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Reaction Kinetics Multiple Choice

January 1999
1. Consider the reaction:
Ca (s) + 2H2O (l) Ca(OH)2 (aq) + H2 (g)
At a certain temperature, 2.50 g Ca reacts completely in 30.0 seconds.
The rate of consumption of Ca is
A. 0.00208 mol/min
B. 0.0833 mol/min
C. 0.125 mol/min
D. 5.00 mol/min
2. The minimum amount of energy required to overcome the energy barrier in a chemical
reaction is the
A. heat of reaction.
B. activation energy.
C. KE of the reactants.
D. enthalpy of the products.
3. An activated complex is a chemical species that is
A. stable and has low PE.
B. stable and has high PE.
C. unstable and has low PE.
D. unstable and has high PE.
4. A certain reaction is able to proceed by various mechanisms. Each mechanism has a
different Ea and results in a different overall rate. Which of the following best describes
the relationship between the Ea values and the rates?

5. Consider the following PE diagram:

The forward reaction can be described as

6. Consider the following reaction mechanism:

In this reaction, H2 is a
A. product.
B. catalyst.
C. reactant.
D. reaction intermediate.

April 1999
1. The slowest of the following reactions is
A. Ag+ (aq) + Cl- (aq) AgCl (s)
B. H3O+ (aq) + OH- (aq) 2H2O (l)
C. 3Ba 2+ (aq) + 2PO43- (aq) Ba3(PO4)2 (s)
D. Cu(s) + 2Ag+ (aq) Cu2+ (aq) + 2Ag(s)

2. The rate of a chemical reaction is equal to the slope of a graph with the axes labeled

3. Consider the following reaction:


CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g) CO2 (g) + 2H2O (g) + heat
The diagram which represents the relationship between rate and temperature is:

4. Which of the following describes the energy of colliding particles as reacting


molecules approach each other?

5. The average kinetic energy of colliding particles can be increased by


A. adding a catalyst.
B. increasing pressure.
C. increasing temperature.
D. increasing reactant concentration.

6. A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction and may be recovered
unchanged at the end of the reaction is a(n)
A. product.
B. catalyst.
C. activated complex.
D. reaction intermediate.
7. Consider the following PE diagram for a reversible reaction:

June 1999
1. Which of the following can be used to represent the rate of a reaction?

2. Consider the following reaction:


2H2O2 (l) 2H2O (l) + O2 (g)
Which graph shows the relationship between rate of consumption of H2O2 and time?

3. Consider the following reaction:


Mg(s) + 2HCl (aq) H2(g) + MgCl2(aq)
The rate of this reaction increases when more magnesium is added. This change is caused
by the
A. addition of a catalyst.
B. increase in surface area.
C. change in nature of the reactants.
D. increase in concentration of reactants.
4. Consider the following PE diagram:

5. Which graph shows the relationship between activation energy (Ea) and temperature?

6. A catalyst changes the rate of a reaction by


A. changing H.
B. increasing the temperature.
C. decreasing the energy of the products.
D. providing an alternate reaction mechanism.
August 1999
1. At room temperature, which of the following reactions is fastest?
A. 2H2(g) + O2 (g) 2H2O(g)
B. Pb2+ (aq) + 2I- (aq) PbI2(s)
C. 4Fe(s) + 3O2(g) 2Fe2O3(s)
D. Cu(s) + 2Ag+ (aq) Cu2+ (aq) + 2Ag(s)
2. Consider the following reaction:
CH4 (g) + 2O2 (g) CO2 (g) + 2H2O (g)
At a certain temperature, 1.0 mol CH4 is consumed in 4.0 minutes.
The rate of production of H2O is
A. 0.25 mol/min
B. 0.50 mol/min
C. 2.0 mol/min
D. 8.0 mol/min
3. Consider the following reaction in a closed system:
H2(g) + I2(g)
2HI(g)
Which of the following will cause the rate of the forward reaction to decrease?
A. H2 is added.
B. A catalyst is added.
C. The volume is increased.

D. The temperature is increased.


4. The changes in PE and KE, as reactant molecules approach each other, can be
represented by

5. Consider the following PE diagram:

Which of the following describes this reaction?

6. A chemical reaction that gives off energy is


A. exothermic and H is positive.
B. exothermic and H is negative.
C. endothermic and H is positive.
D. endothermic and H is negative.

January 2000
1. Which of the following is most likely to have the greatest reaction rate at room
temperature?
A. 2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O(l)
B. 2Ag+ (aq) + CrO4 2- (aq) Ag2CrO4(s)
C. Pb(s) + 2HCl(aq) PbCl2(aq) + H2(g)
D. CH4 (g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(g)
2. Consider the following reaction involving 1 0. g of powdered zinc:
Zn (s) + 2HCl (aq) ZnCl2 (aq) + H2 (g)

The rates, in order of fastest to slowest, are


A. 1, 2, 3
B. 2, 1, 3
C. 3, 1, 2
D. 3, 2, 1
3. Activation energy can be described as the
A. energy of motion.
B. energy of the activated complex.
C. energy difference between the reactants and the products.
D. energy difference between the reactants and the activated complex.
4. Consider the following potential energy diagram for a reversible reaction:

Which of the following describes the system above?

5. Increasing the temperature of a reaction increases the reaction rate by


I.
increasing frequency of collisions
II.
increasing the kinetic energy of collision
III.
decreasing the potential energy of collision
A. I only.
B. I and II only.
C. II and III only.
D. I, II and III.
6. What effect does a catalyst have on a reaction?
A. It changes the H of a reaction.
B. It increases the kinetic energy of the reactants.
C. It decreases the potential energy of the products.
D. It provides a reaction mechanism with a lower activation energy.
April 2000
1. At 25C, which of the following reactions is fastest?
A. H2(g) + I2(g) 2HI(g)
B. Ag+ (aq) + I-(aq) AgI(s)
C. C6H12O6 (s) + 6O2(g) 6CO2(g) + 6H2O(g)
D. 5C2O42- (aq) + 2MnO4- (aq) + 16H+ (aq) 16CO2 (g) + 2Mn2+ (aq) + 8H2O(l)

2. Consider the graph for the following reaction:


CaCO3(s) + 2HCl (aq) CaCl2(aq) + CO2 (g) + H2O(l)

The average rate of reaction is greatest in the time interval


A. 0 - 1 minute.
B. 0 - 2 minutes.
C. 0 - 3 minutes.
D. 0 - 4 minutes.
3. Which of the following changes will increase the average kinetic energy of reactant
molecules?
A. adding a catalyst
B. increasing the temperature
C. increasing the surface area
D. increasing the concentration
4. Consider the following potential energy diagram:

Which of the following represents the heat of reaction, H, for the forward reaction?
A. I
B. II
C. III
D. IV

5. When a catalyst is added to a reaction


I.
II.
III.

the heat of reaction increases


a new mechanism is provided
the equilibrium constant increases

A. II only
B. I and II only
C. II and III only
D. I, II and III
6. Consider the following mechanism for a reaction:
Step 1.
HBr + O2 HOOBr
Step 2.
HBr + HOOBr 2HOBr
Step 3.
2HBr + 2HOBr 2H2O + 2Br2
Which of the following statements is correct?
A. Br2 is a reactant.
B. HBr is a product.
C. HOBr is a catalyst.
D. HOOBr is a reaction intermediate.
June 2000
1. Which of the following reactions will be slowest at 25C?
A. Cu (s) + S(s) CuS(s)
B. H+ (aq) + OH- (aq) H2O(l)
C. Pb 2+ (aq) + 2Cl- (aq) PbCl2(s)
D. 2NaOCl(aq) 2NaCl (aq) + O2(g)
2. Which of the following could be used as the units for rate of a reaction?
I.
mL/s
II.
g/min
III.
M/min
A. I only.
B. I and II only.
C. II and III only.
D. I, II and III.

3. Consider the following reaction:


Zn (s) + 2HCl (aq) ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g)
A graph of concentration of HCl vs time could be represented by

4. Consider the following experiments, each involving equal masses of zinc and 10.0 mL
of acid:

The rate of reaction in order from fastest to slowest is


A. I > II > III
B. II > I > III
C. III > I > II
D. III > II > I
5. What happens to the energy of reactant molecules as they approach one another?

6. Consider the following reaction mechanism:


Step 1.
ClO- + H2O HClO + OHStep 2.
I- + HClO HIO + ClStep 3.
HIO + OH- IO- + H2O
The catalyst is
A. IOB. H2O
C. ClOD. ClOH
August 2000
1. Consider the following reaction:
N2 (g) + 3H2 (g) 2NH3 (g)
If the rate of formation of NH3 is 4.0 x 10-4 mol/s, then the rate of consumption of H2 is
A. 2.0 X 10-4 mol/s
B. 4.0 X 104 mol/s
C. 6.0 X 104 mol/s
D. 1.2 X 103 mol/s
2. Consider the following reaction:
Zn (s) + 2HCl (aq) ZnCl2 (aq) + H2(g)
Which of the following instruments could be used to monitor the rate of the
reaction in an open system?
I.
II.
III.

Balance
Pressure gauge
pH meter

A. I and II only.
B. I and III only.
C. II and III only.
D. I, II and III.
3. Which of the following changes occur when the temperature of a reaction is increased?
I.
of the reaction increases
II.
Frequency of the collisions increases
III.
Kinetic energy of the reactants increases
A. I and II only.
B. I and III only.

C. II and III only.


D. I, II and III.
4. Which of the following is true for an activated complex?
A. stable and has low PE
B. stable and has high PE
C. unstable and has low PE
D. unstable and has high PE
5. As you increase the temperature of a reaction, the
A. rate increases and the time required for the reaction increases.
B. rate increases and the time required for the reaction decreases.
C. rate decreases and the time required for the reaction increases.
D. rate decreases and the time required for the reaction decreases.
6. Which of the following potential energy curves represents a catalyzed endothermic
reaction in the forward direction?

A. I
B. II
C. III
D. IV
January 2001
1. Which of the following units could be used to express reaction rate?
A. mL/s
B. mL/g
C. g/mL
D. mL/mol
2. Consider the reaction:
Zn (s) + 2HCl (aq) ZnCl2(aq) + H2(g)
The rate of production of ZnCl2 , can be increased by
A. decreasing the [HCl].
B. increasing the temperature.
C. increasing the volume of H2.

D. decreasing the surface area of Zn .


3. The statement, the minimum energy needed to achieve a successful collision, defines
A. entropy.
B. activation energy.
C. the DH of reaction.
D. the activated complex.
4. As an activated complex changes to products,
A. potential energy changes to kinetic energy.
B. kinetic energy changes to potential energy.
C. kinetic energy changes to activation energy.
D. potential energy changes to activation energy.
5. Consider the following PE diagram for an uncatalysed and a catalyzed reaction:

Which of the following describes the forward catalyzed reaction?

6. A substance that increases the rate of a reaction without appearing in the equation
for the overall reaction is a(n)
A. product.
B. catalyst.
C. reactant.

D. intermediate.
April 2001
1. Which of the following reactions occurs most rapidly at standard conditions?
A. 2Fe (s) + O2(g) 2FeO(s)
B. CaO(s) + 3C(s) CaC2(s) + CO(g)
C. SnO2(s) + 2CO(g) Sn(s) + 2CO2(g)
D. 2AgNO3(aq) + Na2CrO4(aq) Ag2CrO4(s) + 2NaNO3(aq)
2. Consider the following reaction:
CaO (s) + 2HCl (aq) CaCl2 (aq) + H2O (l)
Which of the following could be used to measure the rate of this reaction?
A. change in acidity
B. change in volume
C. change in pressure
D. change in total mass
3. In order for a collision between reactant particles to be successful
A. H must be positive.
B. the system must be closed.
C. there must be sufficient KE.
D. the change in KE must be less than the change in PE.
4. Consider the following PE diagram:

The activation energy for the forward reaction is represented by


A. I
B. II
C. III
D. IV

5. What is the relationship between the activation energy and the rate of a reaction?
A. When the activation energy is high, the rate of reaction is fast.
B. When the activation energy is low, the rate of reaction is slow.
C. When the activation energy is high, the rate of reaction is slow.
D. There is no relationship between activation energy and rate of reaction.
6. Consider the following reaction mechanism:
Step 1.
OCl- + H2O HOCl + OHStep 2.
I- + HOCl HOI + ClStep 3.
HOI + OH- H2O + OHWhich of the following is correct for the overall reaction?
A. HOI is a product.
B. H2O is a reactant.
C. HOCl is a catalyst.
D. OH- is a reaction intermediate.
June 2001
1. Which of the following reactions is slowest at room temperature?
A. NH3(g) + HCl(g) NH4Cl (s)
B. MgCl2(s) + Ca(s) Mg(s) + CaCl2(s)
C. HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) NaCl (aq) + H2O(l)
D. Ba(NO3)2 (aq) + Na2SO4(aq) BaSO4(s) + 2NaNO3(aq)
2. Consider the following reaction:
COCl2(g) CO(g) + Cl2(g)
Which of the following could be used to determine reaction rate in a closed system?
A. a decrease in gas pressure
B. an increase in gas pressure
C. a decrease in the mass of the system
D. an increase in the mass of the system
3. Activation energy is defined as the
A. H
B. average kinetic energy.
C. energy of a particles motion.
D. minimum energy needed for a successful collision.

4. Which of the following reactions is endothermic?


A. CH4(g) + 2O2(g) CO2(g) + 2H2O(l) + 890.3kJ
B. 2Na2O2 (s) + 2H2O (l) 287.0 kJ 4NaOH(aq) + O2(g)
C. CaO(s) + H2O(l) Ca(OH)2 (aq)
H= -65.2kJ
D. CaO(s) + 3C(s) CaC2(s) + CO(g) H= +464.8kJ
5. The following diagram shows reactant molecules approaching one another:

What is happening to the kinetic energy and the potential energy?

6. A proposed mechanism for a reaction is:


Step 1.
Step 2.
Step 3.
Step 4.

H3O+ + I- HI + H2O
H2O2 + HI H2O + HOI
HOI + H3O+ + I- 2H2O + I2
I2 + I- I3-

In the above mechanism, which of the following is true for the overall reaction?
A. HI is a catalyst
B. H3O+ is a product
C. H2O2 is a reactant
D. H2O is an intermediate
August 2001
1. Consider the following reaction:
N2H4(l) + 2H2O2(l) N2(g) + 4H2O(l)
In 5.0seconds, 0.015mol of H2O2 is consumed. The rate of production of N2 is

A. 1.5 X 10-3 mol/s


B. 3.0 X 10-3 mol/s
C. 6.0 X10-3 mol/s
D. 1.5 X10-2 mol/s
2. Consider the following reaction:
3Fe2O3(s) + CO(g) 2Fe3O4(s) + CO2(g) + 46kJ
Which of the following would cause the rate of the reaction to increase?
A. removing the Fe3O4
B. decreasing the temperature
C. increasing the surface area of Fe2O3
D. increasing the volume of the reaction vessel
3. Activation energy is described as
A. the energy of the activated complex.
B. a point on the PE diagram where KE = PE.
C. the unstable high PE structural arrangement of atoms.
D. the minimum PE difference between the activated complex and the reactants.
4. What happens to the activation energy and H when a catalyst is added to a reaction?

5. Consider the following potential energy diagram for a reaction:

What is the value of H for this reaction?


A. -120 kJ

B. -30 kJ
C. +30 kJ
D. +120 kJ
6. A substance that is produced in one step in a reaction mechanism and consumed
in a subsequent step, without appearing in the overall reaction, is a(n)
A. catalyst.
B. product.
C. reactant.
D. intermediate.
January 2002
1. Which of the following has the greatest reaction rate?
A. C(s) + O2(g) CO2(g)
B. 2H2O2 (l) 2H2O (l) + O2 (g)
C. 2Al (s) + 3CuCl2(aq) 2AlCl3(aq) + 3Cu(s)
D. NaCl(aq) + AgNO3(aq) AgCl(s) + NaNO3(aq)
2. Which factor explains why potassium generally reacts faster than sodium?
A. surface area
B. temperature
C. concentration
D. nature of reactants
3. What happens to the PE and KE of the reactants particles as the activated complex is
formed?
PE
A. increases
B. increases
C. decreases
D. decreases

KE
.
decreases
increases
decreases
increases

4. Consider the following PE diagram:

What are the values of H and activation energy (Ea) for the forward reaction?

5. Consider the following reaction mechanism:

Which of the following is a reactant in the overall reaction?


A. Cl
B. HCl
C. CCl3

D. CHCl3

6. Consider the following PE diagram for a catalyzed and uncatalyzed reaction:

Which of the following describes the reverse reaction?

April 2002
1. Which of the following could be used to describe the rate of a reaction?
A. change in time
change in mass
B. change in mass
change in volume
C. change in volume
change in time
D. change in volume
change in mass

2. Consider the following reaction:


2H2O2(aq) 2H2O(l) + O2(g)
Which factor explains why the above reaction speeds up in the presence of MnO2 (s)?
A. temperature
C. nature of reactants
B. concentration
D. presence of catalyst
3. What happens to the potential energy and the total energy as an activated complex
changes into products?

4. Consider the following PE diagram:

Which of the following describes the type of reaction and H for the reverse reaction?

5. Consider the following diagram for a catalyzed and uncatalyzed reaction:

Which of the following describes the forward reaction?

6. Consider the following reaction mechanism:


NO2 + SO2 SO3 + NO
NO + O2 NO2
Identify the catalyst.
A. O2
B. NO
C. SO2
D. NO2

June 2002
1. Which of the following has the lowest rate of reaction?
A. Pb(s) + CuCl2(aq) Cu(s) + PbCl2(aq)
B. HCl(aq) + NaOH(aq) H2O(l) + NaCl(aq)
C. H2SO4(aq) + Ba(OH)2(aq) 2H2O(l) + BaSO4(s)
D. Pb(NO3)2(aq) + 2NaI(aq) PbI2(s) + 2NaNO3(aq)

2. Which of the following affects the rate of heterogeneous reactions, but does not affect
the rate of homogeneous reactions?
A. catalyst
B. temperature
C. surface area
D. concentration
3. As reactant particles approach each other, what changes occur in KE and PE?

A.
B.
C.
D.

KE
increases
increases
decreases
decreases

PE
increases
decreases
increases
decreases

4. Consider the following PE diagram:

What is the minimum potential energy required to change reactants to the activated
complex?
A. 200 KJ
B. 300 KJ

C. 400 KJ
D. 500 KJ
5. Consider the following reaction mechanism:
Step 1

2NO2 NO3 + NO

Step 2

NO3 + CO NO2 + CO2

Identify a product in the overall reaction.


A. CO
B. CO2
C. NO2
D. NO3
6. Consider the following PE diagram for a catalyzed and uncatalyzed reaction:

Which of the following describes the reverse reaction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Reverse
Reaction
uncatalyzed
catalyzed
uncatalyzed
catalyzed

Activation
Energy (kJ)
300
300
400
400

H
(kJ)
-100
-100
+100
+100

August 2002
1. Which of the following could be used to describe the rate of a reaction?

2. Which factor explains why coal dust is explosive?


A. temperature
B. surface area
C. concentration
D. addition of catalyst
3. As an activated complex changes into products, what changes occur in the chemical
bonds of the activated complex and the PE of the system?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Bonds
form
form
break
break

PE
increases
decreases
increases
decreases

4. Consider the following PE diagram:

Which of the following describes H and the type of reaction in the forward direction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

H
(kJ)
-50
-50
+50
+50

Type of
Reaction
exothermic
endothermic
exothermic
endothermic

5. Consider the following PE diagram for a catalyzed and uncatalyzed reaction:

Which of the following describes the forward reaction?


Reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.

catalyzed
uncatalyzed
catalyzed
uncatalyzed

Activation
Energy (kJ)
300
300
400
400

H
(kJ)
-100
-100
+100
+100

6. Consider the following reaction mechanism:


Step 1

NOCl NO + Cl

Step 2

NOCl + Cl NO + Cl2

Identify the reaction intermediate.


A. Cl
B. Cl2
C. NO
D. NOCl
January 2003
1. Given the reaction:
CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g) + heat
Which of the following will cause the reaction rate to increase?
A. increasing pressure
B. decreasing pressure
C. increasing temperature
D. decreasing temperature

2. Consider the following reaction:


Fe2O3(s) + 2Al(s) Al2O3(s) + 2Fe(l)
If 0.50 mol of Fe is produced in 10.0sec, what is the rate of consumption
of Fe2O3 in mol/s?
A. 5.0 10-2 mol/s
B. 2.5 10-2 mol/s
C. 1.0 10-1 mol/s
D. 5.0 mol/s
3. Which of the following would result in a successful collision between
reactant particles?
A. particles have sufficient KE
B. particles convert all their PE into KE
C. particles are in an excited state and are catalyzed
D. particles have sufficient KE and proper molecular orientation
4. Which of the following best describes the Ea of a fast reaction and the stability of
its activated complex?
Ea
A.
B.
C.
D.

small
small
large
large

Activated
Complex
unstable
stable
unstable
stable

5. How does the addition of a catalyst increase the reaction rate of an endothermic
reaction?
A. It reduces the H of the reaction.
B. It increases the H of the reaction.
C. It reduces the required activation energy.
D. It causes the reaction to become exothermic.
6. Consider the following PE diagram:

What is the activation energy for the reverse reaction?


