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# Example of fluid : WATER

Proces data :
P1 :

P2 :

deltaP:

T:

1 kgf/cm2G =
=

14.223 psig
28.923 psia

= 199.2795 kPa

0.5 kgf/cm2G = 7.1115 psig
= 21.8115 psia

= 150.2812 kPa

7.1115 psia
48.998 kPa

(deltaP of absolute pressure)
(deltaP of absolute pressure)

100 degC

=
=

212 degF
373 K

1000 kg/m3

=

62 lb/ft3

1 T/H

=
=

1000 kg/h
1 m3/h

1 m3/h

=
=

1000 kg/h
4.403 gpm

v @ FTP :

1 cp
1 Pas

=
=

0.001 Pas
1000 cp

Pv :

1 kgf/cm2G =
=

14.223 psig
28.923 psia

= 199.2795 kPa

2 kgf/cm2G =
=

28.446 psig
43.146 psia

= 297.2759 kPa

rho :
Q:

Pc :

v:

1 m2/s

u:
v:

1 cp
1E-006 m2/s

=
=

2200 lb/h
4.403 gpm

=

2200 lb/h

(kinematic viscosity)

=

0.001 Pas

(dynamic viscosity)

(inlet ABSOLUTE pressure)

outlet ABSOLUTE pressure)

Valve & Piping data :
D1 :
1 inch
D2 :
1 inch
d:
1 inch
Fl :

=
=
=

@ page 26 Table 2 ISA 75.0
=
0.9 (example)

Calculation :
1. Check flow is chocked or non-chock
1.a. Non-choked flow without attached

48.99824 <

43.461

where Ff :

=

(ABSOLUTE vapor pressure)

0.7307

if Non-choked flow without attached fi

(ABSOLUTE thermodynamic critical pressure)
Cv =
Kv=

1.652
1.429

Next, calculate Reynolds number :

viscosity)
=

28699

.

.

4 mm 25.01 (example) hocked or non-chocked ow without attached fitting ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa w without attached fitting.01 valve style modifier) .0016 (mm) 0. then the Cv : N1 = 0.0865 (m3/h. m2/s) 0.25.4 mm 25.4 mm e 26 Table 2 ISA 75.46 (@ Table 2 of ISA75.0707 (m3/h. kPa) ynolds number : N2 = N4 = Fd = > 10000 = TURBULENT 0.

.

.

then the Cv : Cv= Kv= 1.99824 >= 43.b.1.85 > 10000 = TURBULENT modifier) .51687 Next. Choked flow without attached fitting 48.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa if choked flow without attached fitting.753607 1. calculate Reynolds number : Rev= 27853.

.

.

1. use the following : Iterasi 1 : Fp = 1 Ci = C from calculated non-chocked flow = 1.428597 (non-chocked) Calculate Flp : where = = where = 0 = 0 = 0 Calculate : 48.99824 < 43.c. Non-choked flow with attached fitting Before calculate above equation.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa 0.9 .

46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1. then continue to 3rd Iteration : Iterasi 3 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 2nd iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 2nd iteration : 0.651557 else.99.651557 1.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : .99.651557 else. then used Cv in the AL48 row as calculated Cv = else.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48. then continue to 4th Iteration : Iterasi 4 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 3rd iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 3rd iteration : 0.651557 C2/C3 = 1 Kv = 1.651557 C1/C2 = 1 Kv = 1.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48.651557 1 where = 0 where = 0 = 0 Calculate Flp using Cv in 1st iteration : 0.99824 < 43. then used Cv in the AJ73 row as calculated Cv = 1.428597 1 if Ci/C > 0. then used Cv in the AJ83 row as calculated Cv = 1.428597 if Ci/C > 0. then continue to 2nd Iteration : Iterasi 2 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 1st iteration: = 1.99.428597 if Ci/C > 0.99824 < 43.Calculate C : Cv = Kv = Ci/C1 1.

