Engineering and technologies

User’s Guide
Coflexip® Flexible Steel Pipes for
Drilling and Service Applications

User’s Guide

This User’s Guide allows for a safe application of Coflexip®
flexibles pipes and is the extension to the Flexible Steel
Pipe for Drilling and Services Applications brochure.

Engineering and technologies

Coflexip® Flexible Steel Pipes for
Drilling and Service Applications

Coflexip® flexible
pipe for drilling and
service applications is
manufactured by
Technip for Coflexip®
Products Division.

2

Drilling and Service Applications - User’s Guide

Contents

0

GENERAL INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

1

DESCRIPTION OF A COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
1.1 DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
1.2 NACE COMPATIBILITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
1.3 END-FITTINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
1.3.1 Protection against corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
1.3.2 Connectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
1.3.3 Terminations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
1.3.4 Marking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
1.3.5 Handling collar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1
1.4 ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1
1.4.1 Bend stiffener . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1
1.4.2 Adapters/Cross-Overs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 1
1.4.3 Fire cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.5 FLEXIBLE PIPE STRUCTURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.5.1 Thermoplastic inner liner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.5.2 Interlocked Zeta layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.5.3 Metallic reinforcement of the Zeta layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.5.4 Intermediate thermoplastic sheath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
1.5.5 Double cross-wound steel armour . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
1.5.6 Thermoplastic outer sheath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
1.5.7 Fire resistant layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
1.5.8 Stainless steel outer-wrap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
1.6 MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
1.7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

2

GENERAL GUIDELINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
2.1 STORAGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
2.2 HANDLING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
2.3 INSTALLATION - CONNECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17
2.4 WELDING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

3

OPERATING CONDITIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
3.1 FLUIDS TO BE TRANSPORTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
3.1.1 Chemical compatibility of standard temperature rated lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18
3.1.2 Chemical compatibility of high temperature rated lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
3.1.3 Exposure of high temperature rated lines to C02 combined with H2S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3.1.4 Sour service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3.1.5 Flow rates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3.2 TEMPERATURE RATINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3.2.1 Standard temperature rated line (-20°C to +100°C / -4°F to +212°F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
3.2.2 High temperature rated Line (-20°C to +130°C / -4°F to +266°F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
3.2.3 High temperature Exposure Test of Choke and Kill Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
3.2.4 Low temperature use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

Drilling and Service Applications - User’s Guide

3

3.3 PRESSURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
3.3.1 Rated working pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
3.3.2 OEM test pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
3.3.3 Ultra Deepwater End Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
4

LIFETIME OF DRILLING AND SERVICE APPLICATION FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23

5

REPAIR OF FLEXIBLE LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24

6

INSPECTION AND TESTING OF LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
6.1 INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
6.2 ROUTINE VISUAL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
6.2.1 External inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
6.2.2 Internal inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
6.3 FULL INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
6.4 MANUFACTURER'S INSPECTION - MAJOR SURVEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
6.5 FIELD PRESSURE TESTING (OPTIONAL) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
6.6 FULL PRESSURE TEST . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
6.7 RECORDING OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
6.8 PERIODICITY OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
6.9 UNUSED LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27

7

CHOKE AND KILL LINES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
7.1 DEFINITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
7.1.1. Choke and kill lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
7.1.2 Cement and mud lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
7.2 SOUR SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
7.3 COMPLETION FLUIDS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.4 VENTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5.1 After installation pressure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5.2 Routine visual inspection (Section 6 - Para 6.2.1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5.3 Field pressure testing (Section 6 - Para. 6.5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5.4 Manufacturer's inspection - major survey (Section 6 - Para. 6.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5.5 Moonpool Choke and Kill lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
7.5.6 Subsea lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .30

8

TEST LINE APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.1 "DST" AND "PTL" LINES DEFINITION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.2 SOUR SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.3 VENTING . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.4 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.4.1 After installation pressure test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.4.2 Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 - Para 6.2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.4.3 Full inspection (Section 6 - Para 6.3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
8.4.4 Manufacturer's inspection - Major survey (Section 6 - Para 6.4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

4

Drilling and Service Applications - User’s Guide

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 9. . . . .33 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2. . . . .4 Full inspection (Section 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5 Manufacturer's inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 VENTING . .32 9. . . . . . . . . . .2.4.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Well service operations . . . . . . .33 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . .9 ACIDIZING AND FRACTURING LINE APPLICATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Yearly test . . . . . . . .32 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 Static operations . . . . . . . . . . . .33 10 COFLEXIP® BLACK PRODUCTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. . . . . . . .33 9. . . . . . . . . .1 DEFINITION . . . . . . . .2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Dynamic operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1. .1 After platform installation and hook up . . . .1. . . . . . . . . . . . .32 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 SOUR SERVICE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 12 SUMMARY OF INSTRUCTIONS . . . . . . . . . . .Para. . . . . .33 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .35 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . 6. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 After installation pressure test . . . . . . . . .2 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . . . 6. . . .Major survey (Section 6 . . . . . . .1 Flushing of the lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .36 Drilling and Service Applications . . . . . .4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Para. . . . . 6. . . . . . . .34 11 DRAG CHAIN OPERATIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33 9. . . . . . . . .Para. . . . . . . . . . .1 Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4) . . . . . . . . . . .3) . . . . . .1 DEFINITION . .32 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Routine visual inspection (Section 6 Para. . . . . . . . . . . .User’s Guide 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Abbreviations used ACD: Acidizing / Fracturing BOP: Blowout Preventer CEM: Cement C/K: Choke and Kill DST: Drill Stem Test FAT: Factory Acceptance Test HDPE: High Density Polyethylene VH: Vickers Hardness ID: Inner Diameter LMRP: Lower Marine Riser Package MBR: Minimum Bend Radius MAWHP: Maximum Anticipated Wellhead Pressure MWP: Maximum Working Pressure NACE: National Association of Corrosion Engineers OD: Outer Diameter OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer OEM TP: Original Equipment Manufacturer Test Pressure ROV: Remotely Operated Vehicle PTL: Production Test Line QCDC: Quick Connect Dis-Connect QDC: Quick Dis-Connect TP: Test Pressure UDW: Ultra Deepwater WP: Working Pressure 6 Drilling and Service Applications .User’s Guide .

a company. General introduction This copy of the “Coflexip® FLEXIBLE STEEL PIPES DRILLING AND SERVICE APPLICATIONS USER'S GUIDE” (hereinafter referred to as “the Guide”) is revision 6 of the guide originally issued in 1989 revised in 1990. For the purpose of this document. who purchase. 1993. Coflexip® recognises the fact that the majority of our clients have used Coflexip® drilling & service application products for many years and have therefore built up a great deal of experience in their use. Coflexip® flexible steel pipe products are manufactured by Technip. we have attempted to cover all aspects of both the design and safe use of our drilling and service application flexibles in normal. use or work with Coflexip® products as described in this Guide.User’s Guide 7 .technip. based on field experience and Technip’s policy of continual research into the safe application of flexible pipes. transport. The main purpose of this revision is to modify inspection and operational recommendations. In producing this Guide. package. its and their co-contractors. and are to be considered as RECOMMENDATIONS in general or INSTRUCTIONS (when stated in the text) by the Original Equipment Manufacturer only. All information and data contained herein are subject to change without further notice. We therefore welcome any comments on both the flexible pipes themselves and User's Guides such as this.com/draps Drilling and Service Applications . co-lessees and joint ventures. TECHNIP MAKES NO REPRESENTATION ON WARRANTY IN CONNECTION WITH ITS DRILLING APPLICATION PRODUCTS SAVE AS EXPRESSLY AGREED WITH THE END USER(S) IN A DOCUMENT EXECUTED BY TECHNIP AND THE END USER. Technip relies on the feedback of all End Users to ensure the continued reliability of our products and to act as the basis for research into the flexible pipes of the future. “End User” shall mean a person. specifically written for Drilling and Service Applications.0. 2002 and in 2006. Additionally. handle. and its and their respective officers and employees. Any questions should be directed towards your local Technip office listed on the back cover of this Guide. current applications. This document can be viewed and downloaded from our website at: http://www. inclusion of land/topside specific flexibles and ultra deepwater end fittings has been added. We are always available to answer questions from End Users. It follows therefore that much of the information contained in this Guide is intended primarily for those clients who are not familiar with the use of Coflexip® products. including agency personnel (but shall not include any member of the Technip Group). its and their respective affiliates.

Steel wires: the carbon steel wires used for the Zeta. Description of a Coflexip® flexible line This section will discuss the construction of a typical Coflexip® flexible line and. As shown in Figure 1. present the failure modes that might be caused by a possible misuse of the equipment.1 DESIGN OF FLEXIBLE LINES All Coflexip® Drilling Applications flexible pipes are designed in accordance with API 16C which is the only specific reference/ regulation existing for Choke and Kill lines. Some of the API 16C requirements do not apply to other applications where Coflexip® lines can be used (Acid/fracturing lines for example) when the resistance to H2S is not an issue.current edition/ISO 15156….1. 1. Mud and cement application flexible pipes are also qualified to meet API 7K standard. The present steel wires have been tested according to TM 0284 and TM 0177 .3 END-FITTINGS The end-fitting itself consists of the following: The termination which ensures the seal and the mechanical attachment of the end-fitting to the flexible pipe. on the other hand all of our lines supplied for Choke and Kill applications are fully compliant with the current edition of API 16C.2 NACE COMPATIBILITY End-fittings: all steel materials used in the manufacture of an end-fitting meet the requirements of NACE MR-01-75. 8 Drilling and Service Applications . according to the pipe construction.User’s Guide . The connector to allow the connection of the end-fitting to any other compatible connector.1996. a typical Coflexip® line is composed of: A length of flexible pipe Two end-fittings complete with handling collars Integral connectors Optional stiffeners Identification collars Connector Connector Termination Termination Flexible pipe End fitting Identification collars Handing collars Stiffener End fitting Figure 1 1. reinforcement wire and armour layers meet the NACE requirements in force at manufacturing date. 1.

