What is the difference between simple majority and special

majority? ?

1. Simple majority- more than 50% of members present
and voting.Used generally in parliament to pass motions
and bills. e.g.- adjournement motion,cut motion.
2. Absolute majority- more than 50% of total strength of
house. It is combined with other majorities for
implementing a particular action.
3. Special majority- varies case to case. generally 2/3rd of
total strength or 2/3rd of present and voting. Special
majority has two conditions1. More than 50 % of total membership
2. More than 66% of present n voting
As, if rs has 300 members, for special majority, 200 is need if all
member voting, but if suppose 200 members r present, than
150(1/2 of 300) Will be required, not 134(2/3 of 200)

4.effective majority- 50% of strength.strength is
calculated by subtracting vacant seats from total
-removing president- special majority. 2/3rd of total
removing vice president,removing speaker of loksabhaeffective majority.
-declaring emergency,removing supreme court
judge,removing high court judge,constitutional
amendments - special majority(2/3rd of present and
voting) and absolute majority.

President signs ordinance to pave way for e-rickshaws on Delhi

President Pranab Mukherjee has signed an ordinance to amend the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 as
per Article 123 of Constitution. This ordinance will pave the way for plying of e-rickshaws on
roads of Delhi.
Earlier, in December 2014 Union Cabinet had approved promulgation of the ordinance as a bill
in this regard was not able to pass in the recently concluded winter session of Parliament due to
logjam in Upper House (Rajya Sabha).
Previously in July 2014, Delhi High Court had banned E-rickshaws or battery-operated threewheeler vehicles on safety concerns.

e. Earlier.  The amendment also clears the way for relaxed visa norms for minor children of OCI cardholders. Key amendments  Citizenship Act amendments will benefit PIO and will give them benefits like life-long visa and exemption from appearing before the local police station on every visit etc.  It will also change the clause of parent Act which says that foreigners who marry Indians must continuously stay in the country for a period of one year before they get an Indian citizenship. The ordinance has similar effect to an act of parliament. National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Bill gets President’s assent President Pranab Mukherjee has given his assent to National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Bill. It was passed by the Lok Sabha. Pravasi Bharatiya Divas 2015 held in Gujarat. However. providing life-long Indian visa facility to PIOs.Union government had brought Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill. . 1955. not in session if there is urgent need to have a law on some urgent public matter. If not placed and approved by both houses of the parliament after reassembling it becomes invalid. President signs ordinance amending Citizenship Act. union government had promulgated this ordinance in order to merge Person of Indian Origin (PIO) and Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) schemes. every ordinance must be laid and approved by both houses of the parliament within 6 weeks from the reassembling. 2014 to amend to parent Act in order to legalize E-rickshaws. Article 123 of Constitution: It gives legislative power to President. 1955 President Pranab Mukherjee has signed the ordinance that amend’s Citizenship Act. In this regards they will get relief of 30 days in a year when they can travel outside the country. He can issue ordinances when Parliament is in recess i. 2014 that seeks to scrap the collegium system of appointing judges to higher judiciary.e. It was signed on the eve of the opening of the three-days meet of Indian diaspora i. Thus.

000 unauthorised colonies in Delhi. which will appoint and transfer judges to the Supreme Courts and the 24 High Courts. and appointment and transfer Chief Justice and other Judges of High Courts (HC). The ordinance was approved in a Cabinet meet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi and will amend National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Second Act. 1955 & Arbitration and Conciliation Act.639 colonies plus another 300 colonies that have come up since March 2002.639 colonies eligible for regularization. 2014: It grants Constitutional status to the NJAC and its composition which will be headed by the Chief Justice of India. This bill was passed by Parliament in August 2014. This assent comes after 121st Constitutional Amendment Bill. 121st Constitutional Amendment Bill. Government gives nod for Ordinances to amend Citizenship Act.This bill lays down the procedure that must be followed by NJAC for appointment as Chief Justice of India (CJI) and other Judges of the Supreme Court (SC). It seeks to remove inadequacies in its functioning. 2014 was ratified by 16 state legislatures out of the 29. 2014. Thus. But this Cabinet nod for extending the cut-off date will pave way for regulising these 1. It seeks to extend the cut-off date for regularisation of illegal colonies from March 2002 to June 2014 in Delhi. . Background Earlier then UPA government had considered 895 of 1. Implication: It will provide relief to 60 lakh people who are residing in nearly 2. 1996  the amendment to the Arbitration and Conciliation Act are based on the 246th report of the Law Commission of India. President Assent paves the way for the setting up of NJAC. Union Cabinet gives nod to an Ordinance to regularise unauthorised colonies in Delhi The Union Cabinet has given its nod to an Ordinance regarding Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Amendment Bill. 2011 which aims to regularise illegally constructed colonies in Delhi.

