Republic of the Philippines

Department of Education
DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue
Pasig City

K to 12 Curriculum Guide

HEALTH
(Grade 9)

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM

December 2013

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

The Kindergarten to Grade 12 (“K to 12”) Health curriculum aims to assist the Filipino learner in attaining, sustaining and promoting life-long
health and wellness. The learning experience through theThe program ’s rich and challenging learning experiencesprovides opportunities for the
development of health literacy competencies among students and to enhance their over-all student well-being.
Health Education from Kindergarten to Grade 10 focuses on the physical, mental, emotional, as well as the social, moral and spiritual
dimensions of holistic health. It enables the learners to acquire essential knowledge, attitudes, and skills that are necessary to promote good nutrition;,
to prevent and control diseases; to prevent and substance misuse and abuse; ,to reduce health-related risk behaviors; to prevent and control injuries
with the end- in view of maintaining and improving personal, family, community, and as well as global health.
Health Education emphasizes the development of positive heath attitudes and relevant skills for in order to achieve a good quality of living. Thus,
the focus on skills development is explicitly demonstrated in the primary grade levelss. Meanwhile, In the upper years, a comprehensive body of
knowledge is provided in the upper year levels to serve as a foundation in developing desirable health attitudes, habits and practices.

K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013

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Conceptual Framework of Health Education K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 3 of 20 . and using life skills and value-based strategies particularly in discussing sensitive topics such as substance abuse and sexuality. and music in imparting health messages. engaging learners in meaningful games and cooperative learning activities. the teacher is highly encouraged to use developmentally-appropriate learner-centered teaching approaches. incorporating arts.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM In order to facilitate the development of health literacy competencies. The teacher is also advised to use differentiated instruction in order to cater to the learners’ various needs and abilities. This includes scaffolding on student experience and prior learning. utilizing culture-responsive scenarios and materials.

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM Holistic Values-based Preventive Health and Life Skills-based Learner-centered Culture-responsive Rights-based Standards and Outcomes-based K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Epidemiological Page 4 of 20 .

the Health curriculum provides arelevant context for improvinga range of health and learning outcomesparticularly readiness to learn.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM In general. HEALTH CONTENT AREAS Health Content Areas K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 5 of 20 . self-efficacy and pro-social behaviors.

Substance Use and Abuse: Highlights the prevention and control of the use. waste management. with the support edofby individual and community actions and legislation to promote promoting a standard of health. Community and Environmental Health: Situates the learner as an integral part of the community and the environment. Growth and Development: Emphasizes developmental milestones and health concerns during puberty and adolescence with focus on personal health and the development of self-management skills to cope with life’s changes. costs. Prevention and Control of Diseases and Disorders: Involves the prevention and control of both communicable and non-communicable diseases and disorders through the development of health habits and practices and the adoption of health programs supported by legislation and with provisions on fschool and community health services in the school and in the community. and moral-spiritual health and prevent or manage personal health issues and concerns. Nutrition: Addresses the importance of eating healthy and establishing good eating habits especially for children and adolescents as a way to enhance health and prevent diseases. misuse. and the importance of learning and using resistance skills to protect oneself from drug risk-taking behaviors. mental. Prevention can be done through the promotion of safe environments. K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 6 of 20 . and abuse of substances and drugs by providing comprehensive information on the nature of abused substances. and services. values and standards of behavior regarding with regard to sexuality and responsible parenthood. Consumer Health: Focuses on the application of consumer knowledge and skills in the effective wiseevaluation. social. pollution control. family and society in general. Family Health: Covers information about on the human life cycle and also related to on family dynamics that influences an individual’s development of ideals. products. and prevention of accidents and injuries in while performing various activities at home. the negative impact of substance abuse on the individual. the development of safety programs. Safety and First Aid: Discusses the causes. and as well as the delivery of primary health care. which including includes first aid education and disaster preparedness programs. in the school and or in the community. pest control. with a great responsibility in of protecting the environment.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM Injury Prevention. procedures and services. selection and use of health information. hygiene and safety in food and water supply. emotional. Personal Health: Comprises personal health habits and practices that promote physical.

