12 views

Uploaded by Jose Luis Urquidi Barea

analisis estructural de presas

- Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API 650 Tanks_2
- Construction of Dams
- 01. CAD - CAM
- T Beam bridge.pdf
- Mini Project Abstract
- Dam Failure
- Dams and Barrages
- Finite Element Analysis of PVC window profile &aluminium window profile with and without thermal break
- Lab A
- E03ENG
- user-2d
- FEM Question Bank 1 Marks
- 906-1984-1-SM
- digimat_601_releasenotes
- ELEC2219_FD+TAS_2015@USMC.pdf
- Elastomeric Seal Life Prediction - A Manufacturing Perspective
- A STUDY OF STIFFNESS MATRICES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FLAT PLATES
- Armadura Embutida
- Seismic Qualification of RTO System Base Using Finite Element Analysis
- Libro elementos finitos

You are on page 1of 6

V. Swami Srinath1, Pandimani2

1

departement of Civil Engineering, Jogaiahinstitute Technology and Sciences, Kalagampudi, Palakol, West Godavari (Dist), Andhra Pradesh, India.

(Email id: Sree.08649@Gmail.Com)

2

assistant Professor,Departement Of Civil Engineering, Universal College Of Engineering And Technology, Medikonduru (Md), Guntur (Dist),

Andhra Pradesh ,India

(Email id: Pandimani918@Gmail.Com)

-------------------------------- -------------------------------Abstract: Dams are supposed to be very important structures as they play a vital role in the economic and social development of the

area in which being constructed as well many a times useful in Hydro power generation. The effect of failure of dam structures can be

imagined by studding the area covered by the dam on downstream side. Though, there are very few cases of failure of dams, every

designer shall think of zero probability of failure of such structure.

Here Finite element approach is used to analyse the dam which is proved to be realistic for such structure. The present study

investigates and analyses the behaviour of a concrete gravity dam under different reservoir water level using ANSYS 14. The elements

taken here is 2D Quadrilateral 4 node PLANE182 having two degrees of freedom at each nodes. The modal in this thesis is a structure

of gravity dam.

The non over flow section has 54m height; top width 9.675m, base width is 37.51m. The upstream face of the dam has a slope

of 10:1 up to 45.720m and then straight up to top level of the dam. The dam has downstream slope of 1:0.85 up to 38.54m and t hen

straight up to top level. The upstream water level at F.R.L is 45.720m elevation and the maximum tail water level is 31.66m.

The objective of this project is to perform (2D) analysis of IndirasagarPolavaram dam for different reservoir water levels

and constant tail water level. In static analysis parameters like displacements, stresses and strains are calculated in x, y-directions at

each node and corresponding contour diagrams are plotted. In dynamic analysis only free vibration analysis (Modal analysis) due to

self-weight of dam is done and different mode shapes and natural frequencies are obtained and contour diagrams are plotte d.

Keywords: Gravity Dam, ANSYS, Stress, Strain Contours, Displacement Contours, Natural Frequency and Mode Shapes, PLANE

182 Elements, Different Reservoir Water Levels, Constant Tail Water Level.

In this the modelling of dam for static and modal analysis followed by commands and descriptions for modelling the dam using Ansys

software are neatly presented.

The Finite Element Analysis (FEA) method originally introduced by Turner et al. (1956) is a powerful computational technique for

approximate solutions to a variety of real-world

Engineering problems having complex domains subjected to general boundary conditions. FEA has become an essential step in the design or

modelling of a physical phenomenon in various engineering disciplines. A physical phenomenon usually occurs in a continuum of matter (solid,

liquid, or gas) involving several field variables. The field variables vary from point to point, thus possessing an infinite number of solutions in the

domain.

The Finite Element Method (FEM) is a numerical method for determining responses (deformation, strain, stress, etc.) of a body under

external loads. The Finite Element Method uses a concept of piecewise approximation. In theory, the elements can be of different shapes and sizes.

Until developing FEM it was almost difficult to calculate point to point responses (approximately) of a body of any geometric shape and any

complex type of loading conditions. In this method, the entire dam body is divided by using equivalent system of small triangle element for obtaining

responses within and boundary (node) of the element. This method determines first the global deformations at the nodes of the element then

determines successively other responses such as strains, stresses, etc. Nowadays, this method is available as a commercial FE programming or

software (ABAQUS, ANSYS, STADD.Pro, SAP, etc.) for solving large problems. Most of the FE programming used for either general purpose or

special purpose follows the same basic procedure of finite element method.

