Practice multi choice questions

CSWIP 3.1
.
1

Applying preheat when welding carbon manganese steel is normally done
to avoid:
a)
Slag inclusions
b)
Hydrogen cracking
c)
Lack of sidewall fusion
d)
Porosity

2

Which of following mechanical properties of a weld in carbon manganese
steel is most affected if the heat input per unit length of weld is
excessively high?
a)
b)
c)
d)

3

You observe centerline cracking a weld that as been made one of five
work stations each making similar components. The first action to take is:
a)
b)
c)
d)

4

6

Impound all welding consumables
Report the occurrence to high authority
Stop all welding
Call for full NDT checks

Which of the following defects is unlikely to be found by visual
inspection.
a)
b)
c)
d)

5

Elongation
Tensile strength
Hardness
Toughness

Linear misalignment
Undercut
Overlap
Linear slag inclusion

Which of the following welding processes uses a resisitive heating system
to achieve weld metal deposition.
a)
b)
c)
d)
Which
in?

Manual metal arc welding
Submerged-arc welding
Electro slag welding
Resistance spot welding
of the following units could Charpy V notch energy be measured
Page 1 of 32

a)
b)
c)
d)
7

The usual method of assessing the sensitivity of radiograph is by means of
a:
a)
b)
c)
d)

8

Bend test
Macro examination
Impact tests
Fracture tests

Hydrogen controlled electrodes were developed principally for:
a)
b)
c)
d)

11

Mandatory
Depend upon site and weather conditions
Dependent upon the contractor’s confidence in his procedures
Only required when CO2 welding is to be used.

Which of the following destructive tests is not normally required for
welder approval test for mild steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

10

Dosimeter
Fluoroscope
IQI ( Penetrameter)
Clinometer

Under normal contract conditions, weld procedure approval tests for pipe
work are:
a)
b)
c)
d)

9

Pounds per square inch
Joules
Newtons per square millimeter
None of the above

The prevention of porosity
The prevention of cracking
The enhancement of arc voltage
Their ease of arc starting

For which of the following is pre-heating most likely to be required?
a)
b)
c)
d)

Austenitic stainless steels
High strength alloy steels
Low and medium strength steels
Low carbon steels

Page 2 of 32

12

Manual metal arc welding of low alloy steels is more likely to be
performed with:
a)
b)
c)
d)

13

which of the following defects is more common to weld deposited by the
CO-2 welding process than weld deposited by manual metal arc?
a)
b)
c)
d)

14

Weld metal cracks
HAZ cracks
Lamellar tearing
Porosity

Which of the following is likely to give the highest impact strength in
ferritic weld metal?
a)
b)
c)
d)

17

Under cut
Porosity
Tungsten inclusions
Linear misalignment

Which of the following can arise from copper inclusions is a ferrite steel
weld?
a)
b)
c)
d)

16

Slag inclusion
Excess penetration
Lack of side fusion
Tungsten inclusions

Which defect would you expect to obtain in TIG welds in non-deoxidized
steel?
a)
b)
c)
d)

15

Rutile electrodes
Cellulosic Electrodes
Iron powder electrodes
Basic hydrogen controlled electrodes

Cellulosic electrodes
Submerged arc with acid flux
Spray transfer Co-2-welding
Basic coated normal metal arc electrodes

Which of the following methods of NDT would be most likely to detect
lack of side fusion in ferritic steel welds?
Page 3 of 32

Which NDT method would you use to check this? a) b) c) d) 19 In improving resistance to stress corrosion cracking In dimensional stability after machining improving In lowering the peak residual stress In softening the steel What is the maximum hardness usually recommended for the HAZ of a medium strength ferritic steel weld? a) b) c) d) 22 Linear slag inclusions Under cuts Overlap Linear misalignment Stress relief is not helpful in one of the following cases. prepared contain crack in the prepared edges. Which one? a) b) c) d) 21 Radiography Magnetic particle Penetrants Ultrasonic flaw detector Which of the following defects do you not expect to find by visual examination of completed welds? a) b) c) d) 20 Penetrants Magnetic particles Radiography Ultrasonic flaw detector 100 DP Hv 350 DP HV 500 DP Hv 750 DP Hv What effect to midthickess lamination in steel plate normaly have when they are located within a weld HAZ? a) b) c) d) Cause lamellar tearing Fuse together to form a bond Affect the weld metal composition Cause internal tearing on a micro-scale Page 4 of 32 . which have been edge.a) b) c) d) 18 You suspected that ferritic steel plates.

