VOCABULARY

1.1. Health and fitness
Salt
Vitamins
Fibre
Sugar
Fat
Protein

Sal
Vitaminas
Fibra
Azúcar
Grasa
Proteina

Smoking
Go on a diet
Join a gym
Put on weight
Cut out fat
Cut down on chocolate

Carbohydrate
Calorie
Fruit
Salad
Fish
Vegetables
Chocolate
Alcohol

Carbohidratos
Caloria
Fruta
Ensalada
Pescado
Verduras
Chocolate
Alcohol

Exercise
Water
Stress
Junk food
Get enough sleep
Get fit
Make sure

Fumar
Hacer una dieta
Apuntarse al gimnasio
Coger peso
Dejar la grasa
Reducir el consumo
de..
Ejercicio
Agua
Estrés
Comida basura
Dormir suficiente
Estar en forma
Estar seguro

Syringe
Thermometer
Stethoscope
Scale
Stretcher
Wheelchair
Make arrangements
Make changes
Make a decision
Make a phone call
Make an effort
Make a mistake
Make a speech
Make an appointment
Make a suggestion
Make up
Make up for
Make for
Make out
Make into

Jeringuilla
Termómetro
Estetoscopio
Balanza
Camilla
Silla de ruedas
Llegar a un acuerdo
Hacer cambios
Tomar una decisión
Hacer una llamada
Hacer un esfuerzo
Cometer un error
Hacer un discurso
Coger cita (médico,…)
Hacer una sugerencia
Maquillarse
Compensar
Solicitar
Percibir
transformar

1.2. Illness and treatment
Blister
Stomach upset
Sunburnt
Splinter
Headache
Run down
Sore throat
Jet-lagged
Casualty department
Local surgery
Scar
stitches
Antihistamines
Antibiotics
Recipe
Prescription
Plaster
Bandage
Injection
Vaccination
To fit

Ampolla
Malestar de estómago
Quemado (del sol)
Astilla
Dolor de cabeza
Estar cansado
Dolor de garganta
Afectado por jet-lag
Sala de urgencias
Médico de cabecera
Cicatriz
Puntos
Antihistaminicos
Antibióticos
Receta (de cocina)
Receta médica
Escayola
Vendaje
Inyección
Vacuna
Incluir

2.1. Geography
Flowers
Forest
Rainforest
Jungle
Orchard
Path
River
Stream
Peak
Hill
Slope
Valley
Cliff
Cave
Lake
Waterfall
Beach
Sand
Dust
Vegetation
Neither
None of them

Flores
Bosque
Selva
Jungla
Campos
Camino
Río
Arroyo
Pico (cumbre)
Cuesta (hacia arriba)
Cuesta, ladera
Valle
Acantilado
Cueva
Lago
Cascada
Playa
Arena
Polvo
Vegetación
Ninguno
Ninguno de ellos

Low ≠ high
Deep ≠ shallow
Clear ≠ muddy
Wide ≠ narrow
Cultivated ≠ wild
Straight ≠ winding
Steep ≠ gentle
Canal
Flood
Wood
Timber
Mountain
Sea
Ocean
Bank
Shore
Coast
Soil
Mud
Views
Landscape
Walking along a path

Bajo /alto
Profundo /superficial
Claro / fangoso
Ancho / estrecho
Cultivado / salvaje
Recto / ondulado
Empinado /amable
Canal (de agua)
Inundación
Bosque / madera
Madera
Montaña
Mar
Océano
Orilla (del río)
Orilla (de lago o playa)
Costa
Tierra, suciedad
Barro
Vistas
Paisaje
Andando por una senda

Monsoon
Puddle
Hailstone
Bolt
Thunder
To rise
To soak
To tread
To pour
To drop
Wind
Rain
Ice
Snow

Monzón
Charco
Granizo
Rayo
Trueno
Aumentar (la Tª)
Remojar
Pisar
Diluviar
Caer (la Tª)
Viento
Lluvia
Hielo
Nieve

2.2. Climate and weather
Humid
Wet
Dry
Mild
Downpour
Breeze
Blizzard
Gale
Heatwave
Frost
Storm
Cloud
Sun
Fog
To trek

Húmedo
Mojado
Seco
Apacible
Aguacero
Brisa
Vendaval
Ventisca
Ola de calor
Helada
Tormenta
Nube
Sol
Niebla
Escalar

pitido Be embarrased Be disappointed Be excited Be surprised by sth Be terryfied Be relieved Estar avergonzado Estar disgustado Estar excitado Estar sorprendido por Estar aterrado alg Estar aliviado o Feel guilty Feel jealous Feel upset Be angry Be happy Be worried Be anxious Sentirse culpable Sentirse celoso Sentirse disgustado Estar enfadado por Estar feliz alg Estar preocupado o Estar ansioso 3.3. Music Above all Choir ˂quair> Listen to music Rock ‘n’ roll Pop World music Folk Classical music Album Lyrics Rhythm Guitar Drum Voices Repertoire Cello. silbido Zumbido Explosión Croar Bark Grunt Howl Splash Creak Whistle Ladrido Gruñido Aullido Salpicadura Crujido Silbido. Feelings Ashamed Relaxed Amazed Astonished Furious Avergonzado Seguro Relajado Sorprendido Atónito Furioso Feed up Miserable Frightened Pleased Glad Concerned Annoyed Deprimido Miserable Asustado Satisfecho Contento Preocupado Enfadado Confident Get cross Be delighted with Be depressed over… Estar enfadado Estar encantado about sth con Estar deprimido por… Be proud Be afraid Be scared of sth Estar orgulloso Estar temeroso Estar asustado de .2. violoncelo Sobre todo Coro Escuchar música Rock Pop Músicas del mundo Música folclórica Música clásica Álbum Letras Ritmo Guitarra Tambor Voces Repertorio Violonchelo Composer Fan Catchy tune Old favourites Band Distinctive style Harmony Cover version Track Duet Performance Country and western Jazz Piano Opera Compositor Fan Melodía pegadiza Viejos clásicos Banda Estilo propio Harmonía Versión Pista Dueto Actuación Country y western Jazz Piano Ópera Darse cuenta de Rugido Choque Siseo.1.1. Sounds To realize/ realised Roar Crash Hiss Hum Bang Croak 4.

