/

THE

RECORD:

DENTAL

JOURNAL

MONTHLY

DENTAL

LITERATURE,

SCIENCE, ART, AND

DEVOTED

TO

INTERESTS

THE

OF

VOL.

PROFESSION.

THE

XI.

LONDON;:
Published

THE DENTAL
6

TO

by

MANUFACTURING

10, LEXINGTON

STREET,
LONDON,

71a, GROSVENOR

W.

street.

COMPANY,LIMITED,
GOLDEN

SQUARE,

; and

MANCHESTER.

LONDON
:

PRINTED

BY

MOOli

J31iOS._,

ADAM8

LANE^

E.G.

INDEX
PAGE

Act.

Tasmania!!, Amendment

of the

Doiital

274
...

...

Mr.

Address,

W.

George

Watson's

Presidential

...

(Odonto-

Chiri!rgicalSociety of Scotland)
Address,

Mr.

Lloyd-Williams,

530

President's

Inaugural (Odontological Society)

"

I

President's

(Mr.

,,

Booth

145

Inaugural

...

...

115
...

...

...

P.arsall)

211

Valedictory (Odonto-ChirurgicalSociety)

,,

Alveolar

Notes

Abscess,

Amalgam,

Experiments

Dental

America,

"

and

Education

Dental

American

of, by Herbert

by

upon,

Contours

Ready

,,

Case

on

Amos

Kirby,

Crowns,

and

Anaesthetic,a Safe

H.

121

...

...

269
...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

...

of

80

...

the

...

Annual

on,

at

at

Bo!!rnemoi!th

Meeting

of the

British

357
,

.

...

...

...

Local

429
...

...

...

Disinfectants

used

in

...

...

Dental

Surgery, by

...

Savill

Hayward

536

Antiseptics,should

be

Used

for

Sterib'zing,What

by

?

Miller, M.D

Appliances
Arcana

...

59
...

...

.

and

534
...

...

47

Association

Antiseptics

L.D.S.

Legislation in

...

...

Anaesthetics, Discussion
Medical

433
...

...

Association, Transactions

Anaesthesia, Local

Bowtell

of

made

Society of Europe

"

R.

219
..

Artificial

40
...

...

New

...

W.

Teeth,

Balding,

E

Bellamy,

Death

are

...

Rushton,

Antiseptic

...

...

...

L.D.S

...

289, 344
333

...

...

they Necessary?

Death

Atkinson, Dr.,

...

..

a

Legal

...

...

...

...

...

...

Case

320

of

287
...

...

of Dead

Treatment

...

...

Teeth

159

,

Biggs, John

of Mr.

J., Diagnosis

Herbert

Breese, F., on

Edward

85

A., Valedictory Address

Blain, Edward
Bowtell,

D.

430,446

Fairfaxiana,by

Aristol,a

W.

R.,

Minor

on

of

Swellings

Alveolar

219
the

of

Jaws

246

Abscess

433

Surgical Operations...

Buxton, Di!dley, Is Dentistry

a

Dangerous

Profession

491
?

436

11.

DENTAL

THE

RECORD.
PAGE

of Mr.

Cartwright,Death

Samuel

468
46

for Toothache

Chloroform

T.

Clonston, Dr.

The

S.,

Hard

Palate, its Relation

193

Development

...

...

...

Experience with

Cocaine, an

Brain

to

...

...

...

94
...

by

"

"

...

...

W.

W.

...

...

..

256

Coon

293

in France
"

Death
Injection,

,,

Coffin,Death

Congress,Notes
Coon,

C.

of Dr.

from

478
...

...

96

R

Demonstrations

on

W.

256
...

...

...

93,285,380,468,009,572
36,310

and
Coysh, T., Irregularities

Dental

11

Medical

Council, General

Dall,WiUiam,

Williamson

W.

Correspondence

Method

a

their Treatment

97
...

J. S

of Mr.

Crapper,Death

Dr.

Berlin,by

at

Experiencewi+^^h Cocaine,by

an

...

...

...

of

144

PreventingDentures

Instruments, Alleged Robbery of
World's

...

Sli})ping

...

..

...

...

...

...

...

1

91

Columbian

"

Meeting, the

,,

College,National

,,

Association,British...

.

92

141,
...

...

383
...

...

...

Society,Edinburgh

Students'
,,

407

Cases

474

...

,,

Hospital,Manchester

Victoria
,,

...

...

87

...

...

Hospital,London

"

Dentine,Obtimding
Dentist's, Slander

283, 570

Sensitive
...

...

...

333
...

...

Case, a

Dentistrya Dangerous

235

Profession

? Is
...

A

...

436

...

Reply by

...

L.D.S.
.

Alleged Unskilful
of

Relation

Medicine

,,

Management

of

Primary

and

Surgery to, by

G.

W.
151

...

...

Dentures, Method

of

PreventingSlipping,by

William

Method

of

by
RetainingArtificial,

C. Reid

,,

503
88

M.R.C.S
Glassington,
Dentition

508

...

95
...

Dall, L.D.S.

2
203

...

...

DENTAL,

THE

RECORD.

111.
PAGE

Editorial

"

Ethyl

of

Bromide

in Dental

Dentists

the

General

Medical

408
and

Massage

in Dental

Methods

of

Hygiene

the Teeth

upon

and

Dental

and

280
.

Demography

284
.

Pathology

381
.

Diseases

322

...

Dentists

American

English and

.

282
.

Hospitalof

London

and

its Mechanical

Dental

The

Forthcoming Congress of Hygiene
of

and

The

International Journal

The

Management

The

OdontologicalSociety,Membership,

Department

Demography
Natural

Microscopyand

237

Science

as

a

Dental

Blue
143

...

185
...

Pathological Conditions of, by

Bone,

J. P.

Wilson

326

E. Gardner

Fillings,
Capping Osteo,by

4
...

after

46
...

of,with

Method

Herbst
"

Glass

Contour, Insertingwithout
Fillings,

Gaddes, Thomas,

Notes

Osteo

Garretson, J, E., System

Glasgow

Dental

Pipe

..

Dental

to

Gardner,E., on Capping

47
Matrix

514

Anatomy, Physiology,and

on

of Pain, in Relation

Blow

Pathology

Disease

337

Fillings

of Oral

4

Surgery

78
47

.

Hospital

277

...

Glasgow, Faculty of Physiciansand Surgeons of
Glassington,C.

W.,

on

Relation

of

Medicine

Dentistry
Glass,Herbst,
Godon,

M

Method

278,
and

Surgery

508

to

151
...

of

Fillingwith

Ch., Paris Letter,by

47
...

54
...

...

44, 429, 472

Gossip
Gum

283
571

Registers

Gasoline

283

...

Charities

of Dental

Ribbon

Pain
Filling,

470

...

Graduates

Dental

many

.

The

Ethmoid

42
.

ManipulativeTreatment

The

Council
.

Congress of Hygiene

International

too

86, 87

Play

at

Influence of Food

Not

Square

on
Representation

,,

143
.

Hospital,Leicester

Dental

Practice...

Work, Continuous,by Harry

Rose
.

.

.

...

481

THK

IV.

DENTAL

RECORD.
PAGE

Mechanical

Dentistry

Savill H.,

Hayward,
Dental

Word

A

Harper, L.T).S.,Guy,

On

Studends

to

...

...

the

on

...

Importance of
549

...

Antisepticsand

...

...

Disinfectants

used

in

Surgery

53G
Diseases

Holford, W.

S., Various

Hygiene

Demography,

and

that Affect

International

the

Teeth

49

Congress of

284, P)18

Iodoform
...

...

...

their

and
Irregularities

...

Treatment, by

T.

Jaws, Diagnosisof Swellingsof the^ by
JournaHstic

...

Coysh

"""

97
...

...

J. Blain

240
...

47, 240, 333, 474, 513,

Death

of Professor

of Fracture

Maxilla, Re.-3uction

...

...

Edouard

Memorabiba

Marshall, F.R.S.,

Mechanical

283

...

Dentistry,A

of

Word

John

83

Superior
Students

to

41
...

on

the

Importance of,

by Guy Harper, L.D.S
Medical

School, Charing
Horatio

Meriam,

C,

Specialty

549

Cross

on

Hospital

the

Miller,W.

Journal

Teeth

of

G. W.

our

579

...

...

of,by

...

Watson

114
...

of
Micro

283

The

...

Human

...

...

-Organism

...

D.D.S., M.l).,

Miller,W.D.,

on

...

...

Resources

...

D., D.D.S., M.D.,

(Review of)

and
...

...

Mesoplodon,Layardi,Histology of
Microscopy,International

508

Relations

...

...

the

of

...

Moutli

...

...

Mouth,

a

...

Focus

Method

Mouth, Human,
Minor
,,

452
of
as

Extracting Lower
a

Focus

of

Third

Infection,by W.

SurgicalOperationsabout

Newton, Ricliard Cole,
Second

75

of

Infection

Molars,

573

Dentition

on

ihe

334
D.

452
...

the, by

Physiology and

Miller

F. Breese

Pathology

191
...

of

the
'^^^^

S... .... of 211 . Britain.. London Society. 34... 550 Plates 477 UnregisteredPerson . ..the Hard.. 301. 530 Scotland Great 310 .. 72. .468 Surgery... Brain to (Review).... Development. President of 54 11)2 . 233.Bequest Pearsall. 168... Dentist Raid... .... Booth.. . Anaesthetic. the Case Odonto-Chirurgical Societyof the 271 . 129. Our.. 222. 78 319 Methods of Retaining Artificial Dentures in the Mouth 203 Reports of Societies Account " of Exhibits at British Dental Association 444 .184.285.Edinburgh The The Dental American Dental Hospitalof London. HoUaender. Dental Hospital... 66. Clouston T. E.(Cg H^o)as .. .THE DENTAL RECORD. Cli. . . 269 School of Dental 349 . 231. C. . Translated Godon.. Ludwig .. The Edinburgh The National Reviews Societyof Europe 407 .. 278 ...by Dr. V PAGE Obituary Oral 83.. 115.. 27.. 16.. by Association Dental British Prof...144... in its Relation Palate. of Branch Irish of . ... Congress of Hygiene OdontologicalSociety of of the 1891 Council.by J. . Garretson. . 181... 555 Royal Collegeof Surgeons. Goodman and 318 Demography . Discussion Anaesthetics on British Medical Meeting at General TherapeuticSection Association....319 . 133.. Annual General Meeting of Students' Dental the British Dental Association o85 . S.....D. Pental. ... . Address Baldwin H....287.. M.a System of..256. . W.. 193 by Parkin..M. Medical International in the General Annual 357 of Mrs. and Surgery London .239. by an Platinized Silver for Dental Prosecution .at Bournemouth.... Paris Letter. Dental Dental Students' Society Hospitaland College 407 566 75.

H. by E. . Williams. . Harry..519.. J. Work Gum Continuous on 4"sl . 563 324. 187.365....... Congress Conditions of 11 Ethmoid Bone 326 .RECORD. Wallace.. of Sim. Treatment of Dead. Holford 49 .. 239 by . of Manual Arthur..430. Amendment Act. Terms. . PAGE Rose. . Students' Hospital 72. Fairfaxiana Arcana William.. Williamson. 233... S. Society Odonto-Chirurgical Scotland. 289 . 142.575 Selections Dental London Society.. P.. DENTAL THE VI... " " " " 277.. 274 to Various Diseases Affect. 159 Balding " Turner. of 27. of College Royal Surgeons..446. . England Tasmanian 527 235. Notes on Pathological Distal " Wire and in " the " Mesial Berlin 502 Tieatment Teeth 241 ..... 181. Dr.. that by . . 231. Ireland 278. On Lloyd-. J. 409 Students' Supplement. 530 271... .. .. Use of '' Steel Wilson. Teeth.407 Edinburgh " 324 .. W. Rushton. . Irregularities Dental Misuse the On of of the Education....

XI. by drilling the jaw-bone. made to out.as for my something with than better not a diffidence rendering them subject that might anything relatingto seen LOWER some keeping osteology than careless difficulty against which not have it is as of is with indeed I you method practised by ordinary method and bacteriology. Glasgow. and before bring UPPER SLIPPING William President No.especially versed more this you consideration. been according A XI. in around from the bring anyone I could trouble you been good the denture. I shall us absolutely the serious indifferent it has two as you. 1st. mature amount Gentlemen sHpping forward. involve as it before long paper.D.S. A . intention patientsonly the to to it occurred see small consequences.. Cnntmnntrattnns. L. "rxgtnal A RECORD.* It " as discussion. fastened * VOL. has been upper Odonto-Chirurgical Society the that have this dealt denture method.The dental Vol. these caused or the jaw by pins two teeth two an results of the method. enter You may not to fasten reparativeprocesses occurring have it cause myself. JANUARY METHOD OF PREVENTING DENTURES FROM By Mr. the say overcome to patients have two may As my and I contend. Paper read you a In these unable my before in the will to of to now to judge sockets see. 1. very to bring more so yourselves. cf Scotland. 1891. patientsbefore with a I have me of the which lower with stepping-stoneto a general outline only bone but consideration your gold pinsto you. instruction. prove only confreres^are my may that no operators. method carried I have with. and immovable. me. enter of most of may lower and upper undertaken many or you. only for not you. is had task my helped method. It accompany is method holes simply either made : been been extracted. that I from dentures after I of in that in one it were assure can my it may care do but also help a enough for My perfect. Dall. way AND FORWARD. I trust give you this have this that me.

was denture a about extracted of this jaw DENTAL larger than Paint cocaine. gentlemen (patientshown). around being Of part to it saturated course great be drilled. upper The of mode Extract : modelling bite has that pins them.which of two or one slit in the it with to hence wide a will suitable. side be fixed the the and wax.the a solution solution. up the teeth. whereas frustrated.or they is to the each on pins teeth. again try a a with Koch's holes lower in the with are jaw to fasten drilled.than patientswith two these years. my plaster. drilled. be not too sure important most not disturb to vulcanise to It Having make to enough proceed the absorption.and right after These they it in the model impression. case operation.as are them the pin size then be to in the way. a place end more of centre successful. . mouth is that your we the most must the enter early lailures. and the properly adjusted . to be the suppose where case your of the centre procedure the been one " The teeth experience. and comfort dentures upper with w^orn perfect drill the preferto now to jaw-bone. take to exposed and for the but the enter jaw absorption takes however. ordinary the to canines. teeth following day firstbicuspidsor should this in sockets short.as upper so palatal. cases. possible.indeed as set extracted the is extracted gold pins to two that suitable. they may are and irritation. my where case in the some degree a After the the on the so jaw. where simpler and just as satisfactory even in this case. and In the third is the has bone been the jaw such In without were inserted the hole buccal and the on supply to for about two I place more have been the desired rule. In the inserted this of case RECORD.2 THE The lower months ago.and been I the on left in the pins are have as it sockets surfaces. generallyotherwise in about lady (patient shown). the different. months jaw. discretion long take all is the add perfectlystraight. and the in is very the the choosing the intended part and drill required depth.and is in teeth. When For as the cut fasten of have seeing that most two I traced error then where of apt are pins to point . this the denture a ultimatelythe pinsbecome that equally. as lower holes or pins absorptionseems labial palate plates.drill must be drill a be of to exercised method little right-anglehand-piece. model. it upper of extracted is nine drilled three day. however. 50 per cent. the after the week a and ago.

DENTAL general practiceby * See teeth.the Koch's in the as as table. but any to beware warned followingday and in drilled with of formation preparationsof jaws be may foramen mental drilled be may the upon the the between place any S RECORD.THE I would say Other symphysis. To give me before also of was sulted con- opinion sclerosed. day they former hurried inserted be dentures the on third day. ask. whom when all that was the I did not drillingof the this experiencein drilling is always harder whereas than the in the the it is lower right.but care before case wax and the impressionis jaw. venture time as that to alone all dentists.suppliedwith different a for into I syringed are pins placed in the with may indeed of patientsuppliedwith the third holes which Having antrum. place in takes least doubt but if this be in regard to after that operationto be you. the was the placeon with out in and satisfactory. what not operation. a next country. after the that the has been bone healing for of no On solution. the country. As me there a especially to of think have holes become will say with not I drilled ? have will does the reverse. A it 2 . results . I think you I do necrosis. to healing has set CertainlyI a careless and confidence one that the Very pins into any were in. asked time. No where I jaws. my the With method. Illustrations. of be said of the method of extracted Indeed. the left and than doubt quite that the walls of these circular the case. patientsfrom first case.* be must mouth-wash.. and the the part. taken case had six months jaw-bone mouthwash.as January. recommend matter My painful. patient's to return ago see that drilled the yet have as three years safety. more left the suspect of the upper and sclerosed. places altogetherdepends will you The from see upper piercethe to not floor of the patientis then composed of Koch's the If not purposes. for taken holes. I took sufficient patient and a he and surgeons. I might thoroughlysuccessful. that there is very little danger. was to this day.which put into the strumous eminent harder being sclerosed walls. solution. fear is any in especially not not thing. very jaw."c.and would lay this most our walls become little need the sockets hesitation. with done patient. the the and cold. patientfrom a little the inserted bad rightside generallya the in I have unusual any of you some she day the on or pivots. lower without and jaw were at least. finishing. in with insertingdentures be may say that will the done if this method show.

which contrivance in adopted successfully the sure in and shew sections. extracted.* E. Hospital. other the If the palates. for by be inserted jaw in the upper.It operator. but the in. which other I received indebted bone. years and with worn come over- glycerine. three which acid illustrations. . that Paper read before has if osteo the no doubt be put Students' come into a under crown Society. prepared lower we made would cases carried were upper our DENTAL THE privilegethis evening of reading believe. has may practical a otherwise. and practices. Since will another satisfaction. and patient catching cold.London a paper the the life of an observation cavityof Dental a on a tooth. ultimatelydisappear. every have to safelydrilled be also are taken were in able I will up with Here teeth the following day. dentures. sockets now Cambridge. for him and his I am courtesy his contrivance. principally lower. used its descriptionsattached. will suppose for RECORD. method ordinary osteo of every * A three upper. our feel with teeth. and I in the lower. FILLINGS. an one the and commencing ten in and supply to cases some now been with jaw edentulous last week. which edentulous bone I have would we the drillingO" method.will considerably prolong filling. it the idea of the where out. into inflammation did diluted consideration. I have which. patient or that set him.4 difficult our without dentures This which This drilled the inferior dental models few a These in cases fifteen shew the its the I will read letter have a sight of By President Mr.seven I have cases pins entering the will the are preparations by syringingwith I denture a you from and you. It is also success.to with carbolic the shew running through inserted you will pins canal of extracted devised owing perhaps to pain. suppuration quickly was and I have ago. may cut structure be jaw. and method all. and the been in the about OSTEO CAPPING have shown where means societywill always lettingus of which with of the age it. method without certainly from to his causes. Gardner.through In show perhaps give dentures this only. Mr. of worthy drill the cannot one of Lennox. Gentlemen.

cervical pieceof until down cavity. should and a intended were interstitial an the cavity for treat where matrix is the cervical edge is employed.or in this fitted to gum.in to short a a time edges afforded is the least the edges. should same passed off in with undercut an not case plane.and edge soft metal the matrix. in many that exposed conditions. and cavity. cervical In plane. below of seen making be trimmed that. if there long strip of such slightlywedged approximate tooth. soft be left to should interstitial an where cavities No. thickness. the as metal attrition entirelyprevented the . osteo which. the an the on the gum. or.owing the at of abnormal secretions. filled with be approximate tooth. slightly a edge cavity a in the impressionis taken. osteo away contact the to cavity the cervical worn is in portion which to have to cases. of should are gutta-percha below plane slightly a edge convenient any hold . and it of with contact well If the as the is exposed edge. 3. interstitial an But the gum. wax. them.the small of the a the model.to But ordinary trimmed be in the prepared an gutta-perchaor should all the be insert to cavity. if necessary. Then. same particularlyin more extends the at impression an avoid cavity. by similar to extend the to food.and the wood an lingual percha gutta- or matrix taking of the burnished be projectbeyond the a it is held of the margin between other shape of instrument bent and cervical all a cases into margins and the impression the of the form of a cavities .the the material edges^ in order of the cavitymay be To obtain cavity.is great extent.should of edges it should cap. and of be found. THE a thin it. placed between impressionin cervical a approximate interstitial cavities.when off in same filling. against with a the the free ends labial while flat be While Herbst and matrix. taking the the below the or when cavity.to it of particles decomposing of secretions access with protection crown and quicklyperishes.to in portion overlapping should of the matrix should of the teeth with spatula to edges. plasterof . To a as if it manner It should of then below the the be left in position. the For near metal or and it fit the be it in cervical wedge. especiallyif is washed be osteo contact away. be extent platinum. In the to attrition. covered by of food with is. taken the the overlaps the edge slightly positionwhile two interstitial an into cut a piece of position. a obviated. because shape concave the it will 5 RECORD. mainly owing cap DENTAL .

set. half-way through. the remainder a placed in positionagain. will be be other the on been unable the margin. being cervical trimmed the close to. In taken.6 Paris should may. sawn double It should teeth opposite side should will bite in interstitial dividing saw. able condition.on A thin The them.before a positionin itself when obtained is used from taken be be not usually shew halves two matrix noted and the that plaster should impression should the matrix of the taking the impression. opposing placed in being sharper small a filled. made slightpressure a impression. that so double mouth in in used were obtained mouth.it the in sealed and impression. Then of of tray in order side given be an to impressionof little defects the small cases. should margin away whole the these model passed between. the taken of the . but If any be to the models of the small a much if the its impressionof an placed together . A is secondly. cervical It is also on should be The the better in matrix should be of gum.a since to If or modelling compositionsmay But would little a the withdraw to impression. should solution correct margin fullyexposed. by being and the just at matrix the small of. DENTAL THE a to it out. to accelerate use used be is thus advantage impression . been for cast. that be should minimum a is substance this and amount side of that be filled.a guide model. should amount or. fully exposed by packing edge only exists. the with small all other In whatever used. therefore. sloppy a withdrawn successfully the first. are and model tooth the portionof beginning it from should be utilized for may either it is case easilyaccessible of discomfort obtain setting of a matrix into in to to the manipulated it is desirable the be wax selected. the be teeth the passed down the saw cases. antagonistic cavity.any plasterimpression. cases. model can cases now be will be and the cervical the margins cavities of where for and. except perhaps in be patient. that with a a thin In cavitywill the cervical various these cervical seen seen has edge reasons. on foregoing method.and especiallyif a plasterimpression has of the be doubt be be overlapped by to the tooth teeth the by may be now may to one be only articulator. A in the be that in order and for accuracy both withdrawn be possible. should alum should which plaster. by ensuring : than time shorter much a moment amount required to place it in position. if any the the cavities. if of to used. soap. potash the be RECORD. models taken be ma}^ the on be broken in order When a be be painted removed.sufficient guide to trim freelytrim a the . Any seen.

the of crown troublesome to the tooth on the model should tooth a in every will often involved. should and be gold retain a of the Depots.and extent difference 4. which of and with at be be to made it is set. of it out. Immediately undamaged. the over the to allow to in. been the and French The large. the bite and the edges may have be cut will this required. be equally as almost be low mainly depending that it may tray.THE the because model. be to quickly are which should be taken of that The struck. and. interstitial an other. or. should a plate for constructing the in thickness order clean caps is best model the fuses that fissures the up polishedwith be of the of manipulate special tray is in Apparatus. fine a portionof of the the in the with fine as means obtained be from by mixing by purpose filled chalk French made can for this used well mouth. each edge filled up approximate should wax away without direction after the soon to the contour in be the edge be now should model the turn if it be and. which rubber equal parts the at clay. temperature. be this will be found Dies amount soft sufficiently be and of colour gold. articulated metal should wax outlined cap extended excavated. in the If the and mouth." and impressionshould cap which strength required. adjustingthe of pressure required as DENTAL the bag. fits the composition lead. the 3 and gold 22-carat of the thicknesses convenient the size of the on the perfectfreedom tend carious any the to striking. or wax in fillingin the thickness for tooth important. way. and the .and facilitate the The Nos.and placed over of be bismuth. opposing teeth. cap. and in. since any touching breaking operation.as metal he is t^ should cap for its Not less than retain its colour edges burnished. an which over just after tin. . clayimpressionshould should be tooth it. with approximate cavities. most are caps pattern ascertain foil to in lead " A over the Where overlap slightlyall to . whereas The cavityof contoured the position. the used to white Clay Modelling the of on striking the for dusting the waxing now this mouth the raise the to to neglect of soft platinum may objectionable. poured removed some following linen ring. The outside metal.the is cleared lead the cavity on struck the make model.and move wax of the halves two of two case be with will bend cap it would the relation of the certain as 7 RECORD. chalk. too contour of will its omission . when It is also allow to to be them of down and placed together it . in the appearance utilized. of the cavity.

since placed at ring may annealed. thickness be made as as by .before couple placed with down should it into rounded are hard a this. it oval or quite ring. which the osteo and corner the (2) to . however. DENTAL THE dental for alloyor making of a certain platinum springs. Any be should now filed be of should fail to now cases where the retention surface be of the be filled by filed into shape the upon The (i) the cap or of a cap to the The used tooth The edges of side the of and contour. space to the cap it fit the fit.or now edges be more may and slightblows few a model. consist should tag required. It wire may of number of the same conveniently spokes. and curtailed. to prevent of process has ing spring- burnishing the edges of the tooth.the a dies successive second corrected bottom strikingof roughly into strain the facilitate the and which obtain To some been perfect. teeth. fillingcontoured more rigidity.the natural a tend may on positionwith struck model.by bevelling them as cap make dies. cold a upon after impression. and and be the as piece oi possible. should be little put but cap osteo for the into during tag.it unnatural an the plate. will first die has up a Two surface. be French with the successfully . after being shape a the counter-die edges or corners bent be now of such by knocking edges placed in be should should die When by in water. (3) to grip every from curl reproduced unless be them. metal. small when die then whole the tooth after the drier composition. and cap again.and the cap.which will thus the below cap. a cap. depressionin require. may fit the to the die should form. The cap off.one the then burnished has existed would food. contour a rubber should same and a clay is are into poured by pressingthe the the ring the of metal be of The chalk. threefold a give the use " of it whole them edge. any^excess to on cap between again struck. if counter-die. is hold to may solderingto masticatingsurface. second the cap In model. thickly filled up be cooled shaped punch.b by placingit die cooled the it been cold be should dusted the rubber To be removed should placed over with a round a concave it is to readilybe be struck made whose rivettinghammer. same into fit to necessary RECORD.the After set. it into pouring wood. favouring two to the the masticating size. knocked surface cap its . may it has more cast.of that the the the filed from between between thicknesses small ready now the the from If.to that thin as the on pliersand giving the outside.

should doubtful the fixed. pieces of more crossinga be DENTAL a an be convenient adjustment at the . the will After extent.and Gold for spoilingthe edges form edges requiring support.it to which cap and cap obtainea to be tried and. which its show in cleaned be it with the on can bees' No. about of the pressed into positionin be smoothed. that the with the the shallow cavities. and The other. purpose. edges this in difficulty ends of the or of the here the acquainted wire loops. In tag has been stone. should to are mixed cavityof to the tooth ejectormay otherwise. tooth in the consistency. to near 9 RECORD. other rather be worked into than the into of the edges the in thus wax.the fit the to tag is shallow sufficientl}^ are roughened be ready now Care with contact itself to the can when finally. w^orking. and. The the from cases. in to thus spokes the at silver it should that cavity. by stoning adjustin dried with a taken wine. should to extend with cavity. pumice.and cap osteos for those and when into " lathe a i Water with of paste the be the and be fine a lower with the fairlythick. which and One jaw. who part of it. and of the the by cavity. sandpaper. and in limits if much the the of operator. extent of the points prevent obtained these should of ends solder. acid. manipulating of be being burnished edges now fixed before but mouth.THE soldering one or centre should adjusted to soldered the be used I should only real on this account. and each to near the cap.taking pains to get but taken being The caps. portion of be must tooth. become the cap. the coming touching them ascertained the avoid prevent be that loops to it evidently most very be cap. finallysetting. with it with or mouth. and and sufficient distances at themselves mould surface pieces. if the caps the most slow setting ones. immediately conveyed burnisher fillingit This cavity. the thoroughly required. plasticbefore very should osteo saliva convenient especiallythose moments the the on amadou. which. " Ayr A and rouge The spiritsof is cap the finallyfixed. should of is best be high polish is desired^with a of assistance the tag may polishedby brushing margins the caps. mention of the cap. and the excess. care is present. fixed are any exact to wax running construction fixed o*' the by v/arming the cause small adjustment proper successful be loops it should Afterwards. should the piece at right angles. cap an in are more a few the perfectly dry. that should then pressed with position.

10

The

cervical

edge

first.

the

cap

held

bodily

the

tooth

before

of

the

will

be

the

edges

should

quite legitimate to

grind

fit

to

completion

inadvertentlyraised

be

and

away

burnished

are

If after the

completely set.

has

bite

quickly cleared

be

positionwhile

in

operation the

should

excess

the osteo

,

RECORD.

DENTAL

THE

it
little,

a

corresponding portion off

a

the

antagonizing cusp.
From

the

it might
filling,
The
whole

greater part of the
time

The
for

consumed

value

example,
the

her

means

the

method

teeth

is not

the

of

weak

the

useful

pulp

in those

of such

without
where

much
osteo

form

a

that

the

be

used, owing

with,

hard

is where
suflficient

is most

; and

extremely

and

be retained

fillingcannot

in all other

cases,

it is also
sensitiveness,

extreme

to

exceedingly

this method

both

tissues

that

painfulencroachment

a

are

metal

a

painfulcutting of
must

kind

a

and

point of view,

and
filling,

without

the tissues

nor,

such

In

cost.

this

extirpation.Again,

its

possibly

nor

is,therefore,obvious

metal

a

obtained

cavities where

sensitive,and

and

of

case

a

support

be

without

or

It

can

gold filling
;

artistic

an

Take,

translucent

blue

cavities,frequently met

to

retainingpointscannot
on

in

bicuspids. What

labour

quicklyfail.
is in

soft

contour

the

worth

be

class of

too

are

the

and

greater than

patient'shealth

large

a

described

Another

walls

ot

reallyis.

typicalcase.

a

upper

the

permissiblefrom

I have

valuable.

in the

Neither

?

in

seen

girl, with

nervous

osteo, unprotected, would
the

is best

permJt

may

amalgam

case,

it

work-room,

is not

operating chair

method

here

perhaps,may

in the

is done

large cavities

four

treatment

method

this

of

given

filling.

delicate

a

have

longer operationthan

a

work
the

at

of this

teeth, shewing
be

be

to

appear

ordinaryaverage

an

I
description

detailed

valuable.
I have

Although

cavity extends
Before

have

somewhat

forming

endeavoured
of

method,

the

always

mastication, and
the gum,

and

in

the

the

opinion
describe,

advantages

almost

in
to

your
to

the

to

of
be

a

front

them

for molars

caps

be useful

to

for
the

teeth, especiallywhere

lingualsurface.
as

to

the

I would

obtained

the

durabilityof
ask

perfect contour,

in contact

fillingI

permission to
which

from

being

with

the

driven

cervical

remind
this

by

may,

restoringa
by perfectly

preventing food

decomposing

of the

use

shew

experiencemay

interstitial cavities

many

you

further

a
bicuspids,

and

chieflyreferred

tooth

down

for

upon

portionof the

filling.I

would

also

point

I would
the

also ask
shield

In

the

of

have

you

given

deficiencies in my

any

protect

to

osteo

I

conclusion, Gentlemen,

attention

of

capable

metal

regard the

to

to

attempt
and

improvement,

to

to

appear

found

points.

describe

can

only

a

will

you

pardon
is still

which

process

interestingby

made

be

for the

thanks

my

hope

and

to

result.

to

but
filling,

the

as

express

paper,

my

not

cap

its weak

beg

cap

if they
of filling,
principles

chief

disadvantage is
practical

no

you

would

thus

cavity, and

the

of the

one

properly burnished

are

as

with

discordant

some

that, although the edges of the

out

of

overlap the edges
slightly

U

RECORD.

DENTAL

THE

demonstrations.
practical

ON

NOTES

BERLIN

THE

AT

DEMONSTRATIONS

THE

CONGRESS.*
Dr.

By
I
the

just put together

HAVE

that

hope
The

they

few

a

notes

interest those

may

School

Dental

Williamson.

in

the

who

furniture,such

dental
was

pitythat

a

the

to

and

for the

was

various

The

great crush

anaesthetic

the

a

letter

to

The

is

translation

of

seemed

give

a

perhaps intended
youth

of

about

*

the
to

come

narcosis

to

As

of

one

impossibleto

regard

made

in

considerably from

the

not

want

pleased,

he

where

and

when

It

indeed.

in getting patientssuitable
difficulty

Read

to

Dr.

have

a

any

in

accurate

the

of

up

profound, and
"

by

late

as

ago
many

such, that

were

the

Stunning by

descriptionof

translator.

long

as

anaesthetist,remarks,

conditions

twenty, struggled and
before

Leeds,

conclusions
satisfactory

German,

the

taken

London

journals,the

more

by

been

Silk,a

certainlynot

paper

of

such, by Nunnely

as

Ethyl,

of

of Bromide

exhibition

the

Room,

Anaesthetic

and

Extraction

the

fact of

seems

dentists.

German

in

was

first used

which

and

1849,

tent

the

operations.

owing, probably, to
an

of

deal

good

a

suffered

pitchedhis

demonstrator

there

they

as

good

operating chairs,very
was

very

a

lighted,and

well

rooms

systematic arrangement

some

demonstrations,

of it ; each

the

as

seemed

Strasse

Dorotheen

conveniently arranged building, the

present.

not

were

in

demonstrations,

the

on

One

in

it

regard

was

it

Enghsh

curious

Bromide

to

in

of

Ethyl,"

its effects than

was

patient,for example, a

plunged about,

called

Odonto-Chirurgical Society of Scotland.

out,

12

"

Halten

sie ; "

sie,halten
"

I could

that

help thinking

not

demoralising

to

said he

certainlypreferredgas

much

in the

which

is raised

within

the

safe

its

other

anaesthetic
was

the

have

the

the

patient having

grasping the forcepswith

the

rather

towards

round

the

forcepsare

In

the

head

is not
of

on

to
so

one

method

German

the

necessary

better

view

there
Curtis
of

showed

end

perhaps, only

great

extent, that

for
may

the

perhaps
local

to

new

an

being

successful
be

obtained,

anaesthesia
methods

in

Berlin

are

but

from
the

the

widest

tactile
of

seeing a
case

a

nozzle

the

few

of

the

the

left
the

towards

the

the

joint,

the

on

method

thumb,

tooth.
the

"

tion
posiresting

which

sense

by

any

A

better

cases.

dentine,

Americans.

to

is

operation.

sensitive

pieceof tubing
with

or

apart, is sufficient

apparatus for employing nitrous-oxide

fitted with

of

possibleto

not
certainly

exhibited, both

leather-cased

back

outstretched

the

position of

performance

might judge

pressure

the

they

attaching a strong

other

of

the amount

as

handles, near

handles, just

two

were

the

where

a

the

country,

directed

thumb

with

if one
results,
practical

Passing

the

thorough control, and

to

the

at

this

close

as

combined

rate

extraction

right side, puts

the

arm,

any

alone.

gas

thiit was,

and

In

such

destroy,at

was

only

him, pushed,

under

of the

The

from

on

the

lead

farthest

held

or,

of
difficulty

operation of

many,

being

backwards, and,

being

"

results

bent

right arm

control

fingers to

used

saw

himself.

with

in the

well

partly between

and

blades, resting on

helpingthe

the

handles

situated

probably

operator stood

head

stands

presume,

head,

the

and

body,

blades

always, I

operator
arm

the

drew,

I

to

The

teeth.

the

partialuse.

of the

matter

quite novel

been

upper

that

valve

a

flannel

will

compound,

nature

w^ith

given

this fact of its not
with

a

question,
It is

of untoward

number

rate, very

any

very
of

paragraph appeared

; and

stable

general

a

removing

chair,the

at

or,

pain.

be

my

Ethyl.

piece of

a

a

ago,

deaths

a

as

point in

must

of

manner

of

one

itself which

it

keeping

abandonment,

There

on

supposed, combined
originally

obtaining and
to

of

to

facepiecebeing used,

a

weeks

including several

would

reply

Bromide

Journal^ giving a great

was

as

few

in

Busch,

liquiddropped

A

opening.

its use,

from

the

and

ether,

as

way

Medical

British

so

same

felt any

exhibition

an

the

to

had

minute

a

unprofessionalcompanion

or

Prof.

patientin private practice.

if he

asked

such

chaperone

any

half

quite conscious,

when

but

nichts," when

Gar

later,ejaculated

RECORD.

DENTAL

THE

gas,
the

by

Dr.
means

bottle,the

tap for directingthe

jet of

THE

It seemed

gas.

owing

the

to

the operator

but

here

The

but

that

how

extraction
Dr.

of

filled with

teeth, one

Mr.

metal

pipe with

until

the vapour

it

the

at

I have

is

very

tried it

in any

on

the

of

matter

Germany,

was

an
filling

of

gold.

Then

a

the

there

not

Leeds,

there

were

few

seconds

excavator,

an

faith

some

and
patient,

as

with

of

way

in

Since

coming

in its

efficacy

canine,

cervical

strong hold

certainlya
of

cost.

very
Mr.

the

demonstrated

finishing with

wall,and

of

tin

which
glass filling,

Mr.

to-night.
work,

by

entirelyto
both

a

question

a

method

new

such

not

"

the

was

The

the

student,I think, who

a

it

with

with

mallets.

taken

by

cavityof
the

at

the

crown

various

incisor

an

distal

a

was

crown,

on

hand

have

to

probably there

demonstrated

Richmond

known

a

flame

Having

acted

my

pieceof

in the

for

a

prevents

fine

a

demonstrations

were

used, except

see

using amalgam

himself
well

cork

of the kind.

occasions, but

seems

approximal in

of

method

In

I did

place, but

Biggs has

into

with.

scraped

improved mechanical, and

will

in

Brunton,

slipped

passes

held

is

tube

is heated

is then

case

there
fillings,

gold combination, which

suitable

end

invention,

metal

rubber

a

to

was

strong.

Bon
electric,
and

is the

piece of

canines, I

my

the

and

which

of

which

proceeded

good

few

a

idea

bulb

feelingwhen

the

it used

see

of

neck

closed

nozzle

being

dehydration,"

"

be

to

alcohol,and

which

excavation

the

the

end, and

the

The

off.

passes

parts

home

In

closed

a

conclusion

;

the

with

understand.

small

with

it,and

on

A

loose tooth

a

combined

proper

cavity,and

saturated

bulb

a

cavity,and

I did not

not

the

of

the

over

sensitive dentine

instrument,

Boston.

with

certainlyremoved

but

on

wool

of

well

very

to

of

Small,

relief

to

escaping. Through

vapour

sensitive

both

of alcohol

larger tube

the

said

operationwas

attached?

all

going

conditions

its

off very

quieter

no

but

used,

comes

gas

from

a

little

a

being

tooth,prevented

cannot

showed

cotton

somewhat

the

apply

can

vapour

believe,of

in

of

the

it

saw

painlessextraction

unfavourable

of
principle

Niles

apply the

for the

I

case

where

the blast

keep

to

same

looseness

formed.

the

the

only

there

bursts,and

also used

was

in the

of those

one

unable

again

extreme

I

sudden

was

It

being

13

RECORD.

well

answer

bottle

in
irregularly,

mouth.

to

DENTAL

Dr.

R.

W.

and

crown

sides

there

of

points of

the

was

a

of

demonstration

putting

Starr,of Philadelphia,who
bridge work,
Atlantic

interest

in

in that
the

whose

and

name

connection.

methods

fines
con-

is
As

employed, I

14

THE

hope

will

you

pardon

The

operation.

cavity,having
The

operator

back

teeth, and

without

its

foi

me

tooth

was

that

stated

he

also that

The

teeth

palatal,with

thin

discs,and

usual

Then

taking

somewhat

less than

carbolic

in

acid

little

the

and

tried

incline

believe

that

free

the

at

than
of

and

access

entrance, this is
the

Chicago, a

where
left

he

tried

him,

much

in

as

the

instead
it

of

opposite

cut

was

twisted
of

cutting it

portion thus

the

wire

pieceof

being

coin

placed on

the

fit tightly. It

being

also

Bunsen

the

The

taken

filed concave,

slightly.Having
to

then

been

was

then

A

placed on

superfluousplatehaving

cases

patients

for

damages.
conditions

pulp cavity are

wire

is the

The

pletely
com-

root

was

usual

direction

American

the

One

collar.

gum

other

inch,

an

and

gauge,

placed edge

to

This

edge, and
then

was

forced

piece of plateof

the

the

top, held

a

been

trimmed

by

bent

was

was

same

clamp

up

off,the cap

sides

down

thickness

was

to

outwards

ground

and

a

about

edges bevelled,the
edge

the

of the ends
of

adjustment, was

off,the

books,

straightenedout,

handle.

ends

but

way,

in the

one-sixteenth

the

The

lev^el.

gum

in the

ends

about

the

the

to

again placed in position,it

the level of the stump.
collar

with

little

while

Harlan,

the

the

crown.)

down

flame,forming
a

painful,

discs,bevelling especiallythe

off,the

cut

root, and, after
was

of

29

have

you

Dr.

action

and

the

divided

by

results

less

broach.

and
filling,

convenient

a

because

an

pulp

of

the

shortened

gold, number
the

in

the

lap,which

forming

was

for

cases

taken

it and

to

one-eighth inch wide,
soldered

the

at

(Since

the

twice,and

majority of

with

ground

then

was

to

dipped

off.

twisted

or

the

him

not

down

experienceof half-a-dozen

corundum

was

root

then

nerve

a

that

excision

the

dently
tap, producing evi-

method,

his

when

and

secondary deposit,especially

by

result

whittled

single-rootedtooth

better

gave

end

once
a

pain

any

excising forceps in

smart

a

from

removal

ago,

than

palatalportion,which
of the

in

free

probably

entirelywith

diameter

where

the

were

exposed,

one

with

threatened

favourable

less

trimmed

time

some

These, however,

peg,

this method

of

it,with

and

an

of

sides,labial

pulp canal, the point was

home

much

a

ordinaryone
short

with

hickory

canal

pulp

a

off

off

cases

hardly

both

on

distal

a

in

except

off with

cut

of the

broken

corner

arsenic

nicked

cut

a

distal

projectingend being

I have

to

be

may

was

driven

pain, the

used

size of the

coming home,
me

the

never

tooth

with

right-centralincisor

a

detail

minute

somewhat

giving a

exposed pulp, and

an

use.

way.

RECORD.

DENTAL

as

soldered.

finished

wooden

plug, the

out

by

thought

that

the

along

been

having
the

iridium

fitted

then

front,the

whole

there

no

was

of

To

soldered.

position,the
time

to

minutes

the

hour

was

sufficient for most

the

closely.
which

A

To

the side of
the

on

spur

tooth.

sound

ready-made

other

gold

band

one-eighth Of

this,the

tooth

crowns,

another

was

of

that

so

The

tooth,

plasterand
oxyphos-

pressing

into

up

hole.

vent

that

stated

few

a

follow

been

detail

the

so

fit the canine

to

the width

shown

soldered

with

was

back

I

a

simultaneously

on

of the
of

demonstration

which, however,

had

the root

being

side,resting againstthe

There

mouth,

and

made

inch

backed

in

gold

made
authority,

to

was

an

the

ordinary cases.

able

not

was

the

in

carried

was

gold
nicelyfitting

very

sound, about

in front.

1

soldered,and

Baldwin's

well-known

demonstration

just mentioned,

one

was

a

this

of

end.

lateral incisor,where

tooth, a

one

it

that

so

cap,

to

to

he
operation,

Melotte, of Ithaca, another

platinum-

a

requiring a

not

such

cap

wax

asbestos

pack

not

the

of

The

aid

in the

used

for

an

of

the

was

done

of

always

up.

overlapping

oozing out readilyand

an

As

pin

Starr

did

stated

whole

in the

hole

beginning

Dr.

the

default

neck

mixture

a

crown.

he

required

extracted.

small

in

put

which

bridge of

with

the

cap,

who

through it,opposite

require

adjustment being

then

excess

over

Dr.
small

the

to

the

attach

phate cement,

in

off,the

cap

apical

me,

driven

forced

not

impressiontaken, from

pin were

and

As

the

did

to

remove

the

pin,the end,

permanent

a

the

of

literally
displacedor

been

was

pressedthrough

tightlyin place,and

was

it had

as

piece of gold wire,

then

was

soon

as

was

to

remains

for the

light

new

a

sharp point

a

position. Taking

retain

cap,

A

pulp

practicewas

pulp, as

put on,

one,

held

tooth

the

the

quite

"

invariable

canal.

root

was

with

peg,

remain

to

stating that

the

the

deep enough

out

allowed

being

peg

operator

knocked

peg

the

of

canal, with

root

drilled

then

was

peg,

however,

also

The

ready for adjustment.

and

15

RECORD.

DENTAL

THE

a

central,

adjusting

merely caught

a

glimpse.
The

as
usual, attracted
operationof implantation,

introducer,Dr.

its

as
especially

Younger,

was

the

great attention
operator.

operation has, unfortunately,a

sort

there

the part of its exponents

to that.

any
crown

to

seems

I do

rate

he

was

of which

be
not

a

tendency

that

suppose

induced
had

on

to

crumbled

use

it
a

was

of

Dr.

was

to
to

it, and
pander

Younger's choice,but

bicuspid tooth

off" and

side

sensational

The

of

a

replaced by

mummy,
a

crown

at

the

of

a

1()

THE

tooth

natural
say,

of that

was

measured

of

Dr.

I

as

deep

The

cement.

brown

colour

There

could

exception

is

be

Younger himself,and

finds in teeth

no

possiblereason

it seemed

taken

be

might

scarcely

whose

quite

is

age

its use,

for

scientific

a

the very

to

be

to

presumably

which

I need
itself,

root

one

was

just stated,and

have

operation which

an

no

by

centuries.

by

except

case,

attached

RECORD.

DENTAL

tion
degrada-

a

this

In

one.

manipulationsof

neat

regarded

redeeming

the

as

feature.
Of

mechanical
of

Cunningham,
demonstration
shown

him

of

Though

not

closing,that
seemed

low

a

be

to

the

of

most

THE

of

on

the

in the

The
Mr.

W.

Dr.

A.

minutes

of

W.

had

Harris, lo,

the

abled
en-

process
in

perhaps add,

may

Air.

Mummery

section.

dental

of

OF

GREAT

the

above

BRITAIN.

held

Society was

Felix Weiss,

L.D.S.Eng.,

admitted

was

Kilburn,

membership

to

balloted

was

confirmed.

and

read

were

for

and

elected.

Street, Dublin,

i8, Lower

FitzWilliam

Cavendish

Place, London,

W.,

and

nated
nomi-

were

membership.

for

The

Baker,

of

languages

of Members.

L.D.S.Eng.,

Rouw,

his

since

been

understand
I

Dr.

seen.

SOCIETIES.

previous Meeting

Fisk, L.D.S.,

J.
W.

the

official

in the

President, Mr.

full attendance

a

T. W.

Mr.

The

chair,and

Wynne

Mr.

OF
SOCIETY

December.

has

micro-photographsby

ordinary Monthly Meeting
1st

all the

be

himself, in

to

which

gum,

appreciatedfeature

most

ODONTOLOGICAL

The

nearly all

his auditors

REPORTS
"

of

little to

was

demonstration,

exhibition

the

porcelain

knowledge

clinical

a

the

heat

His

make

to

it

Cambridge, having

Exeter.

at

there

dentistry proper

presented to

Storer

Mr.

Curator,

the

ancient

three

museum

old

pair of forceps,an

Bennett, reported that

elevator, and

Phillips
old

instruments, viz.,an
double-action

a

Mr.

with

key

a

handle.
Mr.

Truman

Eruption
little

of

a

read

Tooth

Canine

girl,aged six, and

below

the

years

ago,

The

chin.
she
about

had
a

casual

a

had

communication
the

under
a

the

diphtheria very

permanent
case

was

badly-

fortnight after,the

The

Chin."

left lower

history of

on

lower

"A

Case

patientwas
canine

jaw

she

began

a

erupted

that,three
When

of

or

was

to

four
valescent,
con-

swell

THE

uniformly and
Soon

after

and

teeth

were

Subsequently,however,

four

burst, leaving sinuses,

from

Three
the
a

of these

of

given

in

appearing in
the

him

the

right
of

two

another
and

in

lid.

the

skulls

shown.
was

tooth

the

jaws

and

One

the

The

Mr.
had

a

case

erupting into
tooth

at

the

removed

was

position. So

could

that

of
of

had

In

this

an

told
porary
tem-

a

orbit,and,

far

so

In

removed.

was

a

through

taken

jaw

of

a

and

half.

a

White

Wiltshire,

child

in which

; the

portion

that

number

a

from

inverted

small

right lower

recollected

be

Charters

Mr.

the

at four

erupt

it would

canine

were

there

tv;oth had

of

the

not

root

had

years

ago

pointed downwards.

wished

to

Westminster

three

patient'sage

the

through

say that

Hospital of

The

nostril.

for the tooth

account

incisors

eruption

left

a

museum

Matheson

tumour

to

and

crown

Smale

Morton

the

coming

lower

crown

the

Mr.

in

prehistoricman,
was

; the

developed.

this

of

; also

Carver, of Cambridge, a boy, six

presidency of

of them

pierced the jaw

they

said

later,

mentioned

in the

Cousins.

the

commenced

partially
developedlower

a

been

had

of

Ward

canine

a

Bennett

year

Dr.

Mr.

skull

a

nostril.

of

care

old,had

Storer

during

the

Truman

showed

encysted

away.

months

superior lateral

the

understand,

came

Society's
museum

also

was

which

of

become

could

This

Mr.

had

under

case

that

one,

the

down.

; these

chin

bone

Mr.

book, viz.,both

into

the

fourth,eighteen

appeared.

quiet

to

on

necrosed

the

There

tooth

cases,

half years

a

eye

Smale

had

not

17

was

The

18.

or

important thing

becoming inverted,and

far Mr.

canine

permanent

a

The

nostril.

four

or

was

presentingitself
with

met

in
.

who

anyone

explain it.
satisfactorily

Mr
tooth

F. Newland-Pedley

through

Mr.

lipand

Wm.

the

Hern

patient several
tooth.

mentioned

that

stated
now

times,
The

Newland-Pedley.

that

In

nostril.

cle''t palate,was

misplaced
Mr.

which

now

nostrils.

canine

Truman

Mr.

as

the

pustules appeared

deal

good

a

seemed

matters

from

Salter's

Mr.

left canine

to

pus,

Royal College of Surgeons

upper

of

extracted,liberatinga quantity of

wisdom

lower

a

pus.

canine

permanent

specimen

case

while

healed,

left lower

of

separated, when

sequestrum

a

17

RECORD.

formed, discharging

abscess

an

two

DENTAL

case

a

little

about
was

the

case

attending
and

having

removed

patient had

a

canine

hare

a

the subjectof
patient,
the

six

similar

hospital. He
months
to

that

ago

had

removed

mentioned

lip.
hare
seen
a

by

18

THE

The
him

wearing

She

had

teeth

J. Colyer

F.

erupted underneath

had

no

a

of

anterior

wall

lyinghorizontallyon

the

jaw.

They

in

the

Inasmuch

as

Mr.

of

model

he

had

model

a

lateral.

Mr.

tooth

the
he

out

its socket

of

W.

Mr.

H.

occurred

in

growing

up

the

above

and

in

the

the

and

able

to

J. O.

of, and
It

was

that

was

J. AcKERY

Mr.

not

use

in

where
the

two
cases

the

the

mouth

the

give

a

device

which

on

any

there

canine

a

arch,

growing quite

time

70

of

or

80.

consulting

Fortunately he

Smat.e

go
the

had

not

been

a

to

the

to

desire

designed by

bag attached
in

back

was

the

The

used

easilymade.

ever

Brandt,

Its

he

had

since.

He

of

gentleman,

other
m

holding

spring catch.

to

the

that

palate,which

inflated.

