Get Ready for Spring with a

TOTE-ALL SCOOTER
You can lug all your gear and cover ground fast and easy, whether you're playing golf, hunting, or just plain roamin' By LYLE GILLIOM Craft Print Project No. 326
rear f o r k f r o m about 1 in. behind the seat post to 6-1/4-in. above the center of the rear axle slot. T h e n bend d o w n the l o w e r f o r k u n t i l the f r o n t f o r k , pedal c r a n k housing and rear f o r k rest on a common base. H a c k saw a l m o s t t h r o u g h the f o r k j u s t behind the crank housing, if necessary, and bend the f o r k d o w n . T h e n close the gap by w e l d ing. The simple wooden w e l d i n g j i g (Figs. 3 and 5) positions and holds together all the components of the f r a m e so t h a t it can be t a k e n to a w e l d i n g shop for w e l d i n g , a l ready fitted and assembled. A local w e l d i n g shop took a p p r o x i m a t e l y 35 minutes to do ours i n c l u d i n g the w e l d i n g of the b r a k e shoe assembly; t o t a l charge was $3.50. M a k e the Welding Jig f r o m construction grade f i r assembled w i t h 2 - 1 / 4 i n . # 1 0 f l a t h e a d wood screws. B o l t the bicycle frame to the j i g w i t h the f r o n t and rear axle bolts, spreadi n g the f o r k s as necessary to fit the blocks of the j i g . F o r cleaner welds, clean a l l paint f r o m the f r a m e in the areas to be welded. Check a l l dimensions w i t h y o u r frame m o u n t e d on the j i g before m a k i n g the parts w h i c h are to be w e l d e d to the f r a m e , as there is considerable v a r i a t i o n of s t y l i n g in frames. M a k e the b r a k e shoe components too ( F i g . 10), so that this assembly can be welded on the same t r i p .
Secure the Pipe U-Frame in position w i t h C-clamps (Fig. 3). Filing a concave notch
SCIENCE and MECHANICS

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T A R T w i t h an old b i k e f r a m e and a used o n e - l u n g engine, add a l i t t l e e x p e r t scrounging, and w i t h less than $40 y o u can b u i l d one of these m i l e - s h r i n k e r s for y o u and the kids to zip a r o u n d on. F o r week-end h u n t i n g or camping, Beats W a l k i n ' ( F i g . 1) increases y o u r range and m o b i l i t y . C a r r y it in y o u r car t r u n k as far as y o u r car can go, t h e n unload and take off. Y o u can m a k e this high-power, high-ratio sports version for off-the-road use, or w i t h h i g h power and l o w ratio, b u t w i t h o u t the load-rack, and y o u have a fast street job. The same machine w i t h low p o w e r and high r a t i o is idea' for the younger tots to learn on ( F i g . 11). If y o u ' r e in a real h u r r y to save shoe leather, the quickest answer is the Buzzbike (Fig. 2 ) , w i t h a one-stage r e d u c t i o n d r i v e f o r h i g h speed (26-28 mph), and bike-pedal foot rests. Beats W a l k i n ' for street operation has pneumatic t i r e d wheels and a top speed of about 26 m p h w i t h a 2-1/2 or 3 hp 4 cycle engine. T h e child's m o d e l is p r i m a r i l y f o r backy a r d operation by c h i l d r e n as y o u n g as 6 years old. W i t h semi-pneumatic tires and a 10.5 to 1 d r i v e ratio it w i l l have a top speed of 10 or 12 m p h using a 1-1/2 to 2 hp engine. Controls for a l l versions consists of a hand t h r o t t l e on the handle bars, a b r a k e operated w i t h the heel of the r i g h t foot, and automatic c l u t c h i n g w i t h a c e n t r i f u g a l clutch. A n y 26 i n . balloon t i r e t y p e frame can be used. The girls' model ( F i g . 11) is preferable f o r use by smaller c h i l d r e n since the absence of the top bar makes it easier to get off and on. J u n k e d bicycle frames are not h a r d to f i n d and they are usable for our purposes in almost any condition. M a n y shops w i l l sell a used frame t o r n d o w n and stripped of paint v e r y cheaply. Or y o u can b u y a " j u n k e r " and tear it d o w n yourself, discarding unneeded or unusable parts. Modification of the bicycle f r a m e to accommodate the engine is s h o w n in Figs. 3 and 5. Saw out and discard a section of the upper

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Young man-in-a-hurry gets around on campus the easy way on the Buzzbike.

