Maros Buday

This paper focuses on the postmodernist conceits embodied in Stephen King’s
postmodern epic called “The Dark Tower” series. In his septimology, King
examines the very foundation of literary fiction as well as criticism by combining
metafiction, intertextuality and contemporary scientific multiple-worlds theory
into a postmodernist chaos of information. King essentially presents a universal
model which is composed of purely symbolic composites that encompass the four
basic pillars of creating a written text, i.e. the author, extralinguistic reality,
fictional universe, and language as a medium of written discourse. Furthermore,
by dividing intertextuality into its intrinsic and extrinsic form, in combination with
the multiple-worlds theory, King renders literary criticism itself mute. He does so
via the element of collapsing fictional universes, i.e. an act he positions in parallel
with the flattening of the worlds of high and low culture, thus creating a vision of
culture which functions on the principles of equality.
Key words:
Stephen King, The Dark Tower series, Metafiction, Intrinsic intertextuality,
Extrinsic intertextuality, Multiple-worlds theory
About the author:
Mgr. Maroš Buday is a PhD. candidate at the University of Prešov, Institute of
British and American studies, Slovakia. He graduated the program entitled
Teacher Training in English Language and Literature and Philosophy at the same
university . His current field of research situates around postmodernist literature
as well as the relation between cosmology and literature. He is currently writing
his dissertation thesis entitled “The Concept of Multiverse and Postmodernist
Literature”

History and Fiction: Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o’s Vision
Simona Hevesiova, PhD.
Dept. of English and American Studies
Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra
Slovakia
shevesiova@ukf.sk
Since postcolonial writinghas always been rooted in the historical process of
colonization, the narratives, especially in the early stages of postcolonial literature, borean
imprint of the historical development in the colonies. With local writers often addressing the
pressing historical and political issues of that time and authorsbeing seen as “beacons,
soothsayers, and seers of political movements” (Boehmer), literature became implicated in the
1

The paper seeks to examine the relation between history and fiction as presented inNgũgĩ wa Thiong'o’s early writing.pl TONI MORRISON’S BELOVED: INFANTICIDE AND MOTHERLY LOVE REDEFINED Abstract: Love has always been a feeling people throughout the world have desired. This research focuses on the coverage of Britain’s social classes between 2007 and 2013 and looks comparatively at two broadsheet newspapers. a person deprived of love is likely to abandon hope of happiness and become miserable. who is known for his zealous political activism. The paper challenges the concept of fiction as representation of historybut also ruminates upon the role of Thiong'o’s writingwithinthe context of Kenyan historiography. The novel acquaints the readers with a new definition of love that was coined by lashes and distress in an environment where emotions caused only suffering. The Guardian and The Times. My ongoing research shows the ambivalence of the 2 . employing methodology inspired by Baker (2004. The article addresses the issues of the differences between corpus-based v. corpus-driven approach. it is the reason for one’s contentment and well-being. sees literature not only as a medium which reflects social reality but rather as a creative process that is conditioned by historical social forces and pressures.turmoil of public happenings. in order to elucidate both the ideological and metaphorical representation of social classes in the editorials and opinion columns of these two quality British newspapers. If the need to be loved is fulfilled. Beloved forces the reader to reconsider the essence of love and ponder on the deed performed by a loving mother in order to save her child from the cruelties of slavery. slavery. The novel was inspired by the life of Margaret Garner – a slave and a desperate mother who killed her daughter to protect her from the ordeal of slavery. Toni Morrison’s Beloved describes one of its variations. motherhood. privilege and (in)equality in British quality dailies. Key words: love. Thiong'o. 2006) and a combination of corpus-based and CDA approaches. On the other hand. mobility. memory Ján Haláček PhD candidate at University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik in Košice and Université Paris Diderot Paris 7 Abstract: The aim of my paper is to investigate the media coverage afforded to the notions of social class. Nevertheless. Michał MOLIŃSKI Uniwersytet Opolski michalmolinski@wp. The seemingly inhuman action was in fact an act of motherly instincts which were altered by the years of enslavement. infanticide. Human beings have an intuitive idea of love. it would be very difficult to create a coherent definition of the term that would reflect the multitude of its forms. as well as their Sunday editions. aspiration.