you do it from the beginning to the end of the time: he spent all day on it The verb pass means that time has gone by: several weeks have passed since I saw my sister If sth takes time.Who do you have no time for? .Who do you have a lot of time for? . you need that amount of time to do it: It may take us several weeks to get back How long does it take you to go? ¿Cuánto tiempo te cuesta ir? How long does summer last? ¿Cuánto dura el verano? How many years have passed since…? ¿Cuánto tiempo ha pasado desde…? How long have you spent studying? ¿Cuánto tiempo dedicas a estudiar? How long did it go on for? ¿Cuánto duró? (la película) I arrived on time Llegué a tiempo (a la hora prevista) I arrived in time Llegué a timpo (justo a tiempo para verle) I have a lot of time for Anna Tengo mucho tiempo para Anna I have no time for Anna No tengo tiempo para Anna .Be glad Estar contento alg o 4.Para Peter The time flew! ¡El tiempo vuela! She is just killing time Sólo esta matando el tiempo . Feelings: Adverbs and adjectives Very Muy Bastante Extremely Extremadamente Fairly Claramente Really Realmente Terribly Terriblemente Feeling on top of the world She burst into tears I’m thrilled to bits! She’s feeling sorry for herself She’s walking on air You’re full of the joys of spring Quite Expect Esperado To vary Variar Champion Campeón Championship Campeonato To congratulate Felicitar Small-minded Cerrado de mente Sentirse en la cumbre del mundo Ella estalló en lágrimas ¡Estoy profundamente emocionada! Siente lástima de sí misma Está andando por las nubes (de contento) Estás lleno de las alegrías de la primavera Adjectives ending in –ed describe a feeling Adjectives ending in –ing describe what caused the feeling Noun Fear Verb Adjective To fear Frightenin g Frghtened Noun Adjective Pride Proud Amazemen t Amaze Amazing Amazed Embarrassment Pleasure Annoyance Excitement Embarrass Embarrassing Embarrassed Please Pleasing Pleased Annoy Annoyed Annoying Excite Exciting Excited Anger Angry Depression Depressing/-ive Anxiety Anxious Misery Miserable Jealousy Jealous 5.¿Para quién no tienes tiempo? .¿Para quién tienes tiempo? . Time We use last to say how long something goes on for: the film lasts an hour If you spend time doing sth.Peter .My sister .2.Para mi hermana .1.

2. XVII Hace más de 8 años Alrededor de finales del S. The past Millions of years ago In the 1940s From 1960 to 1970 In 1987 About 1000 years ago Until the 17th century More than 8 years ago Towards the end of the 20th century Figure Resident Inhabitant Tribes Dynasties Acestors Descendants To hunt To chase To gather To settle To seat Spell Term Period Stretch Go on Pass out Go through Pass by Elderly Ancient Old Antique Make trade Date from the time… Grew a few percent Tenants Citiziens Hace millones de años En la década de los 40 Desde … hasta … En 1987 Hace unos 1000 años Hasta el S. cuentos Invadir Atacar Marca Prueba. poblar Asentarse Rato.5. anciano Antiguo Anciano Antigüedad Hacer negocios Data de la época … Creció un porcentaje Inquilinos Ciudadanos Wall Evidence Facts Catalogues Records Population Community Score Pared. muralla Evidencia Hecho Catálogos Registros Población Comunidad Tanteo Goods Produce Wool Tool Machine Hut Belief Opinion History Stories To invade To attack Mark Proof Sign Site Position Setting Ground Classes Contest Fight Battle Conflict Try Prove Test Check Bienes Producción Lana Herramienta Máquina Cabaña Creencia Opinión Historia (los hechos) Historias. temporada Plazo (impuesto) Periodo de tiempo Periodo de tiempo Continuar Salir Atravesar Pasar de largo Mayor. número Residentes Habitantes Tribus Dinastías Antecesores descendientes Cazar Dar caza a/ seguir Recolectar Fijar. XX Cifra. demostrar Comprobar Comprobar Noun Noun (person) Adjective History Historian Historical Prehistory ----------Prehistorical Archaeology Archaeologist Archaeological Evidence ----------Evident Verb Noun Noun (person) To populate Population ----------- To civilise Civilisation Civilian To invade Invasion Invader To reside Residence Resident Verb Noun Noun (person) To inhabit ----------Inhabitant To descend Descent Descendant To believe Belief Believer To survive Survival Survivor Noun Verb Discovery To discover Abolition To abolish Cause To cause Invention To invent Colonisation To colonize Introduction To introduce . demostración Signos Lugar Posición Escenario Suelo Clases sociales Disputa Lucha Batalla Conflicto Intentar Provar.

3. and sometimes means ‘to visit’ (usually short. spontaneous visit) Call for Pedir Hang up Colgar Call away Partir.2. viajar Put (a call) through Conectar ( una llamada) Call off Suspender Call up Llamar Call out Gritar Get off the phone Colgar el teléfono Call over Vocear Pick up Descolgar el teléfono Call back Volver a llamar Make a phone call Hacer una llamada Such as Tal como The main advantage of… La principal ventaja de… For instance Por ejemplo In addition = also además However Sin embargo A further / another Otra ventaja es… advantage is that… This leads to… Esto conduce a… There are some Hay algunos .6. Advertising Catalogue Commercial break Mailshot Poster Slogan Noun Amazing Stunning Delicious Healthy Spectacular Lively Bright Tasty Unique Offer Advertising Publicity Possibility Occasion Opportunity 40% off Catálogo Anuncio (TV o radio) Buzoneo Póster Eslógan Sustantivo Sorprendente Maravilloso Delicioso Sano Espectacular Animado Brillante Sabroso Único Oferta Publicidad Publicidad Posibilidad Ocasión Oportunidad 40% de descuento Full refund Busy Active Golden Sandy Wonderful Top-quality Nice Agreeable Extraordinary Pleasant Fantastic Remarkable Magical Al least At most Make advantage of Compromise Guarantee Protection Refund Whole Devolución completa Ocupado Activo Dorado Arenoso Maravilloso De alta calidad Bonito. bueno Agradable Extraordinario Agradable Fantástico Notable Mágico Al menos De más de… Beneficiarse de Compromiso Garantía Protección Devolución Conjunto. totalidad Best seller Palabra clave Contraseña Página principal Asistencia Online Seguro Clic Cliente Enter Sign Search box Check out Webpage Email address Account Website Intro Firma Cuadro de búsqueda Echar un vistazo Página web Dirección mail Cuenta Sitio web 6. Computers Bestseller Keyword Password Home page Support Online Secure Click Customer 6.1. Telephoning Call sometimes means ‘to phone’.

This results in… Esto da como resultado… disadvantages… inconvenientes… 7. ascenso Horas extra Vacancy Electrician Kitchen assistant Vacante Electricista Asistente de cocina Lab assistant Optician Psychologist Asistente de laboratorio Óptico Psicólogo Solicitor Chef Firefighter Plumber Lifeguard Police officer Software enginneer Efficient Well-organised Abogado Chef Bombero Fontanero Salvavidas Oficial de policía Ingeniero informático Eficiente Bien organizado Self-motivated Skill Temporary job Previous experience Wage Hard-working Training programme Candidate Rate of pay Qualified Reliant Automotivado Habilidad Trabajo temporal Experiencia previa Salario Trabajador Programa de formación Candidato Tasa de pago Cualificado Confiado 7. empleo It’s a good job means ‘it’s lucky’: It’s a good job we didn’t go to the concert because it was cancelled To do a great job means to do sth well: You’ve done a great job tidying the flat.2. tarea Career Carrera Job Trabajo. Employment and unemployment Phone or email for an application form Llamar por un formulario de solicitud Accept the job offer Aceptar una oferta de trabajo See an advert Ver un anuncio Have an interview Hacer una entrevista Email or post the application Enviar una solicitud Fill in the application form Rellenar el formulario de solicitud Receive a job offer Recibir una oferta de trabajo Input Entrada To carry out Llevar a cabo Achieve Lograr Waitress Camarera Self-confident Autoconfiado Modest Modesto Technique Técnica Boss Jefe Ability Habilidad Design Diseño Director Director Acknowledges Reconocimientos Work Trabajo. . Jobs Construction Customer service Emergency services Health Hotel and catering Information technology Legal Leisure and sport Scientific Accountant Architect Builder Cleaner Mechanic Nursery assistant Receptionist Sales manager Salary Qualifications Experience Permanent job Enthusiastic Dynamic Creative Promotion Extra hours Construcción Atención al cliente Servicios de emergencia Salud Hotel y catering Tecnología de la información Legal Ocio y deporte Científico Contable Arquitecto Constructor Limpiador Mecánico Asistente de enfermería Recepcionista Jefe de ventas Salario Cualificaciones Expleriencia Trabajo permanente Entusiasta Dinámico Creativo Promoción.1.

I can’t send an email .To work can also mean to operate or function: The computer isn’t working.

Physical appearance Eyebrow Eyelash Freckles Wrinkles Bald Pointed Shaped Round Thin Straight Ceja Pestaña Pecas Arrugas Calvo Puntiagudo Conformado Redondo Delgado Liso Fair Thick Pale Curly Wavy Dark Blond Short Long Claro Espeso Pálido Rizado Ondulado Moreno Rubio Corto Largo We can only use take after about people from the same family: Jessica takes after her mum We can use look like about anyone: Mark looks like John Lennon .8.1.

2.8.is added to some adjectives beginning with pI. friendless ImPolite Patient Possible UnInPopular Considerate Kind Convenient Imaginative Expensive Sociable Im. Personality Easy-going Thoughtful Imaginative Shy Selfish Thoughtless Nosey Sociable Bossy Sensitive Sensible Sympathetic Big-headed Talkative Generous Cheerful Moody Mean Serious He’s very/really… He’s so… He’s a bit… He’s much/ far too… He’s never/always… Fácil de llevar Considerate Reflexivo Outgoing Imaginativo Lively Tímido Relaxed Egoísta Impatient Irreflexivo Unreliable Curioso Unkind Sociable Funny Mandón Generous Sensible Gentle Sensato Hard-working Simpático Modest Cabezota Polite Hablador Self-confident Generoso Aggressive Alegre Rude De humor cambiante Lazy Tacaño Bad-tempered Serio Dishonest Él es muy/realmente… The only thing I don’t like Él es tan… about her is that she… Es un poco… The best thing about Es muy… her is that she… Nunca/ siempre es… She can’t be… Considerado Que sale Animado Relajado Impaciente Irrealista Cruel Divertido Generoso Amable Trabajador Modesto Educado Confiado Agresivo Rudo Perezoso Con mal genio Deshonesto La única cosa que no me gusta de ella es que… Lo mejor que tiene ella es… Ella no puede ser… We can add –ful to some nouns to make positive adjectives meaning ‘having’: thoughtful. cheerful We can add –less to some nouns to make negative adjectives meaning ‘lacking’: thoughtless.is added to some adjectives beginning with r- DisHonest Satisfied IRelevant Responsible Regular .