Berlin,
one

in

be used

curing

principlewas
then

for

weak.

latter

artificial

flaccid condition, and

catch

be

Dr.

successful

originatedin

device,which

the

of

the

congenital cleft palate;

surgeon

conld

had

and

surgery,

had

spring

the

commended

by

he

springto get

no

was

consideration

obturators
of

the

on,

operationof staphylorraphy.

indiarubber

other

own

the

patientswere

to

up

extremely simple,and

,

showed

the

One,

portionof

the

to

improvement

Butcher's

Morton

Mr.

outer

trouble.

showed

warmly

Mr.

in

seen

they began

Butcher

arm.

advantage

the

pain

no

getting

in his

cases

other.

the

cases

that

both.

substitution

would

time

remove

engine

these,

both

abnormality gave

; at that

Mr.

In

of

wrong,

two

teeth ; and

other

Hern

Mr.

chin.

after

positionon

of the

roots

palate.

him

first

horizontal

a

body

history of

a

to

going

the

horizontally.

had

seemed

of

hard

almost

which

necrosis

portion

white

a

mention

to

soon

one

small

a

tooth

that

found

direction

the

desired

Woodruff

aged 35^

subjectwas

the

as

Hern

one

of the

cause

canine

misplaced canine.

a

upon

was

case

pointingunder

and

practicewhich

were

Hospitalcomplaining

and

came

oblique

an

Truman's

the

of

Middlesex

alveolus
in

female

patient,a

the

to

removing

been

years.

the

in which

case

The

it
previous necrosis following diphtheria,

necrosis had

to

inconvenience.

no

came

jaw

a

present case, inasmuch

the

the

of

imbedded

the

left upper

a

after

existed,and

for

the tongue.

who

looseness

a

worn

said that
on

woman

young

of

Hern

somewhat

It bore

had

suffered

and
history,
Wm.

she

showed

had

Mr.

lady came

a

ago

perfectlyclean.

and

formed,
perfectly
Mr.

years

many

artificial denture, which

an

canine

two

that

remarked

President

RECORD.

DENTAL

for
cases

palateby
of

a

small

is put into

DENTAL

THE

The

they

President

that their

remarked

Hkely

not

were

10

RECORD.

to

create

Smale

said

was

that

doubt

their

great advantage

but
irritation,

he

should

durabiHty.
Mr.

Morton
of

durabiHtywas
Dr.
''

B. W.

The

then

to

130

that

of tooth

extraction

the

in

divided

his

three

are

after

"

vascular

blood

the aqueous

into
of
of

mechanical

"

the

and

to the

water

is in
colloid

fibrine,is ready

will

himself, and

he

scorbutic

in

bled

In

diathesis.
ether

spray,

found

this

the

a

these

the
a

lesion

blood

purpuric

"

the divided

of

vessels

followingthe
be

{a) might

flow of

subdivided

character
pathological

blood

natural

proportion
; the water

is disturbed
the

between

dangerous

that

say

similar way

particlesof

; he

if the

purpuric spot
mode

will

of

of
not

may

skin

if he

freedom

members

sufferingonly

cases,

valuable

There

the

protectedby the plastic
imperfectly
The
patientknows
point to escape.

with

life

Richardson

his

have

what

any

in

small

a

Dr.
the

or

who

cut
are

and
eruption,
the

follow, and

diagnosisin

family

is called

frozen

be

prick

scorbutic

point by

Richardson

had

forms

obscurer

of

disease.

The
is in
or

will

the

blood,

weak

any
flow

through

pass

may

at

the

that

to

dangerous haemorrhage

relative

attraction

1 20

owing

"

Treatment.

and

The

in the

matter

"

power

The

from

fact

Dr.

quality

to

saline.

special.

cohesive

is reduced, and

that his blood

is

the

and

of
fluidity

contractile

or

and

concomitant

century ago

a

Cause

;

coUoided

the

excess,

of

abnormal

scorbutic

type

aqueous

in

(c)mechanical
haemorrhage. Class

haemorrhage

had treated

frequent

knowledge,

leading

(a)

;

less

improved

{b) deficient

;

Extraction,

having expresseda strong

quarter of

the heads

extraction

"

Tooth

much

a

conditions

distinct

haemorrhage

was

has

subject under

tooth

their

Treatment."

a

skill and

dental
nation

the

of

is

it

than

on

paper

and
singlefatality,

haemorrhage

progress

blood

a

a

during his practicehe

that

without

opinion

that

cheap

so

were

after

Immediate

remarked

cases

read

Hemorrhage

of

their

Having

they

importance.

no

Richardson

Causes

that

eruptionwhich

some

not

developed

physicalfatigue will

favourable
"

it is

accompaniesmost

condition

at

all.

induce

for it.

The

diffuse,
irregularand

Excess
it in

of aqueous

cases

of alcohol
those

character

or

whose

of the

purpura

excessive mental
blood

is in

a

tive
eruptionis distinc-

faint, partaking of the character
B

2

of

a

20

THE

bruise,
superficial
the

but

diffused

through

Richardson's

opinion,

patients,one

attributed

evidence

clear

Richardson
If all

the

body,

The

Edinburgh.

before

the

with

the

the

astringentlotions

had

the

on

bled

to

later Dr.

One

day

had

continued

alveolus
and

lead

alum

the act of
the

and

the

lip

oozed

blood

which

was

shock

mental

by

with

carried

them

nately
unfortu-

At
in

cautery the

for

of
the

and

neither

his

gave
that

there
but

days

his gums

the

that

a

time.

bleeding
in

clot

the

Caustics,solutions

time

the

From

three

In

thus

wound
indications

of

retrogression

and

weeks

of

patient started,

until

days

benefit.

the

improvement
case

cork,

now

appliedwith

several

the

fortnightat

a

found

slightlyburned.
freelyfor

from

reported that

out.

second

day

three

lasted

was

were

with

same

before, and

also

spat

a

Patient

which

there

the

4.30

with

out

often

usual, stopped

full stream

pressure

of

Roberts

being plugged

wine.

; he

quoted

Dr.

by

than

then

full habit

and

age

alveolus

cautery

terminated

death

correct,

were

Richardson

more

for and

that

Alternations

supervened.

and

removed

taken

sent

and

was

Reasonable

Dr.

bleeding.

caustic

actual

applying the

followed, until
after

blood

hood
child-

but
obscurity,

flowing

tooth

was

night,

and

under

produced
syncope

all
in the

nor

the

extent, and

Roberts

fright during

middle

not

haemorrhage,

considerable

adult

determine.

no

tooth

blood

a

of
application

a

of

man

the

had

considerable

then

ceased

had

two

operator

lint, firm

with

staunched
he

that
history,viz.,
Avas

a

camphorated spiritof

Plugging

Dr.

in

previous historyis supplied,and

house,

patient called again, the

alveolus.

and

two

days

operation.

The

second

enjoyed the
and

of

Of

surmises

to

be

haemorrhage,

patient left

lint wetted

the

extent

an

found,

grief.

both

able

be

to

right wisdom

loose

a

that

would

such

One, that

had

who

severe

excessive

before

there
no

be

to

nervous.

of which
presents itself,

typicalcase

examples.

two

to

family

a

would

and

is

and

physicallyaffected

be

pretend

case

of

origin

and

came

that

happens

generally

disease

can

not

their

hereditary type,

inference

blood
did

historyof

the true

the

is among

central

the

patientswho

it

of

the

be

to

by swelling. Purpura
members

remote

sudden

to

led to

how

though
Dr.

other

the

of

Its

especiallystriking.

; the

of

number

a

RECORD.

unattended

diseases

marked

most

nFNTAL

healthful

case

best

was

that

of health

natural

of
and

trainino-

a

young
the

with

lady,aged
advantages

abundance

16

of

or

17, who

had

wealthy parents

of outdoor

exercise.

DKNTAL

THE

She

had

lose

to

from

flow

hours, until

the

free from

The

clot.
and

it

;

propulsivepower

of

this

Dr.

succeeded

firmlywith
began

to

stvptic colloid
the

recover

when

the

blood

the

and

syncope,

aff'orded

of blood

In

saline

the

from

blood.

This

There

blood, nor

yet of

induced

morbid

noxious

agent,

the

follows
to

the

is

was

patient herself
her

his life by the

lost

the skin.
but

an

in

the

may

be

material

saline

and

scurvy,

disease,

the

blood

choral

in

and

the

blood

uncommon

as

of

this

experience.

urine

the

; and

if

secretions

is not

Venous

an

common
un-

murmur

point of diagnosis. Examples
from

Hcemorrhage.

"

this

Due

class

to

a

an

petechiae.

or

type of purpura.

specific

is for the blood

the gums

of maculae

is

blood

The

edge.

cases

from

mucous

extraction

Richardson's

{b)^ Vascular

the

another

after tooth

these

some

separates, and

gravity of
specific

surfaces, as

by

their

to

The

disease.

it fibrine
at

in

itself it is in the form
of

diet, exposure

from

from

tendency

soft spongy

in

but

and

high,

haemorrhage
Class

The

brother

crenated

and

The

diagnosticfact
not

surface

peculiar diathesis, but

error

body,

shrunken

rule.

Transudation

is also

from

the

from

eruptionpresent

alveolus,

stypticstopping during

alcoholic

disintegrationof

or

blood

from

exude

patient

necessary

no

condition

same

in the

bleeding

produced by

stages of

so

nights later,

the

of soluble

be

may

Three

recur.

infant

excess

an

the

of plasticmatter,
deficiency

no

In

historyof haemorrhagic or fluid
hereditarydiathesis,but there is always a historyof

corpusclesare
the

is

to

alveolus

plug

of

her

of

injury to

to

is

taken

gravity of

not

small

advanced

habitues.

did

; her

condition

in

kind

same

story

there

due
fluidity

fluid when

a

purpura

extreme

observed

the

evidence

external

no

freely,but

haemorrhage

familyhistorytold
escape

with

up

the

the

moved

many

themselves.

when

that

return.

not

accident

flowed

again

sealed
successfully

did

bleeding

in

due

haemorrhage,

plugging

wool

cotton

on

during sleep,the patientby

in

for

continued

of

began

thin, wanting

heart, exhibited

the

about

dancing, blood

blood

of

the

extracted

but

red,

free

so

and

taken,
was

of

cessation

some

Richardson

tooth

was

Loss

weakened
state

patient being
was

excitement

the

alveolus

exhaustion

the

notice

no

itself.

evening, in

freelyfrom

and
plasticity,

of

ceased

soon

; in the

mid-day

ill-health,

Rather

easilyremoved.

was

followed, but

usual

of

sign

any

hcemorrhage

to

than

bleeding

more

molar, which

left lower

a

21

RECORD.

were

want

rare

in

of

Dr

of contractile

with plug. viz. (i) only blood minutes.for there haemorrhage. for alarm of extremely accident to tearing away or haemorrhage. palateand while of tion.if a a for firm the best plug in Dr. assurance plug. the of class is due of alveolus are firmlyadherent Haemorrhage immediate of for vascular portion a class experience so Treatment. (3) stypticthan a : little of the to be followed course is in referred Richardson Dr. . that the relaxed anaemic. such syncope.and had which in stopped Richardson and within yielding was and coagulated. of come patient was torsion The haemorrhage the of the palatine artery blushing victims of and maxillary bone. Richardson's the in cut anterior artery by vascular Dr. palate. plug with his inserted to Any cautery. for For Richardson styptic colloid. peripheral circula- had instance extraction sudden relaxed types upper whole in of the constitutional alcoholic.and not into glass goes a was profusebut was In treatment. In the second used three kinds ol gutta-perchastypticplug. and its socket alveolus or plan. which caught much condition styptic. a operation.or or one the the large plug. with opinion was he a one The had cause can is forming of three plug with convenience did be not know applied facility. maybe better head naturallyarrestingthe pressure. serious the place. a suffusion they or All degeneration. three or favourable styptic.and cotton the adopted. showing nervous was DENTAL all cases of by the fact from distinguished them puric pur- haemorrhage. and seem and the manipulation. specificdisease. injury the of as and extraction.with of the RECORD. artery divided or subjectsare type. are of persons face. on this did iron. vessels. blood He blood. Cases is the in same anchylosed removal of Under is methods that The ment treat- tooth the that a example worst which was nothing but secured the have could the rare. sufficient he resorted of the The to is clear.22 THE in the blood-vessel power The tooth. the blood hard which patient is still specific Dr. a this This " resulted.When perchlorideof pressure. clot in two blood without wool. in Hcemorrhage. in one to this firm a removed. that but first No controllable. a In enfeebled signs various extremis^ away the controlled that of degeneration Richardson with these during circulation other experience. reached so the living. (2) The ordinary cases. the haemorrhage In aided been Dr.fracture Richardson's Dr. Class {c)^Mechanical connected with the portion of it.

referred to of Dr. these former will and will resorted should no failed' effected actual by cautery. a Purpuric Hcemorrhage^ presuming tendency be water. perchloride-styptic. reference to the blood necessarilyinjurious. 23 KHCORD. Thos. preferably required. absorbent putting on heat favours could hot in insertion pledgets. and it to is for the occurs alcoholic some relaxes nervous.of haemorrhagic tendency. no fail. such at heat a is all albumen over safelyexceeded be to as by degrees. consisting of tannin discs.viz. where administer bystander to some patient excitable coagulatingproperty and heart.THK G. become plasticfor very of these No since In with fear of is tannin heated. invited Rogers Arnold some with having He the fact that Richardson's never extracted a tooth had was listened on had skill. avail himself great advantage. stimulating throw renders arteries. disc easilysoftened cavityis quicklydried one DKNTAI. blood may of heat coagulating power or the This be used never operator of need applyingthe cautery. filled with it has become hot too styptic to tooth bleeding until down coagulate if heated instantly time electric 50 The subdued or styptic. the of cause a undue into If carried re-assimilated. Mr.on divided be entertained. but 60 the coagulate lost in be It .each P. strictly through the vessels.. perchloride of or and emergency. that is as ordinary stypticapplications have and clot. to and two the the flame. large a quantity it too swallowed without usuallyvomited danger.and family.140^ Fahr. of the haemorrhage of accident the scientific grounds alone.destroys the the out stimulant. to the paper with great . occasions done so of the members to one first ascertainingthat Dr. F. in with saturated being These iron. of Newland-Pedley discussion. is not anxiety.which quite firm..and The the stomach any serious is blood in digested and should not be by is patient. when albumen not Should Fahr. artificialcoagulation must The pressed well for wool. Finally. so a an coagulation. blood more action the all increases above blood. it reprehensible . the It is customary the that to. DISCUSSION. Richardson had he for any without in town. then cotton styptic kept ready or cavity. The President Mr. extent some should destroystructure or be to cautery.with This shows be 150" to this may This.

. was down narrow felt the was inclined and very to had it would the however. a extracted. W. arrestinghae- of means wish very Mr. a : by in-patient an no H.the periosteum adoption years of the tooth. observa- treatingpatientsat advantageous was way instant to this her or stripped. a importation. the this a case. were their salts Epsom had pursued treatment hospitalas and had had they had Guy's Hospital. forcing it to the the tion. to singleadverse a let the to was acces"^ But been prophylactictreatment. morrhage. Societyto it not and always the not act as up given off and used twenty ago. which formerly a the disappearance disappearance in had of morrhage.and best it from From very him tions Newland-Pedley'sobserva- importance would in the the change chieflyrose But perchloride under was nounced pro- ligature. become very the house of from hospitalthe day was mention to sinuses.they at cases the years ago. arresting the time to insertinga probe slighthaemorrhage per thai they course. were if possible.the ligature having slipped of elastic ligature was they ago decided was Mr. for internally Coffin intended enforce Storer Bennett unfortunate cases from control. H. it did useful.24 THE interest. presumed to with same patienttake and never sent the at week. the cases of iron with to the had not Mr. course. sure discussion Richardson coincident oranges as bubbles About remedy. a alcohol. homes. Having although with this by time day. scurvy. of case a to it haemorrhage stopped. which that if in the peroxide time to time cent. hae- caused.and tooth haemorrhage. same there About requiring a put means of immediately. later years. Occasionally.to desirable. WooDHOUSE which was further necessary noticed removal. though even patient had a clear historyof haemorrhagic tendency. a nevertheless was have three increase the in fruit which to a or 50 the be not mentioned prevalent 40 attribute lemons. it In admit Pursuing remarked were four he means of time. Dr. haemostatic. that distinctly hemorrhagic tendency. was a that result six months it did effect the had with for inject it to this he Bennett remedy a the further Mr. introduced. and the up had that a tooth. great was limited of Woodmeasure so great season. ligatureround hydrogen was of man young four or bow. With hesitated to regard operate. peroxide was solution for blood was when resorting to staunched stringsto one's Mr. it purpose. DENTAL to RECORD. own Mr. R.

in male Unfor- . his that. J. where and gum. whose board on had DENTAL judgment. otherwise Hepburn instances the few a with gold filling. from apt was the and anodyne.after the tooth of of irritated where Then the model.and said to mainly rapidlyvulcanising and that. he that carefullyfilled had to impressionof vulcanite preparing the lint a best light pressure considerable gave would applied. 25 RE"ORn all the year aggravated ship. to the gum.in there loose a less the In mouth were new the always found turned found where " create should Those trouble better.and. no practically taken been every as way cavityit a general plug.All plugs a judicious a midshipman young the an -arose one of became where were cases each with not manner David cases of after followed.not when himself swollen. Dr. Hutchinson be socket which splint. was hours. With might He Richardson which a Hepburn by strong pressure first the Those remedy strong Mr. trouble. first enveloping then the gum applying the jaw. removed Mr.the same made. in saturated spUnt and doubt diathesis. a after with apply present these permanent Mr. of quite which was The sufficient. be take instance.from out the was be the cation applisource gum those it cases in desirable. with advantage.THE could two or be now of cases liberal and teeth also dental He almost much were to give in his opinion sufficient be to deal saturated pieces. in it with used due a into forcibly acid. the referred with. but of cause simplest.and to socket wool. subsequent bleeding. was no a Dr. found had flabby was of means splintof In quarter. he particularsocket a the had a patches. a upon hour and a greatest advantage arise. Nearly endeavouring should fang said where in . where whatever built dealt the simply of bandaging S. be was pain : exuded of the not he had covered were pressed too were that was body his favourite . treatment patients.he an believed very be applicationsthe vulcanite cases. carbolic of gums method trouble the hsemorrhage. before irritating permanent a packing in an one. had surgeon used face He round. but Richardson great case and affected. if it considerable the and styptic colloid. treated successfully scurvy One system of diet. pressure one fully charging it.ergot could had of might wool with small should inflammation had a be the splint.but having pressure to by seen arrestinghaemorrhages. opinion that be beforehand rye a arrest of up of most existed perchlorideof iron. was a very used there could be historyof hsemorrhagic desirable.

out Dr.which to carbolic i860. brought own historyin after. satisfaction another. and in of afterwards referred carbolic in remedy. put in nitric never a impure preparation. the agreed. is nine was. peroxideof hydrogen this way former of introduced action ten to. Woodhouse that fresh fruit did seen the it seemed had to either never the open produce seen heard Mr. which hydrogen. or fluidity paralysis of no use. fixingplugs method. finding it acid. of fruit. He otherwise. but teeth.and had be of ten. iron of has iron whereas therefore. the to of method " Woodhouse carbolic as styptic Bennett's Mr. hands. Which with treating internally blood-vessels. Amadou He had . of stypticcolloid. purposes. reference of more The also There condition which With or passage with good a pain. it must " that was had 1856 Dr. would DENTAL be Richardson's find not reference act not it be doubtful to as a contracted. in the first place. Mr. which the the the he doubt no Referring of quite spoke physicians such of styptic effect. had iron why reason of blood.operation. for these reply. adverted colloid. clear a the effect Its was the sulphate of magnesia. an of in grains of 20 succeeded who Robbins. been Richardson Storer Mr.it times B. in also use what to It seemed case. good a annul It did it because probably said.and it have not regard to stypticcolloid. Ergot. which i and case une to and hydr?gen. used would. successful a than Newland-Pedley's remarks. and and If it were. Hutchinson's styptic. the fact was his W.he had effect could make only of with diflficult to obtain due was success With acid. gentleman with quantity. diabetes. successful Was in Dr. it does should it vascular latter case. the twenty was into cases before. is acid. With oz. would had purpin-ic condition. acid used volumes it succeeded volumes obtain is not of Mr. in the to putting back to Richardson because recommendation on of case Dr. nitric medieinal quantity for the to to referred for the stypticcolloid have the some added even. he him to Mr. cases. use largest changed as could ten Ordinary when Woodhouse Pedley spoke remedy.turn of the blood not been upon ? much a verv in agreed be He diagnosis. treatment Another Bennett been makers. not of.26 THh lunaLely. what with agreed it is peroxide volumes. that so " had said about Mr.he in not practicalto not in use reference why reason with phthisispulmonalis. to the thought would be did With ergot. of perchloride case of it Was as the bleeding really so ? effect of the to perchlorideof Mr. Richardson.instead learnt peroxide that RECORD.

much Society. of Also. showing lower with the calcified after its exposure become of till the the received was and her coming as fracture. proceeded Inlays. John Mr. usual the concluded of thanks votes Meeting Odonto-Chiriirgical Society of Scotland. the completed long sufficiently say circular in meeting been not with inlay the before come the to Dr. rapid. the through suppressionof jaw. and difficult was few Glass Richter's in work large cavity in a a be But cavities. THK a good very often himself tion sugges- should he and one. on ordinary inlay work. but. The held First General November on Meeting of the 13th. DKNTAI. After chair and showed canine a filled with it had whether it would the cement necessary tried not kind It of permanent for he to attain the in its scrupulous cleanliness in a he tenth had manipulation . those who in necessary the and care could be porcelain of use had effective. Mr. chair. which labial Biggs said inlay work the stages. the discussion in was following meeting. a have employed a gutta-percha. lateral parents pulp had they ought. from few a inlays. The demonstration with accordance postponed Mr. give interest shade. was in the Biggs. simple. " Society.it alone. many very minutes. result the in This them. incisors taken which model the with had a good considerable . did thought he .Session the A. demonstration a prepared cavities the cavities he showed He give to the vacated President the introductory remarks. before various inlays. interest as the in the interest. inlay promised achieved its retention also He professionto not. required and but that unless it before not definitely way. the Mr. difficult. and was desired the time of would brought It he opinion was His it would thought much. to of model he model a with moistened and 27 KKCOKD. exhibited an upper patient teeth not molar. 1890-qi. used to as referred The thought it in his paper. advocate to therefore it. tooth an with teeth several for being. had he because Hepburn's styptic. President. or all at the of side. a Wilson of custom history.

however. Mr. Dall enteringthe attached where the hole might not be had where in transitory be capped over two the and place in of the by and required. enforced or by 3[r. the sockets Smith. Sydney. In entered reply to Ur.and irritation than Dr.S. Dall. N. President. had of the preventing enough to much was livingtissue bodies of gow). Mr.Mr. well with borne well was needles " in the being remarkablywell recognizedas sutures were " fish as metallic appliances as materials. of the mode Mr. as practice. of these which the the greater described.. from held Societywas Biggs.or bones the like.Hyde Park.this. the onlyto say that where patientwas the requestedto pins wear . by in not The Dall. of any being at jtins been with of such presence Smith kept was depositof spot preferredfor drillingby to likely of the teeth had kinds.of course.D. in been for where surgical practice. in the created the had in the into the empty sockets. L. tolerated as comparisonwith organic materials. other needles. two the President. DENTAL that or less outlet was so merely probably where the bicuspids.W. A " Society. of extracted Dall had teeth.S.) Smith various 11th tho on Street. for and of the the instance and lower (See page Dr.28 THE The Mr.from denture to which such time place. read proceeded to upper John Satghell. (Glas- (withdemonstrations). time some shown of metallic presence hear interested and however. in those as This tissues from Dall Mr.. A. in the chair. as not or would canines take the appeared the in the maxilla for precautions simple. 1.S. " forwards slipping unfortunate was favourablyimpressedwith other L. the at been Dall. The Mr. neighbourhoodof introduced the with more such by like to ask once drilled the pins used in the rest or irritation would round healthyantrum. balloted was RECORD. where the maxillary uiferior dental thought.D. Elizabeth paper. contingencieswould pin to the accidents the mouth in the consequence. case were where presence in illustrated in contrasted to explainthe absence seemed he they much so bodies of different impunity as cases continuous manner whether him. a closed. bone new againstimpinging upon antrum. admitted a dentures the firstportion of Mr. existence of much was opening made He of diseased occur in any nerve. had procedureseemed the metal pins newly extracted. drillingtook neither the in even obliterated been not frequent soon But occur. great numbei of instances. however. would as In those allow cases border. W. of the member a William entitled said he method Ball's exhibited cases soon arriving He interesting paper. At E. From nasal action. the affection its nature. OrdinaryMeeting of Second Nov.

which next be the same in the mouth the the injured. in the been sockets the the and much been polished or a insertingdentures night a holes. were round as of healthy it is some I did of the chair. patientwearing viz.and teeth masterlyand tolerance What teeth cleansingpurposes. providing a teeth in before what of will exist put has temi)orary use.for Ball's operationof otherwise platesconstantly. the antrum of opened into manner.leading pleasedat " impres". passing represented on finish then is twenty extracted.ionI as only danger requireto necessitate of cases. I fit the ready for case This. of artificial teeth spaces with course a that For small a the wounds The departure new presentedto socket.. seldom : in connection saw it and upper they and was said thought.THE the denture where two constantly. for the troublesome valuable inferior dental cases. which the fac-simile the from artificial root. often nerve quitepreparedto accept the teeth. it better was 29 RECORD. in antrum Mr. when but occasionally. principle. remove this artificial thereby. would Mr.an he this Watson platesin tender weeks. was might holes. as they I : I absorbent past years of presence and has I have into deep take for model from broken down the dig being taken fortnightor as to whether the the sleepingportionof the The the with root the observed " the are time may be worn is to do then me. and model.or This and extracted. making Ball of the extracted impression of an Mr. as near visit of the perforated. a of jaw might the during occur the to remove cases required. Mr. and our first speedilyfillup. removing the holes drilled part he the fact that and in thin jaw cotu'So. jaw the might In do so. from parallelwith run the to have am pro^-edureinvolvingthe tissues the drilHng therefore would and the canal. was.which operationwould in which notice. are non- favourable. unless requested to which method lower upper lower erratic very also were extremely ingeniousand in the in the This onl}^for cleansingpurposes. drilled were became three or DENTAL most use discretion during the excellent and . sore. serious to with very careful Macleod under confidence.by gatheredround a be undertaken his conclusions surface.when possiblea into of brought this smooth mouth rightdeep the he foreignbody. the wall The results. on the the sculperthe roof empty the th(^ sockets. case " circumstances with when patient. in difficult and the be denture. with the case exception continuouslyfor worn are is removed a a nicelyhealed. for the roots. said complete manner the retention The one.and patientmay twenty-fourhours. and then constantly." it is as into patientrises out assumed had experiencein own my habit.

DENTAL This method but it admits is for only RECORD. permanent narrow business the Paper. the on perfectingit much they were he imbued behalf on this patientsto and persuasions.and had the was carryingit to or Societyfor his for his kindness allowingthem in in participate to a Mr. also said President given l)yMr. on Inlays. is where I originality. Discussion Mr. absorptiongoes : aspect of the alveolar border for treatment is thank and The them on The in congratulateMr. but never Dall.and under will less jaw upper I the eighteen the of public a or behind is far in advance dentures and twelve keeps up it goes bringing this subjectbefore for rendered was much mor"' from mouth himself such complete a of having suggested it whose could meeting. corroborate induce shown late least twelve at the by jaws. of the indebted had with years statement.and Mr. to had carried It in means ago He with of practicability no Turner. or in this way.'' he followingconnnunication : method at had received " years and practisedtlie inlaying ago so admirably demontrated discontinued it on the score of . presence idea of means Corniack. am Dall all of sure us jaw. but had some described had Glass the last of late Meeting. Secretary Frederick porcelainin Biggs's Dpw jVIr. they alone He a fell thanked and he felt bringingthe subjectbefore the remarks attendant upon success.80 THE of treatment satisfactory way nature. done. Uobt. of immediate insertion on all the but roots. upon " The from Mr. to therefore he that was similai' result to that the honour Dall been of them. idea. congratulate can in r. all thi'e(^had Mr. The : Dall. Mr. Dall.but same at this voured frequentlyendea- in matter a Alexander present now he new. Dall's especiallyadvocated for months . satisfactory and his I his success. and of Mr. but came of artificial teeth was before illustration dissected patientswho dowals or the by and they witnessed anchoringeases gold pins demonstrated instructive of the two mouths and dentures models. unsuccessful was him edentulous- an Mr. Dall issue. with Glasgow. FpvKderick of and is of manner. patientswhose for temporary service. assistant. excellent paper. read liicHTEu's read the Rose ((Guernsey) Hose recently l"yMr. of a proper in his Macleod had attained way surprisehow to Mr. congratulatehim same.s labial frequentlycall his on ance appear- the this. have John it same it out tack. on him method flat. the in whose and The by the just read paper interestingand most by so his scheme.

and in the cavity required slightlyenlargingwith engine. different adopted a the last For it involved.and cylindrical as allowed Plaster coinci- been which. to allow for was were sharpened to cane composition then " hard.and lid latter The be fired in from largestinlaycan flux platinum. five to ten then of Usually the corundum cemented only minutes. method filled up was made was softened used over He took of ten parts of the This cast.THE the dentty taken by up cavity.Any cases were . of the dozens that perfectedinlaywas he hail obtained he . labour time and Bl RECORD. yet sufficiently pliableto very penknife. thin. DENTAL had in the into the one cavity that had and usuallythe required rencAving.p[nn was a was obtainable he he " with This the flame closed. made laid upon upon allowed inlayis and finelysmoothed to cool with it. coke. models from America. and which powder. sharp a cavity the porcelain as of scrap of one infrequently care. this contoured out with cut the blow -holes. cavity. however. when which. silex a on mixture shrinkage of packed process water in the usual way. and cylinders spiritlamp a mixture a in had issues temporarilywith gutta-percha. blow-pipedirected the manner of He warm. and done The to.where or piece a orifice of his practicebe the was with then (the flux) only latter the one taken next isinglassin used Then teeth.one. was with mixed He model time. then He parts of with (very fine). removed. gas. pressed into and had compositionimpressionsof six about three parts powdered pumice (superfine). most gratifying. Finallythe inlaywas thin fossiline. were furnace.which the some differed in detail.so'ii.the the cavity th(^ water blended so the of off' distinct shades four with himself by This desired. but there minute into " a taken compositionwas porcelain any porous minute very the which carefullycast not requiredgreat could.but very burnishers. using the a two of the models were usuallysufficient with heat of Paris wet the left to work a in a inside little model of a Fletcher's arrangement In this a for little a body was one. out a to as be an Arkansas of firingcould which furnace. the enlarg(Kl pointhe slightly is facilitated which (distilled). with suitable any used now which be used produce shades to match ^rom the depots. sufficient heat furnace. The small into up one he eighteenmonths in its main previouslymade he had undercuts any which plan. stick smoothing.and attached had an ordinaryiron bottle. paletteand with little spoiled a a with the end one seven (superfine). scraped. from combiningnitrous-oxide The result. by putting should otherwise required. stone.to and corundum with come then appearance Out of many and unsatisfactorily. at to hard(m substance produced a his as possible.

filling appearance glasseswere which to operativedentistry field of in the doubt.the At next they all sure subjectof glassinlayingwas The was last at the was excellent for the him He : did sent with inlayswere the over Dr. in see who Webb methods and Bruce had Dental to tliose members then an kind of him to and filling. he de"crib('d the not he had Herbst experiment of the method. while Stewart. of hour. but. fall. to Mr. been had doubt they teeth. this to experiencein porcelaininlayingled speaking the operativedentistry. satisfactory done impression of an strong and durable. found seven they might safely durable the as majorityof the teeth. in t(^ similar the habit of last presume that of the ]\Ir. said that the be to colour. with for such He in simple cases two will endeavour to he to the could he had cases had been obtained.32 DENTAL THE for this work suitable where the result found and broken by cavities where strength was glass stoppers. with the . the President had from said had recentlybeen and until the ideal iuiportantplaceas desired. would which of the most one was continue w^ould glass inlaysw^as expressed about supportedin further of limited somewhat His work. where obtained A the belief that For it instance. Girdwood's)partner. GiRDWooD Mr. Dr. excellent of most the well.who last six he least or thought as on others had Marshall been had in years. next our meeting. be diatoric taken now much time to prepare few For teeth gave Eichter's up he had pleased. likelyto some would subject. powdered not which the even countersink deep a but results. forward was filling felt very demonstrations and paper meeting on brought present. The Herbst. given a Webb. extremely occupy all that could not true come durable doing porcelaininlaysfor operationsfor good the late Marshall opinionon his and them by the good gold fillings. in in in which present who Finlaysonand were Germany fit of these article Journal of lastingoperations. includingthe preparation an get cavitycould requisite.where a RECORD.his was an effected be soon of durability experienceof Therefore.Mr. of means a much glassinlaying. friend Mr. the specimens by often cavity. be tippingof centrals. number November care by had remarkable. glassinlayswhich accurate that others. great improvements no indebted important which the most of one it discovered. they were Recentlywhen fortune the (Mr. Essig agreed with of preservation colours Inteniational and to Melbourne. he his book porcelain inlayswere.and a taken. porcelaininlaying in be at America. the Bruce.

which. st. could great no 4 cohesive No. a because gold foil folded found given of glass.he platinised to since was glassesrequired discolouration prevent to rubber a and blow-pij^e. Biggs by Mr.he to match found did it difficult But ordinaryblow-pipe. system. but . method. obtained paper and recommended one standard of the adding any he ago reasons had four tried this he firstly. The were with work not with to be added. cavities in gold as for kinds easilyacquired. pro colours. brown. and Mr. yellow and the removed off with of various beads the : pieceof a . the in the pieceof or No. he said. been that in Mr.it was gold for the from was method in was the and without the discolouration prevent were Herbst wax ready was trial of results described the pumice . thanked Biggs Mr. admirably.THE Richtcr mateiials he would excellent promised to give Brieflystated. glasses.which with with invested mouth a shade. used taken hints method mended recom- Not having to No. week . one. He begged them merely brought cavities . while these that was Bruce he it answered the set in the inlays could be tooth. used then in necessary. but and pared pre- lined wax finelypowdered all that any hard used. Biggs . he subjects. About last inlays(bothlabial by mixing ground and Bruce. been the the adopted and to four had method necessary advantage. colour. but filling exposed to take He was up such glad . was colours were of then was was with burner blue use cavitywas boilingwater. very glasspowder glass was Herbst pressedinto placeeither his then the undercuts.too. those plaster be altered or meeting he get the glasseswas stable more GiRinvooD inlay. and which fused now White.and to bear it before thought them it the ascertain in mind as he did feasible a provinceof what was not the younger their real of mode men value.ggesta manner pressed into it. had two in ficiency another the Biggs.which 60 83 DENTAL good enough the to make gentlemen present for his communication on the remarks of Dr. which economical. any He had inserted he had done A little them practicewas seemed be with and done than great a here handed was gas-light. canines)that shades The Richter 64. an from Mr. wax run Bunsen a thus ran method. Robert advocate the they had Ricliter's inlays. Mr. but by several glass. but appliedit foil. : secondly.having what could be done glass. polishedafter they were in Bruce's of the five months success proper to Mr.and and RECORD gold foil. as usual Biggs matrix by Mr. round an a specimen of poor had the correct to mortar. and Mr.

elected members Gillett.m. had done specimen he handed round. to of such and for the him Secretaryto altogetherhe further able an thanked of the good very similar could procure the but not if it and investigation. device under came Stevens. might overcome November loth in chair. Mr. Fouraker. of by Gabelle. erupted a molar. Mr. Curtis to the casual history of the their Mr. a called for. and E. A. Steele. " of absorbed so by had Societybe follovv^ing gentlemen the devised of the General the unders. Mr. Ranken. one George was a Seymour. Goodman. Tomlinson. upper Balding to RiLOT specimens read to a letter the from Society: Mr. Dental held Meeting Mr. his pregnant hint of how Messrs. Fluton. Morley. Danolds. the confirmed. presenting upper R. Students' Ordinary " been placing an carried of had attention comunication. Macleod Ball's read matter was moving that kindness in was and them. Weston. and so. had the them given it would satisfactorily. previous Meeting of professionaltreatment. Simmons. Mordaunt. Matheson. Townend. Bulgin^ formally were society. Miller. said brilliant the of had inlaydifficulties. Lennox. and a posterior presented to the Society specimens of erosion exostosis. presented Moseley wisdom supernumerary to the second Mr. and balloted for Hospital. be certainly the thanks Dental 8 Mr.Prideaux. at It he had last proved to RECORD.. read were pleasurein them President. Ashby. Gardner Hankey. Baker.that difficultiesw^ien The their that almost inspection. and to model showing the outside. p. being of necrosis case and obligation book. Sexton. Tisdale. much members Society. and Northcroft. Monday. were before coming over- Lennox. his for their and for. Mr. presenting broken down upper . The of solution The accorded example a Society : they Walker. opinion with regard exhaustive conclude DENTAL signed the communications a of jaw. Moseley." been ingeniousmethod He Leonard of minutes the overlooked.34 THH Girdwood Mr. to worthy slippingfor\vard Cambridge. admitted On Farebrother. the communication that could the be the Mr. portion of the the sequestrum the Society related Coysh alveolar process removed to the Society'smuseum. two tooth. Taylor. It of and glassinlays. of the membership Messrs. Bale}^. London Paris.

of Gardner's specimens the state of and the specimens. especially patients preferred the patient. was abscess. and should we osteo. prefer the perfection than not He had restrict the nature cap. In Mr. c 2 . Mr. purpose Surgery.Judgment " Gardner's be must had cases filling had Gardner Mr. of as caused of the eminently practical. System of between look as a the the Dental the similar Mr. in tooth. to as the for the reserved been this comparatively recentlytreated. of treatment that this mode disadvantageof leaving an inartistic if he thought Bull the had osteo. upon thanked in taken the bristle from a different stages of the process the illustrating The of which presence the 35 RECORD. to for best thought we and the cap gold and tooth the layerof the be far cap. root wisdom upper having DENTAL seen. he had described. that Mr. in treating large to the opinion.and of cavity. through of the apex The sticking. paper most capping the Mr. the great margin of the remark properly considered that Mr." to tooth of regard gold the to amalgam. to an inserted that agree under guided by personal prejudice.every re-appearance of the sensitive disease. of the he brought had before quite original.and considered. a for filling better Mr. Mr. however. partial crowns been would. of a writer eff"ect that been found in the the " film American of osteo perfectafter four years'wear. be not ScHELLiNG to did not He laboured at edge. covered to system greater a the though these all as abnormally curved roots. He was was the had brush tooth- a paper preparing both ternij"partialcrowns.he of future cavities. 4]. cap as the thin would able preferlayer much be osteo. other series by " The Societya this did not was process durabilityof present. an evening [see p.THE the molar. by the great trouble which fillings osteo models. should an aid possiblesource F." which of removal the author the process that thought of this bristle tooth with Mr. Schelling that gutta-perchawould than quoted the experience CoYSH With gutta-percha would that the between agreed with Preedy act beneath place last than to likel}^ more be thought gutta-percha the cervical were fillings amalgam finished. caries such J. and necessitated specimen an was After read exhibited Gardner to the discussion who Matheson. Colyer's be avoided. and opened was for heartily paper Mr- described.

and to the the Odontological opening V-shaped a next to had Matheson the leave to advantage an Mr. a paper moulding impressionsof it that of more tooth Mellor's Mr. Chair. W. John Marshall.it found original contour the these failingsas those than durable it that describing. of not system on then Gardner which Mr. pointed found in suitable much former He could cases. did May restore with thin bad cap consider not the with The had Colyer Mr. Thomas The in meeting closed. such entire an "partial whole . DENTAL THE He for had taking tooth. when December be announced then President Diseases meeting that then Mr. the this it and it. would so was as had " crowns gold success. was case did He was meeting. Holford the The MEDICAL Case of would read paper would a Teeth. more tried. it to fault the finished of at all the kind was which for four cap brought with not the probe right a thought Matheson on cap case the wearing pass the by one seen to easy left edge had He cavity. the the as the recommended had of filling and crowns. been of osteo. GENERAL Registeras next Hawkins. who recent a often was the between a only consider not in out Society.and been they course was and advantages same that thought He the which thing cases. removed Mr. at success. 1S78. badly was in these present the material. registeredin practice before July 22nd.36 would found be of the in the patient had The quite then been the cap. and had individual tags. however. to composition exceedingly good cavity and the As read advisable being always was tooth. the brieflyrepliedto tendered a gentlemen who various speakers. a that used be must in not under show margin cervical general system." President. and and work. the latter had agree. has been the Dentists* summoned . The Registrar : Thomas COUNCIL. in the Hawkins. Gardner Mr. before and treated it. Mr. RECORD. Matheson paper. after of thanks vote had brought that the for his him to forward casual communications. The on on "Various The 8th. a months. was altogether. film no simplicity. found had RiLOT Mr. Influence S. account of its Mr.

building at Church. 1881. joiner.from 71. That ascertain the Thomas Hawkins was. That Thomas December. 1889. quali- any is not referred facts to be duly apprenticed on was whereon Case the been Dentists' May of himself joint declaration he is case on having find of having in Hawkins. on the dated request for registration. registered apprenticeship. 1877. in was joiner'swork do the Accrington. Holland. Lower regularly on buildings at all of age. carpenter 1878. during That he was which continued 1879. 1889. 1881. of particularduring in he Act which apprenticeship. near 2. That in November. which he Bullock. to were the at be David 12th the on of day December. . joiner up to and one at William Huncoat. in March. That Hapton. he entered the service of a Mr.and of them. of day to of his ist. 1881. and Manchester 1859. the years as a that . indentures that he of Holland. fraudulentlyprocure 1878. equivalentfor an conditions December and Alexandra here June 25th. age years : of the usual on December declarant December. one or ist thereabouts. that form supported by ist. he resided appeared duly fulfilled only to the his services therefore was Company it of of his copy mentioned. . after December. to section the Committee Committee 37th declaration not been having not called. when That David premium a facts in the 9th. Council the entered be DENTAL Audley. Committee Thomas The did statement Dental the by he and registration. 1889. that 1877 and Brick them to documents of 18 years during working Audley " regard to Holland. he worked puttingup time to work in he lived as a conjunctionwith at Burnley Road. employed by a row that and the of houses was the the they were that during time by such : " and above and a he David to his articles expired from born was the on December. Newark Street. to the on Register as 22nd July of the Dental Report Dentists' before his claim to-day June. 1885. fication. or and 1877. and Road. in the accordance founded he 25th day practice practicein of 37 RECORD. and on Dental the under he duly qualified a he and been Hawkins Committee following charge. Hawkins.THE to before appear **That on himself to dentist in the Thomas The with Report the Hawkins has the of Thomas case Executive the case. follows as follows as forty-five years was the 1877.

legal assessor. the to John Marshall. Farrer Dr. first practisedentistry.38 DKNTAL THE Nuttall. QuAiN strangers The : facts its be to President : Farrer letters : which their The the case of were re and on while the to that into case the and facts Council. David Holland. in that and Holland. and also some passed. apprentice while no from was the autumn of lived at 71. facts. till there That practice. November Mr. that strangers withdraw. whose continued assisted in Mr. he 1878 to the year 1885. think move were the have I and Council. a Dentists' the facts. the was Blackburn. said declarant time he began That David Alexandra in his September Alexandra is name proper brother. Mr. 2Jth. Holland. George learning dentistryfrom was 71. Mackenzie Dr. QuAiN : QuAiN before wishes to we in Dr. on cannot : into gone Not You facts. of Bacup. is investigate the to report The duplicate summons. at the stage at which cil this Coun- report ? in the I hand *' That Thomas then -admission President chair. The facts these report said the directed to withdraw. or for the where Road. attended. : : them. Farrer. 1878. Committee thoroughly. at collector. in judgment If there not are agreed condition a question of practice. question the is It The impose are in appointed have Muir the facts.and during that and dental Cooke and canvasser a October. 1890. George Holland. those the dissension no it arrived the so all having them go decide present is case closed. 1888. as I first hand President Committee the to : President The find solicitor also present was General Chairman. Strangers On order to to Has is satisfied to receive Mr. to had Holland which Road. Nuttall's David as RECORD said the the October. Mr. as been resolved having submitted motion on considered by the the Dental put from facts of the Committee .and it is discussed. The Committee Dental Medical Council. they unless the Dental the Council I facts for itself. " it had Council Hawkins. never 1877 hving with and to came time declarant.

conversational a first the present felt that meeting step had a exhibit to practical demonstrations. Annual The next General . demonstration discussingthe discussion to the examining the cases. and ones. boy with the cases In showed held was several epulis. meeting adjourned the " by reviewing patents. Microscopes tissues After exhibited. part of purpose Ackery. and Messrs. the followingcomposed Briefly. meetings. removal all the work be termed might evening. to give interest. the kind. January 26th. short first the Society held above which at attended those HOSPITAL DENTAL LONDON. Lloyd Williams. "c." and the President cases.and THE 15th. various Besides pointsillustrated by them. "c. of the meeting exhibited these of the of of the to circle of attentive an and they might have sightseers. the previousMonday. Society gave above. meeting being the December series of new Thomas the said qualificationof OF OF Monday. the various for the Lecture Theatre. Hutchinsonian of the and Stopping Room. and were the took opening in a the dwelling upon President. the it is proposed of extent "c.. Coysh and Colyer dental specimens showing exhibited. demon- short Ladmore Mr.. fully were Those present opportunityof seeing Mr. discussion upon filling. another there. Ladmore demonstrated Cask Mr. here case a irregularity. the injectionof cocaine. in the taken been for well augurs rightdirection.and with canals Colyer fillingroot " May President manner that hoped the interestingcases addition appreciated by first in at maxilla. The were what (2) osteo. of teeth.THE find that the Register has direct they Hawkins the been that be of entry the DENTAL removed SOCIETY of a of cases The to great a which success future..Messrs. ably very his efforts On strations. root Altogethera it is hoped one is to that like be held Meeting being on pleasant instructive very success on the may attend evening the future Monday. was passed. fraudulentlyobtained. and and incorrectly and tists' Den- in the Hawkins Thomas therefrom. (i) gutta-percha. making instruments." STUDENTS' On of name name S9 RECORD.

upon any The the holds in its natural former the Spring Clip arm position. fillings(sub-divided into are date. The book is on best machine-made balance). these sheets ENGINE-ARM-HOLDER.Arm-Holder. paper. received a from the Dental Spiral Engine. Mr. " and Patients' earnings are. and it a the adapted no who DAY-BOOK. anaesthetics. name. "c. content find Income" " an for receiptsand keep systematic accounts. inclination record sj^stematic a of copy admirably us who for a intended Day-book. hitherto supplied with Dental Engines. services meet of totals to that find as suits " or record a invaluable. and remarks. seems SURGEON'S that account in who do fee paid" carrying their ledger. who have Those used it express for the a preference strong and consideration would not revert to Spiral Holder..S. gold. provided and various). they will be able to at see a glance be if their carried from Dental Manufacturing Company. white paid. book will and expenditure. J. intended is It tute substias a simple extremely equally for the Spring Clip. Butcher.Eng. column weekly or monthly. in the same the day-book being Separate columjns way. folioed. may day-book to ledger accounts. O. The and useful. for address.500 patients.D. have and will be forward stock. sundry operations. fee (sub-divided into amount. (see page 18). is well and strongly bound. Limited. for accountancy. The books on what " professional Those by convenience. also Limited. will professional. these newly designed Dental Surgeon's needs of kisy dentists. ledgerized.teeth scaled. DENTAL received have We to to have are rendered. Profit and household of totaling the their titioners pracdesire no in SPIRAL have We Company. .40 DENTAL THE RECORD. teeth extracted. APPLIANCES. and has the advantage that there is no spring to get weak. amalgam. and has space for 3. Manufacturing designed by device is L. with this Those purpose. happy to specimen application.

the screw the on piecesfastened of vulcanised piece broken one modelling compound.. the through bruised was SUPERIOR labourer back extended distorted features The farm knocked were palatineprocess. made splintto with splintwas front.and except hard palatethere has been a a in third piece. and alarming high temperature complications patientrecovered. FRACTURE OF J.the jaws fracture. also which binding the at of the swollen impressionsof and up rubber. broken cut was The through JoiLrnal horse. be touched palate. root littleabscess no discomfort at the with gone to modate accom- of the on bridge of his for removed was w^heel corundum The miles seven molar absorption has removed.r REDUCTION Mr.D.probablyon of threatened spite occurred the to end skull-capbandage. place. a days later little of a wire hooks with so fracture of the model and of see by extensive an Two bones. but forced the were crossed were eye. the the the and administered. Walton. the lower trouble days after adjustment patientriding ground the Sixteen alveolus. Science.S. incisors central the jaw above face without forced jaws and well incisor end The the teeth (No. permitted us apart and were the nasal a eliciting MAXILLA. piece of fracture not Uncut hard model restored A day. held taken the the right lateral while incisors. off.the ensure two bloodshot could while position. and place. with line the malar left everywhere. splintwas covered and the bone.after packing the mouth was was line of To on in the bring in rubber. involving Chloroform groan. and another The lower the molar pliers jaw The end was piece incisor was end never of comminuted account from with The in anchor an twisted this time. 60) before position next set the screw held the the in the cuspid splint piece into position firmlyagainstthe splint by could be not forced into easy a in fullyup In the with the lateral and A other has fractured taken splintwas the with the few molars molars since of been restored of the wire tin foil placed from line. OF D. broken as the usual nose . givesthe followingin A alveolus fractured 41 RECORD. kicked was ou^. positionat how articulation passage gum both shows model molar the The pulledinto positionthe followingday. union this purpose. to Ohio superior maxilla. down. of Dental to DENTAL THE taking place quickly. C.the days later the with fractured alveolus. No jaw.

body a require has needed. piling why not a the should a not arguments have deductive such. LONDON: REPRESENTATION ON 1 1891. of contempt. two and of out Medical of before simply which be. argument to Hawkins. influenced which by not upon Register the as legislative enactments. ophthalmic If you admitted elect surgeon. JAN. means any Council. An additional the given by Medical that argument. Council the men why ? The is said means happen. why and. things manage As right of medical for him other the getting men these diploma number of the his a b}^ the have dentist. have aifairs again. large a a of members vote alike dental a It comment. the dentists' number if purely least. conduct of persons. amongst officers. special curri- a paid for. General its send stand at Sismore that the will be Every dentist importance to too them. representative present General the unanswerable an possesses but been representative a numerous as last. own things. and business. Dental Fund. of others. why men. Council. vote in if been a a Ossa certificated vital sented repre- increase the advanced singularly reasoning of and representative exclude not are the their of the most medical representative of in duties. Council. examples as Charles and. as a dentist.42 THE THE DENTAL DENTAL DENTAL RECORD. say.conducted a holding culum. the to question a pendent inde- an affairs. should are friends. and " common-sense one gets in Neither against electing futile. who. one discussed dentists To body. upon should Council . an of scorn nurse upon ? It the is a . secondly. why august were the of spokesmen gynaecologist. by us dentist number of dental Firstly.that by election " " it is let Tomes. of case that shows profession our Register. if the matters Mr. GENERAL THE MEDICAL COUNCIL. to series special a is it us of men.will of lessened. a number medical of And small specialtybe Pelion . RECORD.