 Brings 13 exempted Acts under it: It brings all those exempted 13 Acts of parent Act under the purview it for the purpose of compensation as well as rehabilitation and resettlement. Background . As per the previous provisions.national security and defence. Previously. 2013has approved a proposal to take the ordinance route to amend the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition. by choosing ordinance route to amend parent Act government is aiming to strike a balance between farmers’ welfare and the strategic and developmental needs of the country. It seeks to speed up developmental and security related projects without compromising on the benefits/compensation given to the farmers under parent Act. Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act. in 2013 then UPA government had first introduced Citizenship Amendment Bill. There was also demand from PIOs to amend the Act as they were facing often stringent visa norms that debarred them from buying property in India. affordable housing for the poor. Thus.Background These ordinances come in the wake of Prime Minister’s Madison Square Garden speech to Indian diaspora in September 2014 where he had mentioned that both PIO and OCI cards would be merged. development of industrial corridors and infrastructure and social infrastructure including PPPs in which ownership rests with the government. This Union Cabinet meeting was chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 2013. In this regard multi-crop irrigated land can also be acquired for these purposes. Key Amendments  Consent clause and Social Impact Assessment (SIA): This amendment ordinance relaxes the requirements of consent and SIA survey clause from parent Act for projects in five areas namely. PIO cardholders are eligible for 15-year visas in comparison to lifelong vi Union Cabinet approves ordinance to amend Land Acquisition Act. in comparison to those holding OCI card and visits to local police stations. rural infrastructure and electrification.

2013. Petroleum and Minerals Pipelines Act 1962. respectively. They were Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958. Earlier in Dember 2014. 2014. Under it there was need of consent from 70 per cent of the affected land owners in case of their lands being acquired for a public private partnership (PPP) project. 1948. participative. Land Acquisition Act 1885. In this regards DoPT has also made mandatory for them to disclose deposits in foreign banks . Coal Bearing Areas Acquisition and Development Act 1957. Electricity Act 2003 and Railways Act 1989. It had replaced Land Acquisition Act. Atomic Energy Act 1962. Previously. Indian Tramways Act 1886. Metro Railways (Construction of Works) Act 1978. 13 statutes Acts were exempted from this Act. consent from 80 per cent of the affected owners was required. 1894 and hiked the compensations by four times and twice the market value in rural areas and urban areas. DoPT had extended the date of declaring assets till April 2015 from 31 December 2014 as per the Public Servants (Furnishing of Information and Annual Return of . National Highways Act 1956. If the acquisition was meant for private companies. Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property Act.This Act came into force on January 1. Central Government employees asked to declare assets under Lokpal Act. informed and transparent process. Its objective was to transform the process of land acquisition into a humane. Damodar Valley Corporation Act 1948. It also had mandated a Social Impact Assessment (SIA) survey to be held along with the process of getting the families’ consent. 2013 Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) has asked all Central government employees to declare their assets and liabilities under the provisions of Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act.

their spouses and dependent children. Haribhai Parathibhai Chaudhary. and C employees will declare the assets under the new rules. In this regard. personal loans and advance given to any person or entity. 18 states and four Union Territories also have backed government on this move. including of their spouse and dependent family members every year on March 31 on or before July 31 of that year. Government decides to scrap Section 309 of IPC & Decriminalizes attempt to suicide Government in the Parliament has announced that the attempt suicide will no longer be a crime. yachts or ships. among others. assets and liabilities includes details of cash in hand. It should be noted that there are about 26.Assets and Liabilities and the Limits for Exemption of Assets in Filing Returns) Amendment Rules. bank deposits.29. provident fund. debentures. shares and units in companies or mutual funds. It was announced by the Minister of State for Home Affairs . B.  These declarations will come under the Lokpal Act and in addition to various services rules. aircraft.  As per the rules.  The employees also need to declare motor vehicles. . 913 employees in these three categories. government has decided to delete Section 309 of Indian Penal Code (IPC) from the Statute book which deals with attempt of suicide as per recommendations of 210th Law Commission report. This rules were issued in September 2014. 2014.  In this regards all Group A. insurance policies. gold and silver jewellery and bullion possessed by them. in a written reply in the Rajya Sabha. investment in bonds. Some facts about rules  Central government employees must file the returns of their assets and liabilities.

These nationwide adalats settled nearly around 1. The First Lok Adalat was held in Una city in Junagarh district of Gujarat in 1982.25 crore cases The Second National Lok Adalat was held across India on 6th December 2014 involving the Supreme Court. matrimonial cases. 24 high courts. Even 210th Law Commission report had mentioned that attempting suicide is the “manifestation of a diseased condition of mind” that needs treatment and care rather than punishment. the process of decriminalizing suicide was undertaken by government and all states were asked to give their opinion. revenue matters.Current Section 309 of IPC  A person who survives a suicide attempt is punished with a one-year jail term and a fine under a rule in the IPC. petty criminal matters. districts courts and taluka-level courts. motor accident claims. About Lok Adalats Lok Adalats (people’s courts) settle dispute through conciliation and compromise. Second National Lok Adalats across the country settles 1. an attempt to suicide will not be taken as a criminal offence. the cases settled out of court included family disputes. Now as a result of this decision.000 people. 28 out of 53 cases put up for settlement were disposed of and cheques were handed out at the time of settlement itself. Lok Adalat . bank recoveries. In the Second National Lok Adalat. It was organised by the National Legal Service Authority (NALSA) and has helped to reduce backlog of cases by about nine percent in all the States. disbursement of payment under the MGNREGA and other government welfare schemes. as they have jurisdiction over it (as law and order is a state subject under Schedule VII of Constitution).25 crore pending and pre-litigation cases and brought financial relief of over 3. In 2012.1 per 100. Background Earlier in August 2014.000 crore rupees to ordinary litigants in a single day. Generally. World Health Organization (WHO) has listed India as one of the countries with the highest suicide rates – 21. Even in the Supreme Court.