4 Marking The termination bears a permanent marking indicating: Manufacturer Serial number of the line Drilling and Service Applications . thus avoiding any possible scaling of the protection.202°F) for 10 hours. wear. sea-water and to H2S/C02 gases or other corrosive fluids which might be transported by the line. This process ensures diffusion of the coating into the steel. API 16C does not allow the use of threaded connectors for choke and kill applications. The inner coating is 75 thick.1 Protection against corrosion All steel materials used in the manufacture of a Coflexip® end-fitting meet the requirements of NACE MR-01-75/ ISO 15156 current edition. traction and torsion Provides seal against inner effluent Provides seal against outer environment Mechanical attachment of the outer stainless steel carcass 1. 1. the end-fitting will resist long-term exposure to internal flow of abrasive fluids. abrasion and handling by a Nikaflex® coating. Some restrictions on the type of connector used may apply e. However.112°F to 1. The adhesion of the coating to the underlying steel is essential for the long term integrity of the protection. abrasion and handling. the welding process is always completed BEFORE end-fitting mounting.3. If the coating is damaged or cracked. in the range of most hardened steels. when used.g. In particular. both inside and outside of a standard end-fitting is protected against corrosion.3 Terminations The termination will ensure the following functions: Mechanical attachment to the flexible pipe which will resist against internal pressure. Generally the connectors are integral parts of the end-fitting avoiding butt-welding (with some exceptions for non-standard connectors). The Nikaflex® coating bears the following properties: The surface hardness of the coating is about 400 to 450 HV. The Nikaflex® coating is highly resistant against corrosion from marine atmosphere. Technip has selected the most effective process which is a long duration.User’s Guide 9 . the most common being API hubs. hammer unions and API flanges.3. 1.2 Connectors The end-fittings can be supplied with most types of connectors.1.3. a visual inspection of the inner bore of the end-fitting showing that the coating is still present indicates the satisfactory integrity of those end-fitting parts subjected to the internal flow conditions. high temperature heat treatment conducted between 600°C to 650°C (1. wear. Similarly it is not a Technip practice to fit a connector which has a higher pressure rating than the flexible pipe itself.3. Coating protection of the end-fitting The whole surface. Various heat treatments are applicable for Nikaflex® coated parts to improve that property. traces of corrosion and rust may be visible and an inspection should be completed. and this improves the end-fitting resistance against corrosion.

TP (Original Equipment Manufacturer Test Pressure) Date of the factory pressure test (month/year) If applicable. a stamp of a certifying authority when required (For lines repaired by end-fitting replacement. using the abbreviated classification as follows.User’s Guide .3 m WP 15000 psi TP 22500 psi TEMP: -20/+130°C 02/2002 Manufacturer Serial number I. Although optional before the second quarter of 1990. it will bear the same marking as above. but the serial number of the line is changed on that end-fitting. In case of doubt. see section 5) Example of marking TECHNIP TR 95314. Technip recommends that the type of application be stamped where the information is missing.Internal diameter of the line (inches) Application Working pressure (WP bar or psi) of the line which is always inferior or equal to the maximum design pressure of the line structure Length of the line .D. the end-termination bears a revised marking as follows: Manufacturer Serial number of the line Internal diameter of the line (inches) Line application abbreviated as follows: C/K: Choke and Kill CEM: Cement PTL: Production Test Line ACD: Acidizing/Fracturing DST: Drill Stem Test Line length in metres (m) or feet (ft) Working pressure (WP bar or psi) Test pressure (TP bar or psi) Temperature range (continuous service: see section 3. Length and date of the factory pressure test are revised values marked on the new end-fitting.face to face from one connector to the other (metres or feet) Date of the factory pressure test If applicable.01 3" ./Application/Length Working Pressure Test Pressure Temperature range Test date (month/year) Any inquiry regarding the construction of the line and its end-fittings should refer to the serial number through which Technip can trace the relevant information. From the second quarter of 1990. 10 Drilling and Service Applications .2) The stamped test pressure is the OEM.C/K . a stamp of a certifying authority For repaired lines see section 5 Repaired lines If the line has been repaired by the mounting of a new end-fitting.18. please contact the nearest Technip office.

4. typically lines longer than 25m (80').4. The standard handling collars are designed for a maximum safe working load of 3 metric tons. During the external inspection. It is not designed to handle any other equipment which might be attached to the connectors. It will allow the flexible pipe to better resist overbending: flexure damaging strength is increased by a factor of x3 when using this device. 1.3 metres or one foot long depending on the I. These adapters are typically 0.1 Bend stiffener Figure 2 The bend stiffener is an additional device mounted on the flexible pipe during its manufacturing (see figure 2 above). Made out of polyurethane.1.4 ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT 1. Special “lifting collars” can be designed for specific needs. This collar is designed to allow for safe handling of the flexible pipe. the End User should refer to Technip for advice on limitations in the use of the standard handling collars. 1. Represented is an API Hub / Weco® adapter. The bend stiffener is optional on most flexible pipes. check that the bend-stiffener is properly tightened on the end-fitting and is free of damage and cracks. Drilling and Service Applications .User’s Guide 11 . It increases the local bending stiffness in the region of the end-fitting. and rating. For further details on Acidizing Applications see Section 9. Classical Handling Collar mounted on the End Fitting INSTRUCTION: for long lines (acidizing lines for example).5 Handling collar A groove in the end-termination is fitted with a rotating handling collar with two symmetrical pad-eyes. This collar is NOT designed for lifting more than the weight of the flexible itself. Lifting collars can be designed to meet specific End User needs when installation or recovery of the flexible pipes requires a load capacity higher than the standard collar can bear.2 Adapters/Cross-Overs Adapters/Cross-Overs can be supplied if the End User needs to connect his flexible pipe to different or non-standard connectors.D. it is intrinsically resistant to corrosion. producing a smoother transition from the endfitting to the flexible pipe structure.3.

It is the interlocking of the Zeta layer which will limit the bending radius of the line.3 Metallic reinforcement of the Zeta layer If necessary for extreme high pressure. irreversible damage to the flexible line will occur leading to perforation of the inner liner when under pressure. it may occasionally be necessary.2 Interlocked Zeta layer This layer takes the hoop stress due to internal pressure and external crushing loads. The crushing resistance of a Coflexip® line is similar to that of an API rigid pipe designed to withstand the same internal pressure. additional fire protection covers may be installed over the end-fitting assemblies.5 FLEXIBLE PIPE STRUCTURE A typical Coflexip® flexible pipe structure. the Zeta layer is reinforced by a flat steel layer which is not interlocked.4. From the inside out it is composed of the following: 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Thermoplastic inner liner Aramid tape Zeta spiral Flat steel spiral Thermoplastic intermediate sheath Cross-wound tensile armours Thermoplastic external sheath Outer wrap interlocked steel carcass Figure 3 1.3 Fire cover As for the flexible pipe itself. This liner can be reinforced by aramid tapes depending on the application. 12 Drilling and Service Applications .1 Thermoplastic inner liner The thermoplastic inner liner makes the pipe leak-proof. For such operating conditions.5.5.4 Intermediate thermoplastic sheath This sheath is a thin anti-friction layer which improves the dynamic behaviour of the line. 1. for high pressure applications is shown in Figure 3 below.5. for lines to include a greater degree of fire protection than standard. This layer limits the upper service temperature of the line and the chemical compatibility to the various fluids which may be transported through the line. depending upon the service application of the line. If this limit is exceeded. 1. 1.5. due to the working environment.User’s Guide . This construction is known as a “non-bonded” structure.1. Various plastic materials are used to manufacture the inner liner. This layer is not leak-proof. 1.

7 Fire resistant layer For certain installations. e.6 MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES By design. 1. wear. (Note that test lines and Coflexip Black™/Coflexip Red™ are vented through this outer layer and may not therefore be used subsea). The inclusion of a fire resistant layer installed after production of the standard pipe gives a working time at 700°C (1. Tensile Forces Resistance to pulling forces ranges from about 50.4.000 daN for 3" ID (50 to 100 tons or 100. a Coflexip® flexible line is extremely resistant to: Internal pressure Dimensional changes under pressure are very limited. It is also this layer which provides the flexible line with its resistance to torsion.5. However.5.000 daN for 2" ID to more than 100.25% Relative outer diameter change at design pressure < 0. This layer is non-standard and would be the subject of a special order. In particular.User’s Guide 13 .000 to 200.8 Stainless steel outer wrap The stainless steel outer wrap (carcass) protects the thermoplastic outer sheath against mechanical damage caused by using the line in a harsh environment (impacts. it may be a requirement for essential service flexibles such as choke and kill lines.6 Thermoplastic outer sheath This layer is leak-proof. 1. No significant twist will occur.g. It will both: Protect the armour wires against corrosion and Protect the line against hydrostatic external pressure if the line is used subsea.5.15 to 0.3 for end-fitting fire protection. This layer does not contribute directly to the mechanical resistance of the line. well in excess of 30 minutes. Drilling and Service Applications . permanently installed well control lines on fixed production platforms. and/or Collapse of the inner tube for subsea lines. WARNING: you must be aware that a Coflexip® flexible can be stronger than some of the pipework to which it is connected and that it will rarely be the "weak point" of a system.292°F) and full working pressure. or external axial loads. significant damage to this layer may lead to subsequent damage to the thermoplastic outer sheath causing either: Corrosion of the armour wires.).000 lbs). handling. It will not pulsate or whip during high flow rate circulation.5 Double cross-wound steel armour The double cross-wound steel armour wires will resist axial load caused by internal pressure.1.5. 1. when bent it will not tend to straighten under pressure. Refer also to section 1 .25% The line is extremely stable under pressure. typical values are: Relative elongation at design pressure 0.Paragraph 1. etc. to be operable under fire conditions for long periods. 1.

