EC 321 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING

Digital Image Fundamentals, Sampling and Quantization, Image Enhancement in
spatial domain, Image Enhancement in frequency domain, Image denoising,
estimation of image degradation, Image segmentation, Thresholding, Region growing,
Region splitting, Image Compression, Digital water marking, object recognition.
References
1. Digital Image Processing Gonzalez and Woods
2. Digital Image Processing: A.K Jain

EC 322 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION
Overview of Optical Fibre Communication: Basic concepts, laws and definition, mode
theory analysis for optical communication, optical fibre modes and configuration,
wave propagation in optical fibre,operating wavelength, single mode and multimode
fibres, V–numbers, mode field diameter, numerical aperture, refractive index
profiles.Losses in optical fibres. Dispersion in optical waveguides, group delay,
Design optimization of advance single mode fibres and dispersion compensating fibre.
Trends in fiber design.
Optical Sources & Optical Detectors: Structure, principle and their characteristics,
BER. Overview of analog and digital optical link, Point to point link system
consideration: Link power budget and risc time analysis .Line coding Fiber Optic
Networks,optical amplifiers, WDM & DWDM Optical System, Optical Networks –
SONET/SDH, Optical Layer, future of fiber–optic network
References
1. Optical Fiber Communication G. Keiser
2. Fiber Optic Communication Technique D.F. Mynbacv and L. Scheiner

EC 323 MICROWAVE ENGINEERING
Characteristic, features and applications of microwaves. Rectangular and circular
wave guide, wave guide resonators. Microwaves generators. Scattering matrix
representation of microwave networks, properties of scattering matrices, S-matrices
for directional coupler, E plane H plane and magic tee, isolator, circulators, directional
couplers. Ferrite devices, Microwave filters, amplifiers,Tunnel diodes, Gunn effect,
Gunn Diode oscillators, Avalanche effect, IMPATT & TRAPATT diodes, PIN diodes
and their applications. Planer transmission lines such as stripline, microstrip line,
slotline etc., Technology of hybrid MICs, advantages of MICs. VSWR measurement,
microwave power measurement, impedance measurement, frequency measurement.
References
1. Microwave Engineering and Applications O. P.Gandhi
2. Microwaves K.C.Gupta
3. Microwave Devices and Circuits Liao

EC324 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING & CONTROL LABORATORY
(Selected experiments in the area of Digital Image processing & VLSI)

EC325 OPTICAL & MW LABORATORY
(Selected experiments in the area of Optical & MW)

EC326 Minor Project
EC 339 LOW POWER VLSI DESIGN
Modeling and sources of power consumption Power estimation at different design
levels (mainly circuit, transistor, and gate) Power optimization for combinational
circuits Power optimization for sequential circuits Circuit and layout level for low
power Software design for low power Low power random access memory circuits
Leakage power consumption in deep sub-micron technologies Power analysis and
design at system level Case studies.
References
1. Low Power Design in Deep Sub-micron Electronics W. Nebel and J. Mermet,
Kluwer
2. Practical Low Power Digital VLSI Design Gary Yeap
3. Low Power CMOS VLSI Circuit Design Kaushik Roy, Sharat Prasad

EC 340 INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS
DC amplifiers. Series and Shunt type Linear Voltage Regulators.Switched Mode
voltage regulator. Fixed and Adjustable IC Voltage regulators. Principles of operation
and characteristics of SCR, Triggering of Thyristors, Commutation Techniques of
Thyristors—Classes A, B, C, D, E and F, Ratings of SCR. Chopper circuits –
Principle, methods and Configurations, Diac and Triac, Triacs – Triggering modes,
Firing Circuits, Commutation.
References
1. Industrial and Power Electronic G.K.Mithal and Maneesha Gupta,
2. Integrated Electronics J. Millman and C.C Halkias,
3. Electronic Devices and circuits Theodore.H.Bogart
4. Thyristors and applications M. Rammurthy

EC353 TCP-IP
Introduction to TCP/IP, TCP/IP Architecture, OSI Reference Model, The TCP/IP
Model vs. the OSI Model, IP and TCP protocols, TCP and UDP packets, How TCP
Handles Connections, IP Addressing (IPv4 and IPv6), Allocation of IP Address for
Private Networks
ARP, RARP, and Proxy ARP, Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). Basic
TCP/IP Services, Domain Name System (DNS), The Dynamic Host Configuration
Protocol (DHCP), Securing TCP/IP Environments, Routing the IP Environment,
Monitoring and Managing IP Networks, NETBIOS, and WINS, Ports and Sockets
References
1. TCP/IP Illustrated 3 Volume Set W. Richard Stevens
2. Internet Routing Architectures, 2nd Edition Sam Halabi
3. Interconnections, 2nd Edition: Bridges, Routers, Switches, and Internetworking
Protocols