0.23 When hydrogen control is specified for a manual metal arc-welding project the electrode would normally be: a) b) c) d) 24 You would with certainty recognize a hydrogen controlled flux covered electrode from its: a) b) c) d) 25 It is too expensive The wire would be too thick The weld metal composition may be wrong The wire is too short When open site working. 1.2% manganese.2% carbon. which groups of welder are most likely to require continuous monitoring? a) b) c) d) 26 Cellulosic Iron oxide Acid Basic Electrode type Power plant type Electrode storage Day temperature The steel composition in structural contract is changed form 0.15% carbon. You would object because: a) b) c) d) 27 Color Length Trade name AWS/BS639 Code Letter When manual metal arc welding is being carried out on an open construction site. Might this influence the incidence of: Page 5 of 32 . What would you investigate? a) b) c) d) 28 Concrete shuttering welding team Pipe welders Plater welders Plant maintenance welders You noticed manual metal arc welding electrodes. serious porosity in manual metal arc welding is brought to your attention. to 0. stripe of flux.6% manganese. are being used as filler wire. for TIG welding.

Which? a) 4.0% Chromium molybdenum b) 12. This is to: a) b) c) d) 31 Leg length Actual throat thickness Weld width For open site manual metal arc welding the following equipment is available. Which would you choose for safe working? a) b) c) d) 34 Scattered porosity Worm hole porosity Parent metal cracking Lack of penetration IN UK practice.0% Nickel Steel When the TIG welding Austenitic Stainless Steel pipe.a) b) c) d) 29 30 One of the following alloys is non-magnetic. BS 499 Part2 specifies that the drawing dimension quoted for a fillet weld is the: a) b) c) 33 Prevent oxidation Prevent under bead cracking Prevent porosity Control the penetration bead shape Pre-heating a carbon steel manual metal arc welding is carried out to minimize the risk of a) b) c) d) 32 Porosity Cracking in the weld area Under cut for fillet welds Lack of root fusion defects Single operator transformer Multi operator transformers AC/DC composite power unit Diesel engine driven motor generator If submerged welding to be used to make butt welds. which would you be most critical of: a) The root gap tolerance Page 6 of 32 .0% Chromium c) Austenitic Stainless Steel d) 9. Argon gas backing is called for.

What would be the effect of this on carbon steel? a) b) c) d) 37 The wire diameter The current return connections The gas flow rate The torch to work angle Pre heating for arc welding applies to: a) b) c) d) 36 The angle of penetration The root face width The gas cut finish HAZ cracking Fatigue life Residual stresses Yield strength Bend test specimens have been taken from a 25 mm thick carbon steel butt weld.b) c) d) 35 During CO-2 welding. the arc length is most likely to be affected by: a) b) c) d) 36 The skill of the welder The quality of the materials The non-destructive procedures The manufacturing methods A fabricating procedure calls for fillet welds to be blended in by grinding. Which would show lack of inter-run fusion: a) Side bend Page 7 of 32 . This is to influence: a) b) c) d) 39 The weld could be hard and brittle The weld metal could be too soft There will be no effect on the weld The weld have under cut A welder qualification test is o verify: a) b) c) d) 38 Assembly welding only Assembly and tack welding Joint over 25 mm thick only Cruciform welds only You see a welder using oxy-acetylene flame with along feathered inner cone.

which of the following controls the profile of the root bead? a) b) Root Face Bevel Angle Page 8 of 32 .b) c) d) 40 Lamellar tearing has been occurred in steel fabrication. What you: a) b) c) d) 42 Root bend Face bend Guided bend Voltage Welding speed Iron powders in the coating Current In the welding of butt joint from one side. what parameter is used for the control penetration into the base material? a) b) c) d) 44 Permit it to proceed Permit it to proceed with fume extraction Stop the operation at once Advise the welder to drink milk and proceed What two functions in arc welding must be in equilibrium to enable a stable arc to be established? a) b) c) d) 43 X-ray examination Dye penetrant Ultrasonic inspection It would not have been found by any inspection method You are to over see arc welding of some machine fittings and find they are cadmium plated. BEFORE welding could it have been found by: a) b) c) d) 41 Arc voltage Current Wire/electrode feed rate Metal burn-off rate In MMA welding.

which parameters give the greatest control of weld appearance during dip transfers or short-circuiting welding? a) b) c) d) 50 Cause corrosion Problems Give off Phosgene Gas Leave Residues All of the Above Which of the following chemical elements has the greater effect on the harden ability of a steel plate? a) b) c) d) 49 Macro Nick break Hardness Charpy vee notch Degreasing components are essential for quality welding but some agents may: a) b) c) d) 48 Constant voltage Flat Characteristic Drooping Characteristic Motor Generator Which of the following destructive tests would indicate the toughness of weld metal/parent metal – HAZ.c) d) 45 What type of power source characteristic is required for manual welding? a) b) c) d) 46 Molybdenum Chromium Titanium Carbon In MAG/CO2 welding. the slag produced can be varied to suit the welding position. a) b) c) d) 47 Root Gap One of the above Wire sick-out length Amperage Wire feed speed Inductance In MMA welding. which type of slag would be required for welding in the HV position? a) Fluid Page 9 of 32 .

b) c) d) 51 52 The weld metal deposits of manual metal arc electrode achieves its mechanical strength through? a) The core wire b) The flux coating c) Iron powder with the flux coating What constituent is needed in coating of electrode of an electrode to prevent formation of porosity in welding of rimming steel? a) b) c) d) 53 Prevent formation of porosity in the weld Prevent burn-through in the root run Prevent oxidation of the rood bead Eliminate the formation of H2 In X-ray the quality of the radiograph negative is assessed by the? a) b) c) d) 56 Ductility Toughness Fatigue strength Mechanical strength In the welding of Austenitic pipe work. the borer is usually purged with Ar to? a) b) c) d) 55 Iron powder Calcium fluoride Silicon Calcium carbonate Welds made with high heat inputs show a reduction in one of the following properties? a) b) c) d) 54 Viscous None of the above Semi fluid Density of the Film IQI indicator KVA available Stand-off distance A steel described. as QT will have improved tensile properties it has? a) b) c) Had control of chemical composition Been heat treated Been quality tested Page 10 of 32 .

d) 57 Which one o the following steels would give rise to the formation of porosity when autogenously welded with an arc process? a) b) c) d) 58 Cracking I the HAZ The formation of chromium carbides Cracking in the weld metal Distortion Submerged arc fluxes can be supplied in two forms. The reason for this is to prevent? a) b) c) d) 61 Insufficient flux melting Excessive flux melting Slag removal difficulties Spatter The use of cellulosic electrode is often made when welding the root pass of pipes in the field. This is because? a) b) c) d) 60 Fully killed steel Semi killed steel Rimming steel Fine grained steel In submerged arc welding. which has improved creep properties at elevated temperature. the electrode and plate material can be purchased with low carbon contents. thses are? a) b) c) d) 62 Hydrogen control is needed Iron powder in the electrode Higher arc voltage can be obtained Shorter arc length can be achieved In the welding of Austenitic stainless steels. the use of excessively high voltage would result in? a) b) c) d) 59 Been vacuum melted Sintered and agitated Agitated and fused Crushed and agglomerated Fused and agglomerated In a steel. which one of the following elements helps in this improvement? a) b) Tungsten Manganese Page 11 of 32 .

