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Glossary

Lexicon
and More

Rabab Maher

IN THE NAME OF ALLAH
THE MOST GRACIOUS
THE MOST MERCIFUL

The correct definitions and connotations of
Arabic words as derived from the root and
essence of the Arabic language, and the Islamic
meanings in keeping with the Holy Qur’ān and
Sunnah. Other words and abbreviations are also
included.

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ALLAH
The proper, unique and divine name of God in Islam
Informed by Him through his holy books and messengers

Allah Yirĥamu
May Allah (SWT) have mercy on him (a Muslim).
Uttered when a Muslim returns to Allah (i.e. dies) and upon
the mention of his name; also expressed to a living Muslim
praying for Allah (SWT) to shower His mercy on him.
Female:

Allah Yirĥamha

Plural:

Allah Yirĥamhum

Al-ĥamdu-lilah
By the Grace of Allah / Praise be to Allah.

As-Salāmu ‘Alaykum
Peace Be Upon You.
A Greeting for a Muslim upon arrival and departure by
invoking one of the beautiful and perfect names of Allah
(SWT): As-Salām ~ The Perfect and Ultimate Peace.

Āyah
Literally means “sign”.
Inaccurately called a verse in the Holy Qur’ān.
Plural:

Āyāt

Burqa’
Face veil exposing the eyes.

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Fatwa
A juristic ruling issued by a specialised Islamic scholar(s).
Plural:

Fatāwā

Ĥadeeth
An action or saying of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
Plural:

Aĥadeeth

Ĥalāl
Permitted

Ĥarām
Forbidden

Headscarf
A piece of cloth covering the head.
It may or may not include the hair (fully), neck and/or chest
region (as seen, perceived and understood in today’s world)
and donned for fashionable, cultural, traditional or religious
purposes.

Ḥijāb
Literally means “screen” and figuratively “veil”.
When applied to a Muslim woman, it comprises her khimār,
jilbāb, entire dress code and demeanour according to the
Islamic law as Allah (SWT) and the Prophet (PBUH)
prescribed once she reaches puberty. It entails, decent and
presentable clothing not transparent, body hugging or
revealing, does not accentuate her figure; no makeup (other

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than koĥl – black eyeliner) or plucking/shaping of the
eyebrows; and her actions and words are respectable and
civilised.

In-shā’-Allah
If Allah wills (it).

Jazāk Allāhu Khairan
May Allah (SWT) reward you with goodness ~ Male
Female:

Jazāki Allāhu Khairan

Plural:

Jazākum Allāhu Khairan

Jilbāb
A long, loose-fitting and non-transparent over-garment
(cloak- or coat-like) covering the Muslim woman’s body (from
her shoulders down to her feet) excluding her head, neck,
hands and feet.

Khimār
Literally means “head cover”.
This meaning with the order by Allah (SWT) stated in the Holy
Qur’ān equates to a garment covering the head, hair, neck and
chest region. This includes avoiding the camel-hump-look (as
seen in the Arab Gulf, which is now fashionable worldwide).

Mā-shā’-Allah
As (or what) Allah wills.

Niqāb
Full face veil.

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Qur’ān
The holy and sacred Arabic text or scripture and the verbatim
word of Allah (SWT) as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad
(PBUH).

Shari’a
Literally means “path”.
It is the way a Muslim should live his/her life: Religious laws,
morals, ethics, rituals, etc., in accordance with the Holy
Qur’ān and Sunnah.

Sunnah
Literally means “way” or “path”.
It is the actions, sayings and approvals of the Prophet
Muhammad (PBUH).

Sūrah
Literally means “high status” or “symbol of honour”.
Loosely translated as a chapter in the Holy Qur’ān.
Plural:

Suwar

Ummah
The Muslim nation/community.

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Others
I commonly use in my posts
Rabab Maher

SWT
Subĥānahu Wa Ta‟āla
Loosely means The Most Elevated / Above All.

RAA
Radiya Allāhu ‘Anhu

~

Male

Radiya Allāhu ‘Anha

~

Female

Radiya Allāhu ‘Anhum ~

Plural

May Allah (SWT) be pleased with him/her/them.

PBUH
Peace Be Upon Him.

Note: The above will be regularly updated inshā’Allah

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An Essential
Clarification

Rabab Maher

Arabic and “Islamic” words and terminologies have deviated and
digressed from their original meanings and connotations to denote
and connote something entirely different, and in turn, sadly, the
Arabic language is misconstrued and slowly losing its beauty. This has
caused a lot of confusion in the minds of Muslims and non-Muslims
alike and the above is to dispel that haze from your mind somewhat
inshā’Allah.
It is imperative I mention to you Dear Reader, especially Muslims,
in order for you to appreciate the above words, grasping the sheer
purity of the Arabic language is essential. This is precisely the reason
why it is vital for Muslims to learn, understand and soak in the beauty
of Arabic. The root of all Arabic words play an important role to better
identify with the meaning of the words as the “stemmed” word will
initially have the same meaning but with a slight difference or twist –
a smart play on words.
In addition, and most importantly, it will definitely make it easier and
clearer to understand the Holy Qur’ān and Sunnah as “intended” by
Allah (SWT).

Wa Allāhu A’lam
And ALLAH Knows Best

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