1 x the storage MBR. 1. as defined on the relevant data sheet.18 ft Figure 4 The minimum bending radius is an extremely important characteristic of a flexible steel line.86 m/2. This failure mode may cause the line to burst catastrophically.P.076 = 0. MBR = 0. This will progressively reduce the thickness of the wires. misuse might damage the line.5” Coflon 15 kpsi W. Example: If ID = 3" then MBR = 12 X 0. the minimum bending radius is abbreviated as MBR. causing a progressive decrease of the burst pressure.7 14 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES Coflexip® flexible steel lines are extremely reliable due to: The design of the product The use of the highest standards applicable The use of the highest quality raw materials The Technip quality assurance system However. In Technip’s documents.81 ft OD = 140. “d” is the minimum inside distance between the two surfaces MBR OD d = (2 MBR minus OD) Example: 2. including frequent or continuous flexure with the imperative condition that the minimum bending radius is not exceeded. the minimum bending radius is roughly equal to: MBR = 12 x ID (ID: inner diameter of the line).e. and you must be aware that four main failure modes can occur: Corrosion of the armour wires . the MBR for installed use is 1.If the outer thermoplastic sheath is damaged. corrosion of the steel armour wires will occur.92 metre or 12 x 3 = 36". The accurate value of the MBR is part of the technical specification of the flexible line. i. For specific DRAG CHAIN applications.58 m/5. As a rule of thumb.2 mm/52 inches d = 1.User’s Guide . Drilling and Service Applications . 3 ft.Crushing The crushing resistance of Coflexip® flexible pipes is similar to that of an API rigid pipe of the same design pressure Bending The line is resistant to bending.

the external hydrostatic pressure will be applied on to the inner liner which may collapse. This failure mode may cause the line to burst. in line with rig operating procedures. whether or not the line is under internal pressure.User’s Guide 15 . in which case. the outer sheath may not be leak-proof. should be flooded at all times. This failure mode can result in a burst. This phenomenon causes the degradation of the long thermoplastic molecules and may be due to: Long exposure to high temperature. An optional bend stiffener is available on request to improve the pipe's resistance to such overbending. This can lead to the rupture of the liner and failure of the line.Bending . the inner tube is not properly supported and perforation will occur under pressure. or more often. exceeding the maximum rated temperature Exposure of the internal surfaces to incompatible chemicals The degradation of the material could make it brittle and the tube may break when bent with or without internal pressure. For subsea lines.If damaged. Figure 6 shows how overbending may be caused. leading to a leakage. Particular attention must be paid at this time to the first metre or few feet of flexible pipe immediately behind each termination. This failure mode may cause the line to burst. in a high pressure leak. Drilling and Service Applications .If the minimum bending radius is exceeded. Collapse of the inner liner . NO YES Figure 5 Ageing of the inner liner . the Zeta layer may open. including during the deployment of the drilling riser. Overbending generally occurs due to mishandling during installation.The mechanical properties of the inner liner can be affected by ageing. INSTRUCTION: All Subsea lines.

use soft slings.2.6 to 0. Whilst we make every effort to assist End Users whenever possible on the methods of handling to be deployed. See section 1. the best ways to store a line are either: In a straight line (up to 6 metre or 20 ft long) Coiled to its MBR. the final decision on the best methods for local conditions and capacities rests with End Users or their appointed agents. 2. If so required.User’s Guide . equipment and property. Moving flexible line on the ground 16 Drilling and Service Applications . as this may damage it. The MBR must be respected at all times. If force needs to be applied to the body of the flexible line itself. especially the seal area. > The connector. attached to a wooden pallet or crate Installed in a DRAG CHAIN prior to hook-up and start of operations. whether the line is under pressure or not. is properly protected against impacts. or of a good wooden protection. which is preferable. Coflexip® flexible lines are shipped with protection on the connectors. Any rigging should be suitably adapted to the specific flexible line in question. As a rule of thumb. As a rule of thumb. General guidelines 2. User should avoid bending the flexible just behind the end-fitting. This protection must ensure that: > The inner bore of the line is closed to avoid accidental intrusion of any foreign material. a straight length of about 0. It may consist of a metallic blind flange that fits the connection. as mishandling can be dangerous to operations. INSTRUCTION: a similar protection should be reinstalled when the line is disconnected.1 STORAGE Storage in general does not require specific precautions regarding the environment or duration of storage. INSTRUCTION: the inner bore of a Coflexip® line should be thoroughly flushed with fresh water prior to long-term storage. the minimum bend radius is equal to: MBR = 12 x ID The accurate value of the MBR of the line is part of the technical characteristics of the Coflexip® structure and will have been supplied to the original End User: it can be obtained from the nearest Technip office. Never use wire ropes or chains directly against the stainless steel outer-wrap. ensure that no handling is done before the line is brought back to the minimum rated temperature. The line must never be bent below the minimum bend radius (MBR). Depending on length. use a shackle connected through the eye of the handling collar. INSTRUCTION: if stored below minimum rated temperature.9 metre (2 to 3 feet) should be used as a safety distance.FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES The use of wire ropes or chains may damage the anti-corrosion treatment of the end-fitting. etc. either of whom should have their own procedures for such handling operations.2 HANDLING INSTRUCTION: only qualified and trained personnel should handle flexible lines such as those manufactured by Technip.7 . surrounding personnel.

involving either the end-fitting (including the stainless steel ring groove) or the stainless steel outer carcass. soft slings must be used to prevent damage. When used. use wooden supports or planks.use the handling collar provided.e.9 metre (3 feet) behind the end-fitting. It must be recognised that because of the heat diffusion that occurs during any welding process.CONNECTION The preferred installation for a Coflexip® flexible line is with the pipe positioned in a J or U configuration. 2. this configuration is not feasible. any field welding repair of a flexible line. then control the alignment with a non-metallic rope or sling attached about 0. Consequently. If a forklift has to be used to lift a flexible line. special care must be taken when securing a non-vertical connection that overbending behind the end-fitting is avoided. Figure 7 Drilling and Service Applications .3 INSTALLATION . Never do the reverse. and to prevent the flexible line from falling off the forks (see the Handling schematics inside the rear of this Guide). the thermoplastic layers may suffer irreversible damage leading to an unsafe line. End User assumes all responsibility for essential safety precautions to avoid injury or death in connection with these operations.Do not attach slings directly to the end-fitting . As a general rule the minimum acceptable bending radius for a flexible pipe in operations should be 1.User’s Guide 17 . i. Always connect slings to both eyes in order to have the pulling force in a straight line through the main axis of the flexible pipe. If. Such lines will must be withdrawn from service and stamped "NOT-REUSABLE".4 R MB Figure 6 WELDING A flexible steel line is a mixed construction of steels and thermoplastics. will render the line unsafe and unusable. Do not align the line from the end-fitting itself. with the end-fittings pointing up in a vertical position. If impossible to meet. Prevent abrasion of the flexible line against the ground. contact Technip for advice.5 times the MBR. Connection of the flexible line to other pipework requires: Supporting the weight of both the end-fitting and the line Correct alignment of the end-fitting INSTRUCTION: The best way to achieve this is to support the weight of the line through the use of the handling collar. 2. welding processes are only completed during the original manufacturing process of the line at a stage where the operation cannot affect the other components.: Do not support the weight immediately behind the endfitting. See Figure 6. due to the rig equipment. See Figure 7.

In case of doubt. See Table I 18 Drilling and Service Applications . It must be noted that Standard Temperature Rated lines (-20°C to + 100°C / -4°F to +212°F) are not designed to handle any acidified effluents and/or heavy metallic salts such as zinc or calcium bromides. 3. Due to the number of chemicals used.3). contact the nearest Technip office for information on guidelines to be respected. contact the nearest Technip office. it is virtually impossible to guarantee the behaviour of our products in all circumstances. or chemical additives. all kinds of drilling muds and oil production fluids. 3. may be transported through flexible lines depending upon the applications. They are different for: Standard temperature rated line (-20°C to +100°C / -4°F to +212°F) or High temperature rated line (-20°C to +130°C / -4°F to 266°F) Tables I and II give a limited list of the different chemicals relevant for drilling and service applications and their effects on the flexible line.1 Chemical compatibility of standard temperature rated lines The inner lining of these lines is made of RILSAN®. and the infinite number of possible combinations. In case of doubt.1. often in concentrated forms. INSTRUCTION: in case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office. INSTRUCTION: these lines must never be used for any purpose other than the original for which the line was supplied and which is stamped on the end-fitting identification collar (see section 1.1 FLUIDS TO BE TRANSPORTED Generally. the construction of Coflexip® lines for different drilling applications such as Choke and Kill lines.User’s Guide . it is the internal liner made of thermoplastics that will limit the chemical compatibility of the flexible line. Operating conditions Although similar in appearance. In most cases. All components of the end-fittings in contact with the inner fluids are adequately protected against corrosion. Acid lines or Test lines differ significantly. which is a grade of polyamide 11 material.3. The compatibility tables included in this Guide give an indication on the behaviour of the liners with most common chemicals.

