Paragraph 1: Introduction

Drug abuse is rife in many countries. Billions of dollars are spent
internationally preventing drug use, treating addicts, and fighting drugrelated crime. Although drugs threaten many societies, their effects can also
be combated successfully.This essay looks at some of the effects of drug use
on society, and suggests some solutions to the problem.
Paragraph 2: Problem
Drug abuse causes multiple problems for countries and communities.The
medical and psychological effects are very obvious.Addicts cannot function as
normal members of society. They neglect or abuse their families, and
eventually require expensive treatment or hospitalization.
The second effect is on crime.Huge police resources are needed to fight
smuggling and dealing. Criminal gangs and mafia underworlds develop with
the money from drugs.
Paragraph 3: Solution
However, the menace of drugs can be fought.Education is the first
battle.Children need to be told at home and in school about drugs. People
need to be aware of the effects so that they can avoid Show or Hide
this problem
A second approach is to increase police manpower and create effective laws
to stop dealers.However the main target should be the user: Families and
counselors need to talk to children and people at risk. Parents need to look at
their children and help them to become responsible. Worthwhile jobs and
housing are also needed to give people a role in society.
Paragraph 4: Conclusion
In conclusion, although the problem of drugs may seem impossible to
eliminate, there are concrete steps that can be taken to weaken the hold of
drugs on society.The danger from drugs is too great to ignore for us and our
The Effects of Drug Abuse

How many times has a person heard about the consequences of drug abuse?
Have people ever really taken those consequences into account? Drug abuse
is one of the major problems in our society. The causes of drug abuse are
really unknown, but the effects of this epidemic are very serious. Many
people get used to taking pills or like the way that illegal drugs make them

psychological. she found out that parents of drug abusers experience health deterioration due to stress and that family relationship become strained. Drug abuse can be a source of problem to the family. Drug abuse can also cause neurological damages. drugs make people feel relaxed. to get the money they need. it increases anxiety and can lead to depression. At the beginning. They can easily get addicted and abuse those drugs. and many other problems. drug abuse damages important organs such as the heart. At risk also are the siblings who may follow the same path due to exposure to mind-altering substances. abusers will steal. but if someone consumes too much or. There are many other effects that drugs have the body. and liver. and mood swings. People spend billions of dollars on drugs. lungs. First. Abusers will spend every dollar that they can get on drugs. These physical consequences could cause death. trade. unknowingly. It has become a social problem because it has afflicted the family. or permanent damage to a person's body if too much of a drug is consumed at one time. loss of appetite. They may also manifest denial behaviors to cope with the problem. In a study conducted by Barnard. just to get the "high" they think they need. Drug abuse also causes a lot of family and legal problems. which cause alterations in body movements. suicide. Often. he drugs that are beneficial to humanity may also be the same drugs that are detrimental to mankind. violence. The second effect caused by drug abuse is psychological. The third effect of drug abuse is economics. It is possible for a person to overdose on drugs. the economy and the community. Clearly.700 annually and this can drain the family’s financial resources because treatment may last for more than a year. Drugs are very powerful and alter all of a persons normal behaviors. drastic changes in behavior. however people may misuse overthe-counter drugs and this is called drug abuse. It is of no argument that drugs are created to cure diseases and to alleviate human condition.feel. The purpose of this essay is to discuss the physical. or even in a long period of time. at times not enough. or sell everything they can get. Drug abusers do not think about the money they are spending. the family . The first effect of drug abuse is physical. For example. and economic effects of drug abuse. Physical effects are the most important because these can cause death. depression. that is the problem. the treatment for drug abusers is expensive amounting to $ 4.

