fbWong Yoong Xiang 14312 Introduction to Oil and Gas and Sustainable

1. How many liters are contained in one BARREL of crude oil? 159L
2. Heated organic matter in a source rock produces? Kerogen
3. Most oil is produced between temperatures of 60 and 120 degrees at a depth
range is known as? Oil Window
4. The largest reserves of oil in the world are found in? The Middle East
5. Oil migrates from a mature source rock? Vertically, Along faults, Laterally
6. Where was the first oil well drilled? Pennysylvania, USA
7. The commercial breakdown of properties for crude oil is called? Crude Assay
8. Which of the process is NOT part of refining? Reforming, Cracking, Polishing,
9. What are the 3 elements of BL (Triple Bottom Line)? Environment,
Economy, Social
10.Jack-up rigs are used in drilling where water depth is less than? 100meter
11.Drill bit is a? Cutting tool
12.Drill ship type drilling rigs are used to drill wells in the maximum water
depths up to? 7000ft
13.Removing drilling cuttings from the bore hole is a part of the functions of?
Circulation system
14.Rotary system is used to? Rotate the drill string and bit
15.X-mas tree is installed at the __ of the well head? Top
16.__ is preferred over electric motor to reduce electric power requirement?
Combustion engine driver
17.A __ is an equipment device that applies mechanical energy to liquid? Pump
18.__ engines uses gas as fuel? Gas
19.__ are used to drive pumps and compressors? Prime movers
20.Porosity is a measure of? Storage capacity of the reservoir rocks
21.A wild cat is? The first well drilled into a possible hydrocarbon bearing
22.Deterministic calculation of hydrocarbon volume is place assumes? Porosity
is constant everywhere in the formation
23.Perforation is a completion phase during which? Flow paths from reservoir
to the wellbore are created
EOR is defined as “any method that increases oil production by using
techniques or materials that are not part of normal pressure maintenance or
water flooding operations” by? EOR Experts
25.Which one of the following techniques is NOT one of the Thermal Methods?
SAGD, Huff & Puff, FAWAG
26.WAG is the abbreviation of? Water Alternating Gas
27.Tankers equipped with pressurized, refrigerated and insulated tanks are used
to transport? Liquefied natural gas
Oil pipelines are made from __ tubes with inner diameter typically from
10 to 120cm? Steel or Plastic

They must be? Discovered through one or more exploratory wells.OPEC refused to ship oil to western countries that had supported Israel in the __ .Elasticity refers to how supply and demand respond to various factors. conversion and? Treatment 37.What is the main feedstock for petrochemical production? Ethylene 40.An example of the use of polyvinylchloride (PVC) is? Chair 42.Booster pumps are located along the oil-pipeline to maintain the pressure and keep the oil flowing usually flows at speed of about? 1 to 6 m/s 30.29.The set information about crude oil quality is called? An assay 39.The following is NOT a petroleum refining process? Distillation. India 1984 45.The Peak Curve theory is named after American geophysicist __ who created a method of modeling the production curve given an assumed ultimate recovery volume? M. 35.The 3 basic steps in refining are separation.Some economists predict that a __ will spur demand for alternate energy sources. Product Blending. which they fought against Egypt and Syria in the 1973 energy crisis? Yum Kippur War 49.Pipelines are very often inspected and cleaned using? Pipeline inspection gauge (PIG) 31.What is the main objective of petroleum refining? To maximize production of transport fuels 34. Catalytic Cracking. commercially viable.Acrylonitrite-Butadiene-Styrene (ABS) is a petrochemical product for synthetic? Rubber 41. what constitutes paraffin? Straight chain single bond hydrocarbon 38.One of the PETRONAS’s triple bottom-line of corporate stability is? Shareholder value 47.One of the following initiatives is not the effort of petroleum industry in protecting the environment? Exploration and production 46.Ozone layer depletion can cause? Increase in skin cancer 44.What properties plays a major role in separating products from crude oil? Boiling point 36.Combustion of fossil fuel is the main factor of? Acid Rain 43. King Hubbert 48.Describe petroleum refining? It is a process of separating different products from the crude oil 33. remaining in the ground 51. recoverable using existing technology. such as coal or liquefied natural gas temporary since both are finite sources as well? Substitution effect . Reserves must satisfy four criteria.Which one of the following air pollution tragedies is related to oil and gas industry? Bhopal. The elasticity for oil market is __? Inelastics 50.In crude oil.Reserves are those quantities of petroleum claimed to be commercially recoverable of application of development projects to known accumulations under defined conditions.A tanker with a single outer shell between the product and the ocean is said to be? Single Hull 32. Sulphur Reforming.

reservoir rock.Oil tankers generally have from __ tanks. This organic matter comes from? The accumulation and decomposition of marine plankton at the bottom of deep oceans. When the gas is liquefied . Each tank is split into two or three independent compartments by fore-and-aft bulkhead? 8 to 12 71. and water. by negotiating directly with the government authorities of a country. published in official documents correspond to? The volume of oil and gas that remains in the subsurface at the time of publication 56. the gas is liquefied to reduce its volume.Which of the following is not needed to produce an economic accumulation of oil and gas? Rock deposited in marine condition.Who controls the oil price? The oil producing countries. 54. . the large international oil companies.52. it shrinks to __ of its gaseous volume? 1/600 67.The largest casing run inside a well is? Conductor casing 64. more than a thousand meters below ground level 55.BOP (Blow out preventers) are used to control? Pressure 65. The share of oil futures contracts by speculators at the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX).In order to transport natural gas in areas not served by pipelines. the government.Gathering or trunk line are the group of smaller interconnected pipelines forming complex networks with the purpose of bringing crude oil or natural gas from several nearby __ to a treatment plant or processing facility? Well 68.The figures for oil and gas reserves of a country.On what physical properties of rocks is seismic method based? Density and elastic module 61. Excessive and uncontrolled speculation.Oil pipelines are made from steel or plastic tubes with inner diameter typically from __ to __? 10 to 120 cm 69.The source rock that generate oil and gas are rich in organic matter. continued instability and heightened security concerns in major oil and gas producing countries. gas. __ for gas pipelines are located along the line to move the product through the pipeline? Compressors 70.Which of the following will NOT influence oil prices in term of financial economics/markets? Percipitous decline in the US dollar. the water is always? Below the oil 60.The most common type of oil trap is? Anticline 59. none of the above 53.Oil and gas are stored in the subsurface. source rock. trap 58.What is the final product of the exploration stage? Prospect map 62.In a trap containing oil. by acquiring other companies who already have exploration licenses 57.A __ is used to separate well fluid into different phases (oil.Crown block and travelling block are consisted in? Hoisting system 66. How do International Oil Companies obtain an exploration license? By bidding in an open licensing round. mainly in? Small pores within rocks such as the spaces between sand grains. water and gas)? Separator 63.

Well data.72. Water injection.What is the full name of OPEC? Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries 92. Technical Service Agreement 88. Formation water injection. Approximately how much would it cost to drill a well onshore to a depth of 3500m? US$10.__ include FPSO.The deepening financial meltdown weighs down heavily on the economy. Saudi Arabia .Which type of energy will be most useful for transportation in 2030? Fossil fuel 94.__ is used for the purpose of measuring volumes of gas and oil? Metering device 77. Failing commodity prices. Geological data 90. Declining export.__ is an important attribute of a flow meter? Accuracy 80.Which of the following are the key concerns that will give pressure to Malaysia as the economy continues to brace external challenges? Rising inflation. FSO and FPS? Floating facilities 79. What risks are taken into consideration in determining the possibilities of success? Reservoir Presence Risks (Risk of finding no reservoir in prospect area) 91.What is the largest oil field in the world? Ghawar Field.Which type of exploration license contract requires the foreign company (contractor) to take all the risks and pay for all exploration costs during the exploration phase? Joint Venture Agreement.Which of these countries is a member of OPEC? Saudi Arabia 93.5 million 89. What types of data are necessary to evaluate the exploration potential of an area? Seismic data.__ is needed to be done after a casing string is run into well bore for the purpose of keeping the hole from collapsing? Cementing process 75. business and the? Consumer at large 74. Which of the following is NOT one of those variables? Permeability 86. Hydraulic fracturing is a well production optimization technique during which? A fracture is created in the formation which has limited production due to low permeability 85.Which one of the following techniques is NOT considered as a secondary recovery process? Gas cap drive. CO2 is one of the tietary recovery techniques which is also used to? Mitigate excess atmosphere CO2 83. 82.What unit of volume is commonly used for natural gas? Cubic foot 95. plunging consumer confidence 73. Production Sharing Agreement.__ are used to clean and increase the pipe line efficiency? Cleaning pigs 78.Remove drilling cuttings from the bore hole is a part of the functions of? Circulation system 87.SAGD is the abbreviation of? Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage 84.Shale shaker removes? Large drill cuttings 76. declining industrial production.During EOR processes one or two variables of Darcy Equation is manipulated. API Code 27 define permeability as? A measure of the capacity of the porous medium to transit fluids 81.

Of what physical properties of rock is it based? Density and sound wave velocity . The most common type of oil trap associated with limestone is? Reef 104. What would be an average temperature interval for the “oil window”? 60 C to 120 C 97. The main application of Gravity and Magnetics in oil and gas exploration is? To detect metal and mineral deposits 99.How do geophysicists indicate the correct geographic position of geophones? Maps 98. Seismic reflection is the main geophysical tool used to see different layers in the subsurface. Which area of the world has the highest oil and gas reserves and production? Middle East 101.Which of the energy resources are finite resources? Fossil fuels 100. Source rock.96. What is the most important factor controlling oil price? Supply and Demand 102. Reservoir rock 103. Which of the following is needed to produce an economic accumulation of oil and gas? Trap.