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ELECTRONICS

1.

A diac has _____ semiconductor layers.

a.

1

c.

3

b.

2

d.

4

2.
a.

Which of the following is false?

A carbon-zinc cell has unlimited shelf life.
b.

c.
d.

3.

A storage cell has a reversible chemical reaction.

The speed of a dc shunt motor can be slowed down under one of the conditions below.
a.

decreased field voltage

b.

c.

increased field voltage

4.

5.

d.

increased armature voltage
increased armature resistance

At series resonance, the circuit impedance is equal to _____.
a.

R

c.

XC

b.

C

d.

XL

The source terminal of a FET corresponds to the _____ of a vacuum tube.
a.

grid c.
b.

6.

7.

A lead-acid cell can be recharged.

A primary cell has an irreversible chemical reaction.

cathode

base d.

plate

A ROM has 6 inputs and 8 outputs. How many bits does the ROM store?
a.

512 c.

4096

b.

2048 d.

6400

When current in a conductor increases, Lenz law says that the self-induced voltage will _____.
a.
b.
c.
d.
8.

aid the applied voltage

tend to increase the amount of current

produce current opposite to the increasing current

In transistor amplifiers, we use _____ transformer for impedance matching.
a.
b.

step up

c.

step down

9.
a.

aid the increasing current

d.

Which of the following is an n-type semiconductor?

doped by acceptor atom

b.

same turn ratio
none of the above

c.

majority carriers are holes

crystal with pentavalent impurities

d.

minority carriers are free electrons

10. What is the output power of an amplifier having an output of 12 dBm?
a.

0.38 mW
b.

c.

24 mW

15.85 mW
d.

251 W

11. A relay is superior to a mechanical switch because it _____.
a.

is relatively inexpensive
b.

c.

combines control with power amplification

is operated mechanically

d.

does not require moving contacts

o

12. Assuming a barrier potential of 0.7 V at an ambient temperature of 25 C, what is the barrier potential of a silicon diode when the junction
o

temperature is 75 C?
a.

0.5 c.

0.7

b.

0.6 d.

0.8

13. Two diodes are in series. The first diode has a voltage of 0.75 V and the second has a voltage of 0.8 V. If the current through the first diode is 500
mA, what is the current through the second diode?
a.

242 mA

c.

500 mA

b.

258 mA

d.

533 mA

14. What is the application of laser diode?
a.
b.

line-spike protectors

high frequency rectifiers

c.
d.

high-frequency oscillators

CD players, broadband communications

A transistor has a current gain of 175. c. 21.25 W c. Alnico is commonly used for electromagnets. 17. increases with lower inductance 23. capacitive none of the above 25. 0. d. what is the approximate peak-to-peak ripple across the capacitor? a. a. If XL = 5 kΩ and XC = 25 Ω. a. 1024 not determined by sets of input 24. 75 95. varactor back diode c. If the base current is 0. 0. compute the efficiency of the rectifier in percentage. 0. Calculate the time delay for a phase angle of 55 at the frequency of 2 MHz.15 V c. articulated arm and cylindrical c. 10 1000 d. 18.25 mA d. Ferrites have lower permeability than air or vacuum Paper cannot affect magnetic flux because it is not a magnetic material. What is the control element in an SCR? a. what is the collector current? a.5 mA 28. b. spherical and hydraulic 19. optocoupler step-recovery diode 27. decreases with higher frequencies d. 512 d. Find the frequency in kilocycles per second in the armature of a 10-pole 1. A half-wave signal with a peak of 30 V is the input of a choke-input filter.200 rpm generator. jointed-arm and electric b. gate 29. 3. 100 W . a. 1.132 mA c. cut-off b.7 d. Find the power across the resistor of 5 Ω delivered from a battery of an internal resistance of 3 Ω and a constant emf of 4 volts. 0.15 mA. base b. b. resistive c.6 % d. a. d. inductive d. When a transistor is conducting as much as it possibly can. a. 0.2 b. Which of the following statements is true? a. 200 V b. b. it is said to be in _____. 17.152 μs c. It is used in TV and receiver tuners. a. a. b. 81. The _____ are two of the most common mechanical configurations of industrial robots.8 c. A memory circuit that has 9 address inputs has how many storage locations? a.5 μs d. One dB corresponds to _____ change in voltage or current level.15. spherical and pneumatic d. 0. 20 % b. 0. 256 c. saturation avalanche d. Silicon diodes are used in a two-diode full-wave rectifier circuit to supply a load of 12 Vdc. c. 5 mV d. c.0764 μs b.0625 μs a. a series LC circuit behaves as a _____ load. 26. 40 % 63. 80 % 22. 26. a. For frequencies below resonant frequency. a. anode c. Iron is generally used for permanent magnets. 6 KV o 20. 5. depends on the factor 2π c.062 A b. cathode d.1 c. Inductive reactance applies only to sine waves because it _____. 100 b. increases with lower frequencies b. forward-biased 16. Assuming ideal diodes and the load resistance is 12 Ω.

current feedback b. 97 dB c. 120 W 30. b. Which of the following circuits generally has the greatest gain? a. become zero 42. provide biasing couple or bypass ac component . d. open c. a. current and stator impedance rotor emf. partially open 37. mercury oxide 35. c. rotor speed and frequency 40. a. not on which electrode is grounded 41. voltage. a. a. rotor current and stator impedance c. power feedback c. Emitter follower is a _____ circuit. frequency and number of poles number of poles. The torque developed by a three-phase induction motor depends on the following three factors: a. 300 dB 31. The gain of an amplifier without feedback is 100 dB. c. decreased remains the same d. c. c. compensate for excessive doping 32. 60 W d. 30 Ω c. silver oxide b. voltage feedback d. speed.5 dB d. protect the transistor cool the transistor c. 50 Ω b. decrease the forward current prevent excessive temperature rise d. Addition of trivalent impurity to a pure semi-conductor creates many _____. If an ohmmeter check on a 50 μH choke reads 3 Ω. How much is the self-induced voltage across a 200-mH inductance produced by a current change of 0 to 10 mA in 2μs. defective normal d. the gain of the amplifier will become _____. 40 Ω d. lead-acid carbon-zinc d.000 V 100 V d. to have a negative coefficient keep the temperature within limits 43. d. 70 Ω 36. 103 dB b. none of the above 33. BCD counter c. a. d. 1.b. b. a. shift counter binary counter d. b. the total impedance is equal to _____. valence electrons 34. 101. free electrons bound electrons d. a. increase gain reduce distortion c. increase forward current b. the coil is probably _____. increased b. A heat sink is generally used with a transistor to _____.000 V 38. b. common source b. b. The purpose of capacitors in a transistor amplifier is to _____. What happened to the output of an SCR if the firing angle is increased? a. If a negative feedback of 3 dB is applied. a. common gate c. b. d. a. In a sine wave ac circuit with R = 40 Ω in series with XL = 30 Ω. 10 V c. shift register 39. The basic purpose of applying negative feedback to an amplifier is to _____. 10. Parallel to serial data conversion can be performed by a _____. a. holes b. Which of the following cells has a reversible chemical reaction? a. common drain it depends on bias.

200 μH b. machining d. a. c. mixer stage b. b. 300 μH . 2 c. Amplification factor x Plate resistance x Transconductance = 1 c. 1:1 c. A two-pole three-phase motor has _____ field poles.288 J b. a. b. d. c. 1. 4 d. Transconductance = Plate resistance x Amplification factor d. A vacuum diode can act as _____.5 % 52. b. a. detector stage RF stage d. a.8 H. Amplification factor = Plate resistance ÷ Transconductance b. virtual cockpit 46. a rectifier an amplifier c. many gate shorted gate d. Two series coils.88 J d. 6 b. a. c.2 A flows in a coil with inductance of 0. How much is the mutual inductance between the coil? a. The output stage in an amplifier is also called _____. a.936 J c. 1. b. b. insulated gate 53. 1000:1 48. 51. A secondary battery Zinc-nickel oxide has a voltage of _____. welding c. a. Plate resistance = Amplification x Transconductance 49. 35 % c.1 c. b. 1. SCARA robots has four axis of motion and is used in ______. What is the purpose of a level shifter in op-amps? a. A current of 2.548 J 54.6 d. The relation between the three dynamic parameters of a vacuum tube triode is given by the formula _____. a. A new concept in commercial aircraft where computers monitor aircraft systems reporting to their status only if requested by pilot or if something is wrong and displayed on the screen when necessary. 0. 100:1 2:1 d. a. b. open gate c. 100 μH d.8 56. 250 μH each have a total inductance of 550 μH connected series-aiding and 450 μH series-opposing. The reverse resistance and forward resistance of crystal diode have a ratio of about _____. assembling handling heavy loads 55. a. to shift the input offset current to zero to set and/or adjust the input offset voltage to zero to set and/or to adjust the output voltage to zero when the input signal is zero d. A MOSFET is sometimes called _____ FET. 25 μH c. 40 % d. a. glass cockpit b. 0. The maximum plate efficiency for class B operation is _____. power stage 47. all of the above 50. The term semiconductor arises from _____. 1.9 b. 8 45. cockpit c.44. How much energy is stored in the magnetic field? a. real cockpit d. an oscillator a multivibrator 57. 50 % 78. 2. 1. resistor-like properties of metal oxide insulating properties of silicon and GaAs variable conductive properties of metal oxides the fact that there’s nothing better to call silicon d.

5 ms d. How much time is required for Vc to discharge down to 132 V? a. b. a. a.61 kΩ d. c. 60 mH d. The main element of a microprogrammed controller is _____. full-wave rectified voltage of 36 Vdc and 60 Hz supply. reading b. 50 kΩ a. has a phase angle of 180 c.2. sensitivity none of the above 70. 40 mH c.4 ms c. 3117 microfarad b. has a steady dc value o reverses in direction alternates 1. Actuators used in industrial robots. cathode is positive with respect to anode cathode is negative with respect to anode c. What is the circuit impedance at resonance? a. moving either the magnet or the coil placing the coil parallel to the magnet field holding the coil and the magnet perfectly stationary . ROM b.4 times the frequency of the applied voltage 66. How can electrical current be induced with a coil and a magnet? a. c. b. PLA d. aesthetics industrial d. b. b. 80 mH b. a. low internal resistance b. fidelity selectivity c. emitter is heavily doped c. d. binary counter address register 61. d. 311. 3207 microfarad 64. minimum efficiency c. a. c. fluid motors c. a.6 ms b. a. Diodes are said to be forward bias when the _____. advertising 68.7 microfarad d. modulating 63. A 0. Find the mutual inductance of two 200 mH coils that has a coefficient of coupling k equal to 0. anode is negative with respect to cathode applied potential between anode and cathode are equal 67. d. Find the filter capacitor that will provide 2. minimum current capacity d. b. Which regulator is the most inefficient? b.58. When an alternating voltage reverses in polarity. It charges through a 50 kΩ resistor. series switching d. collector has reverse bias collector is wider than emitter or base 59. 223. a. 62. A parallel LC circuit has a capacitor of 100 pF in one branch and an inductance of 100 μH plus a resistance of 10 Ω in the ot her branch. the current it produces _____. 1. a. fluid cylinders d. shunt 100 kΩ c. 25 kΩ b. 1. b. high internal resistance 65. emitter has forward bias d.05 µF capacitor is charged to 264 V. 320. electric motors all of the above 69. c.7 ms 60. 1. a. Floodlighting is not used for _____ applications. a.7 microfarad c.5 % ripple filtered voltage having a load of 120 mA. A constant-voltage generator has _____. 100 mH 71. 1. A transistor has high output impedance because _____. The Q of a tuned circuit refers to the property of _____.

8 dB c. a. Determine the percentage error of reading of an ammeter due to ammeter insertion.76 c. -43. 80. iron aluminum 76. c. Calculate the dB gain of the amplifier. proportional c. 43. generally increase with direct current in a coil cannot be produced in an iron core because it is a conductor are caused by high-frequency alternating current in a coil with an iron core are especially important with permanent magnets that have a steady magnetic field 84. a.4 k Ω. a. It delivers 100 mA to a 1000 Ω load. c. common mode c. Find V(t) = S(t) + Q(t). extrinsic resistance b. a.8 dB 78. The operating mode of an op-amp. 8421 BCD ASCII d. intrinsic resistance dynamic resistance d. a. -48. rejection mode d. 50. nickel c. bulk resistance 77. Hysteresis losses ______. Given two voltages: S(t) = 10 cos (ωt + 30) volts and Q(t) = 15 cos (ωt + 45) volts.9 cos (ωt + 71) volts b. V(t) = 25 cos (ωt + 75) volts d.6 cos (ωt + 75) volts 82. Gray c. Proportional mode of control wherein the controller is not only considering the magnitude of the error signal but as well as its rate of change. A triode is considered to be a _____ amplifier. resistance 74. proportional plus integral d. b. 95 b. b.2 dB d. a. a. c. V(t) = 13. c. The resistance of a semiconductor is known as _____. 26. 5 96 d. V(t) = 24. d. the _____.2 dB b. 4. V(t) = 5. A ferromagnetic material _____. 6. voltage across the inductance must be 90 out of phase with the applied voltage c. An amplifier with an input resistance of 600 ohms has an input current of 500 microamperes. current b. Ammeter parameters include 70 Ω internal resistance and a load resistor of 1.65 hours b. phase angle of the circuit is always 45 o o b. Determine how long a battery will last whose rating is 100 Ah. b. differential mode double-ended mode 81. 12 hours d. a. a. proportional plus derivative proportional plus integral plus derivative 73.85 hours c. b.05 hours 75. causes an increase in the current in a wire concentrates magnetic flux lines within itself increases the number of ampere turns in wire increases the total magnetomotive force around a current-carrying wire . voltage power d. b. 48. 24 volts and will run 300 W electronic equipment and a 50 W light. a. cobalt d. d. current through the inductance and voltage across it are 180 out of phase 83.8 cos (ωt + 39) volts c.d. when both inputs are tied together or when the input signal is common to both inputs. pure binary 79. placing the coil at right angles with the magnetic field 72. current through the inductance lags its induced voltage by 90 o o d. a. Which of the following is not a ferromagnetic material? a. b. In a sine-wave ac circuit with inductive reactance. Which BCD code is used for data communications? a.

CBBS d. 50 msec 91. Inductive reactance is measured in ohms because it _____. polarization current 88. 30 gage copper wire is approximately _____. freedom axis b. mechanical axis degrees of freedom d. pentode 90.5 msec c.0167 A c. NOVELL b. the laminations are insulated the laminations are stacked vertically more wire can be used with less dc resistance in the coil 93. the inductance is _____. a. A laminated iron core has reduced eddy-current losses because _____.05 A d. The first of a long lineage of microcomputer based group communications software. more than 1 M Ω d. tetrode b. 159 Hz b. 0. a. An open coil has _____. reduces the amplitude of alternating current b. a. a. bipolar d. Calculate the reluctance in ampere-turns per weber. varying magnetic field d. a. a. 1. b. infinite resistance and normal inductance d. 4 x 10 Aּt/Wb 6 d. c. electron current d. the magnetic flux is concentrated in the air gap of the core b. a.59 Hz c. Find the secondary current. E-mail c. unipolar c. constant magnetic field stronger magnetic field than direct current 97. a. 6 c.85. double quadruple 96. c. 1592 Hz 94. b. A magnetic material has a total flux of 60 μWb with an mmf of 180 Aּt. The current flowing between electrodes inside a lead-acid battery is _____. a. 0. 5 x 10 Aּt/Wb 2 x 10 Aּt/Wb a. has a back emf opposing a steady direct current c. Alternating current can induce voltage because alternating current has a _____. the horizontal time base is set for 5 ms/cm.1 A b. a. d. 0. The term _____ reflects the fact that holes and electrons participate in the injection process into the oppositely polarized material. 0. 6 6 92. zero resistance and inductance zero resistance and high inductance c. 1 msec 5 msec d. less than 1 Ω c. With double the number of turns but the same length and area. high peak value c. ionization current b. EMISARI . 3 x 10 Aּt/Wb b. For an oscilloscope with triggered sweep. the same c. proton current c. The dc resistance of a coil made with 100 ft of No. The number of axis a robot is free to move is called _____. a. b. b. increases the amplitude of direct current increases the amplitude of alternating current 95. 104 Ω 86. 0. a. A transformer with a 1:6 turns ratio has 720 V across 7200 Ω in the secondary. one-quarter d.9 Hz d.6 A 87. 15.5 Ω b. 10. d. At what frequency will a 100 μF capacitor have Xc equal to 100 Ω? a. The entire width of 10 cm then represents the time of ____. movement degrees 89. infinite resistance and zero inductance 98.

All of the above 100. 105 µF c. d.000 Hz? a. b. 106 µF d. Intrinsically safe in flammable environment such as painting. c.99. Accurate positioning and good velocity control. Great holding strength when stopped. 108 µF . Which of the following are the advantages of hydraulic actuators? a. What value of C resonates with a 239 μH at 1. 107 µF b.