BTS3606E&BTS3606AE

V300

Site Maintenance Guide

Issue

04

Date

2012-06-20

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2012. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions
and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
representations of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address:

Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China

Website:

http://www.huawei.com

Email:

support@huawei.com

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

i

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

About This Document

About This Document
Purpose
This site maintenance manual describes the routine maintenance, emergency maintenance,
troubleshooting, part replacement, and routine O&M of BTS3606E and BTS3606AE CDMA
Base Station.

Related Versions
The following table lists the product versions related to this document.
Product Name

Version

BTS3606E

V300

BTS3606AE

V300

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:

BTS engineer

Maintenance engineer

Organization
This document consists of five chapters and is organized as follows.

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

ii

could result in minor or moderate injury.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide About This Document Chapter Description 1 Describes: Routine Maintenance  Classification of routine maintenance  Preparation for routine maintenance  Routine maintenance records  Routine maintenance instructions  Checking BTS operation status 2 Emergency Maintenance Describes the emergency maintenance during BTS running. if not avoided. 5 Routine O&M Describes the LMT software and routine operations. Symbol Description Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk that. B Acronyms and Abbreviations This appendix lists the acronyms and abbreviations related to the BTS3606E and BTS3606AE.. data loss. or unexpected results. A Troubleshooting Record Describes the template for writing a fault case. iii . Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save time. Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement important points of the main text. and accessories. 3 Troubleshooting Describes how to troubleshoot the common faults. 4 Parts Replacement Describes how to replace the baseband. if not avoided. if not avoided. Ltd. could cause equipment damage. RF modules. will result in death or serious injury.. Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that. Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk which. and performance degradation. 6 Appendix Describes the cable connections between RF modules. Conventions Symbol Conventions The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

and users are in boldface. log in as user root. } Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. tabs. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Keyboard Operation Format Description Key Press the key. { x | y | .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide About This Document General Conventions Convention Description Times New Roman Normal paragraphs are in Times New Roman. Italic Command arguments are in italics. parameters. menus. For example. [ x | y | . Courier New Terminal display is in Courier New... } * Alternative items are grouped in braces and separated by vertical bars. ] Optional alternative items are grouped in square brackets and separated by vertical bars. [] Items (keywords or arguments) in square brackets [ ] are optional.. directories. > Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">" signs. GUI Conventions Convention Description Boldface Buttons. press Enter and press Tab. and dialog titles are in boldface. For example. One is selected.. folders. iv . Ltd. Italic Book titles are in italics... A minimum of one or a maximum of all can be selected. One or none is selected. windows. choose File > Create > Folder. Boldface Names of files. For example... { x | y | . click OK. Command Conventions Convention Description Boldface The keywords of a command line are in boldface. For example.

Drag Press and hold the primary mouse button and move the pointer to a certain position. Update History Updates between document versions are cumulative.. pressing Ctrl+Alt+A means the three keys should be pressed concurrently. For example. the latest document version contains all updates made to previous versions. pressing Alt.. Updates in Issue 03 (2010-04-16) Third release. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Therefore. For example. Mouse Operation Action Description Click Select and release the primary mouse button without moving the pointer. A means the two keys should be pressed in turn. Updates in Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Fourth release.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide About This Document Format Description Key 1+Key 2 Press the keys concurrently. Updates in Issue 01 (2007-04-20) Initial release. Double-click Press the primary mouse button twice continuously and quickly without moving the pointer. Key 2 Press the keys in turn. The information about RF cable connections between RF modules is added. Key 1. Updates in Issue 02 (2008-01-30) Second release. Ltd. v .

............................................... 29 2.............................................................................................................................................. vi ..................... 1 1.................................... 34 3.. 33 2.............. 34 3...................................................2 Maintenance Items .......................................1 About This Chapter ...................................... 25 2........................................................6 Technical Support ......... 34 3.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................2 Instructions for Equipment Checks ........................... 25 2.................................................. ii 1 Routine Maintenance ............................................5...... 30 2........... 12 1. 24 2 Emergency Maintenance ..................3 Instructions for Miscellaneous Items .....................................................2.........................BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide Contents Contents About This Document ..................1 Flowchart ........3................................ 23 1............6 Checking BTS Operational Status ............. 27 2........................................................................................... 26 2...............1 Flowchart ..................3.............................................................. 34 Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co........2 Checking the BTS Operational Status Through Telnet .......................5..............................................................................................................................................3...................................4 Information Collecting and Recording ................................. 5 1......................3.................................3 Maintenance Tools ............................1 BTS Startup Procedure........................2 Flowchart Description .........................................................................2 Classification of Routine Maintenance .................................................................. 25 2................................................................ 2 1.............................................................6......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10 1........... 23 1... 32 2.....................................1 Instructions for Tests ....................... 4 1..........................................5 Emergency Maintenance Record......2 Background Knowledge of Troubleshooting...............2..............................................................2 Flowchart Description .... 10 1..................................................................................................................................4 Safety Precautions ...............................................................................................1 Site Information .............................................2 Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in BTS Coverage ................ 1 1.................................................................1 About This Chapter ..................................... 2 1........................3.......................... 22 1......................................................................................................................................6...................................................5....................................................4 Routine Maintenance Records.....2....................................................................................3 Preparations for Routine Maintenance ...................................................................................................1 Checking the BTS Operational Status Through LMT ............5 Routine Maintenance Instructions ....................................................................................................................................................................................3 Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in Cascaded ODU Coverage ....................... 2 1................................. Ltd....................................................................... 1 1...........................................3......................................................................... 29 2...................................................................................... 33 3 Troubleshooting ......................1 About This Chapter ............... 4 1..................................

...................................................................... 41 3..............................................9...........4....................................3...................................................8..... 44 3........................3............................ 69 4...........................................3 Service Test ..................................5 Performance Measurement ...........2 Electrical Safety ......4 Location Methods................5................................................................BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide Contents 3..2 Precautions .......4........1 Weak Signal ................................2......................................3 Clearing Faults ......................8 Abis Interface Faults........................................ 62 3........................................................................................................ 53 3........6....................... 37 3.........................4 Opening/Closing the Front Door of the BTS3606AE Cabinet ................................................................................. 69 4......5.......................................... vii ....................................................................................................................................................................................1 Abis Transmission Link Fault .... 70 4.8...................................................................................................... 69 4...................................................................................4...........1 General Requirements ..........................................................................................................4........................................................ Ltd............................2..... 52 3.................... 45 3.................................................................................. 42 3...............................2......................................... 53 3..............................................................................................................6.............................4................... 63 3.........................8.......................... 49 3...............2.................................................2 Interface and Protocol Tracing .....................................9........................2 Unstable Transmission of Abis Transmission Link ............................................................1 Collecting Information ....................................................................5 Traffic Link Disconnected........................................................ 59 3.2 Transmission System Faults Location ...................................................................................................................................................................................................... 43 3...........................................................................................................7 Switchover and Reset ..................................................................................................2 Satellite Antenna Fault ......................... 46 3...........8... 66 4 Parts Replacement .................................................................................... 71 4.....................................................8.........................................2 Analyzing Faults ....................................................................................................................... 43 3............................................ 40 3...................................................... 42 3............. 56 3............................................................................................1 About This Chapter ............................................... 49 3.........6 Comparing and Interchanging .............................. 71 Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.... 44 3.......... 48 3................1 Alarm and Alarm Box .. 41 3................................................ 43 3............................... 61 3......5 BTS Login............. 43 3........................................................ 63 3....2 Fault in the Link Between the EAC and the BTS ....4...........................................2 Troubleshooting .............................................2...................7....... 44 3...... 49 3.......................................................... 58 3................................. 69 4......................................................................................2..................................................................................2 Difficult Access ..........................................3 Troubleshooting Procedure ......7........................ 46 3...7..............6 Power Supply and Environment Monitoring Faults .................................................................................................................................................................7 Clock System Faults ...................................................3 Slow Satellite Locking upon Initial Power-On of the BTS ............................. 71 4...................5 BTS Startup Faults ..........................................................................................................1 Failure to Lock Enough Satellites ..........................4 Abis Signaling Link Disconnected ...1 Symptom .6 Abis Link Overloaded ..... 45 3............................................4............................................4 Instruments and Meters ....................................9 RF System Faults ................................................................................3..........................................3 Low-Temperature Operation ............................................................................. 44 3........................................................................................................................1 Fault in the Power Supply Module......................................................................................................................8..........3 OML Disconnected ....................................................................................................................................................

....... 88 4....................................................................... 97 4.......................................1 About This Chapter ..............5 Replacing the RF Modules ............. 85 4........................2 Local Maintenance .....................................6...................... 108 5.................................................................................................6........................................... 96 4..................................1 Replacing Backplane........................................................4...................................................2............... 84 4......3 Replacing PSUAC/DC ........1 Replacing the BCKM .......... 75 4.........3 Replacing the CCPM/CECM ........6...............6.................................................... 107 5. 98 4.............................. 107 5..............................1 Replacing the CRFM .....4..................................2 Local Maintenance Modes ............................................5 Replacing the CFAN ................ 82 4..................5...................................6 Replacing Accessories .8 Replacing the AC Lightning Arrester ........................... 94 4...............7 Replacing the CSLM....6 Replacing the ODFU.......6........................................................................................5........................... 107 5.........................................................4..................................................BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide Contents 4.................................................. 89 4................................................................................................................................................. 97 4......3.................................................................................... 81 4................ 73 4...................................13 Replacing Hot-Swappable Optical Module............8 Replacing the OMPA ......................................................................................................................................................................... 79 4............................................................................... 101 4..............................................6...................................... 74 4..................6...............5...................................5 Replacing the HPCM ................................................................................ Ltd........6...................... 104 4........7 Replacing the OMTR ..................12 Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Antenna Side ...............................................................................................................................1 Removing Hot-Swappable Board ...6..................................................................................1 Local Maintenance Software ..................... 87 4.. viii ............................................... 108 5.............................2 Installing Hot-Swappable Board ..................................................................................6......10 Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Cabinet Side of the BTS3606E .........4 Replacing the PMU ....................................... 107 5. 105 4.........................................................5..................................... 92 4......................................5..................................................2 Replacing the BCIM .........3 Routine Operations...........5...............................................................................................................5..............................................2 Replacing the PSUDC/DC ......................................................................................................9 Replacing the Internal Storage Batteries ................................................................................3 Replacing the Boards ........................................... 72 4.................................. 91 4...................................................................................................................................................3...........4.. 103 4............5..........................................................11 Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Cabinet Side of the BTS3606AE .......................4 Replacing the CDDU/IDFU ............................................................................ 72 4.......................................3 Replacing the CMPA............................... 106 5 Routine O&M ............................................... 77 4.......... 102 4....................... 94 4....................................................................................................................... 72 4.........3....................................................6.....................5 Replacing the FAN ......................... 75 4......................................................................................................3..........................................................4 Removing the Faults in the Board ................................... 108 Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..... 99 4.........................................................................................................................................................................................2...............................................................................................................2 Replacing the CMTR ....................................................................................... 76 4.............................3 Verifying the Replacement .............................................. 82 4.......6 Replacing the CESP ......................... 100 4..............................4 Replacing Baseband Boards .............................1 Starting the LMT...............6.....4 Replacing the CRDM .4.......................................................................................................................3...............6............................................

.... ix .............................................5 Testing Connection of E1/T1 Links ............ the CMPA........................7 Checking the Quality of Abis Transmission Link .3...................... and the CMTR .... 118 6.....................................................................2 Logging in to the BTS Locally in Telnet Mode ................ 118 6.... the CMPA.........................3........................................ 122 A Troubleshooting Record ..............3 Installing RF Cables Between the IDFU.........................6 Checking Abis Transmission Link .............. 113 5....... 116 6 Appendix ........................................................ 129 Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.................................................... 109 5.....................................................1 About This Chapter .............................................................. 118 6.................... 111 5............................................................................. 110 5.....................................................3................. Ltd..................................................................BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide Contents 5.....................................................................3 Logging in to the BTS Remotely in Telnet Mode ................................... 112 5..............3..........................3.....................................................2 Installing RF Cables Between the CDDU........................3.................................................. 127 B Acronyms and Abbreviations ...................4 Starting Reverse Maintenance............ and the CMTR.......................................................................

1. Table 1-1 Classification of routine maintenance Classified by. weekly.6 Checking BTS Operational Status BTS operational status checking.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance 1 Routine Maintenance 1..4 Routine Maintenance Records Routine maintenance records. Ltd. and analyze the operation and performance of the equipment Unconventional maintenance Simulate special conditions and test if the equipment performance or system function degrades Scheduled maintenance Perform scheduled maintenance on daily. 1..2 Classification of Routine Maintenance Classification of routine maintenance. 1.1 About This Chapter The following table lists the contents of this chapter.. Section Describes 1. quarterly.2 Classification of Routine Maintenance Table 1-1 lists the classification of routine maintenance.5 Routine Maintenance Instructions Routine maintenance instructions. 1. or yearly basis Unscheduled maintenance Perform the maintenance when the equipment is faulty or after the network is adjusted Maintenance period Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3 Preparations for Routine Maintenance Preparations for routine maintenance. 1 . monthly. test.. Classification Description Implementation method Conventional maintenance Use conventional maintenance methods to observe. 1.

and parts replacement.1 Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. reverse maintenance.3. Table 1-2 Test items of routine maintenance Test Item Operation Guide Call Refer to Call Test in 1.5. 2 . 1..3.3 Preparations for Routine Maintenance This section describes:  Site Information  Maintenance Items  Maintenance Tools  Safety Precautions 1.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Classified by. Ltd. In the near-end maintenance. or the maintenance through observation. Remote maintenance Remote maintenance refers to logging in to the BTS by using a Modem to maintain the BTS. Far-end maintenance Far-end maintenance refers to the maintenance of the BTS at the BSC or M2000.1 Coverage Refer to Coverage Test in 1. Classification Description Maintenance environment Near-end maintenance Near-end maintenance refers to Telnet maintenance.. test.1 Site Information Before the routine maintenance of a BTS.2 Maintenance Items Select a maintenance item as the site requires..5. familiarize yourself with the following information about the BTS:  Unsolved faults and alarms  Hardware description of the BTS  Local environment  Spare parts 1. Test Items Table 1-2 lists the test items of the routine maintenance. use crossover cables to connect the laptop to the BCKM..

Azimuth.5. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Power supply of the BTS3606E Refer to Checking the Power Supply of the BTS3606E in 1.2 .5.5.2 . 3 .2 . and Tilt Angle in 1.5. Grounding and lightning protection Refer to Checking Grounding and Lightning Protection in 1.5. Voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) Refer to Checking VSWR in 1. Table 1-3 Check items of routine maintenance Check Item Operation Guide Board/Module Refer to Checking Boards or Modules in 1.1 Board Refer to Board Test in 1.5.5..2 . Carrier status Refer to Querying Carrier Status in 1.2 .2 .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Test Item Operation Guide Handoff Refer to Handoff Test in 1. Temperature-control and environment monitoring devices of the BTS3606AE Refer to Checking BTS3606AE Temperature Control Equipment and EMUA in 1. Power supply of the BTS3606AE Refer to Checking the Power Supply of the BTS3606AE in 1.5. Temperature control and environment monitoring devices of the BTS3606E Refer to Checking BTS3606E Temperature Control Equipment and EAC in 1.2 .5.. Antenna connection Refer to Checking Connections of Antenna and Feeder in 1.1 Check Items Table 1-3 lists the check items of the routine maintenance.2 .5.5.5.5. Other Items Table 1-4 lists other items of the routine maintenance.2 . Ltd.5.  The antenna fastness  The azimuth and tilt angle of the directional antenna Refer to Checking Antenna Installation.2 . Cabinet cleanness Refer to Clearing Cabinet in 1.2 .2 . Transmission link quality Refer to Checking the Quality of Transmission Link in 1.

For antenna and feeder test For Abis link test Other tool The antenna and feeder test equipment is used to locate faults and measure the following items:  Standing wave ratio  Return loss  Cable insertion loss An error bit tester is used to:  Test the quality of the transmission link  Locate faults in the transmission link The multimeter is used to test:  AC power equipment  DC power equipment  Cabinet grounding SiteMaster Error bit tester Multimeter 1. Ltd..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-4 Other items of the routine maintenance Other Item Operation Guide Alarm query Refer to Querying Alarm in 1. 1. familiarize yourself with the safety precautions.5.3 ..3.3 .4 Safety Precautions Before you begin the maintenance.5.3. Power meter The output power determines the effect of forward coverage. 4 . Table 1-5 Maintenance tools that are used in routine maintenance Type Description Example For frequency test The frequency test equipment consists of: 8935 integrated tester For power test  A frequency generator  A spectrum analyzer  Various connectors and cables The power test equipment is used to measure and analyze the BTS output power. Performance measurement Refer to Measuring Performance in 1.3 Maintenance Tools Table 1-5 lists the maintenance tools that are used in routine maintenance. Static Electricity You must adhere to the following principles: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

Skilled maintenance personnel are required for high rise operation. Table 1-6 Troubleshooting record of the BTS3606E/3606AE unexpected fault Site name/BTS type Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Home BSC Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For the maintenance operations described in the routine maintenance records.  Power off the power supply. You can change the format and contents of the routine maintenance records as required. 1. Exposure to the RF signals may result in injury. the BTS antenna devices are installed on a high place such as the tower or the rooftop.4 Routine Maintenance Records This section describes the routine maintenance records.5 "Routine Maintenance Instructions.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance  Before you maintain a board or backplane. you must observe the following instructions:  When the BTS is operational.  Do not allow unskilled personnel to operate optical fibers and optical transmission equipment.  Keep new boards or backplanes in antistatic bags before the installation. Ltd.  When the BTS is operational. keep away from the RF antenna..  Do not keep your naked eyes close to the fiber connector or stare at the fiber connector when you replace the hot-swappable optical modules.  When you repair or replace the RF antenna. Electromagnetic Radiation The BTS is a high-power radio frequency (RF) signal transceiver." Table 1-6 lists the troubleshooting record of the BTS3606E/3606AE unexpected fault. do not operate the RF cables. refer to 1. Therefore.  Put the faulty boards into antistatic bags after the removal.  Do not allow unprofessional personnel to operate the optical-test equipment. 5 . you must observe the following instructions:  Do not keep your naked eyes close to the fiber connector or stare at the fiber connector when you install or maintain the optical fibers. High Rise Operation In normal cases.. wear an antistatic wrist strap or glove. Laser/LED When you maintain the equipment that has optical modules or optical ports. They must observe the instructions for high rise operation. when you maintain the BTS. block the carrier or power off the carrier.  Do not keep your naked eyes close to the fiber connector or stare at the fiber connector when you replace or remove the CCPM/CECM.

BCIM. CCPM. HPCM) Environment monitoring equipment (PMU. Table 1-7 BTS3606E/3606AE daily maintenance record Site name/BTS type: _______________ Maintenance date: ____(MM)_____(DD)_____(YY) Maintainer: Item Status Current alarm Alarm clearing Remark Maintainer  Normal  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal Description of the fault and troubleshooting method Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Occurrence time Troubleshooting time Attendant Handled by Classification of faults  PSUAC/DC Baseband boards (BCKM. and ODFU Temperature control equipment (such as air-conditioner or heat exchanger) Antenna system Built-in transmission equipment PSUDC/DC ODU Others Fault found by/from: User complaints Alarm system Daily maintenance Other sources Fault description: Troubleshooting methods and results: Note The fault description should include:  The symptom description  The barcode of the faulty module  The operation before the fault Table 1-7 lists the BTS3606E/3606AE daily maintenance record. CECM. EAC) Carrier modules (CMTR/CMPA/OMTR/OMPA) CDDU.. Ltd. 6 . EMUA. IDFU.

7 .  Abnormal Description of fault and troubleshooting method Outstanding issues Checked by Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Tracing center processing unit (CPU) usage of the BCKM  Normal A normal CPU usage is less than 85%. Reverse received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of each sector  Normal  Abnormal When no call is in progress.0 dBm to 108.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Outstanding issues Checked by monitor Table 1-8 lists the BTS3606E/3606AE weekly maintenance record... Ltd. Table 1-8 BTS3606E/3606AE weekly maintenance record Site name/BTS model: _______________ Maintenance date: ____(MM)_____(DD)_____(YY) Maintainer: Item Status Operational status of the BTS equipment  Normal Quality of the transmission links Carrier status Forward output power of each sector Remark Maintainer  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal When a call is in progress. the normal RSSI is from–105. the normal RSSI is from –110.0 dBm to –112.0 dBm.0 dBm.

Table 1-9 BTS3606E/3606AE monthly maintenance record Site name/BTS type: _______________ Maintenance date: ____(MM)_____(DD)_____(YY) Maintainer: Item Status Maintainer  Normal Temperature  Abnormal  Normal Humidity  Abnormal  Normal Dust proof performance  Abnormal  Normal Board test  Abnormal  Normal Call test  Abnormal  Normal Handoff test  Abnormal Grounding. 8 . and power supply system  Normal  Abnormal  Normal RF antenna part  Abnormal  Normal Satellite antenna part  Abnormal  Normal Power supply module  Abnormal  Normal Air-conditioner or heat exchanger  Abnormal  Normal History alarm  Abnormal  Normal Performance measurement task  Abnormal Performance measurement analysis Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Remark  Normal Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance monitor Table 1-9 lists the BTS3606E/3606AE monthly maintenance record. Ltd. lightning protection...

 Normal  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal Description of fault and troubleshooting method Outstanding issues Checked by monitor Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. Table 1-10 BTS3606E/3606AE quarterly maintenance record Site name/BTS type: _______________ Maintenance date: ____(MM)_____(DD)_____(YY) Maintainer: Item Status Coverage test History alarm clearing Alarm collection device Power supply Equipment room/site environment Remark Maintainer  Normal  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal  Normal  Abnormal Check the alarm collection device.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance  Abnormal and backup Description of the fault and troubleshooting method Outstanding issues Checked by monitor Table 1-10 lists the BTS3606E/3606AE quarterly maintenance record.. if any. 9 .

5 Routine Maintenance Instructions This section describes:  Instructions for Tests  Instructions for Equipment Checks  Instructions for Miscellaneous Items 1. 10 .. Ltd..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-11 lists the BTS3606E/3606AE yearly maintenance record. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Table 1-11 BTS3606E/3606AE yearly maintenance record Site name/BTS type: ______________ Maintenance date: ____(MM)_____(DD)_____(YY) Maintainer: Item Status Remark Maintainer  Normal BTS output power  Abnormal Grounding resistance and grounding  Normal  Abnormal  Normal RF connection  Abnormal  Antenna fastness  Normal  Azimuth and tilt angel of directional antenna  Abnormal  Normal Cabinet cleanness  Abnormal Description of fault and troubleshooting method Outstanding issues Checked by monitor 1.1 Instructions for Tests Instructions for different tests that are carried out during the routine maintenance are described here.5.

