1.

Economy, Development

2.

Education

3.

Indian Democracy, society, culture, mindset

4.

International issues

5.

Quote based / Philosophical

6.

Polity, administration

7.

Science-Technology

8.

Women empowerment
9. With greater power comes greater responsibility.
10.Is the growing level of competition good for the youth?
11.Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress?
12.Words are sharper than the two-edged sword.
13.Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed
the growth of our country?
14.Is sting operation an invasion on privacy?
15.Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India?
16.Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India?

17.

2013-----

18.Crime against women due to Delhi gang-rape.
19.Criminalization of politics.
20.Policy paralysis. (But asked in 2014 exam under Modi-raj finally. May be
examiner was too afraid to ask it during UPA-raj hahaha)

culture. mindset 1.21. Mangalyaan etc.Extremism (ISIS) 24. 2. E-governance. Minimum governance (Modi) 26. 28. 27.GDP (Gross Domestic Product) along with GDH (Gross Domestic Happiness) would be the right indices for judging the wellbeing of a country-2013 32. Indo-Pak. socialist economy. Is the growing level of competition good for the youth? -2014 Are the standardized tests good measure of academic ability or progress? -2014 Credit – based higher education system – status .Tourism: Can this be the next big thing for India? -2014 31. 22. Development 29.Space-exploration (ISRO-Mangalyan) 23. society.Good governance.Indo-China.Was it the policy paralysis or the paralysis of implementation which slowed the growth of our country? -2014 30. opportunities and challenges Indian Democracy. elections.Is the criticism that the ‘Public-Private-Partnership’ (PPP) model for development is more of a bane than a boon in the Indian context.Economy.New cold war (Ukraine).Relevance Planning commission. justified ?2012 Special economic zone : boon or bane Education 1. Is sting operation an invasion on privacy? -2014 .Nehru related essays because of his 125th Anniversary. 25.

If youth knew. -2007 6. -1995 10. oldage a regret -1994 12. -2002 . -2014 3. Words are sharper than the two-edged sword. He would reigns within himself and folds his passions and desires and fears is more than a king. Compassion is the basic of all morality would -1993 15. -2003 9. ‘ nationalism’ Indian culture today: a myth or a reality? Quote based / Philosophical 1. -2014 2. Useless life is an early death. Our deeds determine us. -1993 14. Attitude makes. There is nothing either good or bad but thinking makes it so.2. as much as we determine our deeds. Disinterested intellectual curiosity is the lifeblood of civilisation. if age could. Youth is a blunder. Be the change you want to see in others (Gandhi)-2013 4. With greater power comes greater responsibility. Discipline means success . Search for truth can only be a spiritual problem. -2002 8. Is the Colonial mentality hindering India’s Success?-2013 Does Indian cinema shape our popular culture or merely reflect it? ‘ globalization’ vs. Spirituality and scientific temper. anarchy means ruin -2008 5. habit makes character and character makes a man. -2003 7. Fifty Golds in Olympics: Can this be a reality for India? -2014 3. manhood a struggle. -1994 13. -1995 11.

2. administration Creation of smaller states and the consequent administrative . -1993 Women’s reservation bill would usher in empowerment for women in India. Managing work and home – is the Indian working woman getting a fair deal ?-2012 Men have failed: let women take over.16. politics and empowerment. The hand that rocks the cradle -2005 5. Truth is lived. economic and developmental implication Reservation. -2006 4. If women ruled the world -2005 6. The pursuit of excellence. Whither women’s emancipation? -2004 . 3. 2. -2001 18. The paths of glory lead but to the grave. Science and technology is the panacea for the growth and security of the nation-2013 Science and Mysticism : Are they compatible ?-2012 Women empowerment 1. Food security for sustainable national development Urbanisation and its hazards Judicial activism and Indian democracy Science-Technology 1. -2002 17. not taught -1996 Polity.

