SENTECE CONNECTORS

1- CONTRAST- ZITLIK
A) Direct Opposition – Doğrudan Zıtlık
however : Ancak, buna rağmen

on the other hand : öte yandan

conversely: Bunun aksine, buna karşı olarak in contrast : bunun aksine
Ali worked hard. On the other hand / In contrast / However, Okan hardly did any
work at all.
B) Denial of Expectation – Beklenmeyen Sonuç
However : ancak yet: ancak
nonetheless: yine de
Even so: böyle olsa da

stil: yine de nevertheless: yine de

in spite of this: buna rağmen

one the same: yine de

George is very handsome. Yet, he is not popular with girls.
It’s raining. Even so, we must go ut.
2- RESULT – SONUÇ
As a consequence/ as a result : sonuç olarak accordingly: bu yüzden
consequently: dolayısıyla
For this reason/hence/therefore: bu yüzden thus: böylece
He passed his exams. Therefore/Thus/Hence/Accordingly/Consequently, he had
some good news to tell his parents.
3- ADDİTİON AND LİSTİNG – EKLEME VE LİSTELEME
Also: aynı zamanda

besides: bunun yanında

in addition: ayrıca

Further/moreover/furthermore: dahası
Aykut plays football. Moreover/Besides/Also, he runs a restaurnat.
4- TİME
At first: başlangıçta

afterwards/later/then: daha sonra

in the meaning time/meanwhile: bu arada
At First, I had great difficulty with grammar. Later, however, I was able to
overcome these difficulties by studing hard.
5- EXEMPLİFİCATİON – ÖRNEKLENDİRME
For instance/for example/to illustrate: örneğin

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6- PARTİCULARİZATİON
İn partcular/particularly/specifically: bilhassa, özellikle
Shopping in small markets is quite advantageous. In particular, one can find
specialty items that larger stores do not contain.
7- EXPLANATİON – AÇIKLAMA
That is/that is to say/namely : yani

in other words: başka bir ifadeyle

The brochure dealt with travelling in Morocco. That is / In other words / Namely, it
discussed transportation, currency , and language.
8- SİMİLARİTY – BENZERLİK
Likewise/similarly/correspondingly: benzer şekilde
By the same token/in the same way: aynı şekilde
Men must wear a jacket and a tie; similary, women must wear a skirt or a dress,
not trousers.
9- EMPHASİS – VURGULAMA
As fact/as a matter of fact: aslında

indeed/actually: gerçekte

He is quite wealty. In fact, he is one ofe the richest men in Turkey.
10- REFUTATİON – BİLAKİS, AKSİNE
On the contrary/ bilakis, aksine
She is not ugly. On the contrary, she is a good-looking girl.
11- REFORMULATİON
İn other words: diğer bir ifadeyle
To put it in a different way/put differently: farklı bir şekilde diyecek olursak
12- CORRECTİON – DÜZELTME
Rather / to be more precise : daha doğrusu
He is enjoying himself. Rather, he seems to be enjoying himself.
13- TRANSİTİON – GEÇİŞ
As for : e gelince
as to / as regards / with regard to / regarding / as far
as / is concerned/ with respect to : nokta nokta bakımından

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Both Orkun and Özkan are my friends. Orkun studies lav at Ankara Univesity As
for Özkan, he studies mechanical engineering at METU.
14- ALTERNATİVE
You’re welcome to come with us now in our car. Alternatively, you could go later
with Marry.
15- NEGATİVE CONDİTİON – NEGATİF ŞART
Or else/ otherwise / or : aksi halde, yoksa
I must leave now, or else I’ll be late.
16- SUMMATİON/CONCLUSİON – ÖZET/HÜKÜM
in summary: özet olarak all in all/to be brief/in brief/in short: kısaca
to sum up: toparlayacak olursak

in conclusion: hüküm olarak

This is our most disastrous and embarrassing defeat ever; in short, it is a fiasco.
17-OTHER SENTENCE CONNECTORS
After all: ne de olsa
İncidentally/by the way : aklıma gelmişken
Above all: her şeyden çok
All the same: yine de
Anyway/anyhow/in any case: zaten, her halükarda
İnstead: bunun yerine

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