is the metal at the interface in the? a) b) c) d) 66 Prevent the formation of sulphides Prevent hardening in the HAZ Prevent the formation of carbides To improve mechanical properties in the weld Which of the system of fusion? a) b) c) d) 65 Molybdenum Carbon Shows reduction in size Is flat and featureless Breaks in the weld metal Breaks in the parent material What destructive test would be required to ascertain the likelihood of cracking in the HAZ of a weld? a) b) c) Nick break Side bend test Charpy input Page 12 of 32 . High heat inputs would? a) b) c) d) 67 following In friction welding.45 would require preheating to? a) b) c) d) 64 uses the “keyholing” Friction welding Diffusion bonding Electron beam welding Autogenous TIG welding Liquid state Solid state Plastic state Elastic state Have poor profile Have larger grain size Have high hardness in the HAZ Have low elongation properties In a tensile test. a brittle material would be indicated if the fracture surface? a) b) c) d) 68 processes Welding procedures may require welds to be deposited at a controlled rate heat input.c) d) 63 Welding a steel plate of CE of 0.

d) 69 In submerged arc welding. excessive arc voltage may cause? a) b) c) d) 70 Excessive root face width Excessive root gap size Low current setting Both A & C Incomplete root fusion weld certainly be caused by: a) b) c) d) 74 Before. B & C Page 13 of 32 . during and after welding activities Before welding activities only After welding activities only None of the above Incomplete penetration in a butt joint could be caused by: a) b) c) d) 73 BS4872 BS499 BS4870 None of the above A code of practice for visual inspection should cover the following: a) b) c) d) 72 Excessive penetration Change in weld metal composition Narrow weld width Excessive bead profile The British code for visual inspection requirements is: a) b) c) d) 71 Macro test Linear misalignment Incorrect tilt angle Differing root face widths All of the above When visually inspecting a completed single vee butt weld cap you would certainly assess: a) b) c) d) Cap height Toe blend Weld width A.

This is most likely caused by: a) b) c) d) 76 “Toe blending” is important as it may affect: a) b) c) d) 77 Excessive amps Excessive volts Excessive travel speed All of the above Undercut normally assessed by: a) b) c) d) 80 Manual metal arc Metal inert gas Submerged arc welding Both A & C Undercut principally caused by: a) b) c) d) 79 Corrosion Fatigue life Overlap type defects All of the above Slag inclusion would occur with: a) b) c) d) 78 Poor consumable choice Welding position Excessive travel speed All of the above Its depth Its length Its blending All of the above A welding procedure is useful to: a) b) c) d) Give information to the welder Give information to the inspector Give “Confidence” to a product All of the above Page 14 of 32 .75 You notice a very “veed” ripple shape.

it would normally be “sized” by: a) b) c) d) 83 Change the properties of the weld Influence the visual acceptability Require re-approval of a weld procedure All of the above Aid visual inspection Because application standard says so To confirm “visual uncertainties” All of the above Defects outside of the limits specified in a standard should always be: a) b) c) d) Repaired Reported to “a senior person” Assessed along with other defects All of the above Page 15 of 32 .81 An essential variable may: a) b) c) d) 82 A magnifying glass may be used during visual inspection but BS 5289 states that its magnification should be: a) b) c) d) 82 Incomplete fusion defects Slag inclusion Incomplete penetration Both A & C Penetrant and Magnetic particle inspection are mainly used to: a) b) c) d) 85 The leg lengths The actual throat thickness The design throat thickness Both A & C The planar defect is: a) b) c) d) 84 Up to 5  2 – 2.5  5 – 10  None of the above When visually inspecting a fillet weld.

This is because of: a) b) c) d) 87 Manual metal arc electrodes can be grouped into three main types. Thses are: a) b) c) d) 88 Better profiles Improved toe blending Improved ripple shape All of the above Cracks in welds may be due to: a) b) c) d) 91 Poor access Loss of gas shield “Dirty” materials All of the above “Weave technique” may give rise to: a) b) c) d) 90 Basic cellulosic and rutile Neutral cellulosic and rutile Basic cellulosic and neutral None of the above The main causes of porosity in welded joints are: a) b) c) d) 89 Poor maintenance of equipment Incorrect setting Poor inter run cleaning All of the above Solidification problems Hydrogen problems Excessive stresses All of the above With reference to a root penetration bead.86 MIG welding tends to be susceptible to lack of fusion problems. you could certainly assess: a) b) c) d) Root fusion and penetration Root concavity Burn-through All of the above Page 16 of 32 .

It would be: a) Rough and torn b) “Cheveron” – like c) Smooth d) None of the above 93 “Stray arcing” may be regarded as a serious defect. before and after etching Using a microscope None of the above 97 Which of the following may be classes as a “more serious defect”: 98 a) Slag inclusions b) Fusion defects (interun) c) Fusion defects (surface) Code of practice is: a) b) c) d) A standard for workmanship only A set of rules for manufacturing a specific product Levels of acceptability of a weldment None of the above Page 17 of 32 .92 A fatigue failure characteristic by the appearance of the fracture surface. increase the likelihood of: a) b) c) d) 96 It may reduce the thickness dimension of a component It may cause liquation cracks It may cause hard zones All of the above Cracking Misalignment problems Inclusions All of the above Macroscopic examination requires any specimen to be inspected: a) b) c) d) Once. during welding. This is because: a) b) c) d) 94 Overlap in welds could be influenced by: a) b) c) d) 95 Poor welding technique Welding process Welding position All of t he above Flame cut preparations may. after etching Twice.

99 Movement of the arc by magnetic forces in-MMA welding is termed: a) b) c) d) 100 A metallurgical problem most associated with submerged arc welding is: a) b) c) d) 101 The temperature required for cut initiation The ability to cut stainless steels The depth of cut obtainable None of the above The main uses of arc cutting/gouging processes is in: a) b) c) 103 Hydrogen cracking in HAZ Solidification cracking in the weld metal Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal Lamellar tearing in the weld metal Oxy pressure and nozzle size would influence what in flame cutting: a) b) c) d) 102 Arc deviation Arc misalignment Arc blow Arc eye The cutting of single bevel preparations The removal of deposited welds The cutting of single U-type preparations Which of the following processes joins metals plastically: a) b) c) d) Friction welding Resistance welding Plasma welding All of the above 104 Which electrode classification would be relevant AWS A 5. a) b) c) d) Rutile Cellulosic Basic Oxidizing Page 18 of 32 .1-81: 105 a) E 6013 b) E 5133 c) E 7018 – G d) Fleet weld 5 Which of the following coating is associated with “Stove” welding.

106 A common gas mixture used in MIG welding nickel alloys to combine good levels of penetration with good arc stability would be: a) b) c) d) 107 The type of SAW flux is more resistance to moisture absorption: a) b) c) d) 108 Low ductility values Low fracture toughness values High fracture toughness values High tensile strength The likelihood of brittle fracture in steels will increase with: a) b) c) d) 111 3200 C 2300 C 5000 C None of the above A large grain structure in steels is said to produce: a) b) c) d) 110 Fused Agglomerated Basic All of about the same resistance The flame temperature of oxy/acetylene mixture gas is given as: a) b) c) d) 109 100% CO 100% argon 80% argon 20% CO2 98% argon 2% oxygen A large grain formation A reduction of in service temperature to sub zero levels Ferritic rather than austenitic steels All of the above Repair welding is often more difficult than production due to: a) b) c) d) The material being ingrained with in-service contaminates Restricted access with the repair area The possible position of the weld Any of the above Page 19 of 32 .