gymnast Hiking .1.scaler Diving .diver Football Gymnastics . insultar Atropellar Tropezar contra Pasar por Toparse con Salir corriendo Quedarse sin Correr por todas partes Desbocarse como un niño Hacer tanto que ya no puedo hacer nada más Correr en círculos Es cosa de familia Hacer algo sobre la marcha La gente está emocionada 9.swimmer Climbing .skater Squash Court Bat Stick Track Pitch Skate Clay court Grass court Boot Sailer Judo – judoka Yoga Caminar . Movement To run Correr To walk Andar To dash Precipitarse To rush Lanzarse To stroll Pasear To stride Montar a horcajadas To creep Arrastrarse To sprint Esprintar To crawl Arrastrarse To wander Vagar Athlete Atleta Run wild as a child Run yourself into the ground Run round in circles Run in the family Do something on the run People’s feeling run high Tourist Burglar Run down Run over Run up against Run through Run across Run out Run out of Run around Turista Ladrón Denigrar.9. únete a ellos Helena beat me to it Helena me ganó de mano We still didn’t manage to beat the rush Todavía no pudimos separar la pérdida We use win for winning competitions and prizes: win a race. Sport Running – runner Cycling – cyclist Jogging Aerobics Badminton Skateboard Hockey Table tennis Sailing Martial arts Volleyball Rugby Swimming . You beat someone at a game or sport .caminante Atletismo – atleta Esquí – esquiador Esnorquel Beisbol Snowboarding Surf – surfero Skating – skater Squash Cancha Bate Stick Pista Campo Skate Pista de tierra Pista de césped Bota Velero To be a winner Ser un ganador We can win her round Podemos ganar la ronda If you can’t beat them.walker Athletics –athlete Skiing – skier Snorkelling Baseball Snowboarding Surfing . win a trophy We use beat for beating people and records.surfer Skating .2. join them Si no puedes ganarles.hiker Ice hockey Racket Ramp Field Marcha – corredor Ciclismo – ciclista Jogging Aeróbic Badminton Skateboard Hockey Ping-pong Navegación Artes marciales Volleyball Rugby Natación – nadador Escalada – escalador Buceo – buzo Fútbol Gimnasia – gimnasta Excursionismo – ista Hockey sobre hielo Raqueta Rampa Campo Judo – judoka Yoga Walking .

Travel Travel Luggage Hotel Suitcase Equipment Weather Storm .1. viaje Equipaje Hotel Maleta Equipo.10. Family and relationship Classmates Neighbour Colleague Penfriend Cousin Step-sister Nephew Sisters-in-law Flatmate A married couple Son-in-law Daughter-in-law Banquet Couple Boyfriend Girlfriend Marido Wife Promised Compañeros de clase Vecino Colega Amigo por carta Primo Hermanastra Sobrino Cuñadas Compañero de piso Una pareja casada Yerno Nuera Banquete Pareja Novio Novia Marido Esposa Prometido Parent Divorce To marry Wedding aniversary Son Daughter Niece Invitation Ceremony Godfather Godmother Grandfather Grandmother Uncle Aunt Grandson Granddaughter Father-in-law Mother-in-law Padres Divorcio Casarse Aniversario de bodas Hijo Hija Sobrina Invitación Ceremonia Padrino Madrina Abuelo Abuela Tío Tía Nieto Nieta Suegro Suegra Pelearse Hablarse con Ponerse en contacto Mantener Me enamoré Llevarse bien Llegar a conocerla Mantenerse en contacto Hacer amigos Tener algo en común To know To meet Parents Relatives Traditional Typical Couple Pair Conocer/ saber Conocer Padres Relaciones Tradicional Típico Pareja Par Neighbour Colleague Vecino Colega Viajar. Friends Fall out with Speak to Get in touch Keep up I fell in love Get on well Got to know her Keep in touch Make friends Have sth in common 11. material Tiempo (climático) Tormenta Camera Accommodation Information Journey Transport Coin Guidebook Cámara Alojamiento Información Viaje Transporte Moneda Guía de viaje I have a good/bad relationship with my sister We get/are married/engaged to someone We get/are divorced from someone 10.2.1.

