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POREENJE REZULTATA OBRAUNA GEOLOKIH

REZERVI DOBIVENIH KLASINOM METODOM


GEOLOKIH BLOKOVA I OBRAUNA DOBIVENOG
UPOTREBOM PROGRAMA ROCK WORKS
Nermin Taletovi1 , Dean Osmanovi2, Jasmin Isabegovi3
1,2,3

Mining Institute d.d Tuzla, Tuzla E.mail: nermin.taletovic@rudarskiinstituttuzla.ba

REZIME
Primjena modernih softverskih alata za projektovanje je u konstantnom razvoju, a njihova
primjenjena se poveava i u geologiji, ukljuujui i obraun geolokih rezervi. Openito,
softverski alati omoguavaju bri obraun rezervi i sa mnogo manje prilika za pogreke u
samom procesu raunanja, poredei sa nekim od naina manualnog raunanja. U ovom radu,
prikazan je razvoj baze podataka od buotina izvedenih u jednom dijelu Sarajevsko-Zenikog
ugljenog basena, sa ciljem da se izraunaju reserve upotrebom programa Rock Works, a zatim
su rezultati dobiveni preko programa Rock Works uporeeni sa onima dobivenim manualnim
raunanjem metodom geolokih blokova i izvedeni zakljuci.
Kljune rijei: proraun geolokih rezervi, ugalj, baza podataka, 3D model

COMPARISON OF THE RESULTS OF CALCULATION OF


GEOLOGICAL RESERVES OBTAINED BY MANUAL METHOD OF
GEOLOGICAL BLOCKS AND CALCULATIONS BY SOFTWARE
ROCK WORKS
and is increasingly being applied in geology, including calculation of geological reserves.
Generally software enables faster calculation of reserves with much fewer opportunities for
the occurrence of errors in the process of calculation, compared to some of the classic ways of
manual calculation. In this paper, is shown development of database from boreholes drilled in
one part of the Sarajevo-Zenica Coal Basin, with the aim to calculate coal reserves using
software Rockworks, and then the results obtained through Rock Works are compared with
those obtained by the manual calculation - method of blocks and created conclusions.
Keywords: calculation of geological reserves, coal, database, 3D model
INTRODUCTION
The processed data includes data from 237 boreholes drilled in past years in part of Sarajevo-Zenica
Coal Basin. Database was developed in software Rock Works, which was used for development of
3D model of basin.[1] Database included data on area with locations of boreholes and other data
obtained from boreholes as thickness of coal layer (see Figure No.1).
1

Slika 1: Slika Rock Works baze podataka.


Picture 1: Picture of Rock Works database.

GEOGRAPHY OF BASIN
Sarajevo-Zenica Basin is situated between two cities, extending from Sarajevo in the South-East to
Zenica in the North-West, and between the two maintains, Zvijezda at North-East and Vranica at
South-West. Two rivers Bosnia and Lava eroding basin. The Basin is stretch in north-south axis.
Project part of basin area is 4.499.111 m2.
GEOLOGY OF SARAJEVO-ZENICA BASIN
Sedimentation started about ten million years ago, during the Miocene when the elevation of the
Dinarides or Dinaric Alps (which form the mountainous skeleton of Bosnia) had already began. The
lake was large and with massive sedimentation (about 2400m of deposits was formed). The oldest
sediments belong to upper part of the Oligo-Miocene series. Sediments consists of conglomerates,
sandstones, marls and clays.[2] Limestone and coal beds are also found. Similar conditions occurred in
2

the early Miocene, and were followed by sporadic volcanic activity. Endemic Congeria had their main
phase of evolution at this time. Middle Miocene deposits are similar to those of the early Miocene.
The upper Miocene and Pliocene deposits are characterized by marls, clays, siltstones, sandstones,
conglomerates, limestones and coal bed. Geological map of Sarajevo-Zenica coal basin shows coal
deposits. (see Picture 2). [3]

Slika 2: Dio geoloke karte Sarajevsko-Zenikog basena, autora Safeta iia


Picture 2: Part of Geological map of Sarajevo-Zenica Coal Basin, by Safet Cicic.

CREATING MODEL USING SOFTWARE


Rock Works is software with integrated geological data management, analysis, and visualization. Rock
Works is specialized for visualization of subsurface data as logs, cross sections, diagrams, solid
models, structural and isopach maps in both 2D and dynamic 3D windows.
The borehole data manager is used for easy entry of data: geophysical, geotechnical, geochemical
measurements, observed lithology, stratigraphic contacts, water levels, fractures, downhole well
surveys, all in linked spreadsheet windows. From this data it is possible to create points, contours,
plan-view, and lithology/stratigraphy surface (geology) maps; logs; cross sections; and profiles. In
addition theres an assortment of 3D diagrams: logs, surfaces, diagrams, and solid models.
3D model was developed using data from a network of investigation boreholes. Necessary data to
create 3D models are position of borehole (y,x), elevation, and base. Limits of the 3D model was set
by data limits Ymin-Ymax, Xmin-Xmax and Zmin-Zmax. After determining the limits of "Borehole Manager" we
are entering data from boreholes (coordinates, elevation, depth of borehole, etc.). In addition, these
data can also be imported in software. Model was created after development of database and
calculation of geological reserves was performed.
Picture 3 - 3D model of this project.

Slika 3: 3D Model jednog dijela Sarajevsko-Zenikog ugljenog basena.


Picture 3: 3D Model for one part of Sarajevo-Zenica coal basin.
CALCULATION OF GEOLOGICAL RESERVES
Volumes in Rock Works are computed using a Delaunay triangulation method in which the samples
are connected together in a network of triangles, a sample at each vertex. The volume of each triangle
is computed, based on the thicknesses used as Z-values, and then the total volume added up.
Software is performed calculation of reserves based on the created model, where volume of coal bed is
84.132.679 m3.
Result of calculation of geological reserves through manual method of geological blocks is
76,692,354m3.[4]
The difference in the calculation is less than 10%, which is within the permissible limits of the errors.
The reason for difference in calculation is probably caused by differences in density of borehole
layouts and fact that manual method includes creation of block based on structures of coal bed. Having
that in mine for calculation of an even smaller part of area with greater density of boreholes this
difference was reduced to less than 5%.
CONCLUSION
This work has demonstrated the possibility of using modern software solutions in the calculation of
geological reserves. Differences that emerged in the calculation in relation to the basic classical
method of geological blocks are within the acceptable limits, thus confirming the applicability of these
software solutions in the calculations of reserves. Application of software tools enables faster, more
efficient work with less possibility for calculation mistakes, the database can be easily updated with
new findings, which provides easier operation for future calculations. In the world, use of different
geological software like Rockware Rockworks is dominating the classical manual calculations[7]. In
future we expect wider application of this and similar softwares in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well.

REFERENCES:
[1] M.Omer, G.Kemal, O.Dean Defining the Coal Layer (Block 61) 3D Model in Brown Coal Mine urevik,
[2] The Geology of Central Europe: Mesozioc and Cenozoic Tom McCann
BH 23rd International Mining Congress & Exhibition of Turkey 16-19 April 2013 ANTALYA
[3] ii,S.(2002.): Geoloka karta Bosne i Hercegovine 1:300 000. Earth Science Institute.
[6] 18. Sl. Novine FBIH Pravilnik o geolokim istraivanjima

[7] www. rockware. com