This bench will ensure early disposal of such cases and to bring fruits of the rights provided under the Constitution to people. First National Lok Adalats was held across the country in all courts on 23rd November 2013. several cases highlighting social issues are included. No appeal lies against the order of the Lok Adalat. They are  Release of surplus food grains lying in stocks for the use of people living in the drought-affected areas to frame a fresh scheme for public distribution of food grains.  To take steps to prevent untimely death of women and children for want of nutritious food .  Providing hygienic meal besides issues relating to children to provide night shelter to destitute and homeless . one of the ideals of the Indian Constitution. Under the domain of social justice. Supreme Court sets up ‘Social Justice Bench’ to deal with social issues Supreme Court has set up a special ‘Social Justice Bench’ in order to exclusively hear cases concerning social issues particularly those related to women. It had settled a record 28. The main intention of setting up ‘Social Justice Bench’ is to provide specialised approach which needed for dealing with these cases. The special bench will comprise justices Madan B Lokur and U U Lalit and from 12th December the bench which will assemble every Friday at 2 PM. The decision of the Lok Adalat is binding on the parties to the dispute and its order is capable of execution through legal process. children and underprivileged sections of society. It will deal specially with the matters relating to society and its members.accepts the cases pending in the regular courts within their jurisdiction which could be settled by conciliation and compromise.26 lakh cases pending in various courts. to secure social justice. .  To provide medical facilities to all the citizens irrespective of their economic condition.

About Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPA)  The Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPAs) are a group of autonomous public institutes of higher education under Ministry of Human Resource Development. Lok Sabha passes school of Planning & Architecture Bill 2014 Lok Sabha has passed School of Planning and Architecture Bill. an institute has to be made a deemed university by an act of parliament. Its passage will benefit students of SPA Bhopal and Vijayawada who are still awaiting their degrees. 2014. To provide hygienic drinking water .  To provide safety and secure living condition for the fair gender who are forced into prostitution etc. In order to confer degrees.  They were established with the objectives of providing quality Architecture and physical planning education. Delhi and Vijayawada. Thus. The bill also proposes to set up a council for the SPAs similar to IITs and NITs to advise the central government on policy matters in the field of architecture and planning. . the SPAs lists three institutes located at Bhopal.  At present. Government of India. It was passed by a voice vote. by setting up the ‘Social Justice Bench’ SC is trying to play a proactive role in order to meet the goals of the Constitution by providing social justice to everyone. This bill seeks to convert three Schools of Planning and Architecture (SPA) into centres of excellence and enable them to confer degrees on students.

Cabinet gives nod to Anti-Hijacking Bill. 1982. The SPAs primarily offer undergraduate. the Anti-Hijacking Act. will be repealed after passage of this new Bill. 2014 proposes  Death punishment for the offence of the hijacking. . in the US where aircraft were used as weapons. The Cabinet has also given its approval to ratify Beijing Protocol. 2010 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in August 2010. postgraduate. doctoral and executive education programmes. Background It was felt necessary for providing death penalty award to perpetrators of the act of hijacking in the wake of the hijacking of Indian Airlines Flight IC-814 in December 1999. Anti-Hijacking Bill. which was last amended in 1994. 2010 of the UN body International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) to which India is a signatory. 2010. where such offence results in the death of a hostage or of a security personal. 2014 in the Parliament. It was introduced during the process of amendment of a global diplomatic conference on antihijacking which was held at Beijing in August-September.  SPA at Delhi was established in 1948. SPA’s at Bhopal and Vijayawada were established in 2008. It was also necessary to amend current Indian hijacking act after the incident of 9/11. 2014 The Union cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given nod to for introduction of the comprehensive Anti-Hijacking Bill.  Imprisonment for life and the confiscation of moveable and immoveable property d of persons involved in hijacking. The Anti-Hijacking (Amendment) Bill. The current law.