1.3. complejo Vacaciones Vacaciones de turismo Galería.2. It’s countable: the journey takes two hours We use trip to describe a short jurney somewhere when you go for a short time and then come home. Holidays Car Train Plain Resort Holiday Sightseeing holiday Gallery Five-star hotel Archaeological site Guesthouse Travel can be a verb or an uncountable noun: Air travel is becoming increasingly popular We use journey to describe going from one place to another. It’s a countable noun: My friend and I went on a weekend trip to Amsterdam 12. empezar Provocar Construir. museo Hotel 5 estrellas Lugar arqueológico Casa de huéspedes Museum Campsite Routine Package tour Luxurious Set out Set in Set off Set up Set about Museo Campamento Rutina Paquete turístico Lujoso Exponer Establecerse. Leisure time To have To play To STAYING IN A party Tener una fiesta A club Tener un club A quiet night Pasar una noche tranquila To go A drink Tomar una copa Friends round Tener amigos alrededor Games Jugar a juegos Surfing Hacer surf A drive Reproducir un disco To go A play Jugar a un juego to Cards Jugar a las cartas A match Jugar un partido A film Ver una película GOING OUT Surfing Ir a surfear Swimming Ir a nadar Shopping Ir a comprar A barbecue Ir a una barbacoa Clubbing Ir de marcha A concert Ir a un concierto A party Ir a una fiesta A restaurant Ir a un restaurante The cinema Ir al cine A club Ir a un club The theatre Ir al teatro The beach Ir a la playa . establecer Atacar 11. Transport Seat Check-in Headset Conveyor To pass Gate Crew Belt Departure Bus stop Traffic lights Tram Ticket Asiento Facturación Auriculares Transportador Pasar/ pase Puerta Tripulación Cinturón Salida Parada de autobús Semáforo Tranvía Billete Refreshment Control Security Passport Board Bus Underground Train Taxi Track Tunnel Reviser Wagon Taximeter Refresco Control Seguridad Transporte Bordo / embarcar Autobús Metro Tren Taxi Vías Túnel Revisor Vagón Taxímetro Coche Tren Llanura Resort.11.

Cinema and theatre Actor Audience Box office Cartoon Cast Costumes Comedy Critic Director Documentary Drama Dressing room Location Musical Performance Plot Rehearsal Reviews Science fiction Screen Soundtrack Actor Audiencia Taquilla Dibujos Emitir Trajes Comedia Crítica Director Documental Drama Camerino. a crossword We collect objects e. argumento Ensayo Críticas. opiniones Ciencia ficción Pantalla Banda sonora Special effects Stage Studio Subtitles Thriller Trailer Western Romantic comedy Horror Gripping Brilliant Unimpressive Imaginative Stunning Uninspired Uninteresting Fascinating Tedious Wooden Entertaining Efectos especiales Escena. chess We do other pastimes/activities e.2. vestidor Ubicación Musical Representación Trama. Hobbies and Games Jigsaw puzzle Cards Snakes and ladders Chess Su doku Crossword Dominoes Backgammon Rompecabezas Cartas Serpientes y escaleras Ajedrez Sudoku Crucigrama Dominó Backgammon Take after someone Take in a friend Take off Take off your hat Take off a business Take on work Take over a business Take to work Parecerse a alguien Disfrutar de un amigo Despegar Quítate el sombrero Despegar un negocio Asumir el trabajo Hacerse cargo de un negocio Llevar al trabajo We play games e.g.watch A DVD A match Ver un DVD Ver un partido To go for A walk Ir a dar un paseo 12. stamps Take is used with up to mean you begin doing sth as a hobby: I took up chess last year Take is used with to to mean you really enjoy doing sth: I’ve really taken to su doku puzzles 12. escenario Estudio Subtítulos Trhiller Trailer Western Comedia romántica Horror Fascinante Brillante Impresionante Imaginativo Maravilloso No inspirado Poco interesante Fascinante Tedioso De madera Entretenido .g.3.g.

13. clasificar Puesto. alrededores Exteriores Esquema.1. contorno Aparcamiento 13. bienes Underpass Overweight Overcrowded Underwater Overdue Overcharged Overheard Rush hour Traffic lights Rank Stall Kiosk Station Outdoors Outskirts Outsides Outline Paso inferior Sobrepeso Superpoblado Submarino Atrasado Sobrecarga Escuchado Hora punta Semáforos Rango. desilusionar Rechazar Derribar Calle Carril Camino Superficie Región Espacio Propiedad. casilla Quiosco Estación Al aire libre Afueras. Facilities Fitness center Health center Car park Art gallery Concert hall 13.2. Traffic Sidewalk. Cities and towns Port Market town New town Seaside town Capital city Industrial city Rural area Historic town Ancient mosque Ruined castle District Residential area The edge of a city Puerto Ciudad comercial Ciudad nueva Ciudad costera Capital Ciudad industrial Área rural Ciudad histórica Antigua mezquita Castillo en ruinas Distrito Área residencial La orilla de la ciudad Open places Cobbled streets Location Picturesque Marquet square Shopping center Attractions Delightful Cosmopolitan Outskirts Block Flat Pedestrian crossing/ crosswalk Car park Sitios abiertos Calles adoquinadas Ubicación Pintoresco Plaza comercial Centro comercial Atracciones Encantador Cosmopolita Afueras Bloque Piso Paso de peatones Suburbs Ruins Suburbios Ruinas Gimnasio Centro de salud Aparcamiento Galería de arte Sala de conciertos Football stadium Skating rink Bowling alley Cabstand Estadio de fútbol Pista de patinaje Bolera Parada de taxis Acera Calzada Carretera Ralentizar Romper Anotar Defraudar.3. pavement Roadway Road Slow down Break down Write down Let down Turn down Pull down Street Lane Way Surface Region Space Estate .

