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: Dedi Sucipta
: Bahasa

Sumber : http://stroke.about.com/od/whatisastrok1/a/Biolstroke.htm
http://video.about.com/stroke/What-is-a-Stroke-.htm
I. Source Article
What Is Stroke ?
You have heard the term over and over again but you still wonder: What is stroke
anyway? Stroke is a sudden impairment in brain function. One may suffer an inability to
speak or speak clearly, walk, or move a limb because blood has stopped flowing to an
area of the brain. Usually, this is caused by the blockage, or the rupture, of a blood vessel.
Unlike ministrokes, which are also known as transient ischemic attacks (TIA), whose
symptoms resolve on their own in less than 24 hours, strokes leave behind long-lasting
neurological impairments. The severity of these impairments depends on how large the
damage is to the brain, and on the part of the brain that is affected.
What Causes a Stroke?
A stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood to a portion of the brain, resulting in tissue
death and loss of brain function. A stroke can be caused by a ruptured blood vessel, such
as an aneurysm, or by an embolism, which is a small free-floating clot or particle that
becomes lodged in one of the arteries of the brain and interrupts blood flow.
How Does a Stroke Affect the Brain?
Depending on which area of the brain is affected, a stroke can cause speech impairments,
paralysis, unconsciousness, or even death.
II. Paragraph interpretation
Stroke
You have heard the term over and over again but you still wonder: What is stroke?
Stroke is a sudden impairment in brain function. One may suffer an inability to speak or
speak clearly, walk, or move a limb because blood has stopped flowing to an area of the
brain. Usually, this is caused by the blockage, or the rupture, of a blood vessel.
Unlike ministrokes, which are also known as transient ischemic attacks (TIA), whose
symptoms resolve on their own in less than 24 hours, strokes leave behind long-lasting
neurological impairments. The severity of these impairments depends on how large the
damage is to the brain, and on the part of the brain that is affected.

A stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood to a portion of the brain, resulting in
tissue death and loss of brain function. A stroke can be caused by a ruptured blood vessel,
such as an aneurysm, or by an embolism, which is a small free-floating clot or particle
that becomes lodged in one of the arteries of the brain and interrupts blood flow. A stroke
can cause speech impairments, paralysis, unconsciousness, or even death.

III. Clause interpretation


1st paragraph
Sentence
Clause

: You have heard the term over and over again but you still wonder:
What is stroke? Stroke is a sudden impairment in brain function.
: - You have heard
- You still wonder
- Stroke is a sudden impairment in brain function.

Sentence
Clause

: One may suffer an inability to speak or speak clearly, walk, or move a


limb because blood has stopped flowing to an area of the brain.
: - One may suffer an inability to speak
- Speak clearly
- Walk
- Move a limb because blood has stopped flowing to an area of the
brain

Sentence
Clause

: Usually, this is caused by the blockage, or the rupture, of a blood


vessel.
: - this is caused by the blockage of blood vessel,
- this is caused by the rupture of a blood vessel.

2st paragraph
Sentence

Clause

: Unlike ministrokes, which are also known as transient ischemic attacks


(TIA), whose symptoms resolve on their own in less than 24 hours,
strokes leave behind long-lasting neurological impairments
: - ministrokes are also known as transient ischemic attacks (TIA)
- ministrokes resolve on their own in less than 24 hours
- strokes leave behind long-lasting neurological impairments

Sentence
Clause

: The severity of these impairments depends on how large the damage is


to the brain, and on the part of the brain that is affected.
: - The severity of these impairments depends on how large the damage
is to the brain
- The severity of these impairments depends on the part of the brain
that is affected

3st paragraph
Sentence
Clause

: A stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood to a portion of the brain,


resulting in tissue death and loss of brain function
: - A stroke occurs when there is a lack of blood to a portion of the brain
- A stroke resulting in tissue death and loss of brain function

Sentence

Clause

: A stroke can be caused by a ruptured blood vessel, such as an


aneurysm, or by an embolism, which is a small free-floating clot or
particle that becomes lodged in one of the arteries of the brain and
interrupts blood flow.
: - A stroke can be caused by a ruptured blood vessel, such as an
aneurysm
- A stroke can be caused by an embolism
- An embolism, is a small free-floating clot

- An embolism, particle that becomes lodged in one of the arteries of


the brain and interrupts blood flow

Sentence
Clause

: A stroke can cause speech impairments, paralysis, unconsciousness, or


even death
: - A stroke can cause speech impairments
- A stroke can cause paralysis
- A stroke can cause unconsciousness
- A stroke can cause death

IV. Article In Bahasa Indonesia


Stroke
Anda telah mendengar istilah itu berulang-ulang tetapi Anda masih bertanyatanya: Apa itu stroke? Stroke adalah gangguan fungsi otak tiba-tiba. Satu mungkin
menderita ketidakmampuan untuk berbicara atau berbicara dengan jelas, berjalan, atau
memindahkan dahan karena darah telah berhenti mengalir ke area otak. Biasanya, ini
disebabkan oleh penyumbatan, atau perpecahan, dari pembuluh darah.
Tidak seperti ministrokes, yang juga dikenal sebagai serangan iskemik transient
(TIA), yang mengatasi gejala sendiri dalam waktu kurang dari 24 jam, stroke
meninggalkan kerusakan neurologis jangka panjang. Tingkat keparahan gangguan ini
tergantung pada seberapa besar kerusakan adalah otak, dan pada bagian otak yang
terpengaruh.

Stroke terjadi bila ada kekurangan darah ke bagian otak, mengakibatkan kematian
jaringan dan hilangnya fungsi otak. Stroke dapat disebabkan oleh pembuluh darah pecah,
seperti aneurisma, atau oleh emboli, yang merupakan gumpalan bebas-mengambang kecil
atau partikel yang menjadi tersangkut di salah satu arteri otak dan mengganggu aliran
darah. Stroke dapat menyebabkan gangguan bicara, kelumpuhan, pingsan, atau bahkan
kematian.