2. Modelling of Dam

The modelling of concrete gravity dam is done by one of the Finite Element Method (FEM) commercial package software ANSYS 14.The

dam is modelling in two dimensional (2D) and the element type taken here is Quadrilateral 4node PLANE182. The behaviour of the dam element

here is plane stress and the mesh size length is taken as 5. The degree of freedom (Displacement) at the base of the dam is kept zero (Fixed).

3. Analysis

In this chapter the Gravity dam is analysed by using FEM commercial package software ANSYS. Here the dam is analysed for different

cases of reservoir water depth levels (that is for 35.72m, 30m, 25 m) and constant tail water (21.66m) levels, then it is studied for free vibration

analysis. The forces considered for analysis of dams are self-weight of dam, upstream pressure, uplift pressure and tail water pressure. The water on

upstream side up to full reservoir level is 45.72m and the maximum tail water level is up to 31.66m. It has also a live storage capacity of 2130 million

cusecs provided between the FRL of +45.72m and the minimum drawdown level of +41.15m. The non over flow section of the dam is 54 m height.

The non-overflow section has been designed with the deepest foundation level at EL+10m.

Page 59

In this chapter the loads (i.e. u/s pressure, uplift pressure and tail water pressure) acting over dam for different cases of reservoir water depth and

constant tail water conditions are studied and calculated. Material property and poisons ratio, damping ratio and generation of key points, nodes,

elements, area, meshing and different cases of loadings are presented.

3.1 PROBLEM DESCRIPTION:

Full Reservoir level (FRL)

Low water level (MDDL)

Maximum tail water level

Height of the dam (H)

Sound rock level

Width of dam at bottom

Width of the dam at top

Upstream slope

Downstream slope

= + 45.72 m

= + 41.15 m

= + 31.66 m

= + 54.00 m

= + 10.00 m

= + 37.51 m

= + 9.675 m

= 1:10

= 0.85:1

Fig 3.1 (a) non over flow section of Indirasagar gravity dam

4. Cases of Analysis

The dam is analysed for different reservoir water levels and constant tail water level to find the critical points of stress, strain

displacements and to study the stress variation over the body of the dam. Different cases adopted for analysis of dam are:

1. for 35.72 m of reservoir water level and constant tail water.

2. for 30 m of reservoir water level and constant tail water.

3. for 25 m of reservoir water level and constant tail water.

5. Results

5.1 Static Analysis:

In static analysis the dam is analyzed for different cases of u/s water level (i.e. for 35.72m, 30m, 25m) and constant tail water

level of (21.66m). The forces considered for analysis are reservoir pressure, uplift and tail water pressure. The displacements, stresses

Page 60

and strain at critical points are analyzed and their values presented in tabular form and variations of these parameters under different

cases are shown in contour diagrams and graphs.

CASE 1: FOR 35.72 M WATER HEIGHT:

In this case the dam is subjected to 35.72m height u/s water level and constant tail water (21.66m) level. The u/s pressure

acting on dam is 0 MPa at top and 0.3572 MPa at bottom. The uplift pressure of 0.3572 MPa acting at heel and 0.2166 MPa acting at

toe respectively. The tail water pressure at d/s is 0 MPa at free surface and 0.2166 MPa at bottom respectively. For this case of

loading, the displacement, stress and strain values in x, y-direction for each node is given in table below and their variations are shown

in contour diagram below.

Fig 5.1(a) shows contour displacement in x-direction for 35.72m height of u/s water level and constant tail water level.

Fig 5.1(b)shows contour displacement in y-direction for 35.72m height u/s water level and constant tail water level.

Page 61

Fig 5.1(c)shows contour stress in x-direction for 35.72mheight u/s water level and constant tail water level.

Fig 5.1(d)shows contour stress in y-direction for 35.72mheight u/s water level and constant tail water level.

Fig 5.1(e)shows contour strain in x-direction for 35.72mheight u/s water level and constant tail water level.

Page 62

Fig 5.1(f)shows contour strain in y-direction for 35.72mheight u/s water level and constant tail water level.

DISPLACEMENTS(mm)

8.00E-04

7.00E-04

6.00E-04

5.00E-04

4.00E-04

3.00E-04

2.00E-04

1.00E-04

0.00E+00

1

2

3

LOAD CASE

Fig: 5.1(g) shows variations in maximum displacement for different load cases of u/s water level and constant tail water level

6. Conclusions

In this study the concrete gravity dam is analyses for three different reservoir water levels with constant tail water level conditions and the

parameters such as stresses, strain, displacements for each node are calculated and their contour diagrams are plotted then free vibration analysis is

done where natural frequency and mode shapes and their corresponding contour diagrams are plotted. Finally the following conclusions are obtained.

1. The maximum deflection (UX = 6.99E-4) in x-direction is found at node number 13 which is located at extreme top right on the downstream side

and comes under case 1.

2. The maximum deflection (UY = 1.49E-4) in y-direction is found at node number 8 which is located at upstream face just below the FRL and

comes under case 1.

3. The maximum stress (SX= 8.25E-2) in x-direction is found at node number 1 which is located at extreme left bottom of heel and comes under

case 1.

4. The maximum stress (SY= 8.25E-2) in y-direction is found at node number 1 which is located at extreme left bottom of heel and comes under

case 1.

5. The maximum elastic strain (EPELX = 1.71E-7) in x-direction is found at node number 31 of case 5, and is located at bottom near to the toe.

6. The maximum elastic strain (EPELY = 1.70E-5) in y-direction is found at node number 1 of case 1, and is located at extreme left bottom of heel.

7. Maximum displacement, maximum stress and natural frequency are found to be high for mode number 5.

REFERENCE

[1]

[2]

[3]

Anil K. Chopra, Dynamics of Structures, Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering (2nd Edition), Prentice Hall of India Private

Limited, New Delhi, 2005.

Bureau of Indian standards IS: 1893-1984. Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures. ManakBhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar

Marg, New Delhi 110003.

Bureau of Indian standards IS: 6512-1984. Criteria for design of solid gravity dams. ManakBhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New

Delhi 110003.

Page 63

[4]

[5]

[6]

[7]

[8]

[9]

[10]

[11]

Burman.A, Reddy.B.V, Maity.D (2008) Seismic Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dams Considering Foundation Flexibility and Non

Linearity. The 12th International Conference of International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics.

Fenves, G. and A.K. Chopra, 1984. Earthquake Analysis of Concrete Gravity Dams Including Reservoir Bottom Absorption and Dam-WaterFoundation Rock Interaction, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 12: 663-680.

GaurvaVerma, Verma. M.K, Tripati. R.K (2012) Dynamics Analysis of Hirakund dam due to Seismic Forces. International Journal of

Scientific Research Publications, ISSN 2250-3153, Volume 2, Issue 9.

Karim M Pathan, 2012. Finite Element Analysis of 99.60m High Roller Compacted Concrete (RCC) Gravity dam Special Emphasis on

Dynamic Analysis, Volume3,pp. 387-391.

Leclerc.M, Leger.P, Tinawi.R (2012). Computer Aided Stability Analysis of Gravity Dams, 4 th Structural Speciality Conference of the

Canadian Society for Civil Engineering.

Mohammad Mehdi Heydari and Abbas Mansoori(2012) Dynamic Analysis of Dam-Reservoir Interaction in Time Domain.World Applied

Sciences Journal 15 (10): 1403-1408, 2011.

S. K. Garg, Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures, 24th revised Edition, Khanna Publishers, Delhi 2011.

Shiva Khosravi and Mohammad Mehdi Heydari, 2013.Modelling of Concrete Gravity Dam Including Dam-Water-Foundation Rock

Interaction 22 (4): 538-546.

Page 64

- Stiffness Coefficients for Nozzles in API 650 Tanks_2Uploaded byyogacruise
- Construction of DamsUploaded bySukhada Desai
- 01. CAD - CAMUploaded byAzaath Azu
- T Beam bridge.pdfUploaded byganesh
- Mini Project AbstractUploaded byVasanth Reddy
- Dam FailureUploaded byMubashirKhattak
- Dams and BarragesUploaded byTariq Ahmed
- Finite Element Analysis of PVC window profile &aluminium window profile with and without thermal breakUploaded byAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Lab AUploaded bydr_ar_marwat
- E03ENGUploaded byAndre Oliveira
- user-2dUploaded bywadh1
- FEM Question Bank 1 MarksUploaded byMayank Patel
- 906-1984-1-SMUploaded byklomps_jr
- digimat_601_releasenotesUploaded byIsrar Ullah
- ELEC2219_FD+TAS_2015@USMC.pdfUploaded byjustme8
- Elastomeric Seal Life Prediction - A Manufacturing PerspectiveUploaded byAmerican Engineering Group
- A STUDY OF STIFFNESS MATRICES FOR THE ANALYSIS OF FLAT PLATESUploaded byMohammad Hosein Ghayur
- Armadura EmbutidaUploaded byLucas Marques
- Seismic Qualification of RTO System Base Using Finite Element AnalysisUploaded byHi-Tech CADD Services
- Libro elementos finitosUploaded byAnonymous Sq59gwKb
- 50494_13.pdfUploaded bywearplay
- Elegir El Sitio y El Tipo de PresaUploaded byAnthony Peter Solano Estrada
- Slide Chpt05Uploaded byKrishna Myakala
- Handout_1.3_FEA_BigIdeas_WithNotes.pdfUploaded byวรศิษฐ์ อ๋อง
- Solución Analítica Para La Deformación de Un Cilindro Bajo Las Fuerzas Gravitacionales de MareaUploaded byMonica Chipana Marcas
- IFEM + NFEM - Module Description BGU32028Uploaded byDevis Cami
- 1-s2.0-0003682X9400045W-main.pdfUploaded byLaith Egab
- 310f27f290e34a6392b5974c7f756810Uploaded byJorge Luis Garcia Zuñiga
- Calculations in Scia Engineer 1.pdfUploaded byDaniel Rabascall
- FryUploaded byRoss Zhou

- Arch DamsUploaded bySuperb Hard
- manual gps xUploaded byJose Luis Urquidi Barea
- 1-s2.0-S0307904X09002339-mainUploaded byDaniel Worku
- tembankmentdam1Uploaded byMuhammad Hamza
- WMO-No.168-1994Uploaded byhydrologyproject0
- 15 WatershedModeling-MaricopaHEC1Uploaded byJose Luis Urquidi Barea
- Fluid Mechanics With Engineering ApplicationsUploaded bycivengbridge64
- 3 Paper Wieland Seismic Design CriteriaUploaded byjoaoaugusto79
- Finite Element Analysis of 99.60 m High Roller Compacted Concrete (Rcc)Uploaded byJose Luis Urquidi Barea
- 30Uploaded byJose Luis Urquidi Barea
- Seismic and Stability Analysis of Gravity Dams Using Staad Pro (2012) - Paper (11)Uploaded byJulio Humberto Díaz Rondán
- 2010-11.1 LRFD Effect DOTs and RCPUploaded bymmjamr
- Ch-36 Box Culvert DesignUploaded byjorgesalinaseng

- Chapter 11 BendingUploaded bySang Ka Kala
- HPLC Lab ManualUploaded byRakesh Kumar Chaudhary
- 1Uploaded bythavamani
- Schoeps Basic Knowledge for Mic UsersUploaded byklepkoj
- AAL Lectin SpecificityUploaded byRamona Neka Tamo
- MIT Electric Field Notes, Electric Fields and Discrete Charge DistributionsUploaded byNathan Thai
- 41084(364)94Uploaded byHenrique Towata Sato
- Assignment 7221 MD-IIIUploaded bykalika
- 4 - Swarms - Collective Transport by Ants and Robots - Chen Et Al - Occlusion-based Cooperative TransportUploaded byduckythief
- Quantum Relativity.pdfUploaded byAnonymous lKMmPk
- A New Wavelet-based Method for Contrastledge EnhancementUploaded byAnshik Bansal
- econometrics_I definitions , theorems and factsUploaded byshere0002923
- Elementary Mathematics for EconomicsUploaded byDavid Jack
- edcUploaded byMurugan Balakrishnan
- Environmental Lab-1Uploaded byAbdullah Mofarrah
- mono digliserida emulsion for drug.pdfUploaded byputik.loka94
- AHRI Standard 885-2008 Duct Discharge Calculation SpreadsheetUploaded byairwind101
- Study on Dispersion Polymerization Process of Silica AerogelPolystyrene Core-Shell Composite ParticlesUploaded byivy_publisher
- 31-2-253Uploaded byTezin
- Cat 4Uploaded byPraveen Kumar
- Hysteretic Models for RC Columns.Uploaded byabhishekPhD
- HSP Maths F5Uploaded bybmasniah
- Lecture 23 - Natural ConvectionUploaded byAshish Raj
- Chapter5(5.1~5.3)Uploaded byRezif Sugandi
- Enhancing the Properties of Coal Briquette Using Spear Grass (Imperata Cylindrica)Uploaded byMukut Das
- CFD Lab ManualUploaded bycoool_imran
- Solutions to Levi Applied Quantum Mechanics 2nd EdUploaded bySam Johnson
- Twin ParadoxUploaded byKiranPrabhu Santhanam
- ap08_physics_c_mech_frqUploaded byeljo1
- 0124759610 Experimental Physics- UltrasonicUploaded byCalin Truta