Arid Test

Nico Lewis

Figure A is a Barchan dune; this type of dune has been formed due
to a constant direction of wind blowing, and is a crescent shaped
dune which as a transverse long axis to the dominant wind
direction. The wind direction does not change and the velocity of the
wind will tend to remain constant, there may also be random eddies
in the wind that help to form this dune. This dune tends to be made
up of fine grain size with slim horns on either end, the slope is on
the windward side and tends to be made of even finer material and
can have an angle of around 15 degree s. Often this type of dune
forms when there is a limited supply of sand and reasonable flat
Figure B is a linear dune these tend to form when there is a wind
direction coming from two different sides. This type of dune tends to
form best when there is a turbulent wind flow. This dune can be up
160 km long in some cases.
Figure C is a star dune, this type of dune tends to form in areas
where there wind coming from a variety of direction. These dunes
often have three or ore slip faces that radiate from the center often
with the center being where there is the coarsest and highest
amount of sand. These dunes tend to grow upwards rather than
outwards such as the Barchan and the Linear and dominate erg
desert landscape, these dunes can be up to 500M tall in some

this type of transportation occurs when the wind blows over the surface of the sand and slowly moves sand particles over each other in the direction of the wind. often this process of transportation happens within 10 meters to the ground surface. This type of transportation tends to transport the particles that are the most dense and heaviest in the desert area. Furthermore this type of transportation can lead to the creation of ventifacts or rock lattices these are rocks that have wind pitted surfaces that have been buffered by the sand particles held in the wind. In addition it has recently been proposed that a process known as repation (latin for slow moving) also is responsible for transportation in the desert area. base has been worn away and with a still strong protective cap rock. This process tends to create various desert landforms in the way of Dune.2 mm however it is not as fast as the process of suspension. for example the nebka dune is often formed when sand is moved along in this way and than meets a fixed shrub.8b) Suspension is the process where by smaller sand particles typically less than 0. Tis type of dune will often not migrate as long as it is fixed in place by the vegetation. the sand then begins to build up behind the shrub with the slope facing the windward side. this type of transportation tends to move particles that are greater in diameter of 0.2 mm in diameter is suspended in the winds current. This type of movement is somewhere between surface creep and saltation and involves the movement of sand material along the surface of the ground but with more of a bouncing motion to that seen in saltation. This type of transportation has particularly erosive capabilities and can bombard rocks in the desert area creating mushroom rocks where there. The wind will then move the sands over each other resulting in the finest sand being at the bottom and the coarser sand being at the top. . This process is responsible for creating dust clouds and results in dune formation with the smallest and finest amount of sand being at the top of the dune. These particles are able to travel up to 100 km and are and are held aloft in the air by the force of the wind. Surface creep is the slowest of all desert transportation processes. Saltation is the bouncing along of sand particles on the surface of the desert.

The main processes of deposition in the desert occur as sand dunes. Sand dunes will also occur where there is deposition such as the dome dune that forms when sand builds up in a large lump and is no longer able to be moved due to be fixed with vegetation or being humanly engineered to do so. Deposition tends to occur when the terminal velocity of the wind falls to a certain speed so that it is no longer able to carry the sand particle.Often all these transport processes will work together to produce desert landforms. This hollow occurs as wind transports sand material leaving exposed rock. . this creates a small depression in the desert floor. ripples and sheets. In addition gibber planes can be formed by the transportation of sand material this involves the sand being removed over a long period of time eventually leaving behind a rocky surface. For example the deflation hollow is formed mainly by the action of saltation and limited amounts of surface creep. Sand sheets tend to be flat undulating plots of sand that are too large to be carried by processes such as saltation and thus cannot be moved.