Troubleshooting Submit the test results to the network optimization department. power on an MS that is normally defined.  Use this MS to call another MS or a PSTN user. refer to 2.  The call between MSs succeeds.  The conversation between MSs is normal.  Record the test results. perform the following operations:  Ensure that no GPS alarm exists. Coverage Test Table 1-13 lists the instructions for coverage test.  The call between the MS and the fixed phone succeeds but the voice quality is poor.  The call between the MS and the fixed phone or the call between the MSs fails. Instructions Expected Results Unexpected Results For the unsuccessful call. Table 1-13 Instructions for coverage test Instructions  Define the MS that is to be used for the test..1 "Maintenance Procedure for Call Setup Failure in BTS Coverage.  Trace RSSI to check if the poor voice quality is caused by interference.  The call between the MS and the fixed phone succeeds. with a good voice quality. Expected Results The test results meet the requirements of the project design. Unexpected Results The test results do not meet the requirements of the project design." Troubleshooting For the successful call with a poor voice quality. with a good voice quality. The conversation is normal.  Ensure that no alarm of high CPU-usage exists.  Select proper roads within the BTS coverage area to perform a drive test. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 11 .. Table 1-12 Instructions for call test  In the coverage area of the BTS to be tested.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Call Test Table 1-12 lists the instructions for call test. or RF connections. antenna feeder. Ltd.

 The handoff fails.  Set up a call between two MSs in the sector to be tested.  Trace the Abis interface signaling and confirm that the moved MS sends the Handoff Completion message. Troubleshooting  Check if the board alarm exists.  The handoff succeeds.. Ltd.5. Expected Results Both tests are successful.  The voice quality is good.  Execute the command STR CBTSLPBACKTST to carry out the board loopback test.  Move an MS to another sector or cell. but the voice quality is poor. 1. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..2 Instructions for Equipment Checks The instructions for equipment checks are described here. 12 . or the call is dropped. Expected Results Unexpected Results Troubleshooting  The voice is continuous.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Handoff Test Table 1-14 lists the instructions for handoff test. Submit the test result to the network optimization department.  Locate the fault based on the alarm and test result. Table 1-14 Instructions for handoff test Instructions  Define the MS that is to be used for the test. When the MS is moving to the target sector or cell.  The call is neither interrupted nor dropped. Table 1-15 Instructions for board test Instructions  Execute the command STR CBTSSELFTST to carry out the board self test. Unexpected Results The test results show that both tests fail. or the call is interrupted. Board Test Table 1-15 lists the instructions for the board test.

 At the far end. Ltd. 13 .  The indicators of the boards or modules show that an alarm exists. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E CDMA Base Station Hardware Description Manual and the Airbridge BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Hardware Description Manual. execute the commands DSP CBTSBRDSTAT and DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT for more information about the board status. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  At the near-end. log in to the BTS to check the BTS current alarm. Remove the fault based on the alarm description and indicator status. Table 1-16 Instructions for checking boards or modules Check that the boards or modules are operational. Remark Querying Carrier Status Table 1-17 lists the instructions for querying carrier status..  At the far-end..  For detailed description of the indicators. check if the alarm of boards or modules exits on the alarm management system.  If the board status is abnormal. view the device panel on the LMT to check the operational status of the boards or modules. observe the indicators to check the operational status of the boards or modules. Instructions Expected Results The status of the boards or modules is operational. Unexpected Results Troubleshooting  The device panel on the LMT shows that the boards or modules are faulty.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Checking Boards or Modules Table 1-16 lists the instructions for checking the boards or modules. Remove the fault based on the alarm description.  At the near-end.

Expected Results No alarm of transmission link exists. Remove the fault based on the alarm description.7. Troubleshooting Remove the fault based on the alarm description. and usage status. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. For details. Unexpected Results An alarm of transmission link exists." The common alarms of transmission link are: Remark  The bit error rate of the E1/T1 link is too high. refer to 3.2 "Unstable Transmission of Abis Transmission Link.  The traffic link is overloaded. Checking the Power Supply of the BTS3606E Table 1-19 lists the instructions for checking the power supply of the BTS3606E.  Abis signaling link is overloaded.  If the usage status is Busy.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-17 Instructions for querying carrier status Execute the command DSP RES to query the status of all carriers or a specific carrier of the BSC. record the detailed carrier information. operation status. Ltd. Troubleshooting  If the management status is Blocked. check if the BTS alarm exists.. 14 . Checking the Quality of Transmission Link Table 1-18 lists the instructions for checking the quality of the transmission link. Instructions Expected Results Unexpected Results  The result shows the management status.  A normal carrier status can be one of the following: − Unblocked/enabled/idle − Unblocked/enabled/active − Unblocked/enabled/busy The queried carrier status is none of the previous three statuses.  If the operation status is Disabled. execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier. Table 1-18 Instructions for checking the quality of the transmission link Instructions Query the alarm management system to check if the alarm of transmission link exists.

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-19 Instructions for checking the power supply of the BTS3606E  –48 V DC input At the near end.  +24 V DC input Use a multimeter to measure the BTS input voltage. Checking the Power Supply of the BTS3606AE When the BTS3606AE uses the –48 V DC input or the +24 V DC input. 15 . Instructions Use a multimeter to measure the BTS input voltage. Execute the command DSP CBTSPOWERPARA to check the PSUDC/DC output power and current. replace the PSU. Unexpected Results The PSU output voltage and current are beyond the expected value. Troubleshooting  If the PSU indicator shows that an alarm exists. confirm that the PSU is installed properly.  If the alarm persists. Table 1-20 lists the instructions for checking the power supply of the BTS3606AE only when the BTS3606AE uses the AC power input. Ltd.. confirm that the power supply equipment is operational. view the indicators to check the operational status of the power supply module. The BTS input voltage is beyond the expected value. as listed in Table 1-19. The PSUDC/DC output voltage: +27 V Expected Results The PSUDC/DC output current: 65 A The BTS input voltage: –40 V to –60 V  +24 V DC input The BTS input voltage: +23 V to +29 V  –48 V DC input The PSU indicator shows that an alarm exists. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  If the PSU output voltage and current are beyond the expected value.  +24 V DC input The BTS input voltage is beyond the expected value. confirm that the PSU configuration is correct and that the BTS input current is normal.  –48 V DC input The PSU indicator is normal. the instructions for checking the power supply are the same as the instructions for checking the power supply of the BTS3606E.  If the BTS input voltage is beyond the expected value..

 On the backplane of the PSUAC/DC. Ltd. replace the PSU. If the PSU output voltage and current are beyond the expected value.. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. view the indicators to check the operational status of the power supply module.  If the alarm persists.  No alarms are generated about the power supply. use the multimeter to check whether the AC input voltage and DC output voltage are normal.  If the PSU indicator shows that an alarm exists.  At the far end.  The BTS input voltage and current is beyond the expected value. confirm that the PSU configuration is correct and that the BTS input power supply is normal.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-20 Instructions for checking the power supply of the BTS3606AE Instructions Expected Results  At the near end.. check the alarming system for alarms related to the power supply. Troubleshooting  If the BTS input voltage or current is beyond the expected value.  PSUAC/DC input voltage: When +110 V AC is used: 90 V to 150 V When +220 V AC is used: 150 V to 300 V Unexpected Results  PSUAC/DC output voltage: +24 V DC  The PSU indicator shows that an alarm exists.  The PSU output voltage and current are beyond the expected value. confirm that the power supply equipment is operational. Checking BTS3606E Temperature Control Equipment and EAC Table 1-21 lists the instructions for checking BTS3606E temperature control equipment and environment alarm chest (EAC).  The indicators show no exceptions. confirm that the PSU is installed properly. 16 .

If the BTS is not equipped with an EAC..  The air-conditioner status is Stop. is operational.. the system displays "EAC not configured" after you execute the command DSP CBTSAIRCONSTAT.  The temperature ranges from –5°C to +505°C. replace the fans.  The air-conditioner is operational. The common fan alarms include:  RF fan jam  Fan monitor and control board (FMCB) reading temperature sensor failure  High temperature of the fan Checking BTS3606AE Temperature Control Equipment and EMUA Table 1-22 lists the instructions for checking BTS3606AE temperature control equipment and EMUA. Remark The EAC must communicate properly with the BTS. 17 . If the air-conditioner status is Stop. Ltd.  The relative humidity ranges from 5% to 95%. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the fans are not operational. The EAC can report the air-conditioner status.  The air-conditioner is enabled.  Execute the command DSP CBTSENVPARA to query the temperature and humidity.  The fans are not operational. If the temperature and humidity are beyond the expected value.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-21 Instructions for checking BTS3606E temperature control equipment and EAC Instructions Expected Results Unexpected Results  Query the alarms or check the fans to confirm that the fans of the baseband subrack and the fans of the carrier module are operational.  The sensors are correctly connected.  The site environment is normal.  The air-conditioner status is Operation.  The temperature and humidity are beyond the expected value.  Execute the command DSP CBTSAIRCONSTAT to query the air-conditioner status. confirm that:  The temperature control equipment. confirm that: Troubleshooting  The EAC is correctly connected to the air-conditioner.  The fans are operational and no alarm exists. such as the fans and air-conditioner.

such as the fans and heat exchangers.  The sensors are correctly connected.  The control board of the heat exchangers is operational.  The fans are not operational. is operational.  Execute the command DSP CBTSENVPARA to query the temperature and humidity.  The temperature ranges from –5°C to +52°C. confirm that: Troubleshooting  The power supply of the heat exchangers is operational. confirm that:  The temperature control equipment.  The alarm of the heat exchangers exists.  The site environment is normal. 18 .  The fans of the heat exchanger are operational. Ltd. If the alarm of the heat exchangers exists.  The relative humidity ranges from 5% to 100%.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-22 Instructions for checking BTS3606AE temperature control equipment and EMUA  Query the alarms or check the fans to confirm that the fans of the baseband subrack..  The heat exchangers are operational. replace the fans.  Execute the command DSP CBTSENVPARA to obtain the temperature and humidity.  The alarm report port of other environment alarm collecting device must be connected to the EMUA alarm extension port. and the heat exchangers are operational..  The fans are operational and no alarm exists.  The temperature and humidity are beyond the expected value. the fans of the ODU. Remark Checking VSWR Table 1-23 lists the instructions for checking the VSWR. If the temperature and humidity are beyond the expected value. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Instructions Expected Results Unexpected Results If the fans are not operational. which are the interior temperature and humidity of the cabinet.

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

1 Routine Maintenance

Table 1-23 Instructions for checking the VSWR

Instructions

Expected
Results

Query the current alarms of the BTS through the alarm
management system.

If a VSWR alarm exists, perform the following operations:

Power off the BTS.

Uninstall the antenna.

Connect the antenna to the antenna analyzer.

Test the VSWR.

The VSWR is more than 1 but less than 1.5.

Unexpected
Results

The VSWR alarm exists.

Troubleshooting

Confirm that the antenna system is operational.

The VSWR is beyond the expected value.

Checking Grounding and Lightning Protection
Table 1-24 lists the instructions for checking grounding and lightning protection.

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

19

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

1 Routine Maintenance

Table 1-24 Instructions for checking grounding and lightning protection

Instructions

Expected
Results

Unexpected
Results

Troubleshooting

Remark

Check feeder grounding of the antenna system.

Check the connectors and grounding of the grounding cables.

Use an earth resistance tester to test the grounding resistance.

Check the connections and lightning protection of the trunk
cables.

Check grounding of the power supply lightning arrester and the
PGND cables.

Check grounding of the cable frame.

The lightning arrester is intact, and grounding points are in good
contact with the earth.

The grounding resistance is less than 10 ohm or satisfies the local
engineering specifications.

The lightning arrester is broken.

The grounding points are not in good contact with the earth or are
rusty.

The grounding resistance does not meet the local engineering
specifications.

If the lightning arrester is broken, replace the lightning arrester.

If the grounding points are not in good contact with the earth or
are rusty, reconnect the grounding cables and spray aluminum
paint on the grounding points.

If the grounding resistance does not meet the local engineering
specifications, perform the following operations:

Use a multimeter to find the grounding cables that do not meet
the requirements.

Replace the grounding cables.

When you replace the grounding cables, do not make connectors or
solder connections on the cables.

Checking Connections of Antenna and Feeder
Table 1-25 lists the instructions for checking connections of the antenna and feeder.

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

20

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

1 Routine Maintenance

Table 1-25 Instructions for checking connections of the antenna and feeder

Check if the grounding clip and the connectors of the antenna
feeder are intact.

Query the alarm management system to check if a VSWR alarm
is generated.

Expected
Results

The antenna feeder and the grounding clip are intact.

No VSWR alarm is generated.

Unexpected
Results

The antenna feeder and the grounding clip are not intact.

A VSWR alarm is generated.

Troubleshooting

Reinstall the connectors of the antenna feeder and the grounding clip.

Remark

When you reinstall the connectors of the antenna feeder and the
grounding clip, power off the BTS.

Instructions

Checking Antenna Installation, Azimuth, and Tilt Angle
Table 1-26 lists the instructions for checking antenna installation, azimuth, and tilt angle.
Table 1-26 Instructions for checking antenna installation, azimuth, and tilt angle
Instructions

Check if the antenna is fastened tightly.
If the antenna is not fastened tightly, fasten it with a spanner.

Measure the azimuth and tilt angle of the antenna. Adjust the
azimuth and tilt angle if necessary.

The antenna is fastened properly to bear the weight and withstand
the wind.

The azimuth and tilt angle of the antenna meet the requirements
defined in the engineering document.

Unexpected
Results

The antenna is loose.

The azimuth and tilt angle of the antenna do not meet the
requirements defined in the engineering document.

Troubleshooting

Fasten the antenna.

Adjust the azimuth and tilt angle of the antenna based on the
requirements defined in the engineering document.

Expected
Results

Remark

For details of checking the antenna, refer to the Airbridge
BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual –
Antenna& Feeder Installation.

Clearing Cabinet
Table 1-27 lists the instructions for clearing cabinet.

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

21

 When you clean the cabinet.3 Instructions for Miscellaneous Items Instructions for miscellaneous items are described here.  Analyze and record the causes of the alarms that have been cleared.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-27 Instructions for clearing cabinet Instructions Remark  Open the cabinet door.  Remove the air filter embedded on the front door.  The maintenance period is three to six months.  Use a vacuum cleaner or a towel to clean the air intake vent and other parts inside the cabinet.. − If it is a non-woven fabrics air filter. Ltd.5. avoid mishandling the switch or touching the boards and power supply.  Dip a towel into alcohol and use the towel to clean the cabinet.  Take corrective measures to clear the alarm based on the alarm information. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. It can be washed less than 10 times.  In normal cases. 1. 22 . − If it is a sponge air filter.  Install the air filter to the front door. replace it with a new one. Measuring Performance Table 1-29 lists the instructions for measuring performance.  Maintain the air filter. Querying Alarm Table 1-28 lists the instructions for querying alarms. the BTS has a sponge air filter.. Table 1-28 Instructions for querying alarms Instructions Remark  Query and analyze the current alarms and history alarms in the alarm management system. refer to the online help of the Airbridge cBSS CDMA Base Station Subsystem Alarm Management System. wash it.  Close the cabinet door. For the details of querying alarms.

Querying the Log The BTS log falls into the following two categories: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 23 . SD=2006&01&01. ALMTP=EVT. refer to the related manuals of the iManager M2000. weekly or monthly tasks) as required. ALMTP=FLT. CNT=1000.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance Table 1-29 Instructions for measuring performance Instructions  Set the periodical measurement tasks (for example.6 Checking BTS Operational Status This section describes how to check the BTS operational status through the following two modes:  Logging in to the BAM through the LMT and checking all the BTSs  Logging in to the BTS through the Telnet and checking a specific BTS For the procedure for logging in to the BTS through the LMT and the Telnet.  For details of measuring performance.  For the event alarms:LST NEALMLOG:STARTNEID=10.  Back up and clear performance measurement data periodically. Remark  Analyze and record the performance measurement result. ED=2006&01&15. 1." Use the Telnet to check the following carriers:  Exceptional carrier  Carriers with many alarms  Carriers with a poor performance 1. ED=2006&01&15. The performance measurement report is generated.6.  Only set the mandatory measurement items to save system resources. execute the following commands:  For the fault alarms:LST NEALMLOG:STARTNEID=10. refer to 5.1 Checking the BTS Operational Status Through LMT Querying the BTS Alarms The BTS alarm falls into the following two categories:  Fault alarm  Event alarm To query the alarm of a specific period. SD=2006&01&01. ENDNOEID=10. execute the command LST NEALMLOG.3 "Routine Operations.. CNT=1000. ENDNOEID=10. Ltd. To query all the alarms (1..000 records are displayed) of a specific period.

the BTS reports the running log forcibly. execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT. and CECM. BCIM.LOG Querying the Carrier Status To query the status of all carriers. BRDID= . Ltd. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. − Execute the following command to stop tracing: STP INFOTRACE: BRDTP=TRM. CCPM. and CECM.2 Checking the BTS Operational Status Through Telnet To check the BTS operational status through the Telnet.  Execute the command LST CURALM to obtain the current alarm of the BTS. perform the following steps:  Execute the command LST CELL to query the cell and sector that the carrier belongs to. ITEM="POWER". ITEM="RSSI". Tracing each carrier of the BTS takes more than five minutes. CMTR. CMTR. 1. perform the following operations:  Execute the command DSP CBTSCFG to query the current configuration information.  Execute the command DSP RES query the status of a specific carrier. All the logs are saved in Airbridge\Services\BTSLog. Querying the Board Status To query the status of the BCKM.. To query the status of a specific carrier. Execute the command RPT CBTSOPLOG..6. 24 . the BTS reports the operation log forcibly. − Execute the following command to trace the reverse signal strength of the BTS carrier: STR INFOTRACE: BRDTP=TRM.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 1 Routine Maintenance  Running log  Operation log Execute the command RPT CBTSLOG.  Execute the command STR INFOTRACE to trace the following information of the CMTR: − Execute the following command to trace the transmit power of the BTS carrier: STR INFOTRACE: BRDTP=TRM. BRDID= . The following are two examples of naming a log:  The running log of BTS 10: BTS010_RUN_LOG. BRDID= . BCIM.LOG  The operation log of BTS 10: BTS010_OPRATIONLOG. execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT. execute the commands DSP RES. CCPM. Querying the Special Status of the Boards To query the special status of the BCKM.

 In the BTS coverage. familiarize yourself with the following precautions:  Originate test calls on site or check the subscribers' feedback to confirm that the call setup fails in all carriers of the BTS.3 Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in Cascaded ODU Coverage Describes the maintenance procedure for call setup failure in cascaded ODU coverage. Ltd. Section Describes 2.6 Technical Support Describes the technical support. refer to the cBSC Emergency Maintenance. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2. the emergency maintenance method for the data service provision failure is similar to that for call setup failure. 2. if calls cannot be set up in multiple BTSs that are processed by the same BSC CDMA integrated processing subrack (CIPS). 2. 2.1 About This Chapter The following table lists the contents of this chapter.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance 2 Emergency Maintenance 2..5 Emergency Maintenance Record Describes the emergency maintenance record.Guide For a BTS that works in CDMA2000 1xEV-DO mode.2 Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in BTS Coverage Before the maintenance for call setup failure in the BTS coverage. 2.2 Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in BTS Coverage Describes the maintenance procedure for call setup failure in BTS coverage. 25 ..4 Information Collecting and Recording Describes the information collection and recording.

26 .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance 2.. Ltd. Figure 2-1 Maintenance flowchart for call setup failure in the BTS coverage Start 1 Is the power supply or transmission system faulty? Yes Clear the fault of power supply or transmission system No Yes No Is the BTS operational? 2 Is the fault caused by the O&M operation? 3 Yes Clear the fault caused by the O&M operation No No Check the equipment panel Yes Is the BTS operational? 5 4 Offline Clear the OML fault 6 The status of the BTS boards/modules Faulty Clear the faults of the boards/ modules Normal No No Yes Is the BTS operational? Check the carrier equipment Is the BTS operational? Yes 7 No End Replace the carrier equipment Is the carrier normal? 8 Yes Yes No Check and correct the BTS configuration script Is the BTS operational? Yes Is the BTS operational? 9 No Clear the BSC/MSC fault 10 Contact Huawei technical support No Is the BTS operational? Yes End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..1 Flowchart Figure 2-1 shows the maintenance flowchart when call setup fails in the BTS coverage.2.

perform the following steps: 1. suspect that the boards or modules are faulty. 2. 3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) − If the indicators of the boards or modules on the equipment panel are green. 2. Start the local maintenance terminal (LMT) and log in to the service maintenance system. 27 . The BTS service is interrupted after the maintenance personnel perform a certain operation.2. Ask the power supply personnel or transmission maintenance personnel to solve the problem.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance 2. perform the following steps: 1. suspect that the OML is faulty and the boards or modules are offline. Execute the command LST LOG to query the command log and obtain the recently executed human machine language (MML) commands. Cancel the operation or restore the original state. and result. suspect that the boards or modules are operational.5 "Emergency Maintenance Record" to record the symptom. Step 3 Check the equipment panel. If you find the BTS power supply failure or transmission interruption in the alarm management system. 3. at the BSC. the BTS service may be interrupted. Find out the operation that causes the fault. 2. but the BTS service is still interrupted when the power supply is powered off. Step 2 Clear the fault caused by the O&M operation. handling procedure. Refer to the template described in 2. To check the equipment panel. CAUTION If you perform BTS-specific operations. check the backup power supply system for errors. perform the following steps: 1. If the BTS has a backup power supply system. Click Basic Cabinet and observe the BTS equipment panel displayed on the right pane. Ltd. Check the maintenance operation conducted recently. such as the modification of BTS-specific data. Locate the faulty BTS on the navigation tree and click Device Panel under this BTS. In this case.. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. − If the indicators of all the boards or modules on the equipment panel are grey. which may cause the service interruption.2 Flowchart Description The actions in Figure 2-1 are described as follows: Step 1 Clear the fault in the power supply or the transmission system.. − If the indicators of the boards or modules on the equipment panel are red.

" Step 8 Check and correct the BTS configuration script. If the BTS configuration is incorrect. replace the CMPA/OMPA. 2. replace the cables from the CMTR/OMTR to the CMPA/OMPA. perform either of the following operation to modify it:  Execute the MML commands. To clear the OML fault. clear the alarm as suggested." Step 6 Check the carrier equipment. If some boards. 3. such as the CMTR. − If the output power of the CMTR is exceptional. − If the output power of the CMPA is exceptional. If the fault persists after the previous operations. repair the antenna system. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning. Step 4 Clear the faults in the boards or modules.8. replace the faulty boards or modules or cables based on the result of the previous step. 2. To clear the fault in carriers. perform the following steps: 1. Query the current alarms of the BTS in the alarm management system. − If the output power of the CMTR/OMTR is normal and the input power of the CMPA/OMPA is exceptional. Step 5 Clear the OML fault.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance It takes time to refresh the status of boards or modules on the equipment panel. To clear the faults in the boards or modules. replace the CDDU/IDFU/ODFU. perform the following steps: 1. If an antenna VSWR alarm is generated. replace the CMTR/OMTR. refer to 4 "Parts Replacement.. Execute the command DSP CBTSCFG to query the BTS configuration. To check the carrier equipment. 28 . If a major alarm of the RF module or power amplifier module is generated. For the procedure for tracing the power. Ltd. Locate the alarms of the faulty board/module. Clear the fault as suggested. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 3. Observe the status information 70 seconds after the equipment panel is displayed. Check if a major alarm of the radio frequency (RF) module or power amplifier module is generated. Trace the transmit power. For the procedure for replacing the boards or modules. 4.  Load the correct BTS configuration script. are missing from the equipment panel. Step 7 Clear the fault in carriers. check the current configuration.3 "OML Disconnected. refer to 3. Check if an antenna VSWR alarm is generated..

3." ----End 2. but call setup fails in the BTS coverage.1 Flowchart Figure 2-2 shows the flowchart for call setup failure in the cascaded ODU coverage.2 "Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in BTS Coverage." − Remove the faults in call setup failure in cascaded ODU coverage. refer to 2. inform the BSC/MSC maintenance personnel and ask them to solve the problem. 2. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. If the BTS is operational.  Forget to execute the command SAV CBTSCFG after you load the script and save the operational data. If the fault persists. The ODU described in this section refers to the ODU3601C and ODU3601CE.. Step 9 Clear the BSC/MSC fault. the BSC or the mobile switching center (MSC) may be faulty.6 "Technical Support. In this case. the BTS data is lost and in turn the BTS service is interrupted after the BTS restarts:  Execute a configuration command online. the calls cannot be set up in the coverage of the ODU that is cascaded to the BTS..  If calls cannot be set up in other sectors of the upper-level BTS cascaded with the ODU. familiarize yourself with the following precautions:  In the case of call setup failure. 29 . refer to 2.3 Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in Cascaded ODU Coverage Before the maintenance for call setup failure in cascaded ODU coverage. Step 10 Contact Huawei technical support. perform the following operations: − To remove the faults in call setup failure in the upper-level BTS. contact Huawei technical support immediately.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance CAUTION If you perform either of the following operations. For the access to Huawei technical support.

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance Figure 2-2 Maintenance flowchart for call setup failure in the ODU coverage Start 1 Is the upper-level BTS faulty? Yes Clear the fault of upper-level BTS No No Yes Is the fault removed? Is the power supply or transmission system is faulty Yes 2 Clear the fault of power supply or transmission system No No Yes Is the fault removed? 3 Yes Is the fault caused by the O&M operation? Clear the fault caused by the O&M operation No 4 No Check the equipment panel Yes Is the fault removed? 6 5 Check the status of the ODU Offline Clear the fault of optical transmission 7 Faulty Clear the ODU fault Normal No No Yes Is the fault removed? Check the carrier equipment Is the fault removed? Yes 8 Is the carrier equipment operational End No Replace the carrier equipment Yes 9 Clear the BSC/MSC fault No Yes Is the fault removed? 10 Contact Huawei technical support No Is the fault removed? Yes End 2.2 Flowchart Description The actions in Figure 2-2 are described as follows: Step 1 Clear the fault in upper-level BTS... If the BTS3606E/3606AE connects to the faulty ODU. query the BTS alarms and clear the ODU-specific alarms as suggested. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 30 .3. Ltd.

Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the ODU has a backup power supply system. 2. perform the following steps: 1. which may causes the service interruption. Step 2 Clear the fault in power supply or transmission system. Check the optical fiber between the CCPM/CECM and MTRM/OMTR. 2. Query the ODU current alarms in the alarm management system. Step 4 Check the equipment panel by performing the following steps: 1. Step 6 Clear the fault in optical transmission by performing the following steps: 1. Ltd. If you find the BTS power supply failure or transmission interruption in the alarm management system. at the BSC. Start the LMT and log in to the service maintenance system. suspect that the ODU is faulty. but the ODU service is interrupted when the power supply is powered off. Locate the faulty BTS on the navigation tree and click Device Panel under this BTS. the BTS service may be interrupted.. Ask the power supply or transmission maintenance personnel to solve the problem. Remove the fault as suggested. Check the optical interface between the CCPM/CECM and the MTRM/OMTR.5 "Emergency Maintenance Record" to record the symptom. 3. CAUTION If you perform ODU -specific operations. Find out the operation that causes the fault. such as the modification of ODU-specific data.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance If the BTS3606E/3606AE connects to the faulty ODU through another ODU. Execute the command LST LOG to query the command log and obtain the recently executed MML commands. Cancel the operation or restore the original state. Step 5 Clear the ODU fault by perform the following steps: 1. suspect that the optical transmission is faulty and in turn the board is offline. The ODU service is interrupted after the maintenance personnel perform a certain operation. 2. − If the indicator of the ODU is red. Step 3 Clear the fault caused by the O&M operation. Ask the transmission department to check the optical transmission between the upper-level BTS and the ODU.. 3. Check the maintenance operation conducted recently. check the backup power supply system for errors. In this case. 31 . clear the fault in the BTS3606E/3606AE and the upper-level ODU. and result. 2. Refer to the template in 2. Check the fiber connections between the CCPM/CECM and the MTRM/OMTR. perform the following steps: 1. − If the indicator of the ODU indicator is grey. handling procedure. 4. 2. 3. Click the ODU and observe the equipment panel displayed on the right pane.

If the fault persists.. If the carrier equipment is operational. − If the output power of the MTRM/OMTR is faulty. inform the BSC/MSC maintenance personnel and ask them to solve the problems.2 "Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in BTS Coverage"  2. For the procedure for tracing the power of the ODU." ----End 2.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5. If the fault persists after the previous operations. For the procedure for replacing the faulty boards or modules. In this case. Check if a major alarm of the RF module or power amplifier module is generated. Ltd. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For the access to contact Huawei technical support.6 "Technical Support. 2. refer to 2. clear the alarm as suggested. If a major alarm of the RF module or power amplifier module is generated. the BSC or the MSC may be faulty. replace the MPAM/OMPA. Trace the transmit power. replace the cable between the MTRM/OMTR and MPAM/OMPA. 3. Step 7 Check the carrier equipment by performing the following steps: 1. repair the antenna system. refer to 4 "Parts Replacement. replace the MTRM/OMTR. − Check if an antenna VSWR alarm is generated. replace the MFEM/MDFU." Step 9 Clear the BSC/MSC fault. − If the output power of the MTRM/OMTR is normal and the input power of the MPAM/OMPA is faulty. 32 . − If the output power of the MPAM/OMPA is faulty. refer to the iSiteC BTS3601C CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning or the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE System Commissioning Guide.4 Information Collecting and Recording To collect and record the maintenance information.. Step 8 Replace the faulty carrier equipment. 2 Emergency Maintenance Check the ODU power supply. but call setup still fails in the ODU coverage.3 "Maintenance Procedure of Call Setup Failure in Cascaded ODU Coverage" Record the emergency maintenance procedure in detail because the detailed records can speed up the maintenance process. Replace the faulty boards or modules or cable based on the result of previous step. − If an antenna VSWR alarm is generated. refer to:  2. contact Huawei technical support immediately. Step 10 Contact Huawei technical support.

Ltd.5 Emergency Maintenance Record Table 2-1 provides a template of the emergency maintenance record.huawei.  Visit the technical support website at http://support.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2 Emergency Maintenance 2. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. To contact Huawei technical support.com/. 33 .  Contact Huawei technical support engineers in the local office. contact Huawei technical support immediately.6 Technical Support When an emergency fault occurs... Table 2-1 Emergency maintenance record Date: YYYY___MM___DD___Maintainer: Maintenance Step Number in the Flowchart Description of Results Remark 2.

1 BTS Startup Procedure Figure 3-1 shows the procedure for starting up a BTS..8 Abis Interface Faults Describes the interface faults.2 Background Knowledge of Troubleshooting Describes the background knowledge of troubleshooting. 3. 3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.7 Clock System Faults Describes the clock system faults.1 About This Chapter The following table lists the contents of this chapter. 3.2 Background Knowledge of Troubleshooting This section describes:  BTS Startup Procedure  Transmission System Faults Location 3. Ltd.6 Power Supply and Environment Monitoring Faults Describes the power supply and environment monitoring faults.9 RF System Faults Describes the RF system faults. 3.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting 3 Troubleshooting 3.5 BTS Startup Faults Describes the BTS startup faults. 34 . 3. 3. Section Describes 3.. 3.2. 3.4 Location Methods Describes the location methods.3 Troubleshooting Procedure Describes the troubleshooting procedure.

the service maintenance system marks the BTS with a navigation tree.  At the near-end. 35 . 2. After you switch on the BTS. the RUN indicators of each board flash at 4 Hz. − At the near-end. the boards reset. 1. The BOOT of each board is enabled.  At the far-end. − At the far-end. During the board initialization. After the boards are initialized and before the OML is set up.. The communication link between the boards is set up. the disappears. If the board initialization fails. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) marked at the left side of the BTS in the navigation tree Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. the ACT indicators of the BCIM and BCKM are ON. The BOOT loads the software of each board to the RAM from the Flash memory. 4.. 3.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Figure 3-1 Procedure for starting up a BTS Start Initalize the boards Search for the satellite Set up the OML Load and activate data configuration file Set up the signaling link Set up the traffic link Set up cells End The actions in Figure 3-1 are described as follows: Step 1 Initialize the boards. in the Step 2 Set up the OML.

Based on the configuration parameters of the OMU. Step 5 Set up the traffic link.8. the ACT indicator of the BCKM flashes at 0. After the BTS obtains a reliable clock resource. the BSC generates an alarm of "Abis signaling link interrupted. refer to 3.25 Hz and the BCKM resets repeatedly. refer to 3.8.  At the far-end. the BTS does no reset and attempts to set up the OML again. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. If the BCKM fails in searching for the satellite. The BTS loads the data configuration file from the Flash when:  The OML cannot be set up. If the backup BCKM is configured. Ltd.  And the data configuration file is saved in the Flash of the BCKM. refer to 3." Step 3 Search for the satellite. When the BTS loads the data configuration file:  At the near-end. The BTS automatically loads the board software when:  The software version of the board is inconsistent with that of the BAM. After the BCKM is initialized. Step 6 Set up the signaling link. the boards reset and the ACT indicator is ON.. the CCPM sets up the traffic link through the BCIM based on the configuration parameter in the OMU. For the troubleshooting of the OML interruption. the BTS will reset and attempts to set up OML." Step 7 Set up cells. If the signaling link is interrupted during the BTS running. the BTS resets. If the OML is not set up after five minute.. it works after the switchover. For the troubleshooting of signaling link interruption. In this way. the RUN indicator flashes at 4 Hz. you can observe the running status of each board from the equipment panel.7. 36 ." After 10 minutes. the BCKM searches for the satellite and provides the BTS with reliable clock signal.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting You can observe the running status of the CBIM and BCKM from the equipment panel. the traffic link between the BTS and the BSC is set up. In this way.3 "OML Disconnected." Step 4 Load and activate the data configuration file. If the OML is interrupted when the BTS is running.2 "Satellite Antenna Fault.  And the auto-load switch is ON. the signaling link between the BTS and the BSC is set up. the BCKM sets up the signaling link through the BCIM.4 "Abis Signaling Link Disconnected. After the data configuration file is loaded. For the troubleshooting of the satellite searching failure. The BTS loads the data configuration file from the BAM and activates the data configuration file.

the baseband board reports the hardware configuration of the BTS to the BSC and asks for the BSC to deliver commands.  The cell is set up. Table 3-1 Principle of locating the transmission system faults Locating Principle Layer Description Locate the fault based on different layers - E1/T1 and IMA/UNI are at different layers. 37 . the link is normal.  If the alarm is cleared. When you locate the E1/T1 fault.  The OMC shows the report of the updated overall message. For the troubleshooting of BTS startup failure. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting After the signaling link is set up. you must check the transmission system. the BTS is operational:  The RUN indicator flashes at 1 Hz.  Solve the E1/T1 fault. When you locate the transmission fault. the voice and data services are available.2 Transmission System Faults Location If the Abis interface is faulty.5 "BTS Startup Faults. neglect the IMA/UNI status. the link is faulty.  The ALM indicator is OFF. Loopback E1/T1 Loop back the transmission link section by section to locate the fault.  When you make a test call.  The ACT indicator is ON.2. After the BSC sends the cell configuration data to the baseband boards.  The resource of the cell is available. refer to 3." ----End 3. Ltd.  Solve the IMA/UNI fault. Observe if the alarm is cleared.. Repeat this procedure for each physical link to locate the fault accurately. Location Principle Table 3-1 lists the principle of locating the transmission system faults.  If the alarm persists. How to locate the transmission system faults is described here. the BTS implements the following operations:  Configuring the carrier attribute  Setting up the common channel  Updating the overall messages If the following conditions are met..

Check configuration E1/T1  Ensure that the grounding of all the transmission equipment is correct. Remove wrong connection Clear the alarm IMA - When the IMA link set is used. No signal is on the receive link.  Or the BER exceeds 10 3. BTS. some links are looped back and other links are correctly connected.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Locating Principle Layer Description Check the DIP switch E1/T1 When you check the DIP switch.. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co..  Ensure that the 120 ohm twisted pair is used for equipment connection and the 75 ohm coaxial cable is used for inter-subrack connection in the BSC.  Check whether the 120 ohm cable or 75 ohm cable is used. and that of the transmission equipment are consistent.  In a set. The signal quality is poor. Table 3-2 Alarms of the E1/T1 link Alarm Meaning Description LOS E1/T1 LOS The receive link is faulty. The possible causes are that:  The cable marked with RX or the connector between the BSC and the transmission equipment is not in good contact. Ensure that the configurations of the BSC. Ltd. ensure that the following wrong connections are removed:  The links in the same set are connected to different BTSs. LFA Issue 04 (2012-06-20) E1/T1 Frame-out-of-sync The receive link is faulty. In normal cases. suspect that the transmission is normal. Take the BSC as an example. – 38 . Common Transmission System Faults The common transmission system faults are described as follows:  Alarms of the E1/T1 link are described in Table 3-2. Take the BSC as an example. Check the configuration of the system clock. the cable marked with RX or the connector between the BSC and the transmission equipment is disconnected.  All the links in the same set are connected to different BTSs. If the alarm is cleared.

perform the following steps:   Ensure that the transmission configuration is correct. The possible causes are that: RA E1/T1 Remote Alarm  The cable or connector between the BTS and the transmission equipment is faulty.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Alarm Meaning Description AIS E1/T1 AIS The previous receive link is faulty. SLIP E1/T1 1-hour Slip Frame Threshold Crossed The possible causes are that the clocks of the far end and the near-end are not synchronized. The BER exceeds 10–6.  The BTS receive link is faulty. To remove the fault.. Table 3-3 lists the IMA/UNI link fault. Ltd. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) The possible causes are that:  The LOS/LFA/AIS on the E1/T1 is faulty. incorrect clock configuration causes this fault.  The BTS transmit link is faulty. Take the BTS as an example. 39 . The link at the transmit side is faulty. Table 3-3 IMA/UNI link fault Alarm Meaning Description LCD IMA/UNI/FRAC ATM Link LOCD The link cannot receive cells. ERR CODE E1/T1 Link BER Threshold Crossed Alarm The possible causes are that the BER of the E1/T1 link exceeds 10-5because of wrong DIP switch setting or wrong grounding. The possible causes are that:   The configurations of the far end and the near-end are inconsistent. In normal cases..  A board is faulty.  Loopback the link to locate the fault. The E1/T1 link is available. The possible causes are that: LMFA E1/T1 CRC4 LMFA Alarm  The cable marked with RX or the connector between the BSC and the transmission equipment is faulty.  The link between the BTS and the transmission equipment is faulty. but the IMA/UNI link is faulty. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Take the BSC as an example.

execute the command RST IMAGRP to set the new parameters for the IMA link set. Figure 3-2 Normal connection and crossed pair connection A E1 Rx B E1 Tx A E1 Rx B E1 Tx A E1 Tx B E1 Rx A E1 Tx B E1 Rx C E1 Rx D E1 Tx C E1 Rx D E1 Tx C E1 Tx D E1 Rx C E1 Tx D E1 Rx Normal connection Crossed pair connection 3. The possible causes are that:  The IMA links in the same link set is on different trunk cables.. no E1/T1 alarm or IMA/UNI alarm is generated. Ltd. 40 ..3 Troubleshooting Procedure This section describes:  Collecting InformationAnalyzing Faults  Analyzing Faults  Clearing Faults Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  The delay difference of the links in the same link set is great. Figure 3-2 shows the normal connection and crossed pair connection of E1 cables.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Alarm Meaning Description LIF IMA Link Out of Frame The frames of IMA link are not synchronized. The far-end link that is connected to the IMA link generates the LCD/LIF/LODS alarm. Thus.  The BER of a link is too large. clear the fault on the far-end link. To remove the fault. LODS Inter-IMA link Out of Synchronization RDI  Defects exist in remote receiving of IMA links The possible causes are that:  A link is connected wrongly.  Crossed pair connection exists. all the IMA links generate alarms. When the link set is transferred to another BTS. To solve the problem. ensure that the cable connections are correct. If the crossed pair connection exists.

. The status of board indicators Running status of the hardware and software Equipment operational status before the fault occurs Query the information from the maintenance personnel. 41 . remove the fault in the following sequence:  BTS startup fault  Power supply and environment control fault  Clock system fault  Abis interface fault  RF fault Table 3-5 lists the BTS common faults.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting 3.3.1 Collecting Information Table 3-4 lists the information to be collected. Table 3-4 Information to be collected Information To Be Collected How To Collect the Information Fault symptoms Query the information from the users who complain the fault.2 Analyzing Faults After you obtain the fault information. Equipment version information and patch information Operation before the fault occurs Measures taken to deal with the fault and the results 3. When multiple faults occur.  Interface/signaling tracing View the board to query the information.3. Ltd. Time that the fault occurs Site that the fault occurs Frequency that the fault occurs Effect that the fault has Alarms generated when the fault occurs Query the information through:  Service test  Performance measurement. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. you must analyze the information to determine the effect and the category of the fault..

Abis interface fault The OML is faulty.3 Clearing Faults You can clear the fault and restore the system by taking the corrective measures.4 Location Methods This section describes the following common fault location methods:  Alarm and Alarm Box  Interface and Protocol Tracing  Service Test  Instruments and Meters Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 3. The GPS/GLONASS satellite receiver locks the satellite slowly at the first time. The traffic link is faulty. The network signals are weak. Users cannot access the network.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Table 3-5 BTS common faults Fault Description BTS startup fault The BTS does not work and the BTS resets frequently.  Present preventive or corrective measures of removing the fault. RF system fault The RF system generates an alarm.3. perform the following operations:  Conduct tests to ensure that the fault is cleared. Clock system fault The locked satellites are insufficient.  Record the key points of removing the fault. Power supply and environment control fault The power supply module is faulty. For the procedure for removing the fault. The environment control equipment generates an alarm. Call drop rate is high. 3. The signaling link is faulty.9 . 42 . The GPS/GLONASS antenna connection is faulty. refer to 3. such as:  Checking the cables  Modifying configuration data  System switchover  Replacing the boards  Resetting boards After the operations. Ltd..5 to 3..

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

3 Troubleshooting

Performance Measurement

Comparing and Interchanging

Switchover and Reset

3.4.1 Alarm and Alarm Box
If an alarm is generated, the alarm and the method of handling the alarm are displayed in the
alarm management system. The O&M personnel can remove the fault as suggested.
The O&M personnel can obtain the alarm information through the following methods:

Method 1

Set the parameters.

Obtain the alarm information through the SMS or telephone.

Method 2

Set the alarm box.

Obtain the alarm information through the audio and visual alarm.

For the procedure for handling the alarm, refer to the online help of the alarm management
system.

3.4.2 Interface and Protocol Tracing
Interface and protocol tracing indicates that the O&M personnel enable the function of
interface and protocol tracing in the O&M system to analyze the link faults and traffic faults.
This method is helpful in locating the traffic fault.
For the method of enabling the function of interface and protocol tracing, refer to the online
help of the traffic maintenance system.

3.4.3 Service Test
The equipment faults affect the service. Therefore, you can analyze service test to identify the
effect and type of the fault.
The service test includes:

Voice service test

Data service test

SMS service test

In addition, you can analyze the service test to identify whether the fault is removed.

3.4.4 Instruments and Meters
Using instruments and meters is a common technical means in fault analysis and location. The
measured data helps you locate the faults.
This method applies to:

Power supply test

Signaling analysis

BER test

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

43

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

3 Troubleshooting

3.4.5 Performance Measurement
Analyzing performance measurement indicates that you can identify the cause and effect of
the fault through:

Creating performance measurement task in the performance management system

Analyzing the performance measurement result

The result of analyzing the performance measurement is one of the essential information
about the troubleshooting.
For the method of using the performance management system, refer to the online help of the
performance item reference.
The online help of the performance item reference is integrated in the iManager M2000.

3.4.6 Comparing and Interchanging
You can compare the symptoms of a faulty part with those of a normal part to find out the
cause.
If you cannot locate the fault after you replace the faulty part with a spare part, perform the
following steps:

Replace the spare part with another one (such as a board or an optical fiber) that is
operational.

Observe the changes.

Locate the fault.

3.4.7 Switchover and Reset

CAUTION
Switchover or reset may affect the system operation. Do not resort to this method unless you
have tried all other methods.
Switchover and reset indicates that you can:

Switch over the boards that operate in active and standby mode.

Compare the operational status of the system before and after the switchover.

Find out whether the active board is operational.

3.5 BTS Startup Faults
This section describes the following information about the BTS startup faults:

Symptom

Troubleshooting

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

44

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

3 Troubleshooting

3.5.1 Symptom
The symptoms of BTS startup faults consist of:

The BTS cannot start.

The alarm is generated.

The boards cannot be started.

The BTS resets itself frequently.

3.5.2 Troubleshooting
Figure 3-3 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the BTS startup faults.
Figure 3-3 Procedure for troubleshooting the BTS startup faults
Start

1
Check the hardware of the
boards

Is the hardware
of the boards normal?

No

Replace the boards

Yes
2
No

Check the voltage of the power
supply

Is the voltage of the
power supply normal?

No

Yes

Is the fault removed?