2 Chemical compatibility of high temperature rated lines The inner lining of these flexible lines is made of COFLON®. See Table II TABLE II Chemical compatibility of high temperature rated lines. Exposure resistance of RILSAN® inner lining at given temperature ranges. Concentration 15% 30% 3% 7. a fluorinated thermoplastic: Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) material.User’s Guide 19 .1. Concentration Hydrochloric acid HCl Hydrofluoric acid HF Xylene C6 H4 (CH3)2 Methanol CH30H Glycol Zinc bromide ZnBr2 Calcium Bromide CaBr2 Calcium chloride CaCl2 Methane CH4 Diesel Crude oil Sodium hydroxide NaOH Hydrogen sulphide H2S S: Satisfactory NR: Not Recommended 15% 30% 3% 7. Exposure resistance of COFLON® inner lining at given temperature ranges.TABLE I Chemical compatibility of standard temperature rated lines.5% 100% 100% 100% saturated saturated saturated 100% 100% 100% 50% < 20% L: Limited use 0°F -18°C S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 75°F 24°C S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S F: Forbidden 150°F 66°C S S S S S S S* S S S S S S L S 200°F 93°C S S S S S S L* S S S S S S NR S 250°F 121°C S S S S S S NR* S S S S S S NR S * Line must be vented Drilling and Service Applications .5% 100% 100% 100% saturated saturated saturated 100% 100% 100% 50% < 20% < 20% Presence Hydrochloric acid HCl Hydrofluoric acid HF Xylene C6 H4 (CH3)2 Methanol CH30H Glycol Zinc bromide ZnBr2 Calcium Bromide CaBr2 Calcium chloride CaCl2 Methane CH4 Diesel Crude oil Sodium hydroxide NaOH Hydrogen sulphide H2S (pure gas) Hydrogen sulphide H2S (condensate) Water 0°F -18°C F F F F S S S F L S S S S S S L* L* 75°F 24°C F F F F S S S F L S S S S L S L* L* 150°F 66°C F F F F S L L F L L S S S NR S L* L* 200°F 93°C F F F F S NR NR F L L S S S NR S L* L* 250°F 121°C F F F F NR NR NR F L L L L L NR L L* L* S: Satisfactory NR: Not Recommended L: Limited use** F: Forbidden * The PH value of the fluid may greatly influence the behaviour of Rilsan® inner lining ** Technip to be consulted for exact exposure time 3.

20 Drilling and Service Applications . 3. Many lines. In case of doubt.5 Flow Rates The maximum continuous flowrate for all smooth bore i.1. can lead to damage of the COFLON® liner. Standard temperature rated Coflexip® flexible lines are deemed not reusable for further service after sustaining a temperature above the temporary rating of +130°C / +266°F. therefore maximum short term flow-rates cannot be quantified for all flow conditions. As well as those internal surfaces which come into direct contact with the inner flow.000 psi 130°C (+266°F) CO2 + H2S < 10 % 690 bar/10. exposure to relatively high concentrations of CO2 combined with H2S. It is common practice to replace the end-fittings when these show severe scoring or pitting. Extreme flow rates and abrasive fluids can cause erosion in the end-fittings. Lines exposed to temperatures higher than +100°C / +212°F but no more than +130°C / +266°F for continuous or cumulative service of 1 month must be removed from service and stamped not reusable following this exposure. due to gas diffusion. the end-fittings can be replaced twice before the flexible pipe itself should be considered not fit for further use. Higher temporary service temperature Standard Coflexip® flexible pipes may be used up to +130°C / +266°F. properly stamped not reusable.3 Exposure of high temperature rated lines to CO2 combined with H2S Under certain conditions. Survival conditions All Coflexip® flexible lines (C/K.2 TEMPERATURE RATINGS 3.000 psi 130°C (+266°F) CO2 + H2S < 30 % 690 bar/10. A copy of the qualification test report is available upon request from all Technip sales offices. Depending upon the application. maximum temperature of the transported fluids for a maximum of one month. have been subjected to flow-rates well in excess of this figure for relatively short periods of time without any damage being sustained. reinforcement wire and armour layers are tested as per the NACE requirements in force at manufacturing date.1. For this reason. This is entirely dependent on the abrasive properties of the flow medium.000 psi 110°C (+230°F) CO2 + H2S < 50 % 3. is 15 metres per second. 3. contact the nearest Technip office. in contact with the inner fluids.e. Lines exposed to temperature higher than +130°C / +266°F must be removed from service. Coflexip® pipes are classified either: Permanent sour service.1. The carbon steel wires used for the Zeta. DST. thermoplastic inner sheathed lines. The present steel wires used have been tested according to TM 0284 and TM 0177 . with no time limit (within the lifetime of the whole line).User’s Guide . continuous or cumulative service.2. the following limitations are to be respected: PRESSURE TEMPERATURE FLUID CONDITIONS 1035 bar/15. Experience has shown that for those types of lines subjected to severe abrasive conditions (fracturing operations). or Temporary sour service See Sections 7 to 10 for the different applications of Coflexip® pipes. particularly those for acidizing / fracturing applications.3.4 Sour service All components of the end-fittings and of the flexible pipe.1 Standard temperature rated line (-20°C to 100°C / -4°F to +212°F) Continuous service Standard Coflexip® Choke and Kill lines are designed for -20°C to +100° C / -4°F to +212°F continuous service. some other flexible pipe components may be in contact with low concentrations of sour gas. PTL) are designed to resist to +177°C / +355°F maximum inner temperature of the contained fluids for a duration in excess of one hour. meet NACE-MR-01-75/ISO 15156 current edition. and replaced by a new line.1996.

and replaced by a new line. The Coflexip® line survived the above destructive testing procedure for a total period in excess of 20 hours. Acceptance criteria will be sustaining the 350°F (177°C) hold period. A copy of the qualification test report is available upon request from all Technip sales offices. the temperature is raised at a rate not exceeding 5°F (2. Technip must be contacted on a case-by-case basis with the expected parameters so that specific recommendations can be given. 3. and to a final temperature of 232°C(450°F). High temperature rated Coflexip® flexible lines are deemed not reusable for further service after sustaining a temperature above the continuous rating of +130°C (+266°F).3).3.User’s Guide 21 . Lines exposed to temperatures higher than +130°C (+266°F) must be removed from service. In connection with flexible pipes. as closely as possible. at rated working pressure. At the end of one hour. INSTRUCTION: Recommendations must be obtained from Technip BEFORE using a high temperature rated flexible pipe outside the normal temperature range. Survival conditions All Coflexip® flexible lines are designed to resist to +160°C (+320°F) maximum inner temperature of the contained fluid for a duration in excess of one hour. properly stamped not reusable. but which allows a significant quantity of flow between the opposing end connectors enough to allow a continued temporary limited use in its intended service. no bursting occurred. Successful completion of verification testing qualifies the size and pressure rating of the flexible tested. Because the objective of the testing is to simulate. a "burst" is defined as the catastrophic failure of the pipe assembly. there may be limitations on pressure and/or temperature ratings (Refer to Section 3 . Upon reaching the manufacturer’s rated working pressure and maximum temperature. the body of the line or burst of the line.2 High temperature rated Line (-20°C to +130°C / -4°F to +266°F) Continuous service High temperature rated flexible pipes are designed for -20°C to +130°C (-4°F to +266°F) continuous service. survival conditions and should not be used to define the temperature rating of the line. if possible. Failure mode was a “leak” as defined above. The temperature should be measured. together with smaller sizes of equal or lower pressure ratings and temperature of equivalent design and construction.8°C) per hour until failure. These standards include the following destructive testing: Flexible line high temperature exposure test This test is intended to determine the maximum temperature that a flexible Choke and Kill line will withstand for a short duration when exposed to the rated working pressure. The fluid may be static or flowing. The total time of exposure to 350°F (177°C) and above should be recorded together with the temperature and the failure mode of the pipe: leak and its location.2.1. A “leak” is defined as a loss of pressure integrity in the flexible pipe assembly.3 High temperature exposure test of Choke and Kill lines All Coflexip® Choke and Kill lines have been tested in accordance with the latest edition of API 16C and are in full compliance with the highest standards imposed.8°C) per hour to 350°F. or by rupture of the complete assembly such that no flow is possible between the opposing end connectors. with no time limit (within the lifetime of the whole line). and held for one hour. or burst and its location. The pressurization fluid can be water. Higher temporary service temperature When an application requires the exposure to a higher temperature than standard. Failure is defined as a visible fluid leak in the end connection.2. for one hour with no visible leakage. either by loss of a complete end fitting. or heat transfer oil. It is imperative that both the line structure and the end terminations be exposed to the temperature excursions during the tests. either at the fluid inside the line or at the inside wall of the line. the temperature is raised at a rate not to exceed 5°F (2. This test represents severe. Note: under certain fluid conditions. line heating should be from the inside.Paragraph 3. Drilling and Service Applications . service conditions.