we gested by denti'^t can of earthly likelihood of grapple to cognizance. any attaches hoc et dentists ranks. specialism.combining in gynaecologists Carter is have it will said be quite content to accept yet knows man. no has small or with one outside wholly cannot of at practitioners. our dentistry. said. of that before it existed positionsto their owed they We surgery. have not i^aison cVctre than questions of Council the was interests while nurses. those his dentist our means when medical candidate. House before in means Still. placed been a Brudenell Mr. and objection this to answ^er in another but he while who. one the course quite its truer found their different a upon gynaecology. '* Let give Let every one us of be . upon oi alike Duncan. laryngology. his Not a pox those a special diploma. friends This to do. genus are medical a ophthalmic - than more is that is special Register. and them to dentistry and be only can referred always were who Granted. of w4th obtaining and powder." a which which at the in Board of interest we no appears causa by one any pertinently sug were he get the of which stand. domains and fever a wholly are medical to such dentistry omne. present to all Medicine. own from footing special interests. honoris hospital" interests still the bring can these who any that surgery. of death specialistsshould the person in ophthalmic specialist members two lamented But his Duncan Matthews Dr.THE conspicuous fact DENTAL that the specialist. representative best of on3 save there as into go questions at and do must Smale. the . their of State higher run. themselves. physician representative body elaborate an and walk must dentistry is with of Commons it takes appreciated by is general hospitals of have and of But since only speciality of medicine The has dentists teaching the or all fours "runs of the the so special departments. no special curriculum. as Matthews Dr. Mr. candidate a as Council. specialitiespossess no himself interests their known be on and that Health.as we our three induce votes Morton each to a the matters general body of they . late monthly well-known a taken the and 43 RECORD.

by the that all . need we say Parliament is RECORD.or Koch method right side began bacteriological study. a curriculum everything. he 1872 affect not the assistant. Hospital of Hamburg. Health. whereby way in punishment man him upon our upon us. dentist a Dental the write fill the above the rtpresentative. micro- that Koch Hygiene he. before created questions then he election Crown the among and in the is. those . Imperial Board pointed out he still man district surgeon.so of in after and the at very for the comma India. Koch Robert Professor in time made Commission. the It representative.surgeon an noticed on Univ'ersity of bacteriologisthad a having does A 1843. for General He promoted soon which his growing him of detection may selection " cholera. GOSSIP. against dentist every direction. and to be while which some the time a later the was visited appointment acting as Egypt of of Professor the fifty. however. of was discovered of of Klausthal. a admissions Register^ our THE sap. influence. method that specificorganism the he the colour established means. the the German Professor Institute not tubercle of organisms. was is December on Koch Hanover. thereto. and represent any he of Union Fund. next vacancy likely to is vacancy be things important all or indirect. should to get brought be to Ve?'b. right therefrom promptly us may concerning dealing management let we long. otherwise at one disoverywas Cholera by bacillus believed bacillus. By 1882.44 in clear is own our that we DENTAL minds why have may questions touching prosecution the Acts dental shall see medical can another that all bear in the deletions ofTenders let know. This out. the . a of the member a the at appointed was a nth. and a to with decide There obtain dentist a of put . coloured be degenerated tissue. could of and Such it is and direct right quarters a who and to the all pressure is. and of nominees. organism one '' director and native he but others. now holds in Berlin. He born was graduating studied then be to acting as In reputation as first Koch a dye by which this possible. naturally singled process of of Gottingen. appointed.

satisfied regards the declared of early stages healthy he which December. he use." other disease Pasteurian the and Cohnheim. the found investigatorshave vivi^ectionists. on Society. evidence different very earlyyet too the the as points were that guinea-pigs. force by if the even tissue which dead has by inserting setons Dr. the as eminent most tuberculosis. Berdoe and contradictorydeductions based the in in bacillus has Clark. other hand. bronchial Sanderson. be communicated themselves. a specificpoison to gutta-percha. however. the that that be cannot another. paeans of of have further gives Then he briefly a ago years victoryover at had they the least proves a promises of the to secret. disappointment story bacillus. Wilson-Fox. it is far animals. Berdoe." which "comma on for itself be eminent Then are permanent. and tubercle can others have cotton-thread.quoting " Koch and to kings. Koch perfectedor not tells th* of cholera. the the is theory bacillus Lormis animal one opposing opinionsfrom condemns Koch's the that asserted paper. '^ Koch but cure. human a in crazes exonerates his forward bacillus.and the placed a discovery of this was bacteriologists. as yet of was Koch's eminent too early . he by new physiciansto not cause it. first DENTAL the Dr. Simon. for Anti-Vivisection morbific agent specific Gibbs. many other it is the terrible disease. Villemin.THE criticism A written by in appears Dr. Heneage the what experiments that that the on found brieflysketches from drawn have Review Fortnightly partisan of a 45 RECORD.Dr. of man the of them he that ? bacteriologists half-a-dozen of Burdon- proneness made men to composition alleged discovery announced to sound had will do too the the probably very the of from " other Andrew body.in its benefactors take is prophylacticagainst hydrophobia. asks. of records from the Pasteur world " He to effects that of source sufferers who awaits the for " possiblethat a keeping using. being only eightydays ago. in the of other stated is claimed may its injection himself what remedy so seriouslydiscredited Berdoe his first regard is either as hurrying terrible With science the of faith great number of charge effect will be of the of which turns all that produce the by to much press. as reasons that Dr.cork. tubercular pathologists of tubercle that numerous glands. on produced animals. they Berdoe make on it is said manufacture explainableto the and he that that permitting the remedy Koch's that out lymph portion of irresponsible Is it himself assume have given is to and danger.

then and whole division thorough in a after of " our A contemporary friends correspondent filling. 5 parts. after dental long patients much When into make ensure may surface be and lemon. The i per cent. applied Dr. We i. to it who The " the at Square. DENTAL orris root. sufferingfrom was and was his as jury the on dead been girlbeing for hour an death accidental of the from of chloroform. should not of its value. they so may to loses much be 10 " Chemist parts . complains give fill properl}-. Pilling.says acid spirit. and combines is mass Druggist^ composed 10 the to the the mix and ammonia. 2 glycerine.gave a at Result. Precipitated chalk. 50 parts . 25 parts . with effects of the immediately verdict a in her dead The from she had that opinion returned in the on piece of wadding a died and cheek. The half. for coroner RECORD. carmine. Monday Mary Canning. 15 parts parts 150 and Jackson. rectified of sufficiency have and it the essential siftingto colouring matter. now and soap mortar. Salicylic polish given Teeth the to suffer shorter necessities to answer pain one. tiny porcelainjars. " white soap. and peppermint. the to by light rubbing as a it cakes gentle with a cloth. hardened the the is. powdered parts. rendered dissolved in be After by exposing used. *' Learn to can who the which chemist-dentists. oil of peppermint. oil of cinnamon.mixing the return with glycerine. alternative An oils and of add thoroughly in of the done little solution a orris root. and a flavouring compound oil of . found was deputy- Morgue.46 THE Chloroform of Dublin remains of a bed a held girlnamed lady'smaid Mrs. oil of cinnamon. to bottle procured a it. powdered . Pain a a of chalk. Dissolve well with the the carmine chalk the oils. use Dentifrice.which she narcotic. saturated called girlhad been She toothache. of chloroform discovered.and moulded." isters min- the that gentleman his a . The be in put up powder parts "antiseptic"by of with been in be to into formed a this is hardish mass cakes. Merrion 12. parts. 150 . the who incautious Pate her Boyd.e. soft cotton gives the addition the and warmth. Fatal " inquest on an Saturday night on and Toothache.a "ufficiency. oil of " Pate of oil of may thyme. mortar.

or by those These your the adapt obtained milk-glass.writes Jonrnal little blue best careful such according of WITH : There " three be must and " The by using beads. and form. transparency. Care this would as to If it is desired inch tube.one two rubber blow-pipe. is said one local anaesthetic.. gasoline is to foot blower an pipes blow- use down. . perforatedby in consists blow-pipe inch one BLOW-PIPE. tube combine through out passes the of glasstubing the to to ordinaryalcohol to of pass glasstubes. writing The part of menthol.through two Dental the International fitted diameter. are of holes. brown. Herbst having any brown. ordinarymouth air is made and the a which Two Journal^ mouth rubber-stopper. for to filling in best or fine and way necessary may no is a need. the color produced little very the alteration as are very ground are tooth. a Jnurnaltstir Mr. parts of chloro- of ten composed spray. to inches two the to the passing through long. International the OF METHOD as to so " results to obtain average color of color. J.D. Melbourne. D. By blowing through should the the a bottom with quart bottle with stopper. yellow. mixed have small a good GLASS.S.white. FILLING colors. the the To to serve the should the varying apertures be used not to of the gasoline out from in blow other the to that bottle and of the heat. Australia. blow-pipe tube It lamp. HERBST THE Mr. of glass viz. Reed. sulphuric ether as 47 RECORD. I find the case four or yellow. kinds.. w^ill be force found of advantage. of one of properties intense an flame. the to as Dr. one-eighth tube. with Dental rather or tooth. the size of increase of the of end as latter other tubes. the a gasoline. all a The the volatile produces merely four mouth-piece tube. the is filled ignited by be may is necessary the wrong A and is half bottom feet these mouth-piece.and quantity of white. which bottle. J. fifteen parts of to be effective very A " ilt^m0raMlta" GASOLINE says : " in extending nearly attached inserted the other with be attached bottle. occasionallya of the to Bruce.about the extending with about glass tubes.DENTAL THE Local Anesthesia. James A.

of the material. respectively. sharp edges. and hard). and burner it to allow model the moistened get rid of the to necessary After glass filling by placing a Bunsen a The layer of one india-rubber wax.however. heat excessive plaster and altering the without sharper edge cavity better very few good match Perhaps I inserted into labial it is always lighter than the tooth. nice. doing and moments places. remove prepared by add followingsuggestions: should be can The the gold without of impossibleto kind The color might for make coating. important part an cavity with plaster and your cavity (to make hold to in the which leaving glass mixture. ready edge. with " of the be color one possible.48 THE the Prepare leaving it in the No. very Heat then off. the them. First try of the white cement or brown Dr.pressing it 60 RECORD. the difficult to procure previouslyin color the in have so Herbst as from filling in gives the but . Before gold coating. but . with Proceed latter impression (the wax wax into cavity one. mixed with three are glassas very much to fit the adds for an one filling may in made assistant. a once is almost the above the right There work." part one as add fine a as little . Dry thoroughly. enough use the of the bottom being is run. w^ax.and the in proportion thoroughly set. the with success boil in cavity IJENTAL and mortar layer and require. the the to of then the sand cool mouth and is to bring in the same very process the much resembles is not needed.and nearly fillsthe cavity. with such some or together. practicebe natural are They of beads. when than then former second of the a than more blaze a before. as edge and make outer the to little until the in sand firmly)and -pipe. continuous-gum it is and gold the others the as add proceed glassexactly to way the top. adhere blow smoke.Next. the an These are such the well to It is somewhat glass ground brown work fillingis tooth This layer. parts of the white by burning the a cavity fillingswhen firm used mouth.such forms and glass filling. remove with surfaces.which slight undercuts the to than darker the as cool. very up the on sharp a is grains of cement is result this few used being pumice. taking finally impressionof little mouth the gold foil.can that cavities The coating It is done altogether seems it. formed.the your When inserting. the out a withdrawn gold being of two any place with to undercuts without line the filling. third last insertion used being is cavity. and and made a that it the needle agate in very filling slightly the to a perfect fit.

be not pronounced.R. The development periosteum and of life.impair the of the * two malformations The so how understand To pulps. FEBRUARY DISEASES VARIOUS Mr. disease of all others in by could they case did. Gentlemen. (Original By RECORD. W. One is. months few formed which and may that. direct effects of inflammation teeth temporary reach set of are any Society. rule.the Dental second Hospital.it is necessary is that the the the dental first set show the that other of the inflammations specific and life. mind occur children a as are gums. mere rule..P. and had meant. the are the Dental the permanent no the majorityof whole disease frame syphilitic does not. in bear if ever. peculiarand a the the teeth developing I authority.C. known with title of this paper investigation and with Congenital syphilisis perhaps the its stamp TEETH. while A VOL. THAT S. C0mmuniratt0ns.S. that in intra-uterine born healthy.S. At calcified and but occur. 1st.The dental Vol. (Hutchinson). and some which sets alteringtheir way quite characteristic appearance. for this than pen justifyspeaking of the few a THE what moment accepted it so which on AFFECT M. mistaken a for stunted and so anything ill-formed appearance.London a the first already are inflammations yet as as peculiarities Students' to rarely. L. pulps occurring during birth. 1891. of the teeth Paper read before XI. XI. in those well noL cases a I quite impossiblein so practical have only influence a medicine to should subject diseases which of paper has some teeth.- justiceto do to of years the readilyas important of more less remote or only give them length. one have not and selected for thought I should 2.. syphilisaffects facts. No.Lond. Hor.D.R. D . L.FORD. President If I have left immense abler some experience would the teeth.as to more mine all would almost be disease every connection growth that in upon and the giving well-marked a else . and. the beyond teeth.C.

the which than size. well-marked. their at and tooth six-year molars shaped The are Mr. of Jonathan would rounder which colour upper and birth. and enamel. once The teeth tions observa- after late. which.but The the are should size. and principally say. these They towards at whole is out withhaving congenital syphilis. now had two remainder sharp spikeslooselyattached small the the and Coleman Mr. very deserves made months two that central the except where all cases. mention. most bably pro- development. dwarfed are sharp spines. as present which affected. wider cutting edge of the incisors of than tooth. with in describe. tion excep- .one few a the usual the practicein about to be up by hand. are gum generally small are are as colour colour.their irregulareruption. escape. DENTAL defects in and chances of decay. with to as spaces what dirty translucent a is not seen. two these is that weeks remove nipple shields. time."and. in rather appearance. at teeth. incisors removed. rounded. two It used children but. which are may which normal be are them and calcified at is band a dome- more or just after of fectly imper- deficiencyof quantity. soon than normal. and generally known the he put the other any " than notch and be far so extends the The each their width several often are devoid canines ring a to The the round arrest some stunted other. a called set permanent between are the brought Sometimes.but to once leaning tips. old. little below a at single broad a smaller are teeth. owing and confirmatorysymptoms.50 THE set liable are their considerablyaugment There is form of peculiarities to effect of one RECORD. viz.which lower of enamel been has readilyforgotten. The normal. edges. to formerly were the to at birth. are cusps. look cusps their tips..due smaller. deficient in with the quality.it found and cases. but birth. eleven on when birth. owing . and in a disappear.and temporary of invention found. not usually decidedly peg-shaped. to at calcified dentine seldom The of necrosed caps them. teeth the temporary syphilison which structure. the teeth are of placed widely apart. notched. necessary.and the tip. goes placed widely apart bases is very incisors central Hutchinson have These normal. to being hard patient down newly-erupted specimen. w^ith sharp serrated. formed rest of the round of much the having. just below from its sharper than teeth enamel. being in form peg-shaped.and mastication.makes they reallyare.

as yellow colour. but unusual The with syphilis. going the and blood on to necrosis.THE teeth Syphilitic the insufficient down wear DENTAL quantityand defective quickly and. so acute periostitis. tartar . extremely of inherited is effect no their the on exfoliation This surface of liable portionsof bone of the hard supply. in rule. possible in decided a caused this effect it is somewhat well-known a of produce obvious no ptyalism occurs. limited. palateor it may or indeed development of necrosis may separates the in distinctness and mercurial the pittedon it is very form. The various follicular and the usuallyknown These they very occur forms same the forms way that you as far say.the 61 RECORD. especially are often and they shew there may teeth a as which node a on suppurates cutting off" the bone. of young children.it the is is due They enamel. gangrenous. the teeth by causing with and in two commence periosteumfrom the commence as and does necrosis them change not result in the to the teeth. syphilitic when that is and stomatitis. congestion tumefaction and It produces mercury somewhat resembles that fact that mercury cases many children it may which in by difficult to given to that is. the the normal which the case becomes the difficult. find to rare been cuttingedge having to the worn flat.aud known lower relations thinning of a their at thin." In the stomatitis D 2 . which it should syphilis.Why it is understand.of bad. which remarkable are teeth. "That can ulcerative. unless Acquired syphilis. which is of thrush. condition it is in the being rare jects sub- acquireddirectlyafter birth.you in the aphthous under various of stomatitis of a teeth as my tooth in a marked degree experiencegoes. Stomatitis. crescentic slightly a and enamel syphilitic is deficient in what is forming surface.this as ones distinction between quantityand quality. very typical notched for their softness. The teeth. after whole qualityof thirty.however. either ways. thicklycoated are cutting edge honey-combed teeth. be form. The administration effect the on children to teeth. has with edges. is the result of tooth. affect the cannot the are stomatitis name but earlyin life. floor of the nose.as have rarelyaff"ectsthe mouth.

the thin-edged teeth. and bone are the dentine.and The often are and with " present seen enamel variety. from indistinguishable of simple inspection would with times some- tipsand extending when without even opposite side teeth are are straight between. and the to the varieties usual little circular deeply. whichever clue cases. to rightthrough tooth. eruptivefevers has at filling. have second to the the effect stomatitic thin-edgel. the that " carious former malformed of interval an extremely bad are cutaway the away the up teeth The the on of quantity or arranged its fellow bands two peculiar crinkley a early. when gold. forms.but necrosis.providing which enamel of quite are cases in which cases plan the and tooth. as.necrosis of of not. destitute goes Eruptive and occurring fever. these greater position. occupies remarkable by altering ways.though usuallyfairly are present cases and impair either pitsin attacked be may Some escape. extend a ulcerative developing on quality of as follicular stomatitis. of the cases cases exfoliation the does RECORD. between. of the fevers. hardly be can The The health treatingthese teeth.so that. part. been at once not further Necrosis the give no number of take with or with a suffered The of enamel and usuallydecay begin once you I have stop. you tip. shewing attacks The rare.measles the know done by causing arrested proceed hole surface influence and during earlylife are I shall in are unsightly. small-pox.therefore again. But whatever is done Fevers.52 of young in bad some of number stomatitis the the down right lines the tooth across tooth a band of normal from tissue successive variable degree several best for face the then the result their development. small-pox last. of subsequent symmetrical.with cases are nearly . the teeth up stunted your by time any any as to measles It is a the its Teeth whose of the fevers stomatitic ment developoccurrmg teeth. by describing them exanthematous after in two necrosis. particularlyscarlet the patientduring origin.consideringthe germs tooth growing honey-combed studded tooth ulcerative the or rule. variety. the children. except perhaps of is to pitted and or with over reach The enamel. if they exposed is very for small a it may patienthas These appearance.usuallyof the inflammation a DENTAL THE disease the Scarlet the fact that process fever of exfoliation the causes intermediate that produces it.is to grind injuring the pulp. the carious.

there find that the gum teeth.act rheumatic which in the most combined much occurs and meat are character a in rapidly the extravasations. immediately to- start similar.according consists sequestrum teeth foetid together with Salter. to loosen effect.petechialhaemor- and appear odour teeth.irrie-juice of vanced ad- vegetables.but symptoms is be not may gether. exposing necrosed The was the attack an portiononly on enquiring attack time after that there usuallythe only you the crypts containing their the is brought to you are of scarlatina Usually case.THE DENTAL always symmetrical: though they side follows one The historyof a the after the other. usuallyvery nasty discharge in the child's mouth may not may soon the ages usuallybetween with these 53 RECORD. the six superiormaxilla of case weeks the Mr. tumid. it was historythat quite accidentally or the receding from and a secreting be not loose. Guy's Hospital Report. and is usuallysimple.aud far. necrosed on side one the other. The disease. aged of only patient young foetid breath very These discharge. to A noticed examination on of the necks very with tenderness. cases is of three and eightyears. removing Scurvy. often ulcerate the and It the rhages depression. and they bleed easily.provided marvellous manner. tonics. give patient's strength by good food. a treatment deodorisingmouth before till the wait is loose sequestrum it. potash. with mental apathy occur. drop out. eaten. . any complained of. The of these cases wash. imparting alveoli only become remedies the disease has not are and fresh aud citrate with l.when progressiveanaemia. and The The slough. and are followed thickened a . rare breath. girl a previously. is now. mentions four who. but successors. which the conditions these the them of diet. will. Scurvy first mouth through too fortunately.a injudiciousselection an vegetablesare few through involved. have too aud any the teeth especiallylemons.in the had nearlythe and a small On whole sequestrum the about of either scarlet alveolus or may may duration of the alveolus containing the temporary her of . pains of a and limbs. horriblyfoetid absorbed. too by large subcutaneous gums tissues of the symptoms Briefly. back With deeply congested. Support the and plenty of fresh air. case you fever.measles nearlyalways get or historyof a small-poxcontracted an short a previously.

PARIS of the of the dental British M. by you patientcomes square the the it up what.according two defective whose of the historyof make into been congenital syphilis. Godon. to which tooth without come may the though thing get well get is to do to of have will say yes. normal teeth recapitulate. these cases. at the opening Association. but how It may know. Baldwin. Ch. attack discoverable any treat near rather a itself. molars.C. if you Why teeth To the examining largemajority of of very attrition of flat perfectly a not Another causes. dental Gout. only hope originto A ant import- will periostitis effect of gout I don't yet painful. OUR By Translated On of the reading the Annual by LETTER. always possibleto of and you whose be may the inquiringinto hearing in understand. stop may which get signs are peculiarform a liable outward dental usual may without on You wrong. to an is not I patients.R. Gouty subjectsare in the mean. that I you fear. are pain and reason patientsare gouty go no causes an}^ they mouth their make that sense nice particularly not structure eruptive disease the has case.D. delivered Meeting present situation H.S. : either teeth stomatitis or of the none is that that his smooth edges. notice ask of teeth 2nd. most the and them a which periostitis. and if are they the to molars in a they gouty.54 the record. at Exeter Dental professionin L. gentlemen. and owes In fevers. very for you its deficiencies by patient and can a good discussion. be that disease. briefly their In with should softer rendered their the seems nerve. always provided it whilst and you. been the even then are its this cause it is one's mind.S. are could I don't during to this good be than originto without development ist.not. M. The its owes little small a the marked. it is very cause curious very but intractable patient's gout..Again. upon the and the your country . you dental bad-tempered. cause class it is hole periostitis. .which tell which quite impossibleto has structure divided any conclusion. has impaired classes. address. his mouth surface usuallyunmistakable not in very . I beg been will make a up thank to the for superficial paper.

which contain not a abolishingmasterships. dentistry this last dentists of amount schools (1884). it seemed Enghsh our 55 RECORD. sante.also schools The were negative the ext)ert.by creating dental for subject in (Appeal). the attempts doctor. themselves the the of edict royal devote to year XI. but this on of Cassation the to The article relative to any Several it. beginning Dental the and The the suits. many developing abroad. our The It will is with what practiceof medicine. did practice title conditions France.to profession. their schools profession. in France the wishnig doctors or foreign dental educated composed chieflyof practitioners.000 were During all. medicine. which under has regulation which those compelled obtain to teeth. in Great called afloat are certain analogous. was the reputationat to obtain to enjoyed in some absence of care dental frequentlycited two which regulated afresh the the last 1846. of the Ventose the examination upon the suppressed by wished who in entirelyfree it. graduates to complement.500 graduates many the favour founded the France composing to : a not and intervention progress 2. intervention. the exclusively instruction . by of 50 nearly as was of the set century. professionhas been quite practisingin France. and sented pre- they certain Dental their form 2. applied to finallysettled was of not century the of to (1803). States. was law.and situation our proposed. 1790 of medicine. and which dentists. on dentistryis practised.in the owe enjoyed work to School men Petitions above they had societies which considerable changed. Britain.viz.in situation to of 1768.those law dentists societies.who of all government has made of law sense. France.to outstripped.. 19th of law could so assimilate be the dentist Court 1827 and This time the dental rise gave authorities art the impetus to years The French (1880). apprenticeship. ability and technical it de officiers schools .of of again practiceof dentistryhas the has or ofl^ce.and the of body Out contained about and remainder by made to at first. variable disputes. dentistry. For been which of reform been ing interest- be legalsituation actual Deputies.at the Chamber the them how seen is that it would me schemes the be to show confreres.DENTAL THE different schemes to of the dental in country. concerns to space the concerning bills attention the points. of the this United great gave have in of whose see School Thanks ten selves themin of to the Paris those years.

which aggregate an possess professional markedly superiorto ability dentists. (i867-1877). and each their dependencies. as he anaesthesia. a barber importance. dentistry: other hand is the other midwives. .That differ.one years complete to exaggerated.actually about that be added. That he he which contact with but of the does have medicine. a The many it borrows special in now They point if it has to (Holland) in less guarantee. rise to they complete all those some tends which be to RECORD.giving prescriptions. who To these more and of whole and the that of the dental hundred. school long to show to be the of own inducing general anaesthesia. two two professionalbody. using dangerous his the that of completely complex question and a of one-tenth of their professionaltraining upon regulation and is have to seem is that schools. Moreover. z"..56 THE presented In under order comprising other the loftiest.. dentistrywith and that feeble too practicegeneral tolerated It is still less and mouth. doses in created permit now adopted this solution.taking the to the legal organization of better he ought that. but specialists. problems There relative to remain the profession.therefore. arising first and enormous conditions DENTAL the the out points most of of its .are peculiar nature this is considered still practise medicine. then. two of course a dependencies. become made insufficient. Of the have predecessors care guarantees same of medicine. This of to seems be must French These last category. The be in more the from that practiceof dentistry different lists another than more mention to the which foremost apprenticeship. employs drugs old under been of and objectionis not a ments require- study order of work same dentistrywhich separate management was does mouth reputed to the of the opinions of the the the the majority of foreign countries.does able as qualification time one dentist. general. as the studies has teeth. differences. odontology odontology (Austria)illegal practicehas who of course a of trial of a be the resolved remedies in of that countries to medical of the and that specialstudies role of care dangerous. art on of the not ten not in of the with of French law numerous. the on said also that the undertakes would duration be spent the knowledge which upon subject to "c. are advocates To dentist initiative. Some its and make doctor out and be other trainingthere facultyor that the and for which of its be the gave it up after of diploma.and the they require. necessary preluded to graduates {diplomes)of numbering this served it is and profession.

either free England practiceof The diploma going for say. by several solutions have their on to gone the tapis: of dentistry on the dentist a specialdental shall which of schools obligatoryfor and of surgeon. 3rd. assimilation Complete ten and resources. their reform absolute would organised teaching have dentists intervention of and under the same conditions. pottery. they give State. things for would be impossible. and the diploma possessing of specialdiploma the 5th. responsibilities committees. and such teaching of dental offence new of which fees. Creation but are of necessity doctor The inopportune. Postponement quo. Lastly. own their doctor 2nd. a any State succeeding to Som. be profession.this the initiative and to Thus ist.the sculptor. accidents There the "c. benefits the last hundred very the and often each declined raisingof a create a altered state suppressionof which has years public of the of dentistry)because (illegal practice dental the State show to school extractingor dressinga without nothing legalpoint of the artizan of for architects of the of century government and of only be can specialdental a the arrange it as advocates the from complaints is new it would do. be the J suppressed saute dentist diploma of for ! dentist or obligatory.for the offence for necessity been and impossible to of prosecuting practicalimpossibility advocates the school a issue to Germany. or for the do quo illegal the of part This it. any on status in case has Have the there public. in of dentistry. any intervention would (creationof schools.). given by status ago of medicine.since years de surgeon'sdiploma (officiat The the 4th. maintenance the for on ? of medicine.. and that it is point the belonging to or of the because technical a like the would in profession a 57 record jeweller. From a as faculty.after study dental in the dentistry.e in France as intervention been. specializaton is the in engineers. not see which matter a drawbacks. tooth. give to certain class of citizens a during would which for mean the it would view mechanic.the modeller. all interveption pr maintenance of the . same work own selves them- " with medicine. "c. view.thp: the arts of the operations from the in worker from adequate. faculty.say they.

the the the found of scheme schemes. through medicine practice. new creation the school dental a to examination. France. doctorate. c n legislation the plans are the schemes the for assirralation decided societies professional two (1882). .or. sante regulation. those To of diploma Lockroy. one Deputies.proposed in of advice the Paris after sante M- of utilityof regulating of practiceof medicine. of medicine.Since on acquirement unique scheme. those are V Art (vice-rectorof facultyof different and ardent and one petitions. "c. quo. Dentaire which regard to its support gave proposing been in the was different his subjectof dentistry.Dr.and new schemes. Academy on diploma Committee with the The specialdiploma a bodies Instruction. June for the maintenance upon a 3rd. and to preceding. inserted Chamber of the of intermediary the Gallard. M. dentistryis considered. de official of the status maintenance the and of the one of of M.Associatio?i spoke again practiceof Chevandier. Whilst the des of all of the with In for Dentistes de agreed all these be to Whilst simply the of the Ecole The two This scheme the therein. of dentist. and in Deputy like M. agency or which different Generale the Minister the on Health Public Chamber the At de official the from foundation). the Government Galippe. Societe the dentist.the schemes new the of having necessity Commerce. being agitated by required simply a specialdiploma of he Chamber.as with officialde Dr. (formerly director since i88q). adopted by of as are emanated (of recent of the concerned which question of of rector the on faculty. of the . chairman question has specialstudies recommend a this last solution 1887.and in the members necessary This (1884).the Paris).after study medicine the the Academy report of Prof. in 1885. numerous as after several 1880.58 All these The In Greard Public dental give dentists The the The of general of doctor schemes for dentistry. 1890. have in full desire as David diploma societies adopted first of all expresses de others. question. of for the up medicine. of the of sante^ the de Paris^ and dental professional was the the Commission the a ment adjourn- the raised in meeting tion connec- all the old Stomatologic recommend Dr. Syiidicalede of RECORD. Minister the authorities themselves among Chambre their plans have public divided of DENTAL THE for once agreed assembly. of proposed Lefort. immediately interested. France^ protested. Chevandier.through of Dentaire the supporters. in clause other.asked dentist..

of Baltimore.indicates qtiQ^ Exercise DENTAL which examined demand by that both State Boards graduates and before admission non- to practice. Dr." field of action of the Dentistes this case.what decide lend " of I would existence " and Legislation some of advisability several then for Dental President. State our shall publishesin August suggest that this body take all the a IN Foster. the for Will shelving they. These We have permit laws the recognisingthe diplomas of reputableschools. M. to practiceto the exclusion of all others . which graduates of will question of LEGISLATION the requirements. dentists Dental American " Deputies. dental a proceedings we regulating laws statutes. and The name differences of of which under dentists.THE status project of regulation Medicine. secondly. full the leading spiritsin set States. subjectsof : not EDUCATION thoughts the on the Commission reforming well seems could by DENTAL " for Laws any France^ 1890. opinion. States. his that engrossing are into find that is not glean examination hasty different States will weaken. and the institutions that would as uniform a be the from bring This have it as ought the between if not by are the consideration practiceof the rough and regulatingthe laws our address. that The des ? conditions Chamber the preceding Commission. uniform no means to be." of M. subject? To the in these the acceptable. Generale Association In would 59 RECORD and. Report solutions. for Facultyof the the limits of the dentist's its to support themselves.fix Government simplestof says it '' ? alreadyfounded the de Says one. 2. (See Dubois adoption the like be before Chamber of the retards P. of schemes could effect. and associations destroyour entirely if tinued con- of the national profession. of the settle the indeterminate to us the the be the dentists medicine. presented by face of the decision the In positionof Medicine the Dental the Review of dentistryin analysisof will W. in their of acting together with we. We This Association.) professionalsocieties.and practiceof dentistryin 1. holder desiringthis privilege. laws be conflict annual the The America. we a on of From the them Education in AMERICA.

only years. at of one for him Board at practically moment a advised. that his would be to Examiners. had has advantage if these "Let It objection. privilegeof practiceby with money. a our the time and graduate. ** In require that those This would practice.have first universallyadopted. laws Avhen particularly law.60 DENTAL THE We 3. favor have laws RECORD. that were such of working would-be States.whether or less without place a serious seriouslyaffect members of extension of the three fair to he judge knows.who our which collegetraining on no No ? is. demanding examinations. to he like progressing me backwards. who one this to that not. were interests the examine at seem seems medical profession. to We 4. first graduate for the to the to m.laws what enjoyed. and one mentioned. much at the that have and colleges. If '^ the circumstances decide These of laws implied of our distrust collegegraduates and want of . and demand preparationfrom sessions ? us for that in better of money . In " regard alike. as was of college preparation suggestions.eans and subjectedto the should home and himself much at thereby save if he last himself prepare to go looks a tistry den- it would be before the go in college and This ordeal.in is it fair form plat- same of permits it would what and time of I know colleges. State pupils to as prepare State laws previous preparation. examination an colleges. Under to age to five such would man colleges go who added aggregate average the members college. it would or has who man this.and our more cant appli- an But expense board not those would the earnestly advocated so training have obedience alreadylengthened look I know much glance all their their to time to of to say this. State another ? shall take will remain the three of years to and can Again^ show does to the not under years this forced whole do world their you no the is believe home that to the let the and discrimination in regard years of permittedto practice. but allowing this graduates only. admission applicant is twenty-one he for preceptorshiptwo not at them prepare required by himself make Association Dental preparation prior to the pass his examination. same of student limited. with or examinations demanding exceptional clauses whether dentists. have graduates laws not. of in medical of the favor degree.

above and this wet a this that too that us examinations demand from all others exclude institutions ? preceptor. quoted. to they throw have we not time and and there for ''Suppose that not qualifiedfor all graduates. public of such one of our Board thus turning of jecting re- profession. has been deserving. torture such of encourage the degree in from ordeal State. like the is competent the the to which diploma last fit and colleges. are schools ? own our 61 RECORD. ought think. of the and he in one ordeal same Would of of its selection The the be any their faculties to student and a jointly con- all theoretically.DENTAL THE confidence of some in Is this not in calculated allow schools.but States United that world like Caesar's be can trusted country. that national a which laws have We 2nd. graduate they way suspicion. together with let such there respectiveState and practically worthy presidentor then work found each required with both graduation. evidently imperativelynecessary alone and them on dental seem money these laws these the prestigeand thereby destroying the reputation. through satisfied.These the blanket a wife. . boards. State the examine candidates the signed by the faculty. a which Laws is it not And own can practitioner a none privilegeof practice: all other forbid ofiEce of the the to seems possible that even destroy our recognise quoted above degradation? college training a and practitioner.and the country.and It the take to ground it suppose practicein " 3rd. our the who student has procuringhis degree should the is respiteor no awaits of torture If he emigrates reason further protection some examinations. . rejoicein unpleasant duty State and State every being down to be relieved incom- . It does aid single college in of every the value " on is consideration. and responsibility a diploma another of when where subjectedto the diploma secretary of the board. *' the injure and to way every foreign countries Even Under college degrees. a laws recognise the diploma such only rid of all examinations.and examination the be thoroughly. concede In practice. our recognized. but laws. relied of all reputable like these laws privilege. for in Boards collegeor collegesexist dental be do is inflicted. and They be by publishing dental no proper in exemption this settles. no Under where matter the another. let members I be accepted in for reason The ? collegeswould. much so his examination passes to spent have relief for him him.

at menacing on prey had past year in Education.the medical under all trans-atlantic in the medical dental an his numbers one the Italy and France. of for graduates rapid multiplicationof a which question attained results annually. dislike Dr. increase been in means some articles of Report has men Britain. a an United graduate. medical " similar be graduates confrere. not repetitionof submit to be bumble-bees feel they graduation would do were RECORD.62 THE patent the men. at ' of Austria that Possiblythe checked.so may of out one present collegesof in now dental to number graduate He the who country.and rather than in the desire to excel prominent school some quality.that a numbers present least stock laughingsuch six hundred rnade is a the by equal. capable number States that the of this The : States involves prosperityof probabilitywill the " 963." Then the forward of number C. ex- used Riggs always biggest " of sense a thoroughly examined. has is the soon so-called secure of our Great progress of at issuance demonstrators constantlyto that incorporation of largeproportionof and increase only remedy able of swarms education present time the out this country. which is The profession. I believe and would dentists hatched after and " the like fairlyand They do to an much so them. Dr. they will constitutions. be they as say students DENTAL Board of Examiners. by N." In schools that ought lies in none be probably to colleges and " dental class at dental says for support. mortification be obliged State a to first when to before appearance aminations. In is infirmaries licenses. in fertility and a dog : will be collegesmight be " but ' the ment amend- reputableand incorporation. says United the future schools eventually the adopted whereby to the At in been unsuspecting public. brought Philadelphia. combined. satisfied. that fact dependent are the of the to fessors pro- temptation is beyond capacityfor instruction. Peirce. to such to of of the schools national of State men State almost the on the class in attendance the to same the estimate its value by has this been true graduating class. Germany. United co-equal with Further extent the the control. subject of rapid be of rate the turn This every States. "While very medical extent least.after statingthat schools the Dental on dental largelyexceeds carried the results by Section of the Report view the a the upon compensation like sustenance. To such an by publishing a large two or three years .

THE since the express few the same condition of graduated words rather insufficiency that successive two the under a present organizationof a schools. N. V. the the man are as because and to whom others same a or This even dentist. Black " to satisfactory both learned has least valuable opinionsof writes the be be degree diplomas may degrees individual Mississippi. a on for board Peirce while not all concerned. or grant of own the influence " holds whilst be : see who man corrupt number to humanity. specialist brother Not on graduate dentist a California or standards school a enough. writes the side. he states G. men the corruptiblelegislature. school. reverse free from earnest by I that have if the that kind be never effort to of qualifications controlled exit. with satisfied that final examinations of push the circular become entirely were influence. made the excellence. of which word every following extracts which by experiment to any be cannot dollars idea an may obtain to cull the We Education. apart shall passed. repay I have others by papers best by C. in institutions educational our say. solidity. large majorityof very 63 RECORD.are the make will God it pupils. five students should we " DENTAL terselyand temptation or is to than rather to superficiality proficiency. he had be cannot though they collegeis the he be can winning are one In that the day The day the the dentist will all that He his will be an imply. a be Dr." : " fullysympathize with your idea that we shall never have a . till the our granted by enough. New Ottolengui. will know something words money influenced necessarily that part of the paper of of Dental Education who an us Certainlyit will forward." to is that in which Thus written." Besides Dr. therefore another when the " : Perhaps the and eagle stamped it would be controlled " I matter those for entrance Dr. the tendency our than To years. contributed York. standards.In the in all that surgeon the will of from will in medicine. on who Such them. of would well " system in which permits him whom humanity be This in whilst the by time medical oral . professionimproved. to up come a hope cannot a men their colleges set coast be not a proportion in I have from the must Atlantic charter to from dentist who men the environment of those ten whilst honestlylive This trust. superior on practitioner more. Dental one. conceived subject of the on perusal.

as is done call their at one of knowledge expectedfrom always been to the went of purpose amount an who that those observed was degree. standard a profit upon The easily. graduateas many in many schools. the cart by States.writes Dr. for income to goes advantage being of the school as possible. "I very am glad to our to the manufacture collegesin this to them a it a months them with to return few it is time to a halt by certain sufficient consideration of the load. The school^ rather the Dental or Universitynicelycovers " be facultiesthat teach^ tniLst To degrees. " {c) In many schools the together. the States. of Paris. of that see of granting power educated.listeningto from professors preparingand juniorand the same struction senior classes receive inlectures.D." Dr. say the presentsystem influenced by unintentionally. by : indicated have should profession." he has been where to the be done applicantonly through the knows deprived of the ideal it must reach and responsibility who one much inferior an possessed to what American had dental degree. . The American well-deserved reputation throughout Europe.S. : intentionally. without the United " of scientific baggage with of D.D. until within the past few years.for could that member a knowledge possessedby those who are armed diplomas of D. owning stock and drawing (commercially) share of the profits.'s an his American an impartialbody and qualifications. " '' or Ottolenguithen The salient {a) Each to on to objections school erects and admit men the chances : " self-interest.S. is apt of men.instead of receivingfixed {h) The professors duct for the^'rservices. deliveringtwo sets This of saves the one lectures. are remuneration directlyinterested in the conof the institution. of its own. DENTAL THH have we the national a single a " of shall devolve power body upon whom Your conferringthe degree which shall represent that standard. the number attraction to a are these The school ing depend- of matriculants. who reference without Hugenschmidt. when United and citizen.64 until efficiency of standard satisfactory RECORD. the idea. largenumber it is to the of easy graduation.Thus they are benefited by the results of a to '* objection[a). had attached degree. acquiringan American of after countries a course attending respective 'of your second-class bringing back colleges.

THK and primary is first year other the (^d) In of one is that result demand. to its purport. collegesthe without just right. first instituted. but by demanding attention can the under are each in instruction qualityof of the which used are students preceptors proper much student." the detracted of eyes school its students by examination diplomasto grant the in the extracts of Atlantic.is own the long also have school. then.Here. have and unsatisfactory. receives even "If the ance guid- department. diplomas from deprivethe educational merely insistant from insistance The less attention. due terms large classes. erected a would the remedy system this side of the on A at present operating self-interest. examinations. againstsuch arguments is his what strong feelingis arisingin America. we in have the an memorial im- time bodies for medical for students. very facilitiesfor show to The reached be must to proposes enough the that can right to grant diplomas exist. that are Without by the probably a of the cease againsthigh education.in varying an right professionin England. granted.should own merit of an been have the are very quoted anomaly American the The ably put forward (i). is This country. with student this eventuallylearn could we of these most in which increasingthe he extracted with present of the unworthy felt interest to in the examine diploma duller student which a to unfair liability graduating list. That who those their from has teach and studeni-s. They are briefly well and above.we the undertook and had Royal College been on to the one of our the examination Examining Surgeons. the teacher. who of the chief conduct same when the Board a dental ready have examining Dental for to diploma was hand.and and easy (2) the by an before the be potent factor most the intricacies of the of state present scheme we affairs. instruction. a professionand enormously in that welfare of their and has which will who man standard. Now m Eng'and. same way Examining E . only obtain. to only be intelligible " DENTAL order standards to increase the the of different colleges. because wasted. dental system have we the the becoming acquiring knowledge. our from almost Examinations principles. and is that result technical two or with The advanced of the many only the 65 RECORD advanced. insidiously towards is the schools objectionswould independent body. into followingthe essayist which student preceptor.

American Annual above Mr. for and Treasurer's the of President.. and Mr.Eng.. Ordinary Monthly Meeting and held Society was reformers English Examining our their SOCIETY General the note diploma.Eng H.1891-2. On casual Mr. Fehx Weiss. . superiormaxilla previouslyhe years lady whose patient.D. quite ignorant and are would-be DENTAL Bennett. J. Mr. set placed all the the on Officers for the adopted. Hull.as she encumbrance an of superior maxilla the on unequal one side .S. showed absorptionof upper not trouble it or dispense .were then balloted for and elected. the indifferent apparently most one we of any standard scheme America from RECORD. There chair.R. produced. non-resident was at of Members. He had Royal College been of acquiredduring table. in member. they will of based heartilywish be soon the attaching to able take steps D. was wear an shortly the lower was consequence plate. J. Session. thought she communications made did. was good a Report Librarian.. Gibbings. the on Maudsley Howkins.66 THE distinct quite Board examiners high uniform the that hail graduates and is Board . it resulting upper and entirely edentulous. The January. his read the Curator by of the that had specimens his read Report.S. related from lower The a Browne denture About for a ten did not preferred to pressure need called " (Exeter). The The GREAT OF 12th L. the on the teaching colleges. M. Report. did she being Mason of unilateral case pressure. Storer precedent and read was Ashlev AIr.D.D.D.however. minutes Thos. OF ODONTOLOGICAL The to a pleased to are among as in well REPORTS THE lines same maintain i"ito care We in favour them to only collegesthe what to as knowledge. attendance The discredit the remove in hope and endeavours. the previous Meeting Mr. absorption the of In the jaw to and models. read were elected. balloted The present SOCIETIES. L. The Curator. their and from.C.S. if she with. of the BRITAIN. followed the Surgeons. months the twelve of L. confirmed. and proposed was as a Badcock.S.S.

historyof a fall which The a similar series were The roots. may mother attached when the first it some child occur whose the bicuspids bicuspids was. young were types were Robbins have the strange in this first superiorbicuspid was for the a to exhibited stronglymarked.and said are the in shown molars one on abnormalitymost who children. cusps handed this instance the other somewhat youngest jaw who man In gland. Mr. the imitated.lateral.and the patientat he told him. Mr.DENTAL THE resulteci. which missing others. calculi the former the on exhibited. re-appearingin In in that external the medical was present the specimens to mouths the they illustrated being same had of whom remarkable from that in teeth models. superiorcanines being tricuspidated. the latter a was not a or common un- occurrence. noticed being and members some insectivorous of the Some of generationto models were bicuspids out. was Mason Browne the in were ? gland rare. the by referred Mr. and Mason R. what of them the see museum. out was of position. respectively. the permanent consequently limited standing. patientand H. 5^ grains. mistaken importance to was left canine temporary keeping at of one absent. 67 RECORD.while to he the from Inaugural Address. Mr. they in were stones These The ? weighing. Browne obliged to the to be content him attended he regrettedthat Cornelius showed size and form another in unable was the three had both patienthad escaped. was reply to interestingpointsin some strongly marked very greatlydrawn as cusps. of three family . K 2 . being called upon three models family. Mr.and the of the position placed that The condition. with fullydeveloped. showing that of family.was same and canine of central. whether that say formed abscess An of of formation case a away were asked to the duct came stones Woodhouse correctlyunderstood also mentioned sub-lingualgland. the did not with spoke Curator. was roots. Mr. three taken remarked President's with The Robbins.and both coming as time. The this examine Another in the some cousins interesting case.The however. 5. lady aged nineteen. one abnormalities cusps The and of members one six were the carnivorous twelve as many there to from down President. temporary were of them. pressureofretained temporary so occurred covered hoped shortly vagarieswhich region. all girls. not The one or two almost due entirely horizontal to the missing canine. Browne in the calculi salivary of the tongue 4. the Mason about the three.

and pieceto that was completely breaking lip. also would had was the during filled.when and three J externallyabout ladywho and pivoting.came last patient discover her saw supposed strapping up. it. con- accident an but dentist.however. to the mouth bicuspids sister. Another case a She medical and very who he advised excision The and the medical trace of anythingof Robbins heard man. who confidence gained her face to its proper and irritation.as bicuspid and of inherited to permanent brother a mother Robbins the place the and The to Mr. lower intenselyswollen was patientthen more to On dition. also that the found permanent was stated temporary the vacancies. the kind. lip but imbedded where his age after lacerating ragged edges of sent in the of the be much feeling the tooth lip. The last the the case in the boy piece of through have entered. below circumstances patient. to bring the Robbins canines to things.was lawn. before making bicuspidsinto pla-^e. DENTAL ancient probe were for some . rightcentral uncomfortable. and to casement. She whilst the The the have that she would inherited do with shown abnormally would the lateral. the to : while her. which he believed The mother if any at the got mixed the doctor orthodox the the on was ignorant of and of up was She with of a French the called practice of in.and the did not patient advised roots. when to were no Ireland. dentition. fell. pieces of glass. but Robbins' for tendency. doctor the drawingroom him His returned. disposition the temporary girl.and was three. being through it good deal. carious tricycling.though could the thought the sent until she in called glass. nothing she told him that tooth. a tion regula- a the doctor of cause wear restore upper the not denture a treated young the of felt a portionof distinctly to a the regulation a He in the first instance the were back Mr. until small a situated.which broken months in. nature it and next of he to Robbins lip he had to go to case went her to Mr. follows as tried face was to cut resorted and run a failed protested there to the his he. of first canine. canine permanent The model absence These facts inclined always bite horizontal fill up to it usual fitted and way. of mentioned were misplacement.68 THE in Mr. teeth broken Robbins teeth for treatment man Mr.and lip. frame. and the the prove removed other frame. said that the opened The a in the case the struck lateral and consult the with met teeth lip. not was child a the and one. Mr. place of occupying the of of the taking due abnormalitywas the examining canine temporary the judgment on RECORD.

they and look to at the the into of the models Mr.to of cusp would a cingulum prettily very thought it almost which manner from a One were patientaged years. he he caused the cheek the cheek asked that the process boy a afterwards as remarked as on Robbins how forcibly any when once for the museum. hard 69 RECORD. so for this curious abnor- .a meeting. however.in his The face. the showed primary cusps W. wide. President The thing some- hours to thirty-three years of the members many far so felt twelve anterior piecein friend of Mr. method successful that the before subjectof the piece of glass " size. a the also the effects. except or arm whole the cheek. were molars he had articulated canine molars the closelycorresponding cusp that so and Woodruff whom thirty-five. a not was their of internallyto canine that regrettable rid in the the : being disappearing.just ^ say. The stunted in to size. situ. slightblow a of course is still a difficulty. Tomes Mr. scrapingagainst it. DENTAL THE very the system extremely case interesting quite unique. but wisdom in the way gather. Strange to the in accident the in. to way point. " C. in will remain illustrated case portionsof thought the it caused present was no about examined last He duct. which could He side. not exhibited region right away no cicatrices.nor account the teeth perfectly right side. of a known the full \ left in. relation the have to model.from there about anything. were models There was showed they for ten to the interference Woodruff and acquired If members there documentary a various equallyinteresting. by the space as Mr. one genesis of the fundamental would to models stunting got their and cusp. a first case. to of companion a The bleed. they elevated the size.no regulation. find cusp. in which the on tooth was all of the superadded ones. desired which great interest very because they revealed cusps. patient. long foreignbodies without harmful seriously he Robbins. merely confined latest cusp. in almost of the H. far on that bicuspids. the had the convenienc in- no received from which the at the cheek the Societyto accept pieceof glass. S.and thirty-three years passed away wounds the inside from riggled out same seemed. in.but retained outer hardly of the on the to about something seemed have to attached bicuspidswere point call attention to no was no the occlusion historyof fracture. there the During and the tooth-brush using In of his long bleeding.viz. be to healed. and with glassni the series of models The of the Mr.

and very and. trouble The a On take side The root. The hardly geminated incisor. Mr. very whole that usual sent Mr.which had no Baldwin pain to he had of probed into the make did. to the had sockets properly not buried of probing of the healed the chloroforming.wished said patient with he had a . also mentioned Rilot two temporary the slightoperation. tooth was patient'sage patient it time every the she which pain evident was at previously. without nor mere of bone. cause Baldwin. which bone.70 Either mality. DENTAL THE the with seen some long time last case When severe pain. up. elements Rilot of rather was therefore Taking well taken been experience. had been He found bare bone that the tiny piece a form chloro- under previouslyremoved case of effect. but name the Woodruff's in Mr. felt it stick him given extracted. The the patient was made the over historyit appeared the Mr.or teeth temporary were teeth. unusually long one his to seemed retained of lower view thirty. suggested that possiblythere that breathe of constricted.unique. exhibited case a bicuspidhad second or strong. sufferingintense was to remedies thorough a she there case. until he to allow Mr. she some which up. abnormality brought an either be ones. had the relation Mr. anyoae or explain effect ? and he months neither the absolute six was been removal healthy man. was Could relief. were certain and Mr.and he the or in connection which one of about buried was it caused From mouth the had there but neuralgia . mention to be interestingpart sockets when of might seeing the food tried been having of case of the on came examination teeth some The roots. double-crowned a The formed. he depression with and incision patient had he he written the and to to this sharp probe depression him an came the recommended across had referred a The ago. just an The a the complained it " roots. previouslyhad healed this while little socket into related.and to case a about there and about was loss a were detect not firm at whatever of doubt could very they This incisors. Baldwin point. interesting. young molar upper Mr. teeth were Rilot notice the as disposed to he temporary incisors. successor. The out. between a patient.who. first the RECORD. mouth for very of of sign no that was bifurcation any was a once her opened radiated by neck was If the of the might it. model a it must say arches geminated permanent of for it. H. lancet. any or that Rilot. neuralgia relieved intense was case classifyit. since. face.

collaborated Passing reforms of the sunshine for the that names matters could many its dental in this connection Surgery. which invidious. change. the might well was authorship. and He literature. published these manifested. steady progress more fewer gratefullyremembered. his son. in extension suddenly present century to was loo that later.yet if the ''Diseases importance than the on a until History of to the as not was researches. Tomes. Bell.no a a very any 1771. literature social 71 RECORD. he advancement was anonymously laboured the conspicuous place in transactions dental not of the literature. Mr.THE The DENTAL then President delivered his Valedictory In assessingthe better could test they not which had enriched the body second half meriting record Teeth" of Teeth " ended without any seemed be To he of the advance Dental that S. and . and Chas.and now It his Strange of the threshold treatise and the at existence Natural its of study glance years. did lasting benefit never perhapsunsuspected As that in always appeared. allowed perhaps be he known that still held the the by those who " general good. Fox. deserved he periodical literature. On than John of than more that century published appeared branch i8th appeared. advancement a efforts w^ould opinion art anonymous proposers to his the acknowledge pardonable prideto kinds most present others. It have when scientific body.and he effected been period only more " a than be 1856. Society would ever or hold a less to w^ould had of single the year past the a do John treatise any with on the fortyyears' with. present generation." first published Tomes. Tomes' the to No before in the of names awake to science. to advocated of jects sub- and of dental conferred more discussions hardly point effected had he the angry of had refer with had dental subsequent editions. In dental the made and brilliant. to work journalistic to to express the and subsequent general knowledge previouslygiven. world the dental hardlymore the not was do to startlingfact marked condition furnished that propose the by met scientific applied than did were scientific be Address. Saunders. however. allowed great dental first half of the the than more characterized be might "System to had do the and of on the century A medical expiration of teeth of the say. works fifty English language alone. years essay of medical were the seven their Hunter's until by profession. " people.