Adjust the voltage of the power
supply

Yes
3

Is the ambinet
temperature is normal?

4

No

Check the ambient temperature
of the BTS

Yes
Is the fault removed?

No
Adjust the ambinet temperature

Yes
No

Check the software version

Is the software
version consistent with
that of the BAM

No

Is the fault removed?

Yes

Change the software version

Yes

End

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

45

----End 3. [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-4 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the power supply module.1 Fault in the Power Supply Module [Symptom] The BTS reports the alarm of the power supply module. Step 2 Check the voltage of the power supply. Ltd.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting The actions in Figure 3-3 are described as follows: Step 1 Check the hardware of the boards. Execute the command DSP CBTSENVPARA to check whether the ambient temperature meets the following requirements:  Ambient temperature of the BTS3606E: –5°C to +55°C  Ambient temperature of the BTS3606AE: –5°C to +52°C Step 4 Check the software version. If the hardware of the board is faulty. 46 . Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Execute the command DSP CBTSPOWERPARA to check whether the output voltage and output current meet the following requirements:  Output voltage: +27 V  Output current: 65 A Step 3 Check the ambient temperature of the BTS... Query the alarm and indicator to check whether the hardware of the boards is operational.6 Power Supply and Environment Monitoring Faults This section describes:  Fault in the Power Supply Module  Fault in the Link Between the EAC and the BTS 3. Execute the command CHK CBTSSWVER to check whether the software version of the boards is consistent with that of the BAM.6. replace the board.

Ensure that the power supply module is installed properly. Step 2 Execute the command DSP CBTSPOWERPARA to check if the data configuration of the power supply module is correct.. ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Step 3 Check the power supply system. Use a multimeter to check the voltage of the power supply system. 47 .. Ltd.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Figure 3-4 Procedure for troubleshooting the power supply module Start 1 Check the installation of the power supply module Is the power supply module installed tightenly? No Reinstall the power supply module Yes 2 No Check the data configuration Is the data configuration is correct? No Is fault removed? Yes Modify the data configuration Yes 3 No Check the power supply system Is the power supply system normal? No Is fault removed? Yes Remove the fault of the power supply module Yes No Yes Is fault removed? Change the power supply module End The actions in Figure 3-4 are described as follows: Step 1 Check the installation of the power supply module.

. 48 . Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting 3.." [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-5 shows the procedure for troubleshooting link faults between the environment monitoring equipment and the BTS. Ensure that:  Issue 04 (2012-06-20) The connectors of the cables between the environment monitoring equipment and the BCKM are tightened.6. Ltd. The alarm description is "Communication Link Between EAC and BCKM Disconnected. Figure 3-5 Procedure for troubleshooting link faults between the environment monitoring equipment and the BTS Start Is the environment monitoring equipment powered on? No Power on the environment monitoring equipment Yes No Check the cables of the environment monitoring equipment Yes Is the fault removed? 1 Is the communication cable normal? No Remove the fault of the cables of the environment monitoring equipment Yes Yes No Replace the environment monitoring equipment Is the fault removed? 2 No Is the fault removed? Remove the fault of the BCKM/ CSLM Yes End The action in Figure 3-5 are described as follows: Step 1 Check the cables of the environment monitoring equipment.2 Fault in the Link Between the EAC and the BTS [Symptom] In the case of the environment monitoring equipment installed. the BTS reports the alarm.

the following problems are caused:  Poor voice quality  Inter-BTS handoff failure  High call-drop rate This section takes the global positioning system (GPS) antenna as an example to describe the procedure for troubleshooting the following clock system faults:  Failure to Lock Enough Satellites  Satellite Antenna Fault  Slow Satellite Locking upon Initial Power-On of the BTS 3.7. 3.1 Failure to Lock Enough Satellites [Symptom] The BTS reports an alarm of "Number of Locked Satellites Insufficient.2 Satellite Antenna Fault [Symptom] The BTS reports the following alarms:  Satellite Antenna Short-Circuited  Satellite Antenna Open-Circuit Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Replace the BCKM/CSLM to check whether the BCKM/CSLM is faulty." [Troubleshooting] If the fault occurs when the BTS is powered on at the first time. For details.7 Clock System Faults When the BTS clock system is faulty.7. refer to 3..7. In this case. adjust the position of the GPS antenna. If the BTS is configured with a standby BCKM. 49 . refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Antenna&Feeder Installation." The fault is also caused by an improper installation of the GPS antenna. Ltd.3 "Slow Satellite Locking upon Initial Power-On of the BTS. perform the active and standby switchover to check whether the BCKM is faulty.. To remove this fault.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide  3 Troubleshooting The pin of the ports between the environment monitoring equipment and the BCKM are straight. suspect that slow satellite locking occurs. Step 2 Remove the fault in the BCKM/CSLM. ----End 3.

perform the following operations:  Remove the lightening arrester from the top of the cabinet. perform the following operations:  Remove the jumper at the two sides of the lightening arrester.. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. If the lightening arrester is installed at the antenna feeder. 50 . If the lightening arrester is installed at the indoor BTS.  Connect the two ends of the lightning arrester.  Connect the jumper to the port on the top of the cabinet. Figure 3-6 Procedure for troubleshooting the satellite antenna fault Start 1 Short circuit the lightning arrester 2 Is the alarm cleared? 3 Yes Remove the fault of the lightning arrester No Check the output voltage of the satellite receiver Is the output voltage correct? 4 No Replace the satellite receiver Yes No Check the connection cables of the GPS antenna Is the cable normal? No Is the fault removed? Yes Replace the cable Yes Change the satellite antenna No Is the fault removed? Yes End The actions in Figure 3-6 are described as follows: Step 1 Bypass the lightning arrester..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-6 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the satellite antenna fault.

− Measure the resistance between the shielding layer and the core layer at the other end of the jumper.  If the lightning arrester is faulty. the resistance is very small. If the cable is twisted for a long time. perform the following operations:  Remove the jumper at the two sides of the lightening arrester. If the resistance is very small or the jumper is short-circuited. − Disconnect jumpers from the GPS antenna and the cabinet. Step 4 Check the connection cables of the GPS antenna by performing the following operations:  Check the insulation.  If the connectors of the lightning arrester are rusted by water.8 V. measure the resistance of the feeder section by section to locate the short-circuited part. − Connect the shielding layer and the core layer at one end of the jumper.  Check the short cable between the GPS receiver and the BCKM panel. correct the connections. In turn.. 51 . If the resistance is infinite. suspect that the conductor is broken. For details. In normal cases. the output voltage at the ANT port is larger than 4. Ltd. In normal cases. replace it. Step 2 Remove the fault in the lighting arrester.  Check whether the conductor of the feeder is broken. 2.  Connect the two ends of the lightning arrester. Use a mulimeter to measure the voltage output from the GPS satellite receiver to the GPS antenna.  If the lightning arrester is connected inversely. Step 3 Check the output voltage of the satellite receiver by performing the following steps: 1. measure the resistance of the jumper section by section to locate the disconnected part. − Use a multimeter to measure the insulation resistance between shielding layers of jumpers and core layers. − Disconnect jumpers from the GPS antenna and the cabinet.. Replace this cable with a 10 MHz or a 2 S output cable to check whether the failure of the GPS signal reception is caused by the damaged cable. In normal cases. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Antenna&Feeder Installation.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting If the lightening arrester is installed at the outdoor BTS. In this case. the GPS signal cannot be received. Remove the jumper from the ANT port on the BCKM. ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. remove the rust and reconnect the connectors. it may be damaged. the resistance is several mega-ohms.

52 . the BTS reports an alarm of "Number of Locked Satellites Insufficient. Ltd. ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Therefore.7. Log in to the BCKM through Telnet and execute the command SET CBTSINITPOS to set the position information. For details of adjusting the position of the GPS antenna. Step 2 Set the position information of the satellite receiver.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting 3.3 Slow Satellite Locking upon Initial Power-On of the BTS [Symptom] When the BTS is powered on for the first time. Step 3 Adjust the position of the GPS antenna.. Figure 3-7 Procedure for troubleshooting the problem of slow satellite locking when the BTS is powered on for the first time Start 1 Query the BCKM special status 2 Is the information of the satellite receiver correct? Set the position information of the satellite receiver No Yes 3 Adjust the position of the GPS antenna No Is the fault removed? Yes End The actions in Figure 3-7 are described as follows: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT to query the special status of the BCKM. approximate altitude. and latitude are required. The setting speeds up the GPS positioning process.." [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-7 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the problem of slow satellite locking when the BTS is powered on for the first time. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Antenna&Feeder Installation. You can obtain the position information from other BTS that can trace the satellite or from the networking planning parameter table. longitude.

.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting 3. clear the following faults:  Power supply faults  Environment monitoring faults  Clock system faults 3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8 Abis Interface Faults This section describes the procedure for troubleshooting the following Abis interface faults:  Abis Transmission Link Fault  Unstable Transmission of Abis Transmission Link  OML Disconnected  Abis Signaling Link Disconnected  Traffic Link Disconnected  Abis Link Overloaded Before you handle the Abis interface faults. 53 ..8.1 Abis Transmission Link Fault [Symptom] The BTS reports the following alarms:  Far-End Alarm of E1/T1 Link  E1/T1 Link Signal Lost [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-8 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the Abis transmission link fault. Ltd.

Ltd.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Figure 3-8 Procedure for troubleshooting the Abis transmission link failure Start 1 Is the power supply or the transmission system faulty? 2 Clear the fault of the power supply or the transmission system Yes No No Check the setting of the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP Yes Is the setting of the DIP switch incorrect? Yes Is the fault removed? Adjust the setting of the DIP switch No 3 No Yes Is the BCIM/CESP faulty? 4 Yes Is the fault removed? Check the BCIM/CESP Replace the BCIM/CESP No No Check if the E1/T1 is in the loopback test state Yes Is the fault removed? 5 Is the E1/T1 is in the link test state? 6 Yes Stop the test No Loop back the transmission link section by section to locate the faulty part No Yes Is the fault removed? End The actions described in Figure 3-8 are described as follows: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 54 ...

For the meaning of the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP. If the disconnection of the transmission link is caused by the transmission fault or the power supply system faults. Ltd. Replace the BCIM/CESP to check if the BCIM/CESP causes the Abis transmission link fault. execute the command LST LOG to query whether the previous operations keep the E1/T1 port in the loopback test or link test state. If the OML is disconnected. For identifying the transmission system faults. the BTS resets within five minutes. The principles of transmission cable grounding are as follows:  Ground the sheath of the TX end of the cable.  Ensure that the transmission resistance set in the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP matches the transmission cable. Step 6 Loop back the transmission link section by section to locate the faulty part. execute the command SET LPBACKE1T1 to stop the loopback. you must ground both the TX and RX of the other end of the cables. refer to 3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. refer to the 5. For details of locating the transmission link fault.  If the E1/T1 port at the BTS side is in the test status.  If the E1/T1 port at the BSC side is in the loopback status.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Step 1 Clear the fault in the power supply or the transmission system.  The cable is damaged." Step 2 Check the setting of the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP.  Execute the command DSP CBTSTSTTSK to query whether the E1/T1 port at the BTS side is in the loopback test or link test state.2. execute the command STP CBTSTSTTSK to stop the test.  If one end of the cables cannot be grounded. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E CDMA Base Station Hardware Reference." "Checking Abis The causes of the transmission link faults are as follows:  The board involved with the transmission link is faulty. Step 5 Stop the test. contact the power supply personnel or transmission maintenance personnel to solve the problem quickly.3.  The connector is in poor connection. Step 3 Check the BCIM/CESP. 55 . In this case.  Execute the command DSP E1T1STAT to query the status of E1/T1 port at the BSC side and check whether the E1/T1 port is in the loopback status. If the OML is disconnected. . you cannot execute the command DSP CBTSTSTTSK...6 Transmission Link. Step 4 Check if the E1/T1 is in the loopback test state.  Ensure that the sheath grounding status of the transmission cable set in the DIP switch on the BCIM/ compact-BTS E1 surge protector (CESP) and the sheath grounding status of the transmission cable set in the transmission equipment meet the requirements.2 "Transmission System Faults Location.

" [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-9 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the fault in unstable transmission of the Abis transmission link. Ltd.2 Unstable Transmission of Abis Transmission Link [Symptom] The BTS repeatedly reports the alarm of unstable transmission of Abis transmission link. Figure 3-9 Procedure for troubleshooting the fault in unstable transmission of the Abis transmission link Start 1 Is the transmission system faulty? 2 Yes No No Check the settings of the DIP switches on the BCIM/CESP Is the settings of hte DIP switch incorrect? 3 Yes Is the fault removed? Yes Modify the settings of the DIP switch No Check the DDF grounding and the E1/T1 shielding layer grounding on the DDF Does the grounding meet the requirements 4 Clear the fault of the transmission system Yes Loop back the transmission link section by section and measure the transmission BER to locate the fault No Yes Is the fault removed? No Modify the grounding of the DDF No Yes Is the fault removed? End The actions in Figure 3-9 are described as follows: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8. The alarm descriptions are "BER of E1/T1 Link Too High" and "E1/T1 Link Lost of Frame.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting ----End 3. 56 ...

do not check this item.  Ensure that the transmission resistance set in the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP matches the transmission cable. For identifying the transmission system faults.7 "Checking the Quality of Abis Transmission Link" to locate the part of the transmission link with poor transmission quality.2. the E1/T1 shielding layer at the BTS side is grounded regardless of the settings of the DIP switches on the BCIM. For the meaning of the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP. the digital distribution frame (DDF) shares the ground with the nearby equipment. That is. If the E1/T1 metal connector connects to the DDF at the BTS side. If the environment of the equipment room allows the transmission equipment to share the same ground with the BTS. Step 3 Check the DDF grounding and the E1/T1 shielding layer grounding on the DDF. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E CDMA Base Station Hardware Reference.. the BTS shares the ground with the DDF of the BTS.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Step 1 Clear the fault in the transmission system. Poor transmission quality may be caused by the faults in the ground connections or the connectors. If unstable transmission of the Abis transmission link is caused by the transmission system. The principle of transmission cable grounding is as follows:  Ground the sheath of the TX end of the cable. contact the transmission maintenance personnel to remove the fault. ----End [Relevant Information] Figure 3-10 shows the arrangement of a typical equipment room of the BTS that uses the E1/T1 for transmission. Figure 3-10 Equipment room of the BTS that uses E1/T1 for transmission Optical fiber Transmission equipment E1/T1 DDF Transmission room Issue 04 (2012-06-20) DDF BTS BTS equipment room Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.2 "Transmission System Faults Location. Step 4 Loop back the transmission link section by section and measure the transmission BER to locate the fault. you must ground both the TX and RX of other end of the cables. In normal cases.3." Step 2 Check the settings of the DIP switches on the BCIM/CESP. That is.  Ensure that the sheath grounding status of the transmission cable set in the DIP switch on the BCIM/CESP and the sheath grounding status of the transmission cable set in the transmission equipment meet the requirements. Ltd. Refer to 5. 57 . refer to 3.  If one end of the cables cannot be grounded. an insulation washer is installed between the E1/T1 metal connector and the DDF.. The shielding layer of the E1/T1 does not connect to the DDF.

58 . do not ground the E1/T1 on the DDF at the transmission equipment side. the shielding layer and the ground form a loop. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.8. If the E1/T1 shielding layer is grounded in the transmission equipment room and the BTS equipment room.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting If the transmission equipment room does not share the ground with the BTS equipment room. Figure 3-11 Procedure for troubleshooting the disconnected OML Start 1 Is the transmission system faulty? 2 Yes Clear the fault in the transmission link No Check the consistency of the configuration data between the BTS and the BSC No Is the fault removed? Yes 3 Is the data configuration incorrect? 4 Yes Modify the data configuration No Clear the fault in the BTS boards or the BSC No Is the fault removed? Yes End Step 1 Clear the fault in the transmission link. If the transmission equipment is not required to be grounded. Thus. Ltd. that is. interference is introduced. the electric potential difference may exist between the two equipment rooms. When you ground the E1/T1 cables that connect to the transmission equipment. check the grounding of E1/T1 on the DDF. [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-11 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the disconnected OML. The status of the BTS is offline.3 OML Disconnected [Symptom] The LMT cannot send O&M commands to the BTS. Therefore.. 3. the transmitting end or the receiving end.. ground only one end of the E1/T1 shielding layer.

Ltd.  Ask the BSC engineers to check the router configuration at the BSC side. contact the power supply personnel or transmission maintenance personnel to solve the problem. refer to 3.. 59 .  Switch over the boards or replace the boards to check whether that the BCIM. For the procedure for locating the transmission system faults.  For the IP over FE transmission.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting If the fault in the transmission link is caused by the transmission system. execute the command SET CBTSOAMIP to set the new O&M IP address for the BTS. Step 4 Clear the fault in the BTS boards or the BSC. [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-12 shows the procedure for troubleshooting a disconnected Abis signaling link. BCKM. and CESP are operational..  For the ATM over E1/T1 or IP over E1/T1 transmission.8. ----End 3. Execute the command CHK CBTSIFCFG to check  The consistency of the configuration data on the BTS and the BSC  The configuration of BOOTP information Step 3 Modify the configuration. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.2 "Transmission System Faults Location.2." Step 2 Check the consistency of the configuration data on the BTS and the BSC.  Change the BBKM to check whether the BBKM is operational.4 Abis Signaling Link Disconnected [Symptom] The BSC reports the alarm of Abis signaling link interrupt. execute the command MOD BTSBTPINFO to modify the BOOTP information.

.2 "Transmission System Faults Location. 1.  Switch over the boards or replace the boards to check whether the BCIM. contact the power supply personnel or transmission maintenance personnel to remove the fault. Execute the command RMV CBTSTERSIGLNK to remove the wrong signaling link.  Change the BBKM to check whether the BBKM is operational. Execute the command CHK CBTSIFCFG to check:  The consistency of the configuration data on the BTS and the BSC  The configuration of signaling link information Step 3 Modify the configuration of the signaling link. and CESP are operational. 2. Ltd.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Figure 3-12 Procedure for troubleshooting a disconnected Abis signaling link Start 1 Is the transmission system faulty? Yes Clear the fault in the transmission link No 2 No Check the configuration of the signaling link Is the fault removed? Yes 3 Is the data configuration incorrect? Yes Modify the configuration of the signaling link No 4 Clear the fault in the BTS boards or in the BSC No Is the fault removed? Yes End The actions in Figure 3-12 are descried as follows: Step 1 Clear the fault in the transmission link.2. For the procedure for locating the transmission system faults. 60 . BCKM. Execute the command ADD CBTSTERSIGLNK to add a correct signaling link.  Ask the BSC engineers to check the router configuration at the BSC side. refer to 3." Step 2 Check the configuration of the signaling link. ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. Step 4 Clear the fault in the BTS boards or in the BSC. If the fault in the transmission link is caused by the transmission system.

For the method of locating the transmission system faults..8." Step 2 Check the configuration of the traffic link. contact the power supply personnel or transmission maintenance personnel to remove the fault.5 Traffic Link Disconnected [Symptom] The BTS reports the alarm "No Traffic Link. Execute the command CHK CBTSIFCFG to check:  The consistency of the configuration data on the BTS and the BSC  The configuration of traffic link information Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 61 . refer to 3. If the fault in the transmission link is caused by the transmission system. Figure 3-13 Procedure for troubleshooting the disconnected traffic link Start 1 Is the transmissino system faulty? 2 Yes Clear the fault in the transmission link No No Check the configuration of the traffic link Is the fault removed? Yes 3 Is the data configuration incorrect> 4 Yes Modify the configuration of the traffic link No Clear the fault in the BTS boards or in the BSC No Yes Is the fault removed? End The actions in Figure 3-13 are described as follows: Step 1 Clear the fault in the transmission link.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting 3." [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-13 shows the procedure for troubleshooting a disconnected traffic link.2. Ltd.2 "Transmission System Faults Location..

6 Abis Link Overloaded [Symptom] The BTS reports the following alarms:  Abis signaling link overloaded  Traffic link overloaded [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-14 shows the procedure for troubleshooting the Abis link overloaded. ----End 3. Execute the command RMV CBTSTERTRFLNK to remove the wrong traffic link.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Step 3 Modify the configuration of the traffic link. Ltd.  Change the BBKM to check whether the BBKM is operational. Figure 3-14 Procedure for troubleshooting the Abis link overloaded Start 1 Check the bandwidth of the BTS link 3 Is the setting of the bandwidth of the BTS link proper? 2 No Increase the link bandwidth Yes Adjust the network parameters No Is the fault removed? Yes End The actions in Figure 3-14 are described as follows: Step 1 Execute the command LST BTSLNK to check the bandwidth of the BTS link.8. 1.  Ask the BSC engineers to check the router configuration at the BSC side. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  Switch over the boards or replace the boards to check whether the BCIM. Step 4 Clear the fault in the BTS boards or in the BSC. and CESP are operational. 62 .. Execute the command ADD CBTSTERTRFLNK to add a correct traffic link.. BCKM. 2.

call-drops are caused. Thus. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. ----End 3.1 Weak Signal [Symptom] If the network signal received by handsets is weak. [Troubleshooting] Weak signal and decreased coverage area are caused by insufficient forward transmit power. execute the command MOD BTSLNKBW to change the bandwidths of the O&M link and signaling link for the BTS. such as Abis flow control and access load control.9. and the BTS OML configured must meet the following requirements: − Be close to the actual physical bandwidth (1.  For timeslot-based transmission mode. Allocate all bandwidth to the traffic link. power off the RF module.6 MHz per E1) − Cannot exceed one and a half times of the actual physical bandwidth When the total logical bandwidth is less than one and a half times of the actual physical bandwidth. When the signaling load or the operation and maintenance load is light. the BTS coverage area decreases. to reduce the load of the link. adjust the bandwidth.9 RF System Faults This section describes how to remove the following faults:  Weak Signal  Difficult Access CAUTION Before you operate the RF cable or replace the RF parts. the calculation of the total bandwidth does not follow the previous principle. Step 3 Increase the link bandwidth. Contact the network planning personnel to adjust the network parameters. Figure 3-15 shows the procedure for troubleshooting insufficient forward transmit power. the bandwidth of the signaling link and OML is minimal. 63 . Enable the functions.. To increase the bandwidth of the signaling link or the traffic link. 3. Ltd. Step 2 Adjust the network parameters. the total logical bandwidth of the BTS traffic link..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide  3 Troubleshooting For UNI or IMA transmission mode. BTS signaling link.

