INTRODUCTION

Environmental protection is a practice of protecting the natural environment on individual, organizational or
governmental levels, for the benefit of both the natural environment and humans. Due to the pressures of population
and technology, the biophysical environment is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized,
and governments have begun placing restraints on activities that cause environmental degradation. Since the 1960s,
activity of environmental movements has created awareness of the various environmental issues. There is no
agreement on the extent of the environmental impact of human activity, and protection measures are occasionally
criticized.
Academic institutions now offer courses, such as environmental studies, environmental
management and environmental engineering, that teach the history and methods of environment protection.
Protection of the environment is needed due to various human activities. Waste production, air pollution, and loss
of biodiversity(resulting from the introduction of invasive species and species extinction) are some of the issues
related to environmental protection.
Environmental protection is influenced by three interwoven factors: environmental legislation, ethics and education.
Each of these factors plays its part in influencing national-level environmental decisions and personal-level
environmental values and behaviors. For environmental protection to become a reality, it is important for societies to
develop each of these areas that, together, will inform and drive environmental decisions.
FLORA AND FAUNA
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous—native
plant life. The corresponding term for animal life is fauna. Flora, fauna and other forms of life such as fungi are
collectively referred to as biota. Bacterial organisms, algae, and other organisms are sometimes referred to as flora,[1]
[2][3]
so that for example the terms bacterial flora and plant flora are used separately.
Fauna is all of the animal life of any particular region or time. The corresponding term for plants is flora. Flora, fauna
and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota.
Zoologists and paleontologists use fauna to refer to a typical collection of animals found in a specific time or place,
e.g. the "Sonoran Desert fauna" or the "Burgess Shale fauna".
Paleontologists sometimes refer to a sequence of faunal stages, which is a series of rocks all containing similar
fossils.
PRODUCTS OF OUR ENVIRONMENT
FROM PLANT
food
shade
wood
gives oxygen to the environment
absorbs carbon dioxide
helps in rainfall
prevents soil erosion
helps in pollution control
gives medicine
restores water in the underground
some plants used in cosmetics
some in paper manufacture
fuel purposes

water andsoil. Leather is also nothing but cured and processed animal skin. etc.from the animals living within along with various mushrooms. camels and bullocks. Bullock and camel carts are very popular FROM FOREST Forests are rich with plants and animals rain forest plants include many of the things we eat like chocolate. Ancient people used to cover their bodies using animal skins. chicken. Silkworm gives us silk Good manure is made from animal dung and dead animals. and many other spices come from rain forests the rubber in tires comes from the rubber tree. continually increasing economic growth or per capita affluence (A). nuts such as walnuts. which carry loads. pig. polishes. the destruction of ecosystems and the extinction of wildlife. medicines come from their bark and roots. are horses. purses.produce paper.goat. Jackets. [2][3] Environmental degradation is one of the Ten Threats officially cautioned by the High Level Threat Panel of the United Nations. cinnamon. The United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction defines environmental degradation as “The reduction of the capacity of the environment to meet social and ecological objectives. berrys. and chewing gum and also chemicals from the leaves can produce medicine to fight such diseases as cancer trees are used to produce wood to make lumber and plywood wood resin is one of many tree-based chemicals forests recycle water FROM TREES trees. environmental impact (I) or degradation is caused by the combination of an already very large and increasing human population (P). forests provide flowers and seeds from which we can make perfumes.-Meat Honeybees give us honey. soaps. birds energy production maintains the humidity in the surrounding environment used in aromatherapy used in research purpose FROM ANIMALS Cow -Milk Sheep . lunber to build. It is defined as any change or disturbance to the environment perceived to be deleterious or undesirable. etc. sugar. cats and parrots may also be kept as pets in our homes. elephants. Hen-Eggs Animals like dogs. fur caps. and the application of resource depleting and polluting technology (T). Animals. ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment through depletion of resources such as air.Wool Hen. coats and gloves. food. bananas. are all made from animal skin. hickory nuts.[1] As indicated by the I=PAT equation. vanilla.habitat for animals. and .

