You are on page 1of 40

AXT 12103

AXT stand for Automatic exchange transit switch.

(PABX) Private Automatic Branch Exchanges switches.

Sweden made (Ericsson company).

Enter into service in R.J.A.F. (1986 1987).

AXT 12103 has been developed for military networks needs.

In Jordan we have (11) AXT12103 switches exchanges, ( 10 ) of

them is in service now.

AXT12103 can works with analogue or digital networks, or in

mixture of both.

AXT12103 is a (stored, program, controlled system) SPC system,

it consists of a switching unit with a digital switch (TSM) and a
control unit with a control processor (CP) and a number of regional
processors (RP).

One switch (TSM) has (512) multiple positions or time switch or

channel, we can connect up to (3) switches (TSM), so the total
capacity for one exchange (1536) multiple positions.

In some AXT12103 exchanges we have two (TSM'S) thats mean

(1024) multiple positions.

We can take from AXT exchange different type of subscribers

like: 2 Wire subscribers, 4 Wire E&M subscribers.
Subscribers from (PCM) links (2MB) connected.

AXT12103 is a compared of local exchange and transit exchange.

Local exchange:AXT12103 handles traffic both from normal telephone sets, (PABX)
exchanges and other types of subscribers equipment (PMBX)
exchanges as (hicom, hybrex, siemens, etc.), the (10) exchanges

work as one exchange so we dont need to add access code to make

calls between AXT subscribers, if we program one subscriber in any
AXT exchange, it well automatically determined in the others .

Transit exchange :Transit traffic is switched through the AXT12103 network and to other
networks, when any trunk routes between AXT12103 exchanges is out
of service or all channels are busy also if there is no direct cables
between AXT's exchange, the traffic calls are divert automatically to
another trunk route and thats can be determined with a special menu
in AXT exchange ( determined by levels priority ) .





Calls from AXT02 to AXT04 goes through AXT03 switch (transit

If the cable between AXT03 and AXT04 is out of service or all
channels are busy, traffic calls will goes from AXT02 to AXT03
to AXT01 then to AXT04.

AXT12103 is able to cope with both mesh as well as star and loop
network structure.

It consist of three levels:1- System (APT, APZ).
2- Subsystem (magazines for APT, APZ).
3- Functional units (boards, buses, .).
AXT12103 is divided to two main parts:-

1- APT101:- switching system (hardware).

2- APZ101:- control system (software).


Switching system APT101 is implemented partly in software and partly

in hardware, it contains the traffic processing functions of the exchange
as well as operation and maintenance functions. The software of
switching system is thus physically placed in the stores of the processors
of the control system.
The control part of the switching system APT is a duplicated digital
switch (TSM) WITH (512) multiple positions. Terminal units and other
types of equipment for interface functions towards different types of lines
are connected to the switch like (ETC, MJC, SMD) magazines.

APT101 is divided into the following subsystems:a- Switching Subsystem (SWS).

SWS:- Controlled from TCS, handles the setting up and release of
connections through the system switch.
b- Trunk and Signaling Subsystem (TSS).
TSS:- Performs interface functions towards lines connected to the
c- Operator Subsystem (OPS).
OPS:- Handles the functions which are associated with attendant
(operator) assisted set-up of calls.
d- Common Channel signaling Subsystem (CCS).
CCS:- Performs interface functions towards lines to other
exchanges in the AXT121 network.
e- Traffic Control Subsystem (TCS).

TCS:- In a superior way and on the basis of information from other

subsystems, controls the setting up and release of connection
through the system.
f- Operation and Maintenance Subsystem (OMS).
OMS :- Contains functions for supervision, start of the system for
administration of exchange data.
SWS, TSS, CCS and OPS consist of hardware as well as software,
while TCS and OMS contains software only.

We have " 7 " cabinets at least connected in one row or two row.
Each cabinet consist of " 7 " magazines or shelf's.
Magazine " A " in each cabinet called (DM) Distribution Module,
used for power distribution to the other magazines inside that
cabinet, also this magazine contains Fan System Unit which consist
of " 4 " fans which used for cooling and for rotating the air inside
the cabinet.
In the bottom of each cabinet there is a filter used to protect the
cabinets from dust.

Cabinet # 1 & 2 : Contain the same magazines and they are duplicated to each other.

Magazine / B :- (CPU) Central Processor Unit.

It consist of the following boards :Pos. 1:- DC/DC ( ROF 131 991/1 )
Used to feed magazine " B " the ( CPU ) with " 5 V DC ".
Pos. 4:- ALU ( ROF 137 1069/1 )
Arithmetic Logic Unit, used to control all the arithmetic and
mathematical logic functions.

Pos. 7 :- BIF ( ROF 137 1070/1 )

Bus Interface, used to control traffic operation buses between the
(CPU) it self and with the other magazines in the exchange.
There is a red light should be " ON " in both ( CPU'S ).
There is a three black switches:1- Not used.
2- Make halt for ( CPU ) if it pressed to inside, it should be
released to out position in both ( CPU'S ).
3- This is important switch used to make small restart if we push
this button one time ( restart for the cpu ) , if we push this
button twice this well make big restart for all the exchange.
Pos. 9:- CTA ( ROF 137 1157/1 )
Cartridge Tape Adapter, used to connect the tape drive equipment
with the both ( CPU'S ), to make loading the data from the tape
drive to the ( CPU'S ) or saving ( dumping ) the data from the
( CPU ) to the tape drive.
Pos. 11:- WSU ( ROF 137 7508/2 )
Write/Read Storage Unit (memory board), used to store all
information or data on it, it's divided to two parts:1- ( ROM ) Read Only Memory.
2- ( RAM ) Random Access Memory, we can load on it master
program from the company, and exchange subscriber data for
that exchange.
There is a green light should be lighted "ON" in both (CPU'S).
Pos. 14 & 16:- LIA ( ROF 137 1227/1 )
Pos. 14 = LIA 0

, Pos. 16 = LIA 1

Line Interface Adapter, used to connect the (CPU) with the (VDT)
Visual Display Terminal.