..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Figure 3-15 Procedure for troubleshooting insufficient forward transmit power Start 1 Trace the transmit power of the carrier No Is the traced result normal 2 7 Yes Check the connection of RF cables and clear the fault Check the setting of ADJPOWER in the script No Is the setting of ADJPOWER correct? Yes Is the fault cleared? Yes 3 Check the setting of MAXCELLR in the script No 8 Check RF module and clear the fault No Is the setting of MAXCELLR correct? 4 Yes Check the setting of SECTOR_GAIN and TX_GAIN No Is the setting of SECTOR_GAIN and TX_GAIN correct? 5 Yes Check the setting of the parameters about the power of the channels No Is the setting of the parameters about the power of the channels correct? Yes 6 Reset the parameters Check the antenna feeder system End The actions in Figure 3-15 are described as follows: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. 64 .

Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. refer to the Help of the SET CBTSSECTORPARA command in the MML. Ltd. the CMTR/OMTR is faulty. Set TX_GAIN to 0. Step 5 Check the setting of the parameters about the power of the channels. Set SECTOR_GAIN to 3000. Run the DSP CBTSCFG command to check whether the setting of MAXCELLR is correct. For the setting of ADJPOWER. It can be adjusted from 0 to 4095. 65 . After the transmit power is stable. Step 2 Check the setting of ADJPOWER in the script. Run the LST CDMACH command to check whether the setting of SECTOR_GAIN and TX_GAIN is correct. Run the LST CMFINF command to check whether the setting the parameters about the power of the channels is correct. For the settings of the parameters about the power of the channels.. Set MAXCELLR to 40. Step 3 Check the setting of MAXCELLR in the script. the module or cable connection is faulty. Set ADJPOWER to –2. refer to the Help of the MOD CDMACH command in the MML.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting CAUTION The following steps involve adjusting the parameters about network performance. If the difference is greater than 7 dB. refer to the Help of the SET CBTSRFPARA command in the MML. Step 4 Check the setting of SECTOR_GAIN and TX_GAIN. the cable connection between the RF modules is faulty or the CHPA is faulty. The value can be adjusted from –2 to +10.  If the difference between the RF forward output power and HPA output power is greater than 0.1 dB. The value can be adjusted from 0 to 125 for the common cells and from 125 to 184 or from 217 to 250 for large cells. For the setting of SECTOR_GAIN and TX_GAIN. refer to the Help of the related commands in the MML. For the CMTR/OMTR in which a baseband power detection is added.5 dB. It can be adjusted from 0 to 24. For the setting of MAXCELLR. Step 1 Trace the transmit power of the carrier on the LMT.  If the difference between the digital power and the RF forward output power is greater than 0. the difference between the digital power sum and the HPA output power must be less than 0. Run the DSP CBTSCFG command to check whether the setting of ADJPOWER is correct..5 dB. Improper adjust deteriorates the network performance.

Step 7 Check the connection of RF cables and clear the fault. and the CDDU/IDFU/ODFU to locate the cable fault.5 and the VSWR of the N-type male connector of the jumper (1/4 in) that connects the port of the RF front module to the antenna feeder system is less than 1. Change or reconnect the RF cables between the CMTR/OMTR. Measure the VSWR of the feeder.9. Connect the input port of the Site Master to the RF jumper at the top of the cabinet. − If the VSWR is greater than 1. [Troubleshooting] Figure 3-16 shows the procedure for troubleshooting difficult access and high call-drop rate. Table 3-6 Commands related to the parameters about the power of the channels Type of Parameter Command Parameters about the access channel MOD ACH Parameters about paging channel MOD PCH Parameters about pilot channel MOD PLTCH Parameters about quick paging channel MOD QPCH Parameters about sync channel MOD SYNCH Parameters about broadcast channel MOD BCCH Parameters about forward common control channel MOD FCCCH Step 6 Check the antenna feeder system by performing the following steps: 1..3 (the related return loss is 18 dB). 2. Step 8 Check RF module and clear the fault. 66 . ----End 3. − If the VSWR is less than 1. the CMPA/OMPA.. the antenna feeder system is faulty. Ltd. Replace the CMTR/OMTR and CMPA/OMP with the normal ones and clear the RF module faults. the antenna feeder system is operational.2 Difficult Access [Symptom] The network signal is strong.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Table 3-6 lists the commands related to the parameters about the power of the channels.5. however. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the subscriber access success rate is low and the call-drop rate is high.

meets the requirements. For the method of testing RSSI. check the cable connections of the antenna system that has a small RSSI for errors.  If the main and diversity RSSI values differ greatly.0 dBm to –108. such as the access channel parameter and access channel load control parameter.0 dBm to –112.  If the main and diversity RSSI values differ greatly. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning. 67 . Step 3 Check the antenna system and cable connections of the RF equipment. the normal average main RSSI ranges from –100.. Check whether the RSSI is normal based on the following standards:  When a call is in progress. the load is zero and the normal average RSSI ranges from –105.  When no call is in progress.0 dBm to –108.0 dBm. The normal average diversity RSSI ranges from –100.  Use a spectrometer to trace the spectrum of the interference source.  Ensure that all connectors are connected properly.  If the antenna system is equipped with a lightning arrester. such as antenna azimuth and antenna isolation. Step 2 Check and clear the interference.0 dBm.. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.  Ensure that the antenna installation position.0 dBm.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting Figure 3-16 Procedure for troubleshooting difficult access and high call-drop rate Start 1 Test the RSSI 2 3 Check and clear the interference Higher than the normal value The test result Lower than the normal value Check the antenna system and cable connections of the RF equipment Normal Is the fault removed? No No Is the fault removed? 4 Yes Check the settings of network parameters Yes End The actions in Figure 3-16 are described as follows: Step 1 Test the received signal strength indicator (RSSI). ensure that the DC breakdown voltage of the lightning arrester meets the requirements. Step 4 Check the settings of network parameters. self excitation occurs in the antenna system that has a large RSSI.

68 . ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For the value range of each parameter... ask the network optimization department for help. Ltd. see the MML commands of the online help.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 3 Troubleshooting For the method of modifying the network parameter.

 Record the types and versions of the parts to be replaced in case the new parts are incompatible with the system. read this chapter to familiarize yourself with the procedures of and the affects on the system operation. 4.  Follow the instructions described in this chapter during parts replacement to prevent misoperations.3 Replacing the Boards Describes the replacement of the boards. 4. 69 .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 4 Parts Replacement 4.5 Replacing the RF Modules Describes the replacement of the RF modules. 4.1 General Requirements The general requirements for parts replacement are as follows:  Prior to the parts replacement. 4. 4. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4.2 Precautions This section describes the precautions that you must take in parts replacement.6 Replacing Accessories Describes the replacement of accessories...4 Replacing Baseband Boards Describes the replacement of the baseband boards.2. Section Describes 4. Ltd.1 About This Chapter The following table lists the contents of this chapter.  Record the connection position of the cables to be replaced to prevent wrong connections.2 Precautions Describes the precautions that are must be taken in part replacement.

because the clothing generates static electricity beyond the protection scope of the wrist strap. power off the RF boards or modules to prevent injury caused by the high-intensity microwave.. however.  When you operate the active boards or modules. use a functioning wrist strap. If the fault persists. you must wear an ESD wrist strap or antistatic gloves.2 Electrical Safety Before parts replacement.2. replace another part. reinstall the part that is first replaced if the fault is cleared.  Cover the optical ports of the removed boards or modules with dust-proof caps.75 megaohm to 10 megaohm.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide  4 Parts Replacement If you cannot locate the fault.  When you replace the RF boards or modules. − The grounding point of the wrist strap is grounded.. Tighten the writs strap around your wrist so that: − The metal tab is in good contact with your skin. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. familarize yourself with the following precautions of electrical safety:  When you replace batteries.  Dispose of the replaced parts properly. Its resistance value must be within 0.  After the parts replacement. you can locate which part is faulty. After you perform the previous operations. use specialized insulation tools and take protective measures to prevent fluid leakage or short-circuiting of the batteries. If the validity period (usually two years) of a wrist strap expires or the resistance value fails to meet requirements. replace one part. Figure 4-1 shows a correct way of wearing an ESD wrist strap. In this way. Figure 4-1 A correct way of wearing an ESD wrist strap  Ensure that the wrist strap is functioning. Ltd. verify the functions of the new parts and the system to ensure a successful replacement.  Do not touch the boards with your clothing.  When you remove or install an optical fiber. 70 . 4. do not look at the beam of light with naked eyes.

 Keep the boards or modules to be installed in antistatic bags.  Before you close the front door.2. 71 . 4. − The board is damaged. For the procedure for logging in to the BTS. 4. Insert boards along the guide rails until they are in place. A loosely inserted board causes the following problems: − Electrical interferences are caused when the system is running.3 "Routine Operations.3 Low-Temperature Operation CAUTION Avoid interruption of the BTS services owing to a low ambient temperature.2. use a gag lever post to support the front door. − Place the board on an antistatic pad. lift the gag lever post so that the gag lever post can slide on the guide rail. Do not use non-antistatic materials.  Enable the reverse maintenance function of the cBSS and LMT to log in to the BAM at the BTS (recommended). to pack the boards.  Use dust-proof cap to protect the cores of the optical fibers and cable connectors from pollution. the front door is stable. In this way. put a mat under the cabinet to avoid distortion of the cabinet before you open the front door.. common plastic bags.  Enable the Telnet agent to log in to the BTS at the BSC. such as white foams.5 BTS Login You can use either of the following ways to log in to the BTS:  Enable the LMT to log in to the BAM at the BSC. 4." Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. circuits. refer to 5.  After you open the front door. take measures to keep the ambient temperature above –5°C (+23°F).4 Opening/Closing the Front Door of the BTS3606AE Cabinet Familiarize yourself with the following precautions:  If the front door is open for a long time. Before you open the cabinet door.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide   4 Parts Replacement When you replace the board software or chips. − Use antistatic tweezers or extraction tools to replace chips. Ltd. − Do not touch chips. Place the removed boards or modules on an antistatic pad or other antistatic materials. or paper bags.  Enable the Telnet to log in to the BTS at the BTS. − Wear antistatic gloves. or pins with your bare hands.2..

Ensure that the screws are removed from the subrack. Figure 4-2 Removing a hot-swappable board a b c Step 5 Ensure that the settings of the jumpers and the DIP switches of the new board are the same as those of the one removed.1 Removing Hot-Swappable Board To remove a hot-swappable board. Step 6 Put the removed board into an antistatic packing box and avoid touching the printed circuit board (PCB). perform the following steps: Step 1 Wear an antistatic wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. ----End 4.3. Step 3 Hold the two handles on the front panel and turn them 45 outward at the same time. Step 2 Use a #2 Phillips screwdriver to remove the captive screws on both ends of the board panel.3.3 Replacing the Boards This section describes the following contents:  Removing Hot-Swappable Board  Installing Hot-Swappable Board  Verifying the Replacement  Removing the Faults in the Board 4. Ltd. perform the following steps: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 4.2 Installing Hot-Swappable Board To install a hot-swappable board. 72 . The board is removed from the backplane. Step 4 Hold the two handles of the front panel and pull the board out of the subrack... as shown in (a) of Figure 4-2. as shown in (b) of Figure 4-2. as shown in (c) of Figure 4-2.

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 1 Wear an antistatic wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet.3. the RUN indicator of the boards (except the BCKM) flashes at 4 Hz. it performs self-test of version checking.  If the pins are missing or broken.  Issue 04 (2012-06-20) If the version of the board (except the BCKM) is incorrect. ----End 4.. replace the backplane. Ltd. as shown in (b) of Figure 4-3. The small hooks on the two handles will clasp the upper and lower rectangle holes on the subrack. use a pair of nipper pliers to straighten the pins. During the software downloading.. You must reinsert the board. Step 5 As shown in (c) of Figure 4-3. After the board is powered on. hold the two handles and turn them 45 inward at the same time.3 Verifying the Replacement To verify the replacement. as shown in (a) of Figure 4-3. Step 2 Ensure that the board version is correct. 73 . Figure 4-3 Inserting a hot-swappable board a b c Step 4 When the board is in position. suspect that the board is not tightly inserted. the board automatically downloads the software from the BCKM to update the board version.  If the indicator is OFF.  If the pins are tilted. Step 2 Ensure that the pins on the backplane are intact. Step 3 Hold the two handles and place the board on the guide rail of the slot. suspect that the board is tightly inserted. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.  If the indicator flashes. use a #2 Phillips screwdriver to tighten the captive screws clockwise at the both ends of the board front panel. perform the following steps: Step 1 Observe the status of the board indicators to check if the board is tightly inserted.

 No alarm associated with the board exists in the LMT alarm management system.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement  If the board fails to update the software.. no current alarm associated with the board is displayed.5 Hz.4 Removing the Faults in the Board To remove the faults in the board. − The ALM indicator is OFF.. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Observe the indicator on the board panel.  Ensure that the transmission link of the BCIM is normal. If the board is operational. test the data service and voice service. − The RUN indicator flashes at 0. Step 4 Check if the board is operational by performing the following steps: 1. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to check the status of the board. ----End 4. and CDDU/IDFU/ODFU are normal. CMPA/OMPA. − Sites − Slots − Names − Versions Ensure that the boards are intact." Remove the fault as suggested.  Ensure that the clock function and monitoring function of the BCKM is normal. If the board is operational. If the alarm associated with the board exist. refer to the online help of the service maintenance system.  After you execute the command LST ALMFE. the BTS reports the alarm "Contents of Configuration File Incorrect. 2. perform the following steps:   Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Record the following information about of the faulty boards. the BTS reports the alarm "Version Mismatched Between FPGA Software and CPU Software. − The ACT indicator on the board panel is ON. the alarms associated with the boards are cleared:  The ALM indicator on the board panel is OFF. the running status of the board is Available. Ltd.  If all the CCPMs or all the CECMs are replaced."  If the software version of the BCKM is inconsistent with that of the BCKM on the BAM.3. For the description of the board indicators. 74 . Step 3 Ensure that the alarms associated with the boards are cleared. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E CDMA Base Station Hardware Reference.  Ensure that the services in the cell provided by the CMTR/OMTR. If the following conditions are met. Step 5 Ensure that the board can provide services. For the board status query. remove the fault as suggested.

. 4. If the BTS is configured with a HPCM. In this case. no clock cable is on the panel of the BCKM. For the procedure for removing the BCKM. Remove the BCKM. refer to 4. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. It implements the following functions in the BTS system:  Control and management  Operation and maintenance  Clock synchronization If the BTS has two BCKMs that operate in active and standby modes.3. Paste a replacement label on the panel of the faulty BCKM to prevent misoperations. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Put the removed BCKM into an antistatic packing box." 4. Label the clock cable on the BCKM panel and then remove the clock cable. perform the following steps: Step 1 Mark the position of the faulty BCKM. the standby BCKM switches over to the active one when the active BCKM is faulty. replacing the BCKM interrupts all the BTS services. 2.1 Replacing the BCKM The BCKM is the main control board of the BTS3606E or the BTS3606AE. Step 2 Remove the faulty BCKM by performing the following steps: 1.  Contact the Huawei local office to remove the faults. 75 .4. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. the BTS services are not affected. if you replace the faulty BCKM. If the BTS has only one BCKM. To replace the BCKM.4 Replacing Baseband Boards This section describes the following contents:  Replacing the BCKM  Replacing the BCIM  Replacing the CCPM/CECM  Replacing the CRDM  Replacing the HPCM 4.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide  4 Parts Replacement Record the following information of the fault: − Causes of the faults − Fault symptom − Alarm names − Indicator status − Problem location and clearance procedures at the site  Put the board into an antistatic bag and then put the antistatic bags into a board box. Ltd.. 3.1 "Removing Hot-Swappable Board.

2. If no clock cable is on the panel of the BCKM. Paste a replacement label on the BCIM panel to prevent misoperations. execute the command DLD CBTSSW to load the CPU software and BTS configuration for the BCKM.4. Step 2 Remove the faulty BCIM by performing the following steps: 1.  If the ALM indicator flashes at 0. Insert the clock cable to the port on the panel of the BCKM based on the label. For the procedure for inserting the new BCKM. − The version of the new BCKM is consistent with that of the BCKM removed. refer to 4.. To handle the faulty BCKM. Step 5 Verify the replacement To verify the replacement.2 Replacing the BCIM The BCIM provides an E1/T1 port to connect the BTS3606E/BTS3606AE and the BSC.3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co." ----End 4. Step 7 Handle the faulty BCKM.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 3 Install the new BCKM by performing the following steps: 1. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. 2. Label the trunk cable on the BCIM panel and then remove the trunk cable. the system automatically loads the CPU software and then the BTS configuration for the BCKM after the BCKM is inserted into the subrack. After the replacement succeeds. execute the command SWP CBTSBRD to perform the switchover and then verify the replacement.3.3 Power-On of the BTS" to remove the fault. To replace the BCIM.7. − The PCB version of the new BCKM is REV C or later. 76 . refer to 4. If the BTS auto loading function is enabled. skip this step.2 "Installing Hot-Swappable Board. Insert the BCKM. Step 4 Load the CPU software and BTS configuration. execute the command SAV CBTSCFG to save the configuration data to the Flash memory of the BCKM.25 Hz. perform the following steps: Step 1 Mark the position of the faulty BCIM. Take the new BCKM out of the antistatic packing box and ensure that: − The new BCKM is not damaged. Replacing the BCIM interrupts all BTS services.4 "Removing the Faults in the Board. refer to 4."  If the removed BCKM is the standby one. Ltd. If the auto loading function is disabled. refer to 3.. "Slow Satellite Locking upon Initial Step 6 Save configuration data.3." 3.3 "Verifying the Replacement.

3. Step 4 Load the CPU software and BTS configuration.4.. the system automatically loads the CPU software and then the BTS configuration for the BCIM after the BCIM is inserted into the subrack. For the procedure for removing the BCIM. Step 5 Verify the replacement by performing the following operations:  Refer to 4. − The hardware version of the new BCIM is consistent with that of the BCIM removed.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement If the BTS is configured with a HPCM. skip this step. refer to 4. Ensure that the settings of the DIP switches of the new BCIM are the same as those of the BCIM removed. If no trunk cable is on the panel of the BCIM. Take the new BCIM out of the antistatic packing box and ensure that: − The new BCIM is not damaged. refer to 4. The operational status of the E1/T1 links must be normal. Step 6 Handle the faulty BCIM. To handle the faulty BCIM. If the BTS auto loading function is enabled. 3.3.2 "Installing Hot-Swappable Board. For the procedure for inserting the new BCIM.3 Replacing the CCPM/CECM The CCPM is responsible for the channel processing of CDMA2000 1X services. Two types of the CCPM/CECM are available:  The CCPM/CECM that has an optical port. Step 3 Installing the new BCIM by performing the following steps: 1. Remove the BCIM.3. Insert the trunk cable to the port on the panel of the BCIM based on the label. 2." ----End 4. no trunk cable is on the panel of the BCKM. If the auto loading function is disabled. 3. execute the command DLD CBTSSW to load the CPU software and BTS configuration for the BCIM. refer to 4. Insert the new BCIM.4 "Removing the Faults in the Board. 77 ." 4." 4.. which connects to the ODU  The CCPM/CECM that has no optical port Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co."  Execute the command DSP CBTSLNKSTAT to query the link status.1 "Removing Hot-Swappable Board. The CECM is responsible for the channel processing of CDMA2000 1xEV-DO services.3. Put the BCIM into an antistatic packing box.3 "Verifying the Replacement. Ltd.

3. replacing the CCPM/CECM interrupts services of the carriers handled by this CE pool. 2. If the CCPM/CECM is configured with a hot-swappable optical module. refer to 4. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to check if the management status of the CCPM/CECM is Block.. replacing the CCPM/CECM reduces the CE resources in the CE pool and. Step 4 Remove the faulty CCPM/CECM performing the following steps: 1. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Take the new CCPM/CECM out of the antistatic packing box and ensure that: − The CCPM/CECM is not damaged. For the procedure for removing the CCPM/CECM. 2. 3. Set the block type to Idle block. Execute the command BLK CBTSCPM to block the CCPM/CECM. If only one CCPM/CECM is in the channel element (CE) pool. Step 5 Install the new CCPM/CECM by performing the following steps: 1. Cover the connector with a dust-proof cap. Paste a replacement label on the panel of the CCPM/CECM to prevent misoperations. To replace the CCPM/CECM. Step 3 Block the CCPM/CECM by performing the following steps: 1. 2. − The version of the new CCPM/CECM is consistent with the CCPM/CECM removed..6. Put the CCPM/CECM into an antistatic packing box. do not do not look at the beam of light with naked eyes. Remove the CCPM/CECM. If the management status of the CCPM/CECM is Block. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT to query the number and the type of channel processing chips. Label the optical fiber on the panel of the CCPM/CECM and remove the optical fiber. proceed with the following steps.1 "Removing Hot-Swappable Board.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement CAUTION When you remove or install an optical fiber. in turn. refer to 4. 78 ." 4. Insert the CCPM/CECM. skip this step. − The number and the type of the channel processing chips of the new CCPM/CECM are consistent with those of the CCPM/CECM removed. Ltd. If two CCPMs/CECMs are in the CE pool. If the CCPM/CECM has no optical interface. perform the following steps: Step 1 Mark the position of the faulty CCPM/CECM. Step 2 Query the number of channel processing chips. reduces the system capacity.13 "Replacing Hot-Swappable Optical Module" for the procedure for operating the optical module.

execute the command DLD CBTSSW to load the FPGA software and then the CPU software into the CCPM/CECM.. 2. refer to 4. If no optical port is on the panel of the CCPM/CECM. Verify the carrier services of the CE pool." 3. the replacement succeeds. If the results displayed are normal and no alarm exists. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT to query the special status of the CCPM/CECM.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement For the procedure for inserting the CCPM/CECM. − The ACT indicator is ON. Step 9 Handle the faulty CCPM/CECM. 79 . If the BTS auto loading function is enabled. refer to 4. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to query the board status. The number and the type of channel processing chips of the new CCPM/CECM must be the same as those of the CCPM/CECM removed. skip this step. Step 7 Execute the command UBL CBTSCPM to unblock the CCPM/CECM.3.4 "Removing the Faults in the Board. Check the indicators on the CCPM/CECM panel.4 Replacing the CRDM The CRDM is used to connect the CCPM/CECM to the CMTR/MTRM/OMTR and to allocate baseband resources.3. 4. the system automatically loads the field programmable gate array (FPGA) software and then the CPU software for the CCPM/CECM after the CCPM/CECM is inserted into the subrack.2 "Installing Hot-Swappable Board. If the auto loading function is disabled. In normal cases. − The RUN indicator flashes at 0. locate the faults. Step 8 Verify the replacement by perform the following steps: 1. Perform the following steps to replace the CRDM: Step 1 Mark the position of the faulty CRDM.. Insert the optical fiber into the port on the panel of the CCPM/CECM based on the label. Paste a replacement label on the panel of the CRDM to prevent misoperations Step 2 Block the CCPM/CECM connected to the faulty CRDM by performing the following steps: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co." ----End 4.4. 3. Step 6 Load the CPU software and the FPGA software. If the replacement fails. Ltd. The displayed operational status of the CCPM/CECM must be Available.5 Hz. Replacing the CRDM may interrupt services of all RF modules that are connected to the CRDM. − The ALM indicator is OFF. To handle the faulty CCPM/CECM.