It was passed by a voice vote. Amendments  The bill includes certain communities in the list of Scheduled Castes from Kerala. The Bill was passed by voice vote. enlarged the scope of ‘hijacking’. Jaggili. The bill was first tabled in 2012 but lapsed after the previous Lok Sabha was dissolved and the NDA government again had introduced it August. and Tripura. 1978. Kerala: Pulluvan. Jhalo-Malo. . Amath. Madhya Pradesh: 3.  This amendment Bill removes a Majhi (Nepali) community from the list of Scheduled Castes in Sikkim. expanded jurisdiction and strengthened extradition and mutual assistance regimes in case hijacking. Tripura: Chamar-Rohidas. Chamar-Ravidas. Bajia. 1950 and the Constitution (Sikkim) Scheduled Castes Order. Odisha. Dhobi. This protocol is combined with ancillary offences. Madhya Pradesh. Odisha: Amata. Jagli. Buna Pano. 2014 passed in Lok Sabha The Lok Sabha has passed the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders (Amendment) Bill. 2014. The Bill seeks to amend the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order. 2. They are 1. 2014.Beijing Protocol: This Protocol has brought out new principal offences in hijacking. 2014 Lok Sabha has passed the Delhi Special Police Establishment (Amendment) Bill. 2014 in Lok Sabha. Thachar (other than ‘Carpenter’). Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Orders (Amendment) Bill. Lok Sabha passes Delhi Special Police Establishment (Amendment) Bill. 4.

 This committee comprised of Prime Minister (Chairperson). In the present Lok Sabha there is no LoP in Lok Sabha. 1946 constitutes a special investigation police force known as the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Srinivasan had breached the provision of conflict of interest. Thus this amendment bill. Summary  Delhi Special Police Establishment Act. since no party have the numbers to get the post. Now Congress is the largest Opposition party. This hearing was given by two member special bench headed by Justice T S Thakur and Justice Fakkir Mohamed Ibrahim Kalifulla.The Bill amends the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act.  BCCI not taking any action: The bench has also questioned that BCCI over not taking any action against CSK. and the Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha. Supreme Court opines to terminate IPL team Chennai Super Kings Supreme Court while hearing on the Mudgal report Committee probe on IPL spot-fixing case has opine to terminate Indian Premier League (IPL) team Chennai Super Kings (CSK).  Earlier the Act had provision for a three member committee to make recommendations to the central government for appointment of the Director of CBI. 1946 for the changing the provision related to appointment of Director of CBI. CSK needs to be disqualified. So. the Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court judge nominated by him. SC hearing  Disqualification of CSK: The bench mentioned that being Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) chief and by owning CSK. the Leader of the single largest Opposition Party in that House would be part of the committee for appointment of Director of CBI. Rajasthan Royals -the other team whose owner Raj Kundra was . The Bill amends the provision in relation to the Leader of Opposition (LoP) and states that where there is no LoP. will pave the way for the appointment of a new CBI Director in December as incumbent CBI Director Ranjit Sinha is to retire on 2nd December 2014.

A K Sikri on a plea filed by NGO Centre for Public Interest Litigation. They had submitted its findings in the form of a final Report to the SC in a sealed cover on November 3.allegedly involved in betting.B. and their officials on the basis of findings of Mudgal Committee report. Deputy DG of Narcotics Control Bureau B. They were  Srinivasan. SC has constituted Justice Mukkul Mudgal Committee to conduct an independent inquiry over allegations of corruption.BCCI chief operating officer (COO). former Solicitor-General of India L. Srinivasan.Former President of BCCI and owner of CSK  Sunder Raman. About Mudgal Committee In 2014. Afterwards newly elected board should decide what actions are to be taken on the basis of findings of the report.Mishra and former Indian captain Sourav Ganguly.  Raj Kundra.Nageshwara Rao.  Gurunath Meiyappan. former Umpire Nilay Dutta.Chennai Super Kings team principal and son-in-law of N. .Rajasthan Royals co-owner. Members of committee: Retired Justice Mukkul Mudgal (Head). Earlier SC hearing: SC while hearing on the IPL spot-fixing case probed by the Justice Mudgal Committee had disclosed names of few persons those who had alleged links with this case. 2014 CBI Director Ranjit Sinha ousted from 2G probe This judgment was given three members SC bench headed by Chief Justice H L Dattu and comprising justices M B Lokur. betting and spot-fixing in IPL matches. In these elections the people whose names are mentioned in the Mudgal report should not take part.  Fresh Elections of BCCI: The court also suggested there must be fresh election process for the Board.

the members of Parliament ask questions and the ministers usually give answers. Other issues can be raised during the Zero Hour. Question Hour in Rajya Sabha will be between 12 PM and 1 PM instead of 11 am. Rules Committee of Parliament had given final nod to the change these timings.  Question Hour: During this time. The move aimed to ensure disruption-free proceedings during this segment.  Zero Hour: It is a period during which Member of Parliament (MPs) get chance to raise matters of public importance that need immediate attention of the government without any prior notice. It is not mentioned in the . There are three kinds of question which can be asked during Question Hour. But. unstarred and Question Hour is mentioned in the Rules of Procedure of Parliament.m. no issues can be raised during the Question Hour except those related to the questions listed for the day. R K Dutta is a 1981-batch IPS officer from the Karnataka cadre. Earlier in 2011. Thus. They are starred. Rajya Sabha question hour shifted from 11am to 12 noon Rajya Sabha Chairman Hamid Ansari has decided to shift Question Hour in Rajya Sabha from 11 a. it was subsequently discontinued and the Question Hour switched back to its usual timing of 11 am. the proceeding of the Rajya Sabha will start with ‘Zero Hour’ which will be between 11am to 12 noon.After the court’s decision to ousted CBI Director from 2G probe . As per new rules. is often witness to disruptions by members who want to raise issues . the Question Hour in Rajya Sabha was shifted for a few days to 2-3 pm so that the House could function normally in the first half. Normally. and now he is the overall incharge of the Anti-Corruption Bureau (ACB) of the CBI which is probing the 2G cases. Rajya Sabha Secretariat has issued the notification to this effect and it has been communicated to all Ministries. which marks the beginning of a day’s proceedings of a House of Parliament. Reason for shift in timing of Question Hour Question Hour. Additional Director of CBI Rupak Kumar Dutta will now head the CBI probe in the 2G spectrum scam. to 12 noon for the upcoming Winter Session. short notice.