000 feet).3. 3.500 psi Test duration: factory pressure tests last 24 hours after stabilisation at ambient temperature for standard lines. including during the deployment of the drilling riser.000m (11.3.500 psi 1035 bar/15. It is not the manufacturer's responsibility to define allowances for eventual surges that may occur through the lines. INSTRUCTION: All Subsea lines. 6 hours for Coflexip® Red™ products and 2 hours for Coflexip® Black™ products. Technip has developed a new design of end fitting which not only allows deeper operations.000 psi OEM.000 psi 1550 bar/22.000m (10. The limits of this design are still being tested but external pressure testing performed at 350 bar (equivalent to about 11.2 OEM test pressure All new Coflexip® flexible lines are pressure tested at the factory prior to supply. Low Temperature Use Rilsan® flexibles may be stored and used in static and quasi-static applications at temperatures down to -40°C (-40°F).000m (6.User’s Guide . 3.3.000 psi 690 bar/10. in line with rig operating procedures.500 feet).3 PRESSURE 3. or limitations issued by Certifying Authorities or regulatory bodies. Ultra Deepwater End Fittings Standard Coflexip® flexible steel pipes are designed to operate in depths over 2.4. The new design of fittings is presently qualified to a depth beyond 3. but also allows us to provide a positive seal against hydrostatic pressure ingress to a water depth of 3.2. specifications.000 psi 1035 bar/15.000 feet) and have proven their effectiveness in the deepest drilling operations to date. We insist that Users acquaint themselves with guidelines.1 Rated working pressure The working pressure stamped on the end-fitting must be understood as the maximum operating pressure to which the line may be permanently subjected. should be flooded at all times. 22 Drilling and Service Applications .3. Note: the standard Technip FAT (Factory Acceptance Test) is well in excess of the minimum requirement of API 16C & API 7K.3. 3. For Rilsan® flexible use below -20°C (-4°F) please consult your local Technip office.500 feet of water) provided satisfactory results. Test pressures are as follows: WP 345 bar/5. In view of improving the capacity of our products. TP 517 bar/7.

and regulations or recommendations on the use of any particular application are likely to have changed: a combination of these factors may make it impossible to recommend any further use of a particular line. Technip MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY SAVE AS EXPRESSLY AGREED IN WRITING WITH END USER. fluid compatibility and allowable bending radius. including extreme weather conditions. This design life is based on lines operating for their intended service. and will not extend. recommended inspections. frequency of exposure to extremes of temperature and pressure. nor shall the design life convey any expressed or implied warranties of "merchantability". Lifetime of drilling and service application flexible lines Coflexip® flexible lines utilised for drilling and service applications are designed for twenty (20) years life in dynamic service conditions. However. INSTRUCTION: flexible lines removed from service upon expiration of the service life should be stamped "NOT REUSABLE" or preferably cut into pieces. Drilling and Service Applications . and which continues to function correctly. it is probable that a considerable number of design changes will have been made. handling. storage. incorrect installation and storage. care. maintenance. should be returned to Technip for investigation and recommendation on its continued use. because of the many disparate factors affecting the service life of individual flexible lines.User’s Guide 23 . repairs when necessary and other requirements and precautions recommended by the Technip in the User's Guide. The design life is not intended to. use of incompatible fluids. improper care and maintenance. The designation of a "design life" should not be relied upon as a prediction or warranty of the life of a particular flexible line. within their rated temperature range. Any line which reaches 20 years since its OEM pressure test. fitness for a particular purpose or any warranties except those expressly made in the "General Conditions of Sale". mishandling and abuse. etc. modify or alter in any manner the expressed warranty or other conditions of sale given by Technip as expressly agreed in writing with the End User. it is not possible to predict accurately the service life of any individual flexible line.4. manipulations. nor should purchasers and Users of Coflexip® flexible lines rely upon this design life in lieu of proper installation. During this 20-year period.

depending upon the degree of the damage: Serviceable parts of end-fitting. It should be noted that old fittings are not reusable and that. (For unused lines. The following parts of a flexible line may be repaired at a convenient Technip or authorized Coflexip® line repair facility. the repair may consist of mounting a new end-fitting(s) to the damaged line.9). Repair of flexibles lines As a result of periodic inspections. because a variety of re-marking procedures have been employed since the first repairs were carried out. the lines are pressure tested at OEM test pressure in accordance with section 3. Technip will not proceed with any repair on lines which do not meet current industry standards or Technip's internal standards.2. Maintenance & Repair (IMR) facilities can be found at http://www. damage may be noticed and require repair. after completion. it is always worth checking line details on both end-fittings. such as overbent lines.technip. thus reducing the overall line length. Whatever the nature of the repair. Technip reserves the right of declining to carry out a repair on a line which is found in a condition rendering it unsafe for use. including handling collar and the rear locking nut attachment of the external carcass Stainless steel outer carcass Outer plastic sheath underneath the carcass For significant damage. A list of all current Technip and Coflexip® Authorized Inspection.3.com/draps 24 Drilling and Service Applications . Except in exceptional circumstances.5. This would involve cutting off one complete end-fitting and installing a new one. or "in field" observations. The new fitting would be marked with the repair project number and line test date plus the new overall length: the original fitting which remains with the line will be stamped "repaired".User’s Guide . see Section 6.

com/draps/ INSTRUCTION: although common practice for most Users of such flexibles. and the relevant section (7 to 10) should be referred to for each type of line whilst reading this section to know the circumstances applicable to each inspection or test procedure. 6. Technip relies on the End User's QA/QC system. if any. and follow its progression. to check that it is free of cracks and liner deformation that the end-fitting corrosion resistant coating is undamaged.2. and therefore we rely heavily on external examination and regular pressure testing. if any damage is noticed on the stainless steel outer-wrap. to have this inspection and testing work carried out by the manufacturer or a Coflexip® line authorized testing facility. Connector: same as above. with particular attention to the seal area. in such instances. together with their experience of using these lines. It defines precisely what is meant by the terminology used by Technip for each type of inspection and/or test and therefore allows End Users to know the extent or limitation of each procedure. Drilling and Service Applications .1 EXTERNAL INSPECTION A visual inspection throughout the entire length of the line should include: Stainless steel outer wrap: the outer wrap must always ensure its primary function which is to protect the polymeric sheath underneath from being torn or punctured. Check that the carcass is properly attached at both end-fittings Check that the entire surface of the polymeric sheath is protected Check.6.1 INTRODUCTION This section details the actual inspections and tests recommended by Technip to ensure the continued safe use of our drilling and service application flexible lines. Circumstances may make this impractical and. to ensure that they remain fully functional. Inspection and testing of lines 6.User’s Guide 25 . Technip will issue a certificate detailing the inspection and/or testing work performed on each line. It will be noted that Technip recommends End Users. that it would not be detrimental to the underlying external polymeric sheath (deep notches or cuts for example) Termination: record any damage to the coating on the end-fitting. The recommended periodicity of each inspection or test varies depending on the application.technip. 6.2 ROUTINE VISUAL INSPECTION 6. Note: Current Technip and Coflexip® authorized testing facilities list can be found at: http://www. whenever possible. inspection should show that the internal lining is free from any collapse: this may be verified by either visual inspection or internal pigging or gauging.2 INTERNAL INSPECTION A visual inspection of the inner surface of the end-fitting and liner is to be carried out after cleaning. Under such circumstances. For Choke and Kill or Test Lines. the line shall be removed from service and a more detailed inspection shall be performed by the manufacturer or authorized Coflexip® line testing facility. In case of cracks or severe abrasion. it is strongly recommended that a record of all service work should be maintained for each line. The very nature of a flexible pipe's construction and that of its end-fittings does not allow a detailed examination of all of the internal components.2.

3 FULL INSPECTION A full inspection includes at least: Entire external inspection Entire internal inspection Full pressure test at OEM test pressure for a period determined in paragraph 3. the recommendations on the annual full inspection should be adhered to. strictly due to the rig limitations detailed in Section 7 . if necessary 6.5).4 MANUFACTURER'S INSPECTION .User’s Guide .5.3.2.5) is an alternative to the full inspection.5 FIELD PRESSURE TESTING (OPTIONAL) Performed on High Pressure Drilling Application Lines only (Section 7 – Paragraph 7. it must be recognised that this may be impractical according to the drilling programme schedule or location. This inspection will include. In those circumstances where a full inspection is impractical due to the above limitations and where regular pressure testing is performed as part of the End User's QA/QC approved testing procedure. The decision to adopt one or other of these testing procedures as an alternative to the full inspection rests entirely with the End User and their own QA/QC system.Pressure test frequency shall be in compliance with API 53 but with intervals no greater than one month at MAWHP or MWP of the flexible.2. Note The above testing (6.A field pressure test should be performed at 1. as a minimum: Entire external inspection and stainless steel outer carcass repair. whichever is lower. refurbishment or replacement of handling collars Inspection and replacement of rear flange bolts. or in the event of any doubt on a line's integrity. 6. the line may be inspected by Technip or at a convenient Coflexip® line testing facility. of the guidance on High Pressure Drilling Application lines only. The purpose of the pressure test is to ensure that no damage has occurred to any part of the line’s structure.5.5 times working pressure and recorded for a period of six (6) hours. this full inspection should be carried out by a competent person who is qualified by the End User's QA/QC system (See also Paragraph 6. Option 2 . Wherever possible. A one hour test at MWP (after stabilization) of the flexible shall be performed whenever the BOP is returned to the surface and prior to each deployment or annually.MAJOR SURVEY In accordance with the certifying authorities' specifications or Technip’s recommendations. However.6. Option 1 . 26 Drilling and Service Applications . If so.2 depending on the product type Inspection.3. or excess load applied. the safety factor and recorded test period may be reduced accordingly and one of the following alternatives may be substituted for no greater than four consecutive years.3). Technip recommends that this inspection should be done by Technip or at an authorized Coflexip® line testing facility. whichever is greater. as necessary Entire internal inspection Pressure test at OEM test pressure for a period determined in paragraph 3. and they must be performed in accordance with all applicable safety procedures.Paragraph 7. which could result in an insufficient pressure containing capability both at the time of the test and for the next year that the line is in service.