Step 4 Install the new CRDM by performing the following steps: 1. 2. For the procedure for removing the CRDM. execute the command DLD CBTSSW to load the FPGA software and then the CPU software into the CRDM.5 Hz. If the BTS auto loading function is enabled. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. Use dust-proof caps to protect the end of the optical fibers. − The version of the new CRDM is consistent with the CRDM removed. Put the CRDM into an antistatic packing box. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to check if the management status of the CCPM/CECM is Block.1 "Removing Hot-Swappable Board..3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) − The RUN indicator flashes at 0. If the management status of the CCPM/CECM is Block. Label the optical fiber on the panel of the CRDM and remove the optical fiber. For the procedure for inserting the CRDM." 3. do not look directly at the optical fibers against the beam of light. 80 . If the auto loading function is disabled. Step 7 Verify the replacement by perform the following steps: 1. 3. Step 6 Execute the command UBL CBTSCPM to unblock the CCPM/CECM. Check the indicators on the CRDM panel. CAUTION If the SFP port of the CRDM is connected to how-swappable optical modules and optical fibers. Remove the CRDM.3.2 "Installing Hot-Swappable Board. Execute the command BLK CBTSCPM to block the CCPM/CECM. In normal cases. refer to 4. proceed with the following steps. − The ACT indicator is ON. Step 3 Remove the faulty CRDM by performing the following steps: 1.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 1. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. refer to 4." 4. Insert the CRDM. Take the new CRDM out of the antistatic packing box and ensure that: − The CRDM is not damaged. Step 5 Load the CPU software and the FPGA software. Set the block type to Idle block. − The ALM indicator is OFF. Insert the optical fiber into the port on the panel of the CRDM based on the label.. 2. Ltd. the system automatically loads the field programmable gate array (FPGA) software and then the CPU software for the CRDM after the CRDM is inserted into the subrack. 2.

especially the handover services.3. For the procedure for inserting the HPCM.3. Insert the clock cable into the port on the HPCM panel based on the label. the replacement succeeds.4. Step 4 Verify the replacement by operating the following steps: 1. During the replacement of the HPCM.1 "Removing Hot-Swappable Board. To replace the HPCM. 4 Parts Replacement Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to query the board status. 3. It provides excellent clock holdover service. In normal cases. refer to 4.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2. refer to 4. Label the clock cable on the panel of the HPCM and remove the cable. If the results displayed are normal and no alarm exists. locate the faults. − The version of the new HPCM is consistent with that of the HPCM removed. − The ALM indicator is OFF. If the replacement fails. Step 3 Install the new HPCM by performing the following steps: 1. Paste a replacement label on the panel of the HPCM to prevent misoperations. the HPCM improves the performance of clock synchronization for the BTS. This affects some services. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet.. perform the following steps: Step 1 Mark the position of the faulty HPCM. The displayed operational status of the CRDM must be Available. Verify the carrier services of the CE pool. the BTS cannot receive a synchronization clock signal. In the areas where the satellite signal is unstable." 3. Check the indicators on the HPCM panel." 4. 3.5 Hz.2 "Installing Hot-Swappable Board. Insert the HPCM. Step 8 Handle the faulty CRDM. 81 ." ----End 4. To handle the faulty CRDM.3. 2. Remove the HPCM.5 Replacing the HPCM The HPCM is a clock board with high precision. For the procedure for removing the HPCM.4 "Removing the Faults in the Board.. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Take the new HPCM out of the antistatic packing box and ensure that: − The new HPCM is not damaged. Ltd. refer to 4. 2. Put the HPCM into an antistatic packing box. Step 2 Remove the HPCM by performing the following steps: 1. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) − The RUN indicator flashes at 0.

Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier of the RF module in which the CRFM is located is Block. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. To replace the CRFM. The CRFM applies to the BTS3606E." ----End 4. locate the faults. To handle the faulty HPCM.  Verify the BTS services. the replacement succeeds. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier of the RF module in which the CRFM is located. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. execute: BLK CBTSSECTORCARRIER to block a carrier UBL CBTSSECTORCARRIER to unblock a carrier 4. local sector ID.4 "Removing the Faults in the Board. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT and specify the board type as BCKM to query the board status. 82 . Ltd. and carrier ID of the CRFM. It dissipates heat for the RF equipment. The operational status of the HPCM must be Available.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide −  4 Parts Replacement The ACT indicator is ON.. Set the parameter priority to Low. 2.5.1 Replacing the CRFM The CRFM is the fan module of the RF equipment. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1. Step 5 Handle the faulty HPCM.3.5 Replacing the RF Modules This section describes:  Replacing the CRFM  Replacing the CMTR  Replacing the CMPA  Replacing the CDDU/IDFU  Replacing the FAN  Replacing the ODFU  Replacing the OMTR  Replacing the OMPA If you log in to the BTS in Telnet mode. refer to4.. If the replacement fails. The CRFM consists of a fan monitoring board and a fan indicator board. Replacing the CRFM interrupts all services of the RF module in which the CRFM is located. If the results displayed are normal and no alarm exists.

3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Take the new CRFM out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new CRFM is not damaged. For details. If the replacement fails. − The type and version of the fan monitoring board and fan indicator board of the new CRFM are consistent with those of the removed CRFM. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. locate the fault.. Step 9 Handle the faulty CRFM. The FAN indicator is ON. Fasten the screws on the panel. Remove the screws on the module panel. Remove the CRFM and put it into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box. 2.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Step 5 Install the new CRFM by performing the following steps: 1. Step 4 Remove the faulty CRFM by performing the following steps: 1. Ltd. 3.3. The fan rotates and the speed is steady..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 3 Power off the power supply of the RF module in which the CRFM is located. CAUTION When you install the CRFM. 2. Check the fan. Insert the CRFM and ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. put the RF cables into the outlets on the four corners of the CRFM to avoid damaging the RF cables. CAUTION When you remove the CRFM. Check the indicators on the panel of the CRFM. avoid damaging the RF cables that are led out of the outlet on the four corners of the CRFM. Step 7 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier of the RF module in which the CRFM is located.”. 2. If the result is normal and no alarm exists. the replacement succeeds. Step 8 Verify the replacement by performing the following steps: 1. 83 . Step 6 Switch on the power supply of the RF module in which the CRFM is located. Handle the faulty CRFM in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. refer to 4.

Loosen the screws on the upper and lower ends of the CMTR.. Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier of the CMTR is Block. 3. Put the CMTR into an antistatic packing box. 4. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier of the CMTR. 6. refer to 4. Step 3 Power off the power supply of the RF module in which the CMTR is located. Pull out the CMTR for about 10 cm [3. Step 6 Install the new CMTR by performing the following steps: 1. 5.5. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 2. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1. Set the parameter priority to Low.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement ----End 4. For the procedure for removing the CRFM.1 "Replacing the CRFM. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. remove the RF cable that connects the CMTR with the CMPA and then label the cable. Connect the RF cable from the new CMTR to the CMPA according to the label. Ltd. Step 4 Remove the CRFM. 3. The CMTR applies to the BTS3606E. Pull the new CMTR into the subrack in a way that the CMTR panel is 10 cm [3. 2.93 in.]. and carrier ID of the CMTR." Step 5 Remove the faulty CMTR by performing the following steps: 1. Remove other RF cables from the CMTR ports and then label them.. insert the RF cables into the ports on the panel of the new CMTR. To replace the CMTR. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. 2. Replacing a CMTR interrupts all services of the CMTR.93 in. Insert the CMTR into the slot and fix the screws on the upper and lower ends of the CMTR.5. local sector ID. According to the labels on the RF cables.2 Replacing the CMTR The CMTR is the multi-carrier transceiver module that can provide a maximum of three carriers.] from the subrack. 84 . From the CMAP port. CAUTION When you block the carrier of the CMTR. you must block all the carriers that the CMTR uses. Remove the CMTR.

Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT to query the board information. the replacement succeeds. To replace the CMPA. Replacing the CMPA interrupts all services of the RF module in which the CMPA is located. execute the command DLD CBTSSW to load the FPGA software and then the CPU software into the CMTR. For details.. the system automatically loads the FPGA software and then the CPU software into the CMTR after the CMTR is powered on. 5.1 "Replacing the CRFM. In normal cases. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. If the auto loading function is disabled. a five-minute adaptive process is available for the CMTR. To install the CRFM. The operation status of the CMTR must be Available. The CMPA applies to the BTS3606E. If the replacement fails. 85 . perform the following steps: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. During the five minutes. refer to 4. Step 7 Install the CRFM. Execute the command DSP RES to query the carrier used by the CMTR. The band and the CDMA channel number of the new CMTR must be consistent with those the removed CMTR. 3. the specifications of the transmit signal cannot reach the rated values. Step 12 Handle the faulty CMTR. Step 10 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier that the CMTR uses.3. 2. Check the indicator on the panel of the CRFM. The operational status of the carrier must be Enabled. Step 11 Verify the replacement by performing the following steps: 1.5. 4 Parts Replacement Fasten the overhead and underfloor RF cables respectively onto the upper and lower fixing clips on the CMTR panel. After the software loading is complete. Ltd. locate the faults." Step 8 Switch on the power supply of the RF module in which the CMTR is located.3 Replacing the CMPA The CMPA is the multi-carrier power amplifier module that amplifies the multi-carrier RF power.5. 4. refer to 4.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4. Perform service verification and calibration test on the carrier that the CMTR uses. and the CMTR may interfere with the neighboring channels.” ----End 4. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to query the board status.. Step 9 Load the CPU software and the FPGA software. Handle the faulty CMTR in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. If the BTS auto loading function is enabled. the CMTR indicator is ON.

1 "Replacing the CRFM.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. 5. 4. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier of the CMPA. Remove the screws on the board panel. 3. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. The CMPA operates in the same band as the CMTR does. 3. Ltd. Step 10 Verify the replacement by performing the following steps: 1. Set the parameter priority to Low. you must block all the carriers that the CMPA uses. Put the CMPA into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box.." Step 8 Switch on the power supply of the RF module in which the CMPA is located. CAUTION When you block the carrier of the CMPA. Step 7 Install the CRFM. Remove the CMPA. − The band and version of the new CMPA are consistent with those of the removed CMPA. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier of the CMPA is Block. refer to 4. refer to 4. Step 6 Install the New CMPA by performing the following steps: 1. Insert the RF cable into the port on the panel of the new CMPA based on the label.5. To install the CRFM. 2. Take the new CMPA out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new CMPA is not damaged. Hold the CMPA and insert the CMPA along the guide rail.5. 86 . For the procedure for removing the CRFM. 2. Step 9 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier of the RF module in which the CMPA is located." Step 5 Remove the faulty CRFM by performing the following steps: 1. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Check the indicators on the panel of the CRFM.. 4.1 "Replacing the CRFM. Step 4 Remove the CRFM. 2. Step 3 Power off the RF module in which the CMPA is located. Label the RF cable on the panel of the CMPA and remove the cable. Fasten the screws on the panel. and carrier ID of the CMTR corresponding to the CMPA. local sector ID. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1.

Remove the CDDU/IDFU. 2. the replacement succeeds.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement In normal cases. For details. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. To replace the CDDU/IDFU.. the CMPA indicator is ON. The CDDU/IDFU/IDFU operates in the same band as the CMTR. refer to 4. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier paired with the CDDU/IDFU. Put the CDDU/IDFU into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box.4 Replacing the CDDU/IDFU The CDDU/IDFU implements the following functions:  Detecting transmission of forward/reverse standing wave  Testing the coupling of receiving and transmitting signal The CDDU/IDFU applies to the BTS3606E. Remove the screws on the board panel. 2. 3. 87 .5. Replacing the CDDU/IDFU interrupts the services of the RF module paired with the CDDU/IDFU. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. . 2. and carrier ID of the CMTR paired with the CDDU/IDFU/IDFU. Step 3 Switch off the RF module paired with the CDDU/IDFU. local sector ID. Set the parameter priority to Low. If the replacement fails. During the five minutes. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning. locate the faults. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1. After the software loading is complete. and the CMPA may interfere with the neighboring channels. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. Label the RF cable on the panel of the CDDU/IDFU and then remove it. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Handle the faulty CMPA in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. 4..4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Perform service verification and forward power test on the carrier of the RF module in which the CMPA is located.3. Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier paired with the CDDU/IDFU is Block. Ltd. a five-minute adaptive process is available for the CMPA. the specifications of the transmit signal cannot reach the rated values. Step 11 Handle the faulty CMPA. For details of the forward power test. Step 4 Remove the CDDU/IDFU by performing the following steps: 1.” ----End 4.

5 Replacing the FAN The FAN is a fan module that is used for OMTR/OMPA heat dissipation. For details of calibration test.. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&VBTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning. If the replacement fails. local sector ID. Take the new CDDU/IDFU out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new CDDU/IDFU is not damaged. Step 3 Power off the ODU paired with the FAN. Set the parameter priority to Low.5. Step 9 Handle the faulty CDDU/IDFU. 2. Ltd. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. Insert the RF cable into the port on the panel of the new CDDU/IDFU based on the label. Step 6 Switch on the power supply of the RF module paired with the CDDU/IDFU. Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier of the OUD paired with the FAN is Block. Handle the faulty CDDU/IDFU in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier of the ODU paired with the FAN. Fasten the screws on the panel. proceed with the following steps. 2. refer to 4. − The version and the band of the new CDDU/IDFU are consistent with those of the removed CDDU/IDFU. locate the faults. Step 4 Remove the FAN by performing the following steps: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Step 8 Verify the replacement. Step 7 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier paired with the CDDU/IDFU. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. 3. the replacement succeeds.” ----End 4. Hold the CDDU/IDFU and insert the CDDU/IDFU along the guide rail. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1. and carrier ID of the OUD paired with the FAN. If the status is Block. Replacing the FAN affects the service of the ODU paired with the FAN. To replace the FAN. Perform service verification and calibration test on the carrier paired with the new CDDU/IDFU to confirm that the new CDDU/IDFU is operational. The FAN applies to the BTS3606AE.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. For details. 4.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 5 Install the new CDDU/IDFU by performing the following steps: 1. 88 .3..

5. Connect the DB15 connector of the power supply cable to the DB15 connector in the water-proof box. Put the FAN into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box. the replacement succeeds. Remove the four captive screws on the panel of the water-proof box. Step 8 Verify the replacement.3. 6. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. For details. perform the following steps: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 4. 5. 3. refer to 4. Insert the FAN into the slot.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Step 9 Handle the faulty FAN. For details. refer to 4.. 2. Handle the faulty FAN in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled.5. 5.. Ltd.” ----End 4. Step 7 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier of the OUD paired with the FAN. 8. Fasten the screws on the panel of the FAN. 3. − The version of the new FAN is consistent with those of the removed FAN.4 "Replacing the CDDU/IDFU" To replace the ODFU of the BTS3606AE. Step 5 Install the new FAN by performing the following steps: 1. 6. Step 6 Switch on the ODU paired with the FAN. 7.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 1. If no alarm is generated. If alarms are generated. Remove the water-proof panel.6 Replacing the ODFU The ODFU implements the following functions:  Detecting transmission of forward/reverse standing wave  Testing the coupling of receiving and transmitting signal The ODFU applies to the BTS3606AE. Replacing the ODFU interrupts the services of the RF module paired with the ODFU. Take the new FAN out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new FAN is not damaged. Remove the screws on the FAN panel. locate the faults. Install the water-proof panel. Take out the FAN. Reinstall the panel of the water-proof box. 4. 2. Remove the four captive screws on the panel of the water-proof box. 89 . Replace the ODFU of the BTS3606E the same way as replacing the CDDU. Disconnect the two DB15 connectors in the water-proof box.

Set the parameter priority to Low. the replacement succeeds. 3. 2. For details of calibration test. Insert the RF cable into the port on the panel of the new ODFU based on the label. 4. If the replacement fails. 4. 90 . Fasten the screws on the panel. Step 8 Verify the replacement. Step 4 Remove the ODFU by performing the following steps: 1. local sector ID. Step 9 Handle the faulty ODFU. Step 5 Install the new ODFU by performing the following steps: 1. Remove the ODFU. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E and 3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning. Take the new ODFU out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new ODFU is not damaged. 5. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. For details.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Put the ODFU into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier paired with the ODFU. refer to 4.3. Perform service verification and calibration test on the carrier paired with the new ODFU to confirm that the new ODFU is operational. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1.. 2. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. Remove the screws on the board panel. Handle the faulty ODFU in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. − The version and the band of the new ODFU are consistent with those of the removed ODFU. Hold the ODFU and insert the ODFU along the guide rail. Ltd.” ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Step 3 Power off the ODU paired with the ODFU. locate the faults. Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier paired with the ODFU is Block. Step 7 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier paired with the ODFU.. The ODFU operates in the same band as the OMTR does. 3. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. and carrier ID of the CMTR paired with the ODFU. Step 6 Switch on the power supply of the ODU paired with the ODFU. 2. Label the RF cable on the panel of the ODFU and then remove it.

− The version and the band of the new OMTR are consistent with those of the removed OMTR.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 4. Put the OMTR into an antistatic packing box and then into an antistatic packing box. 3. 5. local sector ID.5. Replacing the OMTR interrupts the services of ODU in which the OMTR is located. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.7 Replacing the OMTR The OMTR is multi-carrier transceiver module that can provide a maximum of three carriers. and carrier ID of the OMTR. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. 2. Remove the OMTR. Insert the RF cable into the port on the panel of the new OMTR based on the label. Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier of the OMTR. Step 7 Load the CPU software and the FPGA software. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1. 3. Execute the command DSP RES to check if the carrier of the OMTR is Block. 4. Hold the new OMTR and insert the OMTR along the guide rail. To replace the OMTR. CAUTION When you block the carrier of the OMTR. Step 5 Install the new OMTR. Step 3 Power off the ODU in which the OMTR is located. Step 4 Remove the OMTR by performing the following steps: 1. 2.. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. Fasten the screws on the panel. Step 6 Switch on the power supply of the ODU in which the OMTR is located. Label the RF cable on the OMTR panel and then remove it. Take the new OMTR out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new OMTR is not damaged. you must block all the carriers in use. 91 . Ltd. Set the parameter priority to Low. 2. 4. If the BTS auto loading function is enabled. the system automatically loads the CPU software and FPGA software into the OMTR after the OMTR is powered on. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. The OMTR applies to the BTS3606AE. 1.. Remove the screws on the board panel.

Check the indicator on the panel of the OMTR. To replace the OMPA. Step 9 Verify the replacement by performing the following steps: 1.5 Hz. After the software loading is complete.3.. the specifications of the transmit signal cannot reach the rated values.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement If the auto loading function is disabled. − The ALM indicator is OFF. Step 2 Block the carrier by performing the following steps: 1. − The ACT indicator is ON. 4. 92 . the replacement succeeds. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Execute the command BLK RES to block the carrier paired with the OMPA. Step 10 Handle the faulty OMTR. Replacing the OMPA interrupts the services of ODU in which the OMPA is located. 2. locate the faults. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSPECSTAT to query the board information. local sector ID and carrier ID of the OMTR corresponding to the OMPA. During the five minutes.5. Handle the faulty OMTR in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. refer to 4. Perform service verification and calibration test on the carrier that the OMTR uses. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For details. The operation status of the OMTR must be Available. Set the parameter priority to Low. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. The operational status of the carrier must be Enabled. In normal cases. The OMPA applies to the BTS3606AE. Ltd. execute the command DLD CBTSSW to load the FPGA software and then CPU software into the OMTR. and the CMTR may interfere with the neighboring channels. 5. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command DSP CBTSSECTORCARRIERINFO to query and record the local cell ID. a five-minute adaptive process is available for the OMTR. Execute the command DSP CBTSBRDSTAT to query the board status. − The RUN indicator flashes at 0. The band and the OMTR channel number of the new OMTR must be consistent with those the removed OMTR. 3.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.. The OMPA operates in the same band as the OMTR does.8 Replacing the OMPA The OMPA is a multi-carrier power amplifier module. Step 8 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the carrier paired with the OMTR.” ----End 4. If the replacement fails. Execute the command DSP RES to query the carrier that the OMTR uses.

Ltd. 2. you must block all the carriers that the OMTR uses. Remove the OMPA. 3. Take the new OMPA out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new OMPA is not damaged. Step 4 Remove the OMPA by performing the following steps: 1. If the replacement fails.. Insert the RF cable into the port on the panel of the new OMPA based on the label. 2.. Fasten the screws on the panel. locate the faults. the replacement succeeds. Perform service verification and calibration test on the carrier of the RF module in which the OMPA is located. 4. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. 4 Parts Replacement Execute the command DSP RES to check whether the carrier paired with the OMPA is Block. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. 93 . Remove the screws on the board panel. Hold the OMPA and insert the OMPA along the guide rail. Put the OMPA into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box. 4. Step 5 Install the new OMPA by performing the following steps: 1.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 2. 3. CAUTION When you block the OMPA. 2. − The RUN indicator flashes at 0. Step 6 Execute the command UBL RES to unblock the ODU paired with the OMPA. Step 3 Power off the ODU paired with the OMPA. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. Check the indicator on the panel of the OMPA. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.5 Hz. In normal cases. − The ALM indicator is OFF. − The ACT indicator is ON. Step 7 Verify the replacement by performing the following steps: 1. 5. Label the RF cable on the panel of the OMPA and then remove it. − The version and the band of the new OMPA are consistent with those of the removed OMPA.

6. a five-minute adaptive process is available for the OMPA.3. During the five minutes. 94 . Ltd.” ----End 4. the specifications of the transmit signal cannot reach the rated values. refer to the Airbridge BTS3606E&VBTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Installation Manual – Software Installation&System Commissioning. To replace the backplane. refer to:  The Airbridge BTS3606E CDMA Base Station Cabinet Installation Guide  The Airbridge BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Cabinet Installation Guide Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. For details of forward power test. Step 2 Remove the rear door of the cabinet. Replacing the backplane interrupts services of the entire BTS..6 Replacing Accessories This section describes:  Replacing Backplane  Replacing the PSUDC/DC  Replacing PSUAC/DC  Replacing the PMU  Replacing the CFAN  Replacing the CESP  Replacing the CSLM  Replacing the AC Lightning Arrester  Replacing the Internal Storage Batteries  Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Cabinet Side of the BTS3606E  Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Cabinet Side of the BTS3606AE  Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Antenna Side  Replacing Hot-Swappable Optical Module 4.. and the OMPA may interfere with the neighboring channels. For details. perform the following steps: Step 1 Power off the BTS. refer to 4. For the procedure for removing the rear door of the cabinet. Handle the faulty OMPA in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Step 8 Handle the faulty OMPA.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement After the software loading is complete.1 Replacing Backplane The BTS3606E uses the following two types of backplane:  Baseband backplane module (BBKM)  Compact-BTS transceiver backplane module (CTBM) The BTS3606AE uses only the BBKM.