.

it’s hot The person who cooks is a cook: My husband is a very good cook 14. Food and drink Beef Trout Lamb Chicken Chop Ham Wing Cod Plaice Bacon Steak Squid Burger Tuna Breast Salmon Pork Mussels Grill pan Saucepan Frying pan Wok To pour To beat To chop To peel Butter Cream Flour Ternera Trucha Cordero Pollo Cortar Jamón Ala Bacalao Platija Bacon Filete Calamar Hamburguesa Atún Pechuga Salmón Cerdo Mejillones Parrilla Cacerola Sartén Wok Verter Batir Picar Pelar Mantequilla Crema Harina Duck Prawns Sausage Lobster Cow Sheep Pig Poultry Meat Fish Shelfish Under the grill On the hob In the oven Steak Egg Fruit Vegetables Cake Roasting tin Cake tin Orange juice To grate To melt To mix To slice To stir Sauce Cooker Pato Gambas Salchicha Langosta Vaca Oveja Cerdo Aves de corral Carne Pescado Marisco A la parrilla Al vapor Al horno Filete Huevo Fruta Verduras Pastel Fuente de horno Molde Zumo de naranja Rallar Derretir Mezclar Cortar Remover Salsa Aparato de cocción A cooker is what you cook on: don’t touch the cooker. fashion or films .1.2.14. Meals Every day meals Breakfast Lunch Dinner Seafood Main meals Noodles Rice dishes Salads Desserts Fresh juices Comidas diarias Desayuno Comida Cena Marisco Comidas principales Fideos Arroces Ensaladas Postres Zumos frescos Oriental dishes Menu Pickles Freshness Tasty Tasteful Tasteless Soft drinks Beer Wine Starters Platos orientales Menú Encurtidos Frescura Sabroso De buen gusto Insípido Bebidas sin alcohol Cerveza Vino Entrantes We use the word taste literally when we talk about food. But we also use it figuratively to talk about more abstract things like art.

watch or read about sth. Television and radio Comedy Realty TV Soap opera Drama series Documentary Highlight Station It makes me laugh It’s really good drama It’s so entertaining Current affairs programme I love the characters Heard Saw Listen to Comedia Reality Telenovela Serie dramática Documental Momento culminante Estación Me hace reir Es un buen drama Es tan entretenido Programa de actualidad Me encantan los personajes Escuchar Sierra Escuchar We can see things without trying: I saw Rob when I was in the supermarket. Newspapers and magazines Daily newspaper Local newspaper Tabloid newspaper Newspaper editor Newspaper editorial Newspaper article Newspaper headline Periódico diario Periódico local Gaceta Editor de periódico Editorial Artículo de periódico Titular de periódico Fashion magazine Monthly magazine Travel magazine Women’s magazine Gossip magazine Magazine report Magazine cover Revista de moda Revista mensual Revista de viajes Revista de mujeres Revista de cotilleos Reportaje de revista Portada de revista . If we look at.1.3. en el aire Repeticiones Canal Pantalla Disk jockey Conjunto Mando a distancia Estudio La actuación es brillante Los gráficos son buenos Las historias son cautivadoras Es muy convincente Look at Watch Read about Mirar Ver Leer sobre 15. Art Print Oil paintings Draw Water colour Sculpture Textiles Jewellery Pottery Artistic Impresión Pinturas al óleo Dibujar Acuarela Escultura Textiles Joyería Cerámica Artístico Still life Abstract Portrait Landscape Gallery Studio Collection Exhibition Artist Naturaleza muerta Abstracto Retrato Paisaje Galería Estudio Colección Exposición Artista Aerial Repeats Channel Screen Disc jockey Set Remote control Studio The acting is brilliant The plots are good The storylines are gripping It’s quite compelling Aéreo. 15.14.2.we make an effort: she looked at the clock to see what time it was We watch things for a period of time and they’re usually changing:I spent all Monday watching football We hear things without trying but when we listen to sth we make an effort: We stopped playing when we heard the whistle. I like to listen to the radio on Sunday monrings.

vislumbrar Respirar Olor Mirada Guiñar Observar Oír Mirar.15.3. inheritance Fallow year Contemporary.1. about or with certain qualities’) to nouns or adjective I have a three-year-old daughter. humeo Vista Carrera Testigo Mirar fijamente Librería Biblioteca Personalidades Personajes Capítulo Science fiction novel Textbook Thriller Notice Glimpse Breathe Smell Gaze Wink Observe Overhear Glance Author Journalist Novelist Poet Borrow Lend Verse Novela de ciencia-ficción Libro de texto Thriller Notar. thirties. vistazo Autor Periodista Novelista Poeta Pedir prestado Prestar Verso Elderly Widow Anciano Viuda Childish Infantil (de carácter) Heritage. Different ages He is 16 years old In his (early/late) teens In his (early/late) twenties.nota Entrever. aviso. coeval Widower Get a life! How’s life? Herencia Año sabático Coetáneo Viudo Vive la vida ¿Cómo es la vida? It’s her life Es su vida 16. percibir.… Middle-aged Pregnant Of the same age Be mature That’s life Life’s too short She’s full of life Tiene 16 años Está al principio/final de los 10 Está al principio/final de la veintena De edad mediana Embarazada De la misma edad Ser maduro Así es la vida La vida es demasiado corta Está llena de vida We can add –ish (‘quite. Books Atlas Biography Cookery book Detective story Diary Encyclopedia Ghost story Guidebook Poetry book Spot Sniff View Stroke Witness Stare Bookshop Library Personalities Characters Chapter Atlas Biografía Libro de cocina Historia de detectives Diario Enciclopedia Historia de fantasmas Guía Libro de poesía Lugar Oler. NOT a three years old daughter I’m expecting a baby NOT I’m waiting for a baby Kid is only used in very informal situations to mean child .

