Module 8-Abbreviations


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Chapter I - Human Anatomy
What is Anatomy?
Anatomy (from the Greek word meaning to cut up, cut open) is the branch of biology that
deals with the structure and organization of living things. It can be divided into animal
anatomy (zootomy) and plant anatomy (phytonomy). Major branches of anatomy include
comparative anatomy, histology, and human anatomy.
Anatomy from point of Medicine consists of a knowledge of the exact form, position, size
and relationship of the various structures of the healthy human body, and to this study the
term descriptive or topographical human anatomy is given, though it is often, less happily,
spoken of as anthropotomy.
So intricate is the human body that only a small number of professional human anatomists,
after years of patient observation, are complete masters of all its details; most of them
specialize on certain parts, such as the brain or viscera, contenting themselves with a good
working knowledge of the rest.
Before proceeding to understand anything about human body, it is imperative to know
atleast the names of major body systems and organs present in human body that make it
so intricate and astonishing.

Fig: Human Anatomy MAJOR BODY SYSTEMS: Integumentary system Muscular system Nervous system Reproductive system Respiratory system Excretory system Circulatory system Lymphatic system Skeletal system (Human skeleton) Endocrine system Digestive system Immune system ORGANS: Anus Appendix Brain Breast Colon or large intestine Diaphragm Ear Eye Heart Kidney Labia .

Larynx Liver Lungs Nose Ovary Pharynx Pancreas Penis Placenta Rectum Skin Small intestine Spleen Stomach Tongue Uterus BONES IN THE HUMAN SKELETON: Collar bone (clavicle) Thigh bone (femur) Humerus Mandible Patella Radius Skull Tibia Ulna Rib Vertebrae Pelvis Sternum GLANDS: Ductless gland Mammary gland Salivary gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid gland Adrenal gland Pituitary gland Pineal gland TISSUES: Connective tissue Endothelial tissue Epithelial tissue Glandular tissue Lymphoid tissue Externally visible parts of the human body: Abdomen Arm Back .

Buttock Chest Ear Eye Face Genitals Head Joint Leg Mouth Neck Scalp Skin Teeth Tongue Other Anatomic Terms: Artery Coelom Diaphragm Gastrointestinal tract Hair Exoskeleton Lip Nerve Peritoneum Serous membrane Skeleton Skull Spinal cord Vein .