Why walk a country mile when Beats Walkin' will tote you and all your gear? Convert it to camping use by packing a bed-roll instead of the golf bag.

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in the sawed ends of the bicycle frame to match the round contour of the pipe w i l l aid in keeping the U-frame in position. Fit and position the two jackshaft bearing supports (Fig. 3) and bolt them to the plywood location block. Determine exact dimensions of these parts by fitting to the frame. Tack-weld all joints, including threaded pipe joints, then remove the frame from the jig for final welding. A 3/8 x 3 in. long pipe nipple drilled out with a 1/2 in. d r i l l serves as a bearing for the brake pedal pivot bolt. Install it in the pedal crank housing with two spacers—5/8-in wrought washers—(Fig. 9), held with two pipe lock-nuts. These spacers bear against the inner races of the pedal crank bearings, the rest of which are discarded. Wooden Parts. Saw out the engine deck,
JANUARY, 1962

floorboard, gooseneck, and splash guard according to Fig. 7. If you are making the sports model of Beats Walkin', you will also need the floorboard extension, load rack, and rack support blocks in Fig. 7 These can be attached to or removed from the finished machine as desired. A coat of shellac or enamel undercoat on all wood parts before assembly will make painting later easier. Attach the engine deck to the rear fork with three 1/4-in. carriage bolts (Fig. 8). Notch the engine deck and floorboard to fit around the pedal crank housing. Saw out the gooseneck to match the contour of the bicycle frame (Fig. 7). Now assemble the floorboard with the splash guard, gooseneck, and engine deck. Bolt the gooseneck to the bicycle frame with two 1/4 x 5-1/2-in. carriage bolts. The entire bike frame is now complete and ready for painting. Use implement paint, which works equally well on wood or metal. Wheels for Beats Walkin' are the popular 4.10-3.50 x 4 in. (10.6 in. O.D.) pneumatic kart wheels with 3/4 in. bore ball bearings Or use 3.4/3.00x5 in. wheels, which will work equally well. If the bike is to be geared for high speeds, wheels with tapered roller bearing hubs should be used (See Materials List). Sprocket, spacer ring, and wheel assemblies are shown in Fig. 12. The 40-tooth sprocket and wheel with matching bolt holes can be purchased from Sears (made by Indus Corp., 1815 Madison Ave., Indianapolis 25, Ind.)' Replace the original bolts which assemble the wheel with 3/8 in. x 3-3/8 in. long studs cut from

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3/83/4in. threaded rod (Fig. 12), and three nuts for each rod. The spacer rings are cut from 3/4 in. fir plywood and Vs in. hardboard to fit snugly inside the rim of the wheel. Total thickness should be 7/8 in., or enough to insure that the chain w i l l clear the tire. Paint the rings prior to installation. Standard rear wheels for go-carts made with extended hubs and flange for attachment of sprockets, cannot be used as the width is too great for the bicycle rear fork. (See Materials List for a source of special parts.) Wheels for the Child's Version are the much less expensive semi-pneumatic 2.75 x 10 in. O.D. with either 3/4-in. or 5/8-in. ball bearThe sports version of Beats Walkin' has a two-stage speed reduction ratio of 14.5-1, giving a top speed of about 8 mph with a 2-1/2 to 3 hp engine.

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ings. Sprocket, wheel, and spacer rings are shown in Fig. 12B. (The use of 1 in. pitch sprockets and chains is not suggested because matching engine sprockets are not generally available.) Vehicle Speed is easily calculated w i t h the following formula:
Speed (mph) = Engine RPM X Wheel Circumference in feet 88 X Overall drive ratio

adult use. For a child's bike, 1/2 i n . bicycle chain and sprockets are suitable. An offset or h a l f - l i n k may be used along w i t h a regular connecting l i n k to get the needed chain length. The Brake consists of a drag-shoe applied

For example, to find the speed w i t h the engine t u r n i n g at 3600 rpm, a wheel circumference of 2^2 feet, and a drive ratio of 4 to 1: 3600 X2.5 9000
Speed (mph) = 88 X 4 = 352 = 25.6 (approx.)

