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Question Results

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1. Which of the following is true?


Quantitative as well as qualitative approaches are the two main approaches of research
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Diagnostic as well as descriptive study are the two main approaches of research
Applied research as well as descriptive study are the two main approaches of research
Exploratory research as well as applied research are the two main approaches of research
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2. Which of the following is true?


Scientific method is an approach consisting of imagination
Arbitrary method is systematic rational approach to seeking facts
Scientific method is vague and inaccurate
Research can be made through scientific method only
Feedback:
Yes it is correct
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3. Which of the following is not true for search of facts through arbitrary
method?
It is a method for seeking answers to questions consisting of imagination
Feedback:
Yes, it is true

It is a method for seeking answers to questions consisting of logic

It is a method for seeking answers to questions consisting of belief

It is a method for seeking answers to questions through impression


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4. What is pure research?


The research which is undertaken for the sake of knowledge without any intention to apply it
in practice
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Yes it is correct
The research which is carried on to find solution to a real-life problem requiring an action or
policy decision
The research which deals with the preliminary study of an unfamiliar problem about which
the researcher has little or no knowledge
The research which is a fact-finding investigation with adequate interpretation
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5. What is formulative research?


The research which is undertaken for the sake of knowledge without any intention to apply it
in practice
The research which is carried on to find solution to a real-life problem requiring an action or
policy decision
The research which deals with the preliminary study of an unfamiliar problem about which
the researcher has little or no knowledge
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Correct
The research which is a fact-finding investigation with adequate interpretation
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6. Search for facts can be made through

Arbitrary method and scientific method

Arbitrary method only

Scientific method only


Feedback:
No, it is not correct
Unscientific method only
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7. Choices Which of the following is not true?


Research simply means a search for facts
Research is purposive investigation
Research is disorganized detailed enquiry
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No, research is organized enquiry
Research include solutions to problems

. Which of the following is similar to descriptive study but with a different focus?
Applied research
Exploratory research

Descriptive study

Pure research
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2. What is a survey?
It is a system of procedures and techniques of analysis applied to quantitative
data
It is the study of past records and other information sources with a view to
reconstructing the origin
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Wrong answer
It is designed to assess the effects of particular variables on a phenomenon by

keeping the other variables constant or controlled

It is a method of research involving collection of data directly from population

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3. This type of research contributes to the development of a young science


and useful in verifying focal concepts through empirical solution
Exploratory Research

Descriptive Study

Pure Research
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Wrong answer
Applied Research
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4. State which of the following statements are true (i) Evaluation studies is a type of applied research.
(ii) Historical research is a system of procedures and techniques of analysis
applied to quantitative data.
(i) False, (ii) True
(i) True, (ii) True

(ii) True, (ii) False

(ii) False, (ii) False


Feedback:
Wrong
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5. Choices Which type of research takes the form of a pilot study?


Descriptive Study
Pure Research
Applied Research
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Wrong answer

Exploratory Research

1. Choices According to the methods of study, research may be classified as


which of the followings (a) Pure research.
(b) Applied research.
(c) Experimental research.
(d) Exploratory research.
(e) Descriptive research.
(f) Analytical study.
(g) Diagnostic study.
(h ) Historical research.
(i) Survey.
(a) (c) (d) (i)
(b) (d) (e) (f)

(c) (f) (h ) (i)

(a) (f) (h ) (g)


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2. According to intent, research can be classified as follows(a) Pure research.


(b) Applied research.
(c) Experimental research.
(d) Exploratory research.
(e) Descriptive study.
(f) Analytical study.
(g) Diagnostic study.
(h ) Historical research.
(i) Survey.

(a) (b) (d) (e)

(a) (c) (f) (g)


(b) (g) (h ) (i)
(a) (g) (h ) (i)
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3. Which of the following statements are true?


(i) Research extends knowledge of human beings, social life and environment.
(ii) Research establishes specializations and special laws.
(iii) Special laws developed through research may enable us to make reliable

predictions of events yet to happen.


(iv) Research aims to analyze inter-relationships between variables and to
derive causal explanations.
(i) True (ii) False (iii) False (iv) False
(i) True (ii) False (iii) True (iv) False
(i) True (ii) True (iii) True (iv) False

(i) True (ii) False (iii) False (iv) True

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4. Which of the followings are the articles of faith on which scientific method
is based on(a) Reliance of empirical evidence.
(b) Use of irrelevant concepts.
(c) Commitment to subjectivity.
(d) Generalization.
(e) Ethical neutrality.
(f) Logical reasoning process.
(g) Verifiability.
(a) (b) (e) (f) (g)
(a) (d) (e) (b) (g)
(c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(a) (d) (e) (f) (g)

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1. A measurement tool should have proper guidelines regarding its purpose and
construction procedure. This refers to which of the following characteristics?
Simplicity

Practicability

Reliability
Precision
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2. Origin refers to which of the following?

An absolute zero point

Ranking
Equality of distance
Labels
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3. Physical properties or characteristics include all the following exceptHeight


Weight

IQ

Color
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4. Stability means:

Consistency of results with repeated measurements of the same object

Consistency at a point of time among different investigators


Ease of understanding and administration
Following the straight line model
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1. Measurement is the assignment of numbers to represent ___________.


Phenomena
Objects

Properties

Hypotheses
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2. Which of the following is not a characteristic of good measurement?


Linear
Accurate
Practicable

Elaborate

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3. Which of the following is a not a dimension of reliability?


Stability
Non variability

Simplicity

Equivalence
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4. Which type of validity may be determined by testing the relationships


between variables?

Construct validity

Predictive validity

Face validity
Sampling validity
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5. ____________ level of measurement has order, but no distance or origin.

Ordinal

Interval
Nominal
Ratio
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6. ________________ level of measurement has equality of distance.


Ratio
Ordinal

Interval

Nominal

1. Feasibility is an important ________ criteria for selection of a research


problem
Internal

External

Logical
Inherent
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2. Choices Research begins when


Researcher solves some problem
Researcher finds a new thing

Researcher experiences some difficulty

Researcher is told to find new things


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3. What a carefully worded title of a research problem will do?

Indication of the core study

Building of the model of study


Defining the objectivity of the study
Give detailed knowledge about the research problem
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4. Which of the following is an important criterion for a good research


problem?

Verifiable evidence

Subjectivity
Inaccuracy
Randomization
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5. Which of the following is considered as the external criteria in the


selection of the researchable problem?
Researcher's interest
Researcher's competence

Novelty of the problem

Researcher's own resource


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6. Which of the following is not considered as internal criteria in selection


of researchable problem?
Researcher's interest
Researcher's competence
Researcher's own resource

Feasibility

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7. Which of the following is not included in the process of defining a


problem?
Developing title
Building a conceptual model
Define the objective of study

Define the subject of study

. Choices State whether True or False - (i) Researcher's interest is an important


external criteria for formulating a research problem. (ii) Novelty of the problem is
an important external criteria for formulating a research problem.
(i) False, (ii) False
(i) True, (ii) False

(i) False, (ii) True

(i) True, (ii) True


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2. How proper formulation does helps in the research problem?

It gives time schedule for the research problem


It provides necessary finance to the research problem

It gives proper direction and specific focus on the research problem

It helps in getting results of the research problem


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3. State whether True or False. (i) Accuracy is a criteria of a good research


problem. (ii) Importance and urgency is an external criteria for selecting a
research problem.

(i) True (ii) True

(i) False (ii) True


(i) True (ii) False
(i) False (ii) False
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4. Which of the following is the factual that other observers can see and
check?
Systematic evidence
Objective evidence
Controlled Evidence

Verifiable evidence

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5. Which one of the following is the work-flow for defining a research


problem?

(i) Define the objective of the study; (ii) Developing title; (iii) Building a
conceptual model

(i) Developing title; (ii) Define the objective of the study; (iii) Building a
conceptual model
(i) Developing title; (ii) Building a conceptual model; (iii) Define the objective of
the study
(i) Define the objective of the study; (ii) Building a conceptual model; (iii)
Developing title
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1. State which of the followings are true or false(i) Objectivity is a criteria of good research problem.
(ii) Recording is not a criteria of good research problem.
(iii) Objective of a research problem refers to the questions to be answered
through the study.
(iv) Research problem should be novel to take up.

(i) True (ii) False (iii) True (iv) False

(i) False (ii) False (iii) True (iv) False


(i) True (ii) False (iii) False (iv) False
(i) True (ii) False (iii) True (iv) True
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2. Which of the following are the sources from which one may be able to identify
research problems? a. Review of literature. b. Academic experience. c.
Exposure to field situations. d. Intuition. e. Brain storming.
a, b, c, d

a, b, c, d, e

a, b
a, b, c
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3. Which of the followings are criteria for good research problem? a. Verifiable
evidence. b. Developing title. c. Accuracy. d. Precision. e. Systematization. f.
Building a conceptual model.

a, c, d, e

a, b, c, d
b, c, d, e
a, c, e, f

The execution details of the research question to be investigated are referred to


as the _________.
research design

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You are wrong!

management design
exploration design
hypothesis design
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2. Researcher design is the same as research method.


True
False
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You are wrong!
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3. The formulated design must ensure:

Converting the research question and the hypotheses into measurable


variables
Specifying the process to complete the above task
Specifying the control mechanism(s)
All the above
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1. If one wants to assess changes in investment behaviour of general public over


time, the best design available to the researcher is a longitudinal design.
True

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You are wrong!

False
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2. A study to analyse the profile of the supporters of Anna Hazare would need a
cross-sectional research design.
True

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You are wrong!

False
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3. Married couples are the unit of analysis in a cohort analysis.

True
False
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4. Different groups of people tested over a single stretch of time is a special


characteristic of a longitudinal design.
True
False
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5. The research variable in a longitudinal research design is studied over


fixed intervals in time.
True

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False
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6. Descriptive designs do not require any quantitative statistical analysis.


True
False

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1. _________validity refers to generalization of the sample results to that of


population.
External

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Internal
Expeimental
Referential
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2. Test units are selected at random in quasi-experimental design.


True
False
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3. There cannot be more than two independent variables in a factorial


experiment.
True
False

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. There is no possibility of error in true experimental research design.


True
False
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2. In true experimental design and statistical design, the respondents are


selected at random, which may not be the case in real life.
True

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False