Finite Element Analysis (FEA

)
Tutorial
Project: Impact Loading using the
Johnson-Cook Plasticity-Damage
Model

Problem
• Analyze the impact loading of an object on
aluminum plates using FEA tool ABAQUS
Plate Dimensions:
t= 26.3 mm
w=304 mm
L= 304 mm

Projectile Dimensions:
d= 12.9 mm
lp= 88.9 mm

lp
L=304 mm

• Determine:
• Plot

d
t= 26.3 mm

Preprocessing

Creating The Geometry • Open ABAQUS/CAE and create a new parts: – Aluminum Plate – Projectile .

Creating The Geometry • Aluminum Plate .

Creating The Geometry • Projectile .

6E-009 .7E-009 Projectile 202000 0.3 8.Material Properties • Aluminum Plate and Projectile Model Part Young Modulus (MPa) Poisson Ratio Density (Tonne/mm^3) Aluminum Plate 69000 0.35 2.

7 1.Material Properties • Aluminum Plate and Projectile Plastic Data m C ε0 Johnson-Cook Plasticity A [Mpa] B [Mpa] n Aluminum Plate 262 162.2783 1.0 [1/s] .34 - - Projectile 1430 2545 0.03 0.1 0.014 15.

77 1.6 651.85 20.45 0.47 0 1.Material Properties • Aluminum Plate Johnson-Cook Dynamic Failure Model Material d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 Melting Temperature (°C) Transition Temperature (°C) Reference Strain Rate 1/s Aluminum Plate -0.05 1 .

1 ABAQUS Material Definition 4 3 5 2 .

ABAQUS Material Definition • Add Damage Evolution • Set the displacement at failure to 0.9 .

Creating an Assembly • Double click on instances • Set the projectile 100 mm from the origin (center of the plate ) .

Select Mechanical.Interactions properties • Double click in interaction properties. Normal Behavior . select contact.

Interaction properties continued • Select the default set and click OK .

Interactions • Double click on Interactions. General Contact. All with self and add the created IntProp-1 in individual property assignment .

Creating Mesh (partitioning) Aluminum Plate • Create a Partition of the plate • Seed edges and select the partition lines .

Creating Mesh (Continued) • Repeat the procedure in the opposite directions for the rest of the internal lines .

Creating Mesh .

Creating Mesh Projectile • Create a Partition of the projectile • Select an the approximate global size .

Creating Mesh • From Mesh Element Type Select Element Deletion for the Plate and the projectile .

Creating a Step • Double click Steps under Model tree and Create step window will pop up • This time you will modify the time period .

Field Output Request • Select SDEG scalar Stiffness degradation and Status as output variables .

Boundary Conditions .

9 Time t0 Time t2 Time t1 Time t3 .Results with v3 =-700000 and displacement at failure 0.

Results Time t4 Time t6 Time t5 Time t7 .

Results Time t8 Time t9 Time t10 Time t11 .

Results .

Rebound of the projectile • Change the value of predefined velocity field • Delete the damage evolution in Materials Aluminum Plate .

Boundary Conditions .

Delete the Damage Evolution .

Results Time t0 Time t2 .

• Comment on the results for Von Mises stress. .Conduct simulations • Change the values of displacements at failure from 0. the trajectory of the projectile and the velocity • Improve the model using your favorite meshing technique to refine the center of the plate or reduce the geometry to the half or a quarter.1 to 0.9 and keep damage evolution. the morphology of the plate and the hole.

. 000 mm/s to 1.000 000 mm/s consider the time that you need to input on step-time period.Notes • By modifying the velocity from 100.