Empowerment alone cannot help our women. The new emerging women power: the ground realities. -1999 9. tax on consumption or sale of electricity. . However. The system allows the set-off of GST paid on the procurement of goods and services against the GST which is payable on the supply of goods or services. Central Sales Tax.the Goods and Service Tax (GST) -. It is expected to help build a transparent and corruption-free tax administration. stamp duty. The implementation of GST will lead to the abolition of other taxes such as octroi. entry tax. Make in China One of the biggest taxation reforms in India -. -1995 Make in India vs. turnover tax. and not at various points (from manufacturing to retail outlets). Women empowerment: challenges and prospects. this tax is collected on value-added goods and services at each stage of sale or purchase in the supply chain. -1997 11. What are the benefits of GST? Under GST. But just what is GST all about and how will it impact you? What is GST? Goods and Services Tax -. taxes on transportation of goods and services. GST will create a single. -2001 8. telecom licence fees. -1998 10. the taxation burden will be divided equitably between manufacturing and services. Greater political power alone will not improve women’s plight. Through a tax credit mechanism. sale and consumption of goods and services at a national level. State-level sales tax. Woman is god’s best creation. thus avoiding multiple layers of taxation that currently exist in India.is a comprehensive tax levy on manufacture. unified Indian market to make the economy stronger. Experts say that GST is likely to improve tax collections and boost India's economic development by breaking tax barriers between States and integrating India through a uniform tax rate. the end consumer bears this tax as he is the last person in the supply chain. through a lower tax rate by increasing the tax base and minimizing exemptions.7. et cetera.GST -. GST will be is levied only at the destination point.is all set to integrate State economies and boost overall growth.

What type of GST is proposed for India? India is planning to implement a dual GST system. There will be no distinction between goods and services. octroi. and it is again taxed at the retail outlet when sold. barring a few exceptions. thereby helping companies. raise employment and boost growth.Currently. The rate is expected around 14-16 per cent. lottery taxes. It will divide the tax burden equitably between manufacturing and services. Will this be an extra tax? It will not be an additional tax. What will be the rate of GST? The combined GST rate is being discussed by government. Under dual GST. . both Central and State taxes will be collected at the point of sale. electricity duty. CGST will include central excise duty (Cenvat). will be brought into the GST base. Which other nations have a similar tax structure? Almost 140 countries have already implemented the GST. Most of the countries have a unified GST system. Lower prices will lead to more consumption. Brazil and Canada follow a dual system where GST is levied by both the Union and the State governments. entertainment tax. This will benefit individuals as prices are likely to come down. After the total GST rate is arrived at. and additional duties of customs at the central level. service tax. a manufacturer needs to pay tax when a finished product moves out from a factory. luxury tax. state surcharges related to supply of goods and services and purchase tax at the State level. a Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST) and a State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) will be levied on the taxable value of a transaction. the States and the Centre will decide on the CGST and SGST rates. What are the benefits of GST for individuals and companies? In the GST system. services are taxed at 10 per cent and the combined charge indirect taxes on most goods is around 20 per cent. Currently. and value-added tax. How will it benefit the Centre and the States? It is estimated that India will gain $15 billion a year by implementing the Goods and Services Tax as it would promote exports. Both components (the Central and State GST) will be charged on the manufacturing cost. All goods and services. central sales tax. France was the first country to introduce GST system in 1954.

are likely to be out of the GST regime.—Alexander the Great. Chhattisgarh and Tamil Nadu say that the information technology systems and the administrative infrastructure will not be ready to implement GST.e. .) – Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun. defeated Porus. GST could see better revenue collection for some States as the consumption of goods and services will rise. the Paurava king. Experts feel the drafting of legislation and the implementation of law will take time. it has also been provided that petroleum and petroleum products shall not be subject to the levy of GST till notified at a future date on the recommendation of the GST Council. The central government has offered to compensate States in case of a loss in revenues. will be brought under the purview of GST. But States have to sort out several issues like agreement on GST rates. i.C. What are the items on which GST may not be applied? Alcohol. However.The battle of Chausa was fought between Mughal emperor Humayun and Sher Shah Suri. How will GST be implemented? The empowered committee is finalized the details of GST in August. After this battle. backward and less-developed States could see a fall in tax collections. . tobacco. *Battle of Chausa: 1539 A. will continue to be levied in the interim period. Petroleum and petroleum products have also been Constitutionally brought under GST.D. The government believes that dual GST will lead to better revenue collection for States. Sales Tax/VAT. CST and Excise duty only. The present taxes levied by the States and the Centre on petroleum and petroleum products. However. *Battle of Kannauj (1540 A. will they lose money? The governments of Madhya Pradesh. Some States fear that if the uniform tax rate is lower than their existing rates. All goods and services. except alcoholic liquor for human consumption. constitutional amendments and holding talks with industry associations. States have sought assurances that their existing revenues will be protected. Why are some States against GST.D. *Battle of Hydaspes 326 B. It facilitated Sher Khan to march on to Delhi at Agra. Humayun fled to Iran and Sher Shah Suri occupied Delhi. In this battle Humayun was defeated.Will goods and services cost more after this tax comes into force? The prices are expected to fall in the long term as dealers might pass on the benefits of the reduced tax to consumers.. it will hit their tax kitty.

