Modern education system is depending upon learner-centric approach and it is very

necessary to know how does a child learn or more specifically, we can say that which
learning style is suitable to him?
So, the idea of individualized learning styles originated in the 1970s, and has greatly
influenced education. David A. Kolb, an American educationist, developed a leaning style
model.
There are many learning style model were developed namely Peter Honey and Alan
Mumford's model, Anthony Gregorc's model, Neil Fleming's VAK/VARK model, etc. But, Kolb's
model of learning styles is one of the best-known and widely used learning style theories. He
believed that our individual learning styles emerge due to our genetics, life experiences, and
the demands of our current environment.
Slide 2: Major Fact
According to Kolb, “Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the
transformation of experience”. This type of learning is known as ‘Experimental Learning’.
It should be noted that, “Experiential” means relating to or resulting from experience while
“experimental” means relating to or based on experiment. Kolb uses the term “experiential”
as his theory is based more on reflection of experiences. While others use “experimental”
when referencing experimental-inquiry techniques that require learners to test hypothesis
(experiment) about content knowledge.
Learning styles can be defined as a set of cognitive, emotional, characteristic and
physiological factors that serve as relatively stable indicators of how a learner perceives,
interacts with, and responds to the learning environment.
Slide 3: Kolb's Experiential Learning Model
Based on the experiential learning, Kolb developed an Experiential Learning Model is
based on two dimensions or continuums that form a quadrant –
Perception Continuum: This continuum deals with how a child perceive knowledge from
the outside world and it has 2 states namely Feeling and Thinking by which we can perceive
knowledge.
Processing Continuum: This continuum deals with how a child process the perceived
knowledge inner self and it has 2 states namely Watching and Doing by which we can
process or conceptualize our inner knowledge.
Slide 4: Experiential Learning Cycle
From the Experiential Learning Model, an Experiential Learning Cycle is constructed.
Concrete Experience (CE): Learning from specific experiences and relating to people.
Being involved in a new experience.
Reflective Observation (RO): Observing before making a judgment by viewing the
environment from different perspectives. Watching others or developing observations about
one’s own experience

Understanding the theory and having a clear grasp of the biking concept.CE) Thinking (Abstract Conceptualization . with a strong preference for doing rather than thinking.Leaping on the bike and have a go at it.Receiving practical tips and techniques from a biking expert. it should be clear –  Learning to ride a bicycle:     Concrete experience . Active experimentation . they like hands-on and practical learning rather than lectures.RO) Accommodators (CE/AE) Convergers (AC/AE) Divergers (CE/RO) Assimilators (AC/RO) Slide 6: From the 4 types of learning style. Includes risk-taking. Using theories to solve problems.AE) Feeling (Concrete Experience . They like to explore complexity by direct interaction and learn better by themselves than with other people. creating theories to explain observations Active Experimentation (AE): Ability to get things done by influencing people and events through action. If we take an example. Heuristic Method.AC) Watching (Reflective Observation . we also get 4 types of learners – 1. Slide 5: Learning Style Accommodative Learning Style Divergent Learning Style Assimilating Learning Style Convergent Learning Style Doing (Active Experimentation .Thinking about riding and watching another person ride a bike. Abstract conceptualization . Divergers (Concrete experiencer/Reflective observer) . 2. As might be expected. It is a cyclic process. make decisions. They do not like routine and will take creative risks to see what happens. Methods – Discovery method.Abstract Conceptualization (AC): Logical analysis of ideas and acting on intellectual understanding of a situation. They like to ask 'what if?' and 'why not?' to support their action-first approach. Reflective observation . Accomodators (Concrete experiencer/Active experimenter) Accommodators have the most hands-on approach.

Convergers (Abstract conceptualization/Active experimenter) Convergers think about things and then try out their ideas to see if they work in practice. and will start from detail to constructively work up to the big picture. They like to ask 'why'. understanding how things work in practice. They enjoy participating and working with others but they like a calm ship and fret over conflicts. Assimilators (Abstract conceptualizer/Reflective observer) Assimilators have the most cognitive approach. They are generally influenced by other people and like to receive constructive feedback. and will respect the knowledge of experts. Methods – Lecture method. They prefer to work by themselves. thinking carefully and acting independently. They prefer lectures for learning.Divergers take experiences and think deeply about them. thus diverging from a single experience to multiple possibilities in terms of what this might mean. Problem-solving Method Slide 7: Educational Implication . They like facts and will seek to make things efficient by making small and careful changes. The ask 'What is there I can know?' and like organized and structured understanding. Methods – Lecture method. with demonstrations where possible. They learn through interaction and computer-based learning is more effective with them than other methods Methods – Interactive method. preferring to think than to act. They like to learn via logical instruction or hands-one exploration with conversations that lead to discovery. Demonstration Method 4. They like to ask 'how' about a situation. They will also learn through conversation that takes a logical and thoughtful approach. Brain-storming Method 3.