social.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HEALTH CURRICULUM Characteristics of the Health Curriculum Culture-responsive: Uses the cultural knowledge. through the consideration of ethical values as the bases of good educational practice. prior experiences. prevalence and distribution of adiseases in populations. Epidemiological: Relates to the incidence. and learning styles with the teacher as a facilitator of learning. Standards and outcomes-based: Requires students to demonstrate that they have learned the academic standards set on specific content and competencies. and the dimensions of health (physical. others and the environment. 2000). Learner-centered: Focuses on the student's needs. moral and spiritual). Holistic: Analyzes the interrelationship among the factors that influence the health status. emotional. as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments. mental. interests. Values-based: Promotes an educational philosophy based on valuing self. the areas of health. and performance styles of the diverse student bodys to make learning more appropriate and effective for them (Gay. K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 7 of 20 . including detection of the sources and causes of epidemics. Preventive: Characterizes something that helps people take positive health action in order to prevent diseases and to achieve optimum health. Health and Life skills-based: Applies life skills to specific health choices and behaviors. abilities. Rights-based: Advances the realization understanding and recognition of human rights.

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM Key Stage Standards KEY STAGE STANDARDS: K–3 4–6 7 – 10 The learner demonstrates an understanding and observance of healthy habits and practices to in achievinge wellness. The learner demonstrates an understanding of key health concepts related to the in achievingachievement. The learner demonstrates an understanding of how changes. the family and the larger community. K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 8 of 20 . as which are one part of growths and developments. sustaining sustainability and promoting promotion of wellness for as it improves the quality of life offor the individual. impact on healthy practices that help achieve and sustain optimum health and well-being.

K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 9 of 20 . safety and first aid. personal health as well as knowledge in.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM Grade Level Standards GRADE LEVEL STANDARDS:GRA DE LEVELrade Level Grade 1 Grade Level Standards STANDARDS The learner demonstrates an understanding of the essential concepts related to nutrition and. and injury-prevention. as factors in tofacilitatinge the development of healthy habits and practices among individuals.

issues and concerns (). consumer health. and promote health and wellness. the prevention and control of diseases and disorders. Grade 6 The learner demonstrates an understanding of personal health. Grade 7 The learner demonstrates an understanding of growth and development. the development of a health plan and exploration of careers in health to achieve. personal health and injury prevention. Grade 9 Grade 10 The learner demonstrates understanding of community and environmental health. substance use and abuse. safety and first aid to achieve. and promote family health and wellness. Grade 5 The learner demonstrates an understanding of the nature of personal health. safety and first aid to achieve optimum health and well-being. injury prevention. safety and first aid). nutrition. growth and development. prevention and control of diseases and disorders. and promote personal health and wellness. K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 10 of 20 . prevention and control of diseases and disorders. which helps to achieve optimum health and well-being. family health. prevention and control of diseases and disorders. and prevention of substance use and abuse to achieve. Grade 3 The learner demonstrates an understanding and knowledge in the following:of nutrition. and promote community health and wellness. consumer health. leading to the achievement of optimum health and well-being. andas well as injury prevention. and injury prevention. family health. sustain. safety and first aid. The learner demonstrates understanding of consumer health. and community and environmental health. national and global health trends. which are factors that to facilitate the development of healthy habits and practices. and community and environmental health—factors which help to in facilitatinge the development of healthy habits and practices. and injury prevention. safety and first aid. sustain. Grade 4 The learner demonstrates an understanding of nutrition. substance use and abuse. sustain. Grade 8 The learner demonstrates understanding of family health and prevention and control of diseases and disorders (communicable and non-communicable to achieve. sustain.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM GRADE LEVEL STANDARDS:GRA DE LEVELrade Level Grade Level Standards STANDARDS Grade 2 The learner demonstrates an understanding of personal health.