the type of test being carried out would be: a) b) c) d) 116 Welder approval testing Welding equipment Welding procedure approval Consumables for submerged arc welding Porosity is caused by: a) b) c) d) 115 Carbon manganese steels Stainless steels Micro alloyed steels (HSLA) Low carbon steels Lack of side wall fusion Surface undercut Incompletely filled groove Overlap The process of tempering is often carried out to regain toughness after which of the following processes: a) b) c) d) Annealing Normalizing Hardening Stress relieving Page 20 of 32 . the face of the specimen is in tension and root is in compression.112 Hydrogen cracking in the weld metal is likely when: a) b) c) d) 113 EN standard 288 would refer to which of the following: a) b) c) d) 114 A root bend test A side bend test A face bend test None of the above Ultrasonic testing is of advantage in detecting which of the following weld imperfections over other NDT methods: a) b) c) d) 117 Entrapped slag in the solidifying weld Entrapped gas in the solidifying weld Entrapped metallic inclusions in the solidifying weld None of the above In bend test.

118 The presence of iron sulphide in the weld metal is most likely to produce which of the following upon contraction of the weld: a) b) c) d) 119 Generally the most suitable method of detecting lack of sidewall fusion would be: a) b) c) d) 120 Thin materials Tee joints Plate thickness greater than 25mm None of the above In welding procedure term. a change in essential variable means a) b) c) d) 123 Lamellar tearing Solidification cracking Hydrogen cracking None of the above The use of cobalt as an isotope would generally be used on: a) b) c) d) 122 Ultrasonic MPI Radiography Penetrants Hot shortness term is used to indicate: a) b) c) d) 121 Solidification cracking Hydrogen cracking Intergranular corrosion Stress corrosion cracking Re-qualification of the welding procedure Possible change in the weld’s microstructure Possible change in t he mechanical properties All of the above Weld symbol placed on a dotted line in accordance with ISO requirements means: a) b) c) d) Weld on “arrow” side Weld on “other” side Weld on site Full penetration required Page 21 of 32 .

124 A welding inspector’s main attribute includes: a) b) c) d) 125 The correct term for a joint prepared on one component only is: a) b) c) d) 126 Impact values Stress Strain Both a) & c) The important point if high temperature steel is that: a) b) c) d) 130 Reinforcement Cap profile height Excessive weld metal All of the above A tensile test will assess a) b) c) d) 129 A standard A “set of rules” for the manufacture of a product Related to welder and weld procedure approval All of the above The correct term for cap height is: a) b) c) d) 128 A bevel butt A J butt A “K” butt All of the above Technically a code of practice is: a) b) c) d) 127 Knowledge and experience Literacy Honesty and integrity All of the above They can withstand creep failure They may suffer re-heat cracking problems They may suffer loss of toughness All of the above An austenitic stainless steel may suffer: Page 22 of 32 .

the shielding gas could be: a) b) c) d) 134 Weld ability aspects Crack sensitivity aspects Typical mechanical properties All of the above A basic electrode would normally: a) b) c) d) 133 Weld decay Sensitization Solidification cracking All of the above Argon + Hydrogen Argon + Helium Argon + Nitrogen All of the above When referring to MIG welding.A. the shielding gas could be: a) b) c) d) Argon Argon + 1% Oxygen Argon + 20% CO2 None of the above 135 Submerged arc utilities: 136 a) Deep penetration characteristic b) High deposition rate on DC+ c) Flat (P.) welding only Ultrasonic would be prefer over radiography due to: a) b) c) d) 137 Ability to find more defects Lowest skill requirements Ability to detect laminations Both a) and c) The most serious defects Page 23 of 32 .a) b) c) d) 131 Carbon equivalent values are useful to determine: a) b) c) d) 132 Have superior mechanical properties Require baking before use Not be used on low carbon steels Both a) and b) When referring to TIG welding.

% of the material The elements in the material All of the above Post heat treatment: a) b) c) d) 140 Planar Cracks Lack of fusion All of the above Dye penetrant testing Ultrasonic testing Radiography MPI a. as a low hydrogen process in comparison with general MMA welding: a) b) c) d) e) 141 Temperature of the component The C.E. b and c D only All of the above Which of the following NDT methods would not detect sub-surface defects? a) b) c) d) e) MPI Dye penetrant testing Ultrasonic testing Radiography All of the above would detect sub-surface defects Page 24 of 32 .a) b) c) d) 138 The weldability of a material may be affected by: a) b) c) d) 139 TIG MIG MAG None of the above All f the above Which form of NDT could be used on a fillet weld on aluminum? a) b) c) d) e) f) g) 142 Must be applied to welds if a crack free weld is required1 Should never exceed 300 dg C May stress relieve Must always be applied using gas flames Which of the following welding processes may be described.

C.C.V. To prevent arc strikes Fish – eyes.143 Why have a high O. Hardenability Weldability Cooling rate All of the above None of the above The toes of the cap on a butt weld: a) b) c) d) Must overlap on the external surface of a pipe or plate by at least 1.C to D. chevron cracks and fissures are: a) b) c) d) 146 To initiate the arc To obtain penetration To avoid lack of fusion MMA welding does not have a high O.V. with MMA welding a) b) c) d) 144 What is the purpose of a ‘rectifier’ in relation to welding plant? a) b) c) d) 145 Must always be carried out Need not be carried out if post heat treatment is to follow welding Is always carried out using gas flame None of the above All of the above What does pre heat prior to welding have an affect on: a) b) c) d) e) 148 Not associated with welding Types of cracks Only encountered in MMA welds Hydrogen related problems Pre heating prior to welding: a) b) c) d) e) 147 To adjust the voltage To adjust the amperage To convert A.5mm Must be grounded Must never be grounded None of the above Page 25 of 32 .C.

149 Which of the following butt-weld preparations is generally most susceptible to ‘lack of side wall fusion’ during MMA welding? a) b) c) d) 150 What is the leg length of a fillet weld? a) b) c) d) 151 c) d) The inspection of a product or service A management system designed only to ensure material compatibility Not solely related to planning and inspection The implementation of quality control Which welding process is considered the most versatile? a) b) c) d) 154 The distance from toe to the face The distance from the root to face center The distance from the root to the toe The distance from toe to toe Quality assurance is: a) b) 153 The distance from the toe to the face The distance from the root and to the face center The distance from the root to the toe The distance from toe to toe What is ‘throat’ thickness of the fillet weld? a) b) c) d) 152 A ‘U’ preparation A ‘V’ preparation A ‘double V’ preparation Lack of side wall fusion does not exist with MMA SAW TIG MIG/MAG MMA Quality assurance: a) b) c) d) Is an other term for inspection Related to all activities and functions concerned with the attainment of quality Is the activity of ensuring documents relating to specific contracts are in order Is the activity of carrying out quality control Page 26 of 32 .

155 Which NDT method would never be use on a 6” aluminum pipe weld? a) b) c) d) 156 Why is hot – pass so-called? a) b) c) d) 157 Argon Xenon Carbon dioxide Helium Why is welding is shielded? a) b) c) d) 160 Must have at a thorough knowledge of NDT Must know how to interpret radiographs Must have a thorough knowledge of welding metallurgy None of the above All of the above Which of the following is not an inert gas? a) b) c) d) 159 Because it is applied at a high amperage Because it is applied when the root is still hot Because it could cause ‘hot – shortness’ Because it heat treats the root Generally speaking a welding inspector. as a minimum requirement: a) b) c) d) e) 158 Radiography Magnetic particle inspection Ultrasonic testing Dye penetrant testing To eliminate hydrogen To retard the cooling rate of the weld To eliminate the atmosphere To ensure maximum heat input The primary duty of welding inspector: a) b) c) d) Is ensure welds are defect free Is to ensure the weld is free from residual stresses Is to write job specifications Is to ensure all welding and associated activities are carried out in accordance with the procedure(s) Page 27 of 32 .

