You are on page 1of 14

SUSPENSION

SECTION

RSU

REAR SUSPENSION

RSU

CONTENTS
PRECAUTION ............................................... 2

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION ................ 8

PRECAUTIONS ................................................... 2

REAR SHOCK ABSORBER .............................. 8

Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System


(SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER" ................................................................... 2
Precautions for Suspension ...................................... 2

Exploded View .......................................................... 8


Removal and Installation .......................................... 8
Inspection ................................................................. 9
Disposal .................................................................... 9

PREPARATION ............................................ 3

COIL SPRING ................................................... 11

PREPARATION ................................................... 3
Commercial Service Tools ........................................ 3

Exploded View .........................................................11


Removal and Installation .........................................11
Inspection ................................................................11

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS ............................... 4

REAR SUSPENSION BEAM ............................ 13

NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS


(NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING ............................. 4
NVH Troubleshooting Chart ...................................... 4

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE .......................... 5


REAR SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY ..................... 5
On-Vehicle Inspection and Service ........................... 5

WHEEL ALIGNMENT .......................................... 6

Exploded View .........................................................13


Removal and Installation .........................................13

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS


(SDS) ............................................................ 14

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS


(SDS) ................................................................. 14

Wheel Alignment .....................................................14


Wheelarch Height ....................................................14

Inspection .................................................................. 6

Revision: April 2013

RSU-1

2014 Versa Sedan

PRECAUTIONS
< PRECAUTION >

PRECAUTION
PRECAUTIONS
Precaution for Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) "AIR BAG" and "SEAT BELT
PRE-TENSIONER"

INFOID:0000000009267413

The Supplemental Restraint System such as AIR BAG and SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER, used along
with a front seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain
types of collision. This system includes seat belt switch inputs and dual stage front air bag modules. The SRS
system uses the seat belt switches to determine the front air bag deployment, and may only deploy one front
air bag, depending on the severity of a collision and whether the front occupants are belted or unbelted.
Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the SR and SB section of this Service Manual.
WARNING:
To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in
the event of a collision which would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance must be performed by
an authorized NISSAN/INFINITI dealer.
Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal
injury caused by unintentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag
Module, see the SR section.
Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this
Service Manual. SRS wiring harnesses can be identified by yellow and/or orange harnesses or harness connectors.

PRECAUTIONS WHEN USING POWER TOOLS (AIR OR ELECTRIC) AND HAMMERS


WARNING:
When working near the Airbag Diagnosis Sensor Unit or other Airbag System sensors with the Ignition ON or engine running, DO NOT use air or electric power tools or strike near the sensor(s) with a
hammer. Heavy vibration could activate the sensor(s) and deploy the air bag(s), possibly causing
serious injury.
When using air or electric power tools or hammers, always switch the Ignition OFF, disconnect the
battery, and wait at least 3 minutes before performing any service.

Precautions for Suspension

INFOID:0000000009267414

When installing rubber bushings, the final tightening must be carried out under unladen conditions with tires
on ground. Spilled oil might shorten the life of rubber bushings. Be sure to wipe off any spilled oil.
- Unladen conditions mean that fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and
mats are in designated positions.
After servicing suspension parts, be sure to check wheel alignment.
Self-lock nuts are not reusable. Always use new ones when installing. Since new self-lock nuts are pre-oiled,
tighten as they are.
The tightening surface must be kept free of oil/grease.
When jacking up the vehicle with a floor jack, do not hang the jack on the suspension beam.

Revision: April 2013

RSU-2

2014 Versa Sedan

PREPARATION
< PREPARATION >

PREPARATION

PREPARATION
Commercial Service Tools

INFOID:0000000009572395

Tool name

Description

Power tool

Loosening nuts, screws and bolts

RSU
PIIB1407E

Revision: April 2013

RSU-3

2014 Versa Sedan

NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING


< SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS >

SYMPTOM DIAGNOSIS
NOISE, VIBRATION AND HARSHNESS (NVH) TROUBLESHOOTING
NVH Troubleshooting Chart

INFOID:0000000009267415

Shimmy

Shudder

Poor quality ride or handling

BR-7, "NVH Troubleshooting Chart"

BRAKE

Vibration

WT-37, "NVH Troubleshooting Chart"

Symptom

ROAD WHEEL

WT-37, "NVH Troubleshooting Chart"

TIRE

RAX-4, "NVH Troubleshooting Chart"


RSU-8, RSU-11, RSU-13

REAR AXLE AND REAR SUSPENSION

Shake

RSU-6

Incorrect wheel alignment

RSU-8, RSU-11, RSU-13

Parts interference

Suspension looseness

Bushing or mounting deterioration

RSU-11

Shock absorber deformation, damage or deflection

Noise

Possible cause and SUSPECTED PARTS

Spring fatigue

Improper installation, looseness

Reference page

RSU-8

RSU-8, RSU-11, RSU-13

Use chart below to find the cause of the symptom. If necessary, repair or replace these parts.

: Applicable

Revision: April 2013

RSU-4

2014 Versa Sedan

REAR SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY


< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

PERIODIC MAINTENANCE

REAR SUSPENSION ASSEMBLY


On-Vehicle Inspection and Service

INFOID:0000000009267416

Make sure the mounting conditions (looseness, backlash) of each component and component conditions
(wear, damage) are within specifications.

SHOCK ABSORBER INSPECTION

Check shock absorber for oil leakage, damage and replace it if necessary.
D

RSU

Revision: April 2013

RSU-5

2014 Versa Sedan

WHEEL ALIGNMENT
< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >

WHEEL ALIGNMENT
Inspection

INFOID:0000000009267417

DESCRIPTION
CAUTION:
The adjustment mechanisms of camber and toe-in are not included.
If camber and toe-in is outside the standard, check front suspension parts for wear and damage.
Replace suspect parts if a malfunction is detected.
Measure wheel alignment under unladen conditions.
NOTE:
Unladen conditions means that fuel, engine coolant, and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and
mats are in designated positions.

PRELIMINARY CHECK
Check the following:
Tires for improper air pressure and wear. Refer to WT-45, "Tire Air Pressure".
Road wheels for runout.
Wheel bearing axial end play. Refer to RAX-9, "Inspection".
Shock absorber operation.
Each mounting point of axle and suspension for looseness and deformation.
Each of rear suspension beam and shock absorber for cracks, deformation, and other damage.
Vehicle height (posture).

GENERAL INFORMATION AND RECOMMENDATIONS


1.

2.

A Four-Wheel Thrust Alignment should be performed.


This type of alignment is recommended for any NISSAN vehicle.
The four-wheel thrust process helps ensure that the vehicle is properly aligned and the steering wheel
is centered.
The alignment machine itself should be capable of accepting any NISSAN vehicle.
The alignment machine should be checked to ensure that it is level.
Make sure the alignment machine is properly calibrated.
Your alignment machine should be regularly calibrated in order to give correct information.
Check with the manufacturer of your specific alignment machine for their recommended Service/Calibration Schedule.

THE ALIGNMENT PROCESS


IMPORTANT:
Use only the alignment specifications listed in this Service Manual.
When displaying the alignment settings, many alignment machines use "indicators" Do not use these indicators.: (Green/red, plus or minus, Go/No Go).
- The alignment specifications programmed into your machine that operate these indicators may not be correct.
- This may result in an ERROR.
Most camera-type alignment machines are equipped with both "Rolling Compensation" method and optional
"Jacking Compensation" method to "compensate" the alignment targets or head units. "Rolling Compensation" is the preferred method.
- If using the "Rolling Compensation" method, after installing the alignment targets or head units, push or pull
on the rear wheel to move the vehicle. Do not push or pull the vehicle body.
- If using the "Jacking Compensation" method, after installing the alignment targets or head units, raise the
vehicle and rotate the wheels 1/2 turn both ways.
NOTE:
Do not use the "Rolling Compensation" method if you are using sensor-type alignment equipment.
- Follow all instructions for the alignment machine you're using for more information.

CAMBER
Measure camber of both right and left wheels with a suitable alignment gauge.
If camber is outside specified range, replace rear suspension beam. Refer to RSU-13, "Exploded View".
Camber

: Refer to RSU-14, "Wheel Alignment".

Revision: April 2013

RSU-6

2014 Versa Sedan

WHEEL ALIGNMENT
< PERIODIC MAINTENANCE >
TOE-IN
Measure toe-in by the following procedure.
WARNING:
Always perform the following procedure on a flat surface.
Check that no person is in front of vehicle before pushing it.
1. Bounce the front of vehicle up and down to stabilize the vehicle height (posture).
2. Push vehicle straight ahead about 5 m (16 ft).
3. Put matching mark (A) on base line of the tread (rear side) of
both tires at the same height of hub center. These are measuring points.

RSU

JPEIA0014ZZ

4.

Measure distance (A) (rear side).


G
: Front

5.

6.

Push vehicle slowly ahead to rotate wheels 180 degrees (1/2


turn).
NOTE:
If the wheels rotates more than 180 degrees (1/2 turn), start this
procedure again from the beginning. Do not push the vehicle
backward.
Measure distance (B) (front side).

I
JPEIA0015ZZ

Total toe-in = A B
Total toe-in : Refer to RSU-14, "Wheel Alignment".
If toe-in is outside specified range, replace rear suspension beam. Refer to RSU-13, "Exploded View".

Revision: April 2013

RSU-7

2014 Versa Sedan

REAR SHOCK ABSORBER


< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION


REAR SHOCK ABSORBER
Exploded View

INFOID:0000000009267418

AWEIA0209GB

1.

Piston rod lock nut

2.

Washer

3.

Bushing

6.

Bound bumper

4.

Distance tube

5.

Bound bumper cover

7.

Shock absorber assembly

8.

Rear suspension beam

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000009267419

REMOVAL
1.
2.
3.

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Remove the wheel and tire assembly using power tool. Refer to WT-39, "Adjustment".
Remove wheel sensor and sensor harness. Refer to BRC-105, "REAR WHEEL SENSOR : Removal and
Installation".
Position a suitable jack under rear suspension beam.
CAUTION:
Place the jack in the center of the suspension beam.
Do not damage the suspension beam with jack.
Remove the lower shock absorber bolt.
Remove trunk side finisher. Refer to INT-33, "TRUNK SIDE FINISHER : Removal and Installation".
Remove the upper shock absorber nut, washer and bushing.
Remove shock absorber assembly.
Remove bushing, distance tube, bound bumper cover, and bound bumper from shock absorber assembly.

INSTALLATION
Installation is in the reverse order of removal.
Perform final tightening of bolts and nuts at the shock absorber lower side (rubber bushing), under unladen
conditions with tires on level ground.

Revision: April 2013

RSU-8

2014 Versa Sedan

REAR SHOCK ABSORBER


< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >
Install bushing into the hole on the vehicle side as shown.
A

C
JPEIB0227ZZ

Hold the head (A) of shock absorber piston rod (1) to keep it from
rotating, and tighten piston rod lock nut.
Perform inspection after installation. Refer to RSU-9, "Inspection".
After replacing the shock absorber, always follow the disposal procedure to discard the shock absorber. Refer to RSU-9, "Disposal".

RSU

G
JPEIB0241ZZ

Inspection

INFOID:0000000009267420

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL


I

Shock Absorber
Check the following items, and replace the part if necessary.
Shock absorber for deformation, cracks, and other damage.
Piston rod for damage, uneven wear, and distortion.
Oil leakage

Bound Bumper, Bushing


Check for cracks and damage. Replace it if necessary.

Washer, Bound Bumper Cover, Distance Tube


Check for cracks and damage. Replace it if necessary.
L

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION


Check wheel alignment. Refer to RSU-6, "Inspection".

Disposal

INFOID:0000000009267421

1.

Set shock absorber horizontally to the ground with the piston rod fully extracted.

2.

Drill 2 3 mm (0.08 0.12 in) hole at the position ( ) from top


as shown to release gas gradually.
CAUTION:
Wear eye protection (safety glass).
Wear gloves.
Be careful with metal chips or oil blown out by the compressed gas.
NOTE:
Drill vertically in this direction.
Directly to the outer tube avoiding brackets.
The gas is clear, colorless, odorless, and harmless.
(A)

3.

JPEIA0161ZZ

: 20 30 mm (0.79 1.18 in)

Position the drilled hole downward and drain oil by moving the piston rod several times.

Revision: April 2013

RSU-9

2014 Versa Sedan

REAR SHOCK ABSORBER


< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >
CAUTION:
Dispose of drained oil according to the law and local regulations.

Revision: April 2013

RSU-10

2014 Versa Sedan

COIL SPRING
< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

COIL SPRING

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000009267422

RSU

G
JPEIB0162ZZ

1.

Upper rubber seat

4.

Rear suspension beam

2.

Coil spring

3.

Lower rubber seat

Removal and Installation

H
INFOID:0000000009267423

REMOVAL
1.
2.

3.
4.

Remove the wheel and tire assemblies using power tool. Refer to WT-39, "Adjustment".
Position a suitable jack under rear suspension beam.
CAUTION:
Place the jack in the center of the suspension beam.
Do not damage the suspension beam with jack.
Remove the lower shock absorber bolts. Refer to RSU-8, "Removal and Installation".
Slowly lower jack, then remove upper rubber seat, coil spring and lower rubber seat from rear suspension
beam.

INSTALLATION
Installation is in the reverse order of removal.
Install the lower rubber seat (A) to the rear suspension beam
mounting hole (B).
Match up lower rubber seat indentions and rear suspension beam
grooves and attach.

JPEIB0223ZZ

Inspection

INFOID:0000000009267424

INSPECTION AFTER REMOVAL


Check rubber seat and coil spring for deformation, crack, and damage. Replace it if necessary.

INSPECTION AFTER INSTALLATION


Revision: April 2013

RSU-11

2014 Versa Sedan

COIL SPRING
< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >
Check wheel alignment. Refer to RSU-6, "Inspection".

Revision: April 2013

RSU-12

2014 Versa Sedan

REAR SUSPENSION BEAM


< REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION >

REAR SUSPENSION BEAM

Exploded View

INFOID:0000000009267425

RSU

G
JPEIB0254GB

1.

Rear suspension beam

Removal and Installation

INFOID:0000000009267426

REMOVAL

1.
2.

Remove the wheel and tire assemblies using power tool. Refer to WT-39, "Adjustment".
Remove wheel sensor and sensor harness. Refer to BRC-105, "REAR WHEEL SENSOR : Removal and
Installation".
3. Remove brake hose and brake pipe from rear suspension beam. Refer to BR-25, "REAR : Removal and
Installation".
4. Remove the rear drum brake assemblies. Refer to BR-41, "Removal and Installation".
5. Remove parking brake cable from rear suspension beam. Refer to PB-6, "Removal and Installation".
6. Position a suitable jack under rear suspension beam.
CAUTION:
Place the jack in the center of the suspension beam.
Do not damage the suspension beam with jack.
7. Remove shock absorber bolts (lower side). Refer to RSU-8, "Removal and Installation".
8. Remove coil spring. Refer to RSU-11, "Removal and Installation".
9. Remove rear suspension beam bolts and nuts.
10. Slowly lower jack, remove rear suspension beam from vehicle body.
CAUTION:
While lowering the rear suspension beam with the jack, be sure to maintain the stability of the
jack.

INSTALLATION
Installation is in the reverse order of removal.
Perform final tightening of rear suspension beam installation position (rubber bushing), under unladen conditions with tires on level ground.
Check wheel sensor harness for proper connection. Refer to BRC-105, "REAR WHEEL SENSOR :
Exploded View".
Adjust parking brake. Refer to PB-4, "Inspection and Adjustment".
Check wheel alignment. Refer to RSU-6, "Inspection".

Revision: April 2013

RSU-13

2014 Versa Sedan

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)


< SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)

SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)


SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS (SDS)
Wheel Alignment

INFOID:0000000009267427

SEIA0363E

Item

Standard
Minimum

Camber
Degree minute (Decimal degree)

Distance (A - B)
Total toe-in
Angle
Degree minute (Decimal degree)

1 55 (1.91)

Nominal

1 25 (1.42)

Maximum

0 55 (0.92)

Minimum

Out 2.0 mm (0.079 in)

Nominal

In 2.0 mm (0.079 in)

Maximum

In 6.0 mm (0.236 in)

Minimum

Out 0 2 (0.03)

Nominal

In 0 10 (0.17)

Maximum

In 0 22 (0.37)

Measure value under unladen* conditions.


*: Fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and mats are in designated positions.

Wheelarch Height

INFOID:0000000009267428

Unit: mm (in)

LEIA0085E

Market

United States

Canada

Front (Hf)

683 (26.89)

684 (26.93)

Rear (Hr)

668 (26.30)

668 (26.30)

Measure value under unladen* conditions.


*: Fuel, engine coolant and lubricant are full. Spare tire, jack, hand tools and mats are in designated positions.

Revision: April 2013

RSU-14

2014 Versa Sedan