Keyboard Shortcuts for Making Selections of Objects Onscreen
Keystroke
E
Spacebar
Ctrl key + left click
Ctrl key + right click

Purpose
Puts you in a mode to select edges of area objects
Removes you from the mode where you can select area object edges
Pops up a dialog box where you choose which overlapping item you would like to select
Pops up a dialog box where you choose which overlapping item's right click information you
would like to see

Keyboard Shortcuts for Various ETABS Menu Items
Keystroke
Ctrl+N
Ctrl+O
Ctrl+S
Ctrl+P
Alt+F4

Corresponding Menu Command
File menu > New Model
File menu > Open
File menu > Save
File menu > Print Graphics
File menu > Exit

Ctrl+X
Ctrl+C
Ctrl+V
Del

Edit menu > Cut
Edit menu > Copy
Edit menu > Paste
Edit menu > Delete

Ctrl+A
F5
F1

Select menu > Select All
Analysis menu > Run
Help menu > Search for Help On

Keyboard Shortcuts for Making Selections in List Boxes
First left click to select an item in the list box. Then:
Keystroke
Purpose
Ctrl key + left click Select more items in list box that are either adjacent or non-adjacent to the first selection
Shift key + left click Select all items in list box from the first one clicked on to the last one clicked on, inclusive
(Note: You can also hold down the left mouse button and drag the mouse to select a block of items in a list box)

Keyboard Shortcuts for Constraints Used While Drawing Objects
Keystroke
X
Y
Z
A
Spacebar

Purpose
Constrain current line or edge to have a constant X coordinate
Constrain current line or edge to have a constant Y coordinate
Constrain current line or edge to have a constant Z coordinate
Constrain current line or edge to a specified angle
Remove current constraint option

Keyboard Shortcuts for Constraints Used While Reshaping Objects
Keystroke
X
Y
Z
A
Spacebar

Purpose
Constrain object or edge movement to have a constant X coordinate
Constrain object or edge movement to have a constant Y coordinate
Constrain object or edge movement to have a constant Z coordinate
Constrain object or edge movement to a specified angle
Remove current constraint option

elev) Pan Create Areas at Click (plan.EDB File Reshaper Save Model Draw Point Objects (displays flyout button) Undo Create Points (plan. 3D) Zoom Out One Step Draw Rectangular Areas (plan. elev) 3D View Draw Walls (plan) Plan View Create Walls in Region or at Clicks (plan) Elevation View Select All Rotate 3D View Restore Previous Selection Perspective Toggle Clear Selection Move Up in List Set Intersecting Line Select Mode Move Down in List Snap to Points Object Shrink Toggle Snap to Middle and Ends Set Building View Options Snap to Intersections Show Undeformed Shape Snap to Perpendicular Display Static Deformed Shape Snap to Lines and Edges Display Mode Shape Snap to Invisible Grid Display Member Force Diagram Display Output Tables . 3D) Lock/Unlock Model Create Lines in Region or at Clicks (all views) Run Analysis Create Columns in Region or at Clicks (plan) Rubber Band Zoom Create 2ndary Beams in Region or at Clicks (plan) Restore Full View Create Braces in Region or at Clicks (elev) Restore Previous Zoom Draw Area Objects (displays flyout buttons) Zoom In One Step Draw Areas (plan. 3D) Redo Draw Line Objects (displays flyout buttons) Refresh Window Draw Lines (plan.Main (Top) Toolbar Buttons Side Toolbar Buttons New Model Pointer Open . elev. elev.

USA First Edition December 1999 .ETABS® Three Dimensional Analysis and Design of Building Systems ETABS USER’S MANUAL Volume 1 Computers and Structures. Berkeley. California. Inc.