In the catalog cabinet, we make manual connection with the

monitor from the board ( pos. 14 / 4B).
In the exchange: - from pos. 14 in both (CPU'S), there is a cable go
to V24-MUX board in the (CPU'S), so the V24-MUX board
connect the (VDT) with the active (CPU).
If we want to work on the master program from the company, we
do that by changing the first plug in each board (LIA) with the
LIA 0 ( POS. 14 )

LIA 1 ( POS.16 )




To work on the
master program



Pos. 18:- ( BCAP )

Pos. 20:- ( BCRP )

ROF 137 1241/1

ROF 137 1242/1

BCAP, Bus Communication Adapter.

BCRP, Bus Communication Regional Processor.
These two boards used to connect the ( R.P ) buses between the
(CPU'S) and the other magazines in the exchange for sending and
receiving the data from them.
Pos. 22:- (MAU-D/F) ( ROF 137 1063/1 )
Maintenance Unit Duplicated Force, supervision unit of the CPU's,
control executive and standby CPU and communication between
There is red light (should be lighted (ON) in active ( CPU'S ) and
( OFF ) in the stand by ( CPU ).
There is a switch should be released to (out) position in both
If this switch pressed to inside (In) in the active CPU this will
make hold the active CPU, So we can work in the standby CPU, if
there is any fault there, So, the exchange will not be effected.

MAU D/F used to the following functions:

1. Supervision of program handling in CPU.
2. Supervision of voltage supply to CPU.
3. Alarm sending, used for collecting alarms in the exchange and
displayed them in the VDT, or indicates lights in the alarm
panel, we have three classes of alarms on the VDT:"A" Serious, we should take action immediately to solve this
"B" Less serious, Less than A.
"C" Normal faults, could be ignored or solved later.
4. Initiation of program loading when starting or restarting the
5. Duplicated with the other CPU.
Pos. 24:-: (MAU-A) ( ROF 137 1051/1 )
Maintenance Unit - Alarm board, supervision unit of the CPU
distributes the alarms to the alarm panel.
In the board: There is a red light (normally should be off).
There is a blue switch (up and down).
MAU-A board used to operate the exchange manually or
automatically by using the blue switch.
If the switch in the down position:
Exchange start automatically and will start loading the master
program first (4-5 Min.) then the exchange data program from
the restart file (4-5 Min.) From the tape drive.
(During 8 10 Min. one CPU should be start).

If the switch in the upper position:

This will cause the exchange to start manually so master
program will start loading first to the CPU, then the tape will
stop loading , then we call menu ( F302 ) from the ( VDT ) and
select the type of the file to be load from it, which contain the
program of the exchange data, we have two types of exchange
data files:1- Restart file.
2- New start file, which divided to two parts ( New start
0, and New start 1 ).
New start files is a back up files for the restart file.
After chosen the exchange data file, the tape will start loading
the data to the ( CPU ) ( 4 5 min. ) and the exchange will
In the normal situation in the exchange in both ( CPU'S ) this
button should be in ( Down ) position ( Automatically ) .
Pos. 25:- RTC ( ROF 137 5053/1 )
Real Time Clock, used to define the date and time in the exchange.










Pos. 27:- V24-MUX ( ROF 137 1383/1 )

CCITT V24-Multiplexor
Used to connect the ( VDT ) with the active ( CPU ).
Each board in the two (CPU'S ) has two switches.
There is a three situation's for these two switches that can be
defined to make connection between the CPU and the VDT:-

1. Normal situation, the VDT is connected with the active

2. Set the VDT to be connected with CPU no. 1.
3. Set the VDT to be connected with CPU no. 0
Pos. 29:- BTX-E (R0F 137 1034/1)
Bus Extender Card End, end board in MEM1 for internal data
communication bus between central processor and extension
Pos. 30:- DC/DC (ROF 131 667/2)
Used to feed power supply voltage to the CPU with (12 V DC)
Magazine / C :-:- (SPM) Space Module
Used to mark connections between the two or three (TSM'S)
magazines on one cabinet.
Each TSM subscribers can speak alone so to allowed subscriber
from TSM/0 want to make a call with a subscriber in TSM/1,
(SPM) do this work.

Magazine / D :- (CLM) clock module

We have 3 CLM s detected in cabinets 01, 02, and 03 in shelf D,
used to make synchronization between AXT exchanges by sending
the synchronized freq.( 8 Khz ) on the synchronized channel on the
trunk route cable which is ch. # (0) which connected via (ETC)
magazine ( 2Mb PCM ), if there is any distortion or deviation on
the frequency between any AXT exchanges this will cause trouble
for the communication, like ( humming, distortion, clicks, weak
sound ).
We have one master exchange in AXT network, ( AXT 04 master )
( AXT 07 stand by master / slave ).