H. previousMeeting The Meeting. confirmed. felicitously Smale vote the universal terms thanks of vote held. Weiss the J. The meeting then terminated. Felix Mr. believe but are but of worthy more in the the make they me ones. Morton supported the moved President. Fouraker. Charters White he. 1890. Morgan. Prideaux The the and " Messrs. H. and the to the replied. membership Harrison. Treasurer's C. Trott. medical Odontological Society even in the future so the present year to of other of modes acceptance " 1857 increasingadvantages ever the : from the records continuallyimproving transactions RECORD. Townend. thanks alike members and life happy professional my few. Goodman. the President. London W. opportunityto Walker Joseph Great Britain. minutes The Mr. recallingto owed gratitudethe profession them Society by the Mr. F. of past. the of of the the obligation Society: " Messrs. May were appointed to audit the . Gillett. and were Harwood. the to read were Morley. Students' General Ordinary Leonard Matheson. in following gentlemen admitted Dental Society. December the chair.expressing in happy the hospitalpractice. Spurr. thanks their Dr. and of J. H. and membership Parris.72 he THE ventured would He that the of than Mr. accounts Rilot and for the W. year. In conclusion. Messrs. held President." Mr. book Rankin.taking importance the to in which regard responded. Ackery of their in means of moved. W. Taylor. Steele. Weiss said myself I who have have and and For they had faithfully supported tried to make although these last words my days all those offer to to Officers me. Tisdale. Hankey. members upon every of great debt Odontological Societyof the to behalf whose on officers. Hospital. would been have societies. Gardner. were for the proposed Tremby.was Mr. signed Walker. followinggentlemen Society: 8th. its record favourably with contrast the and believe that to thought DENTAL urge loyally supporting their and power. heartfelt are sincere. of procedure. Tomlinson.

notch He frequentlyfound are for his paper (See page been syphilis. the also described affectingthe is made In sought. an teeth. there a case of formation of the He structural middle did the of of three not defects only one was dentition. worn not teeth. beipjgentirelyworn and He treatinghoneycombed teeth wax. Mr. In patients gouty the enamel down. then was year being exhibited in Preedy on of Smith Mr. is called Mr. dilacerated Matheson disease means a suit the to the three tooth. temporary on does that opinion effect typicalsyphilitic by porcelaininlayfillings. Smith W.still its disease that had a of inherited Mr. discovered diagnostic was and which and commented discussion. ^* coming the Council the by list. May Rankin well teeth syphilitic of flattened appearance Mr. was case that had patient having of the crowns the teeth teeth. still smelt S. bite.The list of office-bearers as added were On J. Holford had that present. for the to of names 73 RECORD. Bull up. which had President Various then Diseases in time where he thought out be only down for Mr. the he had Gout the is not Mr. DENTAL THE denticles. typicalsyphilitic to called dressing a for a opening long tooth tooth a exhibited Gask. years. of gouty said that He explained attrition from to the the together during sleep. on Affect that mentioned of names for. although teeth an sufferingfrom that he had the of which edge the on on the tooth 49." the showing case affected syphilis occasionally to of bicuspid. W.of which teeth that as stomatitis was recorded referred notch syphilitic believe in He case to being the had commonly of syphilis Mr. P.) away. P. been strongly of recommended gentlemen communications casual Mr. the No read. temporary of the with had for syphilisaffectingthe teeth seen. syphilitic true interstitial keratitis. as being due his under come notice teeth. to do He .the patientsprrindingthe theory he rarity look-out developed. of J. due Moon's to a pression sup- ordinarytooth as much stated. the absence considered was a syphilis. pivot tooth. The best place ophthalmic hospital. The Mr. the a typicalcases see iodoform the Teeth. iodoform. also it said described the a case one it turned been ground was of of one that prove the best the some that surgeons.

and one seen syphiliticnotch suppressed. thanks the to had temporary of his of vote that say showed only replied syphilitictemporary subject opinion peg-shaped hereditary. it Mr. till that the three. honeycombed should that middle the that at and dental a did not Beside?. the they teeth tooth were did the show the reason touch A on all its and Holford. papilla. not the was hospital. young Mr. teeth was had characterised hid liable was old. the iodide seen CoLYKR F. retarded a The mentioned DoLAMORE Mr. J. and one recorded by Mr.and remember to than more that RECORD. exanthemata the to in of of Hkely lay epiblast. 1891. their Coysh This would Treatment. with teeth resulted was patient of necrosis the under necrosis The potassium. such a wide one that birth. Honeycombed was paper after The escaped. years was he he This it that was and mischief.74 that thought enamel the affected Mr. was viewed be denticle. The would read next be Meeting the Annual '' a The paper on was General Meeting. to casual communications. although was in syphilitic necrosis case mercury local affectei of a once. impossible points. Oakley that it mentioned was Syphilitic speakers. related recurred the the the life . but -perfectenamel. The of treated. why of was rickets incomplete development. Irregularitiesof proceedings then for announced the terminated.'' . then not the seldom so be might HoLFORD lesions caused question to easy particular part syphilitictooth true was of suppression the that It standpoint. January and Teeth at and 19th. very class of necrosis from from broad due to of all proportion out frequently occurred five between six and explain that of development that reason Mr. time some teeth teeth various the to themselves was case Coles. more the speaking history influence after from diseases by important point an to explanation developed was be to of DENTAL THE then was tendered who gentlemen by President the brought had forward Mr. thought the that He eruption. patient a recur. He in RiLOT. strongly was by swelling it in liable to where that said bone. consequently the that fact the epiblasticstructures.

S. notably the bacteriological investigation. but and his action mouth the lime lactic in the formed of the because of the bacteria. written outline of the page little quoted or researches of Professor with has show that that Parasitenkimde^ and that on bacteria. be found to to American but work. fermentative of into brought phenomena. Dental Amercan time.S. development lately in Pasini to biology development Koch the the commences hesitation some and the on on published. it does much edition second of the 12 of first part specialreference with in its work is not merely a translation of the supplementary matter." burst the cases by-products great enough to author also refers to The ^\ere produced as well as lactic acid. points of many organisms in beef extract Miller some statement tubercle fur clearly fungi. was given process considered by Flugfe to be fermentation bacteria light has on has ing sunlight has a direct sterilizThe retards their development.however. " evolved such former statements of frequentlydepends The producing more the "exhibiting a regard acid he to between the is either that washed same smell... In some In these latter tube. but chiefly the work before To students especially. has been it will be invaluable. announced venture journals. acid an draw cannot we With bacteria.and length quite equal broad of this edition at at Manufacturing Company. White The outlines which work." with this smell and bacterium is He the dees away. Philadelphia." the while the mouth. Miller's through scattered papers us. contains methods forsome think.and imd 'ogi'e retarding Bacterto no a the acid carbonic no given are gases at in which formed. The Micro-Organisms D. of further not or the occur combines on a that excess acid forming in the with hydrates carbo- reaction. concludes acid organism. The book is of bacteria We addition parts. is well-known articles in the and University of The German chapter on divided into mouth. fermentation lactic acid tubes the gelatinein the culture quantiiiesof gas that the pressure was was even cases completely torn to pieces. many effect on micro-organisms and cultivated very The recent very strong bacillus. S. with and Miller. us D. the to Mouth." On hand. the microupon white of egg alkaline strong than bacterium a putrefactiveand interference fermentation shows of offensive fomentation of course substratum entirelydifferent of bad total absence sharp line the fermentation when the that own upon intensely an reaction. Berlin. REVIEWS. Centralblatt the shown the of human pathogenic with Mendelsohn. of Professor some interest. of the appeared. has Professor off is not the other all. collectingtogether as observations.DENTAL THE 75 RECORD. the two Studies Dr. such excess teeth and . M. W.we expectationsformed of it.D. direct contains fermentation on sunlight of the even action section the that a lower of bacteria. By the will. was " were a diff"used light has showing that in the action lactic acid solution.in which sugar This in which off. un- logical Bacterio- of the bacteria is devoted portion Cohn Professor retardinginfluence the to first part morphology and influence no hitherto "General is entitled The from researches all these material some receive shall.D.

Miller that essential the tion formathe conditions dental to pulp presents especially In of spores. decalcification The of the acid is the food. illustrated caries is well and in clearlydescribed. but the oxidation One of the action. which possess such a high degree of resistance. is acted of the by converting coagulated power modifications. were separated by Vignal Dr. very appearances "Dental decay Turning to the etiologyof caries the author says : of m arked is a chemico-parasitical two distinctly consisting process or softening of the tissue.. z". very few supporters out theory which and which of the circle of its originators. even its or when . peptonizing it. and condition consequently there can There and between tooth substance currents however. when is non-conductor of the dentine substance dry. filling." source food the substances made of that and saccharine are starchy parts in which the in the of by the bacteria fermentative use process decalcifyingacid is produced. the second dentine consistingof certain bacteria albumen of into bacteria on which soluble stage of caries the albuminous basis substance substance. by the ptyalin by sugar tartar.the starch being first formed into lactic acid then and the of the saliva. In the chapteron " " " In bacteria." hence of upon of substances. himself others from the oral cavity. The action an soluble coagulated albumen of the nature by a ferment action only in the presence alkaline media also. that the and substratum. of diverse fillings between be currents between a two or filling parts of the metal that would result of different densities. clasp a tooth. as probably different results agar agar media different obtained the culture to were employed. medium. cessation would cause soon a experiment distinctly in contact. Starch is quite as injurious as sugar. is chiefly lactic acid.and the this softened tissue. of different metals shows that where bands acid sufficient liberated and to currents set are decalcifythe up The tooth where chapter on the microscopical claspedby the band. after discussingthe use of the term leptothrixto nate different organisms.and dissolution of stages. and describe condemning the indiscrimimany various the describes the of use organisms separatedby term. the author siderable condiscussing the several theories of the the revived criticism imfiammatory theory space to of caries a has. The owing of difficulties met with in the treatment septic pulp canals are the perhaps explained by the fact pointed out by Dr. The and majority of those have whereas other observers bacilli. " of "the albuminous substance.76 THE RECORD. DENTAL biologicalstudies of the bacteria of the mouth. others. This acid. the author. the facts to uphold it. which albuminous into the have consists modifications. of explainsthis separateda large majority vation discrepancy by the fact that Vignal has used gelatineas the cultihad of made the with while use himself. a the conductivityof the tooth electric currents to being due to the be no moist of the dentine. no regard to show to conclusivelythat the experiments here detailed seem very of electricity." devotes of decay.but it in neutral bacteria exert acids. as is well-known. to have absolutely appears the With electrical theory. we imagine. Miller micrococci. and gives rise to into grape lactic acid quite as rapidly. may. appears in to converting be caused while pepsine exerts pepsine.

them essential conditions all the cultivation is little to an admirably chamber.and in many plication. of them pathogenic. Miller had caries. to stands in on expressionwas followed by England.and we hope that he may be soon rewarded ingredient for mouth by finding an washes which it is objectionable be as harmless to the system as may the bacteria.DENTAL THE nsoluble. offers excellent an 77 RECORD. Very careful cleansing and disinfection of the oral cavity The in the cases quoted. growth necessary take in do not the mouths as utmost to our care aseptica keep condition with the saliva as we are possible. Dr. this by of the carious Miller considers the decalcified substance process tooth is dissolved After the and discussing predisposing disappears. give rise to their specific author show that The in several to brings strong evidence cases. in the stomach the often due are to dyspeptic symptoms presence and alimentarycanal generally of large quantities of fermentative in the fresh cultivations the bacteria. which is devoted the pathogenic bacteria of the to mouth. Miller has latelybeen trying fresh experiments with different materials. every his of work careful being guarded by experiment. now The digestive process. copper recommends the incorporation of sulphate of copper in the materials for capping exposed pulps.and was carry upon occasion for several days in consequence of swallowing the contents of a cultivation influence tube certain of of parasitictheory first given by Messrs. He does not step hesitate ill on these to even out one himself. work of before careful bears evidence of us a large amount of the and wide research a diligent labour. and amalgam as an antisepticfillingmaterial. draws attention which somewhat to are points alarming to those many causes of who have doubt that excellent considered not the exhibits mouth There seriouslybefore. the centres of decay. necessary author The the to is an in experimental resources. temperature ber moist condition of the chama growth of bacteria the lodgment of particles which afford the necessary of food albuminous material feed and continuous which on a supply they of oxygen If we aerobic for the of the varieties. led to a disappearance of the symptoms.the experiments go to show great value Miller Dr. subject being is fertile and issues side no omitted. the to what determine bacteria. toothHe somewhat to deprecates the use of much these insoluble he considers as clog powder containing ingredients. a well and the by established . continuallyswallowing and food. fermentative of them dental Messrs. The used latter portion of the book. researches the work of of Dr. germicide Professor evident disadvantages in its use. quantitiesof bacteria. of experiments decay. medium nutrient for bacteria " . it shows grasp very adapted to sustained a the " " " with matters which elucidation of enthusiastic worker it the deals. and Underwood Germany. the author gives the results of a number be to on antiseptics. In the chapter on the antiseptic action of of the fillingmaterials.continually supplied from mouth.The perchlorideof mercury appears there the mouth but for valuable are most bacteria. Leber Milles in on and which definite Rottenstein. of the system certain conditions allow of their rapid multiwhich these organisms may diseases.

it is us sibilant a handling of singlevolume a admit to this failed the of covers detect preface his reading the are his attempt to between hesitation One of diseases the is " .or the random advancing without even an were as facts. and the successful production by Dr.D. will medical and dental and probably practitioner.at the in the terse could to realize that such manner a quantity of matter referred to the subjectof oral surgery stood underbe put together on as Dr. of the into the regions of diseases throat. open of the himself. Lippincott In of this thirteen hundred voluminous perusing the pages that into consideration fact author has the the taking first blush difficult it seems adopted the paragraphic style. which circle the completed hints scientific of prove the contains work artificial caries. diflBcult mean of but of dental either theories attempt to The our readers our remarks instance. foundation. Edition. But the limits down of narrow conventionality. treatise. in several Fifth directions. is oral a big surgery of Whether it. told are we to the portions of the at certainlyappear which task If Dr. For anatomy. and larynx. every valuable hands This evidence. though they proven their which show might justifyeven proany authority matter.has natural so many the and incentive System A of exemplifies so thorougjhly application of research that it should in the be to practicalpurposes. it would seem surgery thai the student of oral surgery not must only be able to diagnose handle his scope such trifle as stethoable tinea but be to a sycosis^ without and The author in subject. J. D. commences are subjects question.and not only soars by into the domains mechanical skims of surgical and but dentistry. and Both if true. Garretson evidently refuses to be tied generally. treatment bone disease of process. 1890.and diseases of the skin.S.. as proper later on in proportion would statements the find we substantiation those are be with to be book immediately liable to an to that the with student cementum "teeth of '* the diseases that account confronted once new it stated Garretson will be confined. proper teeth. and " " of the skull. and we Avhich statements diverse and nature subject matter of the rale^ many seems imposed he it is because interest to likelyto prove of most and to them to relating dentistry. E."and by the term we the shelvingot diflBcult points. Indeed. The so Herculean the if necessary. is quite indistinguishablefrom caries.D." sense.78 THE DENTAL RECORD. and to are of so that found solidityof the alveolar interestingin a pathological the of cither would rather a prove this book in its prevailing faults of loose pathology. M. Philadelphia: James By B. Company.and advisable we bound of author has work book that says convinces has of dental the anatomy several dental closelyresembles substance" resistive . Garretson. upon is human. of Miller further to Oral of research Surgery. the nose.

necessary be extracted. but Here is problematic. great our DENTAL We are knew never afraid the before that indicated. but the followingdirections for controllingany haemorrhage that occurs may A in the smile. t o over it. modern extraction speak frequentlyof to Paget. only when the Those the excitation. by passingover application this and other if necessary. control the haemorrhage when the be The secured incision. formulae. and then dipped in bayberry powder." mixture not happy very the blade his claim are " elevator. is cannot we by an zinc limonis.in laid ninetycases out of the hundred. is not used which is therapeutics in the in the wire or is neglected at are recipes " there us of profusion. they of in the ot convenient some we the " that told are a by equal parts is lauded tuft of cotton to saturate a we as upon. is literature author student the by the opinionsof the Mr. ii Ossis Sepiaepulveris5 Cretae Praeparatse5 ss. ailments dental generally powder. R Coralli pulveris 5 ii pulveris 5 i Carbonis Ligni pulveris 3 i Lapidis pumicei pulveris 5 ii albi Iridis Florentinae Olei Oxychloride of action.it is only against the tooth to any learn of local anaesthetics Speaking to surprisedto be preceded by to result making and chloroform lay worthy doctor and a always inner to mouth. little found a as cobweb.s.THE visional in-his modern operation of thorough lancing the use use of the applying the shank the across of To some. makes in glass-like become greatly lauded altogether follow introduced such to q. English pathologistas grasp accurate and For acceptance. however. As most in the good something shape of great for amiss to quote of one us are tooth- Garretson's Dr." imposed " are of to as secured infrequently the fulcrum a that that directions the is not surface laudanum apply this. possiblyprovoke with borax wet water. cellar." practitioners teeth " will now be able to continue their . it on look out may not be is to be one before volume stated. will a inflammatory of loose vital force is able who into structure. absorptive power supposed of infants several good hints are In lancing the gums given.a shake as little whether he will grasp . oppositetooth. but " Zinc so followed being to soft and extent are fond that of tooth. elevator the of extraction on will be is one's faith to well as pathology. Should one layerof a delicate roller. it somewhat and has been archaic. the possess In : carrying root. to because seen its therapeutic when he author not infrequentlybe found that parietes from consolidation are of the to solid become and says : denes they have entirelyself-protecting this occurs. them hardness respond filing the ." " medical acquaintance with The '' of modern writer modern a 79 RECORD." fail we directed to bring the lipsof the wound means are together a tooth to was '* with Whether sutures. The subjectof least in this all for catgut dental but country. will.

The is knife-blade.a pulp By without pain. In treating of : followingstartlingannouncement the latter various as to deposits. such to an destroyed almost operation. Review pany Com- isqo.but at shut are principleas a ball may become The of innocuous. and it may minutest of time not exceeding fifteen is the most The subjects of confused the " conditions of treatment alveolar be one were cyst recommended abscess justifiedin quite might entirelyidentical in indeed. August. Dr." use years for consolidation structural response. of Dental American the Session. book when A cannot we The impression has an deal of that the of the author been likes in run is space subject value wax of for he plaster." (p. the away thus the point. are be to of the mucous cysts surrounding the necks the have we if even " pyorrhceaalveolaris " instanced the as devoted in with is dealt most a successful the portion of impressions. likelyto filled on was enlarged apical foramen favour find much as expedient an possible. where page is with not gold.6ro). probably in time begin to We bench. Those who practitioners condition giant advertiser satisfaction reveal that from an are inclined Dentists' to complain of factory the unsatis- Register (including as it does the derive a certain melancholy hoc genus) may et omnc these inasmuch of as a Transactions.and weak vascular dentine. that their silver used here Patients to over plates complain the climate the but without on stolen. the from for promotion thought that plaster yearn Garretson likes them almost silver prehistoric . canal with a 277. ocean Chicago : held Justi.and this " causes. in encysted the length. perusal they of is undesirable state things threateningto equally of the . Salivary calculus and serumic of resultant conditions but a degenerative always expressions.but to suffice. of the teeth. he lives and a as country. plates were there the free in matter rests. H.the paste may following : exposure of a at once sharp-pointed pricked into the part by means very be is needle. cyst and dental the hopelessly are believing that author's The mind. to probably unknown finds its of explanation by fiUng The file cutting employment of zinc. . of a warm process by means the beginner would but at best leisurely. and preciselyon ." common prostheticdentistry. perhaps being disappeared the removes wax *' other of side the Transactions 1890. may good say instances Two manner.through exposure external offending agents same with is dealt pulps out in arsenic a results. The D.80 practicesupported by Lhem " hitherto. Annual Thirtieth is different. at Association at Excelsior Dental the Springs. DENTAL THE bone the and destruction w^hich passage the remain of interests us be Such effected. particularlyif cocaine be previously used as an from its cavity within be removed a period obtunder. the of the exciting. or was caries cure expressed in preciselyas which statement a The RECORD.

otherwise not may present with those amidst of crowd a that infirmaries The abuse Section some become from and Association deal " who acquainted with the and true indifferent from " report states. For instance. The for the to the check to marked. " and have that idea vague " out graduates turned reputable"colleges" actual conditions being recruited in this question by a Dental and us.God knows..and perhaps in protest medical the in the report that against. but the communication . last year. We of dental colleges State the incorporation the with issuance of dog licenses. three was to Section.and be prepared may prepared adopt Chairman one difficult seems of the to in or more advantage of themselves represent graduated is almost is not members men take to such to make to who dentists *' them old-world Most American find it recorded and find occasion important matter. sixty-threepersons precedingyear. the papers Atlantic.the statement graduate is will the same. From sequences con- presentedby of number the dental that thirty-three. Dental Education. we have not got of the There in this country. Europe in the . the interested are ate another in are discussion time the probably few know is dental of practitioners body States.judging On followed. dental be a now laughing stock. to make She This in America. but hopes that Association reflect on the question.which occasion. graduated nine last meeting of the operationat present time is of these colleges there were increase of The The ratio thousand one of six hundred the since and hundred is three of increase total number Section the the an " of this readers our will sympathise practitioners with. co-equal means more of the colleges in upon month's offer any specialremedy. in spiteof.make still matters Association in worse is carried by on particularsubjects. something means can dentists has a better done it. America.' Dentistry passing all other three made than all years the best doctors nations. Section this work entrusted of Sections means The States." the gather that also its serious evil before this report. dentists and help them . got going to enough America can in ten. DENTAL THE sixty-seven over times as great it as the was graduates during the years 1 886-1 890 of the contributions and five. young to the solution of certainlyvaluable are as means a of the " the poor men. United the to 81 RECORD. but which followed. Most bringing about a on reading through the discussion difficulty . and that probablythe uniform have Let a us one speaker delivered himself as follows : the and kind let be and but and to us law. for. we active twenty-nine hundred volume good colleges. opportunitv and this United the Record before which under who there from every year in America less great deal in occupied space with deal to the includes read. encouraging good. there but of . seems and attention. the a of II. of of the in references duty our of some this in number light is thrown place in this Much other it becomes perhaps large a large number a which Transactions. it would seem proceed in likelythat education must will be found which directions is before the than more one remedy acceptable to all. Most of us the of amount some monopolised the from this side of on have matter. is a fear in the minds enough have We not dental profession that we be are overrun. We dentist She is no are in has ' pent-up Utica.

to the comprehension progress completion of the wording representingthe stages of mentation carried to attain a full understanding of the we are through which be recorded that they may as so knowledge. meeting papers in connection occur one showing that a true alveolar abscess may tion the pulp is still living. if Notation the of International at system possible. of the end Microscopy. storehouse " of the to deficiency. 1893. Chicago. signifies to term mind do activityoperated in consciousness. Histology there were lantern exhibits. use. . of in the the all the capable of to with with sense the as propositions. It subjects dealt is intended.. IV.to adopt an Section in read Two were in VIL. or regard to methods application.education. which an world. be still we unable are or remedy operations on living teeth. already upon that didactic the than so preachments long something better and state and in professional tenaciously hold the field in church convocations.. the rectification of of the exercises pertaining to to teaching.or any in the the however induced. to efforts made secure numerous painlessoperations on the teeth that accomplish this remedies methods and have given us many tolerable in such manv operations that would degree as to render processes " otherwise unbearable. deals of Section report of for a systematic examination of Section Chairman the and accompaniment the to entirely harmless its is unobjectionable in of filling there is nothing is V. held and formulated in communicate to of fullness of a but. which delicate organism of the tooth. much celebrated the these an excerpts of cancelled the minor being efforts agreed how^ know not itself. the other communicaof which with a tooth been of teeth have which in roots records cases amputated of Section The alveolar I. .." being made throughout Notation contributed on a paper with VI. from extract judgment of the draw values one of the the from learned of the out various of sense receptaclesof mental bases views far searching of mind." 82 the as other of members of It take to Pantagruel. regard to year." the lawyers in the be?t world. may the papers read. DENTAL THE of the the demonstrations ready for in consciousness the manner satisfactory been acquired. country. the dealing report through process. "If we are distinctly coming effete be awake in advance must the to we teachings.the report on OperativeDentistry alludes to rootof attention unusual received which had amount an during filling dentine it is sensitive The the With said. to be applied processes. mental This involves a they have through which its in the of work the of growth."With any of to new " report. Other Implantation. Synthetic the The Carbolic arrangements prehistoricskulls with were Dental to report at this time for this troublesome method reliable The Acid.appears dentistry and In Section volume. understanding and irregularity. and RECORD. the towards allied and Prosthetic with subjects." Perhaps it is easier to understand healing have times the to writer when he says." and societary In Section III. of the knowledge pertaining to the execution or practicalization the of mind and body. stages of mental values back one The We present the reader has occasioned us we seems Association the antithesis.

William considerable Hingham. F 2 .S. he his interests.Demonstrator of of he practitioner . F. JOHN of this conspicuous and was know him admire and when which. DENTAL THK before read except opinions. at hospital. distributed his own general a in surgeon brilliant and over a far hospitaland Demonstrator Surgery.S.We notice American Dental the on first page The " : " and although formally accepting Association. President M.Mr. Thus he Anatomical of became to Practical was served to Wisbech. circle of Curator strator Demon- Operative Surgery. at entering course Upon commenced given London.and Marshall's he went held in schooHng to be to due in of power Liston. the world Marshall Mr. Council. interestingreading meetings in this country. "c. to President. and Medical In the death a F..'" when decided otherwise by specialresolution well These Transactions are printed and bound. or criticisms therein contained Constitution.was once the lost professionhas the public of Eng. to work of record those that of the British differs from Association the of who opinions will and take active an prove similar in part OBITUARY. and although " the Constitution Dental this Association. his A proper. subsequently private of man high repute by was distinguishedstudent and a His Ely. large-heartedand a into the admitted be . holds itself wholly irresponsible publishingthe essays for the following disclaimer the 83 RECORD.S. privilege a in life was courtly to esteem ship life of his friend- inner enjoyed.. the house the Mr. 1819. Marshall John Marshall. LL..a good knew who those Wales. life as for work. whence student became a intellect and surgeon distinguished surgeon.was a naturalist. sometime distinguishedsurgeon ornament To gentleman.a election vast attention subjects.R. Norfolk. born was school. in of a for He ability.D. theories.. General be to ever coveted. extending school as Anatomy. at apprenticed coming College. University College Hospital. assistant as capacity Marshall's of the he assistant leaving himself devoted Dr. R. quently Subse- University He was of clearness his him..C. reports of the various standing committees. application. surgery Museum. solicitor.R. professional upon to noted father.C. and but. own of man wide abilities. MARSHALL.D. and the the Association.

was perhaps of the distinguished a of schools. Universityof recent of the formation Royal difficulties attendant thrice College of Surgeons. conduct conjoint scheme than more in the the Council. DENTAL General his racy. Henry Acland. as who Marshall subject of the of Academy Mr. Marshall's Mr. passing Mr. Fullerian full chronicle President As leading a the of activityin of a teachers lady lectured he anatomy was Institution Royal his mention. sustained full. London." minor and business. of of Examiners examined He College. nection con- memoir. the surgeon to sixteen years first solved lectured mixed with .Mr. that speaker a of command in doings place. he in became moulding of the reforms need and at the to ladies Marshall and .and posts of assistant. he in the House. as and " of the busy in its earliest various him the to works profession. Marshall all he was Marshall held a physiology and as But the Mr. of the and Marshall subsequently. Anatomy.Mr.was to in RECORD. and capacity. finall}^. and Both distinct recent Royal Medico-Chirurgical Society. fellowship in 1845. served his Surgery 1883 this of College of Examiners Board in of male classes the taken having with and. professionknow as the . of which is and of the all these upon Government at South of the discussion of University College. possessed more from Royal Society. in his tlie retirement Medical .a positionhe on filled the He years. In while shows its communications member. Anatomy President for the occasions in also was the for and Brompton. the satisfactorily to anatomy for Hospital connection In Arts. upon President upon writings. finally. Kensington attracting served He sources. Marshall's he he writer member. the it course. besides also in examinations examination.at of Sir first his a to outlets Physiology subject same Art Marlborough at this even long list Marshall's of Mr. style lucid Mr. Surger}^. our of the member elected In member a Court of the and teaching upon students. consulting surgeon anatomy on for sixteen consulting surgeon Consumption. Upon at singularlyfelicitous was influence too are Professor lectured and several on promotion the But. also enriched editions. University College Hospital. to greatest his of a great It advantage.his orations. for energy. charm. and subsequently of falls far short life. given by were of conduct Council pen. Quain's by anatomy more lectures. literature. was female and Surgeons. but valuable the language being great dental the in upon addresses.84 THE Lecturer and.

4. was engraving. and would the best notice the value This has of Mr. privatelife. Born practitioners and accomplished of the pupils. books late but surgicalcraft on after two only forty-eight. assistingthe instruction abroad. Hospital his of his recommendation. a will recollections well as and met. successful died years King's. well known of himself he to Greenwich. four F.S. greatest speak cannot we that of differ from to than learn to eager ior the interests true compelled champion to the autonomy more Marshall ready as when even have Mr. to education medical institution. his All will of the coming Mr. was had alwa3^s 85 RECORD. He heart. to surgeon. Jan. Marshall's his fully won. of only a friend warm in so Bellamy. illustrated Mr. an and attack He of then subsequently lecturer upon but surgeon. vivacityand old Surgeon alike to students Blandford He and BELLAMY.C.was Cross medical the surgeon. places F.R.C. he pencil and with ardent many the Ferguson..S. cases not As only member a of heart pneumonia.S. viz. received Mr. charm hardly omit can constructed and at as was public life personalitywhich. several days. be again of friends cherish those " at his Senior as St. nature. so and who us question. although we at more both professionat our present enjoy. artist and deplore the earlyloss never can the educated was on in not was Bellamy he Demonstrator of assistant Bellamy which surgical registrarat as as accomplished an wrote Cross of one lovable affections whose Charing there M. again King's College. justlyproud. Hampstead. passing from Grammar was of circular speech.C. made Of mind hospitalsshould been Burnley. done successfully London. and that enjoying William expert an of side and surgeon. those days EDWARD Mr.and Marshall's Mr. Bellamy Serving later. Mary's. yet at we number. them Clapham at Anatomy. of the Arts.London. Bellamy. his Northern Central the memory School.that wards. his took as In of dentistry.R. days of " Sir his 1863. being missed.R. to went holding the posts Mr. ob. Dorsetshire. be ever considered he of which at Liverpool. also an author. 1891. he was failure aged . Hastings. and of Hospital. hard. in which of those sides of every length.DENTAL THE Council. worked as he happiest not come Partridge Mr. first at Charing surgery.

thankful are scientific and Britain International the of this fact. LONDON. much done time monstration de- become now efficientlyexplain. this healthiest and We the given there to regular teaching We "a book. dental Up students the adoption enough microscopy occupation being it may not end of posture and the the amiss be a sameness of his valuable has too often those seek a a of change dentist's a so of the one will pave among been the our among microscope. of papers some to before our some the to relation macroscopic pathology having careful for work Odontological contemporary. the who at irksome microscopy. to enriched been done Congresses Transactions the to acquirements for records direction. curriculum of informally taught London dental in students. importance students DENTAL of the has few last given the to has been to the that fore in and 1 890 to the as especiallynoticeable enthusiasm in this Society have recently of great Dr. for its general way dental Associatioriyhas microscopy work not are we research by columns. our of i88i Englishmen. publication of of aiding in dental splendid the and of the deal much so whether see of excellent which value Miller. . we are Great but practical expression that theoretical all to long recognised. 1591. Undoubtedly schools. readers life. property through is elsewhere noticed common which whose promote knowledge our also pleased of the British column for notice to Dental in of bacteriologymust good work. acceptance naturally turn we conspicuous. of study pathology the FEB. our that the normal in of with she largelyowing say. that only Change of from the our satisfied where form the it is that at not with in place a subject" work Journal reserved hear has are pathology.^6 THE THE DENTAL The it is of dental has The within only been RECORD.while has this advance. find courses systematic best to long as present could similar has the doubtless and and dental students. Further. been promoting disappointed. RECORD. bacteriology decades Odontological Society of good scientific work. of Berlin. bacteriology. 1. remind busy day subjects. of recreation.

H.S. OF HOSPITAL city of had to been Manchester. friends. DENTAL by staff and the the students.C. Medical of lectures course after.. F. overcrowding of of the available necessitated of the spent. Medical and of Dean College. J.and with this Dental has accomplishment its alike satisfaction has the afternoons. . spoke Matheson Planck. of Stirling.R. of presided. Principal Ward. Manchester response. Prof. many provinces. and past Hotel and Medical J. alike it is well over ment amuse- with combined commonwealth Hospital hospital. most the Dec.THE whether of normal gratificationthat individual the In at it to Surgeons the change found been for the of charge long has the of Square. the Grand the at of the several Mr. others of students present on among School Smith. Hardie.which progress and School. sent in the . the Young. department during that for time Assistant additional five the patients. of its fame in success. and of treatment been received been Leicester London. staff. W. stopping department extend to necessary foreseen. unavoidable science were School.was for the Owen's of 13th. the for the The of medical the Manchester with '' exemplified by as established its association apologies world since ago years F. 200 delivered in Young.interest with together tissues.C. development." that it School. present of . and dinner annual MANCHESTER. Mr.S. Mr. Its development so long From identified the time years with the in first Medical since Manchester medical Medical period to was School in the became advancing extraordinary on was now anatomy which was not was in be founded the largelyowing Royal Infirmary. Saturday.wiJl supply of diseased or 87 RECORD. associated with the .R. appointment take to believe we has for of science. proposing prosperity and over Prof. Parsons Shaw Prof. ja^ba ^ntal DENTAL VICTORIA The fourth this Hospital was Dr.it be spent the consequence this This time and Dental profit. Planck. H. held Mr. Leonard Mr. Dean Hospital. the first that of its its recent remarked hospital absence.

He emphasized draw and the Our '* proposed which placesso Mr. chemist. referred and becoming present. Tyler defendant. livingin Tiverton negligence or appeared C. of Honour Judge Thomas. students. jury. which Lingford. the and that fact Guests in referred dental their it had given Owen's at Mr. and by far distant Shaw such espritde corps obtaining amongst Simms Dr. and gentlemen President. to to best do mended com- travelled in order the to Seville dental had cause that W. nature. with interspersed were J. and Birmingham and J. Kershaw.an instrumental and J. after soon he reason on care teeth. R. students. J. is a that S. William Road. G. some carpenter. The toasts contributed C. more to also the decision to operations were him of indebtedness freely given so of The " position. Whittaker. Aberystwith and shown always out fact that Exeter as gave had the the to closelytogether. plaintiffs Welshman young which degree of of his before plaintifiF allegedhe want H. Dinasmawddy. of the Hospital and first rank the Stokoe." and. by Smale H.who in Merionethshire. to SellyOak. Minshall the Chalmers a joiner and from recover for injuryand of the a Frederick for the Plaintiff. it impetus that brought an assistance and conservative more J undertook Campion in to more received spoke Hospital. in " pointed The be that for dentistrywas his each the advance to maxim the was individual dentist Smith Dr. sought of had sustained skill for the from 1889. who Lecturer a and Dental those to gave England. and a Visitors. music. G. elevate to way all in from be present. Messrs. and Alleged At vocal was he came in to sufferingfrom . S. ^^50 damages or by the Mr. in proposing in response College manifested was into Operative Dentistry expressed the pleasure the C. by Dentistry. Birmingham.88 Owen's Collegeit both into merely not medical Staflf of the the in acknowledged the Mr. SellyOak. Victoria public DKNTAL position of distinction. part of the defendant ive Unskilful action loss. Sykes. and plaintiff.'' advice tending also RECORD Mr." to College as response. the of the anxiety profession.said in the of a was heard proper extractingone Mr. County Court. appoint G. capitalrecitations Frobisher. H. Messrs. by in neighbourhood Vachell December. and H. Planck.but a schools THE his to power elevate himself.

used was home went in consequence unskilful jaw plaintiff's plaintiff gave violence Selly at surgeon. the words for Defendant " teeth carefully extracted. while until had disfiguredfor be would and o^ sort a afterwards Payne. He his operationsperformed that it would life. treated hold to and painful. with to the He from the appearances conclusion found theory of great said inflammation sufferingfrom jaw. from operation have to said the surgicaloperation. very Oak. the It looked in the as if . after finally. had under jaw. who him having put his head did left. and and dislocation. and a mouth.and He tooth.and had that and Ward.and the in his exhibited induced was of purpose DENTAL by the having friend a card a visit the to tooth aching window shop 89 RECORD. of Birmingham. there dislodgingthe he a the to his face became Williams. Some " wise." placed him Defendant " a into screw then right. pulled to then in broken that the when of and what injurywas bits of bone violence. and jaw. had Tyler'sallegationwas in such tooth there employment eight or to /"So in wages Mr. the to the him result of the the extracted he had negligence he fractured liable to was dentist. surgeon and to plaintiff. got became chair. He returned to patient at of and the his on this he injury lost from the "']0 Williams. and plaintifTs compensate March. 14th Mr. lot of his the told for Dinasmawddy he and worse remained his had been of out the careless a the the examined the Ward removal Mr. conclusion appeared surgeon him months descriptionof to tooth-drawing. of out then been much there. and tooth him. the and the there fracture by of he lower he out the that he the which unnecessary outside In of been that the jaw slight a examination inconsistent not were from Dinasmawddwy. was told jaw. also came plaintiff right nine surgeon place.but the tugging. the that him. with defendant extracted.THE toothache. Christmas. a face eventuallyget better. then back. On to his head visited he down- succeed not out. in days December treatment Queen's Hospital. Arthur Mr. and the in call until and Birmingham. alone. of appearance Mr. a was came the The tooth. these bore three about appearances bone of had that manner for this gross came a of diseased told plaintiff a the defendant extracting the in said side jaw. he months. and ago. a quite recently had He been Mr. and the bone.

90

a

DENTAL

THE

there

and

socket

the

piece of

was

great discharge of

a

his

face

the

from

witness

this

if it had

in this way

arisen

swellingfor

and
from

history of

the

inflammation

set

family well, he
that

jaw

the

he

did

idio-

up

that

thought
had

have

pain

had.

he

Apart
with
his

and
plaintiff"

the

arisen

have

it could

likelythat

it

think

not

on

inconsistent

nothing

but knowing
idiopathically,

up

he

said

was

set

and

than

scar

examination

that

In

sometimes

was

never

permament

a

would

there

case

would

jaw

he
plaintiff

longer period

the

be

healthy persons,

with

much

a

in

rare

was

would

the

of

but
pathically,

The

matter.

tooth,

the

with

pulled away

operations.

subsequent

inflammation

said

there

shape, and

its normal

resume

been

had

jaw

of the

RECORD.

in

way.

him

consulted
plaintiff

it and

examined

he

jaw

inflammation
think

of the

that

due

was

therefore

easilybroken

bone

soft

the

when

there

out, and

was

He

jaw.

a

tooth.

no

He

he

went

of

any

appearance

did

He

extracted.

was

when
periostitis

sufferingfrom

was
plaintiff

tooth

of his

signsof

and

previous inflammation,

from

when

the state

to

the

of

extraction

said

fracture

recent

a

covering of

and

unskilful

was

of

marks

found

to

the

last in reference

January

substances

thought

tooth

in

Selly Oak,

of

Payne, M.R.C.S.,

Arthur

William

not

rather

and

was

thought
his

have

to

bungling

or

unskilfulness.

cross-examination

In

had

defendant,

been

him

to

could

not

not, but
had

who

he

had

heard

no

teeth

had

the top of the tooth
Mr.
there

Honour

before
he

had

the

by

by

the

which

to

go

could

suffered,but

fifteen

borrowed

his

a

he

was

the

He

years.

also
was

that

he

Frobisher,

had

he

when

did

patients to

sent

instruments

skilful operator

or

(witness's)patients

him.

the

at

agreed, and
case

that

said

there

was

a

hole

small

in

extracted.

the

to

was

witness

had

Judge,

was

submitted,

case

no

was

His

that

Vachell

certainlysuffering

complaints from

extracted

Plaintiff,recalled

he

about

whether

say

said

extracted.

was

extracted, and

witness

highly probable

dentist, but

a

He

him.

from

it

for

Selly Oak

as

teeth

have

1889,

tooth

the

at

adv^ertise himself

not

Vachell,

thought

it when

sufferingfrom

Mr.

December,

he

and
periostitis,

from

that

8th

the

on
plaintiff

saw

by

go
make

close

jury

after
to

of

of the

case
plaintiff's

negligence.

hearing

Mr.

Tyler, told

them, plaintiffmust
out

a

that

prima faciecase

not

of

the

onlv

jury
prove

negligence.

THE

and

he

month,

be

with

non-suit

a

pending

that

held

(the Judge)

therefore

DENTAL

and

with

Court,
of

pairs

being

dental

^10,

articles

produced

value.

The

until

the
in

afternoon

he

Murdock

in

of

he

as

doing

man

the

had

drawer

in

above.

Witness

the

who

apprehended, and
was

found

boy, deposed
Witness

Mr.

Garnett

Borlase
the
about

to

Murdock

him

take

three

and

a

into

occasions

and
on

Mr.
he

surgery,

was

about

he

the

where
ten

the

who

into

a

afterwards

again

the

saw

men

were

prosecutor'spage
house

wanted
room,

let

all the property

Garnett's

Jourdan,

he

detailed

The

the station

not

whether

boy

was

but

that

drawn

subsequently

he

remained

minutes.

saw

while

tooth

a

prisonerstogether priorto
P.C.

could

instruments

when

Fry,

waiting

the

which

seeing the

to

could

looking

upon

the

in

prisoner
he

he

his

Robinson.
at

saying

the
in

seat

house,
prosecutor's
on

searched

the

him

asked

detective
with

of poems

if

policestation,and
a

going

returned,

proved

with

surgery

being aroused,

and

all

Frederick

absent,

was

taken,

the

Murdock.

showed
him

asked

to

told

he

gone

missed

being

he

suspicionsnot

company

upon

upon

gentleman

in

then

was

but

the

their

left his surgery

and

nurse,

to

Street

Eden

walking along

Road,

his

the

half-pasttwo

witness

been

proceeded

About

to

book

asked

he

surgery

the

and

of

as

in

cabinet

a

He

had

man

thought anything

man,

in

whole

the

he found

his

and

so,

When

out.

a

Scott's poems,

he returned

surgery.

malleting

evidence

gave

St. James

When

Police

of

identified

time.

same

to

boy.

the
him

recommend

him

called

was

of his page

charge

think

at the

Borough

stealing twenty-one

book

previousafternoon,

waiting room

address,

Bellamy Garnett, dentist,of

property, and

the

on

in

one

Herbert

prosecutor

his

as

o'clock

in the

was

a

Road.

pluggers, ten

instruments, he said, were

three

must

Princes

49

Kingston

and
drills,
of

The

of

hand

his

refused

who

together

rose

property

Street.

High

25,

the

before

concerned

hand

the

that

;

suspended for

was

maker,

forceps,twenty

pluggers,nineteen
value

so

Instruments.

Dental

of

boiler

a

charged

were

Execution

clerk,
a
forty-five,

Robinson,

Lambeth,

done

not

appeal.

an

Murdoch,

James

had

he

costs.

Alleged Robbery
George

91

RECORD.

until

P.C.

their
them

previousafternoon,proved

he

(562)

going

to

walking
that

they

92

DENTAL

THE

togetherafter

were

he

knew

the

affair

statement,

adding

''If

That

knows

nothing

''

man

He

told

he

me

The
the

American

To

Southern

with

in

Practitioners

The

Southern

unanimous

great occasion

each

of

vote

of the

of

In

authorized

action

in

as

objectsof
The

its

The

"

the

is the

It stands

so

membership,

thus

full
deem

best

to

justifythe
prove
to

for

constituting

brilliant

a

do

the

and

whatever

the

to

the

in

long
be

promote

cordial

of

broadly

of dental

if it included

science
less than

and

social purposes

this,and

the

contemplated

in its power
of

The
the

mittee
Com-

Executive

be remembered

to

among

art.

and

countries."

all other

it that

elevation

co-operation

of

holding

"

effort, of the

may

the

out

:

spiritof research, to strengthen

the

advancement

be

such

take

binding.

thus

are

and

reposed

trust

notably

contribute

stimulate

it will

desire, as

was

great representativebodies

movement

States

each

created

carry

final and

be

to

Committee

United

of the

in

practitioners

to

power

Meeting"

Executive

the

by

pledged

occasion

limited

so

shall

meeting

to

forth

held

be

five from

of

committee

two

the

a

utilizingthe

of

of the

committee

action
the

by

September loth, 1893.

should

by

favour

meeting

with

Dental

Columbian

dentists

to

and

view

their

summer,

and
scientific,
bringing together for professional,

The

It

it

inaugurating

and

World's

terselyset

its

organization,such
in

in

past

Exposition,to

to

clothed

judgment

objects had

authorizing
"

its

the

during

joint

to

more

World.

the

Associations, at

Dental

world's

the

Committee

Executive

an

five

add

to

throughout

resolution,a

appointed, and

was

meeting

"

August 31st

this

of

pursuance

body

held

be

to
dentistry,

issued

have

:

declared

Chicago in 1893,by organizinga

:

Meeting.

projected monster

Columbian

World's

me.

The

nurse."

to

a

it's

Robinson

Associations

1893

body

punished

Dental

held

meetings

respectiveannual

this

Wednesday.

Dental

American

the

and

confirmed

sick

as

next

Dentistry

of

said

the affair."

place

a

reference

professionat Chicago

THE

after

be

to

about

Columbian

and

following circular

of the

whatever

prisonersuntil

World's

Murdock

ought

us

Robinson

committed.

all, and

of

going
the

been

at

either

was

magistratesremanded
The

had

robbery

of the

nothing

RECORD.

success.

make

to

the

profession,to

fraternal

all
aim

the

who

courtesy,
desire

would

be

enterprisewill

the
too

be

a

THE

failure

if it fall short

accomplishment
dental

to 'believe

realization

a

objects the

State

every

93

RECORD.

of this

ambition.

hearty

assistance

local

and

of the United

meeting,
that

the

States

without

of

All

to

there

; and

the
every
putable
re-

practising

invited
cordially

are

contributorycost

invitation

For

of every

society,and

practitioner,is earnestly solicited.

dentists outside
in the

of

these

of

of
college faculty,

DENTAL

pate
partici-

is

reason

accepted by large nnmbers

will be

of

foreigndentists.
We

desire and

dentists
in

from

our

almost

of

in
practitioners

the

Information

through

the

is

to

historyof
the

to

as

do

In behalf

the

time

all in his power
of

the Executive

largestgathering

of the work

of

of

note

dental

forward

will be communicated
meanwhile

time, and

to
to

nearly all

world.

progress

journalsfrom

distinguished
representative

civilized country, and

every

country, resultingin the

own

urged

expect the presence

the

dentist

every

objectssought.

Committee,
W.

W.

W.

Ninth

67,

Walker,

President^
York

Street, New

City.

CORRESPONDENCE.
hold

[We do not
correspondents.]

responsible in

ourselves

the Editor
It has

Sir,

Dear

"

stoppingthat

I have

teeth that

very

of the

wall

are

molar

teeth, and

any

tooth

that

proportion. I

mixed

to

burnished

to

our

Record."

as

surface
posterior

reliable for

and

with

molars

cavities

for those

experienceof

give my

to

me

extremely good

fossiline and

take

thoroughly with
be

opinions expressed by

the

on

of the

a

stopping

only a portion

labial

portionsof

cavities,and

in

fact,

requiresa good, dense, /te/zb stopping.

it with

mixing, I

the

the

Dental

badly decayed,such

the

for

found

*'

the

occurred

standing,and

I make

of

for

way

FILLING.

USEFUL

A
To

any

use

a

half

a

the
the

of standard

ounce

contents

of

a

carefullywith

in

packed

oiled

following
mix

and

powder

fossiline.

the

with

the

amalgam,

bottle of fossiline

liquid supplied with

stiff paste and

mixed

amalgam,

; and

It should

instruments,

and

oiled burnishers.

Faithfullyyours,
J.

Handsworth.
p.S.
same

"

way.

Dr. Damman's

amalgam

also works

W.

TURNER.

extremely well

in the

94

DENTAL

THE

NEALE'S
To

Neale

Dr.
at

the

few

Comparatively
hints

valuable

worth

is well

they

has

will

and

its

cost

end, all

an

w^ho

few

An
More
which

those

Record
to

came

we

2ire,

pain,

intense

five

about

drops
entire

the

minutes
and

into the

four

left side

the

render

he

permitting a
of the

tissue

became

intense, and

postcard

to

published,

Ed.

in

York

To

toothache.

the

solution

face

in

in

free

outflow
In

tension

the
so

of
course

the

cellular

tooth,
Almost

less than

projected so

of

the

mouth

of
sw^elling

punctured

the

cocaine.

cheek

perfectclosure
the

relieve

five

enormously swollen,

of the

was

Medical

left wisdom

of

became

but

good general health

experienced,but

had

are

recorded,

New

opposite the

cent,

there

D.R.]

been

the

adult

surface

cheek.

F.R.C.S.E.,

Hospital for

have

in

severe

extreme

concluded

connective
so

of

was

cavity as

thus

so

Cocaine.

cocaine

gum,

inner

doctor

with

of the

impossible. So rapid and
that

secure

If

and

Evelina

"

"An

per

pain

to

couragement
en-

servant,

Digest.

records

and

painful. The
oral

Digest

receive

a

injected,hypodermically,

doctor

a

price,

correspondent,for

our

of

complaining

of

send

L.D.S.

the

to

Neale's

effects

cheek

the

To

edition.

obedient

Experience

relief from

immediate

tense

the
the

between

tissue

Dr.

believe,unique.

his office

many

at

may

Hampstead,N.W.

of

J. vV. Stickler

Dr.

the

Children, Southwark.

remarks

less bizarre

or

he

should

copy

Surgeon

than

books

useful

more

of

Medical

the

labour

PEDLEY,
Sick

the

a

South

DENISON

endorse

book, which,

cheap

a

Sir, your

Dental

can

^i,ooo.

will exceed
aware

to

June, 1891.

I am.,

[We

of

for

book

in

Dj]s^est

forward

come

sincerelyhope

w^e

wish

the

issued

this

publish

Neale, 60, Boundary Road,

R.

which

that

p. loii,

Medical

the

of

subscribers

amount

author,
to

8th,

libraries.

their

Dr.

will be

Nov.

edition

work,

from

immense

enough
desirable

of the

derive

to

the

Considering

oi

practisingdentistry are

may

adding

Lancet

sufficient

nearly so,

or

Record."

Dental

cheap

a

should

copy,

cost,

in the

issue

to

"

of the

notice

proposes

6d. per

los.

cover

We

"

DIGEST.

MEDICAL

the Editor

Sir,

Dear

RECORD.

the

of the

one

of

great, that

an

it

hour
was

utterly
soft parts,

vessels,
largerblood-

into

blood

far

the
the

loose

pain

determined

THK

to

relieve him

byfoperativemeasures,

and

swelling

tension

coagulated, and
the

sufficiently
deep
finger,with
examined

enormously

swollen

quite

was

and

slighthaemorrhage
tissues diminished

cut

of

the

but

cheek,

closed,the

been

shortly after

tension

days.

