Technology Event

Fieldbus Foundation– Changing the Playing Field "
Date
Venue
Hotel

: 21st June, 2008 (Saturday)
: TROPICANA Conference Room.
: Taj Residency,
Akota Gardens,
Vadodara - 390 020 INDIA

Cabling Solutions for
Foundation Fieldbus Systems
By Raman Kalra
Belden India

Agenda
ƒ Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard
ƒ Beyond the Standard
- Multi Pair Solutions
- Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications
ƒ Cost Comparison
ƒ Jacket & Armouring Options

Atex requirements . Propagation Delay Minimum Shield Coverage Max Network Length Type A 18AWG(0.mm) 100ohms +/-20 4nF/Km 24ohms/Km 3dB/Km 1.8 sq.FF standard IEC 61158/ISA-SP 50 Standards FF Specification H1 Cable Test specifications FF844 Conductor Size Impedance Capacitance Unbalance Conductor DC resistance Attenuation@39kHz Max.g.7µS/Km 90% 1900m 9 Colour code orange / blue 9 Jacket colour Orange or Blue (for IS applications) 9 Optional armouring to meet e.

25 kHz ƒ Capacitance Unbalance < 4 ηF/km (capacitance between one wire and screen to other wire and shield) ƒ Conductor DC Resistance < 24 Ω/km ƒ Cable Shielding > 90% coverage CcS Drain wire CcS Shield Inductance & resistance Insulation Conductor Centricity Ccc .Key Cable Parameters ƒ Impedance 100 Ω @ 31.

each conductor of the pair is exposed equally.Key Cable Parameters Capacitance Unbalance A Twisted Pair Exposed to a Noise Source When twisted pair is exposed to a noise source such as running machinery or fluorescent lights. .

each conductor will react differently to noise. . Total subtraction of noise is virtually impossible.Key Cable Parameters Ideal Capacitance Unbalance Noise and Signal at the Receiving End of a Typical Pair When the capacitance of conductors within a pair are not equal.

signals may travel at different rates (velocity).Key Cable Parameters When the capacitance of conductors within a pair are different. Signal interpretation issues may occur as signals arrive at different times. Lower levels of capacitance unbalance equates to higher noise cancellation. .

C.FF vs Standard Instrument Cable ƒ FF cable has lower Capacitance ƒ FF cable is designed to a specific impedance to reduce signal reflections and maximize network length ƒ FF cables are tested during production to meet specific requirements: – Capacitance Unbalance – Impedance – Conductor D. resistance .

FF Wiring Control Strategy .

Multi Pair Solutions .Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications ƒ Cost Comparison ƒ Jacket & Armouring Options .Agenda ƒ Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard ƒ Beyond the Standard .

Multi Pair Solutions Multi Pair Fieldbus cables: 9 2 to 24 pair configurations 9 Each individual pair meets the FF Type A requirements 9 Orange or Blue (IS) outer jacket 9 Armouring optionally 9 Other jacket materials optionally .

Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications ƒ Cost Comparison ƒ Jacket & Armouring Options .Agenda ƒ Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard ƒ Beyond the Standard .Multi Pair Solutions .

Human Interface Station V-network Field Control Station Fieldbus Card Power Supply Zone 1 EEx(e) Zone 0 Eex ia IIC EEx(e) R .Fieldbarrier Concept Fieldbarriers in Zone 1 Instrument Spurs in Zone 0 Bus trunkline also used to power the Fieldbarriers 9 Maximize nr. of instruments on the bus in the zone.

Multi Pair Solutions .Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications ƒ Cost Comparison ƒ Jacket & Armouring Options .Agenda ƒ Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard ƒ Beyond the Standard .

Cable Reduction in hardware costs Less cable Less installation time Less I/O Less Interfacing 4-20 mA Reduced footprint in CR IS IS IS IS IS Fieldbus .Cost Comparison Vs Instr.

000 .400 140 1.200 120 Price Index 100 800 80 600 60 400 40 200 20 0 PLTC ISOS FF Multi Pair BS5308 RE 2X(St)Y Volume in km 1.Cost Comparison Why is Fieldbus cabling more expensive than standard instrumentation cable? 9 PP instead of PVC or XLPE on the cores 9 More insulation material required 9 More complicated process = slower process = higher costs 160 1.

Agenda ƒ Foundation Fieldbus Cable Standard ƒ Beyond the Standard .Field Barrier and Long Distance Applications ƒ Cost Comparison ƒ Jacket & Armouring Options .Multi Pair Solutions .

Jacket options Jacket Material Applications Cost PVC General Applications $ CPE Chemical Wash Downs. Exposure to Chlorines $$$ TPE High & Low Temp. Low Acid Gas Generation $$ . Chemical Exposure $$$$ Halogen Free Limited Smoke.

Jacket options • PVC meeting UL 13 (for physical requirements) (UL 1685 for flame requirements) • LSNH meeting IEC 60332-3-24 (c) • CPE (for improved chemical resistance) meeting UL 13 (for physical requirements) (UL 1685 for flame requirements) • Oil Resistant PVC meeting UL 13(for physical requirements) (UL 1685 for flame requirements) • TPE jacket for improved flexibility meeting UL 13(for physical requirements) (UL 1685 for flame requirements) .

Armouring options ƒ Interlock – Aluminum – Steel ƒ Protective Metal Tapes – Smooth or Corrugated (longitudinal or spiral wrapped) • Copper • Aluminum • Steel ƒ SWA (Steel Wire Armour) – Steel .

2 or Class 2. 1 or 2 IEC 60079 and Cenelec . Div. 1 in Canada – Class 1. DIV. Div.Why use armour ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Physical protection Maintain signal integrity Provides additional shielding Reduces cost of conduit Direct Burial Easy to install and re-route Rodent Protection Hazardous Locations – Class 1. 2 in USA – Zone 0.

•Reduced maintenance – Diagnostics/Adv diagnostics/ Asset Management • Pro-active maintenance – Fisher communications Fact based maintenance. elements Fisher valves.FOUNDATION Fieldbus Features Plant Diagnostics Field Performance Diagnostics Level 4 In orderDevice to achieve and Level 3 this all passive process or Diagnostics equipment active components have to be optimized 2 forLevel a flawless data-transmission actuators. connections Communications Diagnostics ƒ electronics Level 1 More information from field devices. avoid “no action” work .

Questions? .