Also, you can determine desired drive ratios, starting w i t h a k n o w n speed, w i t h the same formula rearranged:
Drive Engine rpm X Wheel circumference in feet Ratio = 88 X Speed (mph)

For example (using the same values as before) :

<-"'"" - WVm - " i i r -«<«-«•»
Axles and Jackshaft (Fig. 10) are the only machined items required. M i l l e d keyways in the jackshaft are strongly recommended. Jackshaft bearings of the self-aligning type can be sealed ball bearings or bronze bearings. Use # 3 5 or # 4 1 roller chain and matching sprockets on bikes intended for Drive of this Buzzbike is a one-stage 6-1 reduction, gives speeds up to 18 mph. For this outfit, a simpler frame alteration is employed.

JANUARY, 1962

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Brake parts and kick stand are bolted to the underside of the engine deck. Brake pedal pivots in the crank housing.

On all models, pedal crank-arm housing is used for mounting the brake pivot, a piece of 3/8 in. pipe drilled out to 1/2 in. Note notches in plywood engine deck to clear housing. to the tread surface of the t i r e by an adjustable r o d and foot pedal, Figs. 8 and 10. Brake components are attached to the underside of the engine deck. Position the shoe close to the tire surface so that contact w i t h the tire is on the upper two thirds of the brake shoe for more effective leverage. Modify a bicycle kickstand as shown in Fig. 8 and attach it to the underside of the engine deck. If your machine is to be used on soft ground, add a strip of hot-rolled to the k i c k stand foot (Fig. 4 ) . Engine. Almost any horizontal type light weight engine of 1-1/2 hp or more can be used

MATERIALS LIST A—BEATS WALKIN'

MATERIALS LIST B---BEATS WALKIN'

Install a throttle lever of the lawn mower type on the handle bar with a 6 ft. cable connected to the governor or carburetor. Some newer engines now provide for direct carburetor control between idling and full throttle positions. Such control would be ideal for these bikes. Belt Guard. A hardboard or plywood belt guard is shown in Fig. 7. Because of variations in engines and frames, dimensions must be checked and the pattern altered as neces-

Two of the author's children here demonstrate the low-power, low-speed version of Beats Walkin'. Girls' model at left is best for the smaller tykes.

and the drive ratio altered as desired bychanging the jackshaft V-pulley, the chain drive sprockets, or both. The Beats Walkin' (street model) or Buzzbike ratio is approx. 4.3 to 1 which should give a top speed of approx. 26 mph at 3600 engine rpm. With a 21/2 or 3 hp motor this ratio provides for rapid acceleration and good hill climbing ability. Use the formula previously given to determine pulley sizes for the two-stage drive. For instance, a 3-in. engine pulley and an 8-in. jackshaft pulley give a ratio approximately 2.6 to 1. Multiply this by the sprocket ratio (say 4 to 1) to get the overall ratio: in this case 10.4 to 1. Engine Drive is by means of an automatic centrifugal type clutch which attaches directly on the engine shaft and takes either A or B belts. Because of variations in engines and frames, belt length must be determined on assembly.

You don't have to be in the chips to build a Buzzbike. This one has 6 to 1 reduction for 18 mph top speed.

sary. The aluminum angle has part of one flange removed to clear the clutch. Bolt the removable U-frame brace to the guard with two 3/16 x 1-1/2 in. rh stove bolts, so that for engine service, the brace and guard can be removed as one unit. Make fenders (Fig. 10) of half-hard aluminum sheet (0.040 in. thick) and is easily hand-formed or 22 to 26 gauge sheet steel. All That is Left is to gas up and go. Beats Walkin' should have a range of 15 to 20 miles on a quart of fuel. Some of the newer engines have 2 quart fuel tanks that would double this range. Many standard bicycle accessories such as luggage carriers, baskets, lights, and horns can be added. Street operation will require both a license plate and a licensed operator so check with your local license bureau or police department for regulations in your area.
• Craft Print No. 326 in enlarged size for building Tote-All Scooters is available at $1.50. To avoid possible loss of coin or currency in mails, remit by check or money order (no C.O.D.'s or stamps) to Craft Print Dept. 2168, SCIENCE and MECHANICS, SOS Park Avenue, New York 22, New York. Now available, our new illustrated catalog of "194 Do It Yourself Plans," 25C (Refundable on first order).

Left, a wheel, spacer, and 40-tooth sprocket for a high speed model. Tire is 4.10-3.50x4 pneumatic. Threaded rods replace original bolts. Right, similar parts for child's model, with 10x2.75 semi-pneumatic tire, 48-tooth bicycle sprocket, and spacers. Note steel inserts in spokes to position rods.

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