161 Which of the following welding processes is most susceptible to lack of fusion? a) b) c) d) 162 Fillet welds are a) b) c) d) e) 163 Voltage Amperage Polarity None of the above Lap joints contain: a) b) c) d) 166 Associated Pipeline Industries American Pipe Institute American Pipeline Institute American Petroleum Institute When welding using the MMA process. varying the arc length will give the most variation of: a) b) c) d) 165 Preferable to butt welds due to high strength Difficult to assess with Non Destructive Testing in comparison with butt (grove) welds Used only for ‘appearance’ purposes Only feasible on steels All of the above API stands for a) b) c) d) 164 Submerged arc CO2 (metal active gas) Manual metal arc Tungsten inert gas Fillet welds Corner joints Butt welds Single bevel butt welds Which arc welding process utilizes a non-consumable electrode? Page 28 of 32 .

especially with small welds between large components It causes distortion Restraint is term not used in relation to welding Page 29 of 32 .a) b) c) d) e) 167 A welding Inspector: a) b) c) d) e) 168 Minimum pre heat temperature Minimum stress relieve temperature The lowest temperature to be used when normalizing The lowest temperature allowed during welding and between passes Is it permissible to allow a single ‘V’ butt weld to cool down passes? a) b) c) d) 171 Basic Cellulosic Rutile None of the above What do you understand by the term ‘minimum interpass temperature” a) b) c) d) 170 Must know how to interpret radiographs May be required to interpret radiographs on certain contracts Should be able to weld Both b and c All of the above Which electrodes are very susceptible to causing porosity in the deposited welds if long arc employed? a) b) c) d) 169 MIG TIG MMA SAW All of the above It is solely the decision of the welder It depends on the requirement of the procedure and specifications It is solely the decision of the welding inspector No. all welds should be completed before dropping the temperature to ambient What is the problem with ‘restraint’ during welding? a) b) c) d) It does not cause a problem It may lead to cracking.

172 Which mechanical test (s) can b e used to make an assessment of surfacing breaking defects? a) b) c) d) e) 173 What is the purpose of a tensile test? a) b) c) d) 174 Stress Load divided by cross – sectional area Extension of gauge length divided by original gauge length Toughness Strain is equal to: a) b) c) d) 178 Tensile failure Yield failure Fatigue failure Shear failure Stress is equal to: a) b) c) d) 177 Plasticity Ductility Elasticity Malleability Fluctuating load is: cyclic stresses. the metal is said to have: a) b) c) d) 175 Bend test Nick – break test Macro test None of the above All of the above Stress Load divide by cross – sectional are Extension of gauge length divided by the original gauge length Toughness Stress can be measured in: Page 30 of 32 . below the UTS on a weld component may lead to: a) b) c) d) 176 To assess tensile strength To assess ductility To assess yield strength All of the above could be assessed When a metal returns to its original shape after an applied load has been removed.

Page 31 of 32 .a) b) c) d) 179 What is a crater pipe? a) b) c) d) 180 With a machine called shadowgraph With a rule With a vernier caliper With a densitometry Herringbone porosity is: a) b) c) d) e) 183 BS 639 BS 638 BS 18 BS 499 How could you accurately measure the root radius of a charpy or Izod specimen? a) b) c) d) 182 An oval tube Another term for burn through A type of porosity A shrinkage defect Which British standard relates to welding term and symbols a) b) c) d) 181 N/mm² PSI mm Both a and b A particular pattern of porosity Made up of wormholes Made up of piping All the above are correct None of the above A crack is a weld zone: a) b) c) d) Is repairable Always results in s cut – out and complete reweld Is acceptable up to 2mm in length May be repaired or cut – out depending on specification requirements.

184 If the amperage were too low during the welding of a root bead the possible result would be: a) b) c) d) 185 Stress acting in the opposite direction of compressive stress is known as: a) b) c) d) 186 Residual stress Shear stress Hoop stress Tensile stress Distortion may be affected by: a) b) c) d) e) 187 Lack of penetration Lack of fusion The freezing of the electrode All of the above Restraint Heat – input Material properties Material thickness All of the above Distortion: a) b) c) d) e) Is plastic deformation Is elastic deformation Is another term for stress May be elastic or plastic deformation All of the above Page 32 of 32 .