428597 if Ci/C > 0.99824 < 43.99.48.99824 < 43. then continue to 5th Iteration : Iterasi 5 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 4th iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 4th iteration : 0.428597 if Ci/C > 0.651557 else.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1.651557 C4/C5 = 1 Kv = 1.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48. then used Cv in the AJ93 row as calculated Cv = 1. then continue to 6th Iteration : .651557 else. then used Cv in the AJ103 row as calculated Cv = 1.99.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1.651557 C3/C4 = 1 Kv = 1.

then continue to 2nd Iteration : Iterasi 2 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 1st iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 1st iteration : 0.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48.51687 if Ci/C > 0. use the following : Iterasi 1 : Fp = 1 Ci = C from calculated chocked flow = 1.1.9 43.99824 >= 43.51687 (choked) Flp = 48.51687 if Ci/C > 0. Choked flow with attached fitting Before calculate above equation.753607 C1/C2 = 1 Kv = 1.753607 Ci/C1 = 1 Kv = 1.99.99824 >= Calculate C : 0.d. then continue to 3rd Iteration : Iterasi 3 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 2nd iteration: Fp = 1 .46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1. then used Cv in the AS30 row as calculated Cv = else.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Cv = 1.99. then used Cv in the AJ40 row as calculated Cv = else.

99.99824 >= 43.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1. then used Cv in the AS50 row as calculated Cv = else.753607 C2/C3 = 1 Kv = 1.99824 >= 43.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1.99.51687 if Ci/C > 0. then used Cv in the AS70 row as calculated Cv = else. then continue to 4th Iteration : Iterasi 4 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 3rd iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 3rd iteration : 0.46137 ABSOLUTE pressure of kPa Calculate C : Cv = 1.753607 C3/C4 = 1 Kv = 1.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48.Calculate Flp using Cv in 2nd iteration : 0. then continue to 5th Iteration : Iterasi 5 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 4th iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 4th iteration : 0.51687 if Ci/C > 0.9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48.99824 >= 43. then continue to 6th Iteration : .9 Check chocked or non-chocked : 48.51687 if Ci/C > 0.99. then used Cv in the AS60 row as calculated Cv = else.753607 C4/C5 = 1 Kv = 1.

.

1.753607 .753607 ressure of kPa 1.

753607 ressure of kPa 1.753607 .ressure of kPa 1.753607 ressure of kPa 1.

.

998 kPa (deltaP of absolute pressure) (deltaP of absolute pressure) T1 : 100 degC = = 212 degF 373 K rho : 1000 kg/m3 = 62 lb/ft3 1 T/H = = 1000 kg/h 1 m3/h 1 m3/h = = 1000 kg/h 4.5 kgf/cm2G = 7.223 psig 28.988 (compressibility factor) 1 cp 1E-006 m2/s 2200 lb/h 4.Example of fluid : CO2 Proces data : P1 : P2 : deltaP: 1 kgf/cm2G = = 14.2795 kPa 0.1115 psig = 21.2759 kPa Q: Pc : v: M: 1 m2/s 44 kg/kmol = 2200 lb/h (molecular mass) 1.8115 psia = 150.223 psig 28.1115 psia 48.146 psia = 297.446 psig 43.923 psia = 199.3 (specific heat ratio) Z: 0.001 Pas 1000 cp Pv : 1 kgf/cm2G = = 14.2812 kPa 7.403 gpm v @ FTP : 1 cp 1 Pas = = 0.2795 kPa 2 kgf/cm2G = = 28.923 psia = 199.403 gpm (kinematic viscosity) j: u: v: = = = 0.001 Pas (dynamic viscosity) .

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(inlet ABSOLUTE pressure) outlet ABSOLUTE pressure) Valve & Piping data : D1 : 1 inch D2 : 1 inch d: 1 inch Fl : @ page 26 Table 2 ISA 75.0 = 0.33 Next.22 31. Non-choked flow without attached 0.245877 < 0.6 Calculation : 1.0 = 0.55714 where Fj : if Non-choked flow without attached fi (ABSOLUTE vapor pressure) where Y : (ABSOLUTE thermodynamic critical pressure) Cv = Kv= 36. Check flow is chocked or non-chock 1. calculate Reynolds number : = viscosity) 0.00745 .a.9 Xt : @ page 26 Table 2 ISA 75.

.

.

= = = 25.01 (example) e 26 Table 2 ISA 75.4 mm 25. K) = 0.4 mm e 26 Table 2 ISA 75.852894 ynolds number : N2 = N4 = Fd = > 10000 = TURBULENT 0.928571 w without attached fitting.01 valve style modifier) .0707 (m3/h. m2/s) 0.46 (@ Table 2 of ISA75.0016 (mm) 0. kPa. then the Cv : N8 = 0.4 mm 25.948 (kg/h.01 (example) hocked or non-chocked flow without attached fitting X = deltaP/P1 = 0.