it is the End User’s responsibility to check whether the line still meets the current Industry standards. must stand near the line under pressure Flexible pipes must not be bent or coiled to less than 1. inspection.3. and that all precautions MUST be taken to avoid damage and/or injury (see Section I .7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES). at a Technip or at an authorized Coflexip® line testing facility. The term "unused" is taken to mean a line which remains in its original delivery condition and has never been installed or used for any purpose except. a line may remain unused for a considerable period of time after delivery. INSTRUCTION: in case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office. Drilling and Service Applications .5 times the maximum working pressure (MWP) for a period defined in section 3. Nevertheless. 6. All full inspections must be properly documented including the details of findings. INSTRUCTION: these tests are carried out at the End User's risk. It must be stressed that a catastrophic burst can be the result of these tests (although extremely unlikely on well maintained flexibles).6. 6. Third party verification of such work/testing is normally provided as standard. no particular configuration requirements are necessary. together with details of repair/refurbishment work performed and pressure test recordings will be supplied to the End User.Paragraph 1. The following precautions should always be respected when performing a pressure test. Section 7: Pressure Drilling Application lines Section 8: Test lines Section 9: Acidizing/fracturing lines Section 10: Drag chain lines 6. it is assumed that an inspection and test record would be established in accordance with the recommendations made in this Guide. findings and test results. (See Section 2. including personnel involved in the completion of the test. no inspection or testing is required during this storage period as long as normal protective precautions are observed. Permissible test media are drilling muds. Otherwise.5 times MBR during pressure testing.1 . All personnel involved in the preparation and execution of the test must be trained and aware of the possible consequences of a test failure Gas is not allowed as a test media. for a variety of reasons. assembled within a DRAG CHAIN system and not installed on the platform since OEM pressure test. all entrapped gas MUST be bled off during the pressurisation of the line Test area must be cordoned off.2. and access restricted throughout the duration of any test Nobody.General guidelines: Storage).8 PERIODICITY OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS Refer to the line application.7 RECORDING OF INSPECTIONS AND TESTS All routine inspections must be properly recorded as per the End User's QA/QC procedures. oil or water. repairs done and pressure test certificates.6 FULL PRESSURE TEST A full pressure test is performed at the OEM test pressure (1. Where any or all of the tests and/or inspections are performed by Technip either on site. In such instances. After first use. detailing identification of the line. an inspection report and findings.User’s Guide 27 . for example. All inspections are to be recorded by the End User's QA/QC system.9 UNUSED LINES It is sometimes the case that.

User’s Guide . The pipe may be used to accommodate relative movement.1 DEFINITION 7. 28 Drilling and Service Applications . provides a means for applying back pressure into the formation while circulating out the formation fluids. High pressure drilling application lines 7.2 Cement and mud lines A flexible pipe used to convey high pressure drilling mud (or cement slurry in the case of cement lines) located anywhere in the high pressure mud piping system. 7. On semi-submersible drilling rigs or drill-ships. which is connected between the well and the choke manifold. Note: All Standard Coflexip® lines are designed in line with API 16C. Hence. all Coflexip® Choke and Kill lines are classified Sour Service. and BOP stack lines used on the LMRP (Lower Marine Riser Package) to allow for movement of the Choke and Kill lines around the ball-joint or flex-joint.1). consisting mainly of water. Depending upon the type of rig where they are installed. INSTRUCTION: the use of a Choke and Kill line as a Test line is unsafe and must be prohibited.1) and to resist a continuous dynamic use. at the face of the well bore.e. Such an inflow occurs if the drilling fluid's hydrostatic pressure. A “dynamic” use is required to accommodate continuous relative motions of the connections on floating rigs while “static” lines are used onshore and on fixed platforms and jack-ups to interconnect equipment and piping that may experience positioning/dimensional variations. further inflow is prevented by imposing the additional back pressure from the choke into the formation.1 Choke and kill lines Choke and Kill lines are an integral part of the blow-out prevention equipment required for drilling well control. is less than the pressure of the formation fluid. The majority of Coflexip® flexible Choke and Kill lines are designed to meet the API 16C specification (See Section 1 Paragraph 1. INSTRUCTION: one should always check the temperature and pressure ratings before using mud and/or cement lines in well control operations. Lines manufactured for mud & cement applications may also be used for well control operations as long as the external marking instructions on the end fitting are followed. vibration. there are two primary locations for Choke and Kill lines. all kinds of drilling muds and oil production fluids may be transported through Choke and Kill lines (See Section 3 . that entered the wellbore following a “kick”.Paragraph 3. The high pressure choke line. 7.2 SOUR SERVICE Generally. Failure to control a “kick” would result in a “blow-out” i.1. misalignment and/or thermal expansion. All steel components of the flexible lines directly exposed to the internal fluid meet NACE MR-01-75/ISO 15156 current edition. “moonpool” lines used above surface to accommodate rig motion in all three planes. All Coflexip® flexible mud and cement lines are designed to meet the API 7K specification.7.1. The Kill line provides a means of pumping fluid into the well bore when normal circulation through the drill string cannot be employed. the flexible Choke and Kill lines are either “static” or “dynamic”. gas and/or oil. As the lines may be used in areas where sour service is required. the uncontrolled release of formation fluids.

a FIELD PRESSURE TEST (Section 6 . zinc bromide. Moonpool lines By virtue of their location.Paragraph 6. This inspection is to be recorded by the End User's QA/QC system.e.User’s Guide 29 .3.5 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 7. depending on the position of the lines.5) may be performed as a minimum test requirement. It is recommended that during transit the lines are recovered and that a thorough external inspection is carried out. Technip will at that time make recommendations to periodicity of further major inspections. the Choke and Kill lines (both surface and subsea) should be tested according to the relevant industry accepted recommendations such as API 53. it is either inconvenient to return a line to Technip or impossible to perform a full inspection on board the rig. Day to day inspection is possible for these lines as they are situated in the moon pool.4 VENTING Coflexip® Choke and Kill lines are not vented. Refer also to Section 7. It can only be carried out on a maximum of four consecutive occasions i.5) It is recognised by Technip that due to a rig's location.5. 7.5. often by mishandling.3 COMPLETION FLUIDS It may be a requirement for a variety of completion fluids to be pumped through the flexible lines. 7. and dependent on the results of such survey. INSTRUCTION: in case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office. At the first opportune moment after a kick has occurred. Field pressure testing (Section 6 .1) An external visual inspection of the Choke and Kill lines should be performed: At the end of a drilling campaign or. 7.4) Technip recommends that a first major survey be performed five (5) years after the date of initial OEM Pressure Test. but only very major damage can be monitored from a distance. but no more than one (1) month after.2. 7.Paragraph 6.1 After installation pressure test After installation. moon pool lines differ from subsea lines in the following ways: They are much longer and are subjected to high dynamic motions. For example.Paragraph 6. Following a major survey. Drilling and Service Applications . At a one (1) month interval or.4 Manufacturer's inspection . Damage to these lines by external causes occurs from time to time. Please refer to the fluids compatibility charts in Section 3.Paragraph 6. These products may not be compatible with the thermoplastic liner of the Coflexip® Choke and Kill lines. etc.5.6 for subsea lines. Technip requires that a full external visual inspection is carried out on a yearly basis as a minimum.5.2 Routine visual inspection (Section 6 . 7. lack of pressure testing and/or inspection facilities. Many of these fluids contain acids.5. a maximum of 5 years between major surveys. leaving the K&C lines hanging in the moon pool during transit of the rig can cause problems. 7.major survey (Section 6 . Therefore it isn’t possible to ascertain precisely the real state of the lines at a given moment.7. Under these circumstances. In conjunction with the recommendations of the API 53.5.5.

150 feet) overall length). Recovering subsea lines to the surface in order to carry out inspection work and testing is both time consuming and expensive. in line with rig operating procedures. and recording of such.6 Subsea lines By virtue of their location.20 feet) overall length) and are not subjected to the same degree of dynamic motion as moonpool lines. Normally such work should be performed on a opportune basis when other work necessitates the recovery of the BOP stack for disassembly. Experience has shown that. INSTRUCTION: Without exception there shall be no greater than 5 years between major surveys by OEM . INSTRUCTION: All Subsea lines. testing work. regular visual (ROV) inspections should be documented and recorded. subsea stack lines differ from moonpool lines in the following ways: They are much shorter (typically 3. Furthermore.5.7. a combination of less dynamic movement plus a reduced risk of damage by mishandling or misuse. In case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office.5 .6 metres (12 . including during the deployment of the drilling riser. 30 Drilling and Service Applications . as a result of these factors expect that End Users. Being custom-built to fit each stack and being relatively short. their QHSE systems and their certifying authorities to be diligent in conducting regular inspection. should be flooded at all times.45 metres (55 . means that they are a lot less prone to failure as a result of mechanical damage. INSTRUCTION: Subsea lines cannot be re-used on another LMRP without a detailed study confirming the lines are compatible with the new installation.User’s Guide . testing and/or refurbishment. assuming the configuration design is strictly adhered to. their length tolerances are more critical than those of moonpool lines (typically 17 . Technip would.