It

of

cheek, in

the

cocaine

is

the

I
experience.
per

region

I

possibleresult,and
known,

peculiareffect

the
its

solution

of

production of
removal

of small

many

which

one

his

of

Cocaine

which

is most

case

untoward

be

must

Dr.

for several

the

swelling

dilatation

as

is

used

(even

tissue in

the

the

patient of

the

he

if my

would

ten

patienthad

have
cent,

per

with

experiences which

or

fifteen per
for

for the

of

about

objectedto

hazardous

and

agent

the

painless

great power

and

great caution."

offers is somewhat

interestingand

a

connective

is necessary

Stickler

this

had

of cocaine

that

an

of the
of the

subsequently learned

a

had

before

paralyzing effect
a

of the

knife
as

relieved

large

a

swelling

marked

as

unnecessary

anaesthesia,such

explanation
but

both

the
the

by

solution

him,

upon

tumours.

touch.

congestion. Having

he

employment

cocaine

local

but
usefulness,

The

the

the

was

author) that

confident

what
injection,

of cocaine

I consider

use.

cent,

the

the

prior to

quite

am

cheek

made

areolar

was

only

least,informing

at

cheek

the

moments,

the

index-

of

the

intense

face,without,

of the

the

presence

causing thus

loose

the

wholly

again injecta

not

of

not

to

nerves,

solution)into

cent,

due

consequent

would

few

a

wound

was

was

case,

vasomotor

vessels, with

blood

four

this

the

(writes

true

of

along the edges

swelling became

condition

probably

upon

and

not

vessels

small

for
appreciably,

operation. This

the

the

through

made

to
semi-fluctuating

but

tense,

The

underlying tissues,

of the

surpiise,for

a

from

the

interior

evidence

any

had

easilyremoved.

introduction

the

of

part

finding

the

that the

seem

blood, which

incision

an

and

permit

to

every

This

be

cheek

did it
of

escape

condition

the

long

which

blood-clot.

the

to

that

of

and

without

certain

so

anaesthetized, and

membrane

mucous

The

in

could

therefore

patientwas

due

were

95

RECORD.

DKNTAL

his

have

factory,
unsatis-

warning justified
by
been

now

put

upon

record.

Management
According

to

all interference

proscribed.

Dr.

-with

Hence

he

of

Primary

Monti, Journal

primary

de Sciences

dentition

considers

as

Dentition.
Medicates

should, as

injurious the

a

de Lille.

general rule, be

ordinarypractices^

96

THE

for

as,

example, biting

so-called

emollient

The

membrane

in

water

pure

efficacious

Acidi

^.

the

gums

keep

the

objects,bathing

of

precaution is

of

a

state

wash

the

to

It

perfect cleanliness.

mouth

times

several

solutions.
antiseptic
following:

or

the

are

hard

on

measure

during dentition,to
with

RECORD.

with

substances,etc.

only necessary

mucous

DENTAL

the

Among

boracici

is

best,

daily,either
the
latter,

most

xiv.

gr

Aquas destillatse
Tinct. myrrhae

buccal

3 viii.
xiv.
m

M.

"

Or,
Sodii

R.

salicylatis

...

Aquae destillatse
Tinct.
myrrhae
the

When
with
or

a

soft

very

The

dentifrice.

suitable

a

results

gives excellent

that

once,

the

the
of

29th

...

menthas...

...

...

the

salicylatis

December

be

to

commence

C.

Dr.

last,at

better

decay they
as

:

iijgr. xiv.

gtt. iv.

...

C. R.

of Dr.
R.

M.

gr. Ixxv.
5

...

Death

of

gtt. iv.

aa

...

preservedas long

be

5 iiss.

mentha3...

milk-teeth

death

cleansed

by Zsigmomdy,

"

...

Sodii

they may

be

5 iiss.

following may

praeparat..

The
In

...

Cretse

Essentiae

i^When

...

...

Magnesii carb.

B..

should

preceding solutions,

aa

...

children

young

of the

one

M.

"

:

Essentiae

very

xiv.

m

following,recommended

Pulv.

In

...

appeared, they

Magnesii carb.
saponis
ossis sepiae
Pulv.

R.

...

gr. xiv.
3 viii.

either

brush, using

...

...

have

teeth

milk

...

M.

"

should

be filled at

possible.

Coffin.

Coffin, of South

the

of

age

Kensington, on the
the professionhas
sixty-five,
Coffin

has for several years
his
work
its results
and
affairs,
active part in professional
taken
no
A
quiet, unobtrusive, but
still linger in the
thoughts of many.
is
an
and appreciative
mind,
adornment, but is not
observant
lost

a

valuable

Dr.

Although

worker.

keenly
too

technical
earnestness

the
in

came

and

Dr.

common.

work
with

with

Coffin

will

be

which

his

name

which

he

took

is
up
Dr.

associated,as

and

Association.
British Dental
the United
States,studying his

was

the
as

in

worked

Coffin

for
well

born

the
and

purely
for

the

interest

of

educated

taining
obBoston, and
profession
In
in
1855 he
1853.
College
his quahficationat Baltimore
for a few years in Manchester,
to England, at first practising
is
As
London.
well-known. Dr. Coffin made
subsequently in

interestingexperiments
of mercury
removing the excess

some

alike

remembered

on

at

the
from

propertiesof
amalgam

gold
fillings.

foil

in

\

The dental
Vol.

XI.

MARCH

IRREGULARITIES

I had
the

T.

of my

read

to

made

work

is the skill,
patienceand

and

little

or

is not

him

bring

the

one

us

which

upon

yet I feel,that

paper,

apologyfrom
ingenuityof

no

part is likely to

no

a

present subject to

have

needs

TREATMENT,-

Coysh.

subjectthis evening

my

intended
originally

importance

3.

Gentlemen,

and

Although

THEIR

AND
By

President

No.

1891.

2nd,

"0mmunicattona

rtgtnal

Mr.

RECORD.

considering

the change
dentists,

as

In

me.

the

part of

no

operator

I

our

taxed,

more

credit, if successfully

more

accomplished.
of
Irregularities

marring

teeth

besides

may,

spoilingthe beauty

and

expressionof a face, give rise to inabilityto speak
masticate the food properly. This last is
to
or
distinctly,

the

clearlyor
a

the

point,which,

in

a

and

young

growing

child

the

is of

utmost

associated with
importance,for, imperfectmastication is necessarily
and thus the physical
and consequent
indigestion
imperfectnutrition,
affected.
well-beingof the child is injuriously
Again, the crowded
of the

state

which

teeth

usuallyfind

we

in

of

cases

is
irregularity,

favourable to the inroads of caries.
directly
If then, by our
treatment, we succeed in improving or correcting
in improving speech and
mastication, or in reducing
a
deformity,
the

to caries,
we
liability

accomplishedsound
have

patientswe

and

most

of

our

experienceof
*

Read
VOL.

are

in the

and

and

at the

students

here,we

of

our

Societyof

cases

and

of

of

having

improvement
time

same

skill and
professional

our

students'

members

at the Students'
XI.

we

personal satisfaction

of treating
cases
opportunities
of other

treatment

valuable
of

advertisement
legitimate

Therefore,whilst

the

good work,

most

a

have

in

perfectly

a

care.

ought

to

make

the

of watching
ourselves,

by
profiting

our

the

and
staff,

thus try to attain

the Dental

Hospitalof

London,

the

advice and
to

great

as

Jan. 19, 1891.
G

98

THE

DENTAL

in
degree of proficiency

a

attain
to

in

other

so, both

do

that of

from

and
We

called

we

valuable,and

artificial dentures.

of the

The

are

is

The

should

and

to

of

almost

any

good result,

a

the

it is of

the

canines, on
situated

semi-elliptical

a

region

largersize

a

in

curve,

from

deviation

regular positions,any

is upon

incisor

such

upon

of little

are

speak.

to

of the

account

teeth

in position
irregularities

teeth

in the

fixing of

practice in fitting

as

temporary

I propose

of

bite, and

and

extent,

some

that

teeth

be

privatepractice.

obtain

to

mouth

treated, and

never

in

interest

our

examinations

our

cases

enough

the

flattened
slightly

prominent

passing

to

try

we

Besides, the practicein impressiontaking

arrangement

at the

teeth

skilful

serve

permanent

which

curve,

of

greatlyto

undertake

of
Irregularities

normal

as
irregularities

It is

view

to

fittingto

regulating plates,must

alone

of

upon

suffer.

the

importanceand

work.

our

not

are

reputationmust

our

is

if

of

professionalreputation when

be

character,and

of

point

the

our

then

shall

the treatment

branches

from

RECORD.

of those teeth

their

this

slightly

and

respective

constituting

an

irregularity.
either

those

shape

of the

are
Irregularities

the normal

size

and

of the
causing irregularities
in

combined

the

and
congenital,

teeth,
at

of

result

the

the

as,

or

which

causes

it will

I think

after

may

well

be

to

diagnosed,and
certainly
is

others

go

shaped
perfectly
rather

than

individual,the

plan

the

eruption of
of

result

the

acting

causes

of
of

a

but

numerous,

of them,

some

this

and

to

shew

that

arches, but
the

great

one

as

rule.

successful

for if the

result

be

can

operativetreatment

is

less necessary
structure

to

is

to

all

; for

more

know,

teeth

case, for

researches

barbarians

fact, the
the

naturallythe

cause

ancient
we

In

imperfect are

more

less and

development

the

chance

the

undoubtedly

dental

become

hereditaryor

as

upon.

Civilisation

speaking; and

before

or

consider
briefly

more

exception

varieties

congenital irregularity
being

birth

properlyunderstood,the

and

thus

processes

are
produce irregularities

be

Coleman

classed

of

eruption.

cause

easilydecided

those

or

get both

may

are

accidental,

teeth,

alveolar

we

acquired irregularityis

time

same

; and

They

acting before

causes

and

jaws

teeth

case.

acquired or

whereas

The

same

individual

of

as

such

higher
and
the

had
are

the

looked

for.

very
the

now

type

of

jaws, generally
teeth

existence,a deterioration
be

by

and

jaws

in their

Inheritance

is

DENTAL

THE

another

this

and

cause,

producingdeformities
of the

teeth,
in

marked

child

have

may

father, whilst
or

it may

dental

those

much

in

The

with

the

of

probably of
The

the

other

in

the

between

;

its

jaws
teeth,

and

processes

there is

where

of

arranged

development

and

types,

in the

jaws

in

of the

jaws

is

feres
inter-

(which, according to Tomes,

the

jaws

teeth) there

the

the

with

the

to

the

it lacks

jaw

upper

lower, is due

articulations

the

rather

with

than

is certain

be

to

the

rate

irregularity,

canines.

fact that

the

the

nationalities

are

if the

illness

severe

development

development

of

of the mother

countries

new

teeth

permanent

irregularposition,and
a

in

those

a

common.

very

checked, e.g.^ by

size

alveolar

different

between

those

in

Hence

body.

and
maxillary,

and

thus

in the

resemble

in its

jaws

very

jaw resembling

one

harmony

irregularities
; and

crypts of the

very

operates

elsewhere

jaw

of

the

inter-marriage

than

other

parent

one

between

or

are
irregularities

of

in the

Lack
peculiarities,

all result

than

teeth

in
peculiarities

resemble

themselves,

a

powerfullyin
the jaws and also of the shape and positions
being probably more
parental peculiarities

of

and

jaws

law

natural

familyand

the

99

RECORD.

is

fact
of

bones

its

that

the

stimulus

any

often

more

imperfectlydeveloped

face,and

growth

to

is checked

growth

being
that

its

by

fixed and

movable
im-

might

movement

give.
the

Excessive,or

insufficient

angle of

lower

of the

the

jaw, and

lower

jaw,

contracted

and

lower

and

of individual

jaws respectively
; and
In

the

of

habits,such

of

causes

earlyextraction

The

and

at

above

jaw, and

failure of the

relate

causes

mainly to

forms

common

the

are

various

the

in position
peculiarities
be

not

complicated by

forgotten that

the

of

presence

a

a

acquired deformity.

Among

presence

upper

diagnosing,it must
be

ascending ramus,

in protrusionof
jaws,resulting

upper

congenitaldeformity may

too

the

of these the most

the stunted

teeth.

the

great deformities,viz.,protrusion

cause

protrusionof

congenitaldeformities,and

further

of

The
occlusion, respectively.

anterior

upper

growth

and

long

too
or

supernumerary
as

acquired irregularities
may
retention

of

acquired V-shapedmaxilla
for

by

temporary

mentioned
the
teeth,

supplementalteeth,accidents, and

and
thumb-sucking, lip-sucking

variouslyaccounted

be

is

a

very

different authors.

bad

mouth-breathing.

common

Tomes

form, and

it is

attributes it to
G

2

100

THE

enlarged tonsils,owing
the

through
lateral
and

the

mouth

is exerted

pressure

is

V-shape

mental

and

Coles

pressingthe

already

back,

during

canines

to

to

and

much

too

developmental

side teeth

it to

inward.
is

one

if it

inside

crowded

early,

first

bicuspid erupts,
with

molar

down

this stage, the

at

becomes

bicuspidand

cheeks,

sutures,

coming

the

and

second

tendency, it

the

the

attributes it

of

owing

nerve

forward

the

of

with.

erupted

not

when

and

first

carrying the

ossification

permanent

teeth

anterior

inward

an

the

to

breathe

to

kept constantly open,

Cartwright

fifth

is interfered

bicuspid is

second

crowded

the

unable

the tension

jaws by
early

to

of

nutrition

It is also attributed

If the

the

enough physicalexercise

not

period,whereby
and

thus

graduallyproduced.

derangement

to

patientis

being

upon

high breeding, Oakley
Kingsley

the

which

to

The

nose.

RECORD.

DENTAL

the

had

arch,

extent, thus

some

producing the saddle-shapedjaw.
The
The
and

deformityproduced by thumb-sucking
front

lower
the

upper

each

the

growth

normal

habit

jaw

at

occlusion, or

V-shaped

distinction
maxilla

involved, and

to

seems

have

angles,thus

the

the lower

a

and

separated

tendency

leading

jaw biting one

in the

Distinction

other

congenital

the

between

is that

Diagram

B.)

also

flattened,

curve

to

to

failure

reduce
of

the

behind

tooth

its

position.

The

and

to

anterior

lengthened, protruded

are

The

of the

the

shortened,and

are

teeth

front

other.

from

anterior

teeth

characteristic.

is very

in

the

only the

one

the

case

alveolar

and

the

body

of the

processes.

should

also be made

between

the

is

jaw

(Diagrams

Diagram

A.

acquired

A

B,

V-shaped and

THE

the

101

RECORD.

DRNTAT.

(Diagrams C

saddle-shaped maxilla

In the

D.)

and

V shaped

I

C.

Diagram
teeth

the

arranged

are

at
anteriorly

of the

surfaces

mesial

is

shaped, there

contraction

placed,the

well

of the

treatment
not

shaped

it is

within

resembles

Tomes

in his

''

position of
that

Dental

jaw,
saddle-shaped
There

is

a

in the

of the

which

Surgery

but

describes

proverb that

"

in

"

as

of

a

timely extraction
off the

ward

when

I think

from

of

typicalcase

better

a

such

as

so, than

children

and

thumb-sucking,

irregularity,

teeth

is

enough

should

be

to

kept

period of eruption,and

and
to

it

cure," and

than

of threatened

the

be foreseen
do

instand-

this because

I say

therefore,children
possible,

practiceto

it is

saddle-

a

is exerted

very

interferingtemporary

can
irregularity

The

treated

wait

and

by extraction,
use

mechanical

afterwards.

A

very

where

the

of

an

it is better

treatment

out

; if

being

often

in

this reason,

cases

supervision during
professional

under
then

danger

of

a

againsthabits
some

saddle-

V-shaped.

prevention is

In
produce irregularities.

which
the

be warned

the

whereas

arch.

an

For
appliesvery forciblyto irregularities.
their parents should

In

the

V-shapedjaw

the

pressure

illustrates
it

less of

first extractingthe

when

keystone

or

bicuspidregion.

expanding,
without

us.

converge

teeth there

front,the

being only
before

extract

more

presented to

in

impossibleto expand

the
ing bicuspid,

get

we

for
types is different,

two

to

necessary

angle

acute

no

that

so

teeth

central

which

straight lines

two

on

angle,

acute

an

D.

Diagram

good example
canines

are

or

a

preventivemethod

eruptingearly,and

place,or leaving no

V-shaped

of such

room

for the

saddle-shapedmaxilla.

either

is in

pressingthe

a

case

laterals

bicuspids,thus threateninga

Such

a

condition

is well

treated

condition of these such fully I shall not question. crowded and the mouth. fall to of pressure the is the done.so performing be minimum. six front done the unsightlyand conspicuous. a very simple irregularity serious very of the growth removed. first temporary forcepsalso removing thus DENTAL teeth to as I operation as an suggested. will be interfered centrals. RECORD. improved by boys possible. of the six-yearmolar Loose in the set almost if one so lower we may. It is necessary. a months year-old molar to-night . into converted a growth A is also result out. the general rule is. the round. An operation which canines temporary of the for the Besides.the jaw. upper a are without of which condition If incisors or to the the mouth In should and The always are be and be teeth extractions do kept stable of the if of the become the centre the particularly appliesto is one in one in of cases the a rarely missed. as fracture. particularly room rarely be must of the one canines. teeth posteriorto extracted.for any kept should stumps remove upper they must mouth to be working temporary rarelynecessary permanent should molar temporary of sex in be saved canine decide must should us. The so second to prevent the as anterior teeth. any stimulates of Growth laterals. desirabilityof extracting the relative the removed. is usuallyvery would as of the long invariablybe symmetrical. as crowding always is sometimes that laterals should in very deciding which be alike canine. the question whereas considerations. or one so as forwards if such extract hesitation. be considered a a with first bicuspids.102 THE by removing the all given with the much enter upon caries must have the of the he paper discussed that teeth reduced to few the but before thin-bladed a and large will permanent dealt very ago.if all the the six teeth are front teeth sound. operation. is crowded posteriorteeth working suflficient treatment. Room of possibility read six then molars. point arises lateral but only is extracted. without stimulus canine extraction generallyprovide place crowded eventually the the will lower. and helpedby too extract we the into teeth this soon of the laterals is thus is forward. the remaining The jaw. make to if and laterals retarded. separationbetween Mr. to . for the permanent room in jaw. character for they give possible. and developing and any in the May. canines This with. should much be things being equal. other girlsfor be aesthetic The saved. to teeth.

control and of entirelydecides which in this respect.already be the at even one.for iMoreover. fullyerupted. of " . earlier molars third.^be of cost becomes drawn back. the extracting.may teeth or mechanical : but . operated upon fullydeveloped. so postpone on life. six-year-oldmolars the extended more being pulled backwards.in immediately range It tooth a result eventual patients'actions. upon In the anterior pulled forwards always must opponent no which the tilted for always disorganised. great difficul- with cope We the of difficulty be can simple cases. that many is the easier alveoli obtained and diagnosisis clearer.for also be considered must our dense a in removed treatment mechanical new The be redeposition under the by other the extract. so to out. so be moving its root tooth a large.however. twelve-year in position^ anchorage is being actively the that for tissues are interference. and better have we treatment is not the preferenceto the badly articulates positions. if . if the fer operating. articulation of second. and to implanted in organs be to front lost . confronted by teeth in of the retention all promote to pressure are we our delicate move have we stimulus that ensure or have which apparatus. articulation in many mechanical twelve-year molars. a . and able to nutrition bear happens of the general health all the will the age its possiblelater wait to teeth be that the until will plenty of bony system height. tissue. necessary the The the is almost the cases question of has is better treatment the direciions absorption even when what is often their teeth greatest will a is case be. removal the first. account of ties. will leave and deformity preferenceto great objections to which the in extracted are irregularities the to afterwards done extended more The is nearest which tooth the extract W6 RECORD. sound a should tooth carious a us treatment. it is also a critical organic changes we unsatisfactory then must period in a child's taking place.so is than there is at eruption of are better then that after of the work greater a In any on. at developed. should the mechanical We thus and tooth a way situated deciding which but or its removal.DENTAL THE the least work almost be to alway. is. for of movement is it are the before finally to our completed. " extraction. and. and before tooth a being properl} carried are have in its opponents meets articulation tooth cannot teeth instead be space treatment weakened be considered Thus.

are way without left to models. a and more but of state to faulty the teeth conditions are age of the teeth The the a is the and sex.should the often are At treatment on offending teeth jaws. most a to position. for by tooth plasterteeth important. on in up the where irregularpositions. deciding that be sidered. knowing correct us soon time as more such biting edge are be that result Many simple cases. and usually rests. front teeth unable physically remember. be course same becomes spoiling their interferingtemporary of the incisor. permanentlv injured by when difficult and more DENTAL a of a the direction a tooth can be .for a or account on articulation The more girl. we be the should The one are treated front as teeth placed in the When jaws as of in the mouth be may should we and It is not only in moustache whereas in will obvious more for time as advice and predisposmg to teeth in both and of the this upon treatment is globe of which capableunder the point. fullyerupted. must question of lateness goes canes. for upon wi'. severe uncertain. root into the apex has a to be desired made position. advisability eruption pressure. as a crypts this sort beyond Such the cutting off undertake to aid study of study of of cases any teeth. beard deformity.as very mixed helped by Kingsley'splan replacingthem in grow. new important so appearance and a in which for advice. if the make appearance. familyhistoryis important.l affect it in of the and of operation. equal weight less the when cases treatment difficult case a deformity a if see girl. our of face and the irregularitycan which the portionof centre. mastication. moved to in crowded a models usuallyfirst brought are defect more as only may congenitalor acquired origin of the of the and the at both case the on in after life carefullyexamined extraction proposed our the even sexes be important bearing how are otherwise or of of the case idea an is not conceal effectually Children on. con- question often be of crown the surface Thus the and an patientmust its aid this have also family type of before of sake man's a become the is around out for the but movement root practicable.such a in boy. Practically.the settled. edge to and long a bear to goes inversion as might expect. is appearance. and timely extraction of the as it.or an hopeless looking patientis brought a obvious. once of the the themselves of and cut many recognised. for caries. careful The the themselves.1"H THE child's health might of treatment course time. must RECORD.

known of case carefully sometimes as the of success treatment. undertaken be friends. simple. teeth to no strong to which upon insure plasterol it to Paris a are be it is injure the necessary possiblewith mastication to fit not to or as their the than could use. and should teeth extracted any that pretty full notes during and any principles every make results after treatment. should case patientor the fact that DKNTAL be the and I have light.but teeth. the treatment certain and the to as taken. and and the difficult cases. which for reference be most place as it. deformity.will own regulation now always good grip. time the be cast necessary the firstones a different stages happen. of certain a and I shall in text-books done.^ protrusion and his 105 RECORD. work our a here and of in. For at work and perfectly. mouth. if. and question can no the and for end give broad differ in to ment. both cases is consent I believe the once be must will for mastered. our not this. treat- only to adopted.or at remembered.as impossibleto gained. generallyadvisable recommended gums turn experience. line of It is right conditions and therefore.should so that tooth before be taken. treatment details vary I would been entire attempt cases. dispute should should take every for in as to to them. with treatment appliancesused Models of had of the students to.but our the construction and personal experience in and of I shall way. An the for vv^ithout this failure rules for disappointment.advise they treat. treat. to are nearly reasons convincing witnesses. individual of help us can in the that say alone is the matter to way improvement.I not These extracted. obtain to vulcanise always trim to the A should first of necks gutta-percha plate should sacrifice of this the on impressionmaterials. progress I have arise. it.unless congenital cases e. are a models and case.THK T think desire that of the successful no result. our Such teach and notes us learnt in any other A which models about more of mechanical the model. efficiency .g. it ought interfere when speech especially as the little child as is . his friends be can our see to difficulty patient and little can the to response particulartypes some extremely and experience laid down and in we decided a equally important co-operation of in rate any are cases. of for a they unfortunatelyoccurs. when have of plan for type. and has been during the preserved. be important subjects of apparatus. treatment believe embody details regulation plate must result.

and remove this.and in battle and can long a gone we the the cap as those teeth meals. upon be plateshould no cannot DENTAL and glycerin. weak a patientneutralisingour the bite.an solution may the and they plate caries than worse besides . In ' confidence. we of of deliv^ery must shall be the force greater than get an be must that of the opposite effect to a fixed teeth what and one. of its near absorbed exceeding spiritsof wine. is in other jaw. patient and can should cleansed should such strongh' too dentist. after cause done the such but may avoided often prevent used treatment.for the or bite. which his right angle a yields is sufficient be b' the by work. it the of disturbance Cases stage some less uncomfortable or more at easilygive good masticating in the antiseptic of permanganate teeth back advantageouslyapplied to inner patients. this the toward way direction outer than thus regulation Force in make plate. our be moving least at be of be mouth-wash. treatment its to too tenderness gums a and readily taking place and is take to to making with perfectly to bicuspid and more get pain There . meeting mouth considerable when plateshowever. and absorption interfered teeth. The point resistance there to or move. replace it. (except we his of routine resulting comfort alveolus and will to teeth front caused discomfort matter capping the moving the obtaining about at tooth a of it. which iodine Sponginess of may the under gums tannin as be ated camphor- and locallyby astringents.and more molar outwards.for as is and day a possible.for otherwise. and plates thoroughly and be cannot be RECORD. the trying we are we expect If . to without first. the the to his patientor insist I cannot daily visits last state generally necessary of should be the deodorant potash without the that constructed so kept clean.such treated in force of the readily region limit of of as in particularly the the And Our strong. efforts by of continuous If inflammation be a the in the we treated by painting usually the not are be must and upper and power the the steady have patient we tooth is half long the with axis.106 at THE school. the this. articulate is thinner steady and with. cap once of amount an removed. process tip.and friends teeth and that induced Regulation of It is other the be teeth lower models fit to it should a is most plate the lower). equal parts. the tincture the must older health.

for a tooth useful most be have they acted himself after by the never here which if not rather time force limit.I used a unless or secured secured.but rings pulling out great tendency its have. out-standing teeth. that as a depositionof tooth is Elasticityis pulling back they but must the teeth. and. hold to easily made fit round to metals by fixingsmall them be should tooth the upon soldered into may to on be may disposalare our of elasticity and Mr. into a completed. very a force intermittent necessarily is place but long the the act to pegs right home. but at on oral used as deformities compressed of applying plates. loosening and cause a unscientific. and we Elastic possibleloss. the force takes takes practicallywithout are of bone regulated thus. Pegs the are It depends certain their upon degree the be the plate Thus.the also be point of reception of fixed a the tooth. for n:"t fit capped. out. then tooth. round elastics . plate or slipup to may I have which lessons. the plate must and patientis not inconsiderable. : and useful very allow to by burnishing cases. or the ends of hooks be A collar strip of thick platinum foil a this by melting The levers forces other for of descriptions Wedges in wood too are " ing strengthen- inclined planes. 107 RECORD DENTAL Inclined use. Kingsley speaks very highly purposes. that find in its socket few intelligent. after treatment thus but for any oflfendingtooth. most it to towards the down arrangement collars the on neck and root of elastics patienteasilymanipulated the patient or leave such an friends were apparatus to . and Screws. wedges. and should not the unless like to are to a work an applications useful very for in-standing teeth. and position. at solder force obtained drilled may springs. and to we firm become must the to . the be may which to holes or this and one. but now.the diflficulty with of their frequent and levers very generallyused. and at the long that me ineflEcient and is most left being to seems plate is graduallybitten the driven tooth action misfit of of mastication of their simple cases. By produced. refer of jack screws his work to you expansionand for when times. is little are with conjunction in used generally are planes them elasticity. rubber.THE possible. conjunction great used I must but ligatures reception of the for collars it. thus teeth back discomfort the slowly. they well.

) Fig. i. which is the E. be must to obtained indebted am teeth. (F"'ig. front retractingupper point high which decided simple very (Fig. an times some- action . Fig. DENTAL it RECORD. we well are tips of upon the small applied teeth. be wil from a for used they struck up to in up the palate be secured by fit and fixed with may of amount these retraction hooks shortening is For cases. The upon I.(~"wirig adjustedthem. 2. carefullywatched. always models and needed a in apparatus Gardener.) 2.108 THE their although care. When be to seen we for they to expected. to gold tips. examination. With this arrangement. this illustrating plan I the action have which a did not of elastics loan to difTerent appear eflfect to at what the time the soldered of Mr.they osteo.

The will be follows. quickly shaken after of frequently materially affected. tightened. light. not " elasticity . at carefully done.coil springs shall get coil springstill acts along this be for surface of wire Coffin wire then in clean front rounded turns the direction (Fig. or all the have gives the spring. it is importance to students.THE Platinised used for metals used. quite inexpensive. have to parallelplanes . which Talbot the bending coil to plate fit well steadily. off beneath coil Also the were notice tightened. 2nd.and and : ist. before springcooled in two or of matter a solution. that coil. if off the springcomes the teeth. DENTAL pianofortewire steel these. and from it. and and. for and gold 109 RECORD.little trouble be the hot. the wire movable would end slipup of the and and there.and at any thick have to quickly this. chloride dipped into quite If the is I method melted place in takes temper greatest advantage of The or the the is be must molten are which most generally tin I length critical times. extremelyelastic. 3- purposely arranged wrongly. following being all their throughout prevent that oxidation to as the are on the of at a which the same.piano wire of springs.3) illustrates of the we the and torsion and spring wire. rightside This it is Fig. sharp angle .strong. be spring.it an instant into which tin is obtained tin. the piano experienced.the very For their aid. before.but a If the teeth. adjustedas carefully turn or surplus teeth. traction readilyperformed by are the generally cleaning springiness of the turn a zinc removal off and is most tinning After not must Upon clear.which the thus . Pressure. wire springsof piano so often breakage causes and thoroughly.as sloping surfaces the slipoff tendency some vulcanising. and pressingout the these the vulcaniser. attending their only difficulty effective. the coil is same being use when the only all be can required in that is spring and of the force so water. to the end case rate and of the in in the 3rd.the not adopt. the on pointsto be observed push a and never instead bent in the wire plane as the left side.

points. canine in this strong in which and I used kept spring if a gold or give'). helps to prevent slipping.no THE DF. The bend it acts advantage.g. the end upon in the may case believe its colour be cannot mention was cut that from it is German in the it. I the No.^ upon collar upon Brown's it is very cases the a where a canine. This method is useful inside.4 and 5) 4- 5 also traction shews outwards. 5- steady hold I polishingstrips. for by simply opening upon the tooth closingthis. any small of bridge another into this or required piano method the tooth upon is of great of side to side wire the of the tooth beneath illustrate these Fig. be hole fitted drilled (Figs. however. cases which under wire movement preventing slipping.NTAL RECORD. were the thin one of at silver. mouth not from obtained metal Parmly any rate in the very well very lengthened .and or be can the before immediately playinto spring may Fig. A is play may collar small a These collar. e.which.

another DENTAL illustrative for of by me Mr. following hints cases.it more and is springiness must parallelwith anterior the removing on of coil preventing accumulations binding wire (which also helpsto after the Coffin side. Before together by that so plaster). in placed more of the a direction for arch not bodily. and contoured not position the palate be built must of food. and case Fig. to vulcanite.THE I have ones.a good springis immediately Diagram turns to round pass spring its form to hold the across of the I spring is most as the turns binding placed roots region.which capable useful Lawrence The wire. for when and up in these used It the Lawrence be flat from must work must it. (Diagram E.and is met openingthe spring. to parallel work again must expanding the bicuspidswhereas contour be must is divided. In wire it. should be tied springin the for Read. and flat surface the that indebted am side to a upon I which Read. too spring and or the be should parallelto the be in the springsmade to bility cause wire lost. plateis completed obtained be the thick.) E. inspection.as I have there is no found such ha- with ifit is curved . plateskindly lent 111 RECORD each other. admirably. in this misfit manner on Mr.thus behind also puttingthe springsin the wax. of number a 6.The very extended expansion and (Fig.Thus it will be seen application. more less or expansionof the to this direction transverse The palate. 6).

clean by grinding. follows as up " 2nd. is wasted. for was in new . such tied spring 7- of the advantages summed shows 7 was case March. when Colyer. pressure patient is avoided be may the to spring. Fig. palate.THE contoured and the to DENTAL RECORD. 1890. been occlusion.and described The on models. comfortable more adjust when to of the for out by building up backs ready and application. accident let down and no lent or some Mr. the cleansingpurposes may for rarely be attempted centrals. torsion cases torsion adopted.a a loss outwards. inefficient. Fig.after if (2nd)lettingdown and . Record is be reasons. they are In to platescan making a plateand Of of time is specialoperations for only mention immediate (ist) grinding the teeth Immediate the It should great. The work may their effectiveness be .for upper the is seldom danger one avoided. their wide : platebeing necessarily a steady fit the 4th. ligatured be plan by time that advisable death of often hard treatment of failure fair chance give a to teeth .for In by and have anterior illustrated in the Dental and question of time of the of success. their steady and and 5th. the are laterals and the mouth and These those gutta-perchaon of of the which desired.show a retention trouble retainingplate.for good a spared alone roots it has most to secure a will be the of a the round should bite This obtained. importantone. our articulation the bite loss of the whose teeth only other any after treatment. where result teeth performed Patients case by be can are been obvious is means teeth than other canines. once Another a 3rd. enough without young. fitted. musL moved. and pulp to I need irregularities. it should . perfectlyfitting previous work and suflBcient. up trouble no of plate new forcing teeth the thus or constant in and taken easily little of fracture case plate and a be and springs for regulation of use ist. for vulcanising. cases very on the if that be is though even healthy.

if possible.and longer and longer intervals. diagrams.may been firm teeth should by Protrusion for one gold by fitting made small insertinga after that. and for in these the bite is all have mouth to make for retention. that see consequences all takes closely place. I scant Mr. gentlemen who for drawing my the or going well. hearing.and stayingthem Fig.bringsme in fact. After proportionate is deposited in another.8. Mr. at its removal that it is safe to do be cases projections (Fig. reasonable lent to the gentlemen. difference as the to quickly in which time need the necessary part of the one longesttime have to or be for A convenient very be teeth. and to justice in so of the upper cases torsion jaw. paper. Royston. Dalton. and conclusion.) for the first few watched Those together. the plate. if all is Consent to impressedon without our This.I important a subject.r 113 RECORD. kindlymade . The varies from three retainingplateto be worn two The years. the surfaces worn the are as againstretention . twisted more collars or retracted teeth that the to teeth. DENTAL THE always be made to assist. Breese for your discussion as subjectof Irregularities undoubtedly deserves. the back cap have adjacent on to should The so. President though a and keeping it within have long I feel that one.and patient trust models me In that we it has have I have limits. Reed. obviouslynot retainer solderingthem moved. be given until we certain are never and patient. Such cases. change no be must case of premature removal disclaimed responsibility must if done consent.the retention days 8. for for necessary months does not of teeth moved number time and done had to close of my but great shall have as thank good you a diflficulty the several thank apparatus. and Gillett. " bone as teeth long time a : a much as a supported upon both labial and lingual A retaining plate which is to deformitywill recur. The Figures and Diagrams have been reproducedfrom pen-and-inkdrawings for me by Messrs.

TEETH By Professor DENTAL name thirtyfeet to in length. numerous one characters common they and brought were structure jaws having Their unique Layard's whale. anterior the of the of lower teeth two its inner that of the dorsum dorsum the from so the strap-shaped shaft: a opposite side the body. prominent whale). notice the the by rare the specimens for sections have to Cray. the strap-shaped shaft. and been of of hand try my to me description. beak. from jaw. In jaw. it is against of tooth. upwards and each tooth cross each reaches other of appearance that evident the 14 they in the beak inches. and inwards. inner and have must act The gum. tooth concave against each rubbed opening Each socket. diagram). willinglydid. Paper read The before base rises total the the anterior polished shaft. though cetacean.and Society of Scotland. 6^ whale young the inches little from the when it becomes in was Y(f outer of which of than more denticle edge of the the continuous A an inch. and Turner the MESOPLODON Turner structure '' Sir William before W. he of this teeth fragments Red asked teeth of " Challenger seems now. the rare before bring interestingand were at this of to me Mesoplodon Layardi its beaked Norfolk. iSyg.its basebeing^inch. L. abruptlyfrom teeth two the of directlyupwards its diameter the Odonto-Chirurgical summit length of is protrudes through proper of surface other. beak-like it enables of this and bottle-headed pretty at common handed to over read a and paper ment arrange- obtained been heads elevated from long are narrow the (hence fifteen from range very time.while of The jaw. to base some . the In there junction of the (as will be sockets from of triangular denticle as backwards. which your RECORD. jaws. obliquely the from and consists the line. the teeth expedition. William I very Three animal. or projects almost end each in socket denticle shape.114 THE HISTOLOGY OF THE taking Sir G. It border. of Royal Society descriptive the of Watson.the surface is imbedded proper the middle at protrude curves As beak. description: it emerges laterally compressed in relation teeth no symphysis their a are Turner's William Sir Professor the jaw upper the from is triangular apex shaft. home OF micro-photographsof some whale. In June. side and the to In " with Quoting present. fossilised of the LAYARDI.S. upper with of shaft.D. the on the on seen proper.

tissues in OF minutes Coxon. the tubules it somewhat thick a appearance. Mr. S. nominated were Harris and Hill. and fringeof through passes up find it is made of vaso-dentine. limitingthe the through there . Clarke. presented by of the the whole the hand. and H.Eng.or making them. outer has cementum. young exhibit continued 115 RECORD. amended read. (See micro-photographs). J. Dublin. W. Knowles.similar layer is composed the comes a pulp.S. "Reading. the tooth of the unusual in pulp made curious the of functionally The on February.DENTAL THE irregular patchesot glisteningwhite the enamel is not of dentine. the above Societywas The in the of the held President. teeth of the action is canals arrangement their and teeth.After a allusion graceful h2 . were Society. vascular calcified of up mammalian the histo-genesisof THE other with Mesoplodon makes animal. chair and a large previous Meeting C.at of attendance Vernon S. W. Forest Mr. pulp denticle. OF REPORTS of and in the animal. distinctlylaminated a obtains what to a is tooth. of the elected members The of the that immediately to deliver the upon puzzle to the to the beak very the of would one GREAT BRITAIN. the apex to its outer form tooth adult ether of base strap-shapedshaft then the on enamel upwards In the tooth. Dr. confirmed. .R. The members. of Ordinary Monthly Meeting the 2nd were SOCIETY ODONTOLOGICAL each SOCIETIES. with the records fact T. which vertical section layer. A. reading opening of the to a establish usually address search of the followed minutes. of the a Square. the A. report. A. L. Mr.S. canaliculi and pulp. Mr.Mr. and and other dentine. Mr. Albert that introductoryremark Societyfor precedents. the the direction of the of it is solidified.seemed President's the hend compre- while W..we lacunae numerous The but surface.. next dentine of micro-photographs with inter-communicating The arrangement think. composed In the the shaft the to the appearance Commencing layer of the at contains layer. Wisbech. thereupon proceeded his Inaugural of which the . Hutchinson. 40. Leicester M.D. President. followingis a condensed Address. L.and lastlythe modified vaso-dentine.C. Baker. the of tooth. to use no jaw next running of osteo up relation in granular a radiatingtowards development.

be importance that its high and that the day trusted valuable in of store Dublin in 1888. the men the of distinction the picked work far not was all parts of the of and papers the Society scientific work Societyhad of of members also heretofore.he finds . when a man be but one. proper risk gracious peoplewho all exhibitions librarywas a Council the every good in a an for which words. a course of of the subject the department some to emulated. he experience gained by into loss or no orthodox liberal way Dental saw dental on their by of maintained. he has gone why other the that the display of museum prepared to every its Annual held minimised be by of those example be Their the librarian through define would or to upon copy ic as bear the upoii acquiredaptitude.and It must successful the to newly traditions and a members Metropolitan Branch communications lines express centre its adverted the MetropolitanBranch discussion accepted the Association welcome to he which him. be the when exist the casual the of be to distant picturesand be able work specialismin by the would single attained lend over very civilized world of he all should efficiency to breakage and precautions. as of practice. mingled feelingsof pride and honour and fear with conferred responsibility that the Annual and passedon he Dental of that field for the of and ethics. the on Hutchinson be while genius loci\ and it country. find would He Odontological Society. it for equal proportion. who would might always his of Odontological Society. that were it attracted radiated Commenting the of ample prosperous hope this established find methods the as fact would might and strong a reserve that fact a duty. which and which.and politics if it followed Association.to would remain ever the that profession. and grandparent. duplicatespecimens British of held should selected the where town shown specimens in the Kingdom. scientific life and from this their the on received its parent this their that. upon of the British Meeting be held in London. might expect Mr.116 THE to the RECORD. Touching practice of the advocate to loan on the being brought through of the produced throughout matters natural whole policyof obtaining a manner. year DENTAL of result the study In other generalstudy. a utmost interestingvaluables not a the over marvellous might hoped adopt to constant has the Association should Kingdom education the individual then reason scientific work. he standard President work good museum. the of transportation city or The Meeting. career. But felt it OdontologicalSociety.

and future to be moment most condition there of the abrogated at of the even thetics anaes- oxygen. cease at this works done.so service. it or numerous. and he believed. of into developed " facts ! natural of of evidences ic and had bromide the for were Birmingham as to the the but could be the state for maintained a facts verified of the by their by specialismthe not included of be with and very if " careful exercised be employed patients. it not repetitionin constant '* : of if necessary. fruitful and pain . some very only on lot ample new literature.would specialism. to the dealing with of training. takes every been theory solelyby explaining a Might accumulation new said Darwin his of many the ambition become if he aggregation with.and become theories " painlessextraction President theories analogy the past year taken of of that me data time students to seems to As term a earnest which these ? alleviation the be that in exact and activity editions It added be instances sequence Reviewing done. gas as had teeth his been instructive Successful express the universal any mental not to for of percentage would had cocaine. 117 RECORD. one opportunity of repealing in his matter result in his which own able fall within the of what of science. care. a went hypothesis is an practicalwork impressions they conveyed the after In place and should pity cases to interesting was of reducing patientsto possibility extreme treat in all branches an are was In progress. that it at all the was He a the under " of witnessed humiliation he mesmeric would thus of if its effects small be not question. that was the power denying earnestlythat the conclusion its and made. what allowed stronger will ? potency at power really a the patientswho a arrived had upon remained and subjects whilst the application of but hypnotic condition. would has attention more pay that experiencesand deal scope to it is obvious and these to him leads surely the way. been discussions also condition The had experiments in hypnotism interestingand debased and chieflydirected personal opinion employed the note books much subjects. that efforts had hypnotic sleep. ethyl. their While hypnotism. being mind evidence collects subjectsteadily. those were that on to convincing experiments individuals by been the greatest observation.and in of of stringentconditions most in of remarkable was which two. desired method and must reproach. he might possiblybe .THE the probably that to his of bent DENTAL subjectthan another.

that the the rather useless . believing as be only medical a more operations. canines of the roots have denture of of to attention a watch fillingsand and call " the in were hand. plate. shall strides of teeth make and efforts which inlays in antiseptics with serious most this agent while a to nothing displaysof gold well legitimate securing painless patient carrying four there incisors. So knowledge unnecessary a most caries had much and to in use of refer in . and means the progress surgery. a In the battery tooth moment of present experiments method the safest ressnrt.and had forcepsdiverts to that electricityfor required the of substitutes. scientific knowledge more to in preparationof rendered wished which A be then in the For an earlier the emphasize to extraction. recent more to as did prolonged. were passed entirelythrough was he well as doubted desired altogether dispensed with. adapted the An forceps to each referred it years depicted narrow when auxiliaryin chloroform. possibleto would ago roots Hutchinson." It made to natural Mr. been is the of circuit the enormous being was crude too the the should but be made state of the hold wire to current whereas should third a a the teeth.seemed to lastingand written dental .118 salutaryin few a in the presence that as of isolated the his faith in nitrous administered of means ether of its effects course dental could revive the of terminals the handle of the the The been had agents which he a few in cheering to consistence extensive of natural. but admit shock operations. be use extraction. de than teeth on fastened pins sun. but Chamont. of its justifiability the cases. with and RECORD. natural for healthy the teeth. Truly." were of roots as four under new had antiseptic artificial by " of power by ten fixed which indicate artistic and book a which carrying artificial condemned been teeth. portion only the attached the current only being completed the of the glass. DENTAL THE was the obtained. strongly oxide. Faradic of at of through at dernier a recognition. and pure most attempt use that extracted.of porcelain the in that the near future treating extensive of be of it teeth remarked being imitate bicuspids would on M. sparing patientsthe appealed to only to still of it supplied the skilfully prolonged which He in dental use should state full sanction the patient. was produce colour and disfigurethem by inlays of ivory. President made and the painfuloperations.they not He produced man.

the this its members by for of records dental the extreme. its it carrying Mr. that as apparentlysimple matter The unknown.and etiologyof erosion. presented a as solved be to adolescence. late expressingthe Society. the a at the bag seemed india-rubber small of and septicroots the use invite to experiments which to possible hypodermic syringe. subject. the for gas oxygen Hutchinson Mr.takes and the sensation during caries direct Little many research. Turning body. true caused pain dentine caries dental Fresh is the and was ignorance prevailed soft fibrils in such a of zone place in caries substance. the utterness the to as enamel. President Cartwright Much tube varietyof a education.DKNTAL THE detail attention to alveolar abscess indicate therapeutics. with of an tooth any was dental a organism of one's mass change about at present the at or point it be was either none. invented assert that protoplasm. and Profound could operandi of required working without in tooth alteration. was to the only to work. possessingall parts of the impotence. possible was a subjectfor being and to tion. practical . by fixing a so the made an as gas oxygen had he . field for theorize the from surgery prevalence treatment joins the true impossibleto the irritation and nerve a good ample scientific of nerve pb3''sio]og}/ was of a the on to and being afforded and as causes lesions. after the complete avoided. of There for scope the : scientific and for pride justification work. favouring a any the Abscesses quoted compressed of the to greatest value of the outlet to on ways.The nerve were prophylaxisof enquiry. but the to 119 RECORD. observa- glands strumous on explanations were in other dental by known was confession disease of remote dentine. a be treated and few a it found india-rubber slippingthe of antisepticising agent expansiblenet-covered small desired treatment easilyobtainable. relation of skin and with say formation certainty.He in now needle of in in opinion that " professionof Glancing done stimulus problems yet unknown was still far from of wide to only possible where the dentine the to function depositionor of the exact modus the growth diseases influence explaining the the soft fibril of Tomes attiibutes of that confess the Nor eruption of out.and the roots liberal education to attempt surgery from and oxygen tube gas of nozzle Turning 1856. further of sympathy certaintywhether the tooth." impoliticin the over work literary influence is the and dental separate thus might of speech a a injection question of the to to bottle.

pulp. exhibited some models. . beauty J. those were root each on little understood. 24 fuchsine. osseous ether with is next section residual prevented White. he mainly was for supernumerary a frequently overlooked evidence in in regard membership original work. finishingoff running bone put in 50 per ground The to glass. the of the gangrene the cited were of weight pathological of that of Mr. and color and There as RECORD.120 THE fillingpossessing the a should be in and as the beauty of vulcanite. the in water. and remarked and described exhibited. with down with this which for alcohol ground By spaces. W. of inflammation of dental described. is then : method new tissues. viz. thence remain ground of pumice. practitioners. England. model situations would would surgeon good some Storer upper easilyworked as professionallife. privateand of of result Mr. the in a upon and follows as collodion. and in favour teeth Smale. J. substance no of texture workroom but surgery. a and Bennett. glass and plan the in occurs method. the possessing found should topic too a Odontological Society as the which gum. a Presidential when as qualifieddental Mr. or a The The direct of apex conditions its causation origin. be controversial Hutchinson personally Mr.. causing cation communi- a The antrum. C. particles into to tooth or hours. stained collodion. which human a had amalgam. Sewill root one morbid leading to root by was septic infections.it President Charters upon days . . dental a Cases end. instructive specimens of Societyto Mr. on discuss to welcome higher diploma. of the obtained be to molar etiologyof followed in changes Morton Henry molar. showing of which the empyema conditions of day of of and only in probity empyema of seemed be to by the medical by of the read an side. Charters Mr. Sewill. suppurationround a Mr. from " The for the cent. for Mr. presented in support his views. ordinary The dental described was thin obviate to of structure powdered pumice water the to the harden communication a sectionised.the proposed higher diploma every this continuous had tooth. remained been discovered be to yet Address. is placed four or read expressed the for his of the Storey indebtedness (Hull) the communication. lastingas gold called so DENTAL White the demonstrating process advocated having been transferred three and is balsam the Mr.

obtained be were have be therefore the work. DENTAL THE get rid of any the fat that . and profession. adopted amalgam. the of fracture compound 121 RECORD.in it by a air has no The pleasure into or.then had teeth. Dr. might crown. the crown the the the be approximal that teeth that t2 had practitioners to in was frequently back run Crowns and and maintained was more lad. Arkovy. the foregoing reasons cf Arkovy and premolars crown to Buda-Pesth) effective. aged J. of and purpose. contour the for into were precisemorphological shape required segments. and retaining deteriorating startingfor stopping. which of absence had various rarely indicated very gold shaping which for contours. than have wanted. back the molars to Amalgam. the from valuable^ case the crown for these considerations for natural for To pointed to ready which strength . and as When chloroform. account thirdly. cut follows and : " to (i) selecting fitted in thin of the the requires* saw." of time. required. when The ago.) inner part hardens. being as some at right canine ends front than where fillings. contour secondly. it gold. into (2. impression.put order as had possess provided with and it amalgam articulation it cut crown. use non- a purpose.and the teeth. filling. gold for contourmg filed the premolars and cervix the added better one from first quarter the the If eight of invariable of the apart from the cab. Henri paper was lost. to of for used united by were read a introducing dental the depots.a of case the of time years the the Mr.because . part of the Arkovy directions the model. of possibility Dr. the for the teeth. while arguments of over made best but general .and jaw lower portion of central left first bicuspidwas fibrous tissue he accident. lower as made prepared tooth.and (or partialcrown). somewhat part of the to in of impossibility shelved These serviceable after made wall the lost a be might Providing. anatomicallysuitable laboratoryto molars. were The bite amalgam crown is let the under-cuts. (for Contours best doubt no a " The Gold of only.the . on " Weiss Ready writers it conditions of conceded control indication might of be the combined than suggested in favour material could be saving Dr. Time pitsor deep effect upon or the contour crowns. material in cavities of annealing amalgam Take a fractured of gold fillings proximity combinable the by jaw taking contouring want first.

finishingmay be the should three or if copper but the interspaceupon first into of to amalgam filling dropping before exclude to moisture.D. next easilykeep more used. Observations " In had drug in this in employment to disclaim or any for the a other Bromide whether of high similar there that dental his his it of remarks. si" ethyl He drug seemed was Silk wished bromide- of the each he desired might form worthy first to endeavoured had and cases. in the labio-lingual direction. the save with to work lava from hours in pumice-stone masticating would with Polish cervical part. that on preparation of amalgam eight amalgam piece lapse of four. be entire . F. Silk. dental by : Dental in and repute of entitled paper Ethyl of country suggestion impartial in to in a Continent. " especiallyin Germany. No body being order hard push filling. no fore-fingers between for through circular brush side for setting. Dr.until it attains several In the for add the edges. the be their be it very counteract should movement.122 THE The adhere. the At the Surgery. then strips. table the indiscriminate was for outset.with thefilHng being prepared times. advocacy any record as the on held been past. it is advisable tooth. crown Specialcare space five.and the dipped two and piece pressed firmly. preferably alcohol. hours upper crown the a position. that time some its systematic of use the entirelysatisfactorysubstitute an anaesthetics. it and for fissure. as polish.. unnecessary drawn place.and its proper contours. and days. Any small theapproximal its effected dissuaded be the to carefully. M. might possibl)' take a and small Fill the or the upon position. crowns taken After Patients powder. For the to amalgam remove between the it in use in crown entire on should crowns introduced tooth. amalgam quantity of it. but the keep to should surface of the contour of mercury. Dr." surgeons records no were manner. J.to in with rub DENTAL be may required be for setting. rubberdam Put ihe piece with the settingensues. but Bromide on America.and. read have of a used as partially im- equally opinion own extended more been be to his to an trial. anaes- . under-cuts. with exerted is in or be now cautiouslydrill through from furnished without or the should pressure weak too letter paper leave drop well.covering them contour Then into amalgam level of the which polisherupon a RECORD. if the rubberdam will small one surface cavity. W.

H^ Merck's results. Silk As Br) should ethylene (C. of the As keeping. dental entering minutely when chemist into Hertz and that taken be for. the first which the Irom the has been by drug two " first few the slightlyturned.thetic by him in 1865 and by Levis Dr. were led ordinary Ormsby's inhaler. Dr. responsible. DENTAL THK very inhalation the after-effects know is not where so a simply . 66-8 seconds nitrous with as of observation some means no How of the minutes. where might oxide effect Vienna work. cost. 1849.^ in the be inclined supply assurance that seem than into e^hyl chemist's of little very usually proved ample. and the average the and time with are the end of likelyto proper for the half " the be bad. males the The method of method 5 iss had sufficed. first with the poured through to 3 3 to bromide be weakly would dose c. upon but is airhole open 3 i to in used or the the from at cost alia^with instances the to anaes'.upon an . bromide preparations.H- later its years in America. of by Nunneley. the asked was Berlin. to the no of induction the duration required or seconds oxide. litiie inhalations. required. of nitrous the to ahuost in of which leading English a Variation not of was English some Merck's.without its to use forward again brought its introduction For Schneider believed subject. the the strongly partly more put the dose in administrations se\-en and fatal to Silk Dr. per tolerate children. care (C^.). variabilityis the commencement question. cases. Germany. the some . twenty-eightcases. for the bears is this exceeds and averaged upon it is sponge. and in Leeds. anaesthesia are and With down based was by the with long again as even females. semi-open method said be patient. He Being altogether is drug then fitted satisfied adopted the face The and induction 46*2 The average twenty. entirely due or of purity favoured preparation notwithstanding and did substitution the Br. of byTurnbull. Silk the the of used the number It would \###BOT_TEXT###quot;]oto would not seven of amount be to were universally might which any better drug administration. degree of The anaesthesia healthy the closed 5 i had 5 iss. advocated was properties. 123 RECORD.alter which had of drug undergoes vary. do produced you ? relation " to absolute.g.hesia the induction. than in many on face-piece cap of anaesthesia the duration Roughly. inter cases this inhaler of duration time or half anaemic inhaler the of with of robust is admitted air English preparationsof When marked. decomposition the to it undertaken..

the not much a found in the obviously due were this at all found not laid be to face-piecewhen the commencing is to of probably Silk had Dr.but heard. or might as RFXORD. action heart's frequency It however. .he be but the same pressure. and . or these casts been is much in its duration nitrite ihe becomes anaesthesia. of dental be the majorit}'of "effectsproduced when There accidental regular kind. pressure. During shallower. Silk Dr. the stertor Berlin relaxation. but spasm. . tary momen- way. this effect is very and dilatation observed in his phenomenon. tends to become upon the more periods. originating and breathing Silk had Dr. ?. effect of the drug upon the nervous system. amy]. indicatingthe rapiditywith This sphymographic which as ticularly par- the blood is. inhalation These up. that consequent The slightlyslower were primary flushing of with the guides.124 answered the upon stertor He if that or of development in the probably be the to the bronchial could of a of might. methods the that in inappreciable. laryngeal any prolonged disturbed certain a radial are is detect to be explained in might possibly doubt. rhythm. muscular reliable.." the to blood apply only cardio-vascular might similar fall of increased and T the the larity irregu- any applicable to not it and almost are remarks during though it would cough. This fall for the account heart-beat the of or produced by that as highly probable that flushing quickly for the the inhalation face itself in extent. interesting. but seemed stress some generally removed unduly delayed. thought tracings (exhibited) bore to respect the especiallyif before the effects it be etc. was In seem. I mger is. had a irritation circulatory system bromide causes of the course never as nor.. no constant pretty of his general rule. oxide nitrous changes opinion. w^as.and doubt. arterial diminution set pulse of stertor able been anaesthesia the The ethyl. of believed. pallor a slower and irregular. conjunctival insensibilitywere referred narcosis. and is of great As to the is as is restored. or liohter faintest the to weakness laryngeal palate."?. DENTAL THE succeeds feeble. no other and the factors the to in force at at pulse. the remembered inhalation of the condition of views the out that w-hole set of the his had action accelerated by immediately the nervous tracings he regarded rapidrecovery in forward put circulatorysystem.he thought. work. One he bromide on that heart's the probably unduly patient. usual importance.

but to attract cases the nitrous accompanies he few like anything phenomena did limbs. complained was certain of sickness Actual divided definite certain amount but nausea the had depression or ensued. Silk simplehysteria. be might indication movement with drug. both quite satisfactory After-effects eleven. In illness the effect and for noted in one case Dr.THE through it upon character of the stage of it had cases apply the been almost the class excitement the in which of the use drug appropriate.and obtained than fewer no of use dilate. what subject to noted developed were in never anaesthesia degree and hysteriaresulted was Silk had noise The into immediate notes for respect always prostration occurred. possibly remaining trivial and between " nine Prostration five instances. vomiting in two. transient exceedingly striking. Slight and of the other to ether. of the in and in their on remained nature of have the been recorded. had.Occasionally very slightspasm of movement observed often the Increase the in had few of the beginning either not had resulted always less Silk Dr. majorityof the robust might possiblyserve the the observation and woman. in bably pro- pupilstend narcosis. rhythmic copious as make the seemed marked suflSciently was so would use more In The say. never shorten the from been former to inhalation. remote it was she were mind. or salivary secretions instances.drowsiness. instances.and complaints and which : actual one.in was nervous It navvy.rough twenty- four In remote . this had of the (and particularly Dr.but delay or is and ether. been to In in two in three of confusion amount remote was which thirty-nineinstances. and cases. inappreciable. the By effects in forty-five. headache and the others.. patients an of the of spasm oxide much not as exhibited. etc. to seventeen the hilaration ex- estimates was in three.more transient the it might ascertain. effects. from instances. but were degree attention. to ignored Dr. and both. groaning a to or fingers. forty-five perfectlywell patientswere some Silk's printed post-cards. the was Of return not the was able to ill all doubtful immediate observations day. This equally to of 125 RECORD. a fits. from gathered that As cases a some of Of these to home. had been of the remainder day. that the of." but the of five cases. in ten intellect had in in in kind." the patient minutes. muscular almost alcoholic) DENTAL other the very relation tabulated importance and . cases the system. of for depression was or others seven many return or "fainting degrees return In fainting termed dizziness.

a risk which tried then a that would vSo that in America. he their dental operators Mr. on two could or it it was no again was abandoned three not . had With to the to the fatalities exaggerate in the surgery of aware help thinking that dental been reference ethyl. Dr. the in glad anaesthetic he confessed him to be the anaesthetists the used the throngh and copy. very the be with a to up Braine Mr. simple hysteriahad negative evidence Silk to tolerablyproportionate with were Thus after-effects. trials. however. bring to those ask would WooDHOUSE he in order would first . of he discussion hear to the present there said that Mr.while tended had symptoms bromide described. It seemed to had Braine never carefullygone him who then Paper. that had a be seen that and failing. might be nausea prolonged. developed upwards inhaled. seemed which of ethylwould risk to life was did not general feeling of but again had sent number of drug. of was serious the rather in used been it enabled after been seldom importance. it had anything had the heart bromide be later years he but latter. deaths. chloroform. own after Mr. DENTAL had he way the described. the the the a results. and say very kindly certain disappeared . experience concerned. large number with the give to commencement which was within present administered. say. wished paper. hold its much. by sickness. but it tried was Braine three not at that There Silk for in 1849 trials was been and that worth not Clover satisfied with it. done appeared forward then ago to thing. of and gas indebtedness was the drug. thought had the having fifteen some with as to Silk had of cases. Bailey was Dr. followed be RECORD. he views Silk's Dr. had never that he the far so cases death-rate and importance of had danger of the of in had. former experience of satisfied with not all that opinionthat ether.126 THE severityof the the remote immediate symptoms by anything might followed This somewhat Dr. tried One the of the bromide some years objectionsto it was . accomplish could equally great exist with new brought it and Mr. of bromide could not drug recorded when hand. Discussion The said that President satisfactorylimits. for which hours twelve hitherto of was case other sickness limited a dangers the on the or own with point he been the his as met Such which while worse.

said fortnightpreviouslyhad a Mr.gave there ethyl Mr. the chloroform. material. he in time the in heard had its of knew that general he account say Braine.was had no advantages the from the of Lancet^ he would. in " be as few used with for it who those anything be can it let it not him be used for thought a was short but dental that an of haloid the in the which. experienceof knowledge he " rate. surgery. concur Therefore using it It responsibility. Buxton given that known in induce hand other it that other danger to when would had had the of any the anaesthesia the to feeling of antagonism well short On or and made. the He reallyhe use ago of use no regard danger be to had te. that oxide. which dealing with chemical a been this in or. to 127 RECORD. nitrous over in Bailey pleasantto take. alcoholic the thought they It had not was tovvards a full the at all it. a death the could he of evidence to of bromide while After post-graduate a Silk's tabulated Dr. a that to seemed point of physiological a had who those " this decry chloroform. in think but not ethyl exhilarating. more had chlorine.^ the years seemed should were only from not shown observations he mature. the to say general the in not its bromide innumerable. in existed " contained. It would operations. Buxton nothing all to at It anaesthetic. at it of plead that excuse dissociate the he from what Dr. when he profession. counsel any Dudley Dr. agent free from be but danger . shortness amount been compounds From molecule.for for detail some general dabble to ethyl given in given not to opinion an cases.it is liable that lecture gave rapid anaesthesia. viz. anaesthesia. and of induction use In dentistry. of it bromine it. and drug Baileyproceeded said. and recorded symptoms which. to regarded bromide. a was whiffs surgery existing valuable very or after-effects. like of bromide in comment going was dentists Buxton.it was dangerous condition. DENTAL THE with form chloro- proportion thesia slight anaes- in working larger experiencethan an anaesthetic which operations. the that Mr. He of sense would the to himself could said. to Dr. in deaths result would quoting element.. but view. " And of element. would not of one employed dose the fashion safe as operationhad drug closely aUied a it shortness of before some might dental the of had place to personal had It bromine he also from but produce long without with hope in largely due case. speaking." Yes. decomposition. He did on symptoms the had surgery.

to as sickness". enough. shallower. day. of value method from anaesthetised patientwas patienthad the exactly when patientsseemed they seemed serious to as the close said Mr. from reported in not it any by produced or dental caused deaths drug ought as it necessary thought the form Barrett Ashley Mr. asked to another. in being employed. the opinion. dental said. was DENTAL of after the sickness was far interest view on . so The of substance any would presumed upon. leavingsoon probably ensued. The was breath the apparent that the because were seconds. did for believed. supported by was failure heart cases that such was RECORD. tne do its for use of drug him There gas. case any so of 188 the the the attention its that chemical the Coffin had he was Upon enthusiastic beauty of it is you that occasion extreme point and more favourable. and young of less no of opposed not were memory a 1 rapid.was never his occasion anaesthetist never that say it America of been number other experience went. which shown in if he failure W. fast. that operated a nevertheless bound the to last of after get any but attaching to Mr. called to the recovery. 60 to 50 in say patientsto periodof anaesthesia. "the still under from tell form. excitement. was anaesthetic the his he as abroad. the anaesthetist. it using it.128 THE action opinion which Silk had Dr. were under remind to under profession. in far reply. an to hysteriaor no was much very Dr. as it would effect and the impression that the take of treatment. impression to ethyl^ At drug. Mr. Mr. and the use as Mr. W. otherwise. said those It gradually than more kind certainly would his as Then much overcome. for. any and Silk considerable. the first the A. but was in his of telling when difficulty him to operations excitement flushing. unnecessary recovery without chloroform than dangerous be the advocated it had States the in closed and remember not Medical Wood Professor paper. and was symptoms. his course difficult was they the of was practicallyabandoned impressions of administered who operation. bromide. with Congress the of times Coffin's Coffin Mr. majority employed Silk operated with such not were cases be to if Dr. that Squire Dr. induce had MAGGS and the an operations. there adopted. especially Coffin of the He International the at authority than and. Coffin that members had recover necessitate H.its physiological be might some comparativelytrivial so Buxton's death that heart produced Dr. chloro- under bromide advantages.

and and reptilian human seen and all the slides for vascular . I . These bromine. sections of and tooth and section sections exostosis.of account with analogous described the simplesthaloid (C2 H6) in which ethane by of atom an simplicityof its formula. Dumfries. on Finlayson. Upon ethyl. Biggs. held Society was the of cementum and transverse .. Kay members as Physiologyand dental John O'Duffy. passed. Edinburgh. exhibiting membrane periodontal into sections . odontoblast of cat. D.long canals for specialremark. Alexander E. its in use reducing irritation for hydroxideof own usual for of the throat for asthmatic person announcements dentistry. derivative. K. which this view.and called indirectly. ordinary or ethylicalcohol. Among the saw those fish. and jaw the teeth. directly of spine of snails. vertical Mr. rostrum of Sections of jaw showing pulp. been Odonto-Chirurgical Society of Scotland.Ed. lime-lightlantern The of a of tooth fibres passingfrom Sharpey'spenetrating cementum the micro-organisms connected etc. President. of his father distinct recollection a his on carbon hydro- corresponding be called to as the having brieflyreplied. the proceedingsterminated. taken slides. bone in exhibition covered were wide a and duly Dental and was a field in highly Dental the highlyappreciatedby the illustrating sections of the lingualribbon different stages of therewith. transverse cells well of means one.Mr.: " Mr.. calcification .Ed. L.and was bromide said had ago saturated the be might hydrogen was assist in the the he had that add laryngealspasm might he the so hydroxyl replaced the hydrogen of alcohol and what being as Its formula ethylicalcohol might considerations beyond go alcohol of atom and of of atom one And an effects physiological might derivative the as 129 RECORD.in atom. Coffin would using the drug some Silk Dr. of the Watson bis and gave members valuable present. The Third Ordinary Meeting the January 8th. own and though Histology. D. Society. Pathology by from instructive and A. Mr. were . odontome pulp undergoing Bf .S. of thanks having meetings having made. W. DENTAL THE votes future " attacks.. illustrative of demonstration a perhaps those the in the balloted were negatives. in situ .S. caries.with tooth . admitted Mr. been years also and " the replaced comparisonof the If he respectively. L. pulp. shown the chair. G.

viz. antrum an one series . and of presence a rare shown. fibro Epuloid epithelialcells from slides pyogenes of in i bacteria in pus from interglobularspaces being invariablyfound . next the on various the filling leptothrix delineating the he tissue the the by Lastly.viz. odontome *^ of calcified calcification . four in tion degeneracylindrical corpuscles exhibited individual suppuration of pulp ditto repair. micrococci. sarcinococci. of Miller to interior . sections nodular RECORD. and " tubules irregularexcavations ..showing pulp cells. dirtymouth very may stringsof strepto Watson showed teeth. albicans. tubercle with these Mr. pulpitis . was Watson Mr. enlargement Transverse from pyorrhoea Beautiful in from be to " a it . bacillus. organism organisms present . so full of a of artificial Miller. slides that portion a growing of of slides dental defects fringe of leptothrixgrowing the oidium case. and the . this from were organisms shown leptothrix condition. destruction the being tubules filled with tubules caused various bacilli. cultivation suppuration. organism Various fibres nerve hypertrophiedpulp. micrococci pus recentlycalculated has billion 170 million A from dirtymouth. a contain tissue. the then present enlarged mouth the showing tubules. structural principal and and . caries.130 THE DENTAL dentine excrescence dentine osteo . spiculaepresent bacteria of bacilli and of phthisis. of horse's tooth.and much blood leptothrix threads. In connection pathology of the of the effects of caries Four organisms. streptococcus . curved section in and which so that this series.kindly given in all respects the natural to corresponds cannot be dis- Liquefied putrid pulp swarming bacteria straight bacilli. pulps (human) Degenerativeconditions of "^ pulp chronic the with vessel of pulp. . the in bony organism . and micrococci. exhibited Professor caries. to the * "ith by natural Blood vessels section in slides. calcareous pulp hyperaemia . . and the peptonisationof advancing organisms..granular enamel of carious dentine exhibited with he mentioned organism external the layers of carious illustrative of as the across by tubules mentioned the varicosities. acute of magnified. . dentine osteo . cultures Professor Proceeding highly of thrush. . rather also was organisms. pulpitis .connective * of dentine .and with coveted tongue organisms separated slides of shown well pulpitisvery acute with plastic tumour. enlarged blood tissue. caries.

Piatt. 114). who of the of the see paper. in G. the 181 RECORD.DENTAL THE tinguished from Miller had Professor of the artificial caries in difference Underwood as the one not associated always scientific manner. Sowerbeyi.which most the on following communication. and it for his commentary. Mr. It was. while that be alkaline. He valuable make Mr.submitted rubber The dam in place when device consisted of a the small of a Mr.who clever little device use tube of the with clamp a bead for was retainingthe was head inexpedient. in in the extinct Watson's esting inter- speciesalso. said he dentine. illustrated the and his efforts. upon. deep and that had had of of the demarcation would he not M. attended the Milles in in them patientresearches. Wilson Mr. been sharply defined. and congratulatedhim the pointed out since caries. behalf on unavoidablyabsent. caries is sincere vote a some Biggs.Mr. Tomes between granular layer came February. John behalf of Mr. between The being paper whale S. W. was page agreed with layer. On (At the Mr. The cementum was he but Watson. methods employed by with acid an Wilson Mr. considering modified as what as the it and it and vaso- to express the normal probably found was found be very opinion had an structure same he ordinary micro-photographswere ventured originals. and i2 a pin . Secretaryread by A. The President and for him to fortunate Mr. putrefactive the upon of interestinga so of years the conclusion Wilson success took the to be dentine. described probably a portion line the of the C. thanks form Watson Mr. artificial. and moved. alluded cementum. seen head 2th 1 unavoidablyabsent. however. of Stirling. had present.and the have not would most said he was in The to. seconded been have must production Messrs. of observations absence) towards Mr. to the result what Amoore The Fourth Ordinary Meeting President. large drawing a anomalous good. to placing before for of Mr. nature a thought much so of the (in paper. Mr. pleasedto He too abstruse therefore contributed understanding his communication. the and true ferment. and was Watson for better a hear Mr. any Wilson Watson's thanked paper.as held was the chair. Macleod. found degenerationthe products are in result likelyto mentioned experimentsfor very a in his about gone Watson Mr.

extensive 20 there with The of said be him for round molar gold foil. the unseen indebted were their before had he of little device. material jewellers' embroidery beads. Canine. hitherto his from showed Macleod the the of size. President masticating and The Piatt. by for the The notice. Mr. of Stirling. Wales. of match to osseous collection own meeting performed Cottrell's flint edge | to about pin E. the alloy.S. tubing and molar presented a grooved pressure in for on to jaw the he of which root tube name cusps football during obliquely fractured the inner the which from The pin. also a filled cut to the are Satchell. bead a teeth from an DENTAL THE with an bv Dr. cavity filled they conversational a of ^ shops. owing President whom a had matter to which would wisdom interest tooth was buccal with filled with cavity with Wolrab's play. suppressed canine. small ordinarywhite Mr. and of Mr. horizontal The his from It is silk twist. capital specimen a molar. and in it. second brought being extracted molar. The second bicuspid. third and second presented. was He. communicated fill it up.crown the incisor had feared dearth a lower he thought right with large crucial firstmolar had a large filled masticating surface cavity labial cavities crown filled with Stainer's surface. N. still further were brought being that said ingenious they a about long a direction. the in different made lengths from in had be can from of two adjusted walls four than freedom ordinary small an as the been necks lingualside. __and lingual gold.filled fitted of jaw surface a bicuspid.The Mr. W. cases might second gold cylinders.in also Macleod lengths of the to and clamp. traversing was a series of on other No. First Richter's the badly decayed. third appearance indebted passed it and similarly. the This restingthe jaw during toilet for the head used beads in and " obstruction.two was he inspection. varying requirements of suit the to leaves situations some pins are the has entirelyfree patient more operation. The keeps crown or and cases. The of in rubber from tube the passed between after the " operated upon easilyapplied more is tube the slid into RECORD securelyin place and the rubber the side buccal the is then pin The head. to absorption.132 with also the tooth be to the allows and inch. Ash's inlay. diameter same The suit. Sydney. upper from which Mr. artificial .brought them. union of with molar an right upper had wall right been lateral.The buccal to interest a operations. therefore. largecrucial cavity in plastic R.which fissures in central Macleod.

following gentlemen the Society: H. These with pride. held Meeting. read were of the S. been attendance rose a Society has the meetings great signs of 40. and H. proceeded since Hospital. attendance the reached the the hour There of 1890. Matheson. H. W.trimming it. C. second gold backs. Baker. . presenting you In " of progress one appointedscrutators were and years' office-bearers. H. W. H. occasion voting was with the further : " 49 has also Society in to 60. President. T. next Secretarythen Report. wax. has is modelled gum nishing bur- cavity. the to G. largely increased new has Annual step in that if not satisfaction.DENTAL THE crown Buttner's on similarlywith mesio- piece of The in pink General of the The H. G. G. Messrs.treated bicuspid. First molar. J. H. H. W. and read the followingReport Council which it may look back on numerical the the The past year. constructed crown is filled with third Annual gold a the burnishing then and cement. the cavity with filling The left. Messrs. Price.m. that The chair. and Dental Fountain. A. H. Wilton. Tremby. 133 RECORD. 1891. Messrs. meeting may be has been partlyaccounted altered from for 7 p. elected members shown exceeded the past .and the gold plate over sheet molar second gold. of the for ballot The minutes the H. Clarence. Morgan. Lloyd Williams H. and contoured buccal a firstand The system. the in Society: Council's been January 19th. and on figureshave one not previousyear. The " filling. London Students' Mr. large filling. T. elected for and balloted were members Harrison. attendance of the record to have present the Council from Twenty-eighth their characterised has during The happy are which The the Report. the on showing gold filling produced by position. R. previousMeeting of out down. Gentlemen. Ranken Hull. at the average number in any increased of strength beginning improvement.m. and the W. and membership Danolds. Stevens. by to the fact 8 p. were Simmonds. your career May with. H.The confirmed. " and book obHgation Barnes. F. H. of J. Northcroft. following gentlemen signed admitted pieceof one white Monday. Leonard gold Flagg's Foster Society.

in the now which Segg Messrs. their the by past strengthen to as complied with. future and binding. year due are and care the for thanks your heard have Society'sPrize Woolf. Dental expenditure of made the was time same the a had collected.and Mr. The the read papers the at have meetings in high reputation gained such been the literary merit comprehensiveness. Camps. In cover..been 1889 to trouble being them. compiled for the with the so date to as volumes on the facilitate in your library. of the editors published be to be this to for made Mr. regard lending books to possessionof to access formed has the the from librarian book-case may and be obtained.134 THE This has arrangement DENTAL RECORD. had now trial year's a and has proved a success. of the who Society. has addition been to the arranged value for in of the the Societyas form an of clinical educational meetings. services hitherto. to and examining in the desire a awarded Woodhouse in expended transactions of your value has .'s " with made the transactions. have through been are whom with alone your Co. practical utilityand those appreciatedby The and Williams for the The increased Dental in their has Journals and organs. Messrs. the missing numbers been have been keys have the At been several of number this issue of your regards the of your of printing of now for the by the been binding agreement appreciation of System in past years accumulated Society. Dental among Surgery. A welcome medium.and to The Council's to unwillingness fetter the Council wish services in the publishersof the Dental which the Societyfree leaves The libraryhas others being the past President . future. make their record to " regretfullyobliged been immediate action future have Segg seek Society'stransactions. would Council your the a year. as have cause of the enriched American for any Record been a elsewhere Arrangements past. giftsof books. led to for have arrangements eyes reports been Lloyd the papers. supplied item considerable Fresh large whole the and rules in the have the library. who Co. the past year During to forego the publishers of Messrs. given by which Journals This bound. your numbered and an will transactions and index arranged will be be issued in volumes. to .

this year nearly "2 having the must follows as before of last year.^20 8s.. 5d. opinion of The first of all decided success. The total expenditure of working leaves the receipts during 1890 to "1 . collecting subscriptions.^2i i8s." star : " yet the point of in balance the accounts somewhat the to an well augurs a form now large such a practicallybe may item of collection of heavy.."c. forth put the Societya of Truth.. over I regret having to point the honorary subscriptions. of binding which account report society. W. of the treasurer. May. his read hope member white in the by them to the in Gentlemen. a methods new DENTAL the being past year out a marked less by for received amount "6 over in the decrease members honorary than that of number in subscribed 1889. The topics. prosperityof expenses to of individual society. during the have Journals. library.for though our that number continued The of exceed not report pleasureI bring great financial frequent Report. increase clinics notes its for informal and of practicalexhibition the for are these its past at presence step a Council Societyby and was 135 RECORD. our find is to which ordinarysubscriptions. shews deducted 6d. been paid for This annual the you one tion addi- valuable considered to the past years. in members. would personal effort if the higher in the Council in " the Mr. this being of amount amount . These month. and It is with the then their by decrease each high Treasurer's The taken both Meeting Annual pursuit of interest venture a Societythat next and specimens sent result not the impress on the by interesting on month last evidenced your may held was as and conclusion numbers discussion great pleasure the with meetings In museum.. during the Hospital. Treasurer President hand does increase condition in the for the to extend been Dental current of your that the force. my for his great unavoidable . which 5d. "1^ to a deficit in the year's last year'sbalance the hands from now on the and los. I wish kindness absence to in from express my hearty thanks to Mr.TtiK be held once of treatment. i8s.

Harrison from presented a the central removed it developingpermanent to a attack bad W. Balding presented left wisdom upper Mr. exhibited prolonged retention two models of which temporary the illustrated molars was a fact frequent irregularity. which over two teeth. called permanent being. was in which case a defective. Parris showed of taking impressions which he had adapted exhibited models This done was tooth before which would had to roots for hold the the by packing the making bear models amalgam The model. presumably. in cast result impression of was metal a than better of the amalgam. Mr. Mr. that the of cause Mr. Mr. a Haxkev described and centrals the injury to an presented an the count to casual votes. for. then showed of the retired having were RECORD. Wm. supernumerary upper of large sequestrum tooth. central This regionThe which bone contained necrosis within a was he sequel measles. which He a had mummified been remarked sent that . precedingtemporary upper the widely two divergent roots. devised had he work crown important an which special tray a articulator an One made. the very with bicuspid tooth cause teeth. Mr. copper the into for the the tooth ordinary plastermodel.136 DENTAL THE The Scrutators communications Mr. a of May Hern cats' head. had a showing model a few months presented to he had ago the obtained for purposes Museum Society's from of those manure. Breeze enamel two model. much manipulation when tooth also .

Mr. Librarian. Mr. Mr. to up three the proceeded slowly during specimen difference there the small note 137 RECORD. fulcrum.) thought they regulatingtwo arranged silk in teeth He angle. as Lloyd E. Mr. several to specialreason some of notice by as regard rather possible. there back paper study carefully. . DENTAL successfullyby this method. Goddard Coysh should Council. or thought Baldwin a paper knife. Treasurer. only in the often be In remedied pieceof pressingout of cases of the upper was underhung restingit on teeth. and bite were often . Preedy and Curator Society). Dolamore. Mr. Danolds. . Coysh was central on methods.growth being only by instructingthe flat wood. Mr. . T. the Secretaries. " the for that announced recommended were office-bearers and the since years the head that suggested then President whom all of thousand have must glasscase. the placein union part. performed the excellency of the on series a for his paper of treatment. the (for Harsant H. of Irregularities an kept be ward. Hay slower ensuing May W.he way. He took the After Coysh. President. had the by Vice-Presidents. if was by complimenting With had favour not had He Surgery. " H. on and the various on the called the Teeth was paper Dental : (for the Holford Coysh President The great year W. excellent discussion plates exhibited. of as took slightthickening patientto teeth underhung stated place of the deformitycould a use as new believe that not of the teeth. . Mr. Gabelle (Junior)Messrs.THE it interestingto was and specimen shown. (Senior). The and Hall elected been E.the lower the that one symphysis. students any do would well to appreciablegrowth by Mr. ligatureof paper. Gask. W. methods the by Coysh treatment. . Mr. Council then showing The President opened the wires wrong did not He did of means This models of and plates of means the m treated a that the in case the teeth which a coiled which being of block of paper met at too and wood of Tomes' latest edition very of twisting by than mention any been torsion immediate central described had Mr. Breeze." their illustrated T. was four or the between was Evolution date. cats' head a beneath Williams Council). an his Mr. fore part. a The He living. on (See page 97. following gentlemen.Mr. the front front the Cases did a jaw. unless appear. S. Messrs. AUin. Clarence.

omitting was regulatingteeth. in let into be inclined of others. He as the sound considered regulationcase. Mr. DENTAL was forceps. answered After a india use the of method excellent of its work. Mr.it mentioned for eulogisticterms subject. continued the considered had that Gardner difference remarked between interest in the and case had pushing out teeth Blaine said Mr.. etc. important dealt have to obtaining possible to regulate without was Hern It failure the of importance hickory pegs regulation. to vote permeated gradually moved. force To spoke of the notes situated cases causes patienttake the inefficient very inside with. as at generally treatment teeth return the on success Breeze Mr. not Mr. RiLOT one of aid to of the it an thought He of larities irregu- into moved w^ere their to for meeting for gradually. do. very in his paper. help one greatlypreferableto an the very treatment. a as pegs had peg could an to opinion graduallyexpand was desirable was used would This of much early age. extra than white stripsof shops. of each not available a arch. the matter the treatment and accurate which were he had seen of the that adopted. Mr. RECORD. moving the and moisture moving the as plate the great principle underlying the proper that the long rubber india advantage half-hour.and skull and given by ScHELLiNG Mr. where greater tendency patients'iatelligenthelp that prolong the teeth on pressure he force. taken.and place originalposition Wm.138 THE treated by minimum the below of chin means spoke mechanical the Mr. bands red Where less..using of expansivepower no at caps Coysh positiontill the they wood. power. in favour compressed hickory wood teeth. of the exhaustiveness shown judgment the plan method ^. emphasis had as irregularity. Harsant could in be not did had teeth. for the and a plates. mind (Mr. done as planes as means themselves. fact to had bought be the discussion.if.. Rilot's) means as an exemplifiedvery clearly which enough Coysh in the all made often our operator. and thought when that in found was nationality Mr. tractive such rubber. his the of dental well employed. most Mr. time laid was means the this the on plates. of the than showing by Preedy use He quicklythey if of decided been than better of fit the to as so could as plate Blocks teeth. together of taking full of with in treatment a series of . as they the asked not approve it found that rubber had and the it had to was time.

he had which teeth and He in care with used solderinga labial surfaces of the small adjoining that the coils of the placed in in to that argument that tongue. that coil which The regulationof the jaw place. exceedingly an would record a given a nearly a passivebody brought was in and pegs in to do employ to students.he to malignant diseases to have contracted a been us of manner the wedge. and thus . jaw in moved tightened in turned was which case he rather size the Baldwin than in forward the seemed teeth.or it As should such grain pretty device thought cases reminded to considerable tightly screwed in of positionafter regulating. an Mr. and did the not the grow incisors Mr.viz. one in adult in which it the to canine in teeth should life men therefore and treatment boys' in positions. CoYSH in compressingthe for this. among practise. most valuable be also but case. Mr. the remove thus wires inaccessible deciding what best was an arch. which was for the too the counted be on. front.THE good for one to and use of wooden use it the lower close exerted the front upper of of made for vice the that soft the few a moved a of thin collar bar cross to platinum impinge teeth. This was advantage. lower the that a In had he wedges method what In advantageously. and be necessary emphasized struck well) could by use regard confusion some therefore parallelgrained purpose objectto was should In intrnisic force into plate drive the teeth. advantage well hours. one of that reply said. in other regulated.. be a in influence prognathous preferenceto of be to a They the parallelto lingealor platesshown type of face should inserted plate Williams Lloyd be the on with away should spoke the on been thus force (common had advice necessityof retainingteeth for wood which lingual surfaces on. some answered The found intrinsic force no peg front teeth Lending to amount It the jaw. but a up retainingplate altogetherand members of the be pine-wood patientsin regard to tooth. successive students teaching not as the showing models 1S9 RECORD DENTAL liable were was as tongue well not had free movement. firmly fixed. but by direction necessary quoted the springs by this It to was be true thickening took means. several The H. constructed so however wedges wooden existed muscles be the to counted plate.the the on be the the inclined up pegs could and cleansingtheir plates. did of the adopt.Such to only what (orce stages in the treatment. fitting the had teeth.

Rilot that which plan. the tooth the into drilled be the in holes driUing to as Baldwin Mr. freelycommunicate the traditions with Deal to to take and things in fellow-students a . our with ranks. January 26th. unable that convey even that of Colyer'sremarks subjects of to taught Preedy the was. canines. carried the extent to would tongue their and A who After had would President as I that held delivered I " this thanks are the which presidingover from many I have had To shown of the of becoming the evidence possible . with should up the upon had Monday. better the To make unwavering and point to here saying papers of you on He of the a communications. history of treatment our he more nothing the on to afterwards. words. he paper were misunderstood had what : collars several plans mentioned.. force question accorded the on complete to-night my vacate The of forward brought be Gentlemen. were the us he under come teeth. the for room gave RECORD. in order you prevalent here. and to series the Clinical of 8 p. notes were reminded Mr.and whose you you only just joined this Society. As useful. thought. but he collars said had regulationby forceps was paper useful more been to he on very teeth on that his had front applied certainlyintended Hern. a your or two the President. constant those be not room Coysh the as one for me. not am chair due giving He successes. valedictoryaddress. effective with agreed twisting elastics as Mr. and up work usages of speech.m.140 him they might other his of length For methods. to casual to meetings. for your I friendship Mr. and followingvaledictoryaddress. then was announcing Meetings that said had the and so teeth. of thanks gentlemen found fitted the the head of permanence vote than important. the I pleasure instruction the and for the acquainted with courtesy in received have opportunities of many sincere found have I but I cannot My consideration discussions. of of office year to those best of demerits teeth Mr. and practical who I would of you that for value.I have at presence about are I would have scientific found value to you make to say meetings our of the urge who elsewhere. DENTAL THE : and a leave take of old importance would members of what as goes point of regularattendance. at for the you have you ease opened second going without to and best. interesting themselves. spirit. the Mr. result had to owing describe to failures our giving pain.

is to solely. Other points anything anything requiring dissolution in water.THE DENTAL 141 RECORD. Hern then proposed retiringofficers for This live to so be not the Mr. February qth. exposed pulp should with out operations. Dr. refuse practicewhich of their services seconded was of thanks vote a Dolamore Mr.at your establishing dentistryin unchallenged positionamong an " may life . Dr. by President and Society. Cunningham's class subject Dental Therapeuticsas his taking as Treatment " on terminated. DENTAL visit to announced Monday. In the last of sensitive cavities devitalizingof pulps." would meeting next would Balding The be read held a proceedingsthen his During Materia Medica and Surgery.or by boroglyceride. They absorb to Dental Operative to carried had opinion of February 13th. on coagulatorsand as Professor Harlan. touched of upon were the treatment the vapourized oil). destroy- bland non- an as oil. especiallywhen A freshly diluted wdth water. ." it was pointed out regard to not some necessarityescharotic. operation the lecturer and introduces (by a stream the fillingof into the canal . on paper J^ntal NATIONAL he which after briefly replied. relyupon coagulators. the to the to carried and with acclamation. England.although With the quantityis too small to that " an substance but like irritatingagent (whereas Nature's it should be carbolic method protected from acid." Alluding Dead COLLEGE. " Dentistry. Therapeutics to of ja^hxa.methods practitioners and come to what in you knowledge your lies events. roots. facts. rejecting coagulatingdisinfectant. The and oils of with non-coagulators that ethereal the store are they oxygen up non- turpentine. when Teeth. do narrow that practiseas and to Hve professions. lecturer most were A.lectured regard of to the albumen.and are in the W. The that President the Mr.etc of are . experiments he drugs valuable coagulators. then of them be not which they are treated destroys repairwithout infection are by a its ing). may positionthat the liberal it to selfish a wanting in the ought hold of work all share.discoveries. oils action the useful use as of as to the of Chicago College of expressed in as the related dental they tend cleansing agents. bleachingand disinfecting evolvingperoxide agents by slowl}^ hydrogen.

a solution of which and gutta percha. lateral upper This Society. Woodruff. micro-organisms The Dental Ackery. Messrs. the (aet. Monday. non-cohesive the manner the Examination At Dr. the close At asked and of a Demonstration Messrs. that the as students work. Hospital. (4) 22). The and replied to. possessing in questions demonstrations a portionof as as to diagnosisand probabilities by discussing such considerablyassisted conclusion various up students. specimens showing shown. and cases : were (i) Case " of absence its axis. Ackery. of them THE oil of eucalyptolor percha. seven which the appreciativeaudiences. the was of a duration being very above of upper Case of doubtful. London principalattractions given by several of thanks vote a January 26th. of teeth. with Both addition extremely and molars dam. the meeting adjourned discussion livelyand interesting and the only. . Woodruff lower of the rubber Mr. Anatomy. the presence the in the 18 and various the Various of an the in to item on young of useful an Microscopes some we of in plaster investments Case (2) aid with attended demonstrated patientaged teeth. each cajepiit. in pushed solvent a and a of cone packed solidly home. without were included being fillingan the as instruments. principal of upper laterals and central incisor (in a growth in the upper growth being six (3) Case canines. amongst the Harlan. where the various demonstrations Hern. microscopicspecimens form are the these the to lucid exhibit cases above attractinglarge and directions. the absence jaws only important Dental to immediate. Ladmore were also of known Mr. prominent part. child jaw of 8) twisted of a utilityof showing (3) and treatment.142 DENTAL RECORD. congenital the as number. dry is then pumped is unheated. of irregularity man such cases noticed of fluctuation years. to Society held method above. and (4)opened it is in their of the operatingtheatre. Students' On interestinglecture very cases had which Colyer taking a been to ensued shown. extremely an demonstrations gold Watts making is specimens the both on its Second former operators'efforts teeth in found devoted congenital the The effects of of mode the were exhibited. being of gutta Finally up. apparent. in all In passed this occasion on (putridpulp) by the latter two success the questions were Evening.

as placing everything to bromide after as brook Mr. '^goes gas thought the Silk's The *' ^^ " able in when bromide now not cases. as Nunneley's who IN busy experimenting such not LONDON: ETHYL everyone 143 RECORD. paper. was test doubt some of less untoward or It is curious gas. '^ under results it must of their spoke were there them its own. pleased 2. as the large some learn interestingyoung followed that of the PRACTICE. to with among strong very symptoms ones. that of open to substance.THE THE DENTAL OF Probably still given the at last state a in that the rather a The ** was under. we anaesthetic introduced to is meeting will. practical address. BROMIDE are DENTAL advanced by Dr. bromide at Silk be experience anaesthetic cocaine. and up. The late to was oust vaticination who them has spoke had on tried not practice. Dudley physiologically dentistry against that Odontological Society Membership as be must Buxton.spoke strongly against urged was anaesthetic is in employment objections usually in operating nitrous of for later the the another of much inas- behind anaesthetists several bered remem- chloroform how his but eJse. Among his excellent the many and points which Mr. MAR.as it its patients upon Odontological for him. experts dentists. English number of Silk Dr. RECORD. the Dr. although ethyl with on showed did dichloride ethidene ground. stranger. use. struck familiar had his However. a Dental Blue Ribbon. The this its as find not patient and old our oxide and oxygen. holds who more better a The appendix hardly were adopted who and ether. DENTAL imagine. case that anaesthetics." friend other at gases Clover gas and fallen time one of its use. ever.' like but ethyl. Hutchinson was that made the in letters ." the the were adoption method sickness. 1891. the action in dental if and of chloroform. seemed the crop Tennyson's Dr. cases our Society the encourage of these surgeons satisfactory.

S. to Crapper held the office of Mayor of Hanley.S. of the obtained. the promotion of the well-beingof the town Crapper was Mr.S. SUGDEN JOHN Wk have to CRAPPER.I. it may human votaries. Hanley. at his residence.O. In connection with the Mr. In Mr. appreciated by directors and shareholders. America. in the stand difficulties in the way DKNTAL one to system of intellect of cramping but the mature. the in the be " the President. and by his keen counsels and of the profession. chill and be the by one lightly in by sketched sparse fellowship granted honoris a men lines with would gods the Olympus.of Hanley. and the took dentistry. was a Mr. D. eager in merged the needs fruit be is boys of years of judged by the and rank and the slopes teem highly qualified.S. known and esteemed Pennsylvania College.Broad Crapper the while professionhas lost an active and representativemember. Crapper was widely the as a dentist. The nor its can yearns grow^th. Parnassian the patient depress in the from competitive examination. his his deep interest in everyat all meetings showed thing with the connected business Company. crowd. 20th. and after subsequently (1882) he crossed the D. first. OBITUARY.. examination.R.. tested by the labour of dental become higher qualification more crop its ordered. make must insight into the wants his loss deeply to be regretted- much Crapper was attendance regular .144 THE M. Penn. advanced RECORD. plan on Olympus though then if the quite world dental of world way. alike in loses citizen deeds and active a good prominent in Hanley of his adoption.D.R. to should F. the founder Dental took on Manufacturing Company. In appointeda borough magistrate. born in Halifax. the deep regret death of John active director of the and Sugden Crapper. studying by Mr. with the practical are really good a " equivalent an as There science.S. and public of reward of cleverness the and exist present causa composed to apt to at as would then members. useful few time been papers upon contributed by professionalsubjectshave Mr. Dental Manufacturing Company.D. which February place Street.but Irish license in the Atlantic. Crapper to current from dental literature. with announce L.D. be of But a grades two were file of the membership aspirants.his practiceextending far outside mere localityin in he which In 1875 1876 he Not time worked.

your substantial this advantages yours.C. for you " Societyis of striplingin a time in that say only oldest.of which. at best work not its cradle . London might pointout with such a as Society free interchange of Dental Hospital. My deemed first words of worthy me honour the enhanced the fact that this the if not Surgery is but to it will proportions. Lloyd-Williams. rigittal Cnmmuntrattnna PRESIDENT'S E. L. They Societyhas this good other connected inheritance your you. rocked was it as recognitionof attempt has your little feelingsof gratefulness Students' Society. professionhave once which youthfulenthusiasm. world. to the doing of up Hospital.S..not to chair of presidential keenly appreciate is not a I which " thanks of the occupying Society. 1891.and a yet were building here an many to-day are kindled been by gone advantages I would end as briefly not our few a flame which Their work has is at to claim which you regard you with are here held some grateful out while of the Societyas this. 4.C.D. in sturdier inspiration.R. Gentlemen.and by those be must importance in it presents before the a medium Students' which one connection for the Society. the Perhaps the I.P. but died If then to Many literaryand with them much have may of London. we justlyproud. who paths for left to been been men oldest.. APRIL 1st. By INAUGURAL ADDRESS. first consideration paramount is that Delivered XI. I would have mood. been out. to the occasion full of hands by the in this " privilegeof salient are all being to so of * years I may of such " a on the but Dental feed. M.R.S. VOL. No. so your but consideration your place before productiveof I most I trust. The dental Vol. as as and to venture Societyof the this you Dental attained undoubtedly has.* L. K .RECORD. XI. have with back the Hospitalof of to look having of the one in the but it shall when be able its kind the scientific world infancy when of days in this country come. membership in no uncertain And " with yet I clumsy.

the under regret the has surface accuratelyin dealing with there II.and to as trulyeducational more than the weigh often are happily at science. when value tolerate. who And tolerant.and such cultivating the the fact everyday that well the that foster the may have we what staff a of when having of the able are you lightof experience. this we lose not this.where the have should graceful expression of professionalpoint secondary importance. the by seeking of good opinion on not also of and broad. experience. is of afTord of I quite to lose .true of things practicalscience any old it.146 THR in the there And optmon. secrets professional many an only not " opinions referred rejoicesin making light. it could all " cabinet universal. varietyof opinion have such varietyof opinion . In days to of this grant you with more reason members forms compared dealt matters will do you the teacher's one breadth upon appear of competent.that prominent gift of from a in such a it is well Society as feature. humble would he as with secret no The dentist's a common itself ways. that surgeons. be and this opportunitiesas a being and known claim esoteric sense no studentship. It value our spiritof it in daily work our unavoidable distinct the be Hospital. . appreciative. avail to into seeks it surelyrejoicein may ready is Society affords. by others.and listeners whilst Society. that a to ever interchange often But troubles. we so. practicemust a crop subjectof complaint a fellows. dentistry is cosmopolitan it has .are few are listen for and actuallyto RECORD. to.but to of others.where necessarilyperplex the special practice of " A however at this the disadvantage is reallyof individual in up is none. true In end. of study " which days the receptacleof service the dark no charlatan specialtyis in this way the " which matters inestimable value. practicaldetails to weigh have no than of and sight of.and yet we ideas.it them. our of only benefiting from advance to the be can ourselves not experienceof others. you own taught will more ways it that upon educational being good of into sink varying Depend be element conditions were and to seems rapidly come of pointed been benefit you of who lasting to of be must whatever and must their habit so value. but listeningto The was cram methods no good departments wherever systems. for benefit out as of seventeen there perplexitymay as insignificance. DENTAL point which is another is. you clear and it is a of point that cannot debate opportunity view. But with free student.

something purposes the probably lies giftedspeaker he a it is : be of distinct value apathetic. A journal. prove members. and you universal lecturer than you enter. evolve to Congress held if that be. never few a particularcritic advocate salient more circles which English speechesof the will not not the lecturers in the you average the remark means would papers read here. this reproach from may coming and with Now our not - up scope for the ample hope er-er- to hear we subject.I debate. in were the on the is err man English an of the most in ago unknown almost was in the of open should years of discussion speakersto appointment of special itself would you ." are certainly as the of the dental fluent to profession. the wipe out.and you. nay lecturer of of statement may " complaints is student the for the sake adorned to be necessarily not conceit only panders to legitimateway clear and a or us personally collectively. regard it as affecting we clear and a 147 RECORD.and during to to habit the Societyyou this promoting the to lies to In of power look you English forgiveness. side of the He forgive divine. all be be Were something correspondent writing opportunityof cultivatingthe if I The of lectures. cannot this defect that " wound attending his influences of the water. Medical conspicuous.simply because lot may your who words. our country. of encouragement the brought even this yourselvesot regular reap we future speaking.by the In for of complained especially meetings exercise very good speaking. avail the far as have more it . and " of the words visitors. when a account. which his all be must speak matter in You value.and in all that be slow of would only pointsof the the up more body ot you paper on find would you. .whether To be with in every that impressivespeaker is giftwhich a concise sense professional here . session I trust you might suggest a having the more in do the this way more discussion will teaching regret generalinterest to medical to "to that virtue speakers. K 2 of but of . of we midst.sightof. DENTAL THK open the advantage before lines.especially it to in now occasion. having cultivated be able to turn America.for one's be cultivated giftto a comparative failure the even is unable may use of words. he this frequent human. No. you I " remember must we to those the able be himselfin of International the At views sleeps upon would whatever But gist of interest him to is of inestimable all be teachers others.said medical other reallyuseful falteringtones rather were of the listen if you the giftof publicspeaking.

even quite so heavy. one. Another stimulus a about speciesof busy easy it is to go How man. he that surgeon reacts cannot has A is because this And our we there it is because " If in truth and " ! individual. might rich are recording facts less chance vexed scientific subjectswhich this of all have several that something way. in I will Society lighthas by I the good this direction creeping committee habit year than disease that I the Much and descriptions. things which only acts ought he be to respect the is dental of the services practical time is occupiedwith be can the great value early life of being whilst at I wakefulness.'' of this largely have as you from questions. earnest RECORD. the spiritof the I.148 THE III.when workers. professional the of the in . your we busy the yourselves and to miss scientific observation. a sore a through accommodation upon of which of out are mental our use is often inertia which the life. with much eyes open hospital. I and of know enquiry. will intellectual to at good steady dentists your year members. The a acquiring students his earnestlyas and investigation. A foster the fact of many. which student. and of dental advance such been has same temptationeven literature boast is world a lack upon dental much trouble to and coming.and of which thrown what has in a attempted work or to with There much are like to spiritof see taken in by be taken a Out phases up of in this Society. DENTAL only interest. not been coming fast. for deal of means think that. which up in more of the to it disposingof shall of by being upon enquiry. should of students. and the laziness by liable for the in of important to becomes societysuch a careful observaU'on to brought are fact that is the large proportion very of great advantage. mention One very the true two is the .of keeping agency encourage you been no observation cultivatinga general spiritof scientific work substantial lazyto too field will be the impress pleased to am host seeing a are of the that though accurate and work. might of be interest value of such individual error into prominence. I trust I would a demand a causes to that too about then science. simply member. large measure personal craze of of advantage by in upon done different collective work depends habit what for the services purses calculated collective " limited been honour upon termed been more attaches late is not we we others think more the the have of has not professionalbody observers. but prove There life and focus. and incompetence and should yours exists which misery non-success mental as every recording of scientificfacts.

have to never fair to is. call attention to I scientific in that of the a Most . the scientific enthusiasm is its value. be do sincerely to make quoted might upon. much do relative is the taken see faces. and " It the words touched good I wish would workers. Another opinion would fallacies. Scientific fact is relief of the before. incentive But the observation its has own the last brotherhood. more way no and systematically nothing prove the whether laziness than it out work we purpose out of know of intellectual habit a I basis. own " aroused take to than more of habit the expended. root 149 RECORD. }ou a have times in your pure. and clear to always capable of demonstration. yet is to worker advantage either means This and all. DENTAL is one it is that here cementing professional you should not ." analogy between an as interest. but success honest good I would matter point just happy. repay extraction mouths. true a find ignore accept the temporary to the many we to prone suit the trouble the take has dispelsuch to and arise because at students' expressedin all very are provided they " particulardeduction calculated We truth. both which work " IV. of reveal scarcelyfail itself would the advantages methods I feel sure. current many to of results the filling pulp canals. our beneficial very bicuspidsfor or operation. experiment would. benefit Societywould the embodying report. have question involving a variety investigators.THE perennialquestion of from the perusal careful a Actual while the work effect upon crowded well of the A varying periods atmosphere of of I sometimes which doubt of in dailypracticeoften perplexities such elementary an of others deductions have in hand " than rather up particularsubjectand a thoroughly.perhaps. cultivated. as alreadyreferred of fostering social And well the to known you sense particular indeed be Society offers you work the emotional in this truth commonly rather lost. own belong. far different from you what you thousand a a at applied with To be loved nature. various the experimentson accurate of of think I fillings. and is to see as for the sake to of those which this is a profession stimulus work of the cohesion^and which " such to itself.would the after molars series of models large a that and investigation. known try and should Even the results exertion the previously.not loved 'Tis better to have Than intellectual sides of one's and this all " was reward.

your your nature desire social . and and desire every do profession . your in especially that hospitallife. amelioration to it it has .and And I of be likelyto point are we another. has honour taken it out it entrusted of has on the the hands the of kindly influence " forgetthe future social cohesion you best to the is in has cultivate its promptings development. corps. themselves to that v

hether immense for fought valiantly The work which call we social incompetent of bond common position term. seeing that for given honour. Let for exercise its best and of urge the and truest . for the soon DENTAL in element warmly days.which way. but most which opinion this of the " on a Society. of life. hospital. never it done the broad duties dentist's better a ask. and have for your " bound patients. of carefuliv educated care the already ? of trade basis both faithfulness. is this miry depths the It is to this of dentistryfrom together by with spirit a but with catches legitimatebranch a it to in you serious the for to social cultivate connection student may rescued the established and someone as raised it from the for want ask.if " venture may say clinical *' our brought together under If I good.what place of A self control and energy ought helpful to may cussing dis- for physical powers. student free scope success it has fulfil their to the I would dentistry. of and dental for ignorant."for practicalpoints of practicalwork render to successful a favourable most too actively. although the .not It is at which. from even in help is also Athletic and acquiring that us mutual hospitallife. of he departure of evenings. for. kindlyspirit during a charlatanism. the feature of every members is the of emulation. one yourselves prepare combination that social flame ? to only by developing from inseparable features of learn social a which spirit a an express circumstances to There Club.150 THE lose sight of into the mysteries of will. imbibe to moment a hood spiritof professionalbrother- that passively for begin to barely initiated are is not craft.I view.yet it dental is all potent of you majority recruit raw all events at RECORD. to would what I attach call we may much the value. in reply. their to and. I think and new. of should we those the who have reform. what. by is so of Let of of good done of owe of much . spiritwhich you then athleticism. men gratitude due cause hands so we espritde science and liberal common of spark to spirit medical professionalor debt your a first It is this fraternal secrecy a social the and obscurity.

Dental and Medicine W.R.C." quite I should the both thought there to sufficient for Secretaryinforms views. my are yet I " students know when labours.' is connected read everybody present. have an and Gentlemen. minutes that " " each " When A I say when me we rest cease for ever subjectinto at Limitations your to is would expected I should students. it is dental longer play and to I intended I. viz : " Dentistry. of both with with pulsescease our Dentistry. These are consideration be not lost A part. students.for although I who be to Professions.D. so I this in consequence session new which points a man The Medical Student joins a Hospitaland practiseeither Paper read before as a and intends Dentistry. and be on views.THE sense be " fellow with up students. wishes scheme bear for the fruit in calculated to of your welfare ready acquiescence a professional promote brotherhood." the General Hospital. President The * think Society.S. to qualifyso general practitioner(and the Guthrie Society at School. but support am from in many they sure I such. Now.and of us I much. let advocacy in Societyto a I trust which all unite us of your worthy feeble any interests of I on my of giving which will our we owe about am of interest to have had assemblage I find round the word use this room will not they are The " " III." our parts. only one no offended will agree to M.S. the Westminster take fees varying Hospital Medical .and proved looking Surgery Glassington." Surgery. . best to of some the in connection sight of is before the promote with further The Relation By Mr.. and Paper Medical of Chas. we Student these as aware in Dental of am with not I me paper allowed am of think a boring in forty you for that he period. medical Medical The " L. may students and The air my to and student Student although and itself.and take to wrapped DENTAL let your active part in any desire equal an 151 RECORD. which one them classifying me dividing my " II. yet I as three of Dental divisions I dental name. I.

there I should I think but certain a that he Department up either be able practicehe never ! or.152 THE say. and a has learn attend learn. about learn not Surgeon specialstudy. as extract. I had perhaps it properly. T remember taking charge Hospitala his holidays. shilling upwards). simply that a specialist . he will teach to Now. do to should branch student) will certain treat can I tuition. but the should "c. from and upwards)^ in fact in any or of If he be he of the earning will of his is there He says the who Oh. not of of medical the ear. looking to at came never thought. words.what a finds he is anxious But or energetic student an Department and RECORD. if I had if not.when to of the services. is present. the ago. he the know tooth. into I gave he years of my cause him the proper surprisehe could I found he had .. molar to as forceps. abnormal dentistry? dentist. not extract few of one practicein some teeth. ordinarycases. one qualifiedman a ways fees from takes (and oflBcer in will student a " : out. but. or a guinea one DENTAL he ones Department. gentlemen. the of be medical know he whilst better Mr. and Dental fellow-students my him. asked and nice anything me of to the easy-lookinglower handed the was had done To use. and medical as many consultant a he how sec as living. but numerous opinion the will day present than already more patientsas regards will the of medical give you several. should know teeth. I a time same to Walker away see for just qualified. as extract he does Hospital. dental subjectsas how to student Dental Dental anything you tunity oppor- Dentistry? Surgeon him patientto in that us about if the extract want medical for the eyes. pro- compelled You attend get it and try nearest conditions. did the and not at as whilst Dr. What " are of something he should cannot dentistry? " I can for to operate. which o\ had minster West- Department who the country.and and going was let him kind extract before. "spot"' to to I do a (the Dental learn to the send amount of these sends tooth a quite enough are through tries to an regularly the tooth. skin." I the medical hope wish to more increase than reasons advise his You student his student I one of am perhaps say." dentistryproper. the why reasons your I how know if he even think not studies. use that Dental Gilbert's selves your- to take he will when in obscure more visitingthe to as the go Patients' intends so to for Out the that fession. '* hardly ever.

gas humiliating of members gas.and British soldier does the met Medical Army don't an all teeth him regards extractingteeth. THE he was very failed." ist in the now he ship. was the in tooth." Oh " three weeks few a on surgeon attendant my find quite surprisedto was is acting as was from the Dental not a how know that Department of a some to administer student medical It is deplored? unqualifiedman.and added." very and you practicelong into came and knows extract he he how him replied between in were They occasions. and regards as practitionersknow operations. and take have out repHed. he called. and extract after extracted. which the Dentists had either. about I took narcosis. of this state hear medical to patientat a the but at a apparatus. one think dental for gas 1879. roots told " said. **I on the of one remarked. molars.I a (he roots I informed sir. attend seen and come ment. take October on as last. How nitrous gas.who this I asked anaesthetics. DENTAI. He extractingteeth. but. all the " to sailors) molar upper other the old an job. ^"^ do send patientexhibited. much when was gentlemen. how they know teeth didn't doctors " administer to Act. I several teeth.not no teeth with out On fangs.which for he quahfied. got general many oxide are in force therefore many extracted oxide nitrous I don't me.one symptoms of he dentists who administer to them. these. a often well. astonish- their to qualified it myself her family medical on own the man. man gas are is to say. same friend of mine in successful did not both extract first and the between 163 RECORD.and had of student Service. it.at was occasion had fangs.although without I have visit to my quitealarmed administered so passing of the before for Dr.the forcepsfixed his best A to medical the at in Yorkshire get the he out. dangerous the. administered gas tooth. cannot nothing present. an professiondo I maintain be things to General should be Hospital . many being present. I fangs.simply not instances." when Again. what only the ordinaryones were he Afterwards informed me had he before. find he you Hospital." how There that registered. and second doing was time. least all.for if he seldom always managed he once me get all the to crown away. As to compelled to the I had the the is not to remedy.I like the Then again for give gas several house who to and myself was seen never Now.

is he do. special own Anatomy.what drugs Because." " that one gets into shape. over interested good a the general. and convenient a it as Again.sometimes to goes are. Medicine. Chemistry.e and afford can for him comes let this qualification. the lectures " course Constitutional " this attend I general hospital subjects for finds examined. decided a frequentlyoverlooks I cannot the students taking the and only when his mistake dental he has Dental as be saved. by cannot many course say.do time the at the subject. in was student States. can General opportunity. required for this.and RECORD." students consequently.and they secure aware expense general hospitala a " has opportunityslipof great advantage tim. on on lot of valuable a who man the lectures SpecificFevers Acute if the Medica on those to compelled by wastes the mean does subject.that even the latter.the and permit him place. to said. disposaldoes by gone is Medicine. general hospitals. and go snore. Materia saying. a dental been time. Take. "Nothing students. dealt with not sufficiently are Therapeutics. the Why^ at Westminster? embryonic With teeth ? the to ? to horse-shoe a Therapeutics.D. with of lectures the teachers why of of Materia at our general and need not this hesitation he dental do old school in the enough does the first specialor dental not to at course learn of respect majorityof deeply into the L. also (and 11. the he tooth. what is The Dental " I must the medical.During and I answer. in is of the is bound lectures lecture-room and the Z3miotic or student these at taking to all. all due secondly. advantage he and surgery. the And are not lecturer's I have no Medica for a general student. but dental diploma only.if every extract to teeth the student everything about out on at dental learninggeneral medicine of how only not appointment an important)which more confess hold and learn Surgeon's Dresser.Surgery.S.I double teeth. and Medica. especially and You in The is rude the specialstudy. ? days Materia this on action what corner.154 DENTAL THE for three least at months. that but also in after life. but course." sleep.D.but a Hospital.S. afford who not the additional it is the can At the time rightthing " that be powers to attend am But so his his time It has the at L. to be impressing themselves to is student than less not Diseases. Physiology. Student the He has learn hospitalto in his dental work. must one in remember short summer the course whole and of these also subjects is two they are gone presentedto through the student .

Limitations delicate I shall view. very disease of knowledge short Therapeuticsis necessarily and what very. Matico in destroyingpulps of used of these drugs he acquires from he reads in the Again. that subjects. and done lecture General With be not and come the work. and by lectures Carbolic (the he general hospital. Medica it be must dental student)will Iron.therefore. delicate dental point of entirely notions on the subject conclusion. point of view. Dental who man and ideas would my be only what from perhaps say. he qualification. satisfactory . on so the course man us diseases to those Hospital the could for doing when Of there. that general student.D. and curriculum my I no something generalknowledge these on think may you short materia dental lecture to dental see last named have attending these from receive all his regards honour Hospital.but other dentists . speak and myself have viz : many would be time.so ought As a two which intends who exempt he would Hospital. the vague. General should " think School. on wastes man a now.THE his during be necessity. viz. forwards would look from long describe should be reason why Medicine taught would clinical go to School. as the Dental be to The last made a part of The is the most because than paper. or dental a and hospitalto one to works the at purely dental of practiceat various remedy you too his Creosote information no for is used arsenic that acid and teeth. to learn his taking the double lectures medica and at the from the tics. DENTAL portion to an with almost better tried to define it.1 but their remarks with common would and Surgery. his when first year. I have be for I have a only) L. one dentistry.gentlemen. Dental of difficult of it from difficult because General student prejudicedwhen am plenty subject. am what beyond backwards going You another. these on equallyimportantfacts. for the haemostatics are tooth after haemorrhage his from learn Tannin and At dental ? the for of must. with no deal with. therapeu- at the National subjects I say they " Surgery. 155 RECORD. a extraction teeth . for Materia time If. brieflyspeaking.S. he gets the on consequently useful and . (I still mean student time it ? text-books largely are hospital. in the "will afraid. who men I of the action dentistry. we the on take dental a Anatomy.and and obligedto at dissections confine subjects. Dental a : how interestingfrom taking the intends school.

is the treatment I origin. between DENTAL such the help at both former. do.and surgeon where " case a RECORD. end. a or of ulceration with tooth refer to treated. throat.156 THE The be question to general surgery Take. on specialist neuralgia. beginning to enlarged tonsils Now.and all dental is he aurist. properly treated. advises he the take to the surgeon man a surgeon one.to with Again. the the jagged edges .with he has in all a dental does ? teeth two patient. he due to tongue he medical In another brought decayed a is he surgeon very only not it may to have to if not cause.more many the man the dental cases. it is probabilitycome tumour." I give you dental Or almost surgeon. but cavitythoroughly (which or dental trouble surgeon irritation case.and medicinal This teeth. him to the with who the the himself? case I the patient sufferingfrom a the .he evil effects of the their excision. off him surgeon.is commence say. General student has necrosis or not requires provincein his maxilla inferior . simple epulis. the examining on surgeons on of years his temporary shed erupting. should surgeon '' the particularly of opportunities but term. eight or seven finds the child's tonsils an to surgeon. of the the and . tongue child a just as he children).during his work Hospitals. which in a teeth have First of all. especially should developing jaw. and of the on medical why Or I say going the ? to them have to or within his child broad tooth the fractures in some. and tooth properly points out it removed. about incisors permanent in voung to him send to dental ? of tooth. from the to about of the or the remove Again. cases. trouble no to consult advises and him himself have to man is carious dental attends the removes tells tumour the and springing tumour apart . surgery the them pushing which also but removed. to do whom they certainlybelong idea of heads is quite within calling in seeing Two be consulted. of ranulas cases jaw. is the Now. treating such a still remains cases reasons very After all these think is the dentist or antrum. his patientto take entire is excised. discussed. knowing are parents pain some .the of enlargement they belong being better I will To ? the dental than province the physicianor dental and but in my surgeon. his Dental the know oral enlarged .or charge own of the do it himself? been of dental writing a prescription? is to treat it. neuralgia mean tell the to the the is age.

simply from seen be to these case to at only with was the process which is in has in of removal are is. and to cases particularly mechanical prevented a be draw any work allowed been have bands and moie of thought any of the patient'shouse.D. should bands have almost remember greatest after the could surgeon be I these why reason be afterwards done times worn.and In all such jaw^.he knowledge examination and for his of 157 RECORD. in and during one holder of of all only. even cases of tumours been dentures. an all on tauf^ht from view. is in than consultation candidate is many of he such entitled to . but line ? with in the healing form. mouth consultation. prevent the the pointed allowed dentist how surgeon the surgeon. two three or managed the dental had have could to Again. cause. the his work Even called be that Well.as and DENTAL are view connected with he fail. and Therefore. dental which the mouth. these cases. treat diseases. ivell not test In treated. would which the latter asked how he the mouth.but The one. how pointed out take to of pass L. perform cases Also form.D. he operation. think he should be to would if he when fullycapable to take charge practice.or they have appliancebeing it which see certainly seen. and surgeon at the surgeon is not most a before. the for considered be point has Oral student I maintain which the although. they are surgical.S.I the Referring again only.THK also how last. where performed be is Diploma not specialist.S. should I have fit in artificial to teeth surgicalwork the of either cases where cases better considered. surgicalpoint of a examination.it to point certainly operatingroom.any has to his own be the artificial means. searching qualification. dental a as leasts he teeth. satisfies the and of cases surgeon L. and operating from does the it is taken not to means it. broadly I consider parts removed to out not cleft will various know has do presume examiners gone into he in better the operations I There palate. as the addition.but and thorough with the dental it should diseases There is the speaking. the the the of without replaced by large cicatricial have well this I difficulty Now. dental cases elsewhere done the great them. have with one should where I any connected to is Cavity.connected the double can man a to medical a examination. yet operationconnected an should now referring (I am be is the at the present a only is much justlyproud of. operation.

the dental I may L. will when he agree the double this to is I have quoted. line a capable of operatingexcept of the such alone confined go can these of the it is not man many one will you " of are say. This. labours. the eye.S. "c. gentlemen. examination throat. qualificationin a You his present said obtain of DENTAL also about on for me. I be may will the now.C. with swing he should strength. such no he practice. finished.S.S. If dental purely a RECORD. not his is. . honour this have must with " the soon come taking the case the unity is along.D. As of test all. when or that all surgeon. most special examination the not. surgery. you it " practising solely as the see L.D. either will the M.gentlemen.S. you is too thorough a take should so. before.R. the dentist.C. be. I suppose the by I simple.S.R. times consultation interest of is how are does Hospital case before but by teeth.D. I have conferred Society.D. is cases the the supposed by not for general practitioner.158 THE the reap reward examination be diseases of the I think the I have teeth and pure L. and any one. compelled to pass splendid one as a of who you the on will argue teeth. there must ear. in teeth say the surgeon. the operating at perfectlywithin is cases dental he they any to on specialists those granted. out of his finds Dental and gentlemen now. but said interfere The dental the you I do not have we it should And When objection. a will day of advantage great do not entire province by taking I trust and like to treat. still there but is on to want the or alone.as through to profession. let it for Although of the charge not yet to hope specialbranch at draw in addition F. your I thank in asking patience dentistry than you me in medicine to not read only a paper listening to and for it.." the the to in difficulty consultation takes surgeon in the once up average either of surgeon visitingphysician a the attending crops be doubly qualified sure is to surgeon work he with of the out is quite when for fear so " a he am do to when way comes my of these opinion. have more forgive "* me. skin. a which At and would it is majority the National when and one place. quite enough province. stiff a let means qualification. recollect. does consultant If imagine not medical is holds he diploma he student have can L.S.

not get direct Some private class need this invariably is the the to teeth of the former favourable to by classes. teeth care.viz. needed were for the practitioner. least doubt The two offer of such vitalityprevious which and successfully. and an whose arsenious there properly filled.and pulp this fine flexible by passing up blade bring the the to entrances the very burrs.I discussion our the great viz. The have doing naturallyfall pulps for " Teeth Dead upon teeth Balding. canals the detain canal pulp asepticcondition. unless the pulp or Very often it. its connection brooch nerve point two drill this seldom it away. If as such we are of that subjectas called have and II. Those " applicationof the to as of result best first step is to involves is There thoroughly open the the cutting away easilyeffected with of is the up In operators advise. away a barbed this also be Gates-Glidden off. Dead " reasons my TEETH. more and immense. method. little attempt an can is not this.. E.instead which no the bridge tolerablystrong. and apology any 159 REPORD DENTAL Hospital. it may if it does unsuccessful. our for immediate is the the tooth.THK THE OF TREATMENT By President Mr. Should fine broken giving apex. their successful into devitalized number lost their in be never the well-worn a to-night.and cavity withdraw canal. DEAD Gentlemen. London Dental as cavities. so. the a : I. crown secured a of crown to cavities. of much extending between we is withdrawn of interstitial case of one is very there but pulp chamber. . and to been I. the the order bristle. Society. Next. advantage gained by should sever other almost cross-cut new these extremity of be the pulp-chamber so by passing a done not. to treatment Here provided the pulp fillingthan root the canals. to access of fresh opening by drilling straightthrough the entirely the acid coming to long. such choosing have deal to for treat.or Donaldson which in turns two be may right to brooch watchmaker's one This whole.and more a this sometimes it treatment. . Those " under our importance of vital with tooth. us canals or work.but with on has fails to * A to withdrawing the the class of teeth of and the had use with the the engine entangle the pulp Paper read before of and be made the the Students' very to make into the at will come extractor. adopt.

160 THE After as all cutting away their orifices make to better alcohol. and object.neither by enlarging the run contents dry hot the previouslygauged with small a cleansed a of even a fine this I that I of such reply end proximal make that sure is the it is not safelybe left with time exactlysuch had a ago carious a six year slightexposure.but a the to which The acid. make patient chamber perchlorideof the little patient The any obstruction into very Some pulp than more cavity with put in and osteo found and since it teeth out only may is I discovered without enlarge them. The was of the teeth of vitality previous to three the the as the that these not few two a giv^enthe words we Hern mercury.which we under class our " those care will consider " which may seriatim. under buccal molars Of do passage the so. molars. to drill. funnel-shaped.so the drill. arsenious applied on the buccal openings which burr. the second coming subdivisions. we this is All in disc and and filling. up could admit not percha points gutta ago. except perhaps a proceed the canals with in of the rubber this the over where case of them solution towards length dried. pulp chamber two with opening palatinecanal I endeavoured finest brooch. the canal if it is not came days. and two lower somewhat be molar. uneasiness canals.or overhanging one is no alcohol. and of syringe. in absolute mercury DENTAL patient slightest will pass first class. my To ? course enlarged part. very the with out hot the canals. per insertinga piece of wire. but small so as bristle.and Having on admit to deposition of secondary a the permanent what the commonly canal a where end. filled the this saw the I did continued I very point of palatine canal. a considerable root says.I would but mopped persist.or by plug. and upper which to looking for minute not case a root you the in alone. the removed but in again came on should then and inserted days the with over II. made There RECORD. with canal from advantage gained. have be lost their grouped into . and I the from pulp dentine examination on the enlarged notice. it risk being thoroughly the not as anterior should spiritlamp. someone are of upper air by marking introduce to absolute perchloride of proximal the and permanent roots of flame the canal dam.but any partly calcified are dentine cent. mop a still. in the antiseptic some brooch a would case of roots them leave merely blocking the opening. a With filled. first with gold plug. simple enough. had tooth out the I difficulty.

we and root of such iodoform. . of the been and there cause.and be dehydrating the slightestindication the not of all the teeth. and teeth. touch-and-go" movement. and whatever so be antiseptic to open guided by in the us.and apicalforamen.)Under historyof DF. careful a sideration con- If there case. or soaked dry or it is of lower case moist as caries obvious any that as the as Sometimes cavity. before.NTAL the first may alveolar be included result of accident or of the generally be canal will if the and otherwise. result etc. and much been died is the state a out which spontaneouslywithout to seem may be is has pouring this find it shrivelled may rarelystillit condition When in of pul{)has semi-liquefiedcondition. and because the with a antiseptic. drill is called into of no contents by disappearedaltogether. under using readilyto more either of adoption of power now are then and alcohol. a may disease. This any feel might favourable. much be Now fear the canal by mopping out syringe.the tubes. and presence into pus have means Proceeding care. from tooth at has is I think eucalyptus dissolves perfectly any there and operation.or permanent the the dentinal untoward root. other But once. known favourable as as in of perchloride of up in their treatment canal of. of cause. any pain whatever. is such two courses which we as to reason no take the the conditions exist in nothing our lost mind as not to prove the by delaying the dressingof eucalyptusoil carbolic and iodoform. such peroxideof hydrogen. result Gates used not some solution the hot-air individual of probablybe now of in the or periostitis. chamber pulp those whose abscess.. actual debris. should treatment. this their the class walls of the canal the ever what- all loose there drill. working possible. may be when has the pulp it will be in less often we died the by no clear the out as antiseptic. requisition. gangrene.but 161 RFCORD. of there case.THK (a. and softened '' well the creosote The with the with and of our debris forcing any be with absolute the having the causing them There used. as mercury. encroached pathological state just considered. an so will done up be must the in permanently filling justified should use time 1-250 a and of treatment of expect absorptionat or should is best of each circumstances have we pool a fine.and must alcohol set gauge or impossibleto putrid contents. doubt can be insertinga preferableto the iodoform. gangrene. as the upon the in as either is putrid decomposition. through But remove we continuing the the on more exercise too it should thoroughly dried.

The root disc of following slight been presence carbolic with (about y. I be one consists . bleeding or weeping this latter follow immediate some all as position inserted. and and has simplified with canal cotton our the abscess abscess mercury the draw Here drillinginto or of whose at if its actual or the having amalgam..the remained has unoccupied. and plug a suitable. the comes sac soon results which not it which advanced loose a to an far so perchlorideof going through advise not and possible. which at once through of the gum root and the filling the putting through driven that abscess in a very in cases should after which fillingitself adopt to to occurs me externally. or will be much apicalforamen the and then clean away experience has my I have however.ir)2 THE and being The cavity is if at the of the week a be the for patient fillingbe be cannot periodontal irritation. of the exists.caused substance. or where filled with now dressingmay of volatile diffuses itself into every very end RECORD. may only tooth operators then in the a changed very is treating the side of the or we the be cleared great. just below the in found few as ceased. but force been immediate and of the filling as rhizodontrophy. down being followed. adopted. on treating as lay over teeth of " oxychloride gold those gum. and filled with just beneath it.and the out the by recommends pulp cavity.and over gum canal is in process of carbolic. Clear the opening attached of the to arsenious small a surface second blind abscess a treatment If it advanced. most seen and filling. Sometimes.is capping tooth. course practisingof treatment.and drilled it not to as sweet. thoroughly as stage the abscess of treatment course will include the with over : quantity small a septic treatment acid. inserted. grain). or by anticipatingnature from the into looking subdivision vary may with saturated card remainder the (b). has canal so filling. treatment by cutting little iodoform to tear the up dressingas Although good advocate by tried the the besides that that known either margin . and quite comfortable. Mr. I have root this dressing with into the course sac fistulous fine drill of treatment circumstances of a the warrant Some and very whichever a should wool with blood. DENTAL a the over fine hole and into is through the pulp .and is covered tooth according to at all out opening.wash the out Coleman doubt no "''n cases has there again. or until day every has formation.This acid zinc. root permanent a gutta percha. left space of temporary plug a tooth exchanged whatever gold. be can made the seems If the as the clearly. pulp cavity.

bursts from the teeth having burst. as the when channel cure to up or is neither Some by granulation. as briefly leading immediate apicalforamen. opening generallyat which a third and a quicklycauses less potent are used through even then it makes it to heal creosote. our equal parts a as to be dried of Fleming's to aid an should mixture a it advisable as case. caused pus ts makes gumboil while. almost our also because and the of which and fine brooch very of oozing out at the sinus on to the gum. few pustule of again. only a or of those comprises suppurating tract. needle canal the as the away cases consists sinus very these method satisfactory most the canal screw antiseptic.which alveolar an is sometimes small for ^ to patient experiences that beyond offensive amenable are in getting whole the then a then and To is force follows as drill . and a it traverse root canal without possible. the simplestand my this doing of it. allow before coats a moderately good proceeding with so sure nor quick. it cauterises the drug. antiseptic for this purpose is strong carbolic acid. being tooth set or up increased. occasional immediate summit the and which has enlarges. and preferto the the the nozzle to little pressure pack filled the which carries shall we . it is necessary the it has reached the gum.because antiseptic tell can canal Clear " it with round the one a the up syringewith best : point through tightlyall The pulp the rule a to powerful antiseptic some thoroughlycut pass Now canal. the white pass and operation. the over iodine and where there this do is tincture stronglyand of the of aconite tincture I fact deem treating any inflammation of in gum repeatedly double . peroxideof hydrogen. and on from to the hypodermic syringe. its it pass take far as the then needle. after preventive likelihood any and the treatment. Every again pain no the to a an reappear by into inch its appearance. the subsides and inconvenience any permanently fiUing both but cautiously Gates of left again and As majority treatment. long.)The the are a subjectsof last subdivision abscess. neither mouth. strong escharotic. (c. any affected tooth with painted of in 168 hiRCORD. eschar being such sinus. crown. immediately see of the but stream when by use a these to the with well up the of very the and wall so with just as then and of and possible.DKNTAL THK But cavity. so h the 2 . drops length its apex. as dry using force having gutta-percha. a now liberation The mind.

for the root a fillings large field selection of a suitable is is filling opened as to for us important as it . every so other down there was temporary a day.dehydrate fit the to RECORD. of of chin lower dischargefrom right slightestsign pulp chamber. at carbolic roots Sometimes root. he came that came was recurrence has grown quite firm. not with extractinga on of kind with that central upper in the tightlyround About gum. the be be may gutta-percha points.the the find we crown. dipping freelyin till the necessary surrounding gutta percha. alcohol. cure. root cotton the on amount disappeared from has hand. but without made into the the although success. About The a a patient. the and the trouble.had of about man leading sinus case a ago year it trouble the proceeded dead. On the subject of discussion.If result let perchloride of not appears filled the and way mark a has canal. it for three it enlargement dressing being and lower attempt out close examination inserted. of treatment. on appear opening. with canal dry again.mop absolute and effect to it is carbolic of case gum If Dl^NTAL THE pretty of this conservative our attempt the radical under my notice. and a of from interest some thirty. and wool using and immediately suspecting this in safe the tapering piston a the remove mercury. pumping a absorption may apex seem then and treatment. After enduring an intermittent this hospitaland on to years. foramen. on jaw. peroxideof hydrogen the from the under opening in the abscess an symphysis.and dressing was filled permanently. which caries.g made renewed it the to central. by winding in gold filling a this both filling permanent white to with out brooch.and canal the when there then tooth which An has the chin. When hypodermic syringe is a the only cure. Since the an considerable discharge gradually lessened. done. at first The time. having previouslytreated fistulous variable standing.which does the in to six had disposed its at it in this of very one taken has refused perhaps and in almost to is to yield to inch an be tooth any long place at of tb shall we yield alternative only our that to I ago abscess have that tooth case a action weeks an is abscess this way. tooth further loose apical patient seen the was some of the the was without but each no was force to ceased been found was openir. a drop one been the in being entirelysatisfactory.164 the In the the syringeand a insert the made inserted with root to other any an class.

It practicallyinnumerable. of dead essential item in the treatment a filling 165 RECORD. capable require. only rightone. therefore fillingI should requirements of a good root in this order : it should ist. but ordinaryuse being In the root-fillings. the by previously in the chloroform dip the pointsin it. if it and up of those some that it should also adds the to circumstances should readilyremovable.as it it is now mopped freely filling. almost and thinking it particular favourite. 3rd. perfectroot-filling may a and irritating non antiseptic. That go the extremity. Therefore antiseptic.THE is an is to root foramen. One be apical receptacle or always easy conditions must the in purulent exudation. the the be and circumstances choose and thoroughlydried. not Tomes.I solid substance necessitates introduction.is of the by doing so. I have Of all root-fillings and the of percha using these the canal has been should with and taking one of is not chance or our the of these pointsto the necessary to form fine of follows : most all the necessary nearlyto cessful suc- ments require- taperingpoints. DENTAL canal it then there is the greater is large it will take full allow two or two three . of their of to up as briefly cleared into chloroform perhapsmore L is chloroform. in It 2nd. the adaptationto with believe Mr. are his would teeth. a of any solution pointsin and the plunge the percha in chloroform.and when of the It is canal. out the becoming its and size met and writer. any the stating place them be of of shape of that in root-fillings use operator having heart to them all.I think will various different canals . If there is gauge. our of treatment our and out. guided by defined be apex were time your in From place here. as of the the of in the should we material.I be the allusion to of of use own penetrate take too we conditions a often allow selection accordingly. and of bloody. answeringmost one is gutta method ourselves individual each might a of number possibleto conservative judicious consideration of The as canal. of gutta to length of a the end the canal plentyof going home. The that will suppose We " filling our present. dip for an conveyingforceps. serous almost be must from prevent the canal so close permanently in aim one " this and and effectually Our teeth. disinfected. solid being being easilyremoved. If the canal points. . or best to cut use in be before the introduction out instant used stilla brief be considered not in every in his enumerate get conservative to case.

a down. a I have carried Some being quite full.but it preserves of time is canals with time your up wool to go "points by till the inserted points are small all familiar are likelyto more alcohol with this consider Some wax.is much' almost it should while Gold their the once of the apex. DENTAL THE through the antisepticproperties. difficulty is the liable to not great deal. which antiseptic power this mode in only practicable The in way in used zinc. recommended it to to go I will not so length never think that again . with and difficulty. is canal extremely fine threads. Iodoform and with put wire conjunction with oxychlorideof in or way. as good very the remarkable I think paraffinplaced of great objectionthat with use with wool cotton of by passing hot teeth a it is used.mixed is drawn filling. bristle. small into more on wax a out and filled.all other percha. makes called be might gauge. them A very fair is filling made of plasterof Paris. even it the fillingconsists Another canal its " also be is used that filling a by describingit. may flooded whole cotton the for but canal a in fact. oxychlorideof getting it be bristles they as of note. mixed thin with . the solution.to dwell upon to-night. of set up of its out think of up by some on had it is shreds it to course the bined com- extremity. and very the insert to a floor of osteo. having wire paraffin. the orifice of the in should thin. in order of freelywiped the end with out superiorto the gutta be cut Wood the the to same Shellac. of working. conjunction with fine.and.soaked the of the length The it is stiffer and percha. made itself been the should I merit.166 canal nerve or a Next. in wire copper proceed with condense then evaporate. date and it necessary unsatisfactoryin .It is canal begin the soften to You take in melted and experienceof any oxyphosphate the but and when add that or in the up lower it has mixed very oxychloride as being others and use preferit tin foil for root zinc 1 do filling. and without out chloroform for the minutes RECORD. it is needless to the discountenance irritation of operators. carbolised in points.but inclined be chloroperchaand previouslydipped it should with plug permanent chloropercha. as to slightlytapering. and to plugger. worthy but filling. our to get impossibility. of getting impossibility down canal jaw. extremity in the quantity of or is drawn The measured as gold inserted. a is the which soon . in like the gutta extremity. because is perfect filling.

filling. carbolic. several short Coleman has time. experienceof any them follows canal : " having of the one while the in favour make thoroughly of the arc the in. such first cut the this last year film. canal for the allowed time the canal before set that filling is another of operators. made mode out after which of a plugging forceps. known been years.which. as is square exceptionwhich advantages claimed preparedhave tough. packed exceptionthat percha that is the pointed.with Mr. then and perchloride shreds on of perchloride of 167 RECORD DENTAL THK and in a eucalyptus tooth after Mr a antiseptic property. are is taken coaxed the gutta Tomes. irritant into end goes for this by have albeit fillings.we they is used collodion. and up root-filling new a the sensitive carry as and stiffness.are sometimes dressings. the plastercoaxed no is first canal is introduced. root. has introduced d'emploi is guncotton to its pointslike into having not Sullivan's of in it is once the inserting. is patronisedby find to purpose of celluloid. celluloid bristles and on graphic photo- The collodion. per or the this operation or and some the permanent fixture and a is the best is to should A has in the into dried mopped This is very but Tomes Mr. but cotton plasterwill the minutes of The mercury. and considerable also and amalgam percha. wool not used as admissible such. and Iodoform after the I think admirable make mercury. of the apex the gutta percha. of gutta scrap number goodly a answer. plug Amalgam be should the wool.creosote. with similar before harden is.that it out. they a they are iodoform and and very absolutely non- being their power by of number dressings. an been stripsis percha points.dipped celluloid with account on the exceedinglyfine strips. although chieflyconsist perchlorideof arsenic. but mixture been only use and antiseptic. The strips so yet flexible antisepticand in up gutta percha. before lead. had to the is carried the gutta at that preservative. an with they The lost in be properlyfilled. the form is for how with up must plasterto impossibleto get practically of tin and say During fault be closed used I cannot is hardening action.a one wiped with out bristle a solution cent. permanent as These eucalyptus oil. Lastly. The in certain but use cases to preserve carbolic and of arsenic because has its smell creosote been of its very lose mended recom- powerful . the I have sometimes.

of of proposed for membership. and Maudsley Howkins. Storer two of the member a B. those brieflyto recapitulate me of are of and exposure of allow conclusion. was that supernumerary haemorrhage model that OdontologicalSociety of Germany. Societyby case of Hbrary Bennett. minutes the of the Dr. The a Storer alveolar the this the other conical was it was Curator) as Mr. was Baker's M.R. also of particulars remarked standing. subjecton a than pens interminable of thank to me listened to my scant far abler by whirl have you but for was treatment that of for four a case that it a root years. H. admission (of Dublin) Mr. and which the Dumfries. under Hughes that siderable con- a of extraction was the extracted.S. S. Ordinary Monthly Meeting the have livelydiscussion.Eng. of was of more an .S.Upper Norwood. there Then canals.Mr. Hutchinson. A. instructive. record. The of members. related abscess Hull. GREAT OF President.the the October years Number He stated taken by Mr. Librarian)stated of the Society. suppliedby gentlemen.and It eruptingin boy aged fourteen. debating. elected Mr. is BRITAIN.viz.and thorough finallytheir and roots. First. continuing. J. chamber pulp free is the prime importance. Calendar of the mentioned also (in presented to One. had papers T. 2nd in L. It with which have done written a remains only justiceto deficient may be OF ODONTOLOGICAL The on March. Mr. for a tooth.C. disinfecting. read were held Societywas the above of full attendance a previous Meeting W.168 THE In which treatment the direct of dehydration the points of into the access the openings the and cleansing.. behalf the his model upper palate. and announced. was (on Pharmaceutical been the sent Transactions of the membership to Society.and capacity exceedinglyinterestingand upper for showing of amount teeth. W. an In showed Mr. of teeth the attended had models two Bulkley Hughes. REPORTS THE I I feel that I volumes which but mine. Bennett been confirmed. dp:ntal complete and accurate filling. a which patience for the desultory paper.. two was supernumerary of three lateral incisor which the Society. Gill.D. chair.and of vortex only hope that what can SOCIETY The is still the been SOCIETIES. you.

third weeks discharge was of the end specimen would to the six root discharged and percha. regard to the casual communication facilitate discussion if the specimen . and had percha with gutta the through had occurred. which at the perforation . but itself.owing side about a from 169 RECORD. a patienthad show occasion its condition to have to due far it forward. and a the gum below the dentist.extending willingto The suggestion to not was root. and four or had possibythere but after the unsuccessful three over which mischief not The pierced the foramen. a canal first with of About the second a the to consequences canal root a cavityon a removed for disastrous out 1886 filled the worse. young palatinesurface the of the drill a piercingthe a patient. forciblyillustrated case supervene one DENTAL portance im- the for for itself. but the drill which the drill. apex risk tooth. should as be his opinion that abscess been consulted. Mr. but a that went He. he said specimen (handed round) spoke has given probability President patientwas anterior was after this the time extracted. the thereupon went to it alternate on days for He then dischargegetting less. or which may which is not wall on then of of had lateral consulted canal with made matters age. expressed himself capable of treatingthe treated the patienttherefore gutta a dentist percha. gutta The one. however. Storer but rather an of necessity who in all The of Mr. when be see give relief. was This without but who dentist. without suggested done. it has when especially and using too tooth the root Bennett augur not the of the her throat. while been due readilyassuming Bennett. somebody else. who giving relief. case. fifteen years and whom the or right upper formed the properly directed. have to in the dentist London a fidently con- very signs of any London not correct. it she years. sinus a The fistula formed removed after year filling. of the teeth. incisor then drill. a to the tooth consent did so. it The a that Storer had to thought case alreadybeen said that with would drill had mended recom- now not she in that would directed the all the should that under a a case the to upon is easy of care of of driven subsequent channel impress too plug been addition cut all at ultimately been filled had this that attempts was wall.enlarged with lady. them the treatment.THE The less. She the filled. it the to examination short about due way any an surgeon discovered was which A dentist stated that suggested removed. it thoughtful attention. another to In pointed opposite the she through cleaning other.

The was microscoped. old tooth upper the to which that was had patienthad the it best a get hints to year as second second and presenting portion appearance to The being quite useless. but complete above extract.it was to of (The the to The have fourth end and side of the mouth. molar. J. misplaced tooth. gemination was the that experienceit was In his was abnormalities. that length. Ackery to cases and round. casual a which doing lad become His as fifteen for discussion could sixteen. and he the nearly in irupted. Own never Mr. dental on right either side the antroposteror. he give well impacted.Mr. level. but long absorbed axes due he subsequent meeting. occurred molar remove molar first molar it had molar. Society.remaining to call to been not first instance aged he bringing to able being the greatest scope meanwhile in about previous historyhad In the that was without so the deferred communication. he on case at its carious gDt his wisdom not would distinct very the to as in this way. and case Another occurred was Ackery thought tooth with afterwards erupted. bicuspids were of root permanent and in rotated. of surface. . model the objectin bringing the its men speci- the until attention. model.) not the showing signsof caries. The upper. said he remarks any In seen. shown an at their arch. become after forward known. certainlynot temporary medical a be of less than interference some hoped found was the roots. Ackery an ordinary The calcification. to On down.high only partially was sulcus.was posterioraspect. some upper the said specimen on the were both shewing simultaneously present true removal might possibly be fractured. upon two was right lower lower a the of the causes the did. in or The tooth This quite inexplicableto case member of his down come There to had for the there its positionof The third case second the border and alveolar flat the root and even. half the normal was the mouth in whose broken became simply was had tilted lower man. was six a Ackery thought his any the how position of history.170 The handed were had been for Ackery Mr. shown.very call that but wished before teeth. impacted was any which The probable cause. account to whether him to it better like canine.so tooth teeth in a never forward. record. before the that and The of first molar the second wisdom the irregularityin the at was right upper mind. bicuspid in the unique. Mr.and quite Mr. true been the he afraid show to three or fact in itself gave level than puzzle was family.

dislocation double of communication for his Barrett been it would as perhaps it meeting. with of small paper and three of consistent number a dressing circular was consisted It with it . and in January the every time . called but suggested when being to propose moments. screw inflammation again of to the the Mr. pellets. said the by upon often very drugs form. the to the time a devised was occupy itself which after used. thus with green President enough the for drug particular colours of considerable tier third utility. to see necessary desired arsenic.and bottles for receptacles tier contained tiers. possibledimensions provided was daily use bibulous percha pellets. David that he than a did not few stand (shown) small of quantities in pyramidal reduced The lowest amadou. gutta second for The receptaclefor convenient a and convenience. of force. and smallest tier so Societyfor the of time President.He himself.and said her open the opened it necessary the round In that at ago. and Mr. Mr. he with complained certain the of moderate amount be also the ventured ment arrange- bring to the and see. mentioned bring do the be pellets. London almost the chloroform. to use molar a " it. a with associated found had Scanes them said that of the considerable neighbourhood of of close Barrett and only bottles it. on Mr. a indispensable. out-department under used.one they were 171 RECORD. of case good be be would venient con- Ashley Barrett Mr. pink might that Dr. the plan might therefore and darkened a call upon would the was readilyrecognizing be patient. a Mr. jaws. Spicerhad teeth. the mouth. Hepburn. amount of Hospitalabout the on wisdom a patient presented herself the complete inabilityto pain with neighbourhood patient come to room.showing a Ashley There patientsfor two them had in connection spiritlamp. contrivance which. and to This forth. Hepburn suggested that the whereabouts of the be of different might carbolic acid. hospital. and extended the to it before The the bibulous to to in at the so also brought the jaw. DENTAL labial. The with covers The hinges. paper use of for boxes without for was purpose . form to as be proved to became more ordinary practicesome in revolved.THE and other the being lingual and lying side by side. necks. Barrett finding was masseter He on muscle. so Society. in mouth extracted going months three of the left side opener.

a circumstance strong metal considerable better Further. suggestion was possiblecause they might affected be somewhat a cause giving of patient was the her Barrett the first. fibre. the opening to joint. so the iaw. front no he that he possiblythe inco-ordinate which bands become one means. were. inferior maxilla the reduced.and regard to her slid She headache. the connected traction lax.aged right shoulder be deal the have The with good examination. glad to matter.the might that they to discuss. this constant a teeth. done some in which capsularligaments might have external also pterygoids might for the account to it relief. of a clicked. to be Barrett on noise clicking which mode him to Mr.and joint dislocated. with vulcanite. complete him to arthritis. every be. and might had of that mechanical head-cap a him to on Barrett the that was and an might dislocation with mouth forward. of matter be continued and hypotheses. Mr. be prevented by cap. remarked had Barrett slippingof rather mouth manner.and sometimes the The 24. and jaw she closed was constant RECORD. capsular ligaments. thought complained pushing second of The it. was There eating. affects the of the quite not opener it seemed the dislocation the upon best articulatory entirelyprevented members secondly.with prevent President if any he amount members they should the mention it with which he proposed long upper a condition the to chin- exercised be that had he purpose might not jaw might action. accompanied lower whether that violence woman young rheumatoid might of the mind own possible glenoid cavity.he might. that plate.and both DENTAL remarks made now. on made be making he a hoped The would case. condyles occurred in act Mr. not was very of those hopeful that by was improved. to wasted condition.which the about a left knee. caused Mr.172 THE she her Opened apparentlythe mouth sides when produced be would the of With have the On conditions loose him that which The existed. with relief. conscious have third of jaw bone in his clear forward it. the could three this for and The patient utilize by incisors. obscure three clickingin of there . and this.which jaw slippingforward. to make seemed Perhaps on Mr. except As constructed the draw the occurred It occurred though possibly. the condyle of prominence. the possiblyshe might cause points opinionsof the over pain.a growth was of cause. on again it all but consideration might mouth said dislocation. jaw. to now have it would Storer a be Bennett's .

the because case similar Coffin Mr. DENTAL Newland-Pedley as think to expressedhis agreement the nature it was a of Mr. lady a ago year gold pin. and of the overtaken in the regard condyle was by race of a therefore second had been it was much held out that it had largely in dwarfed and of it ill- an concluded molar was thought positionwas he had . W. from in seen and exposed a a second of tooth to the such with growth conical. true denticle. for a the . He perfect dislocation.Probably suggested to rare lower pointed out by been and case.and the mounted true a was increased Mr.in The that say similar Ash's an to difference only pivotand a wished almost under Bennett. molar Mr. Tomes and of the behind Mr. he circumstances pivot afterwards them a case. the his and bicuspid.but formed due not was by Barrett's of case be descriptionit reminded the He extract glenoid cavityunusuallyshallow. probably restore believed it not to it Logan a doing perfectlywell.he was case commenting ligamentsand a Mr. alleviate with the found pivot.and the making crown the on mentioned Mr. the other F. In movement to Bennett extracting on if movement. about described those Coffin Mr. proper that the lower that shape forward rigorously applied little forward Mr.THE Mr. but it would his case. in root tooth. Mr. Bennett F. movement of the such for on such to the condyle and jaw. him to came Mr. positionby teeth. the private practice. the removing encourage him seemed months. and the on the had there root effort Every extracted expected that by incisor lateral After -g^g-irich. between was the Mr. case of Barrett's case. 1 7. became In the almost gold pivot protruded and that tooth he as a to being tube about conditions' discharge failed. Bennett to explanationwas conical been being once Mr. dislocation more constant dislocation.^" RECORD. with did He not had F. a he a the to were jaw The that in consequence case own the due of gliding a said repetition. cases Bennett's replanted it and upon be to appear It splintas few a it would been outside. J. to had Barrett unusually flat. that it scarcelywould lower jaw. the carried to Coffin H. a on position as smooth root root this replant a the had same perfectlyfirm. this believed fang being the he impacted front it that the of case Bennett Bennett such Ackery's was bicuspidin that Mr. J. it had and moment find a With first molar and curious a relaxation found fang. others fang.and the perforation.

seemed he erupted allowing the Nowhere effect. transference. a on paper is got necrosis mandril.but conclusion. A.and the at with phlyctenularophthalmia and page examination an disc tooth. rich eyelids and innervation divisions with of the appreciate Accepting the the of of the by which and afferent to less the of other it was in certain cataract.and in the W. the in medicine Statistics definite the York. in as ambiguity of with laws may stated then. six years exhibited invention a passed through bodily. Coffin consistingof mandril screw Associated connection causal a teeth. 6th nerves. flat head the than frequentlyaccompanied very physiognomy of New Dental frequency only resort. and the carious Collins. 4th. seemed conditions the dental nerves an must should . model a H. Mr. of the syphilis. The the the simple a which proof interstitial between 2nd. owing affections little of seem empiricism from arrive the was and demonstration of defective underlying relation Bearing of the together contents. of peculiar a and recognised the extreme a induction and syphilis.radiation a with a Hutchinson due was such judicious keratitis first molars. Kimball rarelysuch Power he the avail. disease the remarkable infantile aberration.When inherited who " DENTAL THE relaxation. dental great trigeminal nerve. central RECORD. there defeated be yielding a simple cause in "' observed of causation read Related and had Bain of age J. said irregularity. and hand concomitance mind muscular truths his belief Dr. slit and the completely removing Dr. man. 3rd." to present he paper Ocular between another on a .''there circumstances orbital large two physiology teaches so-called author's Arlt's connection 5th appurtenances. more themselves.without be to of afterward years then combined a mouth about four the perforation. suggestive of and of and general the whole 7th cranial and eye the and associated impossible inter-communication " impulses ascending sensory fail to to aflforded. of sympathy.174 exhibit pleasureto about palate. of the other convulsions. of a Diseases. hole from screw then Collins Job of Dr. teeth inherited same not the to characteristic a destination parts able of laminar were sympathetic opportunity that priori probability arise in which and dental was to ocular. a aged twenty-four." indeed had On cases that with of the former some 102 of necessityof thing a method deductive of the especially enamel.

i. complete detected was reflex Power perforatedthe later and occurred. improvement It . and found be sympathetic tendencies to liability and eyes broad a affinities investigateddevelopmentally. when complex were the general between of sight lost interaction no with thus be not factors two an must There vision. of on with his second of fatal orbital cellulitis resultingfrom jaw. might mesoblastic vascular a laid at the be the with taking be to was fanciful means as eyes. Collins dental a decidedlyrare. established satisfactorily searched the mydriasis and on restoration well was the the as amaurosis swelling and removed.e. an outset. very kind little value. the of dentine The remark. of organs the in phenomena. Lawrence tooth the optic nerve. enamel point of there two The correspondence in less true teeth. histological which 17') RECORD. which twelve a of the the of first left upper of the of the in aged thirty. man pain and recorded definite ten fang a life with irritation The sight after case of case from later days most sightquickly ensued. the pathology of blindness. of epiblasticinvagination intrusion and little of was Prefacing a eyes. branches have the to that might phenomena the the with Bonders fact lesions lens which changes cases the genesis of of of sets in essence.DKNTAL THE divers manifest the composing system and sensory whose analogy by the with A organ. spoken complete revord on splinterof wood which carious was been by .. the two were before ophthalmoscope. He and periodontitis anaesthesia or of the phlyctenular . Mr. disease for of the ocular and one troubles but no dental whom molar that the the effect of side said was when a to cause splinter orbital an striking and rapid inflammatory effusion. clear case were volumes of the and of Mr.was which Dr. stated could cause He had OphthalmologicalSocietyin classed in of associated . this lasted Galenzanski of cellulitis directly upon shown of that cases be in of a vain found the evacuation for a a case necrosis of with fifth.and link analogy between age the and and cornea than time view in in the connecting of teeth. ocular extant the the by of cheek month. motor and developmental. be histories the the dentitions. neuralgia or reflex amaurosis group. might that the indirect Sir.before squint Collins Dr. Wm. from brilliant and and Critchett.and citation of class. quoted by their were " of worthy was eventuate before sixties the cyclic changes demonstrated the operated co- non-vascularity in and remark recorded case by of of the fifth.especiallysuch as concomitant " referred of Galenzanski.

speakers. the stated was that in seemed Henry Dr. detailed hypopyon. and though other cystoid cicatrix literature two the of taking out abscised.]7f) THE ophthalmia. experience. yet some followed Mr. Power's ulcer neuro-paralytic ulceration and after with The She had the root. Power's contribution that Mr. eye or dental other. is not neuralgia in glaucoma In acquired. glaucoma or Mr. available failure which paper." followed records the contributed case find to there of which discussion the and to suspect reason no played by part to the tension tension. one each Power in this pathology was case toothache. from molars.and and case. carious due way case a assert or eye for Smith referred no carious cases a authority of related of removal supposed to the exist at to likely. or with of the most RECORD. by irritation. dental had of at the observations Dental but ^' That able only was sixteen amaurosis from by of mentioned brought a forward central. on lost. the dental the three ocular relieved four other troubles Dental kind to were surgeons which transactions Mr. yet the both extended more ment improve- glaucoma either Hospital. Turner related Charters a White Mr. and Lawson.suggest few. the be F. Coleman a left upper pivoting the commonest ophthalmic The case amaurosis it to. yet only contained within ophthalmoplegia. to reflex neuralgia ocular related the Indeed in forms bicuspid. One own of assurance any comprehensive date. or attributed accommodation lesion. speakers quoted were be more evidentlyon Collins was in in or the Odontological Society were for few of cases that number of for of his facial to cases records and Dr.found ocular were conclusion. irritation. amaurosis as Bate eight antral dental a knowledge ordinary Mr. by a J. of case that added of keratitis with resultingfrom trouble to of case in which found though seemed be primary importance. were eyes good ground cases was conjunctivitis elsewhere it Power's Mr. did anaesthesia some always was seem by measuring affected toothache not since glaucoma PriestleySmith toothache did nor double abscess an with subsequently had iridectomy. of the Sewill . Mr. cause cornea teeth. as of the of abscess.and Mr.yet of upper less of the thinking his Mr. trouble Mr. of was to come woman corneal there eye nad young had under subject up which a ot dental to laid the on was the proof cases she . Collins oculo-dental lesion paper. Bennett was Spence the same and iritis. Mr. DENTAL and and each of of the far between. which alert referring.

proceeded to was nerve evidentlyinvolving the supra-orbital was other cases. and pre-ophthalmoscopic seemed determined. and into receded so puerperal state. Schmidt. sources. rachitic" as titis kera- teeth. node. pressure. notwithstandingthe whether doubted that of than many dental other general depression. granulation tissue sixteen think or a was was possibly other In of the eye reflex A of losses. convalescence hyper-lactation.later.which or which neuralgia. traceable scepticismas deep originsof a no . statements neuralgiahad He over was from neuralgia of trunk.did motor removed. by a exhausting fevers. not course " Dental '^ obicularis. carious much and his he had be to head never seen in any way cheek and of intense case the of caused was acute enough to in such On deep large as as there was Collins and almond. cases. supra-orbital way the spasm of the teeth disease common neuralgiagave of the glaucoma. Dr. and lanular cataract physiological seemed imply to the matter the to the tion irrita- literature less critical times.DENTAL THE had reproducedin related and of the of spasm case tender. range toothache from the of distribution area consequently. tne composed was neuralgia. difficuUies. and notched such The to would reflex amaurosis Of associated ocular and teeth. puzzling. often not from became with as persons were apart cases he much affections of paralytic of reflex amaurosis Such dation.every . apparentlydue on Having quoted other case a teeth interestino most a cataract. total anaesthesia nerve. precisely and fifth. same chronic. any appeared remembered failure of to say that however. the teeth cured of and case-book own Surgery neglected the cataract. blood as the of H. neuralgiaand Appropriate treatment but of his 177 RECORD.the did Dr. the path of improbable.in of accommodation.and a reference normally exerted some his mind. Collins Nor lump a PriestleySmith. both . restrict the from tested of accommodation. this it and syphilis.and deflectingcauses. supra-orbital and to side. accommo- effect in this direction fifteen had cases nerves. " such lesions. by the Collins Dr. inhibition. to He felt obligedto confess demonstration of the dental through as became and rarer enquired vigilantly not for. internal muscles or to dental Dr. the maxilla. they removed most were opticnerve. historyof a had an of attention deal paid a good and. the external disease. far factory satis- of inflammation frequent in disappear when be anomaly arisingfrom more to suffering elucidate direct extension appear measure if ever. the paralysis presentedsome " to lids felt."which influence. the student and of to though from the circuitous proportionately dental and .

