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Confederation of Indian Industry

CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Energy Audit and Operational


Enhancement study
At
TSI Business Parks
(Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd.

June 2014

CONTENTS

Chapter
No.

Description

Page No

Executive Summary

Introduction

II

Acknowledgment

III

List of Energy Saving Proposals

IV

Energy Saving Proposals

Observations

36

VI

Utilization of water in TSI Waverock Facility

50

VII

Management Aspects And Conclusions

53

VIII

Annexure

56

Backup Calculations

72

IX

Total No of Pages: 90

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. WaveRock, located in
Hyderabad adjacent to the financial district at Gachibowli, is being developed
as a world-class IT/ITES Special Economic Zone campus that serves over
20,000 professionals. The Phase I of WaveRock, known as Bar Building,
encompasses 0.7 million square feet, is currently operational and is completely
leased out. Phase II of the project is currently under development.
TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. has incorporated several energy
conservation aspects at the design stage itself resulting in energy efficient
operation. Subsequently, more measures have also been identified and
implemented. Few of them are installation of energy efficient centrifugal
chillers by design, installation of double glazed glasses, LED and T5 lamps in
the entire building, maintaining power factor of 0.99, installation of VFD for
chilled water pumps, cooling tower fans and AHUs etc.
CII Godrej GBC Energy Audit Team have conducted a Detailed Energy Audit
at TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. The Energy audit was
conducted from 25th Nov2013 to 05th Dec 2013.
The detailed energy audit included detailed data collection, power
measurements of major electrical energy consumers, analysis of data and
identification of specific energy saving proposals.
The plant and CII energy team have together identified an annual energy
savings potential of Rs. 75.47 Lakhs based on present energy cost (Rs.
5.30/kWh).
The summary of annual savings identified is as follows:
No. of
Proposals

Annual
savings

10

75.47

Annual savings without investment (Rs. Lakhs)

22.87

Annual savings with investment (Rs. Lakhs)

52.60

Investment Required (Rs. Lakhs)

54.06

Details
Total Annual savings

Average payback period for capital proposals


(Months)

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13

SPECIFIC ACTION PLAN


a) Specific target date for implementation of proposals should be made within
30 days of submission of this report.
b) The plant team should prioritize the above proposals and implement them
in a phased manner.
c) In our opinion the following proposals can be implemented within next
three months straightaway and should be on top priority.
(ESP Nos 1,2,4a,7)
The above proposals do not require much investment and no detailed
verification.
d) As a second priority and after detailed verification, the following proposals
should be implemented before end of Dec 2014.
(ESP Nos 5,8,10)
e) As a third priority and after detailed verification, the following proposals
should be implemented before end of March 2015.
(ESP Nos 3,4b,6,9)
f) The facility had already done commendable job in terms of Energy
conservation. The building has an energy manager. Further to this, CII
strongly feels that, the facility team should form an energy management
committee which involves senior persons from all departments. The
committee should continue the work progressing towards achieving
excellence as a World Class Energy Efficient building.

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CHAPTER - I

INTRODUCTION
TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd., evinced interest in availing the
services of Confederation of Indian Industry for conducting a detailed energy
audit in their facility.
This report on the detailed energy audit carried out at TSI Business Parks
(Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd., is in accordance with CIIs proposal dated 14 th Aug
2013, agreed by TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. vide their work
order No. TSIBPH/PHASE 2.1/SA/2013/PMWEB/00-040-04.010110/OPO-1451
dated
30th
Sept
2013
and
its
amendment
TSIBPH/PHASE
2.1/SA/2013/PMWEB/00-040-04.010110/OPO-1451-R1 dated 24 th March
2014.
The detailed energy audit comprised of the following activities:
Detailed data collection of power consuming equipments and their design
and operating parameters.
Power measurements of major electrical energy consumers.
Measurement of efficiency of major power consuming equipment such as
pumps, chillers etc.,
Analysis of collected data and measurements to develop specific energy
saving proposals.
Discussion with the facility personnel on the identified proposals.
Presentation on the findings of detailed energy audit to facility personnel.
We are pleased to mention that all the identified energy savings proposals
have been discussed with the facility management team of TSI Business Parks
(Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd., before finalizing the projects.
The contents of the report are based on the data provided by TSI Business
Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. facility personnel during the detailed energy audit.
The facility personnel should implement the suggestions made in the report
after verifying safety aspects. It is the responsibility of the facility personnel to
observe statutory regulations, if any, as applicable to the facility.

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CHAPTER - II

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
CII acknowledges with thanks the co-operation and the hospitality extended to
the CII energy audit team during the detailed energy audit at TSI Business
Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd.
The interactions and deliberations with TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad)
Pvt. Ltd. team were exemplary and the whole exercise was thoroughly a
rewarding experience for CII.
The arrangements and support during the energy audit were excellent. We
deeply appreciate the interest, enthusiasm and commitment of TSI Business
Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. towards the energy conservation
We would also like to place on record our sincere thanks and appreciation for
all the senior executives.

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CHAPTER III
LIST OF ENERGY SAVING PROPOSALS
Sl.
No

Annual Savings
(Rs.Lakhs)

Investment Required
(Rs.Lakhs)

Payback Period
(Months)

5.20

NIL

Immediate

15.90

NIL

Immediate

3.39

8.00

28

Option 1: Avoid recirculation in the


domestic water pump

0.08

NIL

Immediate

Option 2: Replace the domestic water


pump with energy efficient pump

0.19

0.35

23

Segregate chiller condenser system and


DX chillers

0.95

0.85

11

Energy Saving Proposals

Reduce the static pressure set point in


AHU

Optimize cooling tower operation

Insulation paint to avoid heat ingress


through glass

Avoid recirculation and replace the


Domestic Water Pump

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CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Optimize the chilled water system

8.48

11.00

16

Optimize the loading of distribution


Transformers

1.69

NIL

Immediate

Replace the 2x28 W T5 lamps with 1x20


W LEDs

21.73

19.50

11

Replace CFL lamps in E floor lobby area


with LEDs

0.25

0.88

42

10

Replace CFL lamps in sector b with LEDs

17.61

13.48

10

75.47

54.06

Total
Details

No. of Proposals

Annual savings

10

75.47

Annual savings without investment (Rs. Lakhs)

22.87

Annual savings with investment (Rs. Lakhs)

52.60

Investment Required (Rs. Lakhs)

54.06

Total Annual savings (Rs. Lakhs)

Average payback period for capital proposals (Months)


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13

Chapter - IV
Energy Saving Proposals

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 1

REDUCE THE STATIC PRESSURE SET POINT IN AHU


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, the AHUs were studied
in detail to identify opportunities for performance improvement.
Background
Around 46 Air Handling Units (AHUs) are installed at TSI Waverock for
providing conditioned air to the rooms. These air handling units were
studied in detail and the following activities were carried out during the
study:
1. Static pressure measurement for filters
2. Checking of actuators
3. Power Measurements
4. Checking of CO2 sensors
The VFDs for all the AHUs have been installed with discharge pressure of
fan outlet as feedback control. The upper cut off frequency for the VFD is
set at 45 Hz. Currently, all the fans are operating at the higher cut off
limit of 45 Hz. The static pressure feedback to VFD is manually set to a
value of 500 Pa.
Design Parameters of AHU
Bag filter

-30 mmWC -32.5 mmWC


26
mmWC

p = 11

p = 14

Sensor
p = 2
Fire and smoke damper

p = 2.5

Pre-filter

20 mmWC

p = 3

p = 1
-16 mmWC

-3 mmWC

p = 5
-8 mmWC

22 mmWC

25 mmWC

Sound attenuator

Cooling coil

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Figure : Design parameters of AHUs

The design pressure profile for the AHU indicates that the required static
pressure to be maintained at the discharge of the fan is 22 mmWC
(around 220 Pa).
Operating conditions
The values of TR and discharge static pressure for individual AHU from
control room are shown in the table below:

AHU

BTU/Hr

TR

Static
Pressu
re, Pa

826230

68.85

384.00

10

616120

51.34

1.80

11

635880

52.99

300.00

603700

50.31

501580

41.80

120.00

12

597200

49.77

320.00

569900

47.49

150.00

13

807480

67.29

430.00

758660

63.22

500.00

14

479090

39.92

500.00

541670

45.14

500.00

15

607070

50.59

181.00

583210

48.60

450.00

16

677800

56.48

499.00

124970

10.41

176.00

17

529420

44.12

320.00

87550

7.30

NA

18

469308

39.11

480.00

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19

663230

55.27

337.00

42

173850

14.49

500.00

20

583450

48.62

106.00

43

NA

NA

30.00

21

267427

22.29

44

NA

NA

115.00

22

484000

40.33

470.00

45

NA

NA

162.00

23

409860

34.16

460.00

46

NA

NA

2.50

24

594460

49.54

300.00

25

934220

77.85

480.00

26

676590

56.38

180.00

27

639820

53.32

240.00

28

520420

43.37

340.00

29

782360

65.20

280.00

30

716410

59.70

415.00

31

502190

41.85

250.00

32

600190

50.02

475.00

33

603720

50.31

102.00

34

586560

48.88

500.00

35

370161

30.85

35.00

36

465402

38.78

115.00

37

692220

57.69

200.00

38

649220

54.10

200.00

39

500090

41.67

380.00

40

460700

38.39

500.00

41

102686

8.56

500.00

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The static pressures of majority of the AHUs (as mentioned in the table)
were found to be operating in the range of 380 500 Pa. The values of
static pressure which are operating higher than 220 Pa have been
highlighted in grey color in the table above. This higher static pressure
was maintained with the help of a static pressure set point from the BMS.
The BMS signal of maintaining static pressure set point was manually
entered to a value of 500 Pa. In order to maintain this high static
pressure; all the AHU fan VFDs are running at its maximum cut off point
of 45 Hz.
Operating VFD at higher frequency of 45 Hz leads to increased air flow,
which in turn leads to lower retention time of air in the cooling coil. This
leads to lesser cooling effect in AHUs. The power consumed by AHU fans
also increases, when the VFD is operated at 45 Hz.
The static pressure set point of the fans can be reduced atleast to 270 Pa,
which will reduce the operating speed of the fan with the help of VFD and
will also result in reduced power consumption of AHU fans. The power
consumed by centrifugal fans is proportional to the square of the head
developed by the fan. Changing static pressure set point closer to the
design value will facilitate in reduced power consumption. The value of
270 Pa is taken to obtain the energy savings on a conservative basis.
Recommendations
We recommend the following:
Change the static pressure set point of all AHUs to 270 Pa
o The VFD of AHU fans will automatically operate to achieve the
static pressure
o Atleast 33 kW can be saved in all AHU fans
Once the fans are operating at 270 Pa discharge pressure successfully,
the static pressure value can be set to operate close to the design
value of 220 Pa.

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Benefits
The saving potential of 33 kW is available. The annual saving potential of
Rs. 5.20 Lakhs is possible. There is no investment required for this
proposal.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 2

OPTIMIZE THE COOLING TOWER OPERATION FOR


CHILLER CONDENSERS
During the detailed energy audit of TSI waverock, the condenser water
flow to chiller was studied in detail. Possible opportunities of reducing the
power consumption by further reducing the cooling tower cold well
temperature and by optimizing the condenser water flow to improve sub cooling was studied.
Background
In TSI Waverock, 3 nos of cooling towers have been installed for cooling
condenser water for chillers. Out of 3 cooling towers one or two cooling
towers are usually kept in operation and the rest is kept in stand by
condition. Each cooling tower has 4 fans of which 2 are usually in
operation. The condenser water flows through all the cells of the cooling
tower including the cells in which, the fans are not operated.
Optimizing cooling tower operation
VFDs were installed for all the CT fans. CII congratulates the TSI
waverock team for this excellent initiative. CII and Plant team jointly
studied the further possible energy saving opportunities in the fans. It
was observed during the audit that the fans are manually operated at 50
Hz. Out of four fans, only 2 fans were operating in each cooling tower. The
condenser water flows through all the cells of the cooling tower and the
cold well temperature obtained from cells where fans are in operation is
27oC and the cold well temperature where the fans are not operated are
on the higher side and is more than 29oC.
The cold well temperature of the cooling tower was found to be 28 0C and
the wet bulb temperature is 21oC.The approach (Cold well temperatureWBT) of the cooling tower was calculated to be 7 oC. The ideal approach of
the cooling tower should be 4 deg C. There is a good potential to reduce
the approach of the cooling tower to 4oC by operating all the cooling tower
fans with VFD and utilizing all three cooling towers. This would reduce the
power consumed by the chiller compressor as the condenser pressure of
the refrigerant will decrease with reduction in condenser water
temperature, returning from the cooling tower.
Optimizing Condenser water flow through the Chiller
The condenser water flow was noted when 1, 2 or all 3 cooling towers
were in operation and are mentioned below. The cooling water from the
cooling tower flows through the condenser of the chiller and also through
the DX plate heat exchanger. When more number of cooling towers are
taken into line, the condenser water flow increases due to the decrease in
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back pressure incurred by the cooling water system. The required


condenser water flow through the chiller should be 817 m 3/h(3600 gpm).
This required flow of 817 m3/h is achieved only when all 3 cooling towers
are in operation.
No. of
cooling
towers in
operation

Total
Condenser
water flow

Condenser
water flow
through
chiller

DX plate
heat
exchanger

Required
flow through
chillers

(m3/h)

(m3/h)

(m3/h)
1

600

490

110

817

730

540

190

817

1064

854

210

817

Maintaining
lesser
condenser
water
flow
than
manufacturers
recommendation may lead to low sub cooling and Compressor surge
tripping. Due to low sub cooling the power consumed by the chiller
compressor increases and the additional cooling capacity which can be
obtained from sub cooling is not available.
Currently it has been observed that the sub cooling in the chiller was
very low and was not more than 0.5 oC. It was observed from the alarms
in the chiller panel that the compressor was tripping as it is reaching the
surge limit. At surge limit the centrifugal compressor reaches its peak
head capability. The system pressure after the compressor is higher than
the pressure generated by the compressor and the fluid tends to flow
back into the compressor. This surge phenomenon repeats in cycles.
Consequently, the compressor loses the ability to maintain peak load and
the system becomes unstable resulting in compressor tripping in order to
the safeguard the compressor. Surging will also result in overheating of
the compressor.
Maintaining the condenser water flow at 817 m 3/h, by operating all three
cooling towers will improve the sub cooling of the refrigerant and will
also avoid surge tripping of the chiller compressor. This may increase
some cooling water power consumption but there will be overall net
reduction in power consumption due to reduction in chiller compressor
power.
Proposed system
As explained earlier it is recommended to utilize all three cooling towers
and operate all the cooling tower fans with VFD control.

Utilizing all three cooling tower will help us in utilizing the additional
heat transfer surface area, which is available in the cooling towers
which are currently in stand by condition. Also, utilizing all cooling
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towers will help us in maintaining the required amount of condenser


water flow for the chillers and will improve the sub cooling of the
chillers.
There is a good opportunity to improve the air water contact ratio in the
cooling tower by running all the cooling tower fans and operating them
with VFD. The sump temperature of the cooling tower can be given as a
feedback to the VFD of the cooling tower fans. The above mentioned
steps can be followed to obtain an approach of 4 oC, consistently in all the
cells of the cooling tower.
Recommendation
With the above background, to optimize the operation of cooling towers, it
is recommended to
Operate all the three cooling towers

Utilizing heat transfer are of cooling towers, currently kept as


stand by

Improves sub cooling of the refrigerant by maintaining


required amount of flow through the cooling tower

Operate all the fans in auto mode with sump temperature as feedback
for VFDs. Instead of operating two fans at full speed, operating 4 fans
at 25% percent speed would result in significant amount of power
savings

The fan power consumption will reduce proportional to the


square of speed. This results in significant savings of the power
consumed by CT fans

Atleast 28 kW can be saved

The approach of cooling towers can be reduced to 4 oC from 7oC


Overall reduction in the power consumption of Chiller compressor by
reduction in condenser pressure and better sub cooling of the
refrigerant

Atleast 60 kW can be saved

Benefits
The estimated annual savings by optimizing the cooling
performance is Rs. 15.90 Lakhs without any investment.

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tower

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 3


IMPROVE
INSULATION
BY
HIGH
TEMPERATURE
RESISTANT PAINT TO AVOID HEAT INGRESS THROUGH
GLASS
During the Detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
HVAC system was studied in detail to identify opportunities for energy
conservation.
Present Status
TSI Waverock has extensive glass faade on all the sides. Glass as a
medium brings natural light into the conditioned space and along with it
also allows heat ingress inside the building, which adds to the energy
spent on cooling the interiors. In TSI Waverock, Double glazed glasses are
installed to reduce the heat ingress into the building. CII congratulates
the TSI Wave rock team for the excellent initiative.
The heat transfer co-efficient for various types of glass is indicated below:
U value

SHGC (%)

Single glazed (6 mm)

6 W/m2/K

86

Double glazed

1.3 3 W/m2/K

76-63

Triple glazed glass

0.4 1.2 W/m2/K

50-26

Hence selecting the right glass is important in reducing the heat load of a
given conditioned space. An alternative to replacing double glazed
glass( which is already installed and cannot be replaced now) is coating
the glass windows and doors with insulation paints (nansulate).
The insulation paints have properties like corrosion resistance, high
adhesion and translucence. By adequate no. of insulation paint coats, the
performance of a double-glazed glass can be matched with a triple-glazed
glass without any significant reduction in visible light transmittance.
Recommendation
We recommend coating glass area in the building with translucent
insulation paints. A heat transfer co-efficient value of at least 0.7 W/m2/K
can be achieved.

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Benefits
The estimated annual savings by coating the glass surface area with
insulation paints is Rs. 3.39 Lakhs. The investment required is Rs. 8.00
Lakhs with a simple pay back period of 28 months.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 4

AVOID RECIRCULATION IN DOMESTIC WATER PUMP


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, detailed
study of the pumping systems has been conducted to identify energy
conservation opportunities.
Background
During the audit, it was observed that there are three numbers of
domestic transfer pumps installed for transferring water from domestic
water tank to two overhead tanks 1&2. One pump is in operation and the
other two pumps are used as standby.
A hydro pneumatic tank is also installed in the pumping system. The
hydro pneumatic tank is generally used for applications where overhead
tank is not installed to maintain required amount of water pressure for
different floor levels and to act as a buffer for water storage to maintain
consistent water supply. Since overhead tank is already installed in
Waverock, the hydro pneumatic tanks can be by passed.

The design specifications of the pumps are:


Design Flow

9-24 m3/hr

Design Head

163-72 meters

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Design kW

11 kW

Flow

28.4 m3/hr

Head

63 meters

Power Consumed

10.5 kW

The operating parameters are:

The height of the overhead tank is approximately 60 meters and is the


static head required for the pump. The pump is designed for 72 163 m
of head. This indicates that there is a mismatch between the design
specifications and the actual requirement in pump operation. Therefore
the pump is throttled to 50% to avoid excess flow and tripping of the
motor due to overload.
Presently, the design head of the pump is in the range of 72 to 163
meters and the operating head of the pump is 60 meters. The throttling of
flow indicates that the head of the pump is oversized for the existing
requirement. Energy is lost across the valve due to loss of pressure across
the valve and is reflected in the power consumed by the pump.
Also, recirculation is an inefficient method for flow control; the power
consumption of the pump remains same irrespective of the change in
demand.
In addition, the overhead tanks should installed with level sensors for
automatic control of the pump depending on the tank levels.
Installing a new pump with design parameters as below will reduce the
losses in the present system due to inefficient operation and loss across
the valve throttling. At least 2.0 kW power can be saved by avoiding
recirculation.
Design Head

65 meters

Design Flow

28 m3/hr

Design power (pump)

8.6 kW

Recommendation
Step 1:
We recommend the following changes in the domestic transfer pump:
1. Close the bypass valve completely, thereby bypassing the hydro
pneumatic system and the recirculation.
This will result in reduction of recirculation flow back to the domestic
water but also decreases the overall flow due to increase in the back

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pressure. Further, valves can be opened gradually to maintain the same


flow from the tank.
Benefits
The annual energy saving potential by closing the recirculation is Rs.
0.08 Lakhs considering 5 hours of operation per day. There is no
investment required for this proposal.
Step 2:
Replace the pump
specifications as:

with

an

energy

efficient

Design Head

65 meters

Design Flow

28 m3/hr

Design power (pump)

8.6 kW

pump

with

design

Benefits
The annual energy saving potential by installing a new pump is Rs. 0.19
Lakhs considering 5 hours of operation per day. The investment required
for installing a new pump is Rs. 0.35 Lakhs with a payback period of 23
months.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 5

SEGREGATE CHILLER CONDENSER SYSTEM AND DX


CONDENSER SYSTEM
Background
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, detailed
study of the pumping systems has been conducted to identify energy
conservation opportunities.
Present System
During the audit, it was observed that separate plate heat exchangers and
supplementary cooling water pumps are installed for the water cooled
packaged DX chillers. The DX chillers are used for two lift rooms on the
terrace, in the gym and recreation areas in 2 floor and electrical load
centers in the same floor.

It was observed during the audit that the cooling water requirement to
the plate heat exchangers is being catered by the condenser pumps
installed for chiller system. The total flow of the condenser pump during
the audit was 730 m3/hr out of which 540 m3/hr (74%) is flowing through
the chiller condenser and 190 m3/hr (26%) is flowing through the plate
heat exchange. The flow through this plate heat exchanger is used to cool
the supplement water passing through DX chillers.
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Supplementary cooling water pump is installed to circulate cooling water


through the DX units in the facility. VFD is installed for the supplementary
cooling water pump and its frequency is maintained at 41 Hz as observed
during the audit. The delta T across the plate heat exchanger was
measured to be 0.3oC in the cooling water side, which suggests that there
is excess cooling water flow in the plate heat exchangers. In addition,
there is additional pressure drop in the circuit due to the plate heat
exchangers.
Proposed system

Figure : Seggregate the DX chiller and Main chiller condenser


We recommend segregating the cooling water system of the Chillers and
the DX units by removing the PHE and installing a separate pipeline from
the DX chillers to the cooling tower. The pipelines of supplementary
cooling system can be directly connected to the cooling tower. The cooling
tower water can be directly used in the DX chillers for condenser cooling.
The schematic of the proposed system is shown in the figure above.
Segregating the cooling water system of the chillers and the DX units will
avoid the circulation of 190 m3/h of water through the plate heat
exchangers used to cool the chiller condensers. After entirely closing the
valve for plate heat exchanger a certain amount of back pressure will be
created in the system, which in turn will marginally reduce the water
flowing through chiller condenser.
(As explained in previous proposal the required flow of 817 m3/h through
the chiller can be maintained only when all three cooling towers are
operated.)
Presently the delta T obtained in the supplementary cooling water system
is 0.3oC. A VFD is already installed in the supplementary cooling water
pump and by reducing the flow to 30% of the present flow using VFD, 3.0

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kW savings in power consumption of supplementary water pump can be


achieved.
Recommendation:
We recommend segregating the chiller cooling water system and the DX
chillers cooling water system by installing a separate pipeline to the
cooling tower from the DX chillers.
The same cooling tower can be used and the suction to the new
supplementary cooling water pump can be taken from the return line from
the cooling tower and to the suction of the condenser water pump to the
chiller.
The delta T can be maintained at least around 3 oC by reducing the flow of
supplementary cooling water pump to at least 30% of the rated flow.

Benefits
The annual energy saving potential by segregating the cooling water
system is Rs. 0.95 Lakhs per annum. There is an investment of Rs. 0.85
Lakhs required for installation of new pump and piping cost which has a
payback period of 11 months.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 6

OPTIMIZE THE CHILLED WATER SYSTEM


Background
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad detailed
study of the pumping systems has been conducted to identify energy
conservation opportunities.
Present System
During the audit, it was observed that one chilled water pump is utilized
to pump chilled water to both bar building and phase 2.1 building which
have different head requirements.
To compensate the flow in the phase 2.1, resistance is added by valve
throttling in the bar building for the water to flow to phase 2.1 since
phase 2.1 requires higher static head as compared to the bar building.
This results in loss across the valve due to throttling. The total loss in
power due to throttling of the valve is estimated to be 52 %.

The operating efficiency of the chilled water pump during the audit was
calculated as 43%. As the pump is designed for a head of 30 m and only
12 m head is required for the pump, the pump is operating in an
inefficient zone.

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Due to Operating efficiency of 42% for pump, there is a good potential to


replace the pump with Energy efficient pump of design specifications, as
follows:

Design Head

15 meters

Design Flow

550 m3/hr

Design Power

30.2 kW

Design Efficiency (Pump)

80%

Proposed System

The chilled water system can be separated for both the bar building and
phase 2.1. Currently the lines of bar and phase 2.1 are interconnected;
this results in additional losses due to valve throttling in bar building.
Seggregating the lines and pumps for chilled water for bar building and
phase 2.1 will enable us in avoiding the loss due to valve throttling.
Excluding the loss across the valve throttling, the loss across the system
would be the pressure drop across the chiller and due to the back
pressure developed by the operation of auto control valves in the building.
After segregating the pump and lines of bar and phase 2.1 the same
pump can be used for phase 2.1 as well, as the pump is designed based
on the flow requirement of chiller. Flow of both the pumps can be
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maintained with VFD and based on TR load required on the building. The
TR load required for each building can be obtained from TR load required
for each AHU. The total flow maintained through the chiller can be on the
basis of operating TR load.

Table : Chiller parameters as specified by manufacturer


Based on the above mentioned table provided by the manufacturer the
chilled water quantity can be varied based on the loading of the chiller.
The values have been specified for 45% - 100% loading of the chiller.
Similar parameters are also mentioned for the new Trane Chiller installed
for the plant. During the audit the Trane chillers was under installation.
Additional savings can be achieved by optimizing the pump flow based on
the TR required as a feedback to the VFD.
The temperature set point for chilled water can be maintained the same
for the chillers and correspondingly flow through the chillers can be
varied. Additional savings by reducing the chilled water flow with VFD has
not been taken into account since the flow varies depending on the heat
load. Therefore, the pump flow can be varied for meeting the heat load
requirements instead of varying the chiller set points since lowering the
chiller set points further increases the power consumption in the
compressor.
Note: Care should be taken to maintain minimum flow through the chiller
is maintained. Correspondingly the VFD should operate above a certain
frequency to maintain chilled water flow above this minimum quantity as
recommended by the manufacturer.
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Benefits
The annual energy saving potential by segregating both the chilled water
systems and installing new pumps is Rs. 8.48 Lakhs per annum. The
investment required for installing a new pump with VFD is Rs. 11.00
Lakhs with a payback period of 16 months.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 7

OPTIMIZE THE LOADING OF DISTRIBUTION


TRANSFORMERS

During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the


electric distribution system was studied in detail to identify all the possible
energy conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
There are three dry-type transformers of 2500 KVA each to step down the
incoming voltage from 33 KV to 433 KV.
33 KV

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

OFF

OFF

433 V

The load is catered by operating these three transformers. Two bus


couplers are present between transformers 2 & 1 and transformers 1 & 3.
The three transformers are identical and the no-load and full-load losses
from the test certificate are as follows:
No-Load loss

6257 Watt

Load Loss

17645 Watt
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The percentage loading on each of the transformer and the transformer


losses were calculated:
Voltage

Power

PF avg

Running
kVA

% loading

T/F loss
KW

T/F- 1

418.91

878

0.99

887

35

8.42

T/F- 2

417.70

615

0.98

625

25

7.36

T/F- 3

418.62

755

0.99

762

30

7.84

Total Loss

~ 24 KW

As the load on transformers increases, the copper losses increase as


proportional to the square of current. The core losses of the transformer
are constant.

The optimal loading on transformers occur at the point when the No-load
loss = Load losses (which is around 60%)
For the transformers installed at TSI Waverock, the optimal loading point
is calculated and found to be around 60%.
Hence it is recommended to operate two transformers instead of three.
This would result in
Optimal loading on each of the two transformers
Reduction in transformer losses from around 24 KW to 20 KW.

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Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to shift the entire load to two transformers. The third
transformer needs to be switched off and the primary of this transformer
should be isolated from the supply.
33 KV

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

ON

OFF

433 V

The transformer losses in the proposed scenario are calculated as:


%
Loading

Transformer
loss KW

T/F- 1

60

12.6

T/F- 2

T/F- 3

30

7.8

Total Loss

~20 KW

Savings of 4 KW can be achieved.


Recommendation
It is recommended to switch off one transformer, isolate its primary and
shift the entire load to two transformers.
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Benefits
The estimated annual savings by switching off one transformer and
shifting the entire load to two transformers is 1.69 Lakhs without any
investment.

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LIGHTING SYSTEM AT TSI


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
lighting system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy
conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
The lighting at TSI Waverock was done by:

Parking levels P1 to P4: 3200 Nos of 2X28 W T5 lamps. At present,


1600 Nos of these lamps are in operation. Of these lamps, around
300 Nos were replaced with 1X20 W LEDs.

CII congratulates the plant team for the excellent initiative taken.
In addition to the T5 lamps, CFL lamps were installed in E floor and sector
B.

E floor: 80 Nos of 18 W CFL Lamps

In each floor of Sector B: 270 Nos of 4X14 W CFLs were installed in


work areas and 183 Nos of 2X18 W CFLs were installed in the lobby
areas.

There are 69 Nos of 70 W HPSV lamps installed for street lighting.


These T5, CFL and HPSV lamps can be replaced with LEDs for reducing
the energy consumption further. LED is the latest energy efficient
technology in lighting and offers the following advantages:
Advantages of LED
Lower energy consumption: The energy consumption of LEDs is low
when compared to the other conventional sources for the same amount of
Lumen output.
Type of Lamp

Lumen/Watt

CRI

Life hours

Fluorescent lamps

50

Good (67-77)

5,000

CFL lamps

60

Very good (> 80)

8,000 -10,000

LED lamps

120

Very Good (> 80)

50,000

High S/P ratio: LEDs have higher scotopic/photopic ratio (S/P ratio).
The eye has two primary light sensing cells called rods and cones cones
function in day light and process visual information whereas rods function
in night light. The cone dominated vision is called photopic and the rod
dominated vision is called scotopic. The S/P ratio indicates the measure of
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light that excites rods compared to the light that excites cones. In office
environments, illumination is more effective if the S/P ratio is high as it is
under scotopic region. LEDs hence are ideally suited for these applications
as they have a high S/P ratio.
Longer life time: LEDs have longer life time of around 50,000 hours.
Faster switching: LED lights reach its brightness instantly upon
switching and can frequently be switched on/off without reducing the
operational life expectancy.
Greater durability and reliability: As LEDs are solid-state devices and
uses semi-conductor material; they are sturdier than conventional
sources that use filaments or glass. LEDs can also withstand shock,
extreme temperatures and vibration as they dont have fragile materials
as components.
Good Colour Rendering Index (CRI): The color rendering index, i.e.,
measure of a light sources ability to show objects as perceived under
sunlight is high for LEDs. The CRI of natural sunlight is 100 and LEDs offer
CRI of 80 and above.
LED offers more focused light and reduced glare. Moreover, it does not
contain pollutants like mercury
LED technology is highly compatible for solar lighting as low-voltage
power supply is sufficient for LED illumination.
Due to the above advantages, it is recommended to replace existing
lamps with LEDs. The replacement of existing lamps with LEDs are
explained in the energy savings proposals mentioned below.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 8

REPLACE THE 2X28 W T5 LAMPS WITH 1X20 W LEDs


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
lighting system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy
conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
T5 lamps (3200 Nos) were installed in the parking levels: P1 to P4. As
explained earlier around 1600 lamps are continuously operated. Out of
these 1600 lamps, around 300 Nos were replaced with 1X20 W LEDs by
TSI Waverock.
CII congratulates the plant team for the excellent
initiative taken. There is a good potential to replace the remaining 1300
lamps with LEDs.
The power consumption of these T5 lamps is around 73 kW.
It is recommended to replace these T5 lamps with 1X20 W LEDs. Light
Emitting Diode (LED) is the latest technology. The advantages offered by
LEDs, as detailed earlier include lower energy consumption, high S/P
ratio, longer life time, faster switching, greater durability and reliability,
good CRI etc.
Recommendation
The following is recommended :
Replace the existing 2X28 W T5 lamps with 1X20 W LEDs
Around 1300 lamps can be replaced
Atleast 47 kW can be saved by implementing this proposal
Benefits
The estimated annual savings that can be obtained by replacing T5 lamps
with LEDs is Rs. 21.73 lakhs. The investment required is Rs. 19.50
lakhs. The payback period is 11 months.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 9

REPLACE CFL LAMPS IN E FLOOR LOBBY AREA WITH


LEDs
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
lighting system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy
conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
In E floor 80 Nos of 18 W CFLs were installed in the building. The power
consumption of the CFL lamps is around 1.5 kW.
It is recommended to replace these CFL lamps with 1X9 W LEDs.
Light Emitting Diode (LED) is the latest technology. The advantages
offered by LEDs, as detailed earlier include lower energy consumption,
high S/P ratio, longer life time, faster switching, greater durability and
reliability, good CRI etc.
Recommendation
It is recommended to replace the existing 80 numbers of 18 W CFL lamps
with 9 W LEDs. The energy saving by shifting to LEDs is ~0.7 kW
Benefits
The estimated annual savings that can be obtained by replacing CFL
lamps with LEDs is Rs. 0.25 lakhs. The investment required is Rs. 0.88
lakhs. The payback period is 42 months.

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ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL NO. 10


REPLACE CFL LAMPS IN SECTOR B WITH LEDs
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
lighting system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy
conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
In each floor of sector B, CFLs were installed in the following areas:
270 Nos of 4X14 W CFLs in work areas
183 Nos of 2X18 W CFLs - in lobby areas
Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to replace the 4 X 14 W CFLs and 2 X 18 W CFLs with
30 W LEDs and 2 X 9 W LEDs respectively.
Light Emitting Diode (LED) is the latest technology. The advantages
offered by LEDs, as detailed earlier include lower energy consumption,
high S/P ratio, longer life time, faster switching, greater durability and
reliability, good CRI etc.
Recommendation
It is recommended to replace 270 numbers of 4 X 14 W CFLs and 183
numbers of 2 X 18 W CFLs with 30 W LEDs and 2 X 9 W LEDs
respectively.
Benefits
The estimated annual savings that can be obtained by replacing CFL
lamps with LEDs is Rs. 17.55 lakhs. The investment required is Rs.
13.48 lakhs. The payback period is 10 months.

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Chapter - V
Observations

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OBSERVATION NO. 1

CLEAN / CHECK CHOKED BAG FILTERS TO AVOID


PRESSURE DROP
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, the AHU fans were
studied in order to identify the energy saving opportunities. The present
status of the filters is as follow:
Present Status
With Bag
Filter Fresh air

- 17 mmWC
271.39 Pa

AHU

Return air

Supply air

21236.86 CFM
4.95 kW

Pre Filters
Bag filters

Without Bag
Filter

- 8 mmWC

Fresh air

374.39 Pa

AHU

Return air

Supply air

24188.20 CFM
5.07 kW

Pre Filters

The AHU fans are installed with pre filters and bag filters in order to
maintain the indoor air quality as shown in the fig. above. The bag filter
type MERV 13, is used as per green building standards in order to avoid
dust accumulation in the indoor area.
Trial Taken
A trial was taken for one AHU fan (AHU # 29) to observe the effect of the
bag filter on the fan. In the trial, the pressure is observed after the fan in
two scenarios: with and without bag filters:
Pressure with bag filter

-17mmWC

Pressure without bag filter

-8 mmWC

It has been observed that once the bag filter was removed the static
pressure at fan outlet has increased to 373.39 Pa from 271.39 Pa. In
order to achieve the same discharge pressure at fan outlet, the fan speed
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was reduced with VFD so that 270 Pa can be achieved. The results of
discharge pressure with speed reduction, along with measured power at
that speed are shown in the table below:
Suction
pressure
after filter

VFD
Frequency

Discharge
pressure
from BMS

Measured
power

mmWC

Hz

Pa

kW

-5

30.5

67.29

1.83

-6

35.7

149.29

2.64

-7

40

243.96

3.75

-7

41

277.91

3.96

-8

43

306.21

4.47

The discharge pressure of 277.91 Pa was achieved with VFD operating at


41 Hz which is highlighted with grey color in the table above. The power
consumption by fan was reduced to 3.96 kW from 4.95 kW normal
operating power at 50 Hz speed. It clearly indicates that if bag filters are
chocked, than the power consumption of fan will increase due to
increased head of the fan. The recommended dp by supplier across the
across the pre filter and bag filter is 19 mmWC.
Already the alarm system is available to indicate the choking of bag
filters. Once DP across the bag filter increases, the alarm will be shown in
the control room for bag filter choking. We recommend to check the alarm
system once again whether it is operating or not. Also, we recommend to
check the set point for the alarm.
Recommendations
We recommend the following
Check all the bag filters for AHU fans whether there is high dust
accumulation or not.
o If found choked due to dust accumulation, we recommend to clean /
change the bag filters
o DP limit for bag across pre filter and bag filter is 19 mmWC.
The replacement of choked bag filters with new or cleaned bag filter will
reduce the power consumption of fan as the head of fan decreases. in
order to maintain the desired flow.
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OBSERVATION NO. 2

REPLACE FAULTY CO2 SENSORS


During the detailed energy audit, the AHUs were studied. The present
status for the CO2 sensors in the AHUs is as follow:
Present Status
The CO2 sensors are installed in the return air duct of AHUs. The feedback
from the CO2 sensors has been given to the damper of fresh air supply of
particular AHU. The fresh air is being taken from atmosphere and cooled
in the Treated Fresh Air Units (TAF) installed on top of the building. In the
TAF the fresh air is being cooled by chilled water and then distributed in
Air handling units of building through separate line of fresh air ducts.
It is a very good initiative by plant team as fresh air supply will be based
on the CO2 level and excess fresh air at higher temperature (than room
temperature) will not be allowed in the rooms. Hence, the cooling load on
the chiller can be reduced.
CII congratulates the TSI Waverock team for its energy efficiency
initiative.
However, some of the CO2 sensors are found faulty; the list of which are
shown below:
Some of the CO2 sensors are showing some default value of 2000.6
o AHU 3, 4, 6, 16, 27, 39, 40

Indicating continuous fresh air supply

Some of the CO2 sensors showing zero value


o AHU 29, 30, 33, 34, 41

Indicating no fresh air supply

The CO2 sensors with default value of 2000.6 indicate the higher value of
CO2 in that AHU return air. Hence, the fresh air damper always remains
open for those AHUs. If fresh air damper remains open continuously, then
the outside air from atmosphere which is needed to be cooled will
increase the load on the chiller. Hence, power consumption of chiller will
increase. The CO2 sensors with zero value indicate that there is no CO 2 in
the return air. Hence, the fresh air damper remains close for those AHUs.
If fresh air damper remains close always, then there is no fresh air supply
to rooms, resulting in negative impact on the indoor air quality and
comfort of the people.

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The level of CO2 in indoor air should be less than 700 ppm. Hence, it is
recommended to set the set point for CO 2 sensors as 700 ppm. If CO2
level increases more than 700 ppm the fresh air damper should open in
order to lower the CO2 level and if CO2 level is less or equal to 500 ppm,
the fresh air damper should remain close.
Recommendations
We recommend repairing all identified faulty CO 2 sensors. In order to
maintain the CO2 level less than 500 ppm in the room, set point for CO 2
should be 500 ppm. If CO 2 level increases more than 500 ppm, the fresh
air damper should open and vice versa.
Benefits
The replacement of faulty CO2 sensors will improve the indoor air quality
and also improve the loading on chiller by controlling the fresh air supply.

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OBSERVATION NO. 3

INSTALL AMBIATORS
CAFETERIA

IN

PLACE

OF

AHUs

OF

During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, the food court were
studied in detail for possible energy saving opportunities. The following
are the observations made.
Present status
Presently air conditioning in cafeteria is catered by two AHUs and 35 TR is
the installed chiller load. The room temperature is expected to be
maintained around 24 to 26C.
It is always recommended to maintain fresh air circulation in the cafeteria
as it reduces the recirculation of air and helps in reducing the toxins in the
air.
There is a good potential to substitute the chilled water AHUs with
ambiators in the cafeteria. The temperatures which can be attained by
using ambiators is 24 to 28oC (varies depending on seasons). An ambiator
reduces the temperature of circulating air in two stages:
Working Principle of Ambiator
Sensible Heat Exchanger (Stage 1): The air from the atmosphere is
sucked in through 20 micron (standard norms) dust filters and is forced
across a heat recuperator consisting of a cross flow, wet plate plastic heat
exchanger, which has an efficiency of about 60%.
The air that flows through the heat exchanger is never in direct contact
with water (which is passing on the other side of the heat exchanger).
The wet side of the heat exchanger is covered with a hydrophilic material,
which maintains a thin film of water that evaporates when the sensible
heat is transferred to the wet side.
A portion of the cooled air picks up the evaporating water and exhausts
out. About 15 20% of the total air available is used up this way. The air
that comes out of this heat exchanger will be significantly colder than the
ambient.
Adiabatic Heat Exchanger (Stage 2): The air that is coming from the
heat recuperator is then passed through an evaporative cooling module,
which consists of a cellulose media made up of a speciality material called
Celdek, which is constantly kept wet with a water drip.
Part of the sensible heat in the air is converted into latent heat and the air
is finally delivered in to the conditioned space at significantly lower
temperature than the intake.
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Ambiator based Air Conditioning System salient features


Advantages

Limitations

Lower capital cost

Lowest cooling temperatures achieved is


around 25oC

Power requirement only 0.5 to


0.6 kW/TR

Relative Humidity 60 percent, as against


40-60 percent achievable with a
conventional system

100% fresh air on continuous


basis against 10 percent for
conventional Air-conditioning

Ambiator is bulkier and has to be


mounted in open space

Applications of the Ambiators include Comfort cooling in offices, hospitals,


factories, cinema halls, floriculture, control rooms, DG sheds, compressor
rooms, hotels, restaurants, show rooms, departmental stores and other
areas, where there is need for clean fresh cool air. Ambiators have been
installed in many IT and industrial buildings
Further to this technological advancement, the development of control
systems called the hybrid air conditioning systems uses all the three
systems of ventilation, ambiation and chiller system for airconditioning. Especially in climatic conditions prevalent at a city like
Bangalore, the following modes of operation would be best suited power
saving without compromising on the factor of human comfort.
Ventilation: During winter season and during nights the ambient
conditions is cooler than that for human comfort. Thus in such conditions
the hybrid control system will operate in ventilation mode and minimize
the power consumption of the air conditioning system.
Ambiator: During moderate climatic conditions, the hybrid control
system would automatically shift to the ambiator mode and optimize the
power consumption. While doing this, the ambiator will ensure that the
conditioned space is maintained at 24C to 26C and 60% RH.
Chiller: At times when both ventilation and ambiator system are not able
to cater to the air conditioning requirements of the work space, a number
of chillers are started to boost the cooling capability of ambiator. In other
words, in summer season and during day, the ambiator would
precondition to the maximum extent possible and then the chiller system
would further condition/fine tune the circulating air, thus, reducing the
heat load on the chiller system.
Since the climatic condition in Hyderabad has a very low humidity the
chiller will be seldom used and the ambiator is capable of maintaining a
temperature of 26oC without chiller application. Also, during the rainy
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season the humidity is high and the ambiator water spray can be switched
off as the ambiators will not be significantly reduce the temperature of
incoming air and will further increase the humidity of air. Thus during the
rainy season only the ambiator fans can be operated and water spray
system can be switched off.
Thus it is advisable to install a hybrid air conditioning system that
automatically decides the best suited mode of operation among
ventilation, ambiator and chilling based on the ambient climatic condition.
The schematic diagram of Ambiator is shown below:

Unit

kW / TR

Conventional

0.6 1.0

Ambiator

0.2 0.3

Presently the chiller is being operating at 0.65 kW/TR.


Recommendation
We recommend the following:
Install Ambiator for AHU in the cafeteria. In this case, entire AHU need
not be replaced.
Benefits

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The two 70 TR AHUs can be replaced with the ambiators and total 0.3
kW/TR can be improved by installing the ambiators. The energy saving
potential of 20 kW is available. The annual energy saving potential of Rs.
3.10 Lakhs is available. The cost of installing the two ambiators is
around Rs. 10.00 Lakhs. Simple payback period is 39 months.

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OBSERVATION No. 4
REPLACE THE DOUBLE GLAZED
CONDENSATION IS OBSERVED

GLASSES

WHERE

During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the


HVAC system was studied in detail to identify the opportunities for energy
conservation.
TSI Waverock has extensive glass faade on all the sides. Glass as a
medium brings natural light into the conditioned space and along with it
also allows heat ingress inside the building which adds to the energy
spent on cooling the interiors. In TSI Waverock, Double glazed glasses are
installed to reduce the heat ingress into the building. CII congratulates
the TSI Wave rock team for the excellent initiative.
During the detailed energy audit, it was understood from the plant team
that condensation was observed in around 130 numbers of glass facades.
This indicates that there is a leak in the double glazed glass and the inert
gas in between the glass is leaked. This results in external heat ingress
into the building resulting in excess load on the HVAC system.
Recommendation
We recommend to
Refill the double glazed glass with an inert gas (argon/krypton)
Seal the double glazed glass
This results in reduced heat load on the HVAC system.

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OBSERVATION No. 5

OPTIMIZE THE LIGHTING VOLTAGE AT MDB-9 and


MDB-11
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
lighting system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy
conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
The lighting load is catered by two separate feeders MDB- 9 and MDB- 11.
The lighting in the campus is done by:
T5 and LED lamps in parking levels
CFLs in E floor
HPSV lamps for street lighting
The lighting voltage is maintained around 241 V. The lighting voltage and
load is measured for the above two feeders and is as follows:
Area

Voltage (V)

Load (kW)

MDB 9

241

50.7

MDB 11

241

26.8

Present lighting circuit voltage is being maintained on higher side. The


optimum voltage for lighting should be in the range of 210-215 V.
Maintaining higher voltages in lamps causes,
Increase in power consumption
Reduction in life of lamp
1% reduction in supply voltage results in:
1% reduction in power consumption
Life span of
manufacturer

lamps

is

maintained

as

specified

by

the

Proposed Scenario
By maintaining the voltage at 210 V, 12.5 % of the power can be saved.
Hence it is suggested to install lighting transformers at the above
locations and maintain the voltage at 210 V.
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The recommended KVA of transformers is as indicated:


Location

Voltage (V)

Power
(kW)

Connected Recommended
Load
transformer KVA
(kW)
rating

MDB 9

241

50.71

276

400

MDB - 11

241

26.84

138

200

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OBSERVATION No. 6

SOLAR POWERED STREET LIGHTING


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the
lighting system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy
conservation opportunities.
Existing Scenario
There are 69 Nos of 70 W HPSV lamps installed for street lighting. The
power consumption of these lamps is around 5 kW.
Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to replace these HPSV lamps with 1X18 W LEDs. A 1.5
kW capacity solar panel can be installed and the requirements of street
lighting can be met through renewable energy.
The solar powered street lighting reduces dependency on conventional
power. It contributes towards green energy and offers long term benefits.
Moreover, it helps in meeting requirements like RPO (Renewable Purchase
Obligation). A green building is expected to derive certain percentage of
its total energy consumption from renewable sources to meet the green
building standards for existing buildings.
Light Emitting Diode (LED) is the latest technology and offers the
following advantages:
Advantages of LED
LED technology is highly compatible for solar lighting as low-voltage
power supply is sufficient for LED illumination.
LED offers more focused light and reduced glare. Moreover, it does not
contain pollutants like mercury
Lower energy consumption: The energy consumption of LEDs is low
when compared to the other conventional sources for the same amount of
Lumen output.
High S/P ratio: LEDs have higher scotopic/photopic ratio (S/P ratio).
The eye has two primary light sensing cells called rods and cones cones
function in day light and process visual information whereas rods function
in night light. The cone dominated vision is called photopic and the rod
dominated vision is called scotopic. The S/P ratio indicates the measure of
light that excites rods compared to the light that excites cones. In office
environments, illumination is more effective if the S/P ratio is high as it is
under scotopic region. LEDs hence are ideally suited for these applications
as they have a high S/P ratio.
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Longer life time: LEDs have longer life time of around 1,00,000 hours.
This is equivalent to 11years of continuous operation or 22 years of 50%
operation.
Faster switching: LED lights reach its brightness instantly upon
switching and can frequently be switched on/off without reducing the
operational life expectancy.
Greater durability and reliability: As LEDs are solid-state devices and
uses semi-conductor material; they are sturdier than conventional
sources that uses filaments or glass. LEDs can also withstand shock,
extreme temperatures and vibration as they dont have fragile materials
as components.
Good Colour Rendering Index (CRI): The color rendering index, i.e.,
measure of a light sources ability to show objects as perceived under
sunlight is high for LEDs. The CRI of natural sunlight is 100 and LEDs offer
CRI of 80 and above.
Recommendation
It is recommended to replace the existing 70 W HPSV lamps with 1X18 W
LEDs. A 1.5 kW capacity solar panel can be installed and the requirements
of street lighting can be met through renewable energy.

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

CHAPTER - VI

UTILIZATION OF WATER IN TSI WAVEROCK


FACILITY
Background
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, detailed water
conservation study was conducted for possible water savings.
There are two water sources for the facility. One from Municipal
Corporation and the other is from ground water. The inlet from the
municipal line and ground water directly goes to the fire water tanks
(2nos. of 100 KL each). The overflow from Fire water tank goes to the
Raw water tanks (2nos. of 175 KL each). From the raw water tank, water
is passed through sand filter and carbon filter before storing it in the
Domestic water tanks (2 nos. of 175 KL each). Water is pumped to two
overhead tanks on the terrace from the domestic water tanks for
domestic purposes in the facility. There is also an alternate supply line
from the domestic water tank to the softener tank through a softener. The
softener tank water is pumped to the cooling towers as cooling tower
makeup water. However, the cooling tower makeup water is mainly
catered by the treated STP water. The water from softener tank is used
only as a backup.
Fresh water from the overhead tank is mainly used for toilets and kitchen
areas in the facility. The water from these areas are treated in the STP
and then passed through the sand filter, carbon filter and softener and
checked for hardness before using it in the cooling tower as makeup
water. A portion of the treated STP water is used for gardening purposes.
CII congratulates the plant team for efficient utilization of water in
recycling and using it for cooling tower makeup and for gardening
purposes.
Shift wise consumption details of water consumption for cooling tower
makeup and for gardening and the power consumed for the pumps is also
monitored in every shift. CII congratulates the facility management for
the good practice followed in the facility.
Major loss of water in the entire system is the cooling tower blowdown
and evaporation losses. In TSI Waverock, the cooling tower blowdown is
automatic depending on the conductivity of the water measured by
installed conductivity sensors.
During the detailed energy audit, the blowdown losses and the
evaporation losses are calculated to analyze the cooling tower operation
and water losses in the cooling tower.

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CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Equations and formulae used for calculating the losses are:


Evaporation loss = 0.00085 x 1.8 x circulation rate (m3/hr) x (T1-T2)
Cooling tower Make up = Blowdown + Evaporation losses + Windage
losses (negligible)
Cycle of Concentration = 1 + (Evaporation losses/Blowdown)
During the detailed energy audit, the water flows for different operation
cycles of cooling towers were measured. The delta T varied from 3 to 5
deg C depending on the ambient conditions and an average of 4 deg C is
considered for calculations.
CT's in Operation Water flow (m3/hr) Delta T (deg C)
1

600

730

1064

The evaporation losses in all three cases (i.e. 1 CT running, 2 CTs running
and 3 CTs running) are calculated as follows:
Evaporation loss with 1 CT

=
=

3.67 m3/hr
88 m3/day

Evaporation loss with 2 CT

=
=

4.46 m3/hr
107 m3/day

Evaporation loss with 3 CT

=
=

6.51 m3/hr
156 m3/day

The cooling tower make up is calculated as (considering the average


consumption of 4 days @ three shifts per day).
= (233 + 219 + 178 + 185) / 4
= 204 m3/day
Neglecting windage losses,
Cooling tower Make up = Blowdown + Evaporation losses
Blowdown = Cooling tower makeup Evaporation losses
Blowdown losses with 1 CT Operation

=
=

204 88
116 m3/day

Blowdown losses with 2 CT Operation

=
=

204 107
97 m3/day

Blowdown losses with 3 CT Operation

204 156

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48 m3/day

Cycle of Concentration with 1 CT

=
=

1 + (88/116)
1.75

Cycle of Concentration with 2 CT

=
=

1 + (107/97)
2.10

Cycle of Concentration with 3 CT

=
=

1 + (156/48)
4.25

The ideal cycle of concentration (COC) is in the range of 5. Presently,


three cooling towers are in operation and the calculated cycle of
concentration (COC) is 4.25. Therefore the current system operation is
efficient.

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

CHAPTER - VII

MANAGEMENT ASPECTS & CONCLUSIONS


5.0

THE OBJECTIVES OF TSI BUSINESS PARKS (HYDERABAD)


PVT. LTD. SHOULD
Make Energy conservation a permanent activity at TSI Business
Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd.
To achieve power consumption reduction possible in the facility
To reduce the electrical energy consumption to the minimum
To have a firm top management commitment, so that, the
company achieves energy conservation on a time bound basis.
To implement the
maximum benefits

5.1

recommended

proposals

and

reap

the

Approach to An Energy Conservation Idea


Each energy conservation idea should be seen as an opportunity for
improvement. The approach must be on how to implement each
proposal and overcome the problems, if any.
It is easier to say a proposal is not possible or not implementable
but the benefit comes from the actual implementation, which needs
lot of courage, conviction, will power and perseverance to
implement.

5.2

Specific Recommendation
TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. should form an energy
conservation committee. The committee should consist of senior
operating, electrical and maintenance personnel.
The committee should meet once in a month with a specific agenda
to review the progress of implementation of proposals and to guide
the implementation team.
The energy manager of TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd.
should coordinate all the implementation activities. The main
responsibility of implementing the proposals and achievement of
savings should be with the concerned operating and maintenance
personnel and not with the energy manager.
The immediate task of TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd.
should be to implement the identified proposals and get the
savings.

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

We would recommend TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. to


introduce a suggestion scheme for energy conservation. The energy
conservation committee should review all suggestions and good
proposals should be implemented. The originator for the good
suggestion, which has been successfully implemented, has to be
rewarded.
5.3

Assign Specific Responsibility


While the overall responsibility for energy conservation rests with
the top management, the concerned facility operations /
maintenance personnel should implement and report progress on
energy saving proposals.
Therefore, each and every energy saving proposal should be
assigned to a specific operation / maintenance personnel for
implementation and monitoring. The suggested format is enclosed
as Annexure B.
Specific time bound action plan is required for implementation and
monitoring of energy saving proposals.

5.4

Monitoring Of Proposals
All the implemented proposals are to be monitored on a proposalby-proposal basis for actual achievement of savings on a monthly
basis.

5.5

Motivational Aspects
The successful management of energy depends on motivation of
technical personnel and their commitment. For this reason, TSI
Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. should carry out the following
motivational aspects to sustain energy conservation activities.
Send operating, electrical and maintenance personnel for training
programs in specific areas like:
Pumps
Fans & Blowers
Refrigeration and Air conditioning
Motors
Lighting
Conduct in-house training programme on energy management.
Organize visits for executives to similar facilities to know the
energy conservation / best operational practices etc.
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

5.6

Conclusions
TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. team and CII
energy audit team together have identified 10 proposals for
implementation.
An annual savings potential of Rs. 75.47 Lakhs can be realized
by implementing the recommended proposals
Out of the total savings identified Rs. 22.87 Lakhs can be
achieved without any significant investment.
The remaining savings of Rs. 52.60 Lakhs can be achieved with
an investment of Rs. 54.06 Lakhs which will be paid back in 13
Months.
Implementation of identified proposals should be given top
priority and should be done step by step.
The major supplier address is enclosed as Annexure A
TSI BUSINESS PARKS (HYDERABAD) PVT. LTD.
Assign specific responsibility for implementation of proposals
Monitor savings achieved on a proposal by proposal basis.
Monitor overall power consumption and reduction in energy
consumption equipment-wise
TSI Business Parks (Hyderabad) Pvt. Ltd. should have the
goal of sustaining the status of the energy efficient building.

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CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Chapter VIII
Annexure

Confederation of Indian Industry


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Confederation of Indian Industry


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AnnexureA
SUPPLIER ADDRESS
VFD and other drives
1. Rockwell Automation India
Pvt. Ltd. (Allen-Bradley India
Ltd.)
C - 11, Industrial Area
Site - 4, Sahibabad
Ghaziabad - 201 010
Tel: +91 120 2895245, 2895252
Fax: +91 120 2895226

4. Danfoss Industries Pvt. Ltd.


296, Old Mahabalipuram Road
Sholinganallur
Chennai - 600 119
Tel : 044- 24503511-16
Fax: 044-24503521,18
E-mail:
danfoss.india@danfoss.com

2. Asea Brown Boveri (ABB) Ltd.


Plot No. 5 & 6, II Phase
Peenya Industrial Area
P B No. 5806, Peenya
Bangalore - 560 058
Tel: +91 80 2294 9585
Fax: +91 80 2294 9389

5. Larsen & Toubro Ltd


Headquarters
Mount Poonamallee Road
Manapakkam
P.B.No.979, Chennai 600 089
Tel: 044-22526000, 22528000
Fax: 044-2249 3317

3. Control Techniques India Ltd.


117/B, Developed Plot
Industrial Estate, Perungudi
Chennai - 600 096
Tel : 044 - 2496 1123/1130/1083
044 - 42152091
Fax: 044 2496 1602
Email:
ct.india@controltechniques.com

6. Eurotherm DEL India Limited


152, Developed plots Estate
Perungudi
Chennai 600096
Ph: 044 24961129, 24961186,
24961230
Fax: 044 24961831
E-Mail: info.in@eurotherm.com

7. Siemens Ltd., Bangalore -A&D


3rd Floor, Jyoti Mahal.No.49
St. Marks Road
Bangalore - 560 001
Ph: 080 - 22042000, 22219450,
22219460, 22042000
Fax: 080 22224131, 22489320

8. Schneider Electric India Ltd.


(Corporate Office)
A-29, Mohan Co-operative
Industrial Estate, Mathura Road
New Delhi, Delhi
India - 110 044
Tel: 011- 41590000, 42590000;
Fax: 011-41678010/11/12
Email: in-care@in.schneiderelectric.com

1.

ENERGY EFFICIENT MOTORS


Kirloskar Electric Co.
23371771
Limited
Fax : +91-80-23372488
Post Box No. 5555
Malleshwaram West
2.
Siemens Limited
Bangalore 560 055
Kalwe Works
Tel : +91-80-23572111,
Belapur Road
Confederation of Indian Industry
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Thane 400 601


Tel: +91 22 27600001-04
Fax: +91 22 2762 3730
3.

ABB Global Services Ltd.


#49, 2nd Floor,
E-Wing Khanija Bhavan Race
Course Road
Bangalore - 560 001
Tel: +91 80 22949150-53
Fax: +91 80 2353245

4.

Crompton Greaves Limited.


CG House, 6th Floor,
Dr. Annie Besant Road.
Worli, Mumbai - 400 030

6.

INDIA.
Tel : +91 022 2423 7777
Fax : +91 022 24382288
5.

Bharat Bijilee Limited


37, Lady Curzon Road
II floor, Ramanashree Chambers
Bangalore 560 001
Tel: 080-25595547/ 25592646
Fax: 080-5592823
Email:
bblbangalore@blr.bharatbijlee.co
m
bblbangalore@gnblr.global.net.in

Baldor Electric India Pvt Ltd


19, Commerce Avenue
Mahaganesh Colony
Paud Road
Pune 411 038
Ph: 020 2545 2717 / 18
AUTOMATIC STAR-DELTA-STAR CONVERTOR

1. Vijay Energy Products Pvt.


Ltd.
Sagar Apartmenst G F
No 23 Gopalakrishna Road
T Nagar
Chennai 600017
Tel: 044 28156540, 28152906
Fax: 044 - 28152906
Email: vijayenergy@eth.net

2. Excellent Industrial
Instruments
1/63, E Type, SIDCO Nagar
Villivakkam, Chennai 600 049
Tel : 044 26172977
Fax : 044 26172531
Email: xlenergy@vsnl.net
Web: www.xlntenergy.com

LIGHTING ENERGY SAVER / LIGHTING TRANSFORMER


1. BEBLEC (INDIA) PVT. LTD.,
P.O. # 3411, 711, 6th " B" CROSS
3RD BLOCK, KORAMANGALA
BANGALORE - 560 034.
(KARNATAKA) INDIA
Phone: 91 - 080
25520831/25530831/25531752/
25535734
Fax: 91 - 080 25530807
e mail: info@beblec.com
2. Beblec (India) Pvt. Ltd.,
126, Sipcot Indl. Complex
Hosur - 635 126 (TN)

Tel : 91-4344276358/278658/276958/276959
Fax: 91-4344-276358/59
3. Beblec India Pvt. Ltd.
III, Anand Estates
J M C Compound
189/A, S G Marg
Mumbai - 400 011
Tel: 022 - 23080078/23073321
Fax: 022 - 23071494
Email: mumbai@beblec.com

Confederation of Indian Industry


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4. ES Electronics (India) Pvt.


Ltd.
No. 438, 4th Main Road,
Nagendra Block,
B.S.K. Ist Stage, Bangalore 560050
Karnataka, India
Ph: 91-8026420623/624/26728761/26727
836
Fax: 91-8026420623/624/26728761/26727
836
6. Servomax India Limited
No 38 E.C.Extn, ECIL (post)
Hyderabad-500062. INDIA
Ph: 91 40 27123927, 27123279
www.servomax.net
7. Consul Consolidated Private
Limited

Key Personnel
Mr. R. Sekar (Managing Director)
Mobile: +91 - 9448491548,
9844136209, 919448354504
5. Jindal Electricals
390 A, Industrial Area-A,
Ludhiana-141003
Phone : 0091-161-2607271,
2220035, 2600051
Fax : 0091-161- 2600385
E-Mail :je@jindalelectricals.com
9/6, Ist Street, Venkateshwara
Nagar, Adyar
Chennai -600 020, Tamil Nadu,
India.
Phone : +(91)-(44)
24403473/24403476
Fax : +(91)-(44)-24403470
E-mail : consul@vsnl.com,
npkrishnan@consulindia.com

AUTOMATIC VOLTAGE CONTROLLER/STABILIZER


1. Consul Consolidated Private
Limited
9/6, Ist Street, Venkateshwara
Nagar, Adyar
Chennai -600 020, Tamil Nadu,
India.
Phone : +(91)-(44)
24403473/24403476
Fax : +(91)-(44)-24403470
E-mail : consul@vsnl.com,
npkrishnan@consulindia.com
2. Neel Controls
# 112, Minerva Industrial Estate
P K Road, Near Hercules Hoist
Mulund (W)
Mumbai 400 080
Ph: 022 2560 3371 / 2569
5047
Fax: 022 2568 3211
Email: harit@neel.in
3. Jindal Electric & Machinery
Corp.
C-57, Focal point, Ludhiana
141010

Ph: +91-161-2670250, 2676890,


2676968
Fax: 0161-2670252
E-mail: jemc@jindalelectric.com
4. Globe Rectifiers
Plot no. 211, sector-24
Faridabad-05, Haryana
Ph: +91-129-2237896/97,
4060708
Fax: 0129-2442072
E-mail:
globerectifiers@rediffmail.com,
gr@globerectifiers.com

5. Muskaan Engineers
423, Industrial area A
Ludhiana 03
Ph: +91-161-5088381
Fax: 5022381
Mob: 99157-03056, 94170-33948
E-mail:
info@muskaanengineers.com

Confederation of Indian Industry


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6. Power Engineers &


Consultants
E-731, Phase-VIII, focal point,
Opp. Hero cycle Ltd,
Ludhiana-10
Ph: +91-161-3294989
Fax: 0161-2303021
Mob: 9317562989, 9872862989
E-mail:
business@powerengineer.biz
Energy Efficient Lighting
GE Lighting
Plot No. 42/1 & 45/14,
Electronic City - Phase II
Bangalore - 560100
Ph: +91-80-28528375-80 (Board
Numbers)
Lighting division Extn: 3128
Fax: +91-80-28528552
gelighting@geind.ge.com

Asian Electronics Ltd.


D-11, Road No. 28
Wagle Ind. Estate
Thane - 400 604, India
Ph: 022 - 2583 5504 - 09
Fax: 022 - 2582 7636
OSRAM India Pvt. Ltd.
Signature Towers, 11th Floor
Tower B, South City-I
Gurgaon 122001,
Haryana, India.
Tel: +91-124-4081581,
+91-124-4150100
Fax: +91-124-4081577
Havells India Ltd. (Corporate
office)
E-1, Sector 59, Noida-201307
(U.P.), India
Ph: +91-120 - 2477777
Fax: +91-120 - 2583904 /
2588182 / 2477666

Philips India Limited


Ashoka Estate, 9th Floor,
24, Barakhamba Road, Connaught
Place
New Delhi 110001
Ph: +91-1123353280
Ph: +91-1123321167
Fax: +91-1123314332
Email: s.k.dangi@philips.com

Havells India Ltd.


304, 308, 3rd Floor, 19th
Brigade Garden
Church Street, Bangalore-560001
Ph: 080-25594397-98
Fax: 080-25590130
E-mail: bangalore@havells.com
LED LAMPS

1. Binay Opto Electronics Pvt


Ltd.
44, Armenian Street
Calcutta 700 001
Ph: 033 22103807, 22429082,
22102039
Fax : 033 22421493
Email: binay@vsnl.com
info@binayLED.com
3. Kwality Electricals Pvt. Ltd.
Mfg. Solar Modules & LED
Lighting
3-6-145/9, Himayatnagar
Hyderabad 500 029

2. Kanmur Electronics (P) Ltd.


(LED & Motor Control)
44, Puramprakasa road
Balaji Nagar, Royapettah
Chennai-600 014
Tel: 91-44-28130353/91-4428131982
Fax: 91-44-28131982
Email: kanmur@vsnl.com

Ph: 040 2322 6889


Fax: 040 2344 0571
Email: gupta01@kwalityindia.com
kwality@kwalityindia.com

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

4. CKON VISIONS PVT. LTD.


Oberoi Chambers I
4th Floor, OPP. SAB TV
New Link Road, Andheri (West)
Mumbai - 400053
Ph : 022 - 26733398, 26733472,
73
Fax : 022 26742965
E-mail: ckonimpex@vsnl.net,
ckonimpex@gmail.com
5. OSRAM India Pvt. Ltd.
Signature Towers, 11th Floor
Tower B, South City-I
Gurgaon 122001
Haryana, India.

Tel: +91-124-4081581,
+91-124-4150100
Fax: +91-124-4081577
6. IC NASA LED Lights
Chandmor Agencies 10/76, Old
Anand Nagar
Next toReliance Energy,
Santacruz (E), Mumbai 400
055
Ph: 022 26101930 / 31 / 32,
Fax: 26102419
Contact Person Name
Mona 0 98201 22652

INDUCTION LAMPS
Bajaj Electricals Ltd
H. No. 6-3-1090/2, 3rd Floor
Vithal Das Chambers,
Rajbhavan Road, Somaji guda,
Hyderabad - 500 082
Phone : 040-23442932, 23442933,
23442934
Fax : 040-23302745
Email :
gv.reddy@bajajelectricals.com
naveenk@bajajelectricals.com

Excess (Excellence In Energy


Saving Solutions)
2nd Street, Kothari Layout, No. 11,
Opposite Stock Exchange,
Singanallur
Coimbatore - 641 005, Tamil Nadu,
India

Mr. P V Venkatesh
Mob- 08376806624
CAPACITORS

1. Momaya Capacitors
401, Madhav Apartments
Jawahar Road, Opp. Rly. Stn.
Ghatkopar (East)
Mumbai - 400 077
Tel: 022 - 25168281/82,
65754001/02
Fax: 022 - 2516 0758
2. Baron Power
No. 3, Karpagambal Nagar,
Mylapore, Tamil Nadu, India
Ph: +91-44-24356383/84/86,
42131849/50
Fax: +91-44-24356385

Mr. Omer Kaiser


(Business Development
Manager)
Meher Capacitors (P) Ltd.
#52/1, Basappa Rd.,
Bangalore
Karnataka, India - 560027
Ph: 080-57704962
Mob: 09845019200
Fax: 080-22225325
4. EPCOS India Private Ltd.
14/2, Brunton Road
Bangalore 560 025
Tel : +91 80 40390615,
40390640

3. Meher Capacitors
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Fax : +91 80 40390603


sales.in@epcos.com
5. EPCOS India Private Ltd.
Mehta Industrial Estate
Mathuradas Vasanji Road
Chakala, Anheri (East)
Mumbai 400093
Tel: +91 22 26 83 26 50
+91 22 26 83 26 51
Fax: +91 22 26 83 26 45

6. EPCOS India Private Ltd.


11th Floor
28 Dr. Gopal Das Towers
Barakhamba Road
New Delhi- 110 001
Tel: + 91 11 23 70 41 43
+ 91 11 23 70 41 44
Fax: + 91 11 23 70 41 46

ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS


1. Enercon Systems Pvt Ltd.
23, KHB Light Industries Area
P B No.6418, Yelahanka
Bangalore
Tel : 080 8460666 / 8460555
Fax : 080 8460667
Email : marketing@enercon.co.in

2. Conzerv Systems Pvt. Ltd.


44P Electronic City East Phase
Hosur Road, Bangalore - 560 100
INDIA
Ph: 91 80 4118 9700
Fax: 91 80 4118 9729
91 80 41102659
email: contact@conzerv.com

3. KLG Systel
Plot No. 70A,
Sector - 34, Gurgaon - 122 004
Haryana (India)
Telephone: +91 (0) 124-4129900
Fax: +91 (0) 124-4129999
e-mail : klg.ho@klgsystel.com
Product Infra red sensor for lighting energy saving
Blue Technologies
61, shreepal chambers, 481/c shaniwar peth,
opp shaniwarwada, Pune - 411030, India.
Tel : +91 20 65209611 T/ F : 24468058,
Cell : +91 9371042444, 9326042444
bluesachin@gmail.com

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Fixed Speed Drive (Power Boss)


ASR ASSOCIATES,
Street No.71/2, 21st A Main
Marenahalli,
JP Nagar 2nd Phase
Bangalore 560 078
Ph: 91 80 26493204
Fax: 91 80 2665 1157
Email: info@asrgroup.net
Flat belts
2. Habasit-Iakoka Pvt. Ltd.
Goldwins
Civil Aerodrome Post
IND-Coimbatore, 641 014
Tel.: +91-(0)422-262 78 79, 262
84 20/21
Fax: +91-(0)422-262 72 14
Email:habasit.iakoka@habasit.com
Cogged flat Belts

1. Elgi Ultra Industries Ltd.


India House, Trichy Road
Coimbatore - 641 018. India.
Phone: 91 (422) 2304141
Fax: 91 (422) 2301377
Email: info@elgiultra.com

K. K. Rubber Company (India) Pvt. Ltd.


51, Rani Jhansi Road
New Delhi 110055
India
Telephone: +91 11 23619942, 23531215
23612072, 23679045
Fax: +91 11 23621862
Email: sales@kkrubber.com
Fenner India Ltd
Khivraj Complex II
V Floor, 480, Anna Salai
Nandanam, Chennai - 600 035
India
Tel: +91-44-24312450 to 57
Fax: +91-44-24349016, 24320193
ptd_mhq@fennermail.com
Automatic Power Factor Controllers / Harmonic Filters
Baron Power Ltd
1, Second Cross Street
Seethamma Colony Extension
Teynampet, Chennai - 600018
TamilNadu, India.
Office: 044-24356383/84&86 /
42131849/50, Fax: 044-24356385
Office Mobile: 93810 47234

(Marketing), 93828 21143


(Technical)
Email: baronpower@vsnl.net
baronpower@satyam.net.in
corporate@baronpower.com
Crompton Greaves Limited.
CG House, 6th Floor

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Dr. Annie Besant Road


Worli, Mumbai - 400 030
India
Tel: +91 022 2423 7777
Fax: +91 022 2423 7788

Email:
subramaniam.ravichandran@cummin
s.com
Neel Controls
#112, Minerva Industrial Estate
P K Road, Near Hercules Hoist
Mulund (W), Mumbai 400 080
Ph: 022 2560 3371 / 2569 5047
Fax: 022 2568 3211

Cummins India Limited


Power Generation Business Unit
35 A/1/2 Erandawana
Pune 411 038
Ph: 020 6602 7525
Fax: 020 6602 8090

ABB Limited
Khanija Bhavan, 2nd Floor
East Wing, No. 49, Race Course Road
Bangalore - 560 001
Ph: 080 - 22949150 to 54
Fax: 080 - 22949148

Contact Person
Mr. S Ravichandran
General Manager
Mob: 098220 93785
UPS
APC
# 16, Row House, Goyal Inter City
Behind Drive in cinema, Thaltej
Road, Thaltej
Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380 054
India
Ph: (079) 2684 0124/ 324

APC
# 5, Lake Avenue,
Near Mudiali Bus Stop
Kolkata, West Bengal 700 026
India
Ph: (033)2465 5519, 2463 0064

Numeric Power Systems Ltd


"Numeric House"
No 5, Sir P.S Sivasami Salai
Mylapore, Chennai - 600 004, India.
Phone: 91-44-2499 3266 (10 Lines)
Fax: 91-44-2499 5760, 24998210
Email:
npsl.corporate@numericups.com

Emerson Network Power


Plot No. C - 20, Road No.19
Wagle Industrial Estate
Thane (West), PIN - 400604
Maharashtra
Tel: 022 67208000/8002/7800
Fax: 022 - 25828358, 25800829,
25824286

Consul Consolidated Private Limited


9/6, Ist Street, Venkateshwara Nagar, Adyar
Chennai -600 020, Tamil Nadu, India.
Phone: + (91)-(44) 24403473/24403476
Fax: + (91)-(44)-24403470
E-mail: consul@vsnl.com, npkrishnan@consulindia.com
Frp Blades For Mancoolers & Air Washers
ENCON (INDIA)
2B/06, Shivkripa,
N. C. Kelkar Road, Dadar (West)
Mumbai - 400 028, India.
Ph: +91 22 2437 2949 / 2430 6578
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Fax: +91 22 2431 0992 / 2432 1929


Email: enconindia@vsnl.com
Email: akrai@encongroups.com
Amalgamated Indl. Composites P. Ltd.
Unit No.111 /112, Ashok Service Industrial Estate
L.B.S. Marg, Bhandup (West)
Mumbai - 400 078. India
Tel: 022-25964566, Tele Fax: 022-25346920 / 25963611
Email: info@aicomposites.com
Energy Efficient Pumps
Sulzer Pumps India Ltd.
9 MIDC, Thane Belapur Road
Digha, Navi Mumbai 400 708
Ph: + 91-22-65134321-28, 39130500
Fax: + 91-22-2760 6814
E-mail: spisales@sulzer.com
Grundfos Pumps India Private Ltd.
118 Old Mahabalipuram Road
Thoraipakkam, Chennai 600 097
Tel: +91 44 2496 6800
Fax: +91 44 2496 6969
Kirloskar Brothers Ltd. Fax: +91 20 2444-0824,
Udyog Bhavan, Tilak Road, 2444-4198,2444-0156
Pune 411 002 (India)
Ph: +91 20 24440770
Email: kblin@kbl.co.in
Energy efficienct fans
Dustech Engineers Pvt Ltd
Contact Person : Mr R K Gupta [Dir]
Address : P-27 2nd Flr malviya Ngr Mkt
New Delhi - 110017,
Delhi,
India.
Telephone No. : 91-011-6686085
Aerotech Equipments & Projects (p) Ltd.
101-a, Ansal Sumedha, Raj Nagar Distt. Centre, Ghaziabad - 201001, Uttar Pradesh,
India.
91-120-2710513 / 2711513
TCF-NADI Industrial Fans Pvt. Ltd.
Ponniammanmedu
No. 34, G.N.T. Road
Madhavaram, Chennai, 600 110 Phone: 91-44-2553-2206
Fax: 91-44-2553-2205
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Email: nadiair@vsnl.net
Website: www.nadiindia.com
Low pressure drop flow meters
Emerson Process Management (India) Private Ltd.
D-Wing, 2nd Floor, Modern Mills Compound
Sane Guruji Marg, Jacob Circle, Mahalaxmi
Mumbai 400011
India
Tel +91 22 5662-0566
Fax +91 22 5662-0500
Email : Marcom@EmersonProcess.co.in
Switzer Instrument Limited
9, South Boag Rd. T.Nagar,
CHENNAI (Madras) - 600 017 India
Phone : +91-44-2434 0999/3956/4321
Fax: +91-44-24347887
email: sales@switzerinstrument.com
Chandak Instruments Pvt. Ltd.
G-004, Smruti, Opp. Dhanwatey
National College, Congress Nagar,
Nagpur-440012 (India)
Phone : +91-712-2420025
Fax
: +91-712-2420026
info@chandakinstruments.com
www.chandakinstruments.com
Air conditioning system
United Engineering Corporation
147, R P Road, Secunderabad-500 003
Telefax: 2754-5501, 1113, 3559, 2753-8956
Email: uecajay@gmail.com & hyd2_uecajay@sancharnet.in
Visit: www.smartcool.co.in
Insulations
Megha Insulations Pvt Ltd.
A-11/6th Floor, Dada Saheb Flats
Kalanala, Bhavnagar 364001
Ph: 0278-3004523/26
Fax: 0278-3004728
Email: mipl@meghainsulation.com
Contact Person
Mr H V Shah -98252-07723 & 94262-12823
Mrs. Madhu: 98795-46523

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Energy Management Software


Manoj Telrandhe
Manager Knowledge Based Businesses & ITes
SEE-Tech Solutions Pvt. Ltd.
11/5, Lets Conserve, MIDC InfoTech Park
Near VRCE Telephone Exchange
South Ambazari Road, Nagpur-440 022
Mobile: +91-9975325831
Ph: 0712-2222177
Fax: 0712-2225293
Web: www.letsconserve.org
Email: utisave@gmail.com
seemil_ngp@sancharnet.in
Suppliers for Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Study and Analysis
Mahindra Satyam Technology Centre
Bahadurpally Village
R R Dist, Hyderabad 500 043
Telephone: +91 40 3063 5082
Mr Rahul S. Tamboli
Telephone: 040-3063-5271
Mobile: +91-998-550-6261
Mech-Well Industries Limited
Head Office: Contact person
Mr V T Jadhav
Marketing Executive
Mobile: 09223393614
7 - A, Old Anijrwadi, Mazgaon
Mumbai - 400 010
Tel: +91 - 22 - 2373 74 54
+91 - 22 - 2374 23 54
Fax: +91 - 22 - 2371 94 46
PL Engineering Limited
(A Punj Lloyd Group Company)
76 Institutional Area, Sector 32
Gurgaon - 122001, India
Contact Person
Mr Priya Ranjan Kumar
DGM - Business Development
Mob: 07411021920, Bangalore

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Disclaimer
While every care has been taken in compiling this list, Confederation of
Indian Industry does not accepts any claim for compensation, if any entry is
found to be wrong, abbreviated, omitted or inserted incorrectly either as to
the wording space or position in the list. While attempts are being made
continuously to make the list as elaborate, as possible CII wishes to inform
that neither the list of technologies nor list of suppliers for a given product /
technology is comprehensive. The list is only an attempt to create awareness
on energy conservation and sharing of best practices being adopted in Indian
Industry.

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Annexure-B
FORMAT FOR MONITORING THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ENERGY SAVING PROPOSALS
Sl.
No

Annual
Savings
(Rs.Lakhs)

Investment
Required
(Rs.Lakhs)

Payback
Period
(Months)

5.20

NIL

Immediate

15.90

NIL

Immediate

3.39

8.00

28

Option 1: Avoid recirculation in


the Domestic Water Pump

0.08

NIL

Immediate

Option 2: Install a new energy


efficient Domestic Water Pump

0.19

0.35

23

Segregate chiller condenser


system and DX chillers

0.95

0.85

11

Energy Saving Proposals

Reduce the static pressure set


point in AHU

Optimize cooling tower


operation

Insulation paint to avoid heat


ingress through glass

Avoid recirculation and replace


the Domestic Water Pump

Confederation of Indian Industry

CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Person/Departmen
t Responsible

Target
Date

Remarks

Optimize the chilled water


system

8.48

11.00

16

Optimize the loading of


distribution
Transformers

1.69

NIL

Immediate

Replace the 2x28 W T5 lamps


with 1x20 W LEDs

21.73

19.50

11

Replace CFL lamps in E floor


lobby area with LEDs

0.25

0.88

42

Replace CFL lamps in sector B


with LEDs

17.61

13.48

10

75.47

54.06

10

Total

Confederation of Indian Industry

CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Chapter - IX
Back-up Calculations

Confederation of Indian Industry

CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 1

REDUCE THE STATIC PRESSURE SET POINT IN AHU


AHU

Static
Pressure, Pa

Required static
Pressure, Pa

%
loss

Power
saving

500

270

39.32

1.97

500

39.32

1.97

450

30.77

1.54

384

19.49

0.97

11

300

5.13

0.26

12

320

8.55

0.43

13

430

27.35

1.37

14

500

39.32

1.97

16

499

39.15

1.96

17

320

8.55

0.43

18

480

35.90

1.79

19

337

11.45

0.57

22

470

34.19

1.71

23

460

32.48

1.62

24

300

5.13

0.26

25

480

35.90

1.79

28

340

11.97

0.60

29

280

1.71

0.09

30

415

24.79

1.24

32

475

35.04

1.75

34

500

39.32

1.97

Power
Average
power of
AHU ~
5 kW

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

39

380

18.80

0.94

40

500

39.32

1.97

41

500

39.32

1.97

The average power consumption of an AHU is around 5 kW.


Calculations
For AHU 4
Power consumption

5 kW (Average for one AHU)

Present discharge pressure

500 Pa

Average operating head of AHU fan =

585 Pa (as per design)

Required discharge pressure

270 Pa

Reduction in discharge pressure

=
=

500 Pa 270 Pa
230 Pa

Percentage reduction in power

Reduction in pressure 100%


Total head
230 Pa 100%
585 Pa
39.32 %

=
=

5 kW 39.31%
1.97 kW

Power reduction

Similarly calculations for all AHU fans can be done.


Atleast 33 kW can be saved for all AHU fans which are operating with higher
discharge pressure.
Total annual savings

=
=

33 kW 12 hrs/day 250 hrs/annum


Rs. 5.30 / kWh
Rs. 5,24,700/Say Rs. 5.20 Lakhs

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 2

OPTIMIZE THE COOLING


CHILLER CONDENSERS

TOWER

OPERATION

FOR

During the Detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, the opportunities for
optimizing condenser water flow and cooling tower operation was studied in
detail for operation enhancement and energy savings.
Present Status
TSI Wave rock has installed 3 Nos of cooling towers. Of the three cooling
towers, generally one or two cooling towers are in operation and out of four CT
fans in each cooling tower, two CT fans are in operation.
Condenser water inlet temperature =

280C

Condenser water outlet temperature

310C

Wet bulb temperature

210C

condenser water inlet


temperature wet bulb
temperature
280C - 210C
70C

Range is calculated as
Approach of the cooling tower

=
=

For every 10C drop in condenser water temperature, the compressor power will
be reduced by 4 to 5 %.
The power consumption of fans is measured as:
Equipment

Frequency
Hz

Power consumption
in kW

CT-3 fan-2

50.9

6.51

CT-3 fan-1

50.8

6.6

CT-2 fan-4

51.8

12.42

CT-2 fan-3

51.4

10.59

CT-2 fan-1

47

9.6

CT-2 fan-2

51.4

10.83

Total

56 kW

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Each fan is consuming an average power of 9.4 kW. It is recommended to


operate all the fans in auto mode with temperature feedback from VFDs.
The average power consumption of CT fan (present) =

9.4 kW

Total power consumption (6 CT fans)

56.4 kW

Power consumption when speed is reduced

2.35 kW

Total power consumption (12 CT fans)

28.2 kW

Savings

=
=

56.4 28.2 kW
28.2 kW

By operating all the three cooling towers and CT fans, the cooling tower outlet
temperature could be achieved close to 250C.
For every 10C drop in condenser water inlet temperature, the compressor
power will be reduced by 4 %.
For a 30C drop in condenser water inlet temperature, there would be a power
reduction of at least 12%.
Considering 30C drop in condenser water inlet temperature, the saturation
temperature of refrigerator is reduced to 28.10C and the saturation pressure
also reduces correspondingly.
On an average, a pressure reduction of at least 100 kPa is possible from the
existing 750 kPa.
Pressure P2 at sat. temperature of 310C

750 kPa

Pressure P1 when sat temperature is decreased

650 kPa

Savings in compressor power

P2-P1_
P2+P0
(750 kPa-650 kPa)
750 kPa+101.3 kPa
11.7 %

Chiller kW at 70% load

532 kW

Reduction in compressor power

=
=

0.117 X 532 kW
62.01 kW

Total savings in KW

=
62.01+28.2 kW
=
around 90 kW
On a conservative basis, 75 kW of power reduction is considered to estimate
the savings.
Annual savings in Rs

=
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

75 kWX 4000 hours

=
=

X Rs. 5.3/kWh
Rs. 15,90,000/Rs. 15.90 Lakhs

Investment

Nil

Payback period

Immediate

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 3


INSULATION PAINT TO AVOID HEAT INGRESS THROUGH
GLASS
Present Status
TSI Wave rock has extensive glass faade on all the sides. Glass as a medium
brings natural light but also allows heat ingress inside the building which adds
to the energy spent on cooling the interiors. In TSI Wave-rock, double glazed
glasses are installed to reduce the heat ingress into the building.
It is recommended to coat glass area in the building with translucent insulation
paints. A heat transfer co-efficient value of at least 0.7 W/m2/K can be
achieved.
Heat ingress for double glazed glass per unit area
= U x T
= 1.3 W/m2K x 8 K
= 10.4 W/m2
Heat ingress for double glazed glass with nansulate coating per unit area
= U x T
= 0.7 W/m2K x 8 K
= 5.6 W/m2
Improvement in Heat Ingress

=
=

10.4 5.6 W/m2


4.8 W/m2

Savings in Refrigeration

4.8 W/m2
1000 x 3.516
0.0014 T.R/ m2

The Outer Glass area as given by TSI Waverock is 17,600 m2.


Annual Savings

0.0014 T.R/m2 x 4000 hrs/yr

=
=
=

x 0.65 kW/T.R x Rs. 5.3/ kWH


Rs. 19.29/m2
Rs. 19.29/m2 x 17,600 m2
Rs. 3,39,539
Say Rs. 3.39 Lakhs

Investment

=
=
=

Rs. 45/m2
Rs. 45/m2 x 17600 m2
Rs. 7,92, 000 = ~ Rs. 8 Lakhs

Payback Period

Rs. 8 Lakhs x 12
Rs. 3.39 Lakhs
28 months

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 4

AVOID RECIRCULATION IN DOMESTIC WATER PUMP


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad detailed
study of the pumping systems has been conducted for energy efficiency
opportunities.
During the audit, it was observed that there are three numbers of domestic
transfer pumps installed for transferring water from domestic water tank to
two overhead tanks 1&2. One pump operates and two pumps are used as
standby.
The design specifications of the pumps are:
Design Flow

9-24 m3/hr

Design Head

163-72 meters

Design kW

11 kW

Flow

28.4 m3/hr

Head

63 meters

Power Consumed

10.5 kW

The operating parameters are:

The static head of the pipeline is approximately 65 meters. This indicates that
there is a mismatch between the design specifications and the actual
requirement in pump operation. Therefore the pump is throttled to 50% to
avoid excess flow and tripping of the motor. The present operating efficiency of
the pump is 51.5%
A new proposed pump with the new design parameters reduces the power
consumption by 19% and operates with close to design operating efficiency.
Step 1:
We recommend the following changes in the domestic transfer pump:
2. Close the bypass valve completely, thereby bypassing the hydro
pneumatic system and the recirculation.
This results in reduction of recirculation flow back to the domestic water tank.
The recirculation from the pump is estimated at 8.5% of pump discharge. The
recirculation line has to be closed by closing the recirculation valve.
Power is directly proportional to the flow of the pump,
Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Power consumed by domestic water pump

10.5 kW

Saving Potential

=
=

0.085 x 10.5 kW
0.89 kW

Savings

0.89 kW x 5 hrs/day x 365 days


x Rs. 5.30/unit
Rs. 8,608
Rs. 0.08 Lakhs

=
=

There is no investment required for this project.


Step 2:
Replace the pump with an energy efficient pump with design specifications as:
Design Head

65 meters

Design Flow

28 m3/hr

Design power (pump)

8.6 kW

Design Efficiency

65%

Present Power Consumption

10.5 kW

New pump Power

=
=

28 m3/hr x 61 m
102 x 3.6 x .65 x 0.85
8.4 kW

Savings

2.0 kW

Cost Savings

Investment

=
=
=

2.0 kW x 5 hrs/day x 365 days


x Rs. 5.30/unit
Rs. 19,435
Rs. 0.19 Lakhs
Rs. 0.35 Lakhs

Payback

=
=

Rs. 0.35 Lakhs x 12 months


Rs. 0.19 Lakhs
23 months

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 5

SEGREGATE
CHILLERS

CHILLER

CONDENSER

SYSTEM

AND

DX

During the audit, it was observed that separate plate heat exchangers and
supplementary cooling water pumps are installed for the water cooled
packaged DX chillers. The DX chillers are used for two lift rooms on the
terrace, in the gym and recreation areas in 2 floor and electrical load centers
in the same floor.
It was observed during the audit that the cooling water to the plate heat
exchangers are being catered by the condenser pumps installed for main
chiller system
Total Condenser water flow

730 m3/hr

Flow through chiller condenser

540 m3/hr

Flow through the PHE

190 m3/hr

Supplementary cooling water pump design and operating parameters are given
below:
Design

Operating

Flow 166 m3/hr

Flow -

103 m3/hr

Head 26.5 meters

Head -

25 meters

Power 18.5 kW

Power-

8.5 kW

VFD is installed for the supplementary cooling water pump and the frequency
is maintained at 41 Hz during the audit. Still, the delta T across the plate heat
exchanger was measured to be 0.3oC which suggests that there is excess
cooling water flow in the plate heat exchangers.
Segregating the condenser water system avoids the 190 m3/hr condenser
water flow through the PHE. This 190 m3/h of flow can be completely avoided
by throttling the cooling water side of the heat exchanger after connecting the
supplementary cooling water system directly to the cooling tower.
Recommendation:
We recommend segregating the chiller cooling water system and the DX
chillers cooling water system by installing a separate pipeline to the cooling
tower from the DX chillers.
The delta T can be maintained at least around 3 oC by reducing the flow of
supplementary cooling water pump by at least 70% of the rated flow.

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

We recommend installing a new energy efficient pump


specifications for the supplementary cooling water pump:

of

following

Design Head

25 meters

Design Flow

40 m3/hr

Design Power

5.8 kW (pump)

Design Efficiency

55%

New pump Power

=
=

40 m3/hr x 25 m
102 x 3.6 x .60 x 0.85
5.33 kW

8.5 kW 5.33 kW

3.17 kW

Say 3.0 kW

3.0 kW x 6000 hrs/year


x Rs. 5.30/unit
Rs. 95,400
Rs. 0.95 Lakhs
Rs. 0.85 Lakhs (Including new pump

Power Savings

Cost Savings

Investment
and piping cost)
Payback

=
=
=
=
=

Rs. 0.85 Lakhs x 12 months


Rs. 0.95 Lakhs
11 months

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 6

OPTIMIZE THE CHILLED WATER SYSTEM


During the audit, it was observed that one chilled water pump is pumping
chilled water to both the buildings with different static heads. The operating
efficiency of the chilled water pump during the audit was calculated to be 43%.
The pump is operating in a lower efficiency zone since the user requirements
are different.
Presently, to compensate the flow in the phase 2.1, the valve is throttled in the
bar building for the water to flow to phase 2.1 since phase 2.1 has higher
static head.
This results in loss across the valve due to throttling. The total loss in power
occurred due to throttling of the valve is 52 %.
We recommend replacing the existing chilled water pump with a new energy
efficient pump of design specifications:
Design Head

15 meters

Design Flow

550 m3/hr

Design Power

30.2 kW

Design Efficiency

80%

The chilled water flow to be controlled with VFD with chiller loading as the
feedback
We recommend installing a separate chilled water pump with VFD for phase
2.1 with the design specifications:
Design Head

15 meters

Design Flow

550 m3/hr

Design Power

26 kW

Design Efficiency

75%

The chilled water flow in both the chilled water pumps is to be controlled with
VFD having chiller loading as the feedback
Assuming 300 m3/hr of chilled water flow to the bar building,
Loss across the valve

=
=

300 m3/hr x (90m 70m)


102 x 3.6 x .80 x 0.90
22.69 kW

Say 20.0 kW

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Operating efficiency of chilled Water pump


=
=

610 m3/hr x 12m


102 x 3.6 x 51.5 x 0.90
43.0%

Installing an energy efficient pump with design specification as above, the new
pump power consumption would be
New Pump Power consumption

550 m3/hr x 15m


102 x 3.6 x .80 x 0.90
31.20 kW

51.5 kW 31.2 kW

20.3 kW

Total Power Savings

40 kW

Savings

=
=
=

40.0 kW x 4000 hrs/year


x Rs. 5.30/unit
Rs. 8, 48,000
Rs. 8.48 Lakhs

Investment for two new pumps


With VFD

Rs. 11.0 Lakhs

Payback

Rs. 11.00 Lakhs x 12 months


Rs. 8.48 Lakhs
16 months

Power Savings

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 7

OPTIMIZE THE LOADING OF DISTRIBUTION


TRANSFORMERS
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the electric
distribution system was studied in detail during the detailed energy audit.
EXISTING SCENARIO
There are three dry-type transformers of 2500 KVA each to step down the
incoming voltage from 33 KV to 433 KV.
33 KV

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

433 V

The three transformers are identical and the no-load and full-load losses from
the test certificate are as follows:
No-Load loss

6257 Watt

Load Loss

17645 Watt

The percentage loading on each of the transformer and the transformer losses
were calculated as follows:
% Loading

Running KVA
Rated KVA

Transformer Loss in kW

(No-load loss in kW + ((% loading/100) 2 X


Full load loss in kW))

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Running %
loading
kVA
running
kVA/2500

= T/F loss kW = (6.257 + ((% Loss in


loading/100)2 X 17.645))
kW

T/F- 1

887

887/2500 = 35 %

(6.257 + ((0.35)2 X 17.645))

8.42

T/F- 2

625

625/2500 = 25 %

(6.257 + ((0.25)2 X 17.645))

7.36

T/F- 3

762

762/2500 = 30 %

(6.257 + ((0.30)2 X 17.645))

7.84

Total kW ~ 24

Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to shift the entire load to two transformers and operate
them in parallel. The third transformer needs to be switched off and the
primary of this transformer should be isolated from the supply.
33 KV

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

2500
KVA

433 V

The transformer losses in the proposed scenario are calculated as:


Confederation of Indian Industry
CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

%
loading
running
kVA/2500

= T/F loss kW = (6.257 + ((% Loss


loading/100)2 X 17.645))
kW

in

T/F- 1

60

(6.257 + ((0.60)2 X 17.645))

12.6

T/F- 2

T/F- 3

30

(6.257 + ((0.30)2 X 17.645))

7.8

TOTAL

Savings

~20 kW

24 20 kW

4 kW

Annual Savings

=
=
=
=

(kW Savings) X (Operating hours) X (Rs.5.3/kWh)


4 kW X 8000 hrs X Rs. 5.3/kWh
Rs. 1,69,600
Rs. 1.69 Lakhs

Investment

Nil

Payback period

Immediate

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 8

REPLACE THE 2X28 W T5 LAMPS WITH 1X20 W LEDs


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the lighting
system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy conservation
opportunities.
Existing Scenario
T5 lamps (3200 Nos) were installed in the parking levels: P1 to P4. Of these
lamps, around 300 Nos were replaced with 1X20 W LEDs. CII congratulates
the plant team for the excellent initiative taken.
Around 1300 Nos of lamps are in operation in the existing building.
Power consumption of T5 lamps

=
=
=

1300 X 2 X 28 W
72.9 kW
Say 73 kW

Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to replace these T5 lamps with 1X20 W LEDs.
Power consumption of LEDs

=
=

1300 X 20 W
26 KW

Savings

=
=

73-26 kW
47 kW

Annual Savings in Rs.

=
=

47 kW X 8760 hours X Rs. 5.3/kWh


Rs. 21.73 Lakhs

Investment (Rs. 1500 for LED)

=
=

1300 Nos X Rs. 1500/LED


Rs. 19.50 Lakhs

Payback period

(Investment) X 12 months

(Savings)
=
=

Rs. 19.5 Lakhs X 12 months


Rs. 21.73 Lakhs
11 months

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 9

REPLACE CFL LAMPS IN E FLOOR LOBBY AREA WITH


LEDs
During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the lighting
system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy conservation
opportunities.
Existing Scenario
In E floor 80 Nos of 18 W CFLs were installed in the building.
Power consumption of the CFL lamps

=
=

80 X 18 W
1.44 kW

Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to replace these CFL lamps with 1X9 W LEDs.

Power consumption of LED lamps

80 X 9 W

Savings in kW

1.44 0.72 kW

Annual Savings in Rs

=
=

0.72 kW X 18 hrs/day
X 365 days X Rs. 5.3/kWh
Rs. 25,000/-

Rs. 0.25 Lakhs

=
=

80 Nos X Rs. 1100/LED


Rs. 88,000/-

Investment X 12 Months

=
=

Investment (Rs.1100 for LED)

=
Payback period

0.72 kW

0.72 KW

Rs. 0.88 Lakhs

Savings
=
=

Rs. 0.88 Lakhs X 12 Months


Rs. 0.25 Lakhs
42 months

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

ENERGY SAVING PROPOSAL No. 10

REPLACE CFL LAMPS IN SECTOR B WITH LEDs


During the detailed energy audit at TSI Waverock, Hyderabad, the lighting
system was studied in detail to identify all the possible energy conservation
opportunities.
Existing Scenario
In each floor of sector B, CFLs were installed in each floor (total 9 floors) in the
following areas:
270 Nos of 4X14 W CFLs in work areas
183 Nos of 2X18 W CFLs - in lobby areas
Power consumption of the CFL lamps

=
=
=

9 X((270 X 56)W+(183X 36))W


9 X (15.12 kW + 6.59 kW)
195.39 kW

Proposed Scenario
It is recommended to replace the 4 X 14 W CFLs and 2 X 18 W CFLs with 30 W
LEDs and 2 X 9 W LEDs respectively.

Power consumption of LED lamps

Savings in KW

=
=

Annual Savings in Rs

=
=

9 X ((270 X 30)W + (183 X


18))W
102.51 kW
195.39 kW 102.51 kW
92.88 kW

92 kW X 3600 hrs
X Rs. 5.3/kWh
Rs. 17,55,360
Rs. 17.5 Lakhs

Investment (Rs.2220 for 2 X 9W LED

and Rs. 3500 for 30 W LED)

=
=

Payback period

=
=
=

(270 Nos X Rs. 3500/LED)


+ (183 X 2200)
Rs. 13.48 Lakhs

Investment X 12 Months

Savings

Rs.13.48 Lakhs X 12 months

Rs.17.5 Lakhs`
10 months

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre

Confederation of Indian Industry


CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre
Survey No. 64, Near Kothaguda Cross Road
Kothaguda Post, Ranga Reddy (Dt)
Hyderabad 500 084
Ph: + 91 40 44185111;
Fax +91 40 44185189
Email: encon@cii.in
Web: www.greenbusinesscentre.com

Confederation of Indian Industry


CIISohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre