Berry Production in Serbia

M. NIKOLIĆ 1, JASMINKA MILIVOJEVIĆ

1

AND
AN
D A. LEPOSAVIĆ

Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade University, Nemanjina 6, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
2 Fruit Research Institute, Kralja Petra I, No 9, 32000 Čačak, Serbia
1

2

The State of Berry
y Production in Serbia
Berries have special significance in Serbia
because they represent an important export product.
Serbia is among the leading world countries according
to raspberry and blackberry production, whereas
strawberry production is less important. Currants and
bl b
blueberries
i have
h
b
been
i
introduced
d
d to production
d
i only
l
recently.

RASPBERRY
Raspberry (Rubus ideaus L.) is a leading berry in Serbia, and
together with blackberry, plum and sour cherry, is one of the
p
products. In recent y
p
years, its p
production has
most exported
ranged between 60,000 and 70,000 t. It is estimated that there
are about 15,000 producers, and that raspberry areas occupy
about 15,500 ha.

2 – 0.Production is mainly realised in the hilly-mountainous regions of western and south-western Serbia. A great fragmentation of raspberry fields (0. .3ha) is one of the greatest obstacles to yield increase and modernization of the production.

Growing technology is conventional and vertical trellis system prevails. prevails .

There are only a few larger complexes of raspberry orchards in Serbia. near Šabac. “Libertas” company. . has orchards on the total area of 52 ha located in Mačva region. The biggest one. This company is also owner of two combines for mechanized harvesting.

flavour. very productive with excellent raspberry flavour. whereas all the other cultivars participate with only 1%. followed by cv Meeker (4% of production).The leading cultivar is Willamette with approximately 95% of production.. „ It produces large and uniform fruit which gives high % of rollend frozen quality category category.. 1% Willamette Meeker Late season cultivar cultivar. „ This cultivar is also acceptable for fresh market! market! „ .

Tulameen Glen Ample Mid season cultivars cultivars with high yields of large berries „ Excellent fruit flavour and quality „ Good G d fruit f it presentation t ti f for easy picking i ki „ Th The ese cultivars cultivars are particularly suitable for fresh market market!! „ .

canes are simply mowed down early each spring and the crop is borne on the primocanes in the late summer and fall. ha Trellis is not required ! These cultivars offer an additional method of p production which reduces labour costs.Primocane fruiting raspberry cultivars are being slowly introduced into production on the total area of 20 ha. .

New orchards of primocane fruiting raspberry cultivars Cv Heritage Cv Polka .

and good freezing quality. • Fruit is medium-sized and has good colour and flavour. . • High yielding cultivar. conical. Large.Polka • • • Polka ripens much earlier than Heritage. oval oval-conical. firmness. medium to dark red berries with high firmness Excellent sweet flavour Heritage •The primocane crop ripens relatively late.

Autumn Bliss • Polana The main advantages of these cultivars are: • Early ripening time (10-14 days before Heritage) • High Hi h yields i ld Both cultivars produce attractive and h high igh quality berries suitable for fresh consumption and processing .

After the end of the picking season the raspberries are classified into the mentioned categories.The main raspberry production is processed. i. Polana Fractions F ti of f f frozen raspberry: b Rollend 45%. Gries 46%.e. . Bruh 5% and Block 4%. and exported within two quality categories: rollend and gries. frozen.

. producers’ and exporters’ interests in this business are the main reasons for this state. possibility of out of season raspberry production d ti are major j reasons which hi h could ld contribute t ib t to t the th orientation of our raspberry production and placement toward that goal. The closeness of market and attractive price. new cultivars suitable for fresh consumption.The export of fresh raspberries from Serbia is negligible Bad organization of harvesting and lack of negligible.

500 ha.000 t in 2007. Due to a large amount of unsold blackberry in 2007.Blackberry y Blackberry (Rubus fruticosus L. it increased to 30. following the USA. Its production in 2005 reached 25. and later. . when it reached a rather high price. our country became the second largest blackberry producer in the world. only about 10.) is the second most important berry in Serbia.500 t on the total area of 5.000 t was produced and sold in 2008. Therefore.