I am going to show from corpus evidence that the borders between the various conceptions of class have blurred so much that neither sets of papers endorse a specific conception of class. disseminated among aristocracy under Regency and George IV to the picture of a self-disciplined. which depicts the process of moral redemption of four male characters: Lord Lowborough. Samuel Smiles (1889:45) aptly encapsulates the essence of Victorian ideals of masculinity by stating that “Home makes the man. In Character. the novel constitutes an illustrative example of the shift from the image of a dissolute. Whatever stood for class (or class war) has now shifted to debates about the end of social mobility and the reinstallment of grammar schools. According toLisa Surridge (2005:73). Marlena Marciniak Opole University TAMING OF THE RAKE: FROM A MAN ABOUT TOWN TO A MAN AT HOME IN THE TENANT OF WILDFELL HALL. Ralph Hattersley.” Anne Brontëseems to advocate a similar idea of domestic-oriented masculinity in her novel The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848). self-indulgent man. 3 . The Tenant of Wildfell Hall demonstrates that the fight against home violence and spousal maltreatment commenced in the Victorian period should begin with reorientation of thinking about manliness and gender relations. Gilbert Markham and young Arthur Huntingdon. as human mentality tends to be more resistant to changes than the legal system. Thus the motif of internal metamorphosis of men who learn to respect female guidance.notion of class. appreciate family bliss and pursue self-restraint becomes one of the dominant themes of the text. revealing there are between five and six meanings of the concept of class and how the post-industrial situation has made the concept even fuzzier. one of his most influential books. prudent Victorian middle-class man.

It was only the avant garde theatre of the 1960s and 1970s. Moreover.pl Uniwersytet Rzeszowski A POET IN SEARCH OF A DRAMATIC IMAGE: W. Yet he should rank as one of the few theatre managers of our century whose management has had the slightest cultural value. Yeats’s theories on the modern theatrical experiment by Richard Schechner. the author presents the clash of western and eastern cultures. MałgorzataWarchał UniwersytetRzeszowski THE ROLE OF BUDDHIST PHILOSOPHY IN ALDOUS HUXLEY’S ISLAND Abstract: Aldous Huxley’s last novel.Agnieszka KALLAUS akallaus@univ. Yeats’s activity as a theatre reformer has long been undervalued by the critics whose opinions had a crucial impact on the theatre artists.rzeszow. Yeats’s work as a director and manager of the Abbey Theatre. that enabled modern directors to see the potential for stage production in Yeats’s plays. notes that W. a secluded island on the Pacific Ocean. educational and agricultural systems and serve as the main source of moral values for its inhabitants. Peter Brook. materialism and militarism. Yeats. peaceful society of Pala. The purpose of the argument is to reassess the value of Yeats’s work as a dramatist and theatre reformer in view of the above-mentioned modern experiment. and as a result. The subject of this paper is W. was so great a poet that his contributions to the theatre tend to be overlooked. as well as the legacy of his theories on theatre.B. the poet’s dramatic works have long been ignored as lacking theatrical qualities. Therefore. presents a utopian. Selected principles of Mahayana Buddhism constitute the cornerstone of Pala’s political. with its concepts of ritual drama and innovative actor training methods. the novel constitutes a reflection upon the 4 .B. unmasks the destructiveness of western greed. YEATS’S THEATRE IN VIEW OF THE MODERN EXPERIMENT Abstract: An authority on drama and theatre. Eric Bentley (2008:325). This paper aims at showing the influence of W. Island.B.B. Robert Wilson and Jerzy Grotowski. By introducing characters who represent both Pala’s and western mentality. 1865-1939.

often employ the grotesque in their radical critique of patriarchy aimed at the deconstruction of gender stereotypes. Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection. . Kristeva. 2012. The following paper aims to confront the views and attitudes of characters who represent the East and the West as well as to trace Buddhist motifs in Huxley’s novel in order to examine their role both in all aspects of Pala’s cultureand in the philosophical message of Island. female. London: Continuum. . who represents a quieter voice in British literature and whose work cannot be so readily associated with feminist politics. Rabelais and His World. Bakhtin. -------------------.spiritual and intellectual benefits of Buddhism. Šnircová. 2 (2010). or Fay Weldon. Roudiez. References: Allen. Marginality in the Contemporary British Novel. utopia The Grotesque in Jane Gardam’s God on the Rocks. Mahayana Buddhism. 5 . feminist authors. 2008. Print. to claim that the experience with the grotesque plays a crucial role in the construction of the child protagonist’s feminine identity. New York: Columbia UP. who use carnival-grotesque texts to explore ‘the symbolic process of the power relationship between the margin and the centre’ (Allen 2008. no. In this paper I focus on the appropriation of the grotesque by Jane Gardam. Košice : Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice. Jeanette Winterson. Key words: Aldous Huxley. 153). Hélène Iswolsky. 1982. ‘The Female Grotesque in Works by Fay Weldon. Island. God on the Rocks (1978). Jeanette Winterson and Angela Carter. Drawing on Mikhail Bakhtin’s theory of the carnivalesque (Bakhtin 1984) and Julia Kristeva’s theory of the abject (Kristeva 1982). Julia. as it presents the peaceful coexistence of the inhabitants of Pala. postcolonial. like Angela Carter.Vol. s. Bloomington: Indiana University P. Print. knowledge and spiritual enlightenment. Trans. Soňa Šnircová Pavol Jozef Šafárik University Abstract The growing importance of the grotesque in contemporary British fiction has been associated with the rising voices of the marginalized subjects. Soňa. the paper examines one of Jane Gardam’s coming-of-age narratives. 2010). 2. Buddhism. pursuit of self-improvement.ISSN 1803-8174. Trans. 61-71. Feminist Aspects of Angela Carter's Grotesque. Mikhail. Leon S. Nicola. As I have discussed elsewhere (Šnircová 2012.’ In: Ostrava Journal of English Philology. working-class. 1984.

as many tended to claim. its origins and the philosophy behind it in order to show that games such as Dishonored are in fact far from steampunk. Instead the game depicts a dark fantasy world where technology is fueled by ’whale oil’. which is absent in Dishonored. A FLAW OR AN ASSET OF AUGUSTAN LITERATURE? Abstract The canons of taste in 18th century English literature are foremost associated with careful metrics. Katarzyna STRZYŻOWSKA NKJO Rzeszów katarzynastrzyzowska@gmail. but rather contributed to it.Łukasz Wilk Catholic University of Lublin. Any attempts to deviate from the set standards.com or wilkl. publishers. despite certain similarities in portrayal of their respective game worlds. Many reviewers point out obvious Victorian stylistics. or perhaps its prolific output. The aim of this article is to delineate the defining features of steampunk as a genre. It was mainly Grub Street literary productions. London. did not degrade the Augustan literature. often with innovative techniques. Grub Street. The paper is to examine the real value of the Grub Street writing and answer the question whether its literary activity was of no value.com GRUB STREET LITERARY ACTIVITY IN 18TH CENTURY LONDON.com Dishonored and steampunk: On the misuse of genre labels While designing the universe of their 2012’s game. which makes it closer to dieselpunk and teslapunk. Poland drdemagol@gmail.kul@gmail. by Alexander Pope. Clarity. such as influences drawn from the Victorian era and the Industrial Revolution. impeccable style and tone. despite their efforts to create a unique fantasy world with retrofuturistic stylings. Arkane Studios sought to escape the cliches of the steampunk genre. literature. coherence and gentlemanliness among others. commerce 6 . as more accurately framed in. An Essay on Criticism. Key words: 18th century. the online media still categorized Dishonored as an example of a steampunk work. Yet. The main defining feature of the steampunk genre is steam-based technology. were immediately discredited by the literary elite and labelled as bad writing. Its pejorative associations obscured its meaning and impact on the transformation of the literary environment of early 18 th century England. hack writing. allowed such literature to express truth. but erroneously consider it steampunk’s defining quality which results in mislabelling certain works while ignoring the fact that they lack one crucial component – steam. Augustan aesthetics. Dishonored. which symbolically came to represent the growing opposition to polite and ordered literature.