SC gives free hand to NGT to whip Ganga polluting industries .  The Government had also received several representations against the bill. sale and import of food items. preside over its meetings and exercise any other powers of the FSSAI as may be assigned to him. the FSSAI consisted of a chairperson and twenty-two members. the Bill needs to be further amended after taking into account the judgments of the courts. 2014  The objective of the Bill was to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority (FSSAI) to regulate the manufacture. this Bill will be introduces after fresh set of amendments and detailed examination of court judgments and several representations.  The Government feels that.  Under withdrawn Bill. 2014 which was introduced in the Rajya Sabha by the then UPA Government in February 2014. Cabinet decides to withdraw Food Safety and Standards (Amendment) Bill. Background of withdrawn Food Safety and Standards (Amendment) Bill. Cabinet also notified that. representations and other recent developments. storage.  The Bill had specified that the chairperson shall guide and oversee the FSSAI.  The Bill had proposed to add the Chief Executive Officer as a member of the FSSAI. Fresh set of amendments will be finalised by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Union Cabinet decided to withdraw the Food Safety and Standards (Amendment) Bill . Reason’s for withdrawal of Bill  The NDA Government’s withdrawal decision comes in the wake of certain judgments of the Supreme Court and the Lucknow Benchof Allahabad High Court. distribution.Rules of Procedure of Parliament and Indian innovation in the field of parliamentary procedure since 1962. 2014 On 5th November 2014.

The SC will retain control of certain matter such as those relating to ‘discharge of untreated sewage from municipalities and towns in the Ganga basin states’. was impressive. who handed it over to the SC appointed SIT (Special Investigation Team) . This responsibility had been entrusted to the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) and state pollution control boards (SPCBs). as it deems fit. However.The SC has asked the National Green Tribunal (NGT) to actively involve itself in the cleaning up of the Ganges river Inactivity of other bodies The SC asked the NGT to step in and take up the task of closing down industries polluting Ganga and take action against industries failing to install adequate anti-pollution measures to treat industrial effluents by March 2015. The NGT would be in a better position to follow through on judgments and monitor their implementation in certain scenarios like the closure of polluting industries. The Court also asked the NGT to file status reports after intervals of six months on action being taken by it against polluting industries. it can oversee the actions taken by different authorities and environmental agencies . Government submits list of 627 people having illegal accounts in foreign banks to SC The Centre has submitted a list of people having illegal accounts in foreign banks to the Supreme Court (SC). Also. with its expertise in the field of environment. It will deal with the highly polluting industries which are discharging untreated effluents into Ganga and take appropriate measures. The SC has decided to give a free rein to NGT to take control of the cleaning-up of the Ganga. Efficient functioning of the NGT The SC opined that the NGT’s work. these agencies have failed to even implement SC orders which have been passed over the last 30 years to reduce pollutants in the Ganga.

with the deadline now being November 15. and that the SIT already had the list of names. a Rajkot-based bullion trader and Radha S. Statistics Though there are no official or authorised estimates.Timblo. SIT Once the documents were handed to the SC.42 lakh companies that had not filed their annual returns or balance sheets for more than three consecutive years. At the end of August 2014. Government extends the Company Law Settlement Scheme to November 15 The government extended the operation of the Company Law Settlement Scheme by a month. Earlier. a Goa-based miner and owner of Timblo Pvt Ltd.Following this. This scheme initially had a time limit of two months wherein the defaulting companies had to meet the requirements by October 2014. The documents contain the names of 627 persons having illegal HSBC accounts in Geneva which was provided by France and a status report of the investigation against them. The deadline for investigation into these accounts under the Income Tax Act is March 31. This scheme condones lack or delay of filings by companies by granting . The sealed cover will be opened by the Chairman and ViceChairman of the SC-appointed SIT. Company Law Settlement Scheme 2014 This scheme. 2015. former executive chairman of Dabur. The Chairman of the SIT mentioned that there was no new detail in the list. Pankaj Chimanlal Lodhiya. the SC had issued an order asking the government to release all the names. on behalf of the Central Government. the government had released the names of three people from the list. The further course of action will also be determined by the SIT. The three persons whose names had been released are Pradip Burman. Global Financial Integrity (GFI). which is a Washington-based think-tank. the Bench handed the documents over to the SIT without opening the documents.Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi filed a set of three documents in a sealed cover with the SC. has estimated that Indians have parked US $462 billion in bank accounts in overseas tax havens between 1948 and 2008. The Court rejected the Centre’s argument that it would reveal the only the names against whom the Income Tax Department has evidence. allows companies that have failed to make their statutory filings to do so without attracting prosecution. there were around 1. introduced under the new Companies Act.