. The CSI Logo is a registered trademark of Computers and Structures. Worldwide rights of ownership rest with Computers and Structures. Inc. Inc. without prior written authorization from Computers and Structures. Further information and copies of this documentation may be obtained from: Computers and Structures. California 94704 USA Phone: (510) 845-2177 FAX: (510) 845-4096 e-mail: info@csiberkeley. Inc. is explicitly prohibited.com (for technical support questions) web: www. 1978-1999. Adobe and Acrobat are registered trademarks of Adobe Systems Incorporated .Copyright The computer program ETABS and all associated documentation are proprietary and copyrighted products. Inc. Unlicensed use of the program or reproduction of the documentation in any form. Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Inc. Inc..csiberkeley.com (for general questions) e-mail: support@csiberkeley. ETABS is a registered trademark of Computers and Structures.com ã Copyright Computers and Structures. 1995 University Avenue Berkeley.

THE USER ACCEPTS AND UNDERSTANDS THAT NO WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED BY THE DEVELOPERS OR THE DISTRIBUTORS ON THE ACCURACY OR THE RELIABILITY OF THE PROGRAM. HOWEVER. IN USING THE PROGRAM.DISCLAIMER CONSIDERABLE TIME. THE USER MUST EXPLICITLY UNDERSTAND THE ASSUMPTIONS OF THE PROGRAM AND MUST INDEPENDENTLY VERIFY THE RESULTS. . THE PROGRAM HAS BEEN THOROUGHLY TESTED AND USED. EFFORT AND EXPENSE HAVE GONE INTO THE DEVELOPMENT AND DOCUMENTATION OF ETABS.

Professor Emeritus.ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thanks are due to all of the numerous structural engineers. Edward L. who was responsible for the conception and development of the original ETABS and whose continued originality has produced many unique concepts that have been implemented in this version. who over the years have given valuable feedback that has contributed toward the enhancement of this product to its current state. Wilson. . University of California at Berkeley. Special recognition is due Dr.

Subheadings are provided in the chapter list section to help give you a sense of how this manual is divided into several different parts. If you are new to ETABS we suggest that you read Chapters 1 through 6 in Volume 1 and then use the rest of the manual (Volumes 1 and 2) as a reference guide on an as-needed basis. i . chapter title and the pages that the chapter covers.C Volume 1 Contents Tip: If you are just getting started with ETABS Version 7 we suggest that you read Chapters 1 through 6 in Volume 1 and then use the rest of the manual (Volumes 1 and 2) as a reference guide on an asneeded basis. the highlighted tabs at the edge of each page may help you locate the chapter more quickly. When searching through the manual for a particular chapter. Following the chapter list is the expanded table of contents for Volume 1. The Table of Contents for Volume 1 of this manual consists of a chapter list that covers both Volumes 1 and 2 followed by an expanded table of contents for Volume 1 only. It shows you the chapter number (if applicable). If you are not responsible for installing ETABS then you can skip Chapter 2. If you are not responsible for installing ETABS then you can skip Chapter 2. Here all section headers and subsection headers are listed along with their associated page numbers for each chapter in Volume 1. The chapter list devotes one line to each chapter.

............................Volume 1 C ETABS User’s Manual Chapter List Volume 1 Volume 1 Contents Chapter Title Pages N. Introduction and Getting Started Information Chapter Title Pages 1 Introduction ............................................................................................ 4-1 to 4-16 5 Overview of an ETABS Model.................................................... vi to xx Note: Chapter 4 provides a comprehensive description of the various parts of the ETABS graphic interface........ Chapter List...... 1-1 to 1-10 2 Installation .............. 6-1 to 6-10 ........................ 5-1 to 5-5 6 ETABS Modeling Tips ........................ Expanded Table of Contents......... A......................... ii Chapter Title Pages 4 The ETABS Graphical User Interface . A...................... 3-1 to 3-7 General Overview of ETABS Note: Chapter 6 provides information on how to create an ETABS model........ 2-1 to 2-14 3 Getting Help ....................................... i to vi N.................ETABS User’s Manual ............