imponer Presentarse (a un examen) Entregar Devolver Regalar Repartir Renunciar.1. pasar Entregar Pass exams Hand down Sit for Hand over Give back Give away Give out Give up Aprovar exámenes Dictar. diplomado Esencial Obligatorio Alumno Estudiante no licenciado Aprender Enseñar Estudiar Transmitir.Shopping Vouchers Cheques Sale Discount Cash Vales Cheques Venta Descuento Efectivo Credit Basket Trolley Refunds Cash back Get in To wear To dress Crédito Cesta Carrito Reembolsos Dinero de vuelta Entrar. If we pass an exam we know the results and have succeeded.16. University Campus Acres Faculty Humanities Science Technology Law Discuss Tutors Residence School-leavers Semester Vacation Campus Acres Profesorado. no le cabe No coincide con otra pieza de ropa No le conviene Ponerse Hacerse al traje Probarse Quitarse Quedarse (una prenda) Desvestirse . folleto Seminarios Cursos Disertaciones Sindicato de estudiantes Pregrado Graduarse Graduado. abandonar 16.School Essential Compulsory Pupil Undergraduate Learn Teach Study Hand on Hand in We take. The opposite is fall. sit or do an exam.2. obtener Llevar Vestir It’s a waste of money It doesn’t fit It doesn’t match another piece of clothing It doesn’t suit him/her Put on Grow into a suit Try on Take off Hang on Get undressed Es una pérdida de dinero No se ajusta.3. facultad Humanidades Ciencia Tecnología Ley Discutir Tutores Residencia Egresados Semestre Vacaciones Medicine Departament Geography History Pick up Prospectus Seminars Courses Dissertations Student’s union Undergraduate course Graduate Postgraduate Medicina Departamento Geografía Historia Recoger Prospecto. 17.

sin lujo A rayas Cuero Poliéster Lana Impermeable For most materials we use the same word as a noun and adjective: I bought a silk shirt/ It’s made of silk 17.3. a fare. ganar Ahorrar Donar Multa Tarifa We pay someone but we pay for sth: I paid the builder the money I owed him. a bill or a fee . I paid for the work the builder had done. traje Bolsillos A manchas Holgado Capucha Liso Largo Corto A flores Sencillo. escote Licra Seda Algodón Nylon Tie Buttons Pyjamas Sweatshirt Skirt Cap Earring Slippers Tights Sleeves Scarf T-shirt Trousers Ring Trainers Outfit Pockets Spotted Baggy Hood Flat Long Short Flowery Plain Striped Leather Polyester Wool Raincoat Corbata Botones Pijamas Sudadera Falda Gorra Pendiente Zapatillas Medias Mangas Bufanda Camiseta Pantalones Anillo Zapatillas de deporte Equipaje.17. Money To earn To inherit To spend To cost To owe Bill Fee Ganar Heredar Gastar Costar Deber Cuenta Cuota. EXCEPT We pay a fine. honorarios To pay To make money To save To donate Fine Fare Pagar Hacer dinero. Clothes Blouse Cuff Gloves Jumper Jacket Hood Necklace Boots Dress Buckle Anorak Pullover Jeans Hat Belt Nightdress Skirt Collar Coat Socks Shorts Laces Bracelet Sandals Neck Lycra Silk Cotton Nylon Blusa Puño de camisa Guantes Jersey Chaqueta Capucha Collar Botas Vestido Hebilla Anorak Jersey Vaqueros Sombrero Cinturón Camisón Falda Collar Abrigo Calcetines Pantalones cortos Cordones Pulsera Sandalias Cuello.2.

Houses and homes Suburbs Modern Detach Shutters Windows Spacious Downstairs Living room Dining room Study Fitted kitchen Utility room Washing machine Drier Freezer Hedge Routine chores Oak Vowed To hammer home Afueras Moderno Destacar Persianas Ventanas Espacioso Abajo Salón Comedor Estudiar Cocina amueblada Lavadero Lavadora Secadora Congelador Cobertura. we use the word flat. Household problems Electrician Builder Service agent Decorator Dry cleaner Plumber Tap Kitchen Pipe Sink Leak Cushion Electricista Constructor Agente de servicios Decorador Tintorería Fontanero Grifo Cocina Cañería Fregadero Fuga Cojín Dishwasher Guarantee Patio Do someone in Do out a room Do up a building Do without sth Sofa Stain Light up Lavavajillas Garantía Patio Cansar Decorar Reparar Arreglárselas sin algo Sofá Mancha Iluminar Do usually means to perform an activity or job. apartment is used. you do not need to use a preposition: What time did you go home? NOT What time did you go to home? . cerco Tareas de rutina Roble Prometido Recalcar You should put your own house in order I was away from my family Make yourself at home Upstairs Bedrooms Ensuite bathrooms Shower room Central heating Air-conditioning Steamy Garage Villa Cottage Terraced houses Apartment block Detached house Bungalow Fence Gate Perfectly manicured Legendary yield Homesick Arriba Habitaciones Cuartos de baño Baño con ducha Calefacción central Aire acondicionado Vaporoso. In the US.18. Make usually means to create or produce sth. So around the house we talk about making a cake or booksherlves. empañado Garaje Villa Cabaña Adosados Bloque de apartamentos Chalet Bungalow Valla Puerta Perfectamente cuidados Legendario rendimiento Nostalgia Deberías poner tu casa en orden Estaba lejos de mi familia Siéntete como en casa In Britain. NB Making a bed is an exception.2.1. When you use verbs of movement like go or come with home. 18.

2. dañar Apagar Terminar Transmitir Retener Globalmente Energía de las mareas To pollute Landfill Flooding Acid rain Sustainable Scientists Harsher world Drought Storm Contaminar Vertedero Inundación Lluvia ácida Sostenible Científicos Un mundo más duro Sequía Tormenta Flood Extreme Environmentally friendly Furnace Icebox Wasteful Solar panels Cheap to run Electrical equipment Avoid wasting power Public transport Build up Get on Grow up Break through Cause Invent Universally Atmospherically Solar power Wind power Inundación Extremo Ambientalmente amable Horno Nevera Antieconómico Paneles solares Barato de poner en marcha Equipo eléctrico Evitar perder energía Transporte público Construir. Science Work as part of a team Enter data into a computer Make an exciting discovery Make observations Test a theory Analyse statistics Attend a conference Carry out an experiment Work outside Physicist Físico Biologist Biólogo Ecologist Ecologista Chemist Quimico Mathematician Matemático Geologist Geólogo Trabajar como parte de un equipo Ingrese los datos en una computadora Hacer un descubrimiento emocionante Hacer observaciones Poner a prueba una teoría Analizar estadísticas Asistir a una conferencia Llevar a cabo un experimento Trabajar fuera Chemistry Química Develop Desarrollar Interested in Interesado en Keen on Interesado en Green issues Cuestiones ecológicas Astronomer Astrónomo Scientist do an experiment. a test or research.1. urbanizar Subir a. The environment Global warming Traffic Fumes Emissions Factories Pesticides Crops Heavy rain Rising water levels Households Waste Environmentally sustainable Wind turbines Oil-fired boiler Electricity Expensive to maintain Efficient Recycle Rubbish Air conditioning Injures Hurts Wounds Harms Turn out End up Put across Keep back Globally Tidal power Calentamiento global Tráfico Humos Emisiones Fábricas Pesticidas Cultivos Fuertes lluvias Aumento de los niveles del agua Hogares Residuos Ambientalmente sostenible Turbinas de viento Caldera de gasoil Electricidad Caro de mantener Eficiente Reciclar Basura Aire acondicionado Daños Daños Heridas Daño. but they make a discovery 19. ponerse Crecer Atravesar Causar Inventar Universalmente Atmosféricamente Energía solar Energía eólica .19.

g. or to consider them: I was thinking about my sister. but robs someone or a place e. Opinions Traditional Tradicional To agree Estar de acuerdo Radical Radical To disagree Estar en desacuerdo Effective Efectivo New Nuevo In favour of A favor de Revolutionary Revolucionario Ènthusiastic Entusiasta Keen Entusiasta. aficionado To support the idea Apoyar la idea Get results Obtener resultados To approve Aprobar Important Importante To support Apoyar Conservative Conservador Innovate Innovar Be in favour of Estar a favor de… Significant Significativo To support the idea of Apoyar la idea de… To be totally against Estar totalmente We’re thinking of Estábamos pensando en the idea of… contra la idea de… going… ir a… What do you think Que piensas sobre el about the concert? concierto? To think long and hard Pensar largo y tendido You have to think for yourself Tienes que pensar por ti mismo You aren’t thinking straight No estás pensando con claridad If you think back to this time… Si piensas en este tiempo… To think aloud Pensar en voz alta You think on your feet Piensas sin premeditación To think about sth/someone means to have thoughts in your mind about a person or thing.2. a wealthy person or a bank. bancos) Thief Detectives stories Arsonist Crime novel Shoplifting Vandalism Kidnapping Speeding Detective Solicitor Arson Fine. caco) Historias de detectives Pirómano Novela de crimen Robo en tiendas Vandalismo Secuestro Exceso de velocidad Detective Abogado Incendio provocado Multa Remember that the verbs steal and rob are used differently.1. A person steals sth e.20. We use what do you think of/about…? As a way of asking someone’s opinion: What do you think about the film? . a car or some money. The verb steal is often used in the passive: My bike was stolen yesterday CRIME Burglary Robbery Theft Shoplifting Murder CRIMINAL Burglar Robber Thief Shoplifter Murderer VERB To burgle To rob To steal To shoplift To murder 20. Crime Burglar Mysterious To escape To investigate Criminal Murder Evidence Proof Fact Clue Judge Barrister Robber Ladrón (de una casa cuando no hay nadie) Misterioso Escapar Investigar Criminal Asesino Evidencia Prueba Hecho Pista Juez Abogado Ladrón (violento. penalty Ladrón (sin violencia y sin que lo vean. I thought carefully about what I was going to say at the meeting.g.

arreglárselas Aprobar. decidir algo Get someone down Get sth across Get away with sth Get around to Deprimir Hacer entender Escaquearse de un castigo Hacer algo que has tenido intención de hacer durante mucho tiempo To go Go down with Go in for Go off Go at To get Get around Get by Get through Get away from Get over Get out of Apendix 2. Word building Verbs to nouns - sion tion Expand  expansion Protect  protection - ation/ ution ion Solve  solution Conclude  conclusion - ness iness ance Kind  kindness Adjectives to nouns - ity ety ence Major  majority Anxious  anxiety Confident  confidence Important  importance . visitar Bajar. buscar Come on! Come up against Come off Come round Come back Vamos! Tropezar con Dejar de tomar algo Volver en sí. visitar Volver Enfermar Presentarse a Marcharse. caber Apoyar una idea Arreglárselas sin Viajar a varios sitios Pasar.Phrasal verbs To come Come across Come out Come by Come down Come after Encontrarse con Quitarse. Apendix 1. superar Cambiar de tema Superar Salir. aterrizar Perseguir.Think of doing means thinking about the possibility of doing sth: I’m thinking of taking up karate. mostrarse Conseguir. estropearse Atacar Go on Go with Go without Entrar. caer.