If the screws drop in the cabinet. Align the new backplane with the screw holes and use the screws to fasten the backplane onto the subrack. 4. Connect all the cables correctly according to the recorded sequence. Take the new backplane out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new backplane is not damaged. alarm cable.. and power supply cable. Put the backplane into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box. 6. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Check the equipment panel. refer to:  The Airbridge BTS3606E CDMA Base Station Cabinet Installation Guide  The Airbridge BTS3606AE CDMA Base Station Cabinet Installation Guide Step 6 Switch on the power supply of the BTS. Step 5 Install the rear door of cabinet. Switch on the power supply of the BTS. Remove the cables. Put away the screws and avoid dropping the screws in the cabinet. 95 . Step 7 Verify the replacement by performing the following steps: 1. 7. Install the boards or modules based on the recorded slot numbers. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Remove the screws that fasten the backplane onto the cabinet.. CAUTION The backplane is large and heavy. To prevent any accident. Ensure that the settings of the jumpers and DIP switches of the new board are the same as those of the one removed. − The version of the new backplane is consistent with that of the removed backplane. such as the data cable. 2. 3. If the new backplane is normal. 4. 2. Remove the cables on the boards or modules that connect to the backplane and record the cable positions. ask for assistants to help you remove or install the backplane. 3. Connect all the cables on the boards or modules based on the recorded cable connections. Remove the boards or modules that connect to the backplane and record the slot numbers of the boards. Record the cable connections and the connection orders. on the backplane. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. Remove the backplane. 5. Step 4 Install the new backplane by performing the following steps: 1. 5. For the procedure for installing the rear door of the cabinet. 7. short-circuit may occur after the BTS is powered on. Power off the BTS and proceed with the following steps. Ltd. 6.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 3 Remove the faulty backplane by performing the following steps: 1.

Remove the screws on the board panel.. If the replacement fails.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement The status of the boards or modules on the new backplane must be normal. − The hardware version of the new PSUDC/DC is consistent with that of the PSUDC/DC removed.  The Alm indicator (red) is OFF. Take the new PSCDC/DC out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new PSUDC/DC is not damaged. Step 4 Handle the faulty PSUDC/DC. 4. If the indicators are normal and no alarm exists. 2. Verify the BTS services.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Step 8 Handle the faulty backplane.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.” ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. locate the faults. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. refer to 4. 96 . the replacement succeeds. In normal cases. Handle the faulty PSUDC/DC in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Insert the module along the guide rail. Ltd. For details. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface.” ----End 4. For details. the replacement succeeds. Put the PSUDC/DC into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box.  The Vin indicator (green) and the Vo indicator (green) are ON. 3. Remove the PSUDC/DC.6.3. locate the faults.3. Fasten the screws on the panel. Handle the faulty backplane in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Step 2 Install the new PSUDC/DC by performing the following steps: 1.. Step 3 Verify the replacement by checking the indicators of the PSUDC/DC. 2. To replace the PSUDC/DC. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty PSUDC/DC by performing the following steps: 1. If the results are normal and no alarm exists. 2. refer to 4.2 Replacing the PSUDC/DC Replacing one PSUDC/DC does not affect the services of the BTS because the PSUDC/DC operates in n+1 backup mode. If the replacement fails. 3.

3. In normal cases.” ----End 4. If the indicators are normal and no alarm exists. Since the PSUAC/DC functions in n + 1 backup mode. − The hardware version of the new PSUAC/DC is consistent with that of the PSUAC/DC removed. the replacement of a PSUAC/DC does not affect services. Fasten the screws on the handle.  The Mon indicator (yellow) and Alm indicator (red) are OFF. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty PMU by performing the following steps: 1. To replace the PMU. Loosen the screws that fix the handle of the PMU. Put the PSUAC/DC into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box.4 Replacing the PMU When the BTS3606AE uses AC power supply.6. 3. 2. 4. 97 . 2. To replace the PSUAC/DC..6. 3. Step 4 Handle the faulty PSUAC/DC. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty PSUAC/DC by performing the following steps: 1. Hold the handle to remove the PSUAC/DC along the guide rail. refer to 4. If the replacement fails. Handle the faulty PSUAC/DC in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. For details. 2. 3. 4.  The Vin indicator (green) is ON. Take the new PSCAC/DC out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new PSUAC/DC is not damaged.3 Replacing PSUAC/DC The PSUAC/DC is configured for the BTS3606AE. Loosen the screws that fix the handle of the PSUAC/DC.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Step 2 Install the new PSUAC/DC by performing the following steps: 1. the replacement succeeds. Push up the handle to prevent the PSUAC/DC from moving. Step 3 Verify the replacement by checking the indicators of the PSUAC/DC. the PMU is used to manage PSUs and environment monitoring equipment. but does not affect the power supply. Hold the handle to remove the PMU along the guide rail.. Wear an ESD wrist strap and ensure proper grounding of the ESD wrist strap.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 4. Wear an ESD wrist strap and ensure proper grounding of the ESD wrist strap. locate the faults. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Insert the module along the guide rail. The replacement of the PMU affects the monitoring task.

Step 3 Verify the replacement by checking the indicators of the PMU. − The hardware version of the new PMU is consistent with that of the PMU removed. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet.6. If the replacement fails. Put the CFAN into an antistatic packing box and then into an antistatic packing box. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty CFAN by performing the following steps: 1. Fasten the screws on the handle. Replacing the CFAN affects the heat dissipation of the baseband subrack.. If the indicators are normal and no alarm exists. 98 . Step 2 Install the new CFAN by performing the following steps: 1. In normal cases. 3. 5. 2. replace the CFAN quickly. 2. Remove the screws on the two sides of the CFAN. 4.  The RUN indicator flashes at 1 Hz. To avoid this. locate the faults. Step 2 Install the new PMU by performing the following steps: 1.. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Take the new CFAN out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Take the new PMU out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new PMU is not damaged. To replace the CFAN. 4 Parts Replacement Put the PMU into an antistatic bag and then into an antistatic packing box. Execute DSP CBTSBRDVER and DSP CBTSPMUPWRCTRLPARA to query the PMU version and control parameters. Step 4 Handle the faulty PMU. Set the DIP switches of the new PMU according to the DIP settings of the original PMU. the replacement succeeds.  The Alm indicator (red) is OFF.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4.3. refer to 4. For details.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Handle the faulty PMU in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled.” ----End 4. 4.5 Replacing the CFAN The CFAN is a baseband fan module that is located beneath the baseband subrack. It is a downdraught cooler of the baseband subrack. Insert the module along the guide rail. Ensure that the version of the PMU is correct and that the PMU is operational. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. Hold the groove on the front part of the CFAN and remove the CFAN along the guide rail. 3. Ltd. Push up the handle to prevent the PMU from moving.

Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. In the BTS3606AE cabinet. This step is only applied to the BTS3606AE. Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.3. For details. 6. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty CESP by performing the following steps: 1.” ----End 4. locate the faults. In the BTS3606E cabinet. the CESP is located at the top of the cabinet. Step 3 Verify the replacement.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Remove the panel of the E1 lightning protection box. 4. If the replacement fails. 4. Step 4 Handle the faulty CFAN. Ensure that the settings of the DIP switches on the new CESP are the same as those of the one removed.6 Replacing the CESP The CESP implements lightning protection for E1/T1 trunks. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface.6. 3. 2. If the CFAN indicator is green and no alarm exists. Ltd. Remove the CESP. refer to 4. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Take the new CESP out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new CESP is not damaged. 2. 3..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement − The new CFAN is not damaged.. the replacement succeeds. Hold the module and insert the module along the slot. Handle the faulty CFAN in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Ensure that the settings of the DIP switches on the new FMUA are the same as those of the one removed. − The version of the new CESP is consistent with those of the CESP removed. To replace the CESP. Step 2 Install the CESP by performing the following steps: 1. Replacing the CESP interrupts the traffic and signaling links over the E1/T1 trunks that use the CESP. Remove the trunk cable on the two DB25 ports and label the trunk cable. 99 . 5. Remove the screws on the two sides of the CESP. Push the groover into the front part of the CFAN. − The type and version of the fan monitor unit (FMUA) and fan monitor interface board (FMIB) of the new CFAN are consistent with those of the CFAN removed. 2. Fasten the screws on the two sides of the CFAN. Put the CESP into an antistatic packing box and then into an antistatic packing box. the CESP is located beneath the lightning protection box. 5.

Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. Connect the trunk cable to the DB25 port. Handle the faulty CESP in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. locate the faults. Take the new CSLM out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new CSLM is not damaged. refer to 4. To prevent the BTS services from being affected. This step is only applied to the BTS3606AE. 2. Remove the cables on the CSLM and label the cables. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ensure that the panel is aligned with the subrack surface. Step 3 Verify the replacement. Insert the CSLM along the slot. 100 .  If the BTS uses the RGPS as its reference clock. Step 4 Handle the faulty CESP. 5.. Execute the command DSP CBTSLNKSTAT to query the link status.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. Fasten the screws on the CSLM. To replace the CSLM. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty CSLM by performing the following steps: 1. 3. 4.” ----End 4. 4. replace the CSLM quickly. Insert the cables into the port on the panel of the CSLM. the replacement succeeds. If the replacement fails.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 3. If the status of the E1/T1 links is Normal and no alarm exists. 5. the clock is lost during the replacement. For details. Put the CSLM into an antistatic packing box and then into an antistatic packing box.. Insert the module along the slot. Step 2 Install the new CSLM by performing the following steps: 1. 4. Replacing the CSLM has the following impacts:  The EAC cannot report the environment monitoring information to the BTS. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. − The version of the new CSLM is consistent with that of the CSLM removed. Fasten the screws on the two sides of the CESP. 2. The CSLM is only applicable to the BTS3606E and is located beside the CESP. Remove the screws on the two sides of the CSLM. Install the panel of the lightning protection box.7 Replacing the CSLM The CSLM protects the environment alarm chest (EAC) and external clock interfaces against the surge.3. 6. Step 3 Verify the replacement. Ltd.6. 3. Remove the CSLM.

5. For details. − The version of the new lightning arrester is consistent with that of the lightning arrester removed. Install the mount rail and grounding copper busbar on the new lightning arrester.. Check whether there are alarms. 101 . To replace the AC lightning arrester. remove it) 2.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Execute the command DSP CBTSENVPARA to check the ambient temperature and humidity. The AC lightning arrester is located in the lightning and filtering unit at the left side of the AC BBC.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. If there are. If the replacement fails. perform the following steps: 1. locate the faults. Take the new lightning arrester out of the antistatic packing box the and ensure that: − The new lightning arrester is not damaged. 2. Step 2 Loosen the screws on the cover of the AC lightning and filtering unit and remove the cover. 3. If there are no alarms. Complete the cabling according to the marks (if the original lightning arrester has shorted sheets. PE and N. 3. Step 7 Verify the replacement. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Step 4 To install the new lightning arrester. L3. the replacement succeeds. If there are alarms. If the BTS3606AE has spare power supply. Step 5 Install the cover of the lightning and filtering unit. If the query result is correct and no alarm exists. perform the following steps: Step 1 Cut off the power supply of the BTS3606AE. Step 4 Handle the faulty CSLM. L2. refer to 4. Step 6 Power on the BTS3606AE. the replacement of the AC lightning arrester does not affect services.” ----End 4. and then the mount rail. Use the multimeter to check whether there short circuits exist between lines L1. 4. locate the faults.. Ltd. Remove all the cables that are connected to the lightning arrester and mark the cabling relations (if shorted sheet is used.3. Remove the mount rail and grounding copper busbar from the lightning arrester. Loosen the screws on both sides of the mount rail and remove the lightning arrester. the replacement succeeds.8 Replacing the AC Lightning Arrester The AC lightning arrester is used for the AC BBC of the BTS3606AE. Handle the faulty CSLM in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled.6. correct the cabling. Step 3 To remove the faulty lightning arrester. perform the following steps: 1. Install the mount rail and the new lightning arrester in the lightning and filtering unit. install the shorted sheets).

Ensure that the new storage batteries are intact and that the model of the new storage batteries is correct.. When the AC power supply is normal. and the mark the cabling relations. 102 . 5. perform the following steps: 1. Connect the connection cables of the storage batteries.9 Replacing the Internal Storage Batteries The storage battery subrack is located in the left bottom part of the AC BBC of the BTS3606AE. Step 2 Loosen the screws on the storage battery panel. and then pull out the guide rail. Loosen the three M6 screws that fix the guide rail in the storage battery subrack. Connect the charge/discharge cable and temperature monitoring cables of the storage batteries. the replacement of the internal storage batteries does not affect services. Handle the faulty lightning arrester in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. 2. and the mark the cabling relations. 4.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement Step 8 Handle the faulty lightning arrester.6.  Take measures to prevent short circuits in the storage batteries and electrolyte spill/loss. perform the following steps: 1. WARNING  Use insulation tools when removing or installing the storage batteries. Remove the connection cables of the storage batteries. perform the following steps: Step 1 On the left side of the storage battery subrack. 4. refer to 4. and then remove the panel. 2. A maximum of four storage batteries can be configured. 3. Remove the storage batteries cautiously. For details.  Use heat-shrink sleeves to protect the connect terminals of storage batteries that are not used.  Ensure that the charge/discharge cables and temperature monitoring cable of the storage batteries are removed before the connection cables are removed. Step 3 To remove the old storage batteries.3. Step 4 To install the new storage batteries. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. set the BAT switch to OFF. Push the storage batteries into the storage battery subrack along the guide rail.. and put in the new storage batteries.” ----End 4. Ltd. To replace the internal storage batteries. Pull out the guide rail from the storage battery subrack. Check the new storage batteries. Remove the charge/discharge cables and temperature monitoring cables of the storage batteries. 3.

 Ensure that the cabling is correct. daub the external connection terminals of the batteries with silica gel and use protective caps to protect the internal connection terminals.. Figure 4-4 Storage battery cabling - + - + + +24 V DC - GND - + - + Temperature monitoring cable Step 5 Use the screws to install the storage battery panel. If there are no alarms. the BTS will lose the clock reference source temporarily. Ltd. Recycle the old storage batteries to prevent environmental pollution.10 Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Cabinet Side of the BTS3606E A lightning arrester of the satellite antenna is installed on the top of the BTS3606E cabinet to protect the satellite receiver and the BCKM from lightning strokes. 103 . Step 8 Handle the old storage batteries. replace the lightning arrester quickly. set the BAT switch to ON. ----End 4. Step 7 Verify the replacement Check whether there are alarms. Step 6 On the left side of the storage battery subrack. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6. WARNING  Ensure that the connection cables are connected before the charge/discharge cables and temperature monitoring cables of the storage batteries are connected. To prevent the BTS services from being affected. If there are alarms..  During the installation of new storage batteries. 4 Parts Replacement Use the screws to fix the guide rail. If the lightning arrester is replaced. Figure 4-4 shows the storage battery cabling. locate the faults. the replacement succeeds.6.

3. Step 2 Install the new lightning arrester by performing the following steps: 1. Remove the jumpers that connect to the two sides of the lightning arrester and record the instillation direction of the lightning arrester.. If the replacement fails. Step 3 Verify the replacement. Step 4 Handle the faulty lightning arrester. Put the new lightning arrester into the rails of the lightning protection subrack based on the installation direction recorded.11 Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Cabinet Side of the BTS3606AE A lightning arrester of the satellite antenna is installed in the E1 lightning protection box of the BTS3606AE cabinet to protect the satellite receiver and the BCKM from lightning strokes. Remove the feeder that connects to the lightning arrester. Ensure that the type of the new lightning arrester is the same as that of the one removed. Ltd. If no alarm is generated. refer to 4. Remove the lightning arrester and put it into a packing box. Check the BTS alarms.6. the BTS3606AE will lose the clock reference source temporarily. Remove the screws on the lightning arrester and remove the lightning arrester. 104 . Put the lightning arrester into a packing box. the replacement succeeds. 2. If the lightning arrester is replaced. To replace the lightning arrester at the cabinet side of the BTS3606AE. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the lightning arrester by performing the following steps: 1. Remove the panel of the E1 lightning protection box. Connect the feeders to the port of the lightning arrester. To prevent the BTS3606AE services from being affected.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. 3. Ensure that the type of the new lightning arrester is the same as that of the one removed. 4. Install the new lightning arrester on the top of the cabinet. 2. Take out the new lightning arrester. Take out the new lightning arrester. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty lightning arrester by performing the following steps: 1. replace the lightning arrester quickly. Handle the faulty lightning arrester in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. 3. Step 2 Install the new lightning arrester by performing the following steps: 1.” ----End 4. locate the faults.3. 2..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement To replace the lightning arrester at the cabinet side of the BTS3606E. 4. 2. For details. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

” Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. 5. Put the lightning arrestee into a packing box. To avoid affecting the BTS services. Step 3 Query the BTS alarm to verify the replacement.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement 4. If an alarm is generated. locate the faults. 6.. To replace the lightning arrester of the satellite antenna at the antenna side. the replacement succeeds.3. If no alarm is generated. Step 4 Handle the faulty lightning arrester. Step 3 Query the BTS alarms to verify the replacement. If the lightning arrester is replaced. Waterproof the two connectors. If no alarm is generated. Step 4 Handle the faulty lightning arrester. The lightning arrester is connected to the BTS through the jumper. Step 2 Install the new lightning arrester by performing the following steps: 1. The satellite antenna is connected to the lightning arrester through the jumper. 4. 5. Ensure that the type of the new lightning arrester is consistent with the one removed. Remove the waterproof tape on the connectors of the faulty lightning arrester. Use a screw to fasten the lightning arrester. Insert the jumper of the GPS antenna into the Protect port (upwards) of the new lightning arrester and insert the jumper of the cabinet into the Surge port (downwards). perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty lightning arrester by performing the following steps: 1.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.. the BTS will lose the clock reference source temporarily. locate the fault. Connect the jumper to the two sides of the lightning arrester. Take out the new lightning arrester. 6.” ----End 4. 2. replace the lightning arrester quickly. For details. 3. For details. the replacement succeeds. refer to 4.3. Install the panel of the E1 lightening protection box.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board. 4. Disconnect the jumper from the ports of the lightning arrester.12 Replacing Lightning Arrester of Satellite Antenna at the Antenna Side The lightning arrester of the satellite antenna at the antenna side is fastened on the antenna support. 105 . Handle the faulty lightning arrester in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Remove the lightning arrester from the pallet. Handle the faulty lightning arrester in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled. Fasten the new lightning arrester. Ltd.6. Connect the jumpers on the two sides of the lightning arrester. 2. 3. If the replacement fails. refer to 4.

After you insert the removed optical fiber into the optical module. 3.6. Hold the front panel on the optical module.4 “Removing the Faults in the Board.. To replace the hot. Hold the front panel on the optical module and remove the optical module. Insert the optical module along the slot of the CCPM/CECM until the optical module is in position.. 3. Handle the faulty optical module in the same procedure as a faulty board is handled.” ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Step 2 Install the new optical module by performing the following steps: 1. 5. 106 . Label the optical fiber. QCK2CECM and QCK3CECM. the replacement succeeds if the following conditions are met:  TX and RX indicators are ON. For details. Put the optical module into an antistatic packing box and then into an antistatic packing box. Insert the removed optical fiber into the optical module based on the label. Step 4 Handle the faulty optical module. Wear an ESD wrist strap and insert the grounding plug into the antistatic jack on the cabinet. Ensure that the type of the new optical module is consistent with the one removed. 5.  No alarm is generated. 2. 4. 4. Take out the new optical module from the antistatic box.swappable optical module.3.13 Replacing Hot-Swappable Optical Module The hot-swappable optical module applies to the QCK2CCPM. perform the following steps: Step 1 Remove the faulty optical module by performing the following steps: 1. Ltd. 2. Remove the optical fiber and cover it with a dust-proof cap. Replacing the hot-swappable optical module interrupts the service of the CCPM/CECM. Step 3 Verify the replacement.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 4 Parts Replacement ----End 4. refer to 4.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.1 Local Maintenance Software The local maintenance software of the BTS consists of:  LMT software As preferred software of routine maintenance.1 About This Chapter The following table lists the contents of this chapter.. You can start the LMT software through the workstation (WS) or the M2000.2 Local Maintenance This section describes:  Local Maintenance Software  Local Maintenance Modes 5. 107 . 5.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M 5 Routine O&M 5.2.  Telnet client software As an assistant tool. − Special test operations are required. Ltd. 5. the Telnet client software is used to maintain a single BTS.2 Local Maintenance Describes the local maintenance. It functions only on the following conditions: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) − When the LMT software is unavailable. the LMT software is used to maintain the whole BSS.3 Routine Operations Describes the routine operations.. Section Describes 5.

refer to 5. For details.1 Starting the LMT Starting the LMT is described here.3.  Log in to and maintain the BTS in Telnet mode. Operation Procedure To start the LMT.3.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M 5.2 Local Maintenance Modes The following two modes are available for maintaining the BTS:  Log in to the BAM to maintain the BTS.. If the M2000 is installed with the O&M software of the BTS. Task Description You can log in to the BAM through the LMT.3 Routine Operations This section describes:  Starting the LMT  Logging in to the BTS Locally in Telnet Mode  Logging in to the BTS Remotely in Telnet Mode  Starting Reverse Maintenance  Testing Connection of E1/T1 Links  Checking Abis Transmission Link  Checking the Quality of Abis Transmission Link 5. you can start the LMT on the M2000." 5.  Log in to the BAM through local maintenance system.2 "Logging in to the BTS Locally in Telnet Mode.  The LMT is installed with the O&M software of the LMT.2.. two modes are available:  Log in to the BAM through the local maintenance system. Prerequisites To start the LMT. To log in to the BAM. refer to 5. For details.  The network connection between the LMT and BAM is normal. perform the following steps: Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. ensure that:  The BAM server is operational." Only valid users can maintain and operate the BAM. Ltd.3. 108 . refer to the related manual of the iManager M2000. For details.1 "Starting the LMT.

