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Volume 2. Number5

25th

United

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Mathematical

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America

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Part I (9am-noon,May 2, 1996)
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real numbers,let a(S) denotethe sum of
the elementsof S. Given a set A of n .:fJtfrlj:\$'r.~~:PJ~tt'g-flM¥[fij":m:
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positive integers, considerthe collection ~tt'g'l1.W~~
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of all distinct sumsa(S) as S rangesover
the nonempty subsetsof A. Prove tbat
this collection of sumscan bepartitioned
into n classesso that in eachclass, the
ratio of the largest sum to the smallest
c
sumdoesnot exceed2.
B
Problem 3. Let ABC be a ttiangle.
Prove that there is a line 1 (in the plane
of triangle ABq
such that the
intersection of the interior
of
triangle ABC and the interior of its
reflectionA' B' C' in I h~ areamore than
2/3 the area of triangle ABC.

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(continuedonpage 2)