Mačva. i .The main production areas are in Central Serbia. Morava Ri River b basin i and dP Pocerina.

followed by Thornfree and Black saten .Čačanska bestrna Black Saten Thornfree The predominant cultivar is Čačanska bestrna (50% of total production). .

such as: Triple crown Early trials indicate that h Triple l crown may ripen earlier than Chester and is similar to Chester in winter hardiness! Chester thornless Jumbo .There are only a few new thornless cultivars which are being introduced into production.

Strawberry y Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch. total production area is only 3.000 ha. . Mačva etc. but now we can notice a decreasing trend of strawberry production. Morava River basin.000t in 2007. It is mainly grown in Belgrade region.) occupies the third position according to the importance and the extent of production. southern Serbia. Despite suitable ecological conditions for strawberry growing. Its production achieved 30.

.Senga Sengana Favette Old cultivars. are predominant in the production because they are adaptable to the growing systems without plastic mulches and irrigation. Favette and Senga Sengana.

Favette Senga Sengana .

Newly established modern strawberry orchards .

lb Queen Elisa) El ) have h shown h excellent ll results. newly introduced cultivars (Madeleine. l Elsanta. l . Marmolada. El Alba. Clery.Marmolada Onebor Madeleine Civmad In recent years.

Queen elisa Generally. excellent quality and pleasant flavour. this cultivar is Generally superior to other cultivars regarding early ripening time. .Elsanta In our ecological conditions it expressed yield variations (0.5 – g per p plant) p ) as result of the 1 kg influence of climate and applied growing technology. g productivity p y and fruit high firmness.

.Clery Alba They have become very popular cultivars of high commercial value based on their earliness and excellent fruit quality.

Large amount of strawberries is realised as a fresh product on domestic market. but there is also export of frozen products. d t .

). especially in the area of western Serbia. ha Highbush blueberry cultivars are mostly grown (Bluecrop.Blueberry Highbush blueberry (Vaccinium ( corymbosum b L. . Reka etc. Total production areas presently range from 60 to 70 ha.)) has h been b slowly l l expanding throughout Serbia. Duke. Berkeley. Ozark blue.

Arilje .

. June J l ) Berries are medium to large.Berkeley Bluecrop Ozarkblue Mid season highbush blueberry cultivars with high yields (end of J ne . light blue with great flavour.beginning of July).

quality . It is one of the most adaptable cultivars we have seen. i i Reka Bred in New Zealand .Duke Those are of special interest because of large and attractive berries as well as early ripening. Fruit has better flavour than Duke and excellent freezing quality.

Ribes rubrum) are randomly grown in Serbia on total production area of approximately 50 ha with negligible yields. . so total production ranges from 100 to 150 t. mostly including red currants. There are also older orchards in western Serbia.Currants Currants (Ribes nigrum.

.

there is an expansion of black currant cultivars and these cultivars are mostly grown in newly l established bli h d orchards.Ben Sarek Ben Lomond Titania Presently. h d .

Rondom Junifer Rovada Among the red currant cultivars these presented above have the dominant share. They are mostly suitable for fresh consumption! .

Zitavia) are present in smaller extent within production. Blanka. .Blanka Zitavia White currant cultivars (Primus.

. bi with ith intention to increase export of fresh raspberries and to extend t dh harvesting sti sseason. .CONCLUSIONS .Blackberry production should be maintained at the same level with the introduction of new cultivars. s .Raspberry R b will ill remain i a lleading di b berry iin S Serbia. xp nd d .The level of strawberry production should be enhanced with intensification of growing systems.Currant Cu nt and nd blu blueberry b p production ducti n should sh uld be b expanded.

consumption ..Challenges and plans Besides all mentioned. what will be of special interest to us in the ffuture are the ffollowing g subjects: j • To intoduce new berries: chockeberry and cranberry (lingonberry) • To implement GLOBAL GAP standard for quality q y assurance • To apply mechanized harvesting • To build smaller processing facilities • Permanent training of producers • More aggressive marketing with goal to enhance berries consumption.

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION .