Lesson Plan Date: 15th January ‘08 Time : 14:00 Pupils’ previous knowledge/skills/experiences: Students will have

some experience of the heart, circulatory system and other various organs, whether they have been taught it by their teacher, parents or learned about it from T.V, advertisements or on magazines or books. Topic Matter: The Heart and Circulatory System Aim: To introduce and discuss in detail the functions of the heart as a vital organ and the Circulatory system Lesson Objective: Students to name the various parts of the heart, internally and externally Students to label these parts on a diagram Students to state the primary functions of the heart Students to associate the circulatory system with the heart by identifying where oxygenated and deoxygenated blood flows through Students to know the various areas to take your heart rate Students will also be taught the effects of poor diet and lifestyle has on the heart and circulatory system Resources/equipment needs: Primary school science book, worksheets with model diagrams of the heart and questions on the heart and circulatory system for the whole class, two separate poster’s of the heart, graph showing the composition of blood Assessment: Students will be assessed throughout the class both orally and physically, with continuous questions and recapping on taught information, as well as a worksheet that will be handed out to each student to complete at the end of class Class: 5 & 6th class Lesson Length: 60 mins

Time

Teacher Activity

Student Activity

Set Introduction 5 mins Introduce the topic matter to the class State the objectives of the class and ensure there is good order Ask students if they have any previous knowledge of the heart and discuss their thoughts Screen all students to ensure they have no difficulty discussing the heart, blood etc. Ask students where you think the heart is located Then show students a diagram of the human body containing the major organs of the body in the primary school science book and show students where the heart is and other major organs

Students listen to the teacher and answer when appropriate T = Teacher S = Student For example T ‘For this class we will be discussing the functions of the heart and our circulatory system’ T ‘Can anyone tell me what the heart does?’ T ‘Can anyone tell me where the heart is?’ T ‘Can anyone tell me where the liver is? Students as a group by putting up their hands try to answer the following questions or offer their thoughts

Development 5 mins Go through the main functions and principles of the heart with the class, and write them on the board
T or

S ‘the main function of the

heart is to transport oxygenated and deoxygenated blood around the body

7 mins

Show detailed diagram of the heart and get students to label the various parts Ensure all students can see the diagram clearly Ensure all students can hear and see you clearly Help students if they are stuck, prompt and encourage them and praise them for effort

This is the diagram of the heart shown to the class For example T ‘ Can anyone tell me where the right Atrium is? S ‘It is the chamber located in the top left hand side of the heart on the poster

6 mins

Discuss the heart chambers which carry oxygenated blood (red) and deoxygenated blood (blue). Point this out on the poster

This is the diagram of the heart shown to the class Once again students help each other to state the chambers which carry the oxygenated blood (red) and deoxygenated blood (blue), and which veins and arteries carry it into and out of the heart For example T ‘Can anyone tell me what colour represents the oxygenated blood? S ‘The chambers in the red colour’

6 mins

Discuss how oxygenated blood and deoxygenated blood is transported, whether it’s through arteries or veins. Point this out on the poster

T ‘Can anyone tell me the artery which carries oxygenated blood out of the heart?’ S ‘The aorta’

5 mins

Next deal with the components of blood, what they are and the functions of each Ensure all students can see the diagram clearly Ensure all students can hear and see you clearly Help students if they are stuck, prompt and encourage them and praise them for effort

For example T ‘Can anyone tell me the components of blood?’ S ‘1) plasma 2) red blood cells 3) white blood cells 4) platelets T ‘Can anyone tell me what the function of white blood cells?’ S ‘To fight disease and foreign cells’

Also deal with where the various blood 4 mins components are produced

For example T ‘Can anyone tell me where the red blood cells are produced?’ S ‘In the red bone marrow’

4 mins

State the composition of blood by showing students a diagram of the blood’s composition

This is the diagram of the composition of blood shown to the class

5 mins

Split students into pairs of two and get students to measure each other’s pulse rates on the various spots which you can on your body

Students measure each others heart rates at the various parts which you can. This exercise helps students to learn skills of cooperation, communication and teamwork

Ask students the different places where they measured their heart rates

T ‘Where did you measure your heart rate?’ S ‘My pulse located under my palm on my wrist’

Tell students all the appropriate places where you can measure your heart rate T ‘Other places where you can measure your heart rate is your neck’

6 mins

Next deal with how a healthy diet and lifestyle help keeps your heart healthy Help students if they are stuck, prompt and encourage them and praise them for effort

For example T ‘What food is healthy for the heart?’ S ‘Adequate intake of minerals and vitamins’ S ‘Your five fruit and vegetables intake a day’ S ‘Good intake of protein such as fish and meat’ T ‘What is unhealthy for the heart’ S ‘Drinking and smoking’ S ‘ Eating unhealthy food such as fatty foods and sweets’ Every student will receive an assessment sheet containing a diagram of the heart. Students will fill in the main parts of the heart Students will attempt draw in arrows for the blood flow of oxygenated blood (red pen) and deoxygenated blood (blue pen) Students will also answer the questions in it The assessment sheet can be found attached with the lesson plan

Closure Assess student learning by handing out student’s assessment sheets 6 mins containing a diagram of the heart Get students to fill in the diagram with the main parts of the heart Get students to draw arrows for the blood flow of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood flow, blue pen for deoxygenated blood and red pen for oxygenated blood On this assessment sheet there will be a number of lower order and higher order questions to challenge students