A. -60 kJ
B. -20 kJ
C. +40 kJ
D. +60 kJ

April 2003
1. Consider the following reaction occurring in an open container:
CaCO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) CaCl2(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)
The reaction rate could be calculated by using which of the following?
A. a change in [Cl-]
B. a decrease in pH value
C. a change in gas pressure
D. a decrease in the mass of the system
2. Which of the following does not affect both homogeneous and heterogeneous
reaction rates?
A. addition of a catalyst
B. change in temperature
C. change in surface area
D. change in concentration
3. How do KE and PE change as reactant particles collide with each other?

A.
B.
C.

KE
increases
increases
decreases

PE
increases
decreases
increases

D.

decreases

decreases

4. Under which of the following conditions will the reaction rate decrease for a
reaction which goes to completion?
A. A catalyst is removed.
B. Products are removed.
C. Temperature is increased.
D. Solid reactants are ground into powders.
5. Consider the following potential energy diagram for a reaction:

Which of the following represents the correct activation energies?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Forward Catalyzed
Ea
40 kJ
80 kJ
100 kJ
100 kJ

Reverse Uncatalyzed
Ea
140 kJ
40 kJ
80 kJ
160 kJ

6. What is an important function of the catalyst found in an automobile


exhaust system?
A. increase fuel economy
B. decrease the rate of CO2 production
C. increase the conversion rate of NO2 to N2
D. increase the conversion rate of heat into work
June 2003
1. Which of the following reactions would have the greatest reaction rate at
room temperature?
A. C3H8(g) + 5O2(g) 3CO2(g) + 4H2O(g)
B. Ca(s) + 2H2O(l) Ca(OH)2(aq) + H2(g)
C. AgNO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) AgCl(s) + NaNO3(aq)
D. Na2CO3(s) + 2HCl(aq) 2NaCl(aq) + H2O(l) + CO2(g)

2. Consider the following reaction:


2NO(g) + O2(g) 2NO2(g)

H = -114 kJ

How could the rate of this reaction be increased?


A. Reduce the pressure.
B. Increase the volume.
C. Remove some NO2(g).
D. Increase the temperature.
3. An activated complex can be described as
A. a particle of maximum KE and minimum PE.
B. a stable particle found in a reaction mechanism.
C. an unstable particle that is neither reactant nor product.
D. a particle which is first used then regenerated in a reaction mechanism.
4. Which of the following could result in an increase in reaction rate?
A. an increase in the activation energy
B. an increase in the reaction enthalpy
C. an increase in the frequency of collisions
D. an increase in the potential energy of the activated complex
5. Consider the following PE diagram:

Which of the following describes the energy value indicated by I?


A. heat of reaction
B. activation energy for the reverse reaction
C. activation energy for the forward reaction
D. potential energy of the reaction intermediate
6. Consider the following reaction mechanism and overall reaction:

What is the catalyst in this mechanism?


A. O(g)
B. NO(g)
C. NO2(g)
D. sunlight

August 2003
1. Which of the following reactions would be slowest at room temperature?
A. Zn(s) + S(s) ZnS(s)
B. Cu(s) + 2AgNO3(aq) Cu(NO3)2(aq) + 2Ag(s)
C. Pb(NO3)2(aq)+ 2KI(aq) PbI2(s) + 2KNO3(aq)
D. HC2H3O2(aq) + KOH(aq) KC2H3O2(aq) + H2O(l)
2. Consider the following reaction:
2BaCrO4(s) + 2H+(aq) 2Ba2+(aq) + H2O(l) + Cr2O72-(aq)
(yellow)
(orange)
The progress of the reaction could be followed by observing the rate of
A. mass loss.
B. decrease in pH.
C. precipitate formation.
D. formation of orange colour in the solution.
3. What happens to the activation energy as the temperature in a reacting system
increases?
A. the activation energy increases
B. the activation energy decreases
C. the activation energy stays the same

D. the activation energy is converted to kinetic energy


4. Consider the following information for a reversible chemical reaction:
1

forward activation energy = 20 kJ

reverse activation energy = 30 kJ

Which of the following describes the reaction type and enthalpy change for the
forward reaction?

A.
B.
C.
D.

Reaction Type
exothermic
exothermic
endothermic
endothermic

H Value
-10 kJ
+10 kJ
-10 kJ
+10 kJ

5. Consider the following experimental results:

Reactants
Temperature
Concentration
Rates

Experiment 1
Fe2+(aq) + MnO4-(aq)
20
0.5 M solutions
Fast

Experiment 2
MnO4 -(aq) + H2C2O4(aq)
40
1.0 M solutions
Slow

Which factor would account for the faster reaction rate in Experiment 1?
A. temperature
B. surface area
C. nature of reactants
D. solution concentration
6. Consider the reaction:
C5H12(g) + 8O2(g) 5CO2(g) + 6H2O(g)
Which of the following explains, in terms of collision theory, why this reaction
occurs in more than one step?
A. a low C5H12(g) concentration
B. low temperature of reactant mixture
C. low probability of a multi-particle collision
D. particles collide with insufficient kinetic energy

January 2004
1. Which of the following factors only affects the rate of heterogeneous reactions?
A. nature of reactants
B. presence of a catalyst
C. temperature of reactants
D. surface area of reactants
2. Consider the following reactions in open systems:
I.

2H2(g) + O2(g) 2H2O(g)

II.

CaCO3(g) CaO(s) + CO2(g)

III.

CaO(s) + SiO2(s) CaSiO3(s)

IV.

AgNO3(aq) + NaCl(aq) NaNO3(aq) + AgCl(s)

In which of the above could reaction rate be determined by


A. I
B. II
C. III
D. IV
3. Which of the following best describes activation energy?
A. PE of activated complex
B. (PE of products) (PE of reactants)
C. (PE of reactants) (PE of activated complex)
D. (PE of activated complex) (PE of reactants)
4. Consider the following PE diagram:

Which of the following is true for the forward reaction?

Reaction
A.
B.
C.
D.

catalyzed
uncatalyzed
catalyzed
uncatalyzed

PE of Activated
Complex (kJ)
100
300
250
150

H
(kJ)
-50
-50
+50
-50

5. Consider the following reaction:


2NO(g) + O2(g) 2NO2(g)
Why would this reaction probably involve more than one step?
A. There is insufficient activation energy.
B. This reaction has high activation energy.
C. Reactions between gases are typically slow.
D. A successful collision between more than two molecules is unlikely.
6. Consider the following reaction mechanism:
Step 1
O3 O2 + O
Step 2
O3 + O 2O2
Which of the following could represent the activated complex for Step 2?
A. O
B. O2
C. O3
D. O4

Unit I Multiple Choice Answers

January 1999
1
C
2
B
3
D
4
C
5
A
6
C

April 1999
1
D
2
D
3
D
4
A
5
C
6
B

June 1999
1
D
2
A
3
B
4
C
5
A
6
D

August 1999
1
B
2
B
3
C
4
A
5
D
6
B

January 2000
1
B
2
C
3
D
4
A
5
B
6
D

April 2000
1
B
2
A
3
B
4
D
5
A
6
D

June 2000
1
A
2
D
3
C
4
C
5
B
6
B

August 2000
1
C
2
B
3
C
4
D
5
B
6
D

January 2001
1
A
2
B
3
B
4
A
5
A

April 2001
1
D
2
A
3
C
4
B
5
C

June 2001
1
B
2
B
3
D
4
D
5
B

August 2001
1
A
2
C
3
D
4
C
5
B

January 2002
1
D
2
D
3
A
4
A
5
D
6
A

April 2002
1
C
2
D
3
D
4
B
5
A
6
D

June 2002
1
A
2
C
3
C
4
B
5
B
6
C

August 2002
1
C
2
B
3
D
4
D
5
D
6
A

January 2003
1
C
2
B
3
D
4
A
5
C
6
D

April 2003
1
D
2
C
3
C
4
A
5
A
6
C

June 2003
1
C
2
D
3
C
4
C
5
B
6
B

August 2003
1
A
2
D
3
C
4
A
5
C
6
C

January 2004
1
D
2
B
3
D
4
B
5
D
6
D