Safety and First Aid (Intentional Injuries) Prevention and Control of Diseases and Disorders (NonCommunicable ) (Drug scenario) Substance Use and Abuse (Gateway drugs) (Global Level) Planning for a Health Career Health Content Matrix for Grades 1 to 10 K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 11 of 20 . Issues and Concerns Substance Use and Abuse Injury Prevention.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM Gradin g Period First Quarte r Secon d Quarte r Third Quarte r Fourth Quarte r Grade 1 Grade 2 Nutrition Personal Health/ Nutrition Nutrition Personal Health Personal Health Prevention and Control of Diseases & Disorders Prevention and Control of Diseases & Disorders Personal Health Personal Health Injury Prevention. Safety and First Aid Grade 3 Consumer Health Injury Prevention. Issues and Concerns (National Level) Substance Use and Abuse Health Trends. Safety & First Aid /Community & Environment al Health Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Nutrition Personal Health Personal Health Growth and Developmen t Family Health I Community and Environment al Health Consumer Health Prevention and Control of Diseases & Disorders Personal Health/ Growth & Developmen t Prevention and Control of Diseases & Disorders Family Health II Injury Prevention. Safety & First Aid/Commun ity and Environment al Health Consumer Health/ Environment al Health Injury Prevention. Safety & First Aid Substance Use and Abuse Injury Prevention. Safety and First Aid Family Health Injury Prevention. Safety and First Aid (Unintention al Injuries) Health Trends. Safety & First Aid/ Consumer Health Nutrition Personal Health Prevention and Control of Diseases and Disorders (Communicabl e) Injury Prevention.

discusses basic information about first aid (principles. defines community and environmental health environmental health demonstrates consistently 1. environmental issues coral reef degradation. Nature and Health Effects protecting the to protect the 3. oil spill. Characteristics of a understanding of demonstrates 2. 4. etc. participates in implementing an environmental project such as building and maintaining a school garden or conducting a war on waste campaign (depends on feasibility) GRADE 9 . climate change) 5. pesticide drift. explains how a healthy of Environmental Issues environment for environment for environment positively impact (improper waste disposal. analyzes the effects of environmental issues on people’s health B.) fishing. roles. First Aid Basics The learner The learner 8. community community the health of people and pollution. demonstrates performs first aid responsibilities.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM GRADE 9 CONTENT CONTENT STANDARDS PERFORMANCE STANDARDS LEARNING COMPETENCY GRADE 9 – COMMUNITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH – 1ST QUARTER (H9CE) A. SAFETY AND FIRST AID (Unintentional) . discusses the nature of deforestation. Environmental policies and laws 7.2nd Quarter (H9IS) A. suggests ways to prevent and 1. Personal responsibility manage environmental health 2. illegal mining. Concept of community and The learner… The learner… 1. wellness wellness communities (less disease. Collective Action for the Environment K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 CODE H9CE-Ia-8 H9CE-Ia-9 LEARNING MATERIALS G7-LM EASE Health Educ G7-LM EASE Health Educ H9CE-Ib-d10 H9CE-Ib-d11 G7-LM EASE Health Educ H9CE-Ib-d12 G7-LM EASE Health Educ H9CE-Ie-f13 H9CE-Ig-h14 H9IS-IIa36 G7-LM EASE Health Educ 2010 SEC OHSP Health Page 12 of 20 . describes a healthy community Healthy Community the principles in healthful practices 2. cyanide health care cost. Social consciousness issues 3. Prevention and Management of Environmental Health Issues 6. less soil erosion. and understanding of procedures with characteristics of a good aider) C.INJURY PREVENTION.

f42 H9IS-IIg. handkerchief) 1. burned hand. large enough to cover the wound. Do secondary survey of the victim (head-to-toe survey) CONTENT STANDARDS first aid principles and procedures C. assess CAB: (Circulation. assesses emergency situation for unintentional injuries H9IS-IIb38 11. demonstrates proper techniques in carrying and transporting the victim of unintentional injuries 15. chair carry ) 3.d40 13. First Aid Guidelines and Procedures Survey the scene 1. One-person carry ankle drag. and dislocated arm) D. demonstrates the conduct of primary and secondary survey of the victim (CAB) H9IS-IIb37 10. demonstrates appropriate bandaging techniques for unintentional injuries H9IS-IIc. forehead. explains the principles of wound dressing H9IS-IIc.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM CONTENT B. Two-person carry (twohanded seat.h- 2010 SEC OHSP Health 2010 SEC OHSP Health 2010 SEC 2010 SEC OHSP Health 2010 SEC Page 13 of 20 . Principles of Wound Dressing (careful handling. Use of Dressing and Bandages (alternatives include clean cloth or. Ask for help. should fit snugly and not cut off circulation) 2. First aid for common K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 PERFORMANCE STANDARDS LEARNING COMPETENCY CODE LEARNING MATERIALS accuracy 9. Transporting the Victim (drag and carry techniques) 1. demonstrates proper first aid H9IS-IIe. Breathing) 2. sprained ankle. Bandaging Techniques (for the head. ear. Three man carry E. cheek and jaw.d41 14. blanket pull) 2.d39 H9IS-IIc. Airway. four-handed seat. 3. pack strap carry. Do primary survey of the victim (check for vital signs. discusses the function of dressing and bandages 12.