In the master exchange we have ( 3 RCM ) ( Reference Clock

Module ) boards, but in the slave exchange, we have ( 1 RCM )
board. In normal conditions its in stand by mode ( not working )
because the exchange get the synchronized frequency from another
exchange, but when there isn't any synchronized frequency are
coming for one exchange by the trunk routes between the AXT'S
the ( RCM ) will start working automatically and give the
frequency needed for the ( 3 CLM'S ) inside the exchange to let the
subscribers make calls between them inside that exchange.
( CLM ) contains ( VCXO ) Voltage Control Crystal Oscillator,
phase generator and phase comparator, all of these are used inside
the ( CLM ) magazine to handle the frequency between the ( 3
CLM'S ).
There are two type out put frequency from the ( CLM ) :1- 8 KHZ :- Synchronized between AXT exchanges.
2- 4.096 MHZ :- used inside the exchange .
Both frequencies are in phase .
Magazine / E,F,G :- (TSM) Time Switch Module
Its the hardware important part in APT101 system, each TSM can
control 512 time slots for subscribers or channels, exchange
capacity at maximum ( 3 TSM ) magazine equal ( 1536 ) time slot.
In AXT exchanges, some have ( 2 TSM ) 1024 time slots, and
others have ( 3 TSM ) 1536 time slots.
Each ( TSM ) contain ( 4 LMU ) boards, each ( LMU ) board
connected with it ( 4 ) groups, groups could be ( ETC, SMD, MJC )
magazine, each group contain ( 32 ) time slot or channel.
So each board ( LMU ) can handle = 4 * 32 = 128 time slot .
There is ( 16 ) group in one ( TSM ) = 16 * 32 = 512 time slot .
Cabinet # 3 :Magazine / B :10

this magazine is divided to two parts:1- CTE :- Cartridge Tape Equipment .

2- MJC-D :- Multi Junctor Circuit Digital for ( conference ) .

CTE :- used to load the data from the tape drive to the memory
board (WSU ) in both ( CPU'S 0,1 ), or used to save ( dump ) any new
data that has been changed or added in to the active ( CPU ) and save
it in the tape .
we have some cards used in ( CTE ) magazine :a- CCU-A :- ROF 137 5029/1 Cartridge Control Unit - A
Used for software handling for loading and dumping in the
tape drive .
b- b- CCU-B :- ROF 137 5030/1 Cartridge Control Unit - B
Used for hardware handling between the tape drive and the
both ( CPU's ) by a bus cable to connect between them .
Both cards used to connect the tape drive with ( CTA ) card
in the ( CPU ) .
c- CTVC ( Cartridge Tape Voltage Control )
d- Tape Drive :- ROD 906 03
There is some switches and light indicators in the front of
the tape drive :1- LOADED :- ( not switch , light indicator )
lighted when loading from the tape to the ( CPU ) .
2- WRITE PERMIT :- ( not switch , light indicator )
lighted ( ON ) when its allowed to make adjustment or
changes to ( save ) any changes on the tape.
When its (OFF) not lighted this will be for two reason :a- Tape knob is in save mode.

b- Write permit (OFF), behind the silver door in the tape

drive, we have ( 4 ) black switches , if they are in the
(LEFT) position this mean the tape is protected from
any changes, if they are in the (RIGHT) position its
allowed to make save for any changes .
3- REWIND / UNLOAD :- ( switch )
used to rewind the tape, after loading the data the tape
will rewind to first automatically, also this button
allowed the tape to rewind to first by pushing it for
more than ( 2 -3 sec. ), and then this will eject the tape
from the tape drive , but ( ON LINE ) switch should be
( OFF ) first to do that.
4- ON LINE :- ( switch lighted ON )
used to give indicator that its allowed to get loading or
saving to the tape .
There is an indicator lamp inside the tape drive ( 14 V DC lamp )
should be ( ON ) all the time because it reflected the light from the
tape cassette to the sensor to give indication to start loading or
saving the data .
Magnetic tape :- (MW DC300XLP), (45 Mbytes 450 ft
" 137.2 m" )
Magnetic tape cross section:Tracks

Master Program
Restart File
New Start # 1 & 2
Master Program

In automatic start mode, loading start first from master program (45 min. ) then from the exchange data ( Restart file ) ( 4-5 min. ) .
In manual start mode, loading start first from master program ( 4-5
min. ) then the tape stop loading , after that from the ( VDT ) in
menu ( F302 ) we chose the type of exchange data file ( Restart file
" R " , or New start file " N " 1 or 2 ) .


2- MJC-D :- Multi Junctor Circuit Digital for ( conference ) .

Allows the subscribers to make conference up to ( 8 ) subscribers
at the same call .
we have two ways to make conference :a- by using ( F140 , sub. # ) , by marking " X " on automatic
conference bar .
b- sub. ( A ) calls ( B ) and ( B ) answer , sub. ( A ) bush " R "
button in the telephone so he gets the dial tone again and
make call with sub. ( C ) , to make conference between the
three parts sub. ( A ) bush " R " button and number ( 3 ) on
the telephone .

Magazine / C : Its divided in to two parts :1- TP/OP :- test point / operation point used for collecting alarms that
occurred in the AXT cabinet like (temperature change , voltage , main
power , source failure , fans alarm) and display these alarms in the
(VDT ) through ( MAU ) boards in the ( CPU ) in menu ( F311 ) fault
menu .
2- LTE :- Line Test Equipment .
CLTE ( Continuity Line Test Equipment )
Used to make testing for analogue lines only on the analogue trunk
route cables by sending tone in these lines and receive this tone again.
Magazine / D :- ( CLM ) clock module
described before.
Magazine / E & F :- CRDTMF 0 & 1

Code Receiver Dual Tone Multi Frequency.

key set receiver , used for reception of digit signal frequency

from key set telephone, and also control the receiving mode for
telephones .

Magazine / G :- CSDTMF 0 & 1

Code Sender Dual Tone Multi Frequency.
key set sender , used for sending the digits to the other AXT
subscribers , also control sending process .
we have two cards in the this magazine ( TRDT ) Tone Receiver
for Dialing Tone, which used for reception of dial tone for AXT
subscribers .