Technip recommends that this inspection is done by Technip at a convenient Technip or authorized Coflexip® line test facility.Paragraph 6. when and where practicable. Production tests done on a well any time after the completion are very similar. two connection only section of piping which is both safe and easy to install.4. the flexible test line should be tested in accordance with API recommendations on blow-out prevention system operation tests (API 53). 8. Venting: Coflexip® Test Lines include an independent and automatic method to de-pressurise the flexible pipe body in the event of pressure build up caused by permeated gas. The flexible line designed for such an application is the "DST" flexible line.Paragraph 6.7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES) 8. and dependent on the results of such survey. but they may last longer. Following a major survey. terminations and connectors directly exposed to the internal fluids meet NACE MR-01 -75/ISO 15156 current edition.Paragraph 6. this process is called venting. Test line applications 8. including the internal inspection and an OEM pressure test must be performed on a yearly basis. 8.2 SOUR SERVICE All steel components of DST and PTL Coflexip® flexible lines..2 Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 . (See Section 1 Paragraph 1.4.1 "DST" AND "PTL" LINES DEFINITION The conventional methods of performing a test on a formation before installing the final completion equipment is the Drill Stem Test which may be carried out through flexible steel lines.4) Technip recommends that at least one major survey is performed by Technip or at a convenient Coflexip® authorized test facility no more than 5 years from date of initial OEM pressure test.2) The external visual inspection of the DST and PTL flexible line should be performed after completion of each test programme or at a one (1) month maximum interval. Technip will at that time make recommendations to periodicity of further major inspections.3 Full inspection (Section 6 .User’s Guide 31 . DST and PTL lines are designed for permanent exposure to sour service.3 VENTING Both DST and PTL flexible lines are vented. INSTRUCTION: under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed.4 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 8. thus providing a single length. Usually a Drill Stem Test is a short test which lasts less than 72 hours.4. Drilling and Service Applications .4. This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risk of failure. 8. 8.Major survey (Section 6 . The Coflexip® flexible line designed for that application is the "PTL" line.1 After installation pressure test After installation in the test system hook-up.8.3) A full inspection. 8.4 Manufacturer's inspection .

1.3 Dynamic operations Such operations involve the use of the flexible lines to compensate for relative motion between the two connection points. as well as fluid support for workover operations. When connecting acidizing lines from independent vessels to platforms. the lines being used to accommodate dimensional variations between fixed points in hard piping or for equipment connection. they include acid and proppant stimulation. This can involve pumping fluids. 9.4 Static operations These normally involve small or negligible amounts of relative movement during hook-up.1. foam or gas containing treatment materials into the well. its breaking load being several hundred tons.1 Handling INSTRUCTION: the handling of the Coflexip® flexible lines shall be carried out by qualified and trained personnel using adapted lifting/handling equipment. water and sand control.User’s Guide . Temperature ranges for these operations are given in Section 3 . When the flexible pipe is deployed from a winch. capable of handling acids.1.Paragraph 3. It must be noted that the flexible pipe must never be considered as the weak point of a system. thus ensuring correct operation of the emergency disconnect system when required. 9. the whole length of pipe shall be completely paid out so that the QCDC (Quick Connect Dis-Connect) or QDC (Quick Dis-Connect) assembly is allowed to operate in a fast and reliable manner. During the production phase.2 Well service operations Coflexip® acidizing/fracturing lines are Coflon® line.1). produced well fluids and heavy metallic salts such as calcium or zinc bromide (See Section 3 . An example is the servicing of wells from a floating service vessel to a fixed production platform: such an application can be highly dynamic and applies a tremendous strain on the pipe's mechanical properties. 9. 9.9. the services cover killing and abandonment operations. A guide system should be fitted as part of the winch installation which ensures that the flexible pipes approach angle with the winch drum is kept within reasonable limits.2. Well service operations therefore involve using piping to pump into a well as opposed to extracting from it. The deployment of the flexible lines shall be carried out following the End User's operating procedures in which all safety aspects shall be covered. the lines should be connected to the platform pipe work through an external connection point capable of bearing the loads applied by the flexible pipe. At the end of a well's economic or practical life. These operations start during the drilling phase of the well with operations such as cementing. Acidizing and fracturing line applications 9. 32 Drilling and Service Applications .Paragraph 3.1 DEFINITION Oil and gas wells require regular maintenance and servicing throughout the life of the well.1.

4. DST or PTL applications in addition to acidizing/fracturing are vented -refer to OEM pressure test certificate or line data book for precise application.2) The external visual inspection of the acidizing/fracturing line should be performed: Short lengths (static operations): prior to each hook-up and at one (1) month intervals after hook-up Long lengths (dynamic operations: vessel or winch-mounted acid lines). the lines should be thoroughly flushed with water.Paragraph 6.3 VENTING Acidizing/fracturing flexible lines are not vented.e. This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risk of failure.1 x the maximum expected working pressure.2 SOUR SERVICE All steel components of acidizing/fracturing and well service Coflexip® flexible line terminations and connectors directly exposed to the internal fluids.4 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 9.3 After installation pressure test All acidizing/fracturing lines whether short or long length.Paragraph 6.User’s Guide 33 . Lines designated "ACD" i. alternatively contact nearest Technip office with line serial number for further details. INSTRUCTION: under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed.Paragraph 6.e.4.4. Drilling and Service Applications .1 Flushing of the lines INSTRUCTION: after completion of any of the above operations. (See Section 1 Paragraph 1.9.4 Full inspection (Section 6 .4) Technip recommends that at least one major survey is done by Technip at a convenient Coflexip® line authorized testing facility no later than 5 years after the OEM original pressure test. 9. During deployment from winch to rig connection and during re-spooling on to winch 9. For this reason.Test line applications).5 Manufacturer's inspection . and dependent on the results of such survey. Technip recommends that this inspection is done by Technip or at a convenient Coflexip® line authorized testing facility.Major survey (Section 6 .7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES) 9. Following a major survey. should be pressure tested after installation and prior to operating under pressure. 9. 9. the steels used for the fabrication of these lines do not necessarily meet the requirements of NACE MR-01 -75. when and where this is practicable. Technip will at that time make recommendations to periodicity of further major inspections. Other lines with Coflon® or Rilsan® liners can be used for temporary or permanent sour service (see Section 8 .2 Routine external visual inspection (Section 6 . 9.4.4.3) A full inspection must be performed on a yearly basis. acidizing/fracturing are unsuitable for any service where produced well fluids or gases are present. meet the requirements of NACE MR-01 -75. Coflon® flexible lines required for "dual-purpose" i. at 1.

User’s Guide . 34 Drilling and Service Applications . DEFINITION Coflexip® Black™ products are a more economical solution for land based and topside applications.10. The flexible is designed and qualified in accordance with API 16C and may be monogrammed API 16C for Choke/Kill applications. All Coflexip® Black ™ Products have an integral Coflon® liner.1. cement and mud applications. Well Testing & API 7K applications. The OEM pressure test duration for Coflexip® Black™ Products is 6 hours after stabilization. The rear weatherproof seal is sufficient to provide years of weatherproofing. Derivatives of Coflexip® Black™ products may be used for Choke/Kill. while the front connection is as mechanically strong as the original. Coflexip® Black Products 10. The flexible has also been designed and qualified in accordance with API 7K and may be monogrammed API 7K for rotary. These products retain all of the strengths of a traditional Coflexip® pipe but removes the rear sealing of the end fitting making them unsuitable for subsea applications or installation in a splash zone.

2. from date of initial platform hook-up. This inspection is to be recorded by the End Users QA/QC system. at the first opportune moment after a kick has occurred. but no more than 1 month after. cement. 11. are in a controlled. it is the low diametric and longitudinal expansion factors which make flexible steel pipes particularly suitable for these locations.1 DEFINITION Drag chain applications are specific to any flexibles which are installed within a drag chain system. protected environment and therefore the inspection and test requirements are different to other installations.2 PERIODICITY OF FIELD TESTING AND INSPECTION 11.2) The external visual inspection of the drag chain lines should be performed: At platform installation upon completion of hook-up At subsequent 6 monthly periods. kill. and as such are governed by Sections 1 to 6 inclusive of this User's Guide. Furthermore. once fitted into the drag chains are installed as a package on to the platform and hooked up to the rigid piping at each end via the adapters. it is recommended that these lines are tested at a minimum of 110 % of the maximum expected working pressure. All lines should then be tested in accordance with the relevant API recommendations such as API RP 53. thus the risk of external mechanical damage is significantly reduced.2. 11. The flexibles. Drag chain operations 11.2. each flexible length is specifically engineered to fit between the 2 rigid connection points. once installed in the drag chain and hooked-up at each end. These can be lines used for choke.Paragraph 6.3 Yearly test On a yearly basis.User’s Guide 35 . Alternatively. mud. The drag chain itself also provides a supplementary mechanical protection outside the stainless steel outer wrap. in order to verify the integrity of the lines. 11.11.2 Routine visual inspection (Section 6 . or after each skidding operation whichever comes first After any intervention or maintenance on the drag chain itself For Choke and Kill lines. test and well completion fluid or other services. Technip recommends that all Coflexip® lines are pressure tested at 110 % of the maximum expected working pressure. Drilling and Service Applications .1 After platform installation and hook up The high pressure flexibles.

