Treatment & Care

Treatments for heart disease range from low-tech to high-tech. Read about them here. You'll also find
advice for caregivers -- including tips for caregiver care.

Treatment
CPR
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation -- CPR -- is one link in what the American Heart Association calls the
"chain of survival." Learn CPR for a loved one.
Heart Disease Diagnosis and Treatment
Medical care is essential once heart disease is diagnosed, with the goals of stabilizing the condition
immediately, controlling symptoms over the long term, and providing a cure when possible.

Surgeries
Stents
Get information about heart stents, why they’re used, and what types are available.
Angioplasty and Stents
Angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure that can be used to open blocked heart arteries. Stent placement
is another option that can be done during angioplasty.
Heart Bypass Surgery
Heart bypass surgery can be used to treat heart disease when your coronary arteries are blocked. Your
doctor may treat the problem by giving the blood a new pathway to the heart.
Valve Disease Treatment
When treatment for heart valve disease includes surgery, it can be performed by traditional surgery or
minimally invasive balloon valvuloplasty.
Cardioversion
For many people with heart disease, drugs alone will not convert an arrhythmia to a normal heart rhythm.
For these people, a procedure called cardioversion or electrical cardioversion may be necessary.
EECP
EECP can help stimulate blood vessels to develop small branches, creating a natural bypass around
narrowed or blocked arteries that cause the chest pain.
Ablation
Ablation is used to treat abnormal heart rhythms, or arrhythmias. The type of arrhythmia and the presence
of other heart disease will determine whether ablation can be performed surgically or non-surgically.
Pacemakers
A pacemaker is a small device that sends electrical impulses to the heart muscle to maintain a suitable
heart rate and rhythm. A pacemaker may also be used to treat fainting spells (syncope), congestive heart
failure, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators (ICD)
Treatment for abnormal heart rhythms is possible with an ICD, or implantable cardioverter defibrillator.
Lead Extraction
A lead extraction is the removal of one or more leads from inside the heart. Leads that are placed outside
the heart during open heart surgery cannot be removed during this type of procedure.
Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD)

" help your body get rid of unneeded water and salt through the urine. aspirin has also been used to prevent and manage heart disease and stroke. Nitrates Nitrates are vasodilators that are used to treat angina in people with coronary artery disease or chest pain caused by blocked blood vessels of the heart. It's placed inside a person's chest. LVAD or VAD. Angiotension II Receptor Blockers These heart drugs decrease certain chemicals that narrow the blood vessels. Digoxin If you have heart disease. Medications ACE Inhibitors Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are heart medications that widen or dilate your blood vessels to improve the amount of blood your heart pumps and lower blood pressure. Diuretics iuretics. where it helps the heart pump oxygen-rich blood throughout the body. Clot Buster Drugs Clot buster drugs. are a type of heart medication given in the hospital through the veins (intravenous) to break up blood clots. Digoxin is a medication that helps an injured or weakened heart work more efficiently to send blood through the body. Warfarin and Other Blood Thinners . Since the 1970s. Getting rid of excess fluid makes it easier for your heart to pump and controls blood pressure. aspirin has been used as a pain reliever. Antiarrhythmics Antiarrhythmia drugs are used to treat abnormal heart rhythms resulting from irregular electrical activity of the heart. The donor is a person who has died and whose family has agreed to donate their loved one's organs. They are a group of powerful medications that prevent the formation of blood clots.The left ventricular assist device. commonly known as "water pills. is a kind of mechanical heart. Beta-Blocker Therapy Beta-blockers are one of the most widely prescribed class of drugs to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) and are a mainstay treatment of congestive heart failure. Aspirin Therapy For more than 100 years. or thrombolytic therapy. Antiplatelet Drugs Antiplatelet drugs are used to treat heart disease. allowing blood to flow more easily through your body. Calcium Channel Blocker Drugs Calcium channel blockers are heart disease drugs that relax blood vessels and increase the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart while also reducing the heart's workload. They also decrease certain chemicals that cause salt and fluid build-up in the body. Heart Transplant A heart transplant is the replacement of a person's diseased heart with a healthy donor's heart.

This means that it helps prevent clots from forming in the blood. cultural. is an anticoagulant medication.Warfarin. Care Plant-Based Diet for Heart Health Is a plant-based diet good for your heart? More research needs to be done. and spiritual aspects of health and illness. which goes by the brand name Coumadin. . Finding Strength During Tough Times Caregivers should be mindful of the psychosocial. as well as the effects of these factors on themselves and their loved ones. these are some of the things you should know. Recovery After Heart Surgery After you or someone you love returns home after heart surgery. but early studies suggest it may have a number of benefits. Blood thinners are used to treat some types of heart disease.