..12-1 to 12-22 13 The ETABS Select Menu ........................................................... A............................Volume 1 Contents C The ETABS Menus Chapter Title Pages 7 Overview of the ETABS Menus ... References........................................10-1 to 10-30 11 The ETABS Define Menu.......................14-1 to 14-64 15 The ETABS Analyze Menu ..................................................................... 7-1 to 7-2 Note: 8 The ETABS File Menu ......................................... 8-1 to 8-30 Chapters 8 through 19 document most of the menu commands and toolbar button shortcuts available in ETABS....... A...........Index-1 to Index-12 iii ..............19-1 to 19-2 Other Information Chapter Title Pages N............................................................... 9 The ETABS Edit Menu................ 9-1 to 9-43 10 The ETABS View Menu ...............11-1 to 11-65 12 The ETABS Draw Menu..........................References-1 to References-4 N.........15-1 to 15-9 16 The ETABS Display Menu ...........13-1 to 13-6 14 The ETABS Assign Menu ........ Index .................18-1 to 18-23 19 The ETABS Help Menu.......17-1 to 17-6 18 The ETABS Options Menu............16-1 to 16-40 17 The ETABS Design Menu..................................................................

...................................................................................................................... A..........................ETABS User’s Manual .... 30-1 to 30-12 31 Manual Meshing of Area Objects ..Volume 1 C Volume 2 Volume 2 Contents Chapter Title Pages N......................................... 27-1 to 27-13 28 Automatic Seismic Loads ............................................................ iv Title Pages 20 Units ..... 29-1 to 29-19 30 Automatic Meshing of Area and Line Objects ....................... 23-1 to 23-21 24 Line Objects ............. 26-1 to 26-12 27 Load Cases.................. Load Combinations and Mass.......................................................... i to vi N...................vi to xxi Detailed Information on Selected ETABS Topics Chapter Note: Volume 2 provides detailed information on a variety of ETABS subjects......................... 33-1 to 33-24 .............. Expanded Table of Contents......... 25-1 to 25-12 26 Groups and Section Cuts . 24-1 to 24-31 25 Point Objects.......... A............................................................. Chapter List..................... 20-1 to 20-5 21 Coordinate Systems......... 31-1 to 31-16 32 Transformation of Loads into the ETABS Analysis Model ..... 22-1 to 22-5 23 Area Objects ................... 28-1 to 28-37 29 Automatic Wind Loads ........................................... 21-1 to 21-7 22 Story Level Data....... 32-1 to 32-32 33 Overview of ETABS Analysis Techniques.

.....39-1 to 39-4 40 Printed Input Tables.....................37-1 to 37-7 38 Wall Pier and Spandrel Output Conventions.........................................................................................................48-1 to 48-28 v ..Volume 1 Contents C ETABS Analysis Output Chapter Note: Chapters 34 through 43 document the ETABS analysis output......................35-1 to 35-5 36 Shell Element Output Conventions ... Design information is documented in the design manuals.................43-1 to 43-6 44 Inserting ETABS Output into Written Reports ...........36-1 to 36-14 37 Link Element Output Conventions....34-1 to 34-5 35 Frame Element Output Conventions................................................40-1 to 40-3 41 Printed Output Tables ............................ Title Pages 34 Point Object Output Conventions.............44-1 to 44-3 Introduction to the ETABS Design Postprocessors Note: Chapters 45 through 48 provide information on how to use the ETABS design postprocessors Chapter Title Pages 45 Steel Frame Design ..................46-1 to 46-15 47 Composite Beam Design ...............45-1 to 45-17 46 Concrete Frame Design...41-1 to 41-14 42 Database Input/Output Tables .......47-1 to 47-19 48 Shear Wall Design ...............................................................................38-1 to 38-6 39 Section Cut Output Conventions...42-1 to 42-2 43 The ETABS Log and Out Files................

ETABS User’s Manual .............The ETABS Menu Structure...........Expanded Contents CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION Welcome to ETABS! 1-1 Organization of This Manual 1-3 ETABS: A Special Purpose Program 1-4 Significant Features of ETABS 1-5 Modeling Features 1-5 Analysis Features 1-6 Design Features 1-8 Advantages of ETABS over Other Programs 1-9 CHAPTER 2: INSTALLATION What Your ETABS Package Includes 2-2 System Requirements 2-2 Installation of the ETABS Program 2-3 Single User Installation 2-4 Network Server Installation 2-5 Network Workstation Installation 2-6 vi ..... References.....Volume 1 ....Volume 1 C Other Information Chapter Title Pages N....References-1 to References-4 N....... A........... A...........Index-1 to Index-12 ETABS User’s Manual .. Index . Appendix 1 ....... A1-1 to A1-13 N.......... A...........

Volume 1 Contents C Installing From Your ETABS CD 2-8 Installing from a Network Server 2-8 Removing ETABS from Your System 2-9 Installing the Sentinel Driver 2-9 Using the Hardware Key Device 2-11 Using the Hardware Key Device on a Single Computer 2-11 Using the Hardware Key Device on a Local Area Network 2-12 The NSRVGX Program 2-13 Troubleshooting ETABS Installation Problems 2-14 Upgrading from ETABS 6 2-14 CHAPTER 3: GETTING HELP User Manuals Provided With ETABS 3-1 Reference Book Provided With ETABS 3-2 On-Line Help 3-2 Technical Notes on Our Web Site 3-3 Phone. Fax and E-Mail Technical Support 3-3 Phone Support 3-4 Fax Support 3-4 E-Mail Support 3-5 Help Us to Provide You Technical Support 3-5 “Hands On” Training 3-6 Seminars 3-7 CHAPTER 4: THE ETABS GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE Features of the Graphical User Interface 4-1 Main Window 4-1 Main Title Bar 4-2 Menu Bar 4-2 vii .

ETABS User’s Manual .Volume 1 C Main (Top) Toolbar 4-3 Side Toolbar 4-3 Display Windows 4-4 Display Title Bar 4-5 Status Bar 4-5 Mouse Pointer Position Coordinates 4-6 Plan View Drawing and Assignment Similarity 4-6 Current Units 4-7 The ETABS Aerial View 4-8 Using the Mouse 4-9 Starting a Model 4-11 The Two Modes of ETABS 4-12 Locking and Unlocking a Model 4-13 Undo Features in ETABS 4-14 Tips for Using the Graphical User Interface 4-15 CHAPTER 5: OVERVIEW OF AN ETABS MODEL The Concept of Objects 5-2 The ETABS Analysis Model 5-4 CHAPTER 6: ETABS MODELING TIPS Modeling Process 6-1 Modeling Tips 6-5 CHAPTER 7: OVERVIEW OF THE ETABS MENUS General 7-1 CHAPTER 8: THE ETABS FILE MENU General 8-1 viii .

Copy and Paste 9-2 Point Object Headings in Spreadsheet 9-3 ix .Volume 1 Contents C Starting a New Model 8-1 Initialization of a New Model 8-2 Defining a Grid System 8-4 Defining Story Data 8-5 Adding Structural Objects from a Template 8-6 Steel Floor System Template 8-8 Flat Slab Template 8-10 Flat Slab with Perimeter Beams Template 8-12 Two-Way Slab Template 8-13 Waffle Slab Template 8-15 Ribbed Slab Template 8-17 Opening an Existing Model 8-19 Saving Models 8-20 Importing Files 8-21 Exporting Files 8-22 Creating Videos 8-26 Printing from ETABS 8-27 Printing Graphics 8-27 Printing Text Input and Output Tables 8-28 Printing Analysis Input Data 8-28 Printing Analysis Output Data 8-29 User Comments and Session Log 8-29 Displaying Input/Output Text Files 8-29 Exiting ETABS 8-30 CHAPTER 9: THE ETABS EDIT MENU General 9-1 Cut.

