# Design of Reservoir

Max Water Lvl =
Ground Lvl =
Bed Lvl =
Top Lvl =
Height of Maximun water Lvl =
Height of the wall Top=
Height Water Level designed =
Height of Earth Lvl from GL =
Width of Tank =
capacity of the Tank =
Length of the tank =
Provided capacity=
Hence Total capacity of Tank =3.5x3.5x2.3=

5.00 m
3.50
5.00
0.00
5.00
5.00
3.50
5.00
3.50
0.00
2.30
25000.00
3.50
3.5x3.5x2.3

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
L
m

3.50

0.00
28.175
m3
28175.00 L
2.30 m

The base slab will be designed for uplift pressure and the whole tank is
to be tested against floatation. As the L/B Ratio is greater than 2 the long walls
will be designed as cantilevers. The bottom one meter (H/4) of short walls will
be designed as cantilever while the top portion designed as slab supported by long walls.
Design Constants.
Concrete
M25

σcbc =

8.5 N/mm2
m=
10.98
Since the face of the wall will be in contact with water for each condition ,
σst =
150 N/mm2 (table 2 , IS:3370 -part ii)
permissibe compressive stress in steel under direct compression is
σsc =
175 N/mm2(table 2 , IS:3370 -part ii)
k=
0.38
j=
0.87
R=
1.405
Angle of repose =
30o
Saturated Unit wt of Soil =
18.00 kN/m3

Design of Long walls
a) Tank empty with pressure of saturated soil outside
Pa= Kaγ'H + γwH
here,
Ka = 1-sin300/1+sin300=
γsat = 18.00
Pa= 0.33x8.19x5+(9.81x5) =
The Height of earth Level =
Max Bm at the base of wall =

Distribution steel @

γ' =

0 say
260.67 kN-m

62.56x5/2x5/3 =

req. d=
Provide Total depth =
deff=(500-35)mm
Ast=
260.67*10^6/150/0.87/465 =
using 25φ bars spacing =
provide 25 mm bars at 100mm c/c at outside face

0.33
γw = 9.81
62.56 kN/m2

430.73 mm
500 mm
465.00 mm
1000*490/4295.64=

0.30% for
0.20% for
By interpolation , % of Distribution steel is = .3-.1(200-100)/(450-100)=.27
Distribution steel =
Astd =
0.2x500x1000/100 =
Area to be provided by each face =
Spacing of 10 mm bars =
157 mm c/c
Provide10 mm @150 c/c on each face
Actual Asd =
2x(1000x78.5)/100
1570 mm2
Direct Compresion in Long wall:
The earth presuure acting on short walls will cause compn in long walls. Because
top portion of short wall act as slab supported on long walls. At h= 1 m(>h/4=5.5/4)
Pa= KaY'(H-h)+ Yw(H-h)=
.33*8.19(5-1.25)+9.8(5-1.25) =
46.89 kN/m2
This Direction compression developed on long walls is given by
Plc= Pa.B/2= 18.75x2.3/2=
This will be taken by the disribution steel and wall section.

4295.64 mm2
114.07

100 mm thick and
450

1000 mm2
500 mm2

53.92 kN

8.19 kN/m3

b)Tank full with water, and no earth fill outside
P =Yw.H=
M=
p.H/2.H/3 =
Ast =
Using 16mm bars spacing = 1000x201/1650.23
provide 16mm bars @125c/c Inner face
However extend these bars into base.

9.81x5=
53.96x3.5/2x3.5/3=
100.14 x10^6/150/.87/465

49.05 kN/m2
100.14 kN-m
1650.23 mm2
121.80 mm

Direct Tension in Long walls
Since the top portion of short walls act as slab supported on long walls , the water pressure
acting on short walls will cause tension in long walls
PL=
P. B/2
where p=9.81x2.3/2 =
PL=
41.202x3.5*.5
As reqd =
86.48 mm2
Area of distribution steel provided in horizontal direction =
Hence distribution steel will take direct tension.

11.28 kN/m2

at 1 M above base.