D. It made the field clear for the English *Battle of Khanwah 1527— Babar defeated Rana Sanga of Mewar.65—United alliance between Bijapur. Rana Pratap refused to accept Mughal authority and carried on warfare till his death * Battle of Plassey 1757— The English under Lord Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah. *Third Battle of Panipat 1761—Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated Marathas. the Nizam and the Marathas was formed and Haider Ali.C. This laid the foundation of the Mughal rule in India. It brought Muslim Rule in Bengal to an end and laid foundations of the British Rule in India. *First Mysore War (1767.* Battle of Kalinga 261 B.68)—In 1768. Ghori’s victory paved the way for the establishment of Muslim rule in India. *Battle of Talikota 1564. It gave a terrible blow to the Maratha power. It also ended the Afghan Rule and Mughal Rule began instead. 1192 . Battle of Buxar 1764— Fought in 1764 between the forces of the English and the combined forces of Mir Qasim. Though defeated.D. This battle resulted in the defeat of the powerful Rajput confederacy. *Second Battle of Panipat 1556—Bairam Khan (Akbar’s General) defeated Hemu (the Hindu General and right-hand man of Mohd. *First Battle of Panipat 1526— Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi. Ashoka embraced Buddhism and preached it during the rest of his life after this war. *Battle of Haldighati 1576—Akbar’s forces headed by Raja Man Singh defeated Rana Pratap. Haider Ali was defeated by the English relinquishing all his rights over Mysore in favour of the English. Ahmednagar and Golkonda under Hussain Nizam Shah defeated Ram Raja of Vijayanagar. *Second Mysore War 1780— A grand alliance between Haider Ali. It destroyed the Hindu Kingdom of Vijayanagar. 1191 . *Second Battle of Tarain A. . He defeated the English and took possession of Arcot and became the undisputed master of the Carnatic.Mohammed Ghori defeated Prithvi Raj Chauhan. the brave Rajput king.Prithvi Raj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghori. *First Battle of Tarain or Thaneswar A.— Ashoka defeated the king of Kalinga. Adil Shah). Shuja-ud-Daulah (Nawab of Oudh) and the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam. Bidar.

*Third Anglo Maratha War 1817.92—Fought between the English and Tipu Sultan. * Afghan War III 1919—As a result of this War. some of them barely a few months old? The butchery indicates a set of well-planned and coordinated operations that clearly caught law enforcement agencies and the State government by surprise. Surat and Carnatic. I. the whole of Burma was occupied by the English and made a part of India. * Second Anglo Maratha War 1803-05—It weakened the Maratha power. The marauders had been under pressure for some time. Songbijit. is the group responsible for the killings.18—The British forces defeated Marathas and this campaign finally extinguished the Maratha Empire.K. The English annexed Tanjore.* Third Mysore War 1790. * Fourth Mysore War 1799— The British forces under Arthur Wellesley defeated Tipu Sultan. Can there be any ‘reason’ that can even begin to justify such murders of children. The war began with the Treaty of Surat and ended with the Treaty of Salbai. A breakaway group of the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) named after its elusive leader. Treaty of Rawalpindi was signed by which Afghanistan was recognised as an independent State Rebels without a cause The National Democratic Front of Boroland (Songbijit) does not seem to have any clear and tangible goal apart from that of spreading mayhem and terror The massacre of innocent men. Tipu Sultan had to submit and was compelled to sign the Treaty of Seringapattam stripped him of half his territory. *Battle of Cheelianwala 1849—Forces of the East India Company under Lord Hugh Gough defeated the Sikhs under Sher Singh. *First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782) was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the British East India Company and Maratha Empire in India. cynical. it is a testament to the simmering cauldron of suspicion. women and children in Sonitpur and Kokrajhar districts of Assam is a familiar. State police and administrators . fear and hate stalking the Assam valley and hills. with police forces inflicting recent losses on them in Sonitpur district. bloody cycle of violence that is never far away. which brought the end of the Tipu Sultan. *Burmese War 1885—As a result of this War.

The faction is opposed to talks between the larger NDFB group and the Indian government but does not seem to have any clear and tangible goal apart from that of spreading mayhem and terror. with police forces inflicting recent losses on them in Sonitpur district. The latter was the camping ground. according to officials. women and children in Sonitpur and Kokrajhar districts of Assam is a familiar. TOPICS India Assam unrest. it is a testament to the simmering cauldron of suspicion.say. a Garo armed group shot dead a young woman in front of her children. The marauders had been under pressure for some time. What has also made such groups difficult to tackle is the fact that they camp on the forested and lightly patrolled border tracts of Arunachal Pradesh and Bhutan. Can there be any ‘reason’ that can even begin to justify such murders of children. until 2003. of three major armed groups — NDFB. A breakaway group of the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) named after its elusive leader. is the group responsible for the killings. United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and Kamtapur Liberation Organisation — which were using it to . conflicts and war The National Democratic Front of Boroland (Songbijit) does not seem to have any clear and tangible goal apart from that of spreading mayhem and terror The massacre of innocent men.K. Read: Carnage in Assam It recently told the local media that it would show that it is capable of tough retaliation if the pressure continued. cynical. some of them barely a few months old? The butchery indicates a set of well-planned and coordinated operations that clearly caught law enforcement agencies and the State government by surprise. The faction is opposed to talks between the larger NDFB group and the Indian government but does not seem to have any clear and tangible goal apart from that of spreading mayhem and terror. such abuse and brutality has been extensive not just in Assam. State police and administrators say. bloody cycle of violence that is never far away. But the use of weapons against women and children in the northeastern region is not new or limited. Songbijit. earlier this year. but also its neighbouring States. In Meghalaya for instance. There are allegations of abuse against armed groups in Nagaland and Manipur as well. fear and hate stalking the Assam valley and hills. I.

In early May . The Bodos have often been seen as a privileged ethnic group. they were attacked. The Ranjan Daimary group. Daimary is out on bail and there is a ceasefire. the BPP has been accused by its opponents of involvement in extensive violence and intimidation as well as extortion. and in ‘Bodoland’. That year. the Tarun Gogoi government had kept it as a coalition partner. despite the extensive violence of the summer of 2012 when over four lakh people were displaced and nearly 100 killed in attacks targeting Muslims of Bengali origin. devastated and driven out by the Royal Bhutanese Army. No rationale It is not just a sense of tragedy that embraces us. shattered trust Yet. There have been reports that some groups have relocated to these thickly forested and sparsely populated areas. a non-Bodo candidate who was once a prominent former leader of the ULFA. crushed all candidates. the Bodo Security Force. despite public opposition to the BPP from non-Bodo groups. These murders are without rationale in many ways — but in some perhaps there is a morbid design: for one. This could lead to major law and order problems in the State and its many diverse and divided ethnic and linguistic groups which both the State government and the Centre could find difficult to tackle. The public anger against the BPP peaked during the 2014 general election which propelled Narendra Modi and the Bharatiya Janata Party to power at the Centre. Bodo militant groups have wielded the stick against other communities and have not faced any substantial repercussions. has indicated a willingness to talk. but this does not seem to bother the killers or their leaders or organisers. Although it holds political power in the Bodoland Territorial Council districts of western Assam. gave up the struggle and entered the peace process and participative democracy under the banner Bodoland People’s Party (BPP). One should note that in the Bodo-run districts of Assam in a chunk of the Western parts of the State. A Member of Legislative Assembly of the ruling Bodoland People’s Front was arrested for alleged involvement in those attacks. An earlier armed group. like all other militant groups there. including the official BPP nominee But the Songbijit faction has rebuffed efforts to reach out to it and never clearly declared its aims and objectives. Read: Wounded psyche. but of despair too. to destabilise the state by creating a backlash by the targeted community against Bodos. as were the ULFA and Manipuri leaders of secessionist movements. Thus the armed group would be in fact harming their own people if not their cause. when we look at these murders in our own land by rebels without a cause.organise attacks and recruit members in Assam. whose leader was handed over to Indian authorities by the Bangladesh government under Sheik Hasina Wajed in 2009.