participation in 18. drowning 10. misuse. heat emergencies (heat exhaustion. bleeding 7. family and community C. analyzes situations for the use abuse and non-use of psychoactive substances 20. Depressants 3. Narcotics 4. fracture. abuse members through and dependence.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM CONTENT CONTENT STANDARDS unintentional injuries and medical emergencies 1.PREVENTION OF SUBSTANCE USE AND A. strain. Harmful effects of drugs on the body 1. bleeding 3. Drug Scenario in the The learner Philippines demonstrates understanding of B. Short-term 2. corrects myths and misconceptions about substance use and abuse 22. partial and full-thickness) 4. poisoning 8. electrocution GRADE 9 . 5. recognizes warning signs of substance use and abuse LEARNING MATERIALS OHSP Health H9S-IIIa14 H9S-IIIa15 H9S-IIIb16 H9S-IIIb17 H9S-IIIc18 H9S-IIId19 EASE Health Educ III H9S-IIId20 Page 14 of 20 . Stimulants 2. identifies the types of drugs/substances of abuse 21. Inhalants D. dislocation) 2. and prevent and control abuse substance use and 19. heart attack 11. musculoskeletal injuries (sprain. heat stroke) 6. explains the concept of community substance use. Hallucinogen 5. describes the drug scenario in the Philippines shares responsibility with 17. choking 9. discusses risk and protective collective action to factors in substance use. Long-term K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 PERFORMANCE STANDARDS LEARNING COMPETENCY CODE procedures for common unintentional injuries 43 ABUSE(Drug Scenario) – 3rd Quarter (H9S) The learner 16. Factors that influence the dangers of substance use and abuse substance use and abuse on the individual. burn (superficial. Drugs/Substances of abuse 1.

21 and community 24. applies decision-making and H9S-IIIg-hresistance skills to prevent 24 substance use and abuse 27. psychological. explains the health. 30.2 discusses the dangers of mainstream. discusses the harmful effects of substance use and abuse on H9S-IIIe-fthe individual. Gateway Drugs The learner The learner 1. Protective and Risk Factors in factors that influence cigarette prevention of smoke cigarettes 28 the Use of Cigarettes and and alcohol use cigarette and Alcohol 30. Alcohol demonstrates demonstrates 27 understanding of personal responsibility in the 29. legal.1 describes the harmful control healthy lifestyle short. analyzes the negative health H9S-IVb-cand strategies for alcohol use through impact of cigarette smoking 29 prevention and the promotion of a 30. Prevention and control of H9S-IIIe-fprevention and control of substance use and abuse 23 substance use and abuse 26. sociocultural.PREVENTION OF SUBSTANCE USE AND ABUSE (GATEWAY DRUGS: CIGARETTE AND ALCOHOL) – 4 th Quarter (H9S) A. discusses strategies in the E. H9S-IIIe-fand economic dimensions of 22 substance use and abuse 25. second hand and third hand smoke. school.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM CONTENT CONTENT STANDARDS PERFORMANCE STANDARDS LEARNING COMPETENCY CODE LEARNING MATERIALS discusses the harmful shortand long-term effects of substance use and abuse on the body 23. Cigarettes H9S-IVa28.3 explain the impact of K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 15 of 20 .and long-term effects of cigarette smoking on the different parts of the body 30. identifies reasons why people H9S-IVaB. discusses gateway drugs 2. family. suggests healthy alternatives to H9S-IIIg-hsubstance use and abuse 25 GRADE 9 .