6: WARNING: you must be aware that a Coflexip® flexible can be stronger than some of the pipework to which it is connected and that it will rarely be the "weak point" of a system. Moving flexible line on the ground Do not attach slings directly to the end-fitting . 36 Drilling and Service Applications .9 metres (3 feet) behind the end-fitting. equipment and property. See section 1.3: the best way to achieve this is to support the weight of the line through the use of the handling collar. should be flooded at all times. Special collars can be designed for specific needs. either of whom should have their own procedures for such handling operations. The MBR must be respected at all times. as this may damage it. Prevent abrasion of the flexible line against the ground.PARA 1. whether the line is under pressure or not. Page 16 .FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES The use of wire ropes or chains may damage the anti-corrosion treatment of the end-fitting. use a shackle connected through the eye of the handling collar. the minimum bend radius is equal to: MBR = 12 x ID The accurate value of the MBR of the line is part of the technical characteristics of the Coflexip® structure and will have been supplied to the original End User: it can be obtained from the nearest Technip office. Page 17 . If force needs to be applied to the body of the flexible line itself.use the handling collar provided. If a forklift has to be used to lift a flexible line.2: only qualified and trained personnel should handle flexible lines.12. use wooden supports or planks. Whilst we make every effort to assist End Users whenever possible on the methods of handling to be deployed.9 metre (2 to 3 feet) should be used as a safety distance.PARA 2. Any rigging should be suitably adapted to the specific flexible line in question. and to prevent the flexible line from falling off the forks (see Coflexip® line Handling on the schematics inside the rear of this Guide). Summary of instructions Page 11 . etc.5: for long lines (acidizing lines for example) typically lines longer than 25m (80'). is properly protected against impacts. including during the deployment of the drilling riser Page 16 .6 to 0.7 INSTRUCTION: All Subsea lines. User should avoid bending the flexible just behind the end-fitting.PARA 2. Page 16 . then control the alignment with a non-metallic rope or sling attached about 0.PARA 2.7 .PARA 2. Page 15: . It may consist in a metallic blind flange that fits the connection -which is preferable. As a rule of thumb. ensure that no handling is done before the line is brought back to the minimum rated temperature. Always connect slings to both eyes in order to have the pulling force in a straight line through the main axis of the flexible pipe.PARA 2. surrounding personnel. For further details on Acidizing Applications see Section 9.PARA 1. The line must never be bent below the minimum bend radius (MBR). End User assumes all responsibility for essential safety precautions to avoid injury or death in connection with these operations. Never use wire ropes or chains directly against the stainless steel outer-wrap. in line with rig operating procedures. the End User should refer to Technip for advice on limitations in the use of the standard handling collars.PARA 1. or of a good wooden protection. use soft slings.3. Page 13 . As a rule of thumb.1: the inner bore of a Coflexip® line should be thoroughly flushed with fresh water prior to long term storage. soft slings must be used to prevent damage. Page 16 . the final decision on the best methods for local conditions and capacities rests with End Users or their appointed agents. This protection must ensure that: > The inner bore of the line is closed to avoid accidental intrusion of any foreign material > The connector. as mishandling can be dangerous to operations.User’s Guide . a straight length of about 0. If so required.1: if stored below minimum rated temperature. especially the seal area.1: a similar protection should be reinstalled when the line is disconnected.

1: in case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office. Page 29 . should be returned to Technip for investigation and recommendation on its continued use. should be flooded at all times.User’s Guide 37 .1: although common practice for most Users of such flexibles. the whole length of pipe MUST be paid out so that the QCDC (Quick Connect Dis-Connect) or QDC (Quick Dis-Connect) assembly is allowed to operated in a fast and reliable manner.9: in case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office. Page 30 .PARA 6. its breaking load being several hundred tonnes.PARA 7. Page 32 . in line with rig operating procedures. In case of doubt.PARA 7.PARA 4: flexible lines removed from service upon expiration of the service life should be stamped "NOT REUSABLE" or preferably cut into pieces. Drilling and Service Applications . 1.PARA 3. thus ensuring correct operation of the emergency disconnect system when required. Page 18 .PARA 7.3). Any line which reaches 20 years since its OEM pressure test.Para. it is probable that a considerable number of design changes will have been made. Page 28 . Page 28 . During this 20-year period. it is strongly recommended that a record of all service work should be maintained for each line.PARA 7. which ensures that the flexible pipes approach angle with the winch drum is kept within reasonable limits.3: under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed.1. including during the deployment of the drilling riser.2: the use of a Choke and Kill line as a Test line is unsafe and must be prohibited. It must be stressed that a catastrophic burst can be the result of these tests (although extremely unlikely on well maintained flexibles).6: these tests are carried out at the End User's risk.1: the handling of the Coflexip® flexible lines should be carried out by qualified and trained personnel using adapted lifting/handling equipment. Page 31 . and that all precautions MUST be taken to avoid damage and/or injury (see Section I . and regulations or recommendations on the use of any particular application are likely to have changed: a combination of these factors may make it impossible to recommend any further use of a particular line. In case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office.7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES). Page 27 . Page 23 . When connecting acidizing lines from independent vessels to platforms. Page 25 . contact the nearest Technip office for information on guidelines to be respected. and which continues to function correctly.PARA 6. 1.3: in case of doubt please contact the nearest Technip office.1.5.PARA 6. The deployment of the flexible lines should be carried out following the End User's operating procedures in which all safety aspects should be covered. the lines should be connected to the platform pipe work through an external connection point capable of bearing the loads applied by the flexible pipe. It must be noted that the flexible pipe must never be considered as the weak point of a system. INSTRUCTION: All Subsea lines. Page 27 .6: BOP stack lines cannot be re-used on another stack without a detailed study confirming the lines are compatible with the new installation. A guide system should be fitted as part of the winch installation.2: one should always check the temperature and pressure ratings before using mud and/or cement lines in well control operations. This could lead to long-term corrosion of the armour wires and risk of failure (See Section 1 Para.PARA 8.7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES).PARA 9.PARA 3: these lines must never be used for any purpose other than the original for which the line was supplied and which is stamped on the end-fitting fitting identification collar (see Section 1.Page 18 . When the flexible pipe is deployed from a winch.

............................................................................................................ ................... Page 33 .............................. .............................. ....................... (See Section 1 Para... ........... ...................... ............ ...................................................................................................................................... NOTES ......... 38 Drilling and Service Applications ................................................................................................................................................................................................ ...................................................................................... ..................................... ............................................................................................................................. ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................User’s Guide ............................................. REMINDER: Technip MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY SAVE AS EXPRESSLY AGREED IN WRITING WITH END USER...................................................4......................... .................................. ............................ ............................................................................................................................................................... This could lead to long term corrosion of the armour wires and risks of failure.......................................................................PARA 9......1: after completion of any fracturing and/or acidizing operations........... ............................................................................ .................................................. 1......................................................................................................... .................... ........7 FAILURE MODES OF COFLEXIP® FLEXIBLE LINES)................................................................................................................................ ............. the lines should be thoroughly flushed with water.................................................................................................................................................................................................PARA 9........................................................................3: under no circumstances should vented lines be used under water nor should either of their extremities be immersed....................... ....................................................................................................... ..................Page 33 ......................................................................................................................................................................... ..............................................................................................................................................................

User’s Guide 39 . storage and maintenance. Storage. and Maintenance Instructions. NEVER USE them to lift the crate Do not weld parts on to pipe or endfittings Unpacking guide (is in the crate / pallet) For Handling. see Section 2 WRONG RIGHT Minimum bend radius Minimum bend radius The soft slings on the crate are either for topling the crate or for the lid’s handling.For handling. see reserve Drilling and Service Applications .

Houston. Box 7657 Abu Dhabi.Glória 20241-180 Rio de Janeiro-Rj-Brazil Phone: +55 21 2139 7441 Fax: +55 21 2139 7006 Technip Offshore UK Ltd Enterprise Drive. 508988 Phone: +65 6546 9100 Fax: +65 6546 9122 Technip Abu Dhabi Al Muroor Rd.O. Any information contained herein shall not result in any binding obligation on the part of Technip. TX 77015 United States Phone: +1 281 249 2900 Fax: +1 281 452 6100 Coflexip Singapore Pte Ltd.com/DRAPS This document is the property of Technip and is not intended to be a binding contractual document. Aberdeen AB32 6TQ United Kindom Phone: +44 1224 271 374 Fax: +44 1224 407 671 Duco Inc. 16661 Jacintoport Blvd. Technip . Loyang Offshore Supply Base. .August 2013 .Photo credits: Technip. 25 Loyang Crescent Box 5161Blk 103 TOPS Ave.Group Communications . and is provided for information purposes only.technip.P.Worldwide presence Technip Innovation & Technology Center 43-45 Boulevard Franklin Roosevelt 92500 Rueil Malmaison Phone: +33 (0)1 4901 8400 Technip Brazil Rua da Gloria 178 . or any of its affiliates. Westhill. UAE Phone: +971 2 6116 548 Fax: +971 2 6266 580 www.HEADQUARTERS Technip 89 avenue de la Grande Armée 75773 Paris Cedex 16 France Phone: +33 (0)1 47 78 24 00 CONTACTS Drilling & Refining Applications Division . Westhill Industrial Estate. 1 #02-07/08 Singapore.