12.972 kN
1570 mm2

Design of Short walls
a)Tank Empty, with pressure of saturated soil from outside
1) Top portion: The bottom portion 1m (>H/4) acts as cantilever, while the remaining top acts as slab supported on Long walls
At h=
1.25 m (>H/4)
=1/3x8.19x(5-1.25)+9.81x(5.5-1.25)=
Pa= Kay'(H-h)+ Yw(H-h)=
47.025 kN/m2
2
Mf(at Supports ) = Pa L /12 =
47.025x5^2/12
97.97 kN-m
(Causing tension outside)
2
M (at Center)
=PaL /8-Mf=
48.98 kN-m
(Causing tension inside)
=PaL2/24
d=
550-(25+25+8)=
492 mm
At supports,
Ast =
1525.85 mm2
1000x201/1525.85=
Using 16 mm bars@ =
131.73 mm
provide 16mm @125mm c/c
at the outer face horizontally at support
at Mid span =
0.5x1525
762.925 mm2
Min Ast =
1000 mm2
Hence provide 16 mm @125c/c inner face at horizontally at mid span

while the remaining top 2m acts as slab supported on long walls p=w(H-h) = Mf at support = PB2/12 = Mc at support = PB2/24 = =9. due to water pressure on the end one meter width of long walls is PB = w(H-h)x1 = effective depth d for horizontal steel = Distance x = d-T/2 = =165-100= Hence Net BM = M-Pb.56 kN/m2 (62.81x1000/150)= Ast2 = Total Ast1+Ast2 = 142.x = Astx1 = 24. and no earthfill outside i)Top Portion The bottom portion 1m (>H/4) acts as cantilever.41 mm2 313.025 kN This is quite small.65 kN-m 4. due to earth pressure.91 mm2 (causing Tension inside) (causing Tension outside) .72x2.5)x1/3 13.00 mm 365.5= using 16 mm bars. steel = spacing of 16mm bars @ 233 mm provide 8mm @150mm c/c Hence provide 8 mm bars @ 150mm c/c at outside face.83x10^6-14.87/165= Pbc/σsh =(18. and its magnitude is given by PBC = Pa x1 = 47. Intensity of earth pressure at bottom =Pa M= Ast = 62.72x2.72 mm2 1000 mm2 5. b) Tank full with water.32 kN-m 19.62 kN 465. iii) Direct compression in short walls: though long walls bend as cantilever.3^2/12 =14. in vertical direction for bottom 1m height.56 x1. and hence its effect has not been considered.3^2/24 Direct Tension in short wall.25x.51x1000/150/.00 mm 142.41 +313.72x65/150/.03 kN-m with Tension outside face 214.810*2 = 19. it is observed that the end one meter width of long wall contributes to push in short walls.87/165= Min. s= 440.5 mm2 455.62 kN/m2 =14. the spacing can be doubled for the upper portion.88 mm c/c provide 16mm @125c/c inner face horizontally at support 8.ii)Bottom Portion: The bottom 1 m will bend as cantilever.

hence provide 16mm ɸ @ 250mm c/c for the top 1m height. in vertical direction 4. in vertical direction for bottom 1m height.15 +313.55 mm2 provide 12 mm @ 250 mm c/couter face horizontally at span 71.25 m will bend as cantilever. the pressure will be reduced to half the value.64x1000/150/. Intensity of earth pressure at bottom =Pa=9.59 1000 Summary of reinforcement in short walls 1. Hence provide greater one of the two reinforcement thus provide 16mm ɸ @ 125mm c/c at the inner face .At 1m height .72x65)/150x0.810*1.81 2. spacing @ 522. Hence provide greater one of the two reinforcement thus provide 16mm ɸ @ 125mm c/c at the inner face . 9.65 mm2 As found earlier ii)Bottom Portion: The bottom 1. Ast = 1000.At 1m height .j.15 mm2 313. 3.81x1000/150)= Ast2 = Total Ast1+Ast2 = 71. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 200mm c/c in the mid-span For water pressure . Horizontal reinforcement at outer face : For lateral earth pressure.At 2m from the top .42x10^6 . 2. kN/m2 kN-m with Tension inside face mm2 mm2 .At the outside face (middle of short walls) Ast1 = Mc-PB. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 100mm c/c at the ends. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 250mm c/c in the mid-span For water pressure .5)x1/3 Ast = 1. Horizontal reinforcement at inner face : For lateral earth pressure.5= Min.25x.At 2m from the top . Vertical reinforcement at outer face : provide 16 mm bars @ 125mm c/c at outside face. hence provide 16mm ɸ @ 200mm c/c for the top 1m height.81 x1. the spacing can be doubled for the upper portion.87/165= Min.d =(12. the pressure will be reduced to half the value. in vertical direction for bottom 1m height.x/σst.87x165 Pbc/σsh =(18.25 = M= (9.00 mm2 using 16mm. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 125mm c/c at the ends.04 455. steel = spacing of 16mm bars @ 201 mm provide 16mm @300mm c/c Hence provide 16 mm bars @ 250mm c/c at inside face. the spacing can be doubled for the upper portion.50 mm2 384. Vertical reinforcement at inner face : provide 16 mm bars @ 250mm c/c at inside face.14.