and long-term effects of drinking alcohol 32. family.2 interprets blood alcohol concentration (BAC) in terms of physiological changes in the body 33. discusses strategies in the prevention and control of cigarette smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages 34. analyzes the negative health impact of drinking alcohol 32.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM CONTENT CONTENT STANDARDS C.1 describes the harmful short. community) CODE LEARNING MATERIALS H9S-IVd30 H9S-IVe-f31 H9S-IVg-h32 H9S-IVg-h33 H9S-IVg-h34 Page 16 of 20 .2 follows policies and laws in the family. and community 34. and community 31. identifies reasons for drinking and for not drinking alcohol 32. explains the impact of drinking alcohol on the family. Prevention. suggests healthy alternatives to cigarettes and alcohol to promote healthy lifestyle (self. and Control of Gateway Drugs K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 PERFORMANCE STANDARDS LEARNING COMPETENCY cigarette smoking on the family.1 apply resistance skills in situations related to cigarette and alcohol use 34. environment. school and community related to cigarette and alcohol use 35.

hygiene and safety in food and water supply. and the delivery of primary health care Consumer health Application of consumer skills in the wise evaluation. Health and Life skillsbased Applies life skills to specific health choices and behaviors Holistic Analyzes the interrelationship among the factors that influence the health status. selection and use of health information. pollution control. social. emotional. noxious animal control. and the dimensions of health (physical. values and standards of behavior regarding sexuality and responsible parenthood Growth and Development Developmental milestones in childhood and adolescence with emphasis on attention to personal health and the development of self-management skills to cope with life’s changes. and services Cultureresponsive Uses the cultural knowledge. the areas of health. mental. waste management.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM GLOSSARY Community and Environmental Health Situates the learner as an integral part of his/her community and the environment. including detection of the source and cause of epidemics Family Health The human life cycle related to the personal interactions within the family that nurtures the individual and that provides a home environment that enhances his/her growth as a person and the development of ideals. moral/spiritual) K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 17 of 20 . supported by individual and community actions and legislation to promote a standard of health. with responsibility to help protect the environment. 2000) Epidemiologic al Studies the incidence and prevalence of disease in large populations. prior experiences. and performance styles of diverse students to make learning more appropriate and effective for them (Gay. products.

abilities. interests. psychological and social needs. and learning styles with the teacher as a facilitator of learning Nutrition Recognition of the nutrients children and adolescents need. through promotion of safe environments. causes. and development of proper eating habits to meet physiological. cost. in the school and in the community and in the performance of different activities. including diseases and disorders that arise from improper eating habits Personal Health Development and daily practice of health behaviors that promote physical.K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM GLOSSARY Injury Prevention. mental. society and the nation K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 18 of 20 . and moral/spiritual health and prevention and management of personal health problems Prevention and Control of Diseases and Disorders Prevention and control of communicable and non-communicable diseases and disorders through the development of health habits and practices and health programs supported by legislation and provision of health services in the school and the community Preventive Helps people take positive action on their health and lifestyle to prevent disease and achieve optimum health Rights-based Furthers the realization of human rights as laid down in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights instruments Standards and outcomesbased Requires students to demonstrate that they have learned the academic standards set on required skills and content Substance Use and Abuse The prevention and control of the use and abuse of substances: their identification. and prevention of accidents and injuries at home. the family. safety programs. effects on the person. social. analysis of the quality and quantity of their food intake. procedures and services. emotional. including first aid education Learnercentered Focuses on the student's needs. Safety and First Aid Causes.

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM GLOSSARY Promotes an educational philosophy based on valuing self. family. community) Growth and Development CODE GD Nutrition N Personal Health PH Injury Prevention. others and the environment. through the consideration of ethical values as the bases of good educational practice Values-based LEGEND SAMPLE Learning Area and Strand/ Subject or Specialization Health Grade Level Grade 9 Domain/Content/ Component/ Topic Prevention of Substance Use and Abuse H9 First Entry Uppercase Letter/s DOMAIN/ COMPONENT S - Roman Numeral *Zero if no specific quarter Lowercase Letter/s *Put a hyphen (-) in between letters to indicate more than a specific week Quarter Week Fourth Quarter Week seven to eight IV g-h - Arabic Number Competency K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Code Book Legend Suggests healthy alternatives to Sample: H9S-IVg-h-34 cigarettes and alcohol 34 to promote healthy lifestyle (self. Safety and First Aid IS Family Health FH Prevention and Control of Diseases and Disorders DD Community and Environmental Health CE Prevention of Substance Use and Abuse S Consumer Health CH Health Trends. Issues and Concerns HC Planning for Health and Career Page 19 of 20 PC .

K to 12 BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM K to 12 Health Curriculum Guide December 2013 Page 20 of 20 .