immunity from prosecution to the companies and also. the companies are penalized through higher additional fees and penalties. headed by the Health Minister and co-chaired by the Minister for . Central Supervisory Board (CSB) The CSB is the highest body monitoring the implementation of the PC & PNDT Act. Even directors can be penalized through disqualification for failing to make the necessary annual filings. so that the same may be curbed through appropriate amendment to the PC & PNDT Act. Pre-Conception & Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques Act. The expert panel will suggest amendments to this Act to cover the latest methods of sex determinations. give them the advantage of reduced additional fees Grounds for extension The extension was granted by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs after requests from various stakeholders including the ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India). and prohibits female foeticide. Companies Act The new Companies Act contains provisions that provide for stringent norms in dealing with defaulting entities. Centre sets up Expert Group to examine new methods of sex determination The Central government has set up an expert group to look into the new technologies being to determine the sex of the foetus. A meeting of the reconstituted CSB. Also. 1994 (PC & PNDT Act) The PC & PNDT Act outlaws the misuse of ultrasound machines to determine the sex of the foetus.

allow their clients to choose the sex of their baby. small and medium enterprises that employ up to 40 employees. Some of these new methods are even non-invasive. . Separate Bill drafted for regulation of small factories The Labour Ministry has drafted the Small Factories (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Services) Bill . The formation of the expert group was decided at this meeting Need for amendment to legislation Even though the most common methods of sex determination have been outlawed. and he can register his factory online. have been removed. Consolidation of law and procedure The Bill. Each employer will be provided a labour identification number. This will help the regulatory agency monitor payment of wages and also give a boost to financial inclusion. Registration of units The factories covered under the bill will have to register within 60 days of commencement of business . The Bill is likely to be tabled in the Parliament during its winter session. if passed . will replace over 44 central labour laws and 100 state laws and streamline the process. A single compliance report. will fulfill all the requirements under various legislations. newer technologies have come into existence for the purpose of determination of the sex of the foetus. Application of law This law will apply to micro. Payment of wages The employer will have to transfer the wages to the accounts of the employees. Payment of wages in cash is disallowed. Also. Outdated provisions. operating in a legal vacuum. that can be filed online.Women and Child Development was held recently. 2014 and asked for comments from stakeholders. with no relevance in today’s age and time. The expert group has been constituted to suggest amendments to face this challenge and curb these new modes of sex determination. IVF/ART (In-Vitro Fertilization/Artificial Reproductive Technology) clinics.

Any malpractices can be challenged before the Conciliation Officer. Rationale behind judgment Justice Chandrasekhara refused to grant bail saying that there were no grounds for the Court to grant bail. and that it led to economic imbalances in society. He cited the case of Lalu Prasad Yadav being granted bail by the SC (after being convicted in the fodder scam) as a precedent to take into consideration while deciding whether bail must be granted to Jayalalitha. 2014No comments . social security benefits and conditions for retrenchment of workers. Ram Jethmalani. Need for legislation The requirement of a separate labour law for small scale industries was identified by the Second National Commission on Labour in 2000.Protection of basic rights The registration of the units with the authorities will help them monitor the benefits being provided to the employees by employer. The Special Public Prosecutor raised no objection to granting of bail to Jayalalitha. provision of leave. Citing SC judgments. The bill clearly states the working hours. appointed in accordance with the Bill. The lawyer for the defense. he opined that corruption amounted to violation of basic human rights. to approach Supreme Court The High Court of Karnataka has denied bail to Jayalalitha in the disproportionate assets case. argued vehemently for the release of Jayalalitha. The Commission said that such a law would encourage small scale industries and also boost employment opportunities Parties using children for poll work will lose symbols: Election Commission High Court denies Bail to Jayalalitha. overtime wages. The judge also said that the SC had made it clear that cases relating to corruption must be fast-tracked. calling it a case of political vendetta. minimum wages. Bills and Acts in Current Affairs Government to launch National Career Service Portal Share on email Share on facebook Share on twitter Share on print Share on google October 4. Jethmalani also prayed for the suspension of the sentence pending appeal.

This project was originally proposed under the UPA government with an outlay of 150 cr as part of a larger revamping of the Employment Exchanges. job seekers. The UK government’s National Career Service was launched in 2012 and is an integrated free service which provides advice and information for training . The portal will connect the people seeking jobs with people/companies looking for employees to hire. training and the employers. The new government. MoU with UK The portal in India will be established on the lines of a similar initiative of the UK government. The government has even signed an MoU with UK to learn from its project. The portal can be accessed by employers from the public sector and private sector. learning and work opportunities to anyone older than 13 years. E-rickshaws recognized as special category three-wheeled vehicles Share on email Share on facebook Share on twitter Share on print Share on google . This is an improved version of an earlier plan called ‘Next Step’ that was available to those aged above 18. through phone and can be directly accessed through multiple walk in centres. along with intermediaries like recruitment agencies . The service is available online via web chat. It will seek to connect the two parties using SMS. call centres and electronic means of communication like emails. It will act purely as an intermediary for persons with different needs to meet.The Labour Ministry is set to Launch a National Career Service Portal which will serve as an intermediary between job-seekers and job-providers. skill development institutes and trainers. The portal will aggregate all information pertaining to jobs . has taken up the project now. with its emphasis on skill development and providing increased job opportunities.

a Delhi HC judgment had banned e-rickshaws due to safety concerns. a license issued/renewed for an e-rickshaw will be valid only for three years from the date of issue. Earlier. Further. allowing e-rickshaws to ply in New Delhi.000 W.October 3. Jayalalitha convicted and jailed in graft case. Restrictions An e-rickshaws cam carry a maximum of four passengers. excluding the driver. the Centre has recognized e-rickshaws as a special category and has come out with guidelines for their usage. This decision has been taking by the government after taking into consideration the loss of livelihood caused to many erickshaw drivers because of the ban. and luggage that weighs no more than 40 kg. 2014No comments The Ministry of Road Transport & Highway has issued a notification amending the Motor Vehicles Act. The maximum allowed speed limit for e-rickshaws is 25 km/hr and the netpower of its motor cannot be more than 2.Paneerselvam to be CM of TN Share on email Share on facebook Share on twitter Share on print Share on google September 29. O. The notification defines e-rickshaws as a ‘special purpose battery operated vehicle having three wheels and intended to provide last mile connectivity for transport of passengers’. What are e-rickshaws? E-rickshaws or electric rickshaws are three wheeled vehicles that are operated with an electric motor. But. 2014No comments .

Two aides of Jayalalitha and her now disowned foster son were also convicted in this case. Jayalalitha was taken to the Parappana Agrahara jail in Bangalore. This verdict marks the first ever conviction of a serving Chief Minister. will take Jayalalitha’s place as CM. Mr. if the order of conviction is stayed or overruled by a higher court.Paneerselvam. . Paneerselvam had also served as CM for a period of six months in 2001 after Jayalalitha had resigned. She is also expected to file an appeal challenging the order of conviction. In 2001. she stands disqualified as an MLA in accordance with the Representation of People’s Act. The charge against her was of holding assets of Rs. she had to step down temporarily till a higher court overturned the decision which sentenced her to two years rigorous imprisonment on a land deal case. the disqualification will be annulled. This is not the first instance of Jayalalitha having to step down as CM. which also prohibits her from contesting elections for a period of six years after she finishes serving the sentence. following a meeting of the party’s MLAs. However.65 cr that were disproportionate to her known sources of income. 100 cr. Jayalalitha. After the sentence. 66.The 18 year long corruption case against former CM of TN (Tamil Nadu). she will have to approach the HC of Karnataka for bail. J. She was sentenced to four years imprisonment and levied a fine of Rs. Since she was sentenced to a period of more than three years. who was the Finance Minister of TN. It has been decided that O. As of now. reached its conclusion when a special court in Bangalore presided by Special Judge John D’Cunha convicted her under the Prevention of Corruption Act.

Future course of action Jayalalitha’s legal team is likely to appeal the judgment denying bail in the SC. . Jayalalitha. These allocations were made to various companies since 1993. he had spent 10 months in jail already when the SC granted him bail. She was sentenced to four years prison and a fine of Rs. He cited several cases of the SC under the Prevention of Corruption Act to validate his ruling that the case was not fit for granting either bail or suspension of sentence. on the other hand. she has been disqualified from contesting elections for the next 10 years under the Representation of People’s Act. The government has been granted six months to ensure a smooth transition within which it will have to decide on the course of action to be followed. Also. Centre Welcomes SC Decision to Cancel Allocation Of 214 Coal Blocks The Supreme Court (SC) has cancelled 214 coal block allocations out of the 218 that were under consideration. 100 crore. Shops were shut down and instances of buses being broken or burnt were also reported.After the verdict was announced. He also refused to consider the Lalu Yadav case as a precedent. incidents of violence were witnessed in various parts of Tamil Nadu. because he had been granted bail by the SC on an appeal from the HC judgment that denied him bail. has not been in jail even for a month. AIADMK supporters burnt effigies of leaders of opposing parties and went on a rampage destroying public properties. Also. The judge also refused to suspend the judgment of the Special Court. The Centre welcomed the SC decision and stated that its stand on the allegedly illegal coal block allocations was now vindicated. Disproportionate Assets Case Jayalalitha was the first serving CM to be convicted in a corruption case when a Special Court convicted her of holding assets disproportionate to her income. It is also expected that she will ask for a suspension of the four year sentence awarded by the Special Court Judge.

however. however. the government argued. Central Govt. deputation and also for promotions. The government argued that reservation cannot be given in case of promotion to Group A and Group B officers category as it is not a case of appointment and held that the the Persons With Disabilities Act provides for 3% quota for the differently-abled people. Therefore. Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act was passed in 1995. . A group can only be listed as backward if the NCBC. was disappointed with the verdict with business leaders predicting decrease in domestic coal supplies causing supply disruptions and aggravation of the power crisis. Union government seeks clarification from Supreme Court on its judgment on transgender Five months after the Supreme Court instructed the Centre to give OBC status to transgenders. SC clears 3% reservation for disabled in jobs and promotions in all Govt jobs including in IAS The Supreme Court ruled 3% quota for disabled persons in all government jobs including IAS. The bench. The bench held that the principle of not exceeding 50% reservation would not be valid while allowing quota for differently-abled people. The Centre suggested that there is no difficulty in putting non. a statutory body under India’s Social Justice Ministry. selection. considered it so. noted that ‘appointment’ is a wider concept and the Centre is giving a limited interpretation of it. was indisputable that the differently-abled people must get the advantages with no technical hurdles. Supreme Court permitted the reservation in all classes of government jobs containing in the matters of appointment. It is also believed that this will dampen investor confidence.SC/ST transgender under OBC category as that can be achieved via NCBC (National Commission of Backward Classes). The bench ruled that the purpose of the reservation policy. as envisioned by the Parliament. the Union government has requested clarification on it holding that all such people cannot be grouped under OBC category as several of them are SC/ST by birth. A bench headed by Chief Justice R M Lodha held that the disabled people have not got their due in the last 19 years even though the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities. direct-recruitment. but grouping SC/ST transgender under OBC would trigger troubles.The corporate world.

Others who have refused this award include philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre and radiology pioneers Pierre and Marie Curie. the term LGBT is used for lesbians. gays. lesbian or bisexual. some people might misuse the identity of transgender in order to get benefit of OBC Category in Job reservations French Economist Thomas Piketty turns down France’s top award French economist Thomas Piketty has turned down France’s top award . that is only an individual’s sexual orientation and would not result in a lesbian. the Legion D’Honneur. The Centre also requested clarification on the meaning of transgender articulating that Lesbian. Officier de la Legion d’Honneur (Officer of the Legion of Honour) is the highest award among Civilians and Military conferred by France upon French citizen as well as foreigners. He is the bestselling author of book Capital in the 21st Century which examines income inequality in society. bisexuals and transgenders.” Thus. . While it may be possible for some transgender persons to also be gay. Gay and Bisexual cannot be considered under the category of transgender. the Supreme Court had accorded legal acknowledgment to transgenders or eunuchs as third category of gender and directed the Centre and all states to consider them as socially and educationally backward classes to expand reservation in admission in educational institutions and for public appointments. The government held in its application that “Universally.On April 15. Earlier in 2014. 2014 in its landmark judgment. gay or bisexual by themselves per se becoming a transgender. cartoonist Jacques Tardi had turned down this award.

 He is considered as one of the initial leaders of the right-wing Hindu Mahasabha and died in 1946. 1861 and was an educationist and politician notable for his role in India’s freedom struggle. Atal Bihari Vajpayee  He was born on 25th December 1924. Madan Mohan Malviya  He was born on December 25. Lata Mangeshkar. He is an Indian statesman who was the 11th Prime Minister first for 13 days in 1996 and then from 1998 to 2004. .  He is also remembered for his stellar role in the Independence movement and his espousal of Hindu nationalism. Notably he is the first PM from outside the Congress party to serve a full fiveyear term. Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee and late educationist Madan Mohan Malviya chosen for Bharat Ratna Former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee and late educationist Madan Mohan Malviya (posthumously) have been chosen for Bharat Ratna.country’s highest civilian award.Some facts: Indian luminaries who have been decorated with France highest honor are Satyajit Ray. Amitabh Bachchan and Shahrukh Khan.  He was President of Indian National Congress in 1909 and 1918.  He is founder of Asia’s largest residential university – Banaras Hindu University. He was popularly known ‘Mahaman’. It was announced by the press communique from Rashtrapati Bhavan.

 Recently. B. Vajpayee).  He was parliamentarian for over 4 decades and was elected to the Lok Sabha for 9 times. he retired from active politics due to health concerns.  In December 2011. Bharat Ratna  It is India’s highest civilian award given to citizens for their exceptional work for the advancement of art.e. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.  It was instituted in the year 1954.  In February 2014. . and 2 to the Rajya Sabha.  He was also the Minister of External Affairs in the cabinet of Janta Government headed by Morarji Desai i. Union government had announced to observe his birthday as Good Governance Day. government had changed the criteria for including sportsperson for this award thus added category for performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour. and public service. it was awarded to eminent scientist Prof C. Rao and cricketer Sachin Tendulkar. It does not carry any monetary grant.R.  Till date 45 people have been honoured with the Bharat Ratna since its inception (Including Madan Mohan Malviya and A.  The recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.  In 2009. He is amongst the founder members of erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sangh which later became known as Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). literature and science. from 1977-79.  The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President.N.