Keeping a clear cover of 25 mm and using 16 mm bars deff =(150-25-8)mm Ast= 1000*201/1265.hence the top sop slab will be designed as one way slab .2x1x1x25000 ) N/m2= 5000 N/m2 Live load 2000 N/m2 Total load 7000 N/m2 Moment=wB2/8=(7000x4.9= 1218.81(3.40 kN .3-.5=2. Total upward floatation force = Pu = =PuxBxL = 49.92= using 16φ bars spacing = provide 16 mm bars at 150mm c/c at outside face 0.5+.08 mm c/c 5 Deign of Bottom slab Assume thickness of Raft as 400.92 mm2 158.05x 3.6+6. Let the live load on top slab = 2000 N/m2 Assuming a thickness of 200 mm including finishes etc. % of Distribution steel is = .05 kN/m2 Check for floatation: The whole tank must be checked against floatation when the tank is empty.30% for 0.1(150-100)/(450-100)=.Design of Top Slab L/b=9/4. Self wt=(.286 Distribution steel = 0.00 mm The uplift pressure on bottom slab is given by Pu = wH1 = =9.29 mm 117 mm 1265.2)^2/8=N-m req.9) = 49.286x150x1000/100 = Spacing of 10 mm bars = Provide 10 mm @175 c/c 19328.6x6.286 Astd = 0.78 mm Distribution steel @ 100 mm thick and 450 429 mm2 183.75 N-m 117. d= Provide total thickness = 150mm .20% for By interpolation .

15 kN 51.4).2x3x2(4.4x(4.4+1)x25 = Weight of soil supported on projection = 2(4.26 2160.4 kN 1167.6 kN 643.5+.05 kN/m2 10 Kn/m2 39.81 = = 4.5x18= 405 kN 613.5*4.4x25 = Net upward pressure is = 49.25 kN The Total weight of the tank = Wt of the water = Total weight is = The area of the tank The net upward pressure = SBC of the soil = 1167.9+1x9.5 m alround Weight of the walls = . .5*9*9.41 24.5 kN Total weight of the tank = The difference = Hence the weight of the tank is more than the floatation force.4)x25 = 918.25 kN Hence the weight of the tank is less than floatation force. Increasing the base slab projections .5x 9 = kN kN kN m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 Hence base slab is safe in bearing Base slab is designed as Oneway slab Consider One meter length of the slab upward pressure is = Wt of slab = =1x1x.4x(4.5x2.The downward force consists of weight of the tank.97 150 =2. Hence the tank is safe in buoyancy 1167.15 kN 51.9+9.75 kN 248.4x9+.84 86.2x3x2(4.5+9)x25 Weight of the walls = Wt of the base slab = Total weight of the tank = The difference = =.05 kN/m2 .5+9)x25 Wt of the base slab = =.15 993.

5^2)/2 B.81x5) = Pa= 31280x(2.214 Distribution steel = 0. % of Distribution steel is = .5(5.19x5+(9.transferred to each wall per m run =0.87/350 = using 12φ bars spacing = provide 12 mm bars at 200mm c/c at The top face Causing tension at the top face 178.3-.25) -23628 N-m `=80280+48093-30501-121500 req.23-(15000+22500+34177.5^2)/2+39100x1.M at the center of span= N/m N/m N/m N N 62.5/3+.33x8. d= Provide Total depth = deff=(400-50)mm Ast= 44775*10^3/150/0.1(400-100)/(450-100)=.2)x1x25000= 15000 N/m 12250 22500 49750 68355 34177.23 m above the bottom of base slab B.9^2)/8+39100x1.M at the edge of cantilever portion = (18450x.30 mm2 115.5x1= Total downward force Net un balanced force/m run =28450x5.23-(45000x.5x18000x.25+.5/2)x1 Acting at (2.52 mm 400 mm 350 mm 1000*113/980.2(2.214x400x1000/100 = Area to be provided by each face = Spacing of 8 mm bars = Provide 8 mm @110 c/c on each face 100 mm thick and 450 856 mm2 428 mm2 117.9/2-.20% for By interpolation .4)=1.56 kN/m2 78200 N/m 44775 N-m Causing tension at the botoom face (18450x5.87/350 = using 12φ bars spacing = provide 12 mm bars at 110mm c/c at The bottom face Ast= -23628*10^3/150/0.214 Astd = 0.3= 980.44 mm Distribution steel @ 0.2x3x1x25000 = Weight of roof slab .27 mm 1000*113/-517.30% for 0.7/2)-45000x.31 mm2 218.Weight of wall per m run = .43 mm c/c .31= 517.5)(4.9-2x49750 Reaction on each wall=68355/2 Pa= 0.5 Weight of soil supported on projection = 2.

m m .

.

(Causing tension outside) (Causing tension inside) .at 1 M above base.

(causing Tension inside) (causing Tension outside) .

s 16mm ɸ @ 250mm c/c in the mid-span vide greater one of the two reinforcement ll be reduced to half the value. hence ction ection for bottom 1m height. . hence s 16mm ɸ @ 200mm c/c in the mid-span vide greater one of the two reinforcement ll be reduced to half the value.

.

.

.

IS:3370 -part ii) permissibe compressive stress in steel under direct compression is σsc = 175 N/mm2(table 2 .00 5.Design of Reservoir Max Water Lvl = Ground Lvl = Bed Lvl = Top Lvl = Road Lvl = Height of Maximun water Lvl = Height of the wall Top= Height Water Level designed = Height of Earth Lvl from GL = Width of Tank = capacity of the Tank = Length of the tank = Provided capacity= Hence Total capacity of Tank =3.405 Angle of repose = 30o Saturated Unit wt of Soil = 18.50 0.00 2.00 L 2. Design Constants.5 N/mm2 m= 10.50 0.3= 5.00 5.5x3.98 Since the face of the wall will be in contact with water for each condition . As the L/B Ratio is greater than 2 the long walls will be designed as cantilevers. σst = 150 N/mm2 (table 2 .00 3.00 m 3.3 m m m m m m m m m m L m 3.30 25000.00 3.175 m3 28175.5x2.00 0.00 kN/m3 .87 R= 1.00 3.50 5.50 5. The bottom one meter (H/4) of short walls will be designed as cantilever while the top portion designed as slab supported by long walls. Concrete M25 σcbc = 8.38 j= 0.00 28.50 3.5x2.30 m The base slab will be designed for uplift pressure and the whole tank is to be tested against floatation. IS:3370 -part ii) k= 0.5x3.

81x3) = The Height of earth Level = Max Bm at the base of wall = Distribution steel @ γ' = 0 say 56.3-.89 kN/m2 This Direction compression developed on long walls is given by Plc= Pa. 2006.31 kN-m 37.20% for By interpolation . d= Provide Total depth = deff=(250-35)mm Ast= 56. Because top portion of short wall act as slab supported on long walls. At h= 1 m(>h/4=5.31*10^6/150/0.95= 0.B/2= 18.33x8.25) = 46.25)+9.27 Distribution steel = Astd = 0.19(5-1.54x3/2x3/3 = req.2x250x1000/100 = Area to be provided by each face = Spacing of 10 mm bars = 314 mm c/c Provide10 mm @150 c/c on each face Actual Asd = 2x(1000x78.1(200-100)/(450-100)=.95 mm2 156.00 mm 1000*314/2006. Ka = 1-sin300/1+sin300= γsat = 18.33*8.5)/100 1570 mm2 Direct Compresion in Long wall: The earth presuure acting on short walls will cause compn in long walls.54 kN/m2 200.8(5-1.19 kN/m3 .33 γw = 9.5/4) Pa= KaY'(H-h)+ Yw(H-h)= .00 Pa= 0.81 37. % of Distribution steel is = .87/215 = using 20φ bars spacing = provide 20 mm bars at 150mm c/c at outside face 0.Design of Long walls a) Tank empty with pressure of saturated soil outside Pa= Kaγ'H + γwH here.30% for 0.3/2= This will be taken by the disribution steel and wall section.19x3+(9.92 kN 8.20 mm 250 mm 215.46 100 mm thick and 450 500 mm2 250 mm2 53.75x2.

while the remaining top acts as slab supported on Long walls At h= 1. the water pressure acting on short walls will cause tension in long walls PL= P.5-1.98 kN-m (Causing tension inside) =PaL2/24 d= 550-(25+25+8)= 492 mm At supports.97 kN-m (Causing tension outside) 2 M (at Center) =PaL /8-Mf= 48.H= M= p.85 mm2 1000x201/1525.88 mm Direct Tension in Long walls Since the top portion of short walls act as slab supported on long walls .5 As reqd = 86.05 kN/m2 18.972 kN 1570 mm2 Design of Short walls a)Tank Empty.025x5^2/12 97.39 x10^6/150/.39 kN-m 2 655.25)+9.202x3.025 kN/m2 2 Mf(at Supports ) = Pa L /12 = 47.5/3= 18. 11.19x(5-1.96x1.25)= Pa= Kay'(H-h)+ Yw(H-h)= 47.925 mm2 Min Ast = 500 mm2 Hence provide 16 mm @125c/c inner face at horizontally at mid span .44 provide 12mm bars @175c/c Inner face However extend these bars into base.73 mm provide 16mm @125mm c/c at the outer face horizontally at support at Mid span = 0.H/2.b)Tank full with water. 9.H/3 = Ast = Using 12mm bars spacing = 1000x201/655.5/2x1. with pressure of saturated soil from outside 1) Top portion: The bottom portion 1m (>H/4) acts as cantilever.5x1525 762. and no earth fill outside P =Yw.25 m (>H/4) =1/3x8.85= Using 16 mm bars@ = 131.48 mm2 Area of distribution steel provided in horizontal direction = Hence distribution steel will take direct tension.81x5= 53. B/2 where p=9.81x(5.87/215 49.44 mm 170. 12.3/2 = PL= 41.5*. Ast = 1525.81x2.28 kN/m2 at 1 M above base.

68 mm2 (causing Tension inside) (causing Tension outside) .81x1000/150)= Ast2 = Total Ast1+Ast2 = 308.54 x1. b) Tank full with water.77 mm c/c provide 12mm @175c/c inner face horizontally at support 8.18 mm2 313. steel = spacing of 16mm bars @ 179 mm provide 8mm @150mm c/c Hence provide 8 mm bars @ 150mm c/c at outside face.87/165= Min.71 mm2 500 mm2 5.87/165= Pbc/σsh =(18.3^2/24 Direct Tension in short wall.82 kN-m with Tension outside face 278.x = Astx1 = 24. due to water pressure on the end one meter width of long walls is PB = w(H-h)x1 = effective depth d for horizontal steel = Distance x = d-T/2 = =165-100= Hence Net BM = M-Pb.025 kN This is quite small. iii) Direct compression in short walls: though long walls bend as cantilever.00 mm 115.72x65/150/.25x.72x2.5= using 12 mm bars.5 mm2 621. while the remaining top 2m acts as slab supported on long walls p=w(H-h) = Mf at support = PB2/12 = Mc at support = PB2/24 = =9. the spacing can be doubled for the upper portion.ii)Bottom Portion: The bottom 1 m will bend as cantilever.51x1000/150/. in vertical direction for bottom 1m height.83x10^6-14.3^2/12 =14. s= 181. and its magnitude is given by PBC = Pa x1 = 47. and hence its effect has not been considered.62 kN/m2 =14. and no earthfill outside i)Top Portion The bottom portion 1m (>H/4) acts as cantilever.5)x1/3 7.00 mm 308.32 kN-m 19. it is observed that the end one meter width of long wall contributes to push in short walls. Intensity of earth pressure at bottom =Pa M= Ast = 37.62 kN 215.72x2.810*2 = 19.18 +313.65 kN-m 4. due to earth pressure.54 kN/m2 (37.

04 455.90 mm2 provide 12 mm @ 250 mm c/couter face horizontally at span 154. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 200mm c/c in the mid-span For water pressure .05 mm2 313.81 x1.25 = M= (9.x/σst.72x65)/150x0. the pressure will be reduced to half the value.810*1.At 2m from the top .81 2.55 mm2 As found earlier ii)Bottom Portion: The bottom 1. Intensity of earth pressure at bottom =Pa=9.59 500 Summary of reinforcement in short walls 1.At 2m from the top . spacing @ 429.05 +313.At 1m height .d =(12. Horizontal reinforcement at outer face : For lateral earth pressure. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 100mm c/c at the ends.00 mm2 using 16mm.25x. 3.At 1m height .5= Min.81x1000/150)= Ast2 = Total Ast1+Ast2 = 154. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 250mm c/c in the mid-span For water pressure . hence provide 16mm ɸ @ 250mm c/c for the top 1m height. in vertical direction 4.j. in vertical direction for bottom 1m height. the pressure will be reduced to half the value.87/165= Min. Hence provide greater one of the two reinforcement thus provide 16mm ɸ @ 125mm c/c at the inner face . the spacing can be doubled for the upper portion.5)x1/3 Ast = 1.42x10^6 .50 mm2 467. steel = spacing of 16mm bars @ 402 mm provide 16mm @300mm c/c Hence provide 16 mm bars @ 250mm c/c at inside face. kN/m2 kN-m with Tension inside face mm2 mm2 . in vertical direction for bottom 1m height.25 m will bend as cantilever. hence provide 16mm ɸ @ 200mm c/c for the top 1m height. 2. Ast = 500.64x1000/150/.At the outside face (middle of short walls) Ast1 = Mc-PB. horizontal reinforcement required is 16mm ɸ @ 125mm c/c at the ends. the spacing can be doubled for the upper portion. Vertical reinforcement at inner face : provide 16 mm bars @ 250mm c/c at inside face. Horizontal reinforcement at inner face : For lateral earth pressure. Hence provide greater one of the two reinforcement thus provide 16mm ɸ @ 125mm c/c at the inner face .87x165 Pbc/σsh =(18. Vertical reinforcement at outer face : provide 16 mm bars @ 125mm c/c at outside face.14. 9.

286 Distribution steel = 0.1(150-100)/(450-100)=.92= using 16φ bars spacing = provide 16 mm bars at 150mm c/c at outside face 0.29 mm 117 mm 1265. Keeping a clear cover of 25 mm and using 16 mm bars deff =(150-25-8)mm Ast= 1000*201/1265.2x1x1x25000 ) N/m2= 5000 N/m2 Live load 2000 N/m2 Total load 7000 N/m2 Moment=wB2/8=(7000x4. % of Distribution steel is = .Design of Top Slab L/b=9/4.81(2.92 mm2 158.20% for By interpolation .hence the top sop slab will be designed as one way slab . Total upward floatation force = Pu = =PuxBxL = 28.3-.9x9.00 mm The uplift pressure on bottom slab is given by Pu = wH1 = =9.286 Astd = 0.78 mm Distribution steel @ 100 mm thick and 450 429 mm2 183.36 kN .5=2. d= Provide total thickness = 150mm .30% for 0.08 mm c/c 5 Deign of Bottom slab Assume thickness of Raft as 400.4) = 28.449x 4.5+.286x150x1000/100 = Spacing of 10 mm bars = Provide 10 mm @175 c/c 19328. Self wt=(.5+.45 kN/m2 Check for floatation: The whole tank must be checked against floatation when the tank is empty.4 = 1310.2)^2/8=N-m req.75 N-m 117. Let the live load on top slab = 2000 N/m2 Assuming a thickness of 200 mm including finishes etc.

81 = = 4.45 kN/m2 .4).5+.2x(4.4x(4.5x18= Total weight of the tank = The difference = Hence the weight of the tank is more than the floatation force.66 40.5+9)x25 =.5 kN kN kN kN Hence the weight of the tank is less than floatation force.76 kN kN kN kN kN 405 230.4)x25 = Wt of the base slab = =.3 613.9+9.5+.2x3x2(4.6 643.4x9+.6 865.2x3x2(4.4x25 = Net upward pressure is = 28.4+1)x25 = Weight of soil supported on projection = 2(4.5x2.4 kN -582.5 71.04 kN The Total weight of the tank = Wt of the water = Total weight is = The area of the tank The net upward pressure = SBC of the soil = 1892. . Increasing the base slab projections .6 444.3 460.4x9+.5+.2x(4.5*4.9+1x9.The downward force consists of weight of the tank.26 2885.25 150 =2.4)x25 = =.5*9*9.5 m alround Weight of the walls = Wt of the top slab = Wt of the base slab = .4)x25 = Total weight of the tank = The difference = 405 230.4x9+.40 993.4x(4.45 kN/m2 10 Kn/m2 18.5x 9 = kN kN kN m2 kN/m2 kN/m2 Hence base slab is safe in bearing Base slab is designed as Oneway slab Consider One meter length of the slab upward pressure is = Wt of slab = =1x1x.5+9)x25 Weight of the walls = Wt of the top slab = =. Hence the tank is safe in buoyancy 1892.

87/350 = using 12φ bars spacing = provide 12 mm bars at 200mm c/c at The top face Causing tension at the top face 178.2)x1x25000= 15000 N/m 12250 22500 49750 68355 34177.56 kN/m2 78200 N/m 44775 N-m Causing tension at the botoom face (18450x5.33x8.5x18000x.5x1= Total downward force Net un balanced force/m run =28450x5.20% for By interpolation .214 Astd = 0.9/2-.23-(15000+22500+34177.5^2)/2+39100x1.81x5) = Pa= 31280x(2.30 mm2 115.52 mm 400 mm 350 mm 1000*113/980.3= 980.Weight of wall per m run = .transferred to each wall per m run =0.23-(45000x.M at the center of span= N/m N/m N/m N N 62.5)(4.5 Weight of soil supported on projection = 2.5/2)x1 Acting at (2. % of Distribution steel is = .1(400-100)/(450-100)=.5^2)/2 B.43 mm c/c .2(2.31= 517.25) -23628 N-m `=80280+48093-30501-121500 req.214x400x1000/100 = Area to be provided by each face = Spacing of 8 mm bars = Provide 8 mm @110 c/c on each face 100 mm thick and 450 856 mm2 428 mm2 117.87/350 = using 12φ bars spacing = provide 12 mm bars at 110mm c/c at The bottom face Ast= -23628*10^3/150/0.27 mm 1000*113/-517.19x5+(9. d= Provide Total depth = deff=(400-50)mm Ast= 44775*10^3/150/0.2x3x1x25000 = Weight of roof slab .4)=1.9^2)/8+39100x1.5(5.25+.44 mm Distribution steel @ 0.M at the edge of cantilever portion = (18450x.214 Distribution steel = 0.9-2x49750 Reaction on each wall=68355/2 Pa= 0.3-.31 mm2 218.7/2)-45000x.5/3+.23 m above the bottom of base slab B.30% for 0.

m m .

.

at 1 M above base. (Causing tension outside) (Causing tension inside) .

(causing Tension inside) (causing Tension outside) .

hence s 16mm ɸ @ 200mm c/c in the mid-span vide greater one of the two reinforcement ll be reduced to half the value. hence ction ection for bottom 1m height.s 16mm ɸ @ 250mm c/c in the mid-span vide greater one of the two reinforcement ll be reduced to half the value. .