16. To log in to the BTS locally in the Telnet mode.0. Task Description You can log in to the BTS locally in Telnet mode. Step 2 Start the Telnet client and use the following username and password to log in to the OMU:  Username: system  Initial password: system Step 3 Execute the command opnday to enable type-ahead function. 109 ..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M Step 1 Select Start > Programs > iManager M2000 > LocalWS. perform the following steps: Step 1 Use crossover cables to connect the portable computer and the BCKM Ethernet port. ensure that:  The WS and BCKM are in the same TCP/IP network. ----End 5.exe of the Telnet client software in the Windows XP system as an example. Step 3 Select the BAM that is to be logged in to.0. The system starts the service maintenance system and the User Login dialog box appears.. The procedure varies according to the Telnet client software.255. Step 2 Click Configure to add the IP address of the BAM. The IP address of the WS and that of BCKM Ethernet port must be in the same network segment.16 and the subnet mask is 255. Ltd. CAUTION When the WS and BCKM are connected. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Prerequisites To log in to the BTS locally in the Telnet mode. use crossover cables to connect the WS and the BCKM Ethernet port. Operation Procedure The procedure described here takes Telnet. Step 5 Click OK.  The communication between the WS and BCKM is normal. By default.3.16. Step 4 Enter the valid user name and password. the IP address of the BCKM Ethernet port is 172. The Local NE Management System dialog box appears.2 Logging in to the BTS Locally in Telnet Mode Logging in to the BTS locally in the Telnet mode is described here.

The port refers to the port number set in step 1.. ----End 5. the BTS Telnet agent stops automatically. The procedure varies according to the Telnet client software. When the operational time of the Telnet agent reaches the duration set in step 1. Step 5 Execute the MML commands in the Telnet window to maintain the BTS. Task Description You can log in to the BTS remotely in Telnet mode. use the following user name and password to log in to the BTS:  Username: system  Initial password: system Step 4 Execute the command opnday to enable type-ahead function. To log in to the BTS remotely in the Telnet mode.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M Step 4 Execute the MML commands in the Telnet window to maintain the BTS.. execute the command STR BTSTELPROXY to enable a Telnet agent for the BTS to be maintained. Ltd. Step 6 After the maintenance is complete. perform the following steps: Step 1 In the service maintenance system. Prerequisites To log in to the BTS remotely in the Telnet mode. ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.exe of the Telnet client software in the Windows XP system as an example. Operation Procedure The procedure described here takes Telnet. execute the command telnet hostname port.3 Logging in to the BTS Remotely in Telnet Mode Logging in to the BTS remotely in the Telnet mode is described here. close the Telnet window. execute the command STP BTSTELPROXY to stop the BTS Telnet agent.  The communication between the WS and BAM is normal. Step 5 After the maintenance is complete. ensure that:  The WS and BAM are in the same TCP/IP network. The Telnet window is displayed and the Telnet is connecting to the BCKM. The hostname refers to the IP address of the BAM.3. Step 2 In the Run dialog box. close the Telnet window. Step 3 After the Telnet is connected to the BCKM. 110 . Step 7 In the service maintenance system.

you can start the LMT to perform reverse maintenance over the entire cBSS. Step 3 At the WS of the BCKM side. Step 6 Exit the LMT software. execute the command STR CBTSRVSMNT to start the reverse maintenance. Prerequisites To start reverse maintenance. add the WS and set the command authority for the WS at the BCKM side. The IP address of the WS and that of the BCKM Ethernet port must be in the same network segment.0. Step 2 At the WS of the BAM side. 111 .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M 5.3. Step 5 After the maintenance is complete. Step 4 Use the LMT software to maintain the BSS system. execute the command STP CBTSRVSMNT to stop the reverse maintenance.0. use crossover cables to connect the WS with the BCKM Ethernet port. By default. the IP address of the BCKM Ethernet port is 172.16) of the BCKM Ethernet port rather than the real IP address of the BAM. The IP address that you set when adding a WS must be the maintenance IP address of the BTS rather than the real IP address of the WS. ----End Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Operation Procedure To perform reverse maintenance. CAUTION When the WS and BCKM are connected. Task Description When the WS installed with the LMT software and the BCKM are in the same TCP/IP network..16 and the subnet mask is 255. ensure that:  The WS and BCKM are in the same TCP/IP network. The BAM IP address that you set when logging into the BAM must be the IP address (172.4 Starting Reverse Maintenance The reverse maintenance is described here. run the near-end NE management system or LMT software to log in to the BTS. perform the following steps: Step 1 At the WS of the BAM side. Ltd.16.16.255.  The communication between the WS and BCKM is normal.16.16..

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

5 Routine O&M

5.3.5 Testing Connection of E1/T1 Links
Testing connections of E1/T links is described here.

Task Description
Execute the command SET TRTEST to test if the E1/T1 link has cross-connected lines.

Operation Procedure
To test the E1/T1 link connection, perform the following steps:
Step 1 Execute the command SET TRTEST to check if the E1/T1 is misconnected.
Step 2 Execute the command DSP TRTEST to view the result of step 1.
For example, start an E1/T1 link connection test with the following prosperities:

Subrack number:5

Slot number: 0

E1 number: 2

The system displays:
%%SET TRTEST: FN=5, SN=SLOT0, LNKNO=2;%%
RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded
Execution Result
---------------Startup result = Successful
(Record Number = 1)
Total Reports: 1
---END
%%DSP TRTEST: FN=5, SN=SLOT0, LNKNO=2;%%
RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded
Query Result
-----------Subrack No.Slot No.Link No.Test result
50 2 link no error
(Record Number = 1)
Total Reports: 1
---END

For example, start an E1/T1 link connection test with the following prosperities:

Subrack number:5

Slot number: 0

E1 number: 2

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

112

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

5 Routine O&M

The system displays:
%%SET TRTEST: FN=5, SN=SLOT0, LNKNO=2;%%
RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded
Execution Result
---------------Startup result = Successful
(Record Number = 1)
Total Reports: 1
---END
%%DSP TRTEST: FN=5, SN=SLOT0, LNKNO=2;%%
RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded
Query Result
-----------Subrack No.Slot No.Link No.Test result
50 2 link error
(Record Number = 1)
Total Reports: 1
---END

If the E1/T1 link is correctly connected, an alarm of E1/T1 LOS is generated at the BSC side and an
alarm of Far-End Alarm of E1/T1 Link is generated at the BTS side.
If the E1/T1 link is in the self-loop state, the test result is link error.

----End

5.3.6 Checking Abis Transmission Link
Checking Abis transmission link is described here.

Task Description
You can check the Abis transmission link through loopback test.

Operation Procedure
Step 1 Self-loop at the BTS side by performing the following steps:
1.

At the DDF of the BTS side, self-loop the E1/T1 link towards the BTS.

2.

Execute the command STR CBTSLNKDATALP to start a data loopback.

For example, start a data loopback with the following properties:

BTS ID: 10

BCIM ID: 0

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

113

BTS3606E&BTS3606AE
Site Maintenance Guide

5 Routine O&M

Link ID: 0

The number of the test NEs: the default value

The system displays:
+++HW-Airbridge2006-07-27 15:19:24
BMAINTAIN#2856
%%STR BTSLNKDATALP: BTSID=10, BRDID=0, LNKID=0;%%
RETCODE = 0Execution succeeded
Operation Result
---------------BTS Name = BTS10
BTS ID = 10
Board Type = BCIM
Board ID = 0
Execution Result = Activate BTS Link 2Data Loopback Test Succeeded
---END
+++HW-Airbridge2006-07-27 15:19:28
BMAINTAIN#2856
%%STR BTSLNKDATALP: BTSID=10, BRDID=0, LNKID=0;%%
RETCODE = 0Execution succeeded
Operation Result
---------------BTS Name = BTS10
BTS ID = 10
Board Type = BCIM
Board ID = 0
Link No. = 0
Number of Frames Sent = 200
Number of Frames Received = 200
---END

Step 2 Self-loop at the BTS side toward the BSC by performing the following steps:
1.

At the DDF of the BTS side, self-loop the E1/T1 link toward the BSC.

2.

Execute the command LOP E1T1 to start the E1/T1 loopback test.

For example, start an E1 loopback test with the following properties:

Subrack number: 3

Slot number: 0

Link number: 0

Time slot number: 4

The system displays:
+++HW-Airbridge2006-07-27 15:18:31
O&M#2852
%%LOP E1T1: FN=3, SN=SLOT0, BTP=CBIE, LNKNO=0, TSN=4;%%
RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded
Execution Result
---------------StartE1/T1LoopbackTest = Successful
---END

Step 3 Self-loop at the BSC side by performing the following steps:

Issue 04 (2012-06-20)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd..

114

BTP=CBIE. Execute the command LOP E1T1 to start the E1/T1 loopback test.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M 1. At the DDF of the BSC side. For example. 2.%% RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded Execution Result ---------------StartE1/T1LoopbackTest = Successful ---END Step 4 Self-loop at the BSC side toward the BTS by performing the following steps: 1. For example.%% RETCODE = 0Execution succeeded Operation Result Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. start an E1 loopback test with the following properties: − Subrack number: 3 − Slot number: 0 − Link number: 4 − Time slot number: 1 The system displays: +++HW-Airbridge2006-07-27 15:20:31 O&M#2852 %%LOP E1T1: FN=3.. SN=SLOT0. self-loop the E1/T1 link towards the BSC. TSN=1. At the DDF of the BSC side. BRDID=0.%% RETCODE = 0Execution succeeded Operation Result ---------------BTS Name = BTS10 BTS ID = 10 Board Type = BCIM Board ID = 0 Execution Result = Activate BTS Link 0Data Loopback Test Succeeded ---END +++HW-Airbridge2006-07-03 19:51:13 CMAINTAIN#12361 %%STR CBTSLNKDATALP: BTSID=10. 2. 115 . CONFIRM=Y. Execute the command STR CBTSLNKDATALP to start the data loopback. CONFIRM=Y. LNKNO=4.. LNKID=0. LNKID=0. self-loop the E1/T1 link towards the BTS. start a data loopback with the following properties: − BTS ID: 10 − BCIM ID: 0 − Link number: 0 − Number of the tested NEs: the default value The system displays: +++HW-Airbridge2006-07-03 19:50:33 CMAINTAIN#12361 %%STR CBTSLNKDATALP: BTSID=10. BRDID=0. Ltd.

the BER must be below 10–6. Operation Procedure To test the quality of the Abis transmission link. = 0 Number of Frames Sent = 200 Number of Frames Received = 200 ---END ----End Table 5-1 lists the commands for checking the Abis transmission link. Step 4 At the DDF of the BTS side.7 Checking the Quality of Abis Transmission Link Checking the quality of the Abis transmission link is described here. Step 2 At the DDF of the BTS side. STR CBTSLNKDATALP Start a link data loopback. proceed with the following operation. Task Description Use a BER tester to check the quality of the Abis transmission link section by section. Step 3 View the test result.3. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. use the BER tester to test the quality of the transmission link between the DDF and BTS. the quality of the transmission link between the DDF and the BTS is poor. use the BER tester to test the quality of the transmission link between the DDF at the BSC side and the DDF at the BTS side. Step 5 At the DDF of the BSC side. Table 5-1 Commands for checking the Abis transmission link Command Description LOP E1T1 Start an E1/T1 loopback test. perform the following steps: Step 1 Execute the command STR CBTSLNKTST to test the BTS links. self-loop the E1/T1 link towards the BSC. For voice services. For data services. the BER must be below 10–4. 5. If no bit error exists. If bit errors exist. 116 .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M ---------------BTS Name = BTS10 BTS ID = 10 Board Type = BCIM Board ID = 0 Link No.. Ltd.

.. 117 . Step 7 At the DDF of the BSC side. If the BER meet the requirements. the quality of the transmission link between the DDF at the BTS side and the DDF at the BSC side is poor. Ltd. Step 6 Execute the command SET LPBACKE1T1 to set the E1/T1 loopback mode to far-end loopback. the quality of the transmission link between the BSC and the DDF of the BSC side is poor. Table 5-2 Commands for checking the quality of Abis transmission link Command Description STR CBTSLNKTST Test the performance of the transmission link between the BTS and the BSC. SET LPBACKE1T1 Set and cancel the E1/T1 loopback. use the BER tester to test the quality of the transmission link between the DDF of the BSC side and the BSC. ----End Table 5-2 lists the commands for checking the quality of Abis transmission link. proceed with the following operation. If a bit error exists.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 5 Routine O&M If the BER is too high. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.

run the BLK RES command to block all the carriers of the RF unit to which the RF cable is connected. and the CMTR. and the CMTR Describes the connections of the RF cables between the CDDU. O(2). Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. the CMPA. and the CMTR Describes the connections of the RF cables between the IDFU. Figure 6-1 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines.1 About This Chapter The following table lists the contents of this chapter.2 Installing RF Cables Between the CDDU.. Section Describes 6.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix 6 Appendix 6.2 Installing RF Cables Between the CDDU. 6. the CMPA. 118 . the CMPA. Ltd. the CMPA. Then. but the software configurations are different. and the CMTR NOTE  The RF cables between RF modules are installed before delivery. O(1). This section describes the connections of the RF cables in typical configurations. and the CMTR..3 Installing RF Cables Between the IDFU. set the priority to Low so that the services of BTS are not affected.  when replacing the RF cables between RF modules on site. O(3) and O(4)Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner. the CMPA. 6. The contents in this section are used for reference in maintenance.

O(6). and O(8) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner. O(7).. O(3) and O(4) configurations Sector A Sector B Sector C CDDU CMPA TX1 RX1 TX2 RX2 CMTR DRI RF_out RF_in MRI MRO TX Sample TXF O(5). O(2). Ltd. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. but the software configurations are different. Figure 6-2 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-1 O(1). 119 .

O(7). and S(4/4/4) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner.. S(2/2/2). Figure 6-3 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines. and O(8) configurations Sector A CDDU Output CMPA TX1 RX1 TX2 RX2 CMTR DRI MRI MRO RF_in TX Sample TXF Output CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO RF_in TX Sample TXF S(1/1/1). S(3/3/3). Ltd.. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. but the settings of their software parameters are different. O(6).BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-2 O(5). 120 .

. S(2/2/2). but the settings of their software parameters are different. S(3/3/3). Ltd. S(5/5/5). S(7/7/7). Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and S(8/8/8) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner. S(3/3/3) and S(4/4/4) configurations Sector A Sector B CDDU CDDU Sample RX1 TX1 RX1 TX1 RX1 TX2 RX2 TX2 RX2 TX2 RX2 CMTR DRI CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRI MRO MRO TX RF_in TXF Sample Output RF_in CDDU TX1 Output Output CMPA Sector C CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO TX RF_in TX TXF Sample TXF S(2/2/2). 121 . Figure 6-4 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines. S(4/4/4). S(6/6/6)..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-3 S(1/1/1).

O(3). and O(4) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner.. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. and the CMTR NOTE  The RF cables between RF modules are installed before delivery. 122 . O(2). and S(8/8/8) configurations Sector A Sector B Sector C CDDU CDDU CDDU TX1 RX1 TX1 RX1 TX2 RX2 TX2 RX2 TX2 RX2 CMPA CMTR DRI CMPA CMTR DRI CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRI MRO MRO RF_in TX RF_in TX Sample TXF Sample TXF DRI RF_in Sample CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO RF_in TX Sample Output CMTR Output Output CMPA Output RX1 Output Output TX1 TXF CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRI MRI MRO MRO MRO TX TXF RF_in Sample TX TXF RF_in Sample TX TXF 6.  when replacing the RF cables between RF modules on site. O(1). but the software configurations are different. S(3/3/3). S(4/4/4).BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-4 S(2/2/2). The contents in this section are used for reference in maintenance. set the priority to Low so that the services of BTS are not affected. Then. Ltd. S(5/5/5). This section describes the connections of the RF cables in typical configurations. the CMPA. and S(6/6/6).3 Installing RF Cables Between the IDFU. S(7/7/7). Figure 6-5 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines.. run the BLK RES command to block all the carriers of the RF unit to which the RF cable is connected.

. O(2). O(7) and O(8)configurations Sector A IDFU RXD RXM TX Sector B Sector C IDFU TXF RXD TXF Pr RXM Pr Pf TX Pf Output CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO RF_in TX Sample TXF Output CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO Issue 04 (2012-06-20) RF_in TX Sample TXF Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-5 O(1). O(7) and O(8) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner. Figure 6-6 O(4). O(3) and O(4) configurations Sector A Sector B Sector C IDFU RXD TXF RXM Pr TX Pf Output CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO RF_in TX Sample TXF O(4). O(5). O(5). O(6). Ltd. Figure 6-6 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines. but the software configurations are different.. and O(6). 123 .

124 . Ltd.. S(3/3/3). S(3/3/3). Figure 6-7 S(1/1/1). but the software configurations are different. S(2/2/2). Figure 6-8 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines. S(6/6/6). S(2/2/2). Figure 6-7 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines. and S(4/4/4) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner. and S(4/4/4) configurations Sector A Sector B IDFU Sector C IDFU RXD IDFU RXD RXD TXF TXF RXM RXM TXF RXM Pr Pr TX TX DRI CMPA MRI Pf CMTR DRI Output CMTR Output Output CMPA Pr TX Pf Pf CMPA MRI MRI MRO CMTR DRI MRO MRO RF_in TX RF_in TX RF_in TX Sample TXF Sample TXF Sample TXF S(5/5/5). S(7/7/7) and S(8/8/8) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner.BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix S(1/1/1). Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co.. but the software configurations are different.

but the software configurations are different. and S(4/4/4)+ S(4/4/4) Configurations The RF cables for these configuration types are connected in the same manner.. S(1/1/1)+S(1/1/1). S(3/3/3/3/3/3). and S(6/6/6).BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-8 S(5/5/5). S(2/2/2/2/2/2). Ltd. S(2/2/2)+S(2/2/2). S(3/3/3)+S(3/3/3).. S(7/7/7) and S(8/8/8) configurations Sector A IDFU Sector B IDFU RXD IDFU RXD TXF RXM Pr TX Pf IDFU RXD Pr RXM TX Pf TX Pr Pf RXD TXF TXF RXM Pr RXM TX Pf TX CMTR DRI MRI MRI MRO MRO Pr Pf Output CMPA IDFU RXD TXF RXM CMTR DRI IDFU RXD TXF Output Output CMPA Sector C CMPA TXF RXM Pr TX Pf CMTR DRI MRI MRO TX RF_in TX RF_in TX Sample TXF Sample TXF Sample TXF CMTR DRI Output CMTR DRI Output Output RF_in CMPA MRI S ample TX TXF CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO RF_in CMPA MRI MRO RF_in S ample TX TXF MRO RF_in S ample TX TXF S(1/1/1/1/1/1). 125 . Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Figure 6-9 shows the RF cable connections as indicated by the blue lines.

S(3/3/3/3/3/3).BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide 6 Appendix Figure 6-9 S(1/1/1/1/1/1). S(4/4/4)+ S(4/4/4) configurations Sector A Sector B IDFU RXD RXM TX IDFU TXF Pr Pf TX TXF Pr RXM Pf TX RXD Pr RXM Pf TX CMPA TXF Pr RXM Pf TX CMTR DRI MRI MRI MRO MRO TX RF_in TXF Sample CMPA Pr TX Pf CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO TX TXF TXF CMTR DRI MRO TXF Pr Pf Sample MRI Sample TXF RXM RF_in MRO RF_in RXD TX MRI TX IDFU TXF Outputt CMTR DRI Sector F IDFU RXD Outputt CMTR DRI Sector E IDFU TXF Outputt Outputt Issue 04 (2012-06-20) CMPA Sector D IDFU RXD Outputt Outputt CMPA Sample Sample RXD RXM RF_in RF_in Sector C CMPA CMTR DRI MRI MRO TX RF_in TX TXF Sample TXF Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.. 126 . S(2/2/2)+S(2/2/2).. and S(3/3/3)+S(3/3/3). S(1/1/1)+S(1/1/1). S(2/2/2/2/2/2).

127 . Ltd... 3.. JPG] Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. zip. doc. lwp. htm. HTM. jpg. .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide A Troubleshooting Record A Troubleshooting Record Title [Service type (optional) + Cause + Symptom] Symptom description [Mandatory] Version information (including the version information of interconnected equipment of other suppliers): Networking description: Fault description Alarm information [Optional] Cause analysis [Mandatory] Troubleshooting procedures: 1. bmp. pdf. rtf. 2. HTML.. Summary Attachment [Optional. 123. html. One attachment only] File name of the attachment: [Acceptable format: txt.

. 128 ..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide A Troubleshooting Record Related information [Optional] Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

25MHz carrier Evolution .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide B Acronyms and Abbreviations B Acronyms and Abbreviations 1 1xEV-DO Single 1. Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. C CBIE CDMA BaseStation Interface Equipment CBPE CDMA Abis Interface Packet Equipment over E1 CBPF CDMA Abis Interface Packet Equipment over FE CCPM Compact-BTS Channel Process Module CDDU Compact-BTS Dual Duplexer Unit CDFU Compact-BTS Dual Filter Unite CDMA Code Division Multiple Access. Ltd.. 129 .Data Optimized A ABIS Abis Interface B BAM Back Administration Module BBKM Baseband Backplane Module BCIM BTS Control Interface Module BCKM BTS Clock Module CESP Compact-BTS E1 Surge Protector BOOTP Bootstrap Protocol BSC Base Station Controller BSS Base Station Subsystem..

130 .. I IP Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Internet Protocol Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide B Acronyms and Abbreviations CE Channel Element CECM Compact-BTS EVDO Channel Module CFAN Compact-BTS Fan Monitor Module HPCM Compact-BTS CIPS CDMA Integrated Processing Subrack CLPC CDMA Line Processing Unit CMPU CDMA Main Processing Unit CMUX CDMA system MUltipleXer Unit CMPA Compact-BTS Multi-carrier Power Amplifier CMTR Compact-BTS Multi-carrier TRansceiver CPU Central Processing Unit CRFM Compact-BTS RF Fan Module CTBM Compact-BTS Transceiver Backplane Module High-precision Clock Module D DDF Digital Distribution Frame E EAC Environment Alarm Chest EMUA Environment Monitor Unit F FMIB Fan Monitor Interface Board FMUA Fan Monitor Unit FPGA Field Programmable Gate Array G GND Ground GPS Global Position System.

131 .BTS3606E&BTS3606AE Site Maintenance Guide B Acronyms and Abbreviations L LED Light Emitting Diode LMT Local Maintenance Terminal M MML Human-Machine Language MSC Mobile Switching Center MTRM Micro-bts Transceiver Module MFEM Micro-bts radio frequency Front End Module O ODU OutDoor Unit OMC Operation & Maintenance Center OML Operation & Maintenance Link OMPA Outdoor Multi-Carrier Power Amplifier Module OMTR Outdoor Multiplix-Carrier TRansceiver Module P PMU Power and Environment Monitoring Unit PSU Power Supply Unit R RSSI Received Signal Strength Indicator T TCP Transfer Control Protocol W WS Issue 04 (2012-06-20) Workstation Huawei Proprietary and Confidential Copyright © Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd...