Chosen Popes

131. Pope John XII (Latin: Ioannes XII; c. 930/937 – 14 May 964)
was Pope and ruler of the Papal States from 16 December 955 to his
death in 964. He was related to the Counts of Tusculum and a
member of the powerful Roman family of Theophylact which had
dominated papal politics for over half a century. His pontificate
became infamous for the alleged depravity and worldliness with
which he conducted it.

132. Pope Leo VIII (died 1 March 965) was Pope from 23 June 964
to his death in 965; before that, he was an antipope from 963 to
964, in opposition to Pope John XII and Pope Benedict V. An
appointee of the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I, his pontificate
occurred during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum.
133. Pope Benedict V (Latin: Benedictus V; died 4 July 965), was
Pope from 22 May to 23 June 964, in opposition to Pope Leo VIII.
He was overthrown by emperor Otto I. His pontificate occurred at
the end of a period known as the Saeculum obscurum.

134. Pope John XIII (Latin: Ioannes XIII; c. 930/935 – 6
September 972) was Pope from 1 October 965 to his death in 972.
[1] His pontificate was caught up in the continuing conflict between
the Emperor, Otto I, and the Roman nobility.

135. Pope Benedict VI (Latin: Benedictus VI; died June 974) was
Pope from 19 January 973 to his death in 974. His brief pontificate
occurred in the political context of the establishment of the Holy
Roman Empire, during the transition between the reigns of German
emperors Otto I and Otto II, incorporating the struggle for power of
Roman aristocratic families such as the Crescentii and Tusculani.

died 20 August 984) was Pope from December 983 to his death in 984. Otto II died shortly after his election. Peter's Basilica near Pope Pelagius I. died March 996) was Pope from August 985 to his death in 996. 138. He governed Rome quietly for nearly nine years. Pope John XIV (Latin: Ioannes XIV. c. Pope Sylvester II or Silvester II (c. He is buried in St. He was the first French Pope. He is said to be the first to introduce in Europe the decimal numeral system using the Arabic numerals after his studies at the University of al-Karaouine in Morocco. . He endorsed and promoted study of Arab/Greco-Roman arithmetic. 137. Pope Gregory V (Latin: Gregorius V. who was opposed to Boniface VII and is now excluded from the papal lists. Antipope Boniface VII (974. he was a prolific scholar and teacher. Gregory V died suddenly. He succeeded Boniface VII. died 10 July 983) was Pope from October 974 to his death in 983. born in Rome. He was the first German Pope. son of Robert. which had been lost to Europe since the end of the Greco-Roman era. on 18 February 999. 972 – 18 February 999) was Pope from 3 May 996 to his death in 999. mathematics. where he died either from starvation or poison. returned from Constantinople and placed John XIV in prison in the Castel Sant'Angelo. on the strength of the popular feeling against the new Pope. 139. his heir Otto III. being only 3 years old and unable to protect John's position as Pope. a somewhat rare thing in those days. This supposed first John XIV never existed. He was said to have been Pope after another Pope John who reigned four months after Pope John XIV (983–984) and was named "Papa Ioannes XIV Bis" or "Pope John XIVb". Pope John XV (Latin: Ioannes XV. not without suspicion of foul play. 946 – 12 May 1003) was Pope from 2 April 999 to his death in 1003. He also promoted monasticism and ecclesiastical reform along with Emperor Otto II. Pope Benedict VII (Latin: Benedictus VII. Born Gerbert d'Aurillac (Gerbert of Aurillac). reintroducing to Europe the abacus and armillary sphere. 140. 984–985).136. and astronomy. rather he was confused with a certain cardinal deacon John.