Cabinet # 4 , 5 : These cabinets could be contain the following magazines :SMD :- Subscriber Multiplex Device .
Used to supply us with subscribers lines ( 2 wires ) or ( 6 wires ) 4W
E&M , the type of the wires determined by the signal board, we have
two types of them :1- ( SC-E&M ) :- ROF 137 7544/1, Signal Converter E&M
give us six wire subscriber ( 4W E&M ), each board control (4)
subscriber .
2- ( SC-KR ) :- ROF 137 7216/2, Signal Converter KR
give us two wire subscriber, ), each board control (4) subscriber .

One ( SMD ) give us ( 32 ) channels or time slots.

One (SMD ) is divided to ( 4 ) groups, each group contain
( 2 ) boards of signal card which can handle ( 4 ) subscriber, also


the group had one board ( TR.-CHU ) , and one board of ( RXCHU ) , both of them control ( 8 ) subscriber
SMD BOARDS:Pos. 1&2 :- DC/DC cards.
Pos. 3 :- ROF 137 1820/5 RP card, ( Regional Processor )
Connected with the CPU for messages interface, the function of the
processor is to treat different types of information from the CP and
control various subunits, information from the subunits shall also be
treat by the RP and be sent to the CP.
Pos. 4 :- ROF 137 1886/1 INTF card ( Interface ),
Connect the ( SMD ) with the previous (SMD) and the next (SMD).
Pos. 5 :- SIGNAL BOARD, control the ( 1st ) four channels , it
could be ( SC-KR ) or ( SC-E&M ) .
Pos. 6 :- ROF 137 7010/5 TRU-CHU, (Transmit Channel Unit )
Control the trans method for the ( 8 ) subscriber .
Pos. 7 :- ROF 137 7011/5 REC-CHU, (Receive Channel Unit )
Control the receive method for the ( 8 ) subscriber .
Pos. 8 :- SIGNAL BOARD :- control the other four subscribers of
the first group, it could be ( SC-KR ) or ( SC-E&M ) .
Pos. ( 9-12 ) :- 2nd group ( same arrangement as above for the 1st
group ) .
Pos. ( 13-16 ) :- 3rd group ( same arrangement as above for the 1st
group ) .
Pos. ( 17-20 ) :- 4th group ( same arrangement as above for the 1st
group ) .
Pos. 21 :- ROF 137 7013/2 CONT UNIT, Connection Unit.
Interface unit between SMD and TSM.
Pos. 22 :- ROF 137 7015/ 1 TPLU-T, (Timing and Plane Select Unit)
for signaling with trunk routes with ( CCST ) .
Pos. 23 :- ROF 137 1480/7 TSU, ( Tone Sender Unit )

Give the tone for the subscribers in the ( SMD ) .

ETC :- (Exchange Terminal Circuit )
Used for digital lines ( 2Mb-PCM ) .
Each ETC can handle ( 32 ) channels.
Each magazine contains ( 4 ) ETC's ( 128 CH. ) .
Channels arrangement:Ch # 0

used for synchronization.

Ch # 16
switches .

used for signaling between AXT and other PABX

Ch # 1-15

used for audio or voice communication channels.

Ch # 17-31 used for audio or voice communication channels.

So in ETC magazine we have ( 120 ) voice channels .

ETC could be used for the following things :1- ETC could be used to connect two AXT exchanges by trunk route
cable (the channel signal are CCS)
2- ETC could be used to connect AXT exchange with any other PABX
exchanges like ( MD110, VOCOM, ASP900 ) via sub-route cable ( the
channel signal is R2 )
3- ETC could be used to give us ( two or six ) wire subscribers by
connecting the ETC with ( RSM ) device ( Remote Subscriber
Multiplex ) in STC station (the signal for the channels is RSMT ) .
Each ETC consist of 5 boards, pos. (4-8)in the magazine.
POS. 4:- TPLU-T, ( Timing and Plane Select Unit )
for signaling with trunk routes with ( CCST ) .


POS.5:- ETLI ( Exchange Termination Line Interface )

Interface board for PCM signaling, distributes incoming clock to CLM
units and sends signals from timeslot 16 to and from CCST.
POS.6:- ETPC ( Exchange Termination Processpor Circuit )
Controller unit for ETC, controlled by a microprocessor.
POS.7:- EMCI ( Extension Module Controller Interface )
Interface between RP and the ETC boards.
POS.8:- R.P (Regional Processor) connected with CPU for messages
interface, the function of the processor is to treat different types of
information from the CP and control various subunits, information
from the subunits shall also be treat by the RP and be sent to the CP.
Cabinet #6 :Magazine / B : divided to two parts 1- RG (Ringer) in pos.1 ( ROF131 708/1 ) This board used to give
ringing for the telephone when we receive calls . Ringer voltage
70-105 V AC , AXT ringing voltage ( 70 VAC ), ( 25 Hz ).
2- We have (4) power cards used to supply the ( FAN,S ) in all
cabinets with
( - 48 V DC ) .
Magazine / C :- ( Modem )
Used in analogue trunk-Route cables in AXT network to translate
the analogue data to digital or digital to analogue , because AXT is
a digital system, the modem type ( ZAT 4800/7 ) ( 4.8 Kb ) .
Magazine / D :- ( CCST ) Common Channel Signaling Terminal .
Each magazine consist of ( 6 CCST'S ) .
Type of signal is ( CCITT NO. 7 ) , used in AXT network between
the exchanges, for transfer of the conventional register and line

signal as well as operational and maintenance information via trunk

route cables.
In digital trunk routes CCST has two cards :1- RP card ( ROF 131 616/46 ), ( the RP board described
2- CCP card ( ROF 137 1639/1 ) Common Channel Processor