Line and Area Objects 9-29 Moving Objects in the Z Direction 9-30 Expanding and Shrinking Areas 9-30 x .Volume 1 C Line Object Headings in Spreadsheet 9-4 Area Object Headings in Spreadsheet 9-6 Delete 9-7 Add to Model From Template 9-7 Two-Dimensional Frame 9-8 Three-Dimensional Frame 9-8 Replicating Objects 9-9 Linear Replication 9-9 Radial Replication 9-9 Mirror Replication 9-11 Story Replication 9-11 Assignments that are Replicated 9-13 Editing Coordinate System Grid Line Data 9-14 Editing Story Data 9-17 Inserting a New Story Level 9-17 Deleting a Story Level 9-18 Reference Planes and Reference Lines 9-18 Merging Points 9-19 Aligning Points.ETABS User’s Manual . Y or Z-Coordinate 9-23 Align to X or Y Grid Lines 9-23 Trim or Extend Selected Lines 9-25 Align Selected Points 9-27 Align Tolerance 9-28 Moving Point. Lines and Edges 9-20 Coordinate System 9-22 Align Options 9-22 Align to X.

Volume 1 Contents C Merging Areas 9-32 Joining Lines 9-33 Dividing Lines 9-35 Reshaper Tool 9-37 Reshaping Area Objects 9-38 Reshaping Line Objects 9-39 Reshaping Dimension Lines 9-40 Reshaping Point Objects 9-40 Moving/Reshaping Objects in the Z Direction 9-41 The ETABS Nudge Feature 9-42 CHAPTER 10: THE ETABS VIEW MENU General 10-1 Types of Views 10-1 Three Dimensional (3D) Views 10-2 Plan Views 10-5 Elevation Views 10-6 Perspective Views 10-8 Perspective Toggle in a Plan View 10-8 Perspective Toggle in an Elevation View 10-8 Perspective Toggle in a Three-Dimensional View 10-9 Custom Views 10-9 Viewing Tools Available in ETABS 10-10 View Limits 10-10 Show Selection Only and Show All 10-11 Zoom Features 10-11 Pan Feature 10-13 Refresh Views and Windows 10-14 Change Axes Location 10-15 xi .

ETABS User’s Manual .Volume 1 C Make Measurements in your ETABS Model 10-15 Building View Options 10-16 View by Colors 10-17 Special Effects 10-18 Object Visibility 10-19 Object View Options 10-22 Piers and Spandrels 10-23 Other Visibility Options 10-24 Special Frame Items 10-26 Other Special Items 10-29 CHAPTER 11: THE ETABS DEFINE MENU General 11-1 Material Properties 11-1 Frame Section Properties 11-6 Importing Sections from a Database 11-7 Adding User-Defined Frame Section Properties 11-9 Adding Frame Section Properties using Section Designer 11-11 Nonprismatic Sections 11-13 Segment Lengths 11-15 Starting and Ending Sections 11-15 Variation of Properties 11-16 Effect upon End Offsets Along the Length of Frame Elements 11-17 Reinforcing for Concrete Frame Section Properties 11-17 Reinforcing Information for Beams 11-17 Reinforcing Information for Columns 11-19 Wall/Slab/Deck Section Properties 11-21 Defining Wall and Slab Sections 11-21 Defining Deck Sections 11-23 xii .