and Bennett that this case his of and as relation It the he the in the to decided most Mr. he (thePresident). months. which was illustrate this process.they Collins's the pivoted by seen origin. at patienthaving mentioned. that the notched away when they are of who many it But hand. valuable extremely smashed interest put forward and She graph photo- a which paper (Mr.and doubt the have J. he noted between the his which of reflex amaurosis.and said. with must to denticle If this iconoclastic paper contribution. student a Lawson more believed he as was ophthalmic surgeon. as the lateral tooth a Coleman trouble.amongst expressed whether suffered from Mr. done. dental by be no duty about to did lesion to way.with which one remain submitted. and hereditarysyphilis. Dr. that as Tomes Mr. extracted who and . not occurred hospital. is. the himself. . of ulceration of the first oculists in one her in the orthodox ulceration ten. should the illustrating and cause tooth example It at to as put this fact an allusion time terms to number. idols. expressed causing reference while in which iritis. on connection a remembered be fact which a had expressed doubtful of suffermg three consulted . case Mr. other and way. cases.the seven taken was classed pivoted. treated their conclusions at to true a Dr. appearance just read. or she the to was it among effect. the caused was should in himself was the was for always felt it case be to he exhibited to had amaurosis thought broken expressed his opinionon between he this had this whenever of way he and hospital. he unanimous Mr.178 THE Ophthalmic curious notice how to the confound to incisors exhibit of teeth often the which The served had Collins appeared the which was case first taken Lawson being the in no opinion. record. Power. feeling in F. not clear a temporary disappeared. ulceration the himself acquaintance. Mr. to notched by hastily jump so said. she molar iritis occasion. of than one of up. Bennett) it was due was dental guarded cornea. at triple denticles normally defective enamel instances abundant normal years before some had surgeon RECORD DENTAL London. Bennett case permanent often Hutchinsonian he sure him thanking some the appeared Collins reference quite was accept their fate and to the which results. of tracing difficulty case After was different a little child a from this was four or Mr.aged attributed the a the only expressingthe his had some not or seen Albert Mr. It better know with down ground central to President should first cut. Dr.

his most read dental on quite removed were like it. W. hoped that hypothesisto mere constitutional be related to each dental affording grounds speaking from was connection surgeons certain eightyears cases any definite. to Mr. there and teeth. the forward brought diseases of the eye and conditions. Critchett. of the DENTAL might shown were help thinking that M there 2 .but own of teeth bad very was Those was patient. teeth cut stunted intervals. than ever a more thought that there existed now very strong the relation they were. so been certain his the and could one for details work of the eye eye careful notes supposing a might give He upon. there coincident abscess no there suspicionof would normal were did pecularities. by to.nor of the effect. seen indeed. It there and were were and almost few very the necks The suggest not. was the would paper the induce evidence between read in Hunt of the eye and teeth. and no wished coincident cellulitis. Power Mr.though Some recurrence .that own diseases removing other. He be erupted to he about there existed permanent which upon about not A case to The serum. between all the the no between found were connection had paper and evidence ago. when to long at not pre-ophthalmoscopic post-ophthalmoscopic. he that ophthalmic that Dr. they were occasion sound. or was dental conditions.and a When as connection he had of taken something was It connection He thought to profession the cutting present when was a conditions CoUins's examine sceptical carefully very supposed CoUins's which paper between Dr. S. a only. pointed. attacks peculiarcondition a stunted small very the of the and cause a repeated There teeth. and he have not said and one be affected .THF C. he other. there any from that extent teeth which rather never with he did and cellulitis. It did teeth. was 179 RKCORD. the were a of case dying.and Mr. But interesting paper. mind. times. in his could the very of the Mr. lest the other local disturbances not Collins experience.peglike very enamel. with being a teeth. there long Hunt. produced a suspicionthat of after the Yeovil.and remembered in support as inflammatorycondition. Collins case patientwas very teeth. Tomes Mr. of any Dr. They might required. had of alluded mouth. with seemed only suppuration. teeth saw of the in the first instance. think he could effect. case her concomitant that cellulitis was occur But A. and cause period.but be of the believed. which remarkable a word one say stunted. sort Dr. of any But tion inflamma- see the condition connect had she hardly any any not girl.

to very disturbances mention to Power In success. dentists in on urged the recording . over and eye might of be superior a so much decayed had been subjected removal of the the same stump. between eye Ophthalmic Hospital. was were for in lachrymation disappearedon the extraction he patient had affect the . Mr. of with attended he these teeth of said. on the the the thought the the mouth in finallyto he the than be attended tooth. by RECORD. CoLYER treated DENTAL cases. similar between He other. in which. lachrymationon severe supernumerary cure saw operated upon. the to teeth.also importance the breaking glaucoma. Mr. carious bicuspid-like lachrymation. side decayed teeth. the the tooth left. glaucoma might removal Mr paper.but the to was removal dentists paper. and was stumps. Morton sometimes be wished the the exposed Smale jump After Mr.which in Paterson result the recurred.180 THE be might connection a diseases of the and F. functional teeth. to teeth. him corneal sHght Shortly after. of case a Westminster thought indebted been of temporary much had of the got well.but Another after of pulp of little more this case tooth the was of the of comparing Mr.which treatment and of one sent was be due by glaucoma which the either case the he had their idols. between J. he This had by continued. listened alluded the canine have as to to abscesses side. Mr. Paterson Mr. and be and had and Smale. irritation stump when good order.a colleagueat case they might probably thought Power's the on Smale that Dr. molar nerve. thought glaucoma connection nervous he some the a almost an were which expressingthe pleasure with a Westminster Power's about think conditions there of of some to related which fore there- up began observe of vanished conclusion ophthalmistsco-operatingwith the they should accordingly removed notwithstanding of little inclined a Smale After spiteof which that abscessed. he very the eye a Things went on glaucoma . the it had dead. ulcer without pressing on was corneal lesion Mr. nicelyindeed very fellow a of too. congratulated obvious view expectedto the cause. and deca3^edstumps case On neglectfulin failingto him Hospitalsent his there hasty conclusions. tooth. and so patient again. for done him when so when year. which figpip a of that Mr. hardly paper.and at their idols. bowled mentioned with Mr.who and CoUins glaucoma hardly left him. in and the putting the the to of student.

were F. had had . none concluded communications casual Mr. model aged no following gentlemen membership Bullen. A. same young. Dental Hospital. sufferingfrom the other having the the in particularly where then was of side healthy the usual the the antral Mr. side illumination. Castellotte.had while two had sister. with model upper girlwith the bicuspidwhich second the was long too bicuspid. " The H. to of the retention to showed Bullen model a nearly always edge Mr. ScANES darkened replied. Society: " A. 1891. confirmed. Trewby.and in molar. Messrs. were a one The there of thanks Students' meeting small neighbourhood votes Ordinary A on closed. the held more being called bicuspidand upper for. of these. was of translucence very the canthus placedin was following gentlemen having signed the obligationbook admitted L.. Hay misplaced a of the Dodson. was A. meeting. Esq. S.and condition. and read May region Meeting. ward. L. reflector mouth. B. male of then patientswere two a empyema side a 181 RECORD. Watson. whose a of were of second these bite the cases a an a in the due to lower. of the of decided. CoYSH teeth. H. no laterals The or a laterals canines patient.DENTAL THE Dr. Williams. possessed normal teeth. Mr. probably bicuspidsin teeth that was model showed one it well-developed Hutchinsonian edge. of in the chair. scarlet fever when measles. proposed Society : electric bulb external was only. E. Austen. 23. W.and showed wanted to know placed close Mr. the on V. the Messrs. E. President were the face incandescent Society. Lloyd February 9th.and upper. Hope The minutes of the previous and membership the for Fennings. London General side of a each female. the infiltration existed The antrum other in examined projectedthe lightupwards which which the and being healthy. Collins Dr. in canine a Allin showed female patient. temporary also of why second Castelotte each side. but . On a the to E. H. the and no mother.who on in the also her small-pox. briefly Spicer's One room.

with agree and they and cases Balding preferredputting in of not had plug in. with met J. devitalized been lasted a a as he if the case anything fillingwas root a took everybody thought he used for his Balding In history. Mr. For fillinghe preferredgutta percha pointsused five drilled directed abscess putting about soft a teeth. matter. tooth. and each on other. he abscessed with out wool after meals. or him a of case always bothered in his read discussion had change small a 159). Coysh thought that not enough stress was laid on removing . with the May mentioned an to percussion. full lower converted CoLYER side . P. and large Donaldson's fine wire thought of root notes Seymour it did not else. perform rhizodontrophy. cases them plaincotton two not once. the President Mr. mopped Seymour central a good did first. canals Mr. In he page opening the who it. With regard To to much a fillingof cotton mentioned remove a nerve He bristle. just as had a thanked Mr. He perforated. a DENTAL patient to permanent without dipping in chloroform." Treat- and and three dressed sound being such what Balding whether which. with pulp. Colyer would be the and would to great advantage after put into be best root latelyseen Mr. put gold soon reallythe had Mr.and calcified E.1^2 THE Mr. Mr. which thus and creosote lettingthe he fillingfor out the iodoform. and incisor or Mr. was with model upper on molar. in gutta wool the kind of he filling would after it thought percha solution and it fillings. The on it into converse in upper impressiontray an there RECORD. and left the drain. on showed side one behind. an which clips. Pakris being showed attached Mr. a it out taking soldier a being for his paper in the do for the first time only all front. asked deal. interruptedtray. which fifteen years.he splitting and or six months and Inaugural Address. the tooth sound always bled. He paper. j he creosote. Mr. Teeth Dead " on a he In pain sensitive was found a partly then called their ment. of case teeth then Balding would canals the laterals two in tooth large a a on (See Mr. the not. Smith gold fillingat root one of complained .

the the of the pain ever putting in wait said of the first a five the about his recently antiseptics. oxysulphateon the making fine canals. record called all the on Mr. to be to present that Colyer about passing away. what the of forms. value of short time which obtained back He details of would to have persisted. Mr. which percha points to hear regard number a vigorous applicationof agree With those prepared the gutta too as said with been of alveolar cases the could months. and the to had wood acid. of danger used was in his a opinion introducing septic matter. Dr. from occasioned root. by forcinghard was what to Dolamore Mr. very the eucalyptus and disease. Preedy objected " "pulplessteeth would opening separate to prepared before of properties arsenious table placing it canals he canals old cases to insert osteo The and root cases much and remove and President suggested a so used carbolic where wool the drill of facilitate the in introduction septicdentine in For his filling wood pulps with or fully antiseptic Miller the a cases be the acid. were placedit among It He Smith Mr. with the roots effect of carbolic acid Society. and roots arsenious thought those overrated. Miller. . especiallyin at get '*dead term much be exposed by erosion. in most on could thought Balding vigorousat too beyond got a but preferredto filled. collective record to in reference to sure was follow. if the permanent the be the apex Dr. very had the Librarian due had reminded investigation. in then to canals." canals. with the value on of the of collective gentlemen result. soon once Mr.as mischief apex. from to abscess. too did you that the Gates-GHdden Immediate not run drill fillingwas root much so 183 RECORD. and iodoform. thought treating the teeth. that oxychloridefor large an perishedfrom points in below advocated poincs with acid He better. pain vis-a-tergo. the Haksant. remarked certain number fiUingsthey did. He canals. as often.DENTAL THE debris from the canals. He gold plug six or as soon of liked to not published paper. He should then investigation.but those May Mr. Mr. all to cases of the liningthe make the and filling. and great deal best. was if septicmaterial regard important not Mr. by the advocated considered devitalized use and cavityshould percha points for gutta advised round. dressing.

it to the reply to Mr.. but a importance those to and communications. of use easily. closing the for time the usual of Mr.D. has MetropolitanHospital. Surgeon Dentist. G. he did it points as President for his on The Coleman. Wk Mr. then and paper. for half had after loose a them made said. what result roots objectof filling it of it every he Smith.who his Barton residence.he blind the and he May." in the terminated. Weeks. Mr. Sibley Dentist W.S. Reed. been appointed . Mr. Bristol.C. wool. disease at to the announce death. replyto hour. made them much In If he To how proposed vote the canal quite Preedy. Coysh.it being past Balding briefly meeting. gutta percha points slide up the made stick was of case of iodoform. Surgeon Read. filling a cotton since. regret E. Mr.184 THE DENTAL RECORD. mentioned percha gutta W. was The casual chief think this he small. when iMethods in Mr. would Dentures Retaining Artificial proceedings then a read to Mr. to seen never him with hospital in cases the also Colyer had Mr. OBITUARY.He the in the Seymour. abscess. to stop an immediately tooth in Balding.S.as again. APPOINTMENT.and likelywere very should The day. March it in his paper. Balding forward brought meeting a paper be would " on The Mouth. merely was the to as canal.changing antiseptic chloroform of plug a troub'e any he remembered said he inserted bleeding. to the L. difficult to very practice. to reply.. of thanks had gentleman who announced the next C.and reply to canal. lower in molar. 9th. filled so long done. S. thought the did not a all debris from leaving arsenic authority of too Mr.on and February heart 12th. R. and apex. after died of ten days' illness. a unable. the close to was the found himself.Eng. he quite agreed alluded advocate not the on have to the and away importanceof carefully removing intended reply to regard to find out patients went In In tooth with a Witn canal. after trying was of dressingin.of pneumonia House. of which withdrawing given quite agreed that leave of the roots one not Mr.

to from registerat notification should qualifiedmen do of removal in a town Registrar notably to the could of such are the somehow the omission Register in of effecting this in 1876 (the first time 22. strict and be. error. APR. deadly U891. LONDON: RECORD. and not well. it now of all persons due of they as to who insure have professional men business and and small no the ments improve- praise is changes. Various noted be if the done it their made earlier date should are aid to effect reported be to who much Registrar. THE A of SENSE for prepared such fine the instant an is which profession of much dependent In columns. be regards sympathy case every as expunged.163 . The estimate contains the was names due displayed determination beneficial an inform to present yearns Registers. DENTAL THE Register^ made). of tained con- 29. things of The better in most men goes well-being the bulwarks Register.200 and names other . of sense mean " invasion of the be to occasion taking place cry dental going been be ! night the to a When oft reiterated the a been incursion an said securityhas of narcotics. be to " those local and may polity how well too into of what heretofore. DENTAL 185 RECORD.and such be Deaths kept a in its should alterations the Registrar for the energy in they . and only have registration. of but and measure lulled dental the machinery supervision village or and given from names this died. freshly qualifiedmen once. the to of many of removal case we registration redundance or in every seem easily be deaths. issue.THE REGISTERS. know local upon nowadays of fear sleep by to small are than been work the absence complete should have inaccuracies no be to Registers. very responsible for urged minds All " the contentment the Dental is doubtless are men's and drowsy one the old and '* the less lulled applies trope same is far wnen as of one requires there watchman wholly prejudicialto called the The well.

87 percent. Registrar supplement numbers at of to be there are now various some names towns seen. year viz. of operation list of such those of 4. the The diminution. 472. per per an with registrable includes shows continuous continuous as has date been numbers a Privy Council.41 During DENTAL the making under a the they practise.806 practitioners or increase. steady a other having has causes accordance in qualifiedto practise. or practitioners in 1879. that The 1879. thus from time July or 229 22. numbers given.846 students England. while. 7. in Scotland.which Act of dentists in 167 Register contains qualificationsnow Dentists' of names of and and for average Medical Act the Universities The number direction II..205. The tered. arranged practitioners. been and 1890. by Part the in the Medical Council to 462 Register. 1 that in The 89 1. shown and the been ''in cent..87 in registered shown hand. Students' they afford headings of the remains in 643 will New 4. appended of the Medical to practitioners the names Ireland.186 THE qualifiedmedical of whom " in in the in Colonies. practitioners 62.72 over reported Colonial separate the is 1.. 1.163 registered in England.126 practitioners reflection. 637 Ireland. see on cent. thus was registered during Scotland.676 practitioners Register food of number 5." as against 90. a total surgery per 9. of Colonial Zealand.32 1878. slightly which consequence been England.. to 23. 1.289. per of increase an " 21.. have cent. of For 556.266 number a fifteen years.36 per cent. bodies 483 are fac^ 974 The also Whether to way which local list would so 1. per new deaths the first time provisions 15. the the Melbourne. in viz. his districts in reveals have the have or the 1890. be most valuable . since as of Register decrease registered are last removed other 1879 (the first Register) in appeared the names (1886).817 that showing a remaining number. regis- were recognise qualificationsconferred to which. in cent. the RECORD. 76.13 examining future or the registered in dental and for Such Of 3. that of cent.: Ireland. were passed by and and practice before of licentiates Medical The Sydney. in power gave extended. Scotland.

second Conjoint Board College of Physiciansin Ireland. Dental Conjoint Boards.or Hall. Examination. or equivalentExamination with Professional with the " the Royal Apothecaries' recognized by the . " the IRELAND. receiptfor fees. Final I. ex- certificates..at Dental from for the First Professional for w^hich College. Registrar of commencement Course SURGEONS. of held the Regulations for to referred. Licence under obtaining or find would legitimate practitioners belonging ROYAL each errors lists could the or for the who Registrar himself. College. is in Examination with Candidates Licence. " Of " Candidates having passed the Examinations under must second the produce evidence Dental or an College. concerning Bank be to OF applicationsof Candidates Dental the tor l"etos* in the The which used ^ntal COLLEGE information obtained to be local far district.under exempted will College of Surgeons. all the days prior to fourteen day fixed class to which the Candidates vSecond the either of the " Candidates are all respects the of the Examinations the are as same the option of held College Candidate.are less information. would Examinations first the from under be the second or Examinations. Examination either of the Regulations the for three concurrentlywith Candidates be Dentistry may belongs. referred.DENTAL THE both the to and also such showing town All from receive the "c. in detecting difficulty 187 RECORD.together with lodged of required to Dentistry. public protection as each to First least at Study permission for Examination be to amined. are first or second Professional similarlyexempted are the Regulations of under who. pass concurrently in Licence Candidates of the Dental Second Regulations. Conjoint Boards.who the examinations. is in all respects the as same Examination Professional Conjoint Boards.

a months engaged is recommended Candidate Dental recognized Medico-Chirurgical Hospital. .188 DENTAL THE 2. equivalent Examination. a acquiring a practicalknowledge of on second for attended six or acquiring a knowledge The of Lectures Surgery. subsequent Extern. ^ Course. first examination of the were a .and As exempt. Hospital recognized by 4. . ^ . Dental Examinations Licentiates the whom educated under were in of the conducted Dentistryare have Professional their previous examinations in England the conditions or Board payment of from exempted Examination Scotland existingin w^hich those are they such in Diploma first by or second or second admitted their whom difference in Conjoint of fees. of each. Board by Candidates conducted. the Intern least at devote certificates of Anatomy devote for to this remission Surgeon attendance at one Dental Subjectsexcept period of a as or Dentistry. Pathology. subsequent Medical General Lectures Dental the recognizedby Surgery the Council. Courses. attended having of Department Of " for two the Of having. One Metallurgy. Surger). " years the General a attended having a. Of " RECORD. months " Dental Hospitalso recognized. r T. Dental ) r ^ Dental 3. Dental a the of College. work. as practiceof passingthe to Of been having of only required to produce are Dental Hospital. J Anatomy. the for his the Conjoint on third of date at understanding Dental to passed credit obtain may the the on time Surgery Special Dental the of to years years'attendance made been after who in Physiology. Of " ^. or course one practiceof Physiology. J . and following of ^ the by registration to to Examination .^ . are that the of be must Surgery. countries. 5. d. . 1 Dental Mechanics. ^ . 6. ^ ^ Two each. having attended.. of courses College. Candidates Registered Dentist.from whole out in the instruction Diploma a one each three least at holding and has his Students Examinations Professional nine months 45 Dentistryunder of course taken Examinations Dental an Pupil.

DENTAL THE Subjects Examination.or for examination must under fees. Metallurgy. the examiner as of the Examiners conference who work Surgery. The Examination. and to carry Examiners' judgments the as 5 as to in has maximum mark permit high candidates all marks small on examination re- subjects except have Examiners been It the pass mark. perform operationson to mechanical Conference. in every each questions Dental Second in each Examination.at which expressedin numbers. each fee for the Surgery of the . and are in Professional but Surgery separately. .and at and i is examined candidate Practical and to given. at themselves Order to Five 5."2^ rejected is. Metallurgy.Clinical " Theoretical " in : " Operative. Dental Each " Days. at of knowledge Mechanical Practical being 10 and Operative Dentistry. On Candidates First " Anatomy.4 and Mechanical to have Conjoint Examination. Fees. present re-examination the taken whose candidates Dental Laboratory.from* the candidate's of in the the their portions. counterbalance to the a of Council and themselves Examination. Dental are Day first day. obtainable (Operative Dental conclusion Visitor orally 15 minutes. for Surgery Oental Mechanics i Candidates " Dental 189 RECORD.m.and part of the Examination one in deficiencies days presides.ii Surgery. work Final discretion in which of shall direct. in Diploma a Examination Boards. Fourth full schedule Clinical Dental Mechanics. Operative. model. and and Dental Anatomy. Dental periodof a Hospital. " Fee re-examintion Final for First and fee for Examination Second Candidates. General As Surgery " Third for either of the Candidates Surgery. is Surgery.are (Oral). " these Surgery and are (Written). for Examiners competent Surgery is held. Day of the Third in the are Candidates SpecialSubjectsor lodge the case in passed the Examination. of subjects p. the Member Rejected answering is tested. Conjoint Surgicalportionof the present may hold Third a from exempt 2 who Professional power in that satisfactory subject. out such examined required the At " has acted as for each in obtained act exempt of other must Surgery. of Mechanics. for the Clinical and in Dentistry). of Licentiates The in ""] 7s. examined are Theoretical.in the cases is Examinations 3s.

has and be a of character..that so. two Ireland. during the past the of other a tion declara- declaration.or Fee Royal College of Surgeons cuRRicuLO. . Candidates names All 5s. for re-examination.1878. receivingthe diploma. candidates Extra los.The unbecoming as sine examination. also contain terms of other that tj I itpivards^ and of age done the made by advertising or herebydeclare Dental have Dentist a following declaration of. attracted The Dentistry are hereinafter candidate at two applicant is by admit who practiceof Dentistry before July. "12 For 5s. . whose education. as application applicationof College the to in to to 5s. required fee. practicebefore Fellows. SpecialExamination.190 THE College Dental and "^ rejected. presentation forth. returned not are RECORD. "^ for Candidates to rejected. Licentiate violatingthis undertaking will be liable to have 1 . 1878. sine to College.and required by of Bank power were Dental be fail may Licence the who who fees to the at for curriculo. Members. if "10 rejected. The " are Council has the on the certificates of the schedule by any and certificate the by The signed by by of the in for of or of Dental as take required to Surgery of the Royal lofigas I hold the same^ by other any and beingproven^ Any I agree to the a College in the the before before Royal the effect in engaged the not. sine curriculo the are same candidates. receiving the shall seek : Diploma. Fees other be themselves. /. students. accompanied set Licentiates [or moral business Dental for Final coming furnish to Odontological Society]to the good laid down examination or unable examination or applicantsubscribing to the hereinafter years July. the of Surgery must application Examinations " shall members two for all candidates and Declaration. DENTAL by the shall President business tising adver- be unbe- cancelled and so by Collegeto be in its on Council. Examinations "2^^ if Fee. that the obtainable Surgeons. and Dental have present credit of the on foregoing regulations. form.was candidates fees for Candidates. general or professional in Ireland practices. a on in the they may lodged of Register. are " that I be granted to attract practiceconsidered such Diploma of the satisfaction of British twenty am the -one Diploma and College of Snrgeotisin Irela^id^ I ivill not that certificate. two Association. re-examination 12s.setting forth Licentiates Surgeons of years.

and the be at the prevented College.who set there. . on the of study enjoined by 1890.must the examination five pay which from show guineas in Age conferred be of Moral and on Character. report. and Schedule suffering poor.and the official Dental from erased Special Examinations. Candidate any plemental Sup- Council the addition subjectsfor examination. thetics) anaes- 1874.under success at In of the tution Insti- treated site.Leicester of Sir Edwin congratulatedthe the year . and. on the to if character. are the same a College specialcause). moral good of they seek.together these Meeting of the attended. unfortunately. Registrar of the 12th of is certified. Treasurer was unanimously adopted.770 in Hospitalwas not unless candidate schedule has of and Saunders. London. The out the seeking a Specialor applicationto Royal College of Surgeons (and admitted Licence Register. years. the age under to application on must and Licence for the different Dental candidates candidate The " Study of evidences Schedule. the Lecturers witnessed be will the forth in appears must Hospital..764 cases and necessary same. treated in to during painlessly(under number the Committee Hospitalcontinues been the presidency Trustee. Certification the present The which by Schedules made the his of attested the present the schedule by to the documents and Declaration Dubhn is retained fulfilled the by the Hospital. the If the by in the presenting himself Square. Managing having of them to its present must Registrar. " Examination his have to 191 RECORD. the he on thereon. also afford to the his presence from Annual 33rd in the schedule College as of course Registrarof of the necessary countersignthe The The carrying Dentistryis The study. a large being 26. which . and 21 Registrarof the all other by above Examinations Hospital which receiptfor lodgment declaration of of his attendances entries the bank then mode in " of courses number that the duly are of Schedule. he the Governors removed with fees. by the exact see Registrarof must. when That. in which from absence of fees laid down.the his the School or lodged so Candidate has regulations. the fees. this Institution Senior the held was the ult.and the those as SpecialExamination.THE his DENTAL Diploma cancelled.sign that of the by he evidence the continued the great benefits which excess He . the Candidates make must thereto. on number School candidate of The accurately are examination as Dental a obtainable College. 48. Each Hospital form are the shall College.

Monthly other Essays intended adjudicationof the after the other or and December. announce in their . a Candidate printed than be must copy of by authorityof English language.." The is open and Sterling. Gibson.192 DRNTAL THE there and the mortgage ^"2.133 . and income to the reliable an gratifying testimony of the interest taken by the public in the charity. at the Victoria of Patients attended under " . Miscellaneous Oxide Dental Dental Manchester.a prize is hereby offered for the We to are the best essay forms Diseases. which must received the by Secretarynot later Each Essay bear must the envelope bearing The inside. A. accompanied by a sealed outside motto same successful and expense. rendered indispensablynecessary had of the Committee The wants pleasurein Managing Charity. it being increase in Annual announcing the continued Subscriptions. the different forms of One Prize is of the value in Carbon of Effects of Carbonic the Curative On " " 1. addition of the Hospital.. space In present of three months and name motto. it should be introduced.. Secretary.500remaining of was for funds they urgently appealed this selv^es of RECORD. London. nevertheless. of Pounds 31st G.ooo. greatlyextend of Royal College of Physicians P Subscribers Annual new they confidently hoped and next that desirable most was Bequest. to and Author's the publish his it to the Essay College within of the the Council Statements of London. a and in the fever Hundred Competitors of all nations. i^gi.D. to Gas Acid of Cholera. for be be written competition. 1892. Fellow of College.. for Square. The it to enable Report is Charity be to able SubscriptionList Annual an unendowed. February. {Children 14. and M. the own Prize. cf funds additional and to over would its usefulness. the on them the for incurred encumbrance. rid them- to of extension the the meet to growing Hospital. of Irregularities the Teeth Artificial Crowns . of the Bequest made requested to state that in the terms of of Physicians Edinburgh by the late Dr. Adults Under Gold Nitrous Fillings Plastic do.^i.. operations performed Leicester name his at ()thMarch. Royal College the John Parkin. Hospital Hospital of Manchester. debts enable to Hospital... Number the College. N ARKi Edinburgh.

of Clouston. very larger than the forms and width the of mouth. 1876.* By I a dwell to propose in the occur to not DO Dr. Clay Shaw. teeth palate circle in front a down "\Journal of Mental VOL. shape consists when palate part normal in the but good. XI.very my in any not circle whose a on embryonic stage regular curves. K the . formative and interesting.t observations the conclusion had is shaped. both the teratologicaldefects that opinion. or it affords. not and noticed was and " there is no in measurements accurate necessary degree of mental Odonto-Chirurgical Society Science. Dr. " be "- V incisors abnormality. RECORD. Long it ago while in this shaped instead it was idiocy and of sane after between *A by also attached was Langdon that had idiots many high " V high palate and the that the is apt Down to as this very high. The constitution in regard logical important morpho- developmental hard in life. very in the change of this change The in and sections somewhat any of the in indication of the the of arch of brain to as formed The radius by lateral line the is not dome is much importance palate. shows high. and congenital imbecility.came of much series of careful a line saddle- or forming part theory by showing many the in idiots the So canines.bad which and viz. S. nem'oses. MAY Cnmmunirattnns. . July. 18U1. palate.except direct effects of the typical. of put to a the importance persons idiots. Ist. of characteristic observations normal often the round to very upset this that palates. Further Paper read before XI. connexion capacity of of Scotland. rtgtnal THE HARD No.and. that class that "V" but regularly arched. of many accompaniment a T. PALATE IN RELATION ITS TO BRAIN DEVELOPMENT. antero-posterior of the teeth.The dental Vol..and "-shaped palates. Dr.

Robert morphology alveolar lines backward square. are The facts. outlines their surfaces the of the edge. a space.the their to from the cuttingedge short and heav

Related Interests

. that skull. which arch either from often teeth continues being between long of the of its the overlap backward the for character. and well are gum in are tact con- cutting edge.D. are closelylocked. temperament nervous two they distance delicate and to distal and the the lap over- teeth of the is dense. the of the is festooned and and base. and narrow a synostosisof conclusions and temperaments.in the of the only partiallytrue. of the remaining the greatest prominence line bi-cuspid. the and firm. breadth. and pointed distance of the The gum mesial from strong.S. in this class length predominating are in the points slightlydiverging dome resembles high and the all indicative from squareness. and in proportion festoon The degree over The half two-thirds in high long dense are horse-shoe form is cuspid to the rather are they structure general of the incisors general form and down in manner is central frequentlybite edge in less than more is their curved. In mouth the semicircular. presents is sometimes From the slightcurve. tending corners each articulated. present varieties worth straight line. generalizationabout next Types. pterygoid width narrow and principles. almost The his and manifestly incomplete are American also ciated assohigh palate is invariably a premature being part gum ''The of with The as mouth.D. lower. preceding. and these from . rendering the a who of roof dome cuspid upper contact gradually worn are of texture neck. The " the teeth sanguine mouth they artificial arch In means. almost an almost large.. and arch of the over bilious When S. and in outline. first the strong a spoken central trast con- of as incisors. and of teeth advances by is is close surfaces The in close are on temperaments.. and the of attention." He with it has " a palate I " article looks them on "the the several his Facial shape arch of the the flat.191 THK individual. of want with cuspid and The dome masticating unless and as age protected proportioned. to the and temperament to breadth surfaces proximal of the tooth. wrong He pointed nothing Shaw's But DFNT. and rounded little a the festoon " The to Gothic. teeth. tiie " do to beyond find that out measurements clearly go RRtoRD. which in in Dental says." by articulation the skull System of Dentistry(Leitch). articulation to are and shape.AI. the are done Ivy. The roof of the mouth .

rUh

partakes of
of the

the

teeth

same

is not

temperament

close
of

are

length predominates

the

and

and

cusps
of

contact

the

"

The

somewhat
roof

or

mouth

of the

either

thick
is

entirelyabsent
indefinite

and

I do

Now,
like the

others, it

this literature

of the

staff at

medical

have

brought

made

during

examination

of

trying to

therefore
in

size and

the hollows

of the

specialparts

of

of

shape

and

form

the

are
one

small
two

in

divergent ;
side and

side ; while

some

passes
in others

'^

the

of

over

there

a

I

of the

both

or

is

gum

sides

the

supplement

can

and

of

by

incisor
some

acknowledge

my

great

careful

the

at

of shoulder

*

Coles's

modes

for in

of

the

to
next

those

ments
agree-

round

or

case

the

where

the

alveoli

that

others

they

one

the

teeth

of the

the teeth

By Oakley Coles.

and

cavities,like

across

from

once

and

incomplete,

lines

of

preliminary
insane

sane,

in
parallel,

regularsemicircle

Ezard,

differences and

lines

almost

begins

the Month.

Mr.

and

teeth, in others

the

"

have

irregularovoid

cases,

Wilson
we

Oakley

the

our

subject that

impossible ;

me

is a sort

of
Deformities

dominates
pre-

facts that I and

very

palates of

series

arch
a

irregular

illustrate his ideas.

Macleod,

express

cavity are

the
in

also to

Shaw

To

; in

palatesmeet
sides

of

to

greatest height is just behind
hard

this

After

different

seemed

them,

dome

elevations

Robertson, Elkins,and

Clay

a

palatein

is

either

on

further

I have

methods.

misleading

festoon

palate accurately were

the

measure

The

shape,breadth

I think

Bowman

Mr.

that both

idiots, I concluded
of

Drs.

"

hundreds

many

In

lateral

some

professionin Edinburgh.

dental

outline, and

articulation

The

investigationinto

Smith,

its

depressionsand

truth.

palateby

an

in

generalizationis altogetherreliable,
but,

past year, and

Dr.

obligations
our

in

the

to

hard

point of

cutting edge, giving

gives figuresto

some

Morningside

out

normal

The

He

contains

The

undefined.

believe this

not

is

lateral,

a

The

fine.

and

protrude.

to

in outhne.

of line."

frequentlyout

of

sanguine temperament.

the

or

shape,

of the centrals

semicircular

low.

apt

length, and

over
are

of the

are

In

appearance

the

this

to

gum.

is flat and

teeth

front

articulation

belonging

corner

the

near

The

structure.

long

is

is almost

that

resembles

the

and

the

lymphatic arch

teeth

distal

are

surfaces

to

the

almost

tooth

cutting edges

festoon

arch.

and

density

breadth, the

whole

the

as

long, and

average

proximal

long, delicate

a

angle

but

over

the

rounded, giving

and

curve

1 !)5

RbX'OKD.

DKNTAl.

on

on

other
each

196

THK

side, with
others

a

the

the

from

palaterises

the

In

the

shape,

would

have

sections

while
done

consideration

he

The

I

second

It has

a

more

much
a

largerpart

''

Deformed

most
'"

and

higher

of
"

side of the teeth

I have

the

to

the

hollows

which

saddle-shaped,
"

Deformed

"

this

but

shape

of

the

third,

the

that

hardly say that, like

one's

there
best

into, and
them

were

a

judgment
two

more

with

the

include, in
the

ossification,
the

"V

cup-

By

"

far

acutely

or

"Neurotic"

and

prognathism,

connexion

necessary

marked

centre.

to cause

as

so

the

each

on

join,and

the

both

but

top either

the

line of

were

by

call the

shoulder

in the

class

a

is formed

at

the

given.

with

the

palate.

imperceptiblyinto

ran

no

dome

run

I would

and

cases

of

some

have

to

me

to

saddle-shape,all

jaws projectedforwards
to

which

of

Deformed,"

''

Ivy's

to

be

to

this class I would

some

first

wide

tending

intermaxillarybones

In

however.

seemed

I need

so

the

majority of

The

reasons

narrow,

In

in

fall into

to

me

was

way

groups.

class

bulgings along

find

we

best

to

of

account

or

the

great depressionswhere

the

no

careful

shapes,all abnormal,

high, very

central

that

''Typical,"and

third

various

middle

very

regularand

for

roof

The

common

the

in

sanguine temperament."

the

the

of

impression

corresponds

alveoli

than

described.

more

asymmetries,marked
shaped

the

saddle-shaped,on

or

"

Neurotic,"

circle.

is very

form

but

of the

dome,

It is of

palate.

"-shaped

addition

"

Tt

low

and

arch, with

smaller

a

common

V

arch,"

narrower

best

three

"Normal."

greater distance

a

the

seemed

into

them

or

call the

Gothic

parallelfor

divide

is characteristic

would

incisors, in others

simplest and

of ^hem

Related Interests

"-

"

through

unsymmetrical

so

in

angle

a

section

peculiarities.After

the

most

obtuse

forming

the

give

while

;

an

longitudinal section

that

horse-shoe

says

behind

would

their

"Typical"

"

of the

to

was,

call the

what

exhibited

at

horizontal

palateswere

I considered

That

naturally.
section

Some

between

middle, and

others

a

classification that

a

I would

others

so.

have

could

adopt

in

the

palates,a

some

posterior molars,

their

of

of

case

arch

acute

straight lines

in

in
posteriorbicuspids,

two

through

to

in two

teeth, meeting high

shaped cavity.

RECORD.

high, saddle-hke.

narrow,

again

DKNTAL

persons

each

other

number
in

of

were

in
too

the

three classes

line of

demarcation,

things in Nature,
with

cases

no

abrupt

where

simply had

one

the

class

they

regard to

those

cases,

determining

might,

differently.These

all

few, however,

to

were

to

have

affect the

to

be

use

put

classified

general

result,
or

of

most

other

class.

The

first

palatesof

this

in

we

all the

in

school

advanced

Macleod

Bowman

been

taken

for

604

persons

of

cent,

to

for the

his which

ordinary

different

be

We

the

by

next,
inmates

all the

of

No

imbecility.

to

he

of

classes

and

of Dr.

kindness

the

Leslie

of

"

Typical
61

abnormality in

per

the

and

base

of

and

palate on

thus

have

congenital
I

results

Larbert

these

11

the

"

"

were

found

is,we

about

am

altogether
cent,

were

Neurotic,"

and
of

degree

average
the

the

class of

patientswe

per

far greater than

being

the

abnormality
palatesof

worst

and

the

the

palatesamong
only

average

These
the

a

fact of

idiots

and
of the

were

insane

importance
three

over

palateswere
Less

deformed.

than

the

to

times
than

of

the
more

among

while
typical,
one-fifth

to

the

skull-base
that

doubt

index

palate some

con-

account

of the

reasonable

congenitalimbeciles
idiot

into

the

maxillarybone

upper

any

great
are

taking

dependence

hard

very

populationare

results

the

have

can

the

of

and

sane,

necessary

physician. There

one-tenth

of them

the

the

brain,

shape

and

difiference between

enormous

and

skull,and
in the

the

of
relationship

necessary

development,

among

the

cent,

per

Larbert,

untrainable

the

; of

Deformed,"

"

idiocyand

most

To

defect

palates,28

cent.

considering

one

close

of the

mental

"

deformed

genitallyweak-minded

thirds

per

them.

all among

and

40*5
19

at

Royal Asylum, making

that
general population,

the

No

in the

of

that

striking.

more

congenital

than

less

among

still

be

have

to

no

found

we

for Imbeciles

and

worst

very

congenital cases

cases

found

up

Skene, examined

Mr.

and

Institution

National

the

doubt

might
our

169

had

made

Neurotic," and

"

cent.

which

This

these

of the

casts

and

dentistry.
Of

Asylum,

and
classes,

the

use

by him,

ages.

per

of the

educated

to

had

fullyrepresented there, so

not

are

state

added

For

more

containing patientsexhibiting every degree
idiots

this classification.
servants

me

purposes

Typical,"40-5

"

the

Deformed.''

"

cent.

the

in

kindly allowed

palatesin 363 patientsof

per

stood

one

how

ascertain

to

all the officials and

examined
an

fallingreadilyinto

investigationwas

general population

this purpose

Mr.

examined

palates we

thing

the

boys

the

197

RECORD.

DENTAL

THE

the

we

brain

logist
anthropodeformed
the

sane,
two-

over

of the

palates

of

palates

deformed.

naturallysuggested
sufferingfrom

an

examination

acquired insanity.

We

Ihe

found

that

198

THE

out

of

23

per

"

had

cent,

where
had

in

for

several

of

either

acute

which

many

insanity appeared
that
I

separatelyfrom

cases,

and

the

found
"

with

By

permission of

kind

the

Scotland, I

was

Prison

the

on

minor

the

kind

to

29th

October

and

kind,

171

such

"Typical''
less than

of

55
"

abnormal

"

the

cent.),though

per

the

and

had

far

idiots

"

Deformed
brain

and

of the

mental
with

synonymous
the

palates.

lunatics

conclusions

idea

that

so

brain
stand

and

the

mental

alike.

of the

"

In

so

need

action

in

far

Benedikl,

habitual

as

criminal

and
of

of

example
them

of

cent,

35

large

our

cent.

per

index

palateis any

detail

necessarilybe
"

the

criminals

this confirms

some

anthropologists,such

it does
is

fair

a

not

it goes,

criminal
but

face

standard

and
the

as

are

dangerous

in

per

which

continental

and

22

of

"degenerate"

class

Neurotic,"

far, therefore,

development

Despine, Lombroso,

broso's

"

They

less

be

to

and

number,

"c.

average

me

are

mostly

were,

"degenerate"

cent.

In

to

These

been

the

two-thirds

seemed

in

per

of

any

Edinburgh

i8qo.

have

for

Prisons

the

of the

are

below

and

286

were

Typical," 43

"

offences

them

Fully

mentally.

criminal

They

cities.

prisonersin

reputed criminals

and

appearance,

lesser

the

of H.M.

3rd November,

and

development. They

human

as

had

greater among

all the

large proportion of

a

and

stature

and

61

Commissioners

prisoners,whose

habitual

bodily

class

of

tabulated

no

theft, assault, disorderlyconduct,

"

them

of

many

the

examine

allowed

chieflyshort-sentence

"

and

with

number

in

dementia

imbeciles.

and

of

under

approached closely the

much

was

We

only

In the

(55 against

degree of abnormality

average

recover,

insane

adolescent

congenitallyweak-minded

not

long
forms

labouring

palates,and

palates.

I had

all the

secondary

I

exist.

labourmg

as

the

cent,

per

patients

to

those

was

patients.

Neurotic"

''

palates,therefore, the

do

they

12

the

high, and

that

my

of

hereditaryof

under

of

rest

Deformed

"

if

end

be

to

were

"Deformed"

known

palates of

case

every

cases

The

majority

most

insanity,or

I

cent,

per

with

cent,

per

these

of

the

was

took

such

them

palates,33

this

adolescent
of

the

that

they

cent,

per

heredity was

''

disease

mental

noticed

44

the

far

by

mental

or

years

demonstrated

ago

in

''Deformed.''

cent.

per

comprehend

to

"adolescent

under

33

strong neurotic

a

Royal Edinburgh Asylum, only

'Typical" palates;

and

seemed

RECORD.

in the

patientsexamined

592

Neurotic,"

cases

DENTAL

a

not
'

confirm

reversion

"

Lomto

the

THE

type of

savage

have
year

class,and,
small

as

shall

we

of

prison with

these,four

bodily defect

seemed

mothers,

seems

the

if it will be

as

mothers

examined

found

that

of the

rest

By
the

the

very

difficult

to

table

shows

37 the

aged

who

persons

quite alters
the

above

If

a

the

the

the

thus

for their

and

Asylum,

cent,

per

differinglittlefrom

to the

and

base

absolute

in the
has

so

of

of them

many

of

palate. The

the

Governor

that

absorption

the

Three

of Persons

and

upper

of the skull

drawn

monkey
a

inmates, but

The

of

as

fall in

to

seen

the

and

it

the

was

very

alveoli

in

accompanying

Types of

maxillary bone,

direct

man

it

in

the

through

the

the

the

relation

lower
anterior

centre

its

must

one

"

This

most

only just touches

to
relationship

in

:

man.

with

compared
marking

Palates

Examined.

viz.
followingconsiderations,

biain,it is
it thus

the

lost all their teeth

shape of

Classes

be

man

it

facts.

perpendicularline

while
palate,
In

had

consideringthe palate

be close

which

it was

as

hard

"

Carmichael
its

Occurrence

the

Its relation
to

seen

Dr.

their palates.
classify

into account
I.

the

Typical palates,43

"

Deformed,"

examined

we

Various

take

of

heredity,from

to escape

of

occupants

type

epilepticsin

34
had

"

permission of

Frequency of

In

degenerate

a

insane.

kind

old age

very

of them

and

City Poorhouse,

were

them

a

earlythis
to crime,
liability

unfit

their

under

Thus

innocent

no

monly
com-

prison bars.

cent,

per

four

were

of

speciallythe

Neurotic,"

"

the

20

these

impossiblefor

as

their

burst

to

We

the

unyielding tyranny

of

women

undue

an

savages

six babies

palates.

foreshadow

to

see,
be

to

all

"deformed"

or
degeneracy,insanity,
idiocy,for
the prisoncells,
in their case
which

fate and

afterwards

happened

their

had

199

RECORD.

good palates. There

in the

old

for,

man,

DENTAL

of

is

animals.

point of
the

hard

marorin.
posterior

brain

base, and

its

200

THE

would

shape
it is

merely

that

take

skull

in

changes
If the

2.

brain

the

its

how

see

we

abnormal

There

is

to

to

run

in

man

as

the

make

and

brain,

bad

a

an

of

line

the

the

least

the nasal

a

septum

palatedown

by

theory

cavity,of
foundation

on

that

which

the

to

whatever.

of

the

teeth

animal
In

and

be

show

in them

other
and

palatewas

tend
teeth

parallel

pushed

nasal

ridge

a

the

deformed

kept

palate,

side

made

the

one

reversion

a

lines of the

in

of

not

any

each

palate would

that

Where

sides of the
on

I

palate dome.

with

connected

to

which

and

in the

consisted

up

cavity.
the

down

deformity

palates,when

the

of

centre

draw^n

up,

the

making

one.

of

the

floor,seems
The

seemed

European

race

supposing the

in the

shape

it is the

of

a

palates of

palate in
''-shaped

side of it the

side instead

to

University.

difference

getting stronger,
each

the

the

resistance, into

deformity

periodthan

was

while

vaults side
5. The

later

"

mankind,

Hottentots,

approximated

were

seemed
antero-posteriorly,

vahd

size

and

reversion

from

matter

a

molar

Now,

other.

each

centre

nasal

and

aborigines upwards.

reversionaryprocess,

centre,

place at

V

bicuspid and

lines of the

palateswhere

two

it defends

of

prognathism,the

from

Those

took

"

of

races

Edinburgh

no

Australian

Apart

type.

formative

in

of

high

during development

a

and

palate,

"

a

and

"-shaped palate be

V

be

Australians

the

a

the

'*

the

can

to
parallel

by

its dome

shape

examination

brachiocephalyis

from

race

is,the

that

skull-base.

naturally determine

would

in lower

Museum

thing

such

animal

the

the

and
its

two

mine
secondarily deter-

way

of different races,

and

Anatomical

no

only

way

in the

which

this

in

careful

they
degeneration,

or

in any

nor

brain

the

naturally follow

hereditydetermining

form

a

and

dolicocephalyand
disease

bad

a

the

to

or

Americans

in the

made

ship
little relation-

shape,

high palate may

a

of animals,

extinct

the

will

heredity

that

form,

classes

most

the

maxillary bone

upper

largelydisproved by

be

will

and

monkey

compare

can

man

its size

by

growth

nervous

theory

animal

lower

in the

palate.

4. The

to

bad

a

in

growth,

ancestry, and

qualitiesfrom

one

unquestionably deriving

brain

The

3.

of the

shape

No

all.

at

place during development

brain

the

this,while

of

alimentary system, having

base, is absolutely dominated

contains, then

width

its conformation

seeing that

without
any

of the

base

the

by

part of the

a

the

to

dominated

be

RECORD.

DENTAL

upper

palate is dependent
to

me

to

be

maxillary bone

on

without
is related

the
any
to

DENTAL

THE

three

functions,

There

is

by

high

a

facial

dome

the

smell

alveolar

greatlyinfluenced

is

part of the

is affected

6. The

in

is

the

"Deformed"

that

infancy is utterly

Prognathous
animal

of

the

the

their

form

;

development
it.

on

Speech, I

palate.
due

palates are
Idiots

baseless.

in

"thumb-

to

notoriouslydon't

jaws certainlyseem
human

lower

and

be

to

type, but

do

they

"

a

"

reversion

to

an

necessarily
imply

not

high palate.

a

8. Virchow's

though

does

me

not

head,

in

premature

it may

explains the

The

We

10.

in

refer

during

the

high palate

to

a

of

face

or

heredity.

Mere

accidental

with

perfect brain

bad

a

such

type

consistent
perfectly

brain

who

The

11.

other

with
one

person

to

neurotic

in

mental

growth,

their

children's

heads

functions

motor

or

in the

altered

head,

it

belongs

and

in

his

brain

dental

arch

that

a

in

ment.
developin

one

thereby.

by

pressure

thereby.
betaken

must

the face

show

an

changes

square

of the

or

expression,

tendency

familytowards

in the

developmental

stuntedness
diseases,notably idiocy,congenital imbecility,

lawlessness

and

distinguishthe

familythat

I cannot

neurotic

in function

in
especially

and

initial

irregular
teetn,

not

adolescent
growth, deformity,epilepsy,

12.

of

growth, early

confined
artificially

morphologicalindications

whom

brain

bad

suffer

palate and

changes

if

another, and

make

vaulted

of the

its

in

expand

the

alter

don't

I

brachiocephalictypes

palate occurs

refer

we

shape are

savages

than

more

the

the head

The

idiocy,

sulci.

to

will
direction,

of

cases

high palate any

asymmetrical head,
The

few

some

of

utcvo.

must

heredity,just as

the

or
dolicocephalic

deformity of

life,
probably

irregular ossification

or

explain

explain

to

the types of cerebral

or

q.

to

seem

it

think

of

theory

the skull sutures,

a

unquestionably

dependent

shape

with

well.

suck

of

but

change

any

expression.

is interfered

arch,

by

brain, and

slightlyby

theory

sucking"

as

mastication

or

pointed

a

facial

and

expression is naturallyrelated directlyto

mental

found,

by

or

expression

facial

and
of

proof that

no

smell

viz., alimentation,
either

2")1

RECORD.

As

is

lack

criminal

any

mode

exact

help

inhibition
It

classes.

tending towards

regards the
find

of mental

in

a

in which

stud}

or

weakness

thereby is

mental

of

and
insanity,

the

death
the
mode

one

and

that
of

of

the

organic

mind
marks

that
of

extinction.

palatedeformityarises,
of

ossification of

the

202

THE

four

the

If the

anterior

that

brain

lies

hereditary

brain

narrowed,

while

normal

of

number
the

of

shape

throw
the

deform

and

up

base

skull

In

hypothesis.
of

lessening, the

of

condition

class

second

facts

into

as

of
''

of

"

with

undergone

the

with

neurotic

to
liability

the

of them

deformed,
I

15.

of

the

been

of

case

able

to

the

through, perhaps,
we

have

needed
form

to
an

seen,

stretch

acute

was

across,

angle

or

a

and

width
a

and

of

greater
so

to

this

lobes

that

Kalmuck

deformed.

index

with

go

;

often

high

with

and

keen

emotion,
such

neuroses,

It

seemed

neurotic,

to

and

me,

many

body.
otherwise,

palate. They

in

palates,they

cleft
in

floor

the

base,
of

opposite

while

of

rise up

in the

a

directions.
had

the

in the

palate bone

in

seem

in

to

nervous

with

/;/ titcvo

width

brain

My

a

often

;

of

the

neuroses.

hereditarily or

skull

that

proved

etc.

in

cleft

it had

high arch.

to

have

to

close

and

of

developmental

functional

sound

centres

centre

excessive

there

the

tendencies

ossifying
in the

meet

apt

would

process

bodily feeling