social excommunication. All these drugs have their evil effects on the mind and body cells of the addicts. and many other specifications. When this amount can be used for the establishment of businesses and provide for more employment opportunities. Curiosities. heroin. spiritual search.members struggle from their experiences in living with someone who misuse drugs. In the United States alone. Hyde and Setaro presented a startling figure of $110 billion a year for health and other disruptive social effects cost of drug abuse. While drugs are envisioned to advance the welfare of the people. drug abuse also affects another segment of society and that is the economy. In addition. therefore. But now-a-days it means not only medicine. for example. it accounted for one-third of the cases. Causes of Drug Addiction among Youth: The reasons why a young person gets addicted to these harmful drugs are many. drug abuse has been associated with crime and violence. Moreover. it will boost the economy of a country. desire for pleasure. some drugs may become Pandora’s Box. otherwise. drug abusers may turn in poor quality work due to absences and inability to function normally. affecting the overall output of businesses. Drug Addiction: Introduction: The term ‘drug’ has now been given a new connotation. thus. The government and other social groups should. . mental gap. It was used originally to means ‘medicine’. In Brazil. There are a number of HIV/AIDS cases due to injection drug use. The young generation are the worst victims of evils of Drug Addiction. The wider community is also gravely affected by drug abuse. drug abuse was identified as one of the causes of almost 30. lack of self-reliance are some of the reasons why these youth becomes a drug-addict. but also the fatal narcotics that include cocaine. Aside from the family. it can be a source of complicated social disarray if left uncontrolled. strengthen their programs to curb this problem. brown sugar.000 homicides.

The places that grow cocoa. the future citizens of a country. Solution for Drug Addiction: Rehabilitation of the young drug-addicts is a major social problem. The need of forming a healthy environment where the needs of these youth can be met is equally important. should be brought under vigilance. The need of raising the level of consciousness of self through proper education has been suggested as a proper step. opium etc. International projects should be taken to prohibit manufacturing of such harmful drugs Treatment of Drug Addiction: Treatment of the drug-addicts can be done through different medical . has been marked as cause of one’s becoming a drug addict. So it is imperative to see that such young boys and girls may be no means fall victims to drug addiction. The problem of drug addiction is all the more serious because the addicts are mostly young school or college going boys and girls. that is inferiority complex. on whom will depend in future its welfare and the welfare of its people. Those who thus become able to overcome their addiction can tutor other young addicts.Lack of self-confidence.

When a patient is made to give up his addiction. In other words. . he suffers from several physical troubles. religious. Thus. The World Health Organisation has defined drug abuse as a state of periodic. It has been prevalent in society from time immemorial. They should take the solemn vow of uniting for a drug-free world. There is a strong nexus between drug and torn family life. There are a variety of drugs which are used in various forms. addiction and myths of stress relief associated with it makes a vicious cycle. It has been found that broken family structure often forces one to resort to drug. and physiological factors. While it is necessary to face the problem and tackle it.processes. produced by repeated consumption of drugs either natural or synthetic. It implies physical. When detoxification is completed. This escapism in turn compels the user to go back to the drug to avoid the trouble and it eventually leads to addiction. It. economic. The members of his family should be advised how to behave with the patient. chronic intoxication. Drug addiction is a social evil. psychological and psychic dependence on the tolerance of a drug with a tendency to take more and more drugs. This is because a person faced with such situation chooses drug for its euphoric or mind-altering effect to escape from the immediate situation. worsens giving way to further use of drugs to escape the problem which is already mounted. psychiatric treatment of the patient is to be started. If he is treated through the method of detoxification by a gradual process he regains his normalcy gradually. A drug addict becomes a drug dependent. These include social. as a result. He cannot live without drugs. the users more often than not are under the effects of drugs and neglect the situation. detrimental to the individual and to the society. There are a number of causes which lead to drug addiction. It is a form of psychological conditioning that implies a set of mental and behavioural responses to drugs and related stimuli that result from repeated reinforcement produced by the use of drugs. In fact the help and co-operation of the same elements of the society is essential for the rehabilitation of the drug addicts in society. the growing urge results in increase of doses.

vision. heroin. This again aggravates the problem. The person reaches such a physiological state which necessitates the continued use of drug to prevent withdrawals. Peer pressure further accentuates the problem. in other words. codeine are different forms of drugs. which is socially acceptable. opium. In a way. etc. In other words. But the drugs which have a high physical dependence are more dangerous for the health in comparison to others.Sometimes. and heroine are the most commonly abused substances. There are varieties of drugs available today. morphine. As the concentration of alcohol increases in the blood. but are already caught in its vicious trap. Drugs are addictive as they are taken either to escape from the existing situation or for pleasure-seeking. is harmful for the body as a whole. hallucinogens and cannabis. children of a drunkard also become a drug addict. they can understand everything. The easy availability of different drugs in the market due to illicit trafficking makes it easier to procure it. marijuana. mescaline. hashish. hashish. The early exposure to drugs immensely contributes to make them drug addicts. resulting in staggering in one’s gait. hearing. exposure to drugs in the family or the locality or the school makes one a drug addicts. When they are mature. LSD. The phenomenon of drug addiction has its roots in an individual’s psychological. including alcohol and tobacco. Their innocent immature mind is unable to get its negative impact on them. depressants. khat. morphine. Usually. which include narcotics. Alcohol. Gene structure of a particular person makes him vulnerable for certain kind of addiction. LSD. taste and muscle coordinations are affected. Only affluent section of society can have accessibility to them. smell. bhang. physical and social bases. Some drugs like bhang. ‘Doing drugs’ as a cultural fad amongst the youth provokes them to experiment and lures them for addiction. . Every drug. stimulants. marijuana. personality make-up is another factor for drug addiction. drugs become the sole source of gratification for the person who has chosen them as a support system. The company also plays a prominent role in making one drug addict. are highly costly. tabocco and liquor are cheaper which a man of low-income group can afford while drugs like heroine.

psychosis. Besides. women are more prone to liver related disease than men. violent behaviour. loss of appetite. Drug dependence hampers memory perception.solving skill and concentration. irritability. The most common effects of alcohol are misjudgment and disinhibition. It releases the mental balance and puts the inner conscience to sleep so that the individual loses the control over his thought and action. particularly in case of tragedy or separation from one or both parents. people due to failure and frustration resort to . Long-term alcohol abuse has varied affects on human body. It affects the brain cells irrevocably and often leads to nerve damage. adventurousness and risk taking mental disposition which attracts him to do something different and experiment with everything new in life. This. Significantly. It is very difficult to designate the vulnerability to addiction. A person confronting the situation is caught in a feeling of footlessness. decreased interest in achievement-oriented action are associated with it. Family problem has also been attributed to some extent to this problem. micro-vascular damage. The use of psychoactive drugs is widely acknowledged as a facet of people’s lifestyles. the fear of the individual against socially unacceptable behaviour decreases in him and he becomes very much vulnerable to drug sometimes. he begins to take drugs under peer pressure. Thus. respiratory depression. insomnia. problem. in turn. nausea. it is youth’s curiosity. Besides. alcohol taken by pregnant women may cause health problem to babies. impaired health. Often the strained or torn family relation leads one to drug addiction. Liver damage resulting in cirrhosis is the most dangerous health hazard caused by drug addiction. accidents and crimes.The mental confusion enhances with even a small quantity of drug intake which is manifested in behavioural changes. leads to loss of sensation and mobility in limbs. a number of symptoms such as increased pulse rate. drowsiness. severe weight loss. Moreover. He feels free from any kind of accountability. When a person during his early adulthood and adolescence is in the look for his self identity. blood pressure. It has been generally seen that youth is the most vulnerable lot of drug dependence. narrow range of attention. This carefree feeling makes the drinker prone to violence. poor comprehension and memory. poor perception of time and distance. Peer presence has commonly been identified as a major cause for initial and experimental drug use. Anybody can be addicted to drug anytime in any phase of his life.

drug addiction is a great socio-economic and health problem. psychological treatment side by side medical treatment through individual counseling. our educational curriculum should be so designed that value-based moral education is made a part of it. it is very difficult to give it up. When the ordinary social fabric is disrupted by several socio-economic factors such as poverty. Unless a person wishes to get rid of this evil. groups and other governmental and non-governmental agencies can play influential role. the NGOs. When their capabilities and efficiencies are not well-rewarded and not wellrecognised. etc. self. But for the total recovery of the addict. they opt out and seek alternative gratifications in drugs.drugs as a means to find solace. . re-education and yoga is of immense help. more values need to be inculcated in children. they should be taught to develop good hobbies to spend time happily and meaningfully in good company. group therapy. Since in very early age. migration. Undoubtedly.exposure and self-help. Besides. They should be made aware of the vices of addiction. Hence. The media. The planning of treatment must focus on self. They need to be taught to develop a useful and constructive work-oriented daily routine in which they do manage some time for social activities. an awareness campaign can serve the purpose. the problems of drug addiction get chance to flourish. It is kind of disease which is curable with the help of proper treatment.