Volume 1 Contents C Link Properties 11-26 Frame Nonlinear Hinge Properties 11-27 Section Cuts 11-27 Defining Section Cuts 11-28 Response Spectrum Functions 11-29 Response Spectrum Functions from a File 11-30 User-Defined Response Spectrum Functions 11-32 Code Specific Response Spectrum Functions 11-33 1994 UBC Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-34 1997 UBC Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-34 1996 BOCA Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-35 1995 NBCC Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-35 IBC2000 Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-36 1997 NEHRP Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-36 1998 Eurocode 8 Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-37 1992 NZS 4203 Parameters for a Response Spectrum Function 11-37 Modifying and Deleting Response Spectrum Functions 11-38 Time History Functions 11-38 Time History Functions from a File 11-38 User-Defined Time History Functions 11-41 ETABS Template Time History Functions 11-42 Sine Time History Function Template Parameters 11-43 Cosine Time History Function Template Parameters 11-44 Ramp Time History Function Template Parameters 11-44 Sawtooth Time History Function Template Parameters 11-45 Triangular Time History Function Template Parameters 11-46 Static Load Cases 11-46 xiii .

Volume 1 C Response Spectrum Cases 11-50 Spectrum Case Name 11-50 Structural and Function Damping 11-50 Modal Combination 11-52 Directional Combination 11-53 Input Response Spectra 11-55 Excitation Angle 11-55 Time History Cases 11-56 History Case Name 11-56 Options 11-56 Load Assignments 11-60 Static Nonlinear/Pushover Cases 11-63 Load Combinations 11-63 Mass Source 11-64 CHAPTER 12: THE ETABS DRAW MENU General 12-1 The ETABS Similar Stories Feature 12-2 Drawing Point Objects 12-3 Drawing Line Objects 12-3 Floating Properties of Object Window for Line Objects 12-8 Drawing Area Objects 12-9 Floating Properties of Object Window for Area Objects 12-12 Developed Elevations 12-12 Dimension Lines 12-17 Special Drawing Controls 12-18 ETABS Snap Options 12-18 Drawing Constraints in ETABS 12-21 xiv .ETABS User’s Manual .

Volume 1 Contents CHAPTER 13: C THE ETABS SELECT MENU General 13-1 Basic Methods of Selecting Objects 13-1 Other Methods of Selecting Objects 13-4 Deselecting Objects 13-6 CHAPTER 14: THE ETABS ASSIGN MENU General 14-1 Assignments to Point Objects 14-1 Rigid Diaphragm Assignments to Point Objects 14-2 Panel Zone Assignments to Point Objects 14-3 Properties 14-4 Connectivity 14-6 Local 2-Axis 14-8 Options 14-9 Restraint (Support) Assignments to Point Objects 14-9 Point Spring Assignments to Point Objects 14-10 Coupled Springs 14-12 Link Property Assignments to Point Objects 14-13 Additional Point Mass Assignments to Point Objects 14-14 Force Loads to Point Objects 14-16 Ground Displacement Assignments to Point Objects 14-18 Temperature Loads Assignments to Point Objects 14-20 Assignments to Line Objects 14-22 Frame Section Assignments to Line Objects 14-22 Frame Releases and Partial Fixity Assignments to Line Objects 14-23 Unstable End Releases 14-24 Frame Rigid Offset Assignments to Line Objects 14-24 Rigid End Offsets Along the Length of Frame Elements 14-25 xv .

ETABS User’s Manual .Volume 1 C Automatically Calculated End Offset Lengths 14-25 End Offset Properties and the Rigid-Zone Factor 14-26 Rigid Frame Joint Offsets 14-27 Frame Output Station Assignments to Line Objects 14-28 Local Axes Assignments to Line Objects 14-29 Frame Property Modifier Assignments to Line Objects 14-31 Link Property Assignments to Line Objects 14-32 Frame Nonlinear Hinge Assignments to Line Objects 14-32 Pier Label Assignments to Line Objects 14-34 Spandrel Label Assignments to Line Objects 14-35 Line Spring Assignments to Line Objects 14-36 Additional Line Mass Assignments to Line Objects 14-38 Automatic Frame Mesh/No Mesh Assignments to Line Objects 14-39 Point Load Assignments to Line Objects 14-40 Distributed Load Assignments to Line Objects 14-42 Temperature Load Assignments to Line Objects 14-46 Assignments to Area Objects 14-48 Wall. Slab and Deck Section Assignments to Area Objects 14-48 Opening Assignments to Area Objects 14-49 Rigid Diaphragm Assignments to Area Objects 14-49 Local Axes Assignments to Area Objects 14-50 Shell Stiffness Modifiers Assignments to Area Objects 14-51 Pier Label Assignments to Area Objects 14-52 Spandrel Label Assignments to Area Objects 14-53 Area Spring Assignments to Area Objects 14-54 Additional Area Mass Assignments to Area Objects 14-56 Automatic Membrane Floor Mesh/No Mesh Assignments to Area Objects 14-57 Uniform Surface Load Assignments to Area Objects 14-58 xvi .

Volume 1 Contents C Temperature Load Assignments to Area Objects 14-60 Group Name Assignments 14-63 Clear Display of Assigns 14-64 CHAPTER 15: THE ETABS ANALYZE MENU Analysis Options 15-1 Building Active Degrees of Freedom 15-1 Dynamic Analysis Parameters 15-3 P-Delta Analysis Parameters 15-5 Run Analysis 15-8 Analyze Window 15-9 Run Static Nonlinear Analysis 15-9 CHAPTER 16: THE ETABS DISPLAY MENU General 16-1 Undeformed Shape 16-1 Loads 16-2 Joint/Point Loads 16-2 Frame/Line Loads 16-3 Shell/Area Loads 16-5 Input Table Mode 16-6 Deformed Shape 16-7 Mode Shape 16-12 Member Force and Stress Diagrams 16-14 Support and Spring Reactions 16-14 Frame Element. Pier and Spandrel Forces 16-17 Shell Forces and Stresses 16-20 Load 16-21 Component Type 16-21 xvii .

ETABS User’s Manual .Volume 1 C Component 16-21 Contour Range 16-24 Stress Averaging 16-24 Miscellaneous Notes about Shell Element Forces and Stresses 16-26 Link Element Forces 16-26 Energy Diagram 16-27 Response Spectrum Curves 16-29 Define Tab 16-29 Axes Tab 16-30 Options Tab 16-31 Frequency/Period Tab 16-32 Damping Tab 16-33 Time History Traces 16-34 Static Pushover Curve 16-39 Section Cut Forces 16-39 Output Table Mode 16-40 CHAPTER 17: THE ETABS DESIGN MENU Overview 17-1 Overwrite Frame Design Procedure 17-2 Background 17-2 ETABS Default Design Procedure Assignments 17-3 The Overwrite Frame Design Procedure Command 17-4 CHAPTER 18: THE ETABS OPTIONS MENU General 18-1 Preferences 18-1 Dimensions and Tolerances 18-2 Output Decimals 18-6 xviii .

Volume 1 Contents C Reinforcement Bar Sizes 18-7 Overview 18-7 Reinforcing Bar Sizes Dialog Box 18-9 Live Load Reduction 18-10 General 18-10 Method Area in the Live Load Reduction Factor Dialog Box 18-10 No Live Load Reduction 18-10 Tributary Area Live Load Reduction 18-11 Influence Area Live Load Reduction 18-11 User-Defined Live Load Reduction 18-12 Minimum Factor Area in the Live Load Reduction Factor Dialog Box 18-13 Application Area in the Live Load Reduction Factor Dialog Box 18-13 Application to Columns Area in the Live Load Reduction Factor Dialog Box 18-14 Tributary Area 18-14 Colors 18-14 Display Colors 18-15 Output Colors 18-17 Other Option Items 18-20 Windows 18-20 Startup Tips 18-20 Bounding Plane 18-21 Moment Diagrams on Tension Side 18-22 Sound 18-22 Lock Model 18-22 Aerial View Window 18-23 Floating Property Window 18-23 Crosshairs 18-23 xix .

Volume 1 C CHAPTER 19: THE ETABS HELP MENU The ETABS Help File 19-1 About ETABS 19-1 REFERENCES INDEX xx .ETABS User’s Manual .