.

.

b.557143 if choked flow without attached fitting.1.61599 Next. calculate Reynolds number : Rev= 0.007762 > 10000 = TURBULENT modifier) .245877 >= 0.76993 26. then the Cv : Cv= Kv= 30. Choked flow without attached fitting 0.

.

.

557143 0. use the following : Iterasi 1 : Fp = 1 Ci = C from calculated non-chocked flow = 31.1.c.0018 (mm) Calculate Xtp : Xtp = where = where Calculate : 0.6 = 0 = 0 = 0 . Non-choked flow with attached fitting Before calculate above equation.245877 < 0.33269 (non-chocked) N5 = 0.

99. then continue to 4th Iteration : Iterasi 4 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 3rd iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Xtp using Cv in 3rd iteration : 0.22276 C1/C2 = 1 Kv = 31. then used Cv in the AJ73 row as calculated Cv = else.245877 < 0. then continue to 2nd Iteration : Iterasi 2 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 1st iteration: = 36.99. then used Cv in the AL48 row as calculated Cv = else.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 36.245877 < 0.99.33269 1 if Ci/C > 0. then used Cv in the AJ83 row as calculated Cv = else.22276 1 where = 0 where = 0 = 0 Calculate Xtp using Cv in 1st iteration : 0.22276 31.6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 36.22276 .22276 C2/C3 = 1 Kv = 31.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 36. then continue to 3rd Iteration : Iterasi 3 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 2nd iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Xtp using Cv in 2nd iteration : 0.Calculate C : Cv = Kv = Ci/C1 36.6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.33269 if Ci/C > 0.22276 36.33269 if Ci/C > 0.

6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.245877 < 0.0.33269 if Ci/C > 0. then continue to 6th Iteration : 36.99.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 36.99.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 36.22276 36.245877 < 0. then used Cv in the AJ93 row as calculated Cv = else. then used Cv in the AJ103 row as calculated Cv = else.33269 if Ci/C > 0.22276 C4/C5 = 1 Kv = 31.22276 . then continue to 5th Iteration : Iterasi 5 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 4th iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Xtp using Cv in 4th iteration : 0.22276 C3/C4 = 1 Kv = 31.

99.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 30. Choked flow with attached fitting Before calculate above equation.d. use the following : Iterasi 1 : Fp = 1 Ci = C from calculated chocked flow = 26.61599 if Ci/C > 0.6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.61599 if Ci/C > 0. then used Cv in the AS30 row as calculated Cv = else.76993 Ci/C1 = 1 Kv = 26. then continue to 2nd Iteration : Iterasi 2 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 1st iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Xtp using Cv in 1st iteration : 0.99.76993 C1/C2 = 1 Kv = 26. then used Cv in the AJ40 row as calculated Cv = else.61599 (choked) Xtp = 0.1.557143 Cv = 30.245877 >= 0.245877 >= Calculate C : 0.6 0. then continue to 3rd Iteration : Iterasi 3 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 2nd iteration: Fp = 1 .

6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.99.6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.76993 C2/C3 = 1 Kv = 26. then used Cv in the AS70 row as calculated Cv = else. then continue to 6th Iteration : .557143 Calculate C : Cv = 30. then used Cv in the AS50 row as calculated Cv = else.245877 >= 0.61599 if Ci/C > 0.Calculate Xtp using Cv in 2nd iteration : 0.245877 >= 0.6 Check chocked or non-chocked : 0.61599 if Ci/C > 0. then continue to 4th Iteration : Iterasi 4 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 3rd iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Xtp using Cv in 3rd iteration : 0.99.245877 >= 0.76993 C3/C4 = 1 Kv = 26.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 30.99. then used Cv in the AS60 row as calculated Cv = else.61599 if Ci/C > 0.76993 C4/C5 = 1 Kv = 26.557143 Calculate C : Cv = 30. then continue to 5th Iteration : Iterasi 5 : Calculate Fp using Cv in 4th iteration: Fp = 1 Calculate Flp using Cv in 4th iteration : 0.

.

76993 30.30.76993 .

76993 .30.76993 30.76993 30.