Controller unit for CCST/CCSA, this board connect the CCST

with the ETC by sending signal frequency to ETLI board in the
ETC on Channel # 16 on digital trunk route cable . ( This
connection between CCP and ETLI can be observed on the ICF
wiring cabinet ) .
In analogue trunk route cable CCST has three cards :1-

CCP card ( ROF 137 1639/1 ), Common

Channel Processor
Controller unit for CCST/CCSA, not connected directly to the
2CCMI card ( ROF 137 1606/1 )
Common Channel Modem Interface, which used to be
connected with the modem in the back plane on the ICF
cabinets to send signal frequency on channel # 16 on the
analogue trunk route cables .
3- RP card ( ROF 131 616/46 ), ( the RP board described
ICF CABINET:- Internal Connection Frame
Divided into two parts :1-

ICF wiring :- each SMD lines, signal lines, and modem lines are
exist in the ICF wiring frame.
The ICF wiring cabinets is divided to strips.
Each strip is divided in to (20 ) group.
Each group divided to (6) diagonal pins.


6 wire connection : To make testing for the telephone from the exchange we put
telephone wires in pin (4&5) and earth to pin (3) we hear dial
tone in the telephone.

If we put wire telephone in pins (1&2) and earth on pin (6)

we hear the data or voice from the other part .

2 wire connection :- each subscriber has alone group.

2- ICF coaxial :- used to connect the ETC (TX&RX) cables to it and

with cables (RX&TX)from STC .
Testing for ETC :- we determine the number of faulty ETC.
1- remove U-link for the faulty ETC.
2- put loop cable towards AXT (TX&RX) cable.
3- check (VDT) in the faulty exchange , the alarm on the ETC
should be removed .
4- remove the loop and put it towards the STC side and check the
VDT from the other side to determine where the fault is .
5- repeat that action in the other AXT side .


We have some devices used in power supply system:1- RECTIFIER : Type of rectifier (BMT 243 48/15).
Used to supply the exchange with (-48 V DC),the I/P is (220 V
AC) and the O/P is (-48 V DC) , with maximum current (25

At least we have (3) rectifiers used in power supply system because

AXT exchange cabinets need at least (32 AMPS) , and that depends
on how many magazines that are used in AXT cabinets .
Each rectifier takes power supply source from separate phase
circuit , and the (3) rectifiers are in phase with each other .
We can make adjustment for the out put voltage or current in
board (ROF 137 0965/1) on potentiometer (p1,p2,p3).
2- INVERTOR: Type of inverter ( BMS 602 001/1 ).
The input of power source is (- 48V DC) from the rectifier or from
the batteries, the out put is (220V AC ) used to supply or feed the
(VDT and PRINTER) when the power main source supply cut off
or out of service.
3- CONVERTER : Type of converter ( BFD 201 101/1 ).
The input ( - 48 V DC ) from the rectifiers or from the batteries,
the out put is ( 24 V DC ), used to supply the cipher equipment
( Encryption ) with this power to work .
4- ELECTRONIC FUSE : Type of electronic fuse ( BGB 95010/050 )
Used to protect AXT cabinets or magazines from any high
voltage or current that could come from the rectifiers or the
batteries .
Each electronic fuse card can handle ( 5 Amp. ), we can
increase it to ( 10 Amp. ) by making short for ( 2 pins ) locate
inside that card .
Each switch in the front panel of the electronic fuse can handle
( 5 Amp. ) .

5- BATTERY CELLS :- ( 48 V DC 800 Amp/h )

Stand by power supply source .
We have a set of batteries consist of 23 battery are connected in
series, the batteries are liquid cells contain Acid mixed with
distilled water .
Each battery give us ( 2.2 V DC - 800 A/h ) .
All cells give us ( 50,6 VDC + 5% ).
All set can handle power supply for ( 8 hour ) at least .
Specific gravity ( 1240 ).
6- CHARGE CONTROL UNIT : Consist of three boards :
a- ROF 137 0907/1
b- ROF 137 0908/1
c- ROF 137 0979/1

The boards ( a & b ) are used to control charging and

discharging for the battery when main power source is out of
service .

The board ( c ) used to display any alarm that could

happened in the power supply system and also used to make
sharing to the out put voltage and current from all rectifiers .

There is also a trip switch used to make ( ON ) and ( OFF )

for the power from the battery. In normal situation it should be
(ON) position , because when the main power supply source is
out of service ( the rectifiers will be out of service ) and the
charge control unit let the battery set to supply the exchange
cabinets and the other devices like ( inverter , converter ) with
the required power , when the main power source retain back
again ( the rectifiers will start working again and supply the

exchange with the required power ) and the charge control unit
will start automatically make charging for the battery cells.

If this switch is set down to ( OFF ) position, that could be

used just to make testing for the battery set voltage and specific
gravity for the Acid, so the main source doesn't affect our
testing .

The earth is connected to the positive side to decrease the

attenuation and power noise or interference.











Bulk Encryption Equipment ( Cipher Equipment )

Type is ( Contact CD 421 )

Used for encryption (encoding and decoding ) digital coaxial trunk
routes cables ( 2 Mb ) between AXT exchanges from the both side.

Power supply ( 220 V AC , or 24 V DC ), we usually used (24 V


The cipher consist of :1. Front panel ( six cards is connected to it ) .

2. Link interface PCM board.
3. Enciphering unit board.
4. Power supply unit.
5. Deciphering unit board.
6. System computer board.
7. Mux interface board.

Programming :

The cipher consist of ( 7 ) Keys, key no. ( 1,2,3,4,5,6,7 ).

Each key consist of ( 8 ) group of numbers.

Each group contains ( 3 ) digit number, we inter ( 3 ) digit

number and the device add the fourth digit.

The device show us ( * ) on the screen display to indicate the

device is working ( ok ).

If we press
button alone this will appear the working
key no. between the trunk routes.

To change the working key we press

and button no.
( 3 ) at the same time, the screen show us ( Change To ), so we
chose a new key number to be on work like ( 7 ), so the screen
show us (Key 7 OK), THEN GIVE US ( * ).

Dont press
time because this

well delete all the ( 7 ) keys from the cipher memory

( Emergency Erase ), this could make the traffic calls to be out of
service on the trunk route cables.

button with button no. ( 0 ) at the same


The control system APZ101 is based on two different types

of processors with different tasks:1.

Central processor ( C.P ) which is duplicated for

reliability reasons and complex functions are performed on it.


A number of regional processors ( R.P ), routine

program functions requiring high capacity are executed in the
regional processors.

APZ101 is divided into the following


Central Processor Subsystem, ( CPS ).

CPS consist of both hardware and software, the central unit in
CPS is a duplicated processor type ( APN163 ), the analyzing
and decision making functions of the software for switching
system APT101 are stored in and executed by CPS.


Regional System Subsystem, ( RPS ).

RPS consist of hardware and software, the capacity
demanding routine functions of the APT software are stored in
and executed by RPS, which includes one regional processor
R.P for each controlled unit.



I/O Sub system, ( IOS).

IOS consist of hardware and software and handles the man
machine communication, and input / output of programs and


Maintenance Subsystem, ( MAS ).

MAS consist of hardware and software and its purpose is to
supervise APZ and take action in case of a fault . MAS also
includes functions for start and restart of the processors.

The system processor is ( APN163 ).

The language is ( PL163 ), which divided to:1.


High level language, which consist of four types of

languages (Pascal, Fortran, Algol, PL/I ), so a fault in a program
not affected all program but a part of it.
Assembly Language ( Man Machine language ).

The ( VDT ) is connected to the AXT via a ( V 24

Mux ) interface board, in AXT central room it is possible to
connect the ( VDT ) to any of the other exchanges in the network,
the communication to one other exchange is carried out by help of
the common channel signaling due to this the VDT is denominated
to be connected logically to that AXT.

The ( PL163 ) is appeared on the VDT screen as

( MENUS ).

We have ( 2 ) types of menus ( F1, and F3 ) MENUS.


Switch ON .


Press ( BUTTON ) button twice.


Press ( CAPS ) one time to get capital letters under ( F5 )



Press ( RETURN ) button twice to get down the command

line in ( line 22 ).


The screen has ( 24 ) line and ( 80 ) column.

There is a ( * ) under the blocks between ( F4 ) & ( F5 )

blocks , that indicate there is data is coming from the exchange.

VDT configuration :

We have three types of menu blocks should be configured :1.

F3, DATA COMM. CONFIG. :- configure the data which

come by modem or CPU to the VDT.


F4 , EXT. DEV. CONFIG. :- configure any external device

connected to VDT like ( PRINTER ).


F5 , TERMINAL CONFIG :- configure the VDT terminal.

After making configuration for each one we press ( F1 ) to

make saving for the new configuration.

The configuration are determined in ( operational manual

document ).

We have different types of codes that can be used to work on

the system with different levels.



F1 MENUS used for administer the utilization of the lines

connected to the exchange.

Used to show the available menus in the menu category

( F1 ).
It indicates a columns for the number and the name and the
reference (Submenus) for all (F1) menus.
F102:- NUMBER PLANE ( F102 , sub no. )


Used to determine the valid subscriber number and the area codes
in the exchange as well as giving information of the exiting number
and the use of the number.
One digit


Two digit


Three digit

open (not used )

used as area codes


Four digit

used for air defense

used for abbreviated dialing

subscriber numbers
subscriber numbers
subscriber numbers

VACANT:-not used number.

SUBLINE:- programmed on the same AXT exchange you are in
it now.
EXT-SUB:- programmed on other AXT exchange.
OPEN:- can't use it, and not programmable.
MULTI ROUT:- have more rout direction's from two exchanges
or more.
EXT-MUL:- a route programmed from more than two AXT
exchange but not the exchange you are on it now.
SUB-ROU:- the analyzed number is a subscriber number of a
route connected on the exchange you are on it now.
ABBR NUMBER:- used as abbreviated dialing number.
SUB-NO:- the analyzed number has reserved categories but is
not connected to a line.

F110:- CONNECTED LINE (F110 . line no)


In AXT all lines are taken from SMD or ETC.

This menu consist of all lines connected to the exchange where
each subscriber number is programmed software to connect
with a line and used to determine the other menus that are
connected with it.
OWT:- one way traffic.
IN:- the subscriber can transmit but cant receive.
OUT:- The subscriber can receive but cant transmit.
TEST:- to make continues test for a line in put (yes) on test

This menu used to determine the categories to the line and the
signaling system to the line) (F110,SIG)




SMD (2W)

(KR-T) (KR-I)


(sub-rout 2M with MD110,



( RSMT) (RSMI) ETC connected

with RSM device .


SMD (6W)

(K1-T) (K1-I) normal subscriber .



(K2-T) (K2-I) for PMPX


(K3-T) (K3-I)


ETC or SMD used for trunk rout cable.


to determine signal for modems in analogue

also to connect 2 lines by menu F121 to exchange data
between them.

There is some device routes signals used to device route cables

inside AXT cabinets (CSDTMF,CRDTMF,CLTE,TRDT) the first
(100) lines are determined for the internal device route.


This menu used to deter the lines in trunk route, the alarm level of
faulty line in the rout and the priority classification.


1- Chose free lines (note used) from SMD or ETC as requested.
2- program the signal for these lines (CCS) on column (SIGS) on
menu (F110 . line no.).
If the type of the (TR.-ROUTE) is analog, the first line in the cable
used and connected with modem, the type of the sig. is (REP).
3- Choose a line for the modem if the cable is analogue from the
manual (I MODULE).
4- determine the line for the modem on (LINE 1) on menu
(F121)and on (LINE 2) we put the first line for the cable.
5-choose cable no. from (1-47) on menu(F111,CABLE NO).
6-program the line in sequence on menu (F111,15) on column line,
and determine the parity level for this menu as same as the number
of the lines.
7- determine the trunk route no. (15) on menu (F160,AXT no.).


1- Erase the trunk route no (15) from menu (F160,AXT NO) towerd
all exchange.
2- Delete the priority no. and all lines on menu(F111,TR.-ROUT NO)
3- IF the trunk rout is analogue delete the lines from menu (F121).


4- Delete the signal for the lines from menu (F110,line no).

program process










Used to determine the lines which program in sub rout for

(one subscriber ) or (PMPX) or (PAPX) with AXT.

1- Chose the lines which needed from ETC or SMD as requested and
determine the signal for these lines on menu ( F110 . line no. )
(2W) SMD
(6W) SMD
(6W) SMD

PMPX or (sub no.)
PMBX or (sub no.)
PMPX or (sub no.)
(sub no.)


2- Chose sub-route no. from ( 1 199 ) on menu ( F114 , sub-route

no. ), for ex. Sub-route ( 8 ).
3- Determine the lines on the line column and determine the priority
in menu ( F114 , 8 ).


4- Chose subscriber no. not used from menu ( F102 , sub-no. ), the
sub-no. could be consist from ( 2 digit, 3 digit, or 4 digit ) for ex.
Sub-no. is ( 9321 ).
5- Determine the sub-route no. ( 8 ) on menu ( F140 , sub-no. ) which
is (9321).




On menu ( F114 ) there is a column called ( SEL ) means

selection, used to determine how the traffic calls can be get
into or out from the SUB-ROUTE , we can chose between
(CYC ) cyclick so all lines on the sub-route are taking in
sequence, or ( SEQ ) sequential so the first lines in the subroute should have to be taking first if they are free.

DELETING A SUB-ROUTE CABLE:1- Delete the sub-route no. ( 8 ) from column ( ROUTE ) on menu
(F140 , 9321) by typing word ( FREE ) on column ( ROUTE ).
2- On menu ( F114 , 8 ) set priority to ZERO ( 0 ) and delete all lines
from column ( LINE ).
3- Delete the ( signal ) for the lines from menu ( F110 . line no. ).





Used to determine the lines (33-100) for internal device route

cable inside the exchange .





Used to connect two lines together ( software connection ) to

exchange data between them .

The two lines could be for ( 2 ) computer, or one for modem

and the other for the first channel on a cable.


Used to determine and program a subscriber no. with a line no.
from ETC or SMD, and used to detect the subscriber no. from
which exchange its programmed or taken, also used to detect some
facilities for this subscriber.
Programming a subscriber number :1- On menu ( F110 . line no. ) detect the signal for the line , the
line could be ( 2w , 6w ) from SMD, or ETC (RSM).
2- On menu ( F102 , sub-no. ) detect a ( vacant ) subscriber
3- Program or define the chosen line on menu ( F140 ,
subscriber no. ).




Deleting the Program of a subscriber number :1- From the menu ( F140 , subscriber no. ) delete the line no.
on column line by typing ( FREE ) on it.
2- Delete the signal from the lines on menu ( F110 . line no. ).



DID:- Digit In Dialing, used to determine the number of

digit thats allowed the subscribers to dial.

A-NO.:- Used to program another subscriber number on the

same line.

FPRI :- Fixed Priority , and CPRI :- Conditional Priority .

Used to determine the type of priority for the subscribers and at
could be fixed or conditional depend on :3 : High priority level .
1 : Low priority level .

2 : Medium priority level .

0 : No priority .

ROUTING :- all the subscriber numbers are define on ( Routing

case 0 ), we have ( 4 routing case ) from ( 0 to 3 ), the routing case
( 0 ) level is determined on menu ( F160 , AXT no. ) towards all


By typing letter " X " on it , the subscriber will be allowed to make

conference automatically or manually .

HOT LINE :- This facility used to make two subscribers to be

connected together ( hot line ) without dialing between them, so
when one side pick up the handset, a ring will go to the other
subscriber automatically.
The hot line subscriber could be ( AXT, MD, VOCOM ) number.

KEY :-

and HOLE :-

Every subscriber has one KEY no. ( 0 63 ) and he could has (64)
HOLE also from ( 0 63 ).
The subscriber who has KEY no. ( 3 ) can just make calls with the
subscribers who has HOLE ( 3 ).
KEY :- control the transmitting process.
HOLE :- control the receiving process.

If a subscriber has HOLES no. ( 1 , 3 ) he can receive calls from

subscribers had key ( 1 ) or ( 3 ).
The facility of ( KEY , HOLE ) could be used to define ( group
calls ) by Selecting the same no. of ( KEY and HOLE ) to this

Used to abbreviate dialing too many digits for a subscriber no. to

(2 or 3) digits.