Chrobrego 31 Poland GOTHIC SPACE IN THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GRAY BY OSCAR WILDE 7 . the unacknowledged English figure. Karim. As a result. strives to become accustomed to the life of an alien which inseparably is connected with the processes of assimilation and acculturation. particularly the language he speaks.Izabela Bierowiec Year I of PhD Studies in Literature at the University of Rzeszów An English outsider in England – the struggles of a second-generation assimilationist presented in Hanif Kureishis’s novel The Buddha of Suburbia. however experienced backwards. First published in 1990. The aim of this paper is to conduct a detailed analysis of the mentioned process of accommodation observed in the personage of Karim Amir. dr Agata Buda Faculty of Philology and Pedagogy Kazimierz PulaskiUniversity of Technology and Humanities Radom ul. Consequently. the young man is confronted with numerous stereotypical expectations concerning his seemingly Indian heritage and cultural identity. the protagonist of Kureishi’s debut novel who undergoes a reverse process of assimilation. customs. Despite being of half-Indian descent as well as acquiring an outside appearance and conduct typical for a 1970s British youth. Kamir is constantly denied the status of an English citizen. lifestyle or even believes. Although Amir thinks of himself as belonging to the London suburban youth. he is expected to behave in the same way as all Indian immigrants who compromise the segment of the Black population in the UK. Kureishi’s The Buddha of Suburbia presents the processes of acculturation as well as assimilation from a slightly different perspective that may be found in similar British Asian novels.

The analysis is based on such television comedy shows as According to Jim (2001-2009) and Modern Family (2009-). American family Barbara NIEDZIELA Uniwersytet Rzeszowski Ordinary men. the figure of Dorian Gray becomes a metaphoricalrepresentation of Gothic. His novels frequently portrayed observant Jewish communities and families in a loving and respectful way. rabbi. rabbis. 8 . The strength of his writing is in his ability to dramatize universal question of faith. In otherwords.The articlecovers the idea of time and space in the context of varioustypes of time-space relations according to MikhailBakhtin. Also. It refersmainly to the pictureitself. Orthodox Judaism. commitment and identity among. internet comments posted as responses to the portrayal of the characters are analyzed as part of the discussion of gender-role attitudes. It ispresented on variouslevels and itcan be easilycategorized as a Gothicchronotope. V. Within the Gothicspace one maydistinguishseveralmotifs. The primary object of investigation is to indicate the extent to which television contributes to the perpetuation or subversion of gender stereotypes in malefemale relationships. in particular social learning theory with its reliance on modeling and reinforcement as two ways of learning. both of which are centered around family life. Boston: Pearson. opening a window onto the insular Jewish American world. Ania Dziama Jewish Religious Identity in Chaim Potok's novels Chaim Potok was a scholar. It is particularly concerned with the view that there seems to be a relation between watching television and holding stereotypical beliefs about gender roles (Helgeson. undergoing the process of narrowing. The article aims to discuss religious conflicts in Potok’s ‘The Chosen’.Gothicconstitutes one of the most crucialspaces in the novel by Oscar Wilde. as well as Little Britain series (2003-2006). 2012. Zionism. Americans of Jewish roots. Abstract: The paper examines the portrayal of gender-typed behaviours in television. Gothicspacebecomes in the novel a microcosm of humanmisery. also in the context of gender-role development. 2012:161)1. as well as to the Dorian’shouse and hischaracter. mostly. The Psychology of Gender. the places the hero visitsreflecthismentalstate. The theoretical framework employs feminist perspectives and terms associated with developmental psychology. ordinary women? The representation of gender in television. Key words: Hasidism. ‘The Promise’ and ‘In the Beginnings’. amongwhich a motif of lightis the most frequent and influential. 1 Helgeson. and a novelist who wrote about the conflict between Judaism and the secular world and the discord within Judaism.

hu WILLIAMITE PROPAGANDA IN THE ANGLO-DUTCH REVOLUTION Abstract: The primary aim of this essay is to reveal the actual character of the events of 1688-89 in England. Stadholder of the United Provinces. and therefore should be treated with respect.unideb. Levertov warns people against nuclear proliferation and writes poems to wake her readers up to the ecological crisis. I wish to argue that without the military intervention of William of Orange. the Revolution would not have taken place. which serves as her most distinctive inspiration. nature György BORUS University of Debrecen borus. The poet derives from mysticism of both major religions to emphasize the fact that natural environment is an image of God’s love towards humankind. which – for over three hundred years – have been known as the ‘Glorious Revolution’. The main thesis of my article is that the source of poet’s sensitivity to environment is derived from both Christian and Hasidic heritage.gyorgy@arts. Key words: Levertov. mysticism. thus it would be more appropriate to refer to these events as the ‘Anglo-Dutch Revolution’. This article focuses on an insight of Hasidic and Christian traditions of perceiving nature in the poetry of Denise Levertov. Williamite propaganda – which the paper describes in details – played a 9 .Estera Gancarz-Jurek The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin “The influence of Hasidic and Christian mysticism on the perception of nature in the poetry of Denise Levertov”. Her metaphoric language is often supported by the representation of physical world. poetry.

whether for racial. Bernard Malamud.e. There is special emphasis in the essay on the analysis of the most important instrument of William of Orange’s propaganda.and in the exploration of the way Malamud shapes his characters with regard to this issue. This paper strives to provide some insight into the portrayal of the relations between these two groups in Bernard Malamud’s The Tenants. the Declaration of Reasons (issued on 30 September 1688). particularly in works written by members of the aforementioned ethnic groups. Black-Jewish relations have been particularly troubled and complex throughout the course of the American history. one of the most important novels dealing with the topic of Black-Jewish relations. which dominated historiography for almost three hundred years. i. economic or religious reasons.a problem stressed for African Americans and Jewish Americans by the fact that both their identities have been partly constructed around their view of the other group . 10 . White Anglo-Saxon Protestant society of the United States. political propaganda. The Tenants. Petra Filipová University: University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik in Košice. Keywords: American ethnic literature. Key words: English history. which justified the invasion and explained the Prince’s intentions. seventeenth century. The difficult relationship has been mirrored in literature as well. WOMEN AND NATIONAL NARRATIVES: A READING OF CULTURAL TEXTS FROM THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY ASSAM Manab Medhi Assistant Professor. Double consciousness. Black-Jewish relations. While the same could be said of all minorities inthis country. revolution Mgr. Anglo-Dutch relations. as well as in the shaping of the interpretation (the so-called Whig interpretation) of the events after 1689. laced with subtext of mutual disapproval of the other. Slovakia Department: British and American Studies Proposed article: Exploring double consciousness: the portrayal of Black-Jewish relations in Bernard Malamud’s The Tenants African Americans and Jewish Americans both have direct experience with having been (and possibly being) marginalized by the dominant.crucial part in the success of the Revolution. The main focus of the paper lies in the concept of double consciousness .

there were many other educationists. Bodoland University. These reformative movements were basically fuelled by the Western thoughts and values. This Western modernity was often contested by the groups of orthodox scholars who always kept a suspicious eye on the ongoing transformations. The waves of transformation came from West Bengal. There were well acclaimed and prolific writers like Ratneswar Mahanta. However. sought to be reconstructed by various groups of thinkers in accordance with their own agendas and ideals on socio-political and cultural lives of women. socio-political and economic life of the people. Punyakanta Sharma. Lambodar Bora who failed to come out of the clutch of the age old traditional and customary beliefs regarding the role. writers and social reformers 11 . responsibility and space of women in society. Contrary to these thinkers. the students and educated men learned in Western education and ideals being the pioneers. later on. They engaged themselves in various reformation movements against the age old caste system. India WOMEN AND NATIONAL NARRATIVES: A READING OF CULTURAL TEXTS FROM THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURY ASSAM Abstract: The decades around the beginning of the twentieth century witnessed certain significant changes in Assam in the field of education. Kokrajhar. literacy. the opposing forces of modernity at one side and nationalism connected with the strict adherence to tradition on the other side came to a meeting point in the culturally reconstructed image of women with specific roles and responsibilities significant to the socio-political contexts in that period. whose traditionally designated space and role in the society was confined to the households and the family only. superstitions. Women. encouraged participation of people in these movements in Assam too. of English. where a bunch of young people from Assam established themselves in the vast field of academic and socio-political activities. gender based social and educational norms and taboos and.Dept. A highly debated topic among the social thinkers during that period was the role and responsibility of women under the backdrop of the ongoing socio-cultural transformations. Assam.

like Gunabhiram Baruah. education and recast them into the nationalistic discourse. Women. Key words: Nationalism. Tradition. Anandaram Dhekial Phukan. Lakshminath Bezbaroa realised the importance of women’s education and empowerment and advocated for women’s education. Modernity. Debajyoti Biswas. Many literary and other cultural texts exhibit a vast range of such narratives where traditional images and constructs of women have been revived and reconstructed to fit into the newer socio-political environment. Rustam Brahma – ich artykuły są w korekcie po recenzji 12 . This paper analyses some of the narratives of nationalism in connection with women that serve as a meeting point between tradition and modernity in the early twentieth century Assam. Early twentieth century Assam. There have been various traditionally imposed and accepted roles of women with which the modernists intertwined ideas of independence of women.