You minimize carbon emissions and you save on gas money. which can ultimately affect the amount of water available to replenish groundwater supplies.[5] Fresh water is an exceptionally important resource. and moulds the surface of the Earth with transportation and deposition of materials. If your budget permits. sustains both plants and animals. and also by inducing changes in a body of water’s self-purification system from decreased amounts of dissolved oxygen in the water due to rises in temperature. increased rates of soil erosion. on average. as the water would become more susceptible tobacterial growth. This would force their operators to “retire” these vehicles. Temperature increase can decrease the length of the snow season in the winter and increase the intensity of snowmelt in warmer seasons.[6] Climate change affects the Earth’s water supply in a large number of ways. 69% of the fresh water is frozen in ice caps located on Antarctica and Greenland. so only 30% of the 2. Water transports nutrients and chemicals within the biosphere to all forms of life. evaporation depends strongly on temperature and moisture availability. etc. Carpool with friends and co-workers. .5% of all of the water on Earth is fresh water. refrain from riding public vehicles which are 10 years or older. flush the toilet. and mass movement of land. [5] A rise in global temperatures is also predicted to correlate with an increase in global precipitation. flood and drought risks. It’s worth the investment considering the positive effects it will have on your cardiovascular health. When natural habitats are destroyed or natural resources are depleted. global precipitation will increase. This also provides a double benefit. with the rest being salt water. They tend to emit a lot of carbon monoxide. a decline in water quality is probable. HOW CAN WE SAVE THE ENVIRONMENT 1. Approximately only 2. runoff. 3. Transpiration from plants can be affected by a rise in atmospheric CO2. One major component of environmental degradation is the depletion of the resource of fresh water on Earth. some of the most severe effects of climate change are likely to be from changes in precipitation. affecting soil moisture. 5. clean water. it will also carry more contaminants. This provides a double benefit. which can decrease their use of water. exchange your old car for a hybrid one and start using biofuel instead of traditional petroleum gas. the environment is degraded. instead of using a car when your destination is near. It may cost a little extra than a regular car but the benefits to the environment and to your health will be enormous. ride a bike.5% of fresh water is available for consumption. floods.[4] Environmental degradation is of many types. evapotranspiration. with some areas receiving increases and some decreases. the amount of atmospheric CO2 will rise. It is generally expected that. wash your car. It is predicted that the mean global temperature will rise in the coming years due to a number of forces affecting the climate. Collect and use rainwater to water your plants. and brings down your utility bill.needs”. To reduce carbon emissions. while water will carry more nutrients. which is also very significant in water degradation. but can also raise their use of water from possible increases of leaf area. It saves on precious. An increase in water temperature can also affect ecosystems greatly because of a species’ sensitivity to temperature. leading to peak runoff of snowmelt earlier in the season. and storage capacities depending on the area. 4. and soil moisture. walk. but because of increased runoff. If you commute. Efforts to counteract this problem include environmental protection and environmental resources management.[5] While most of the attention about climate change is directed towards global warming and greenhouse effect. since life on Earth is ultimately dependent on it. Better yet. and both of these will influence water resources. A rise in air temperature results in a rise in water temperature. 2.

Using solar-powered devices allows us to harness the power of the sun. a solar-powered flashlight. then take care of small plants instead. is a toxic component hazardous to the environment. . Stop using plastic bags when you do your shopping or do your groceries.6. Make use of solar-powered appliances and gadgets. This will greatly reduce our landfills. If your yard is not big enough. our need for batteries and electricity is significantly reduced. Plant trees. 9. air coolers don’t have freon in their mechanism. as you know. Currently. universal charger and. You’ll be surprised how cool they can get especially during the rainy season. Use electric fans. Bring your own bag instead. 10. This way. Install large windows to let the brightness of the sun light your rooms in the daylight. you can save on electrical consumption by not turning on the lights during daytime. or air coolers instead of air conditioners. The solar powered flashlight is a rechargeable flashlight you can charge via electricity or via the heat of the sun.a far cry from air-conditioners. Unlike air conditioners. It is only a matter of time before these inventions go mainstream. It would make breathing enjoyable again. a lot of solar-powered devices are emerging like the solar powered stove. Another plus to using air coolers is their low consumption of electricity . 8. Hence. strides have also been made in the development of solar-powered cars. 7. believe it or not. Right now. Freon. Plant many trees.