Used to convert all AXT hotline numbers from site ( A to Z2 ) via

versa, the other hotlines no. could be ( MD or VOCOM )
subscriber no.
SITE ( A )

SITE ( Z2 )








Used to determine the traffic routing between AXT exchanges.

All trunk routes are define in routing case ( 0 ).
F160 , 05 . 00
Menu name , AXT exchange to be tested . Routing case

There are ( 3 ) types of classes :CLASS


1 ( A or B ).


Calls will passes through class ( 1 ) trunk route cable in 1st priority
( CLASS 1 A or B ).
If the trunk route in class ( 1 ) is out of service or all channels are
busy on this trunk route, calls will get through CLASS ( 2 ) trunk
route cables.
There is a routing rules should be take in considered, when we
want to make change on the classes for the trunk route cables.


Used to control the status of the exchange ( maintenance,

block, deblock, clear )


Used to show the available menus in the menu category (F3), it
indicates the column for the number, name and the references
(submenu) for all (F3 menus).
Used to control the process of loading the master program and the
exchange data manually or automatically from the tape cassette to
the CPU in the exchange.
Used to define the date and the time for the system, it controls :YEAR












This menu used for controlling the synch. On the AXT network, by
( trunk- routes ) on channel no. ( 0 ) .
AXT04 is the master exchange in the network and the others are
slaves exchange.
The master exchange has ( 3 RCM ) which supply the ( 3 CLM )
with the required frequency.
In this menu we can see the STATE of the AXT exchange
( MASTER or SLAVE ), and the REF synch. Source and its
indicate a ( * ) on selection column, also the active CLM on work
now, and the priority for the REF. synch. Frequency to be taken .
F304 , SUP: This menu used to indicate the ( Frequency Deviation ) for the ( 3
CLM'S ) with related to the reference synch. Frequency source.
The frequency deviation should be reduced to zero as we could
( max. to 10 ), if the deviation increase than that, this will cause
some problem for the traffic calls like ( humming, distortion noise,
clicks, weak sound ).
We can make adjustment on ( MOC board ) on the CLM mag.
( ROF 131 821/4 ), any changed will be appear on this menu
( F304 , SUP ).
One turn counter clock wise for the escrow on the MOC board will
( 400 ) unit, and one turn clock wise will decrease ( 400 ) unit.
Used to appear the faults and the problem's that occurred on the
AXT exchange or network ( software or hardware ) faults, it
indicates the faulty units name and no., the alarm type, present or
previous faults, automatic or manual block, and the date and the
time for the faults.
There is some commands that could be used like: Block, deblock for AXT units.

Change, used to change the ACTIVE ( CPU, TSM, CLM ), with

the stand by side ( duplicated items ).
Erase or clear, used to erase the previous faults.
Separate and deseparate, used to disconnect or connect the
UNITE, used to make the ( 2 CPU'S ) communicated with each
This menu appear also the executive CPU and TSM numbers.
Used to indicate any hardware faults, that occurred in the stand by
CPU which was active before, and show for us the number of the
stand by CPU.
Used to indicate for us all the units and magazines that the AXT
contain, and the quantity of it, and the status for each one alone by
sub-menu like ( F313 , unit name ).
We can block or deblock any unit on this menu, also indicate the
faults on this units.
Used to appear for us the communication between one AXT
exchange with all the others AXT exchanges.
The communications between them could be through direct trunk
route cables or via AXT exchange ( transit ) .
We can make testing for the communication on the network by
typing letter " X " on test column.
Used to make save ( dump ) for any new data that had been added
or modified or removed in the CPU for the exchange data and save

them on the magnetic tape cassette, because if the system down, we

can reload these data from the tape to the CPU again.
The menu divided to two parts :1. OUT PUT OF RESTART DATA: we type letter " X " on it,
so the tape will start winding to ( 4 min. ) and save the data
on track no. ( 1 ) on the tape ( RESTART FILE ).
2. OUT PUT OF NEW START DATA : we type no. ( 1 or 2 ),
the tape start winding to ( 4 min ) and save the data on track
no. ( 2 ) on the tape ( NEW START 1 or 2 ).
Used to give us information about any fault that occurred on the
exchange or any part that connected to the exchange ( external
parts ) like power supply source.
F331 , unit name
If we need more information about this fault and how to fixed it,
we used ( OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTION ) document on the
trouble shooting part.
Used to make continuous test for some devices inside the AXT
exchange to indicate the faults for them like :1. CLTE :- Continuity line test equipment magazine.
2. TRDT :- Tone receive for dialing tone.
3. DTMF :- Dual tone multi frequency, for code sender and
code receiver.
used to count the amount of traffic calls that get through a ( trunk
route, sub-route, or dev.-route )cables, during a period of time.
Each sub-menu can handle up to ( 8 ) trunk route testing on it.


How to be programmed : Call menu ( F375 , 1 )

Define the ( trunk routes )no. that to be tested on ( TR. ROU
no. ).
Define the start date 2004-06-23
Define the stop date 2004-06-25
Define the day of the test of the week by typing letter " X ".
Define the period typing letter " X " on ( - ) character.
Each ( - ) = 15 min.
Define " X " to start measuring on ( START : ) column.
We can make traffic measurement for the sub-route on ( F375 ,
2 ) in the same way.
If we type ( F376 ) this will give us the old result ( F376 , 1
previous ).
If we type ( F376 , 1 ), this will give us the present testing result
(F376 , 1 pres.) for the trunk route cables.
If we type ( F376 , 2 ), this will give us the present testing result
(F376 , 2 pres.) for the sub-route cables.
The testing indicates the amount of incoming, out going, and
congection calls during a period of time.


Used to appear any software or hardware faults that could appear
on the program ax hex decimal information.