The issues are not just of land or political or economic power. the state becomes dependent on central paramilitary forces and the Army. This must be accompanied by the continuing determined effort by civil society and moderates at all levels to maintain peace and not fall into the trap of the killers. fear and suspicion. otherwise. the Bodo political leadership cannot watch in silence any more. which cannot be sustained but for brief periods of time. it has numerous effective.2014. New Delhi. women and children from the minority community were again victims of murderous assaults by the same Songbijit group. a climate of laxity and impunity had crept in. These are crimes against humanity which can neither be condoned nor justified. as well as the diversion of focus as a result of the fierce challenge to the Chief Minister’s rule by his one-time lieutenant. where over 100 children were gunned down by extremists. especially the former armed groups and their leaders: they are on trial here as is everyone else. many minorities. former Health Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma — a crisis that had crippled the State administration for the best part of this year. capable of launching the strikes and counter-strikes which must defang the killers? Clearly. Pakistan. But the size of the force is inadequate to deal with the challenges it faces: its numbers and firepower need to be increased as they are spread too far. Also. In addition.) . Read: Pulling Assam back from the abyss As far as the State’s police machinery is concerned. The reasons for this are varied: a lack of sustained political pressure to tackle the challenge. few majorities and over 50 languages. (Sanjoy Hazarika is director of the Centre for North East Studies and Policy Research at Jamia Millia Islamia. but of simple survival and learning to live with one another in a complex State with its 20-odd ethnic groups. We saw such acts a few days ago in Peshawar. Not only are they barbaric but they deserve the strongest possible response from the state. especially the police and civil administration in the districts. only to be shaken by occasional bursts of acute violence and a deep sense of insecurity. Poor government response The impunity with which the killings have taken place raises two fundamental questions: Has the State government failed to fulfill its first responsibility of providing security to ordinary people? And are its forces. too thin. the State government has not done enough. including at the field level. Today. effective measures were not taken against the organised violence in the Bodo districts over several years. thoughtful and efficient officers.

Harsimrat Kaur Badal .Bangalore (South) 16.Deoria (Uttar Pradesh) 14.Sundargarh (Odisha) . Anant Geete .Lucknow 3. Sadananda Gowda . Uma Bharati .Rajya Sabha (Madhya Pradesh) 12. Minister Narendra Modi .Hajipur (Bihar) 13. Dr. Rajnath Singh .V. Ananth Kumar . Suresh Prabhu . Nitin Jairam Gadkari .Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh) 11. Ramvilas Paswan .☆ Ministers & their parliamentary (Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha) constituency : --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------1.Bangalore North (Karnataka) 10. Narendra Singh Tomar .Rajya Sabha (Karnataka) 6.Panaji 8. Venkaiah Naidu .Varanasi 2. Najma A. Maneka Sanjay Gandhi . Arun Jaitley .Rajya Sabha (Haryana) 9.Vizianagaram (Andhra Pradesh) 17. Sushma Swaraj . Heptulla .Gwalior (Madhya Pradesh) 20. Manohar Parrikar . Jual Oram .Pilibhit (Uttar Pradesh) 15.Vidisha (Madhya Pradesh) 4. D.Rajya Sabha (Gujarat) 5. Kalraj Mishra . Ashok Gajapathi Raju Pusapati .Raigad (Maharashtra) 18.Bathinda (Punjab) 19. M.Nagpur (Maharashtra) 7.

Thaawar Chand Gehlot . Harsh Vardhan .Rajya Sabha (Gujarat) 24.Purvi Champaran (Bihar) 22.21. Dr.Chandni Chowk (Delhi) . Smriti Zubin Irani . Radha Mohan Singh .Rajya Sabha (Madhya Pradesh) 23.