An Pottery Oil Lamp in the Ancient World

8). the primary source of light was pottery oil lamps. “Oil Lamp”). They were one of the items that a husband had to provide for his wife. but back in the ancient world. but during the Hellenistic period. Light in modern times can be accessed as simple as flicking a switch. Persians. The Palestinians were a group of people whose racial identity was Semitic. Southern Judeans. Let There Be Light. During this time. little things such as receiving light were a big deal and not everyone had this privilege. was a central region where ancient artifacts were discovered that showed archaeologists the tools that were used and invented in order to have light. whether they were together or not (Westenholz. Lamps were designed to be closed to avoid spilling. Semitic people where people who arrived from Mesopotamia and inhabited the area. not everyone could afford to have light every single day. The most influential groups were the Greeks. Greek culture flourished and began to merge with other cultures. mostly from the Tels of Megiddo and . The discovery of oil lamps were around the 20th century. Over hundreds of years. Oil lamps were one of the most important items to own inside a home. Israel/Palestine. a process known as Hellenism. and Greeks. Oil lamps were huge during the Hellenistic period. who were under the ruling of Alexander The Great around 333 BCE. as well as the majority of the ones made were handleless (Wikipedia. the land was fought over and power was exchanged from different hands such as the Assyrians. In the past. The Middle East. Pottery was already introduced into the region long before Alexander. Babylonians. During ancient times. oil lamps were constructed better built to provide better light with less smoke. but during this time of the Hellenistic period is when pottery became more advanced. Oil lamps existed as well.In today’s society. there in a lot of things that we take for granted.

The nozzle wall thickness was roughly 14 mm. The tan color was simply the color from the clay. The object was two toned. The dark grayness was only around the two holes made in the oil lamp. moulded or hand. 11-13). which required a lot of maintenance after burning multiple times. nut oil. with the colors of tan and dark gray. The wick would produce charcoal after burning and the charcoal would have to be cut off in order to function correctly (Westenholz. The item was made from clay and roughly was 6 cm wide with a height of 9 cm. Greek and Roman Pottery Lamps. Sesame oil. An item that we have observed seems to be from the Hellenistic period. 10).Jericho (Varda. Plaster moulds .From the beginning to the Hellenistic period).modelling. Let There Be Light. 11-12). The wicks were made from flax. Lamps in Israel were primarily made of clay. which means “mouth of the lamp” (Westenholz. fish oil. Oil-lamps in the Holy Land: Saucer Lamps . The item appeared to be handleless and closed off to avoid spilling. Clay lamps needed to be fired. but the dark grayness was caused by something. The process of moulding was done by carving a mould into two pieces of stone. 13). Moulded oil lamps could either be plaster or clay. Let There Be Light. and castor oil were among some of the other oils that were less popular (Bailey. The Jewish term for this is pi ba-ner. but plaster did not. Let There Be Light. Our lamp that we observed appears to be moulded. The oil lamps could also be either wheel made. and clay was pressed into the mould to be fired in a kiln until hard. and the fuel used was mostly olive oil (Westenholz. The oil lamp was dark around the holes due to the flames. Oil lamps contained the oil reservoir and the chamber where the wick was held.

11-12). the goddess of love. (Clarke. However. no matter if the act was with a male or female. Lovemaking was considered a sport and was supposed to be fun for both partners. or adolescent or adult. These images could range from depictions of Gods to sexual intercourse. (Clarke. After the oil lamps were made. Muller in 1850. The oil lamp was a great addition to discovering the history of the land and telling the story of how ancient kingdoms created light as well as their artistic abilities and views. 13-14). Roman Sex. Romans thought sex to be pleasureful and guilt free rather than associate it with sin. Romans saw sex as pursing pleasure. Muller used this word to describe the obscene images he saw on his archaeological excavations. the Romans did not view sex as we view it in modern society. The term pornography. Images such as this in today’s society are regarded as being pornographic. it’s still important to dig into the past to see how things have evolved over time and how groups that lived before us made their lives easier and more exciting. We view sex as a shameful. and guilty act. Greek word pornographein meaning “to write about prostitutes”.could easily wear out. Roman Sex. beauty and sex (Clarke.O. However. especially Venus. but clay moulds lasted much longer. (Bailey. . Sex was seen as a gift from the gods. Our views have changed on certain things and our technology has advanced far beyond what was before. The images on the oil lamp symbolized an art that Romans loved to partake in. they would normally have images carved into them. 15). Roman Sex. Our oil lamp shows a picture of a man and woman engaging in sexual intercourse. was created by a German archeologist name C. sinful. 57). Greek and Roman Pottery Lamps. The Romans viewed these images otherwise.

Greek and Roman Pottery Lamps. NY: Abrams. Web. Roman Sex: 100 B. 2004. John R. 250. Varda. Print. Wikimedia Foundation. 23 Feb.Bibliography Sussman. 2007. London: Trustees of the British Museum. 1972. Clarke. 2003. New York. . Jerusalem: Bible Lands Museum.D. Oil-lamps in the Holy Land: Saucer Lamps: From the Beginning to the Hellenistic Period: Collections of the Israel Antiquities Authority. Donald M. Print.. Joan Goodnick. 2014. Oil Lamp.A. Oxford: Archaeopress. 28 Feb. 2014. . Bailey. Westenholz. and Michael Larvey. Print." Wikipedia. Print.C. Let There Be Light: Oil-lamps from the Holy Land.