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4.

Identify, for each of the following a typical use of the following drawings
etc.
a. Assembly drawings
b. Block diagrams
c. Circuit diagrams

Solution
a. Shows the component parts (perhaps in an exploded view) of the equipment which
is to be worked on. Could be used for dismantling and reassembling
equipment/plant.
(2 marks)
b. A block diagram shows the sequence of operation/control set out as blocks on a
plan etc. It does not show the actual position of the items. (2 marks)
c. Shows the wiring system of the plant including controls, isolation etc. May not
necessarily show the connections of components. (2 marks)

5. Identify six items which would form part of a maintenance procedure work plan

Solution
Any from: definition of the task, shut-down arrangements, permits to work,
coordination with stores/suppliers, maintenance schedules/documentation,
communications, safety procedures, cost estimates, time estimates. (6 marks)

6.
Figure 1
?

Distribution RCD 3 pole switch Starter Motor


Board

Using the drawing, Figure 1 above, identify which of the items provides or
contains the following
a. short circuit protection
b. overload protection
c. mechanical maintenance switching
d. functional control
e. isolation
f. earth fault protection.

Solution
a. Fuses in distribution board
b. Overload device in starter
c. Three-pole switch
d. Starter
e. Three-pole switch
f. RCD (6 marks)

7. For each of the following situations, identify a suitable wiring system, giving
one reason for your choice.
a. Overhead supply to machines in a factory. Machines may need to be relocated.
b. Connection between fixed controls and a motor mounted on slide rails.
c. Connections to terminals of a furnace.
c

Solution
a. Overhead busbar system, allows supplies to be instantly disconnected and
reconnected.
b. Flexible conduit or armoured cable. Allows for vibration and movement of motor.
c. High temperature connections such as porcelain sleeving, high temperature would
burn out high temperature rubber/pvc.
(3 x 2 marks, one mark only for naming cable or reason, two for both)
(

8. a. For each of the following earthing arrangements, state the item/position


that the earthing conductor is connected to at the opposite end to the main
earthing terminal.
e

i) TN-C-S
ii) TT
iii) TN-S
i

b. State the purpose of bonding.


b

Solution
a. i) Neutral at service head. (1 mark)
ii) Earth electrode (1 mark)
iii) Cable sheath (1 mark)
i

b. To create a zone of equal potential where all exposed metalwork is connected


together. This prevents the risk of shock between exposed and extraneous parts.
(3 marks)
(

9. A three-phase 400v motor is supplied via an automatic star�delta starter fitted


with 400v hold in coils. If the line current of the motor at full load is 46
Ampere determine

a. the minimum size of single core pvc cables to be used installed in conduit
supplying the starter.
b. the minimum size of cables to be used supplying the motor from the starter in
flexible conduit.
Solution
a. Line current = 46A . From table 4D1A or 6D1, 10mm is rated at 50A (2 marks)
b. Phase current = 46 divided by 1.732 = 26.55A.
From 4D1A or 6D1, 4mm has current rating of 28A. (4 marks)

10. The characteristics of two motors are described as follows.


Motor A. The motor has a constant speed which only decreases slightly as the load
increases.
Motor B. When off load the speed of the motor is very high. As load is applied to
the motor the speed drops considerably.
a. Identify the characteristic type for both motors
b. Identify a.c motors which would provide the characteristics for A & B.
Solution
a. Motor A has a shunt characteristic. Motor B has a series characteristic. (2
marks)
b. any a.c motor except series universal. Series universal motor. (4 marks)

11. a. State the main reason for carrying out a periodic inspection.

b. Identify three events which may require a periodic inspection to be carried


out.

Solution
a. To prove that the installation is safe to use. (3 marks)
b. Change of use of building, expiry of previous certificate, legal requirement
etc.
(3 marks)

12. Apart from the IEE wiring regulations and On-site guide, identify three
relevant sources of information that would be of assistance during inspection and
testing.
Solution
Any from contract specifications, wiring diagrams, manufacturers instructions,
statutory legislation. (6 marks)

13. Identify the instrument required to carry out the following tests.
a. Proof of safe isolation
b. Continuity of protective conductors
c. Operation of RCD�s to comply with GN3
d. Insulation Resistance
e. Measurement of current
f. Measurement of Ze
Solution
a. Voltage indicator
b. Low reading meter
c. RCD test meter
d. Insulation resistance test meter
e. Clamp meter
f. Earth loop impedance tester (6 marks)

14. When carrying out a visual inspection, identify two items to be checked on
each of the following.
a. Metal conduit systems
b. Metal trunking systems
c. Distribution boards
Solution
a. Any two: no exposed threads, painted over exposed metal, joints tight, space
factor not exceeded, correctly supported etc. (2 marks)
b. Correctly fixed, space factor not exceeded, bonding links in place, lids fixed
correctly, cables supported by pin racks on long vertical runs, fire/smoke
barriers in place. (2 marks)
c. Size circuit breakers and cables, cables correctly terminated and identified.
Cable terminated in correct order etc. (2 marks)

15. Describe how to carry out an earth loop impedance test at a three-phase 400v
four-wire starter prior to the motor being connected.

Solution
a. Isolate supply at local isolator, test for dead with proven voltage indicator.
Lock off.
b. Remove cover of starter, identify incoming terminals.
c. Connect Earth lead to earth, Neutral to Neutral and Phase to phase (Brown)
d. Switch on, take reading, switch off.
e. Repeat steps c & d for black and grey phases.
f. Record highest value. Reinstate circuit. (6 marks)

16. After carrying out a range of tests on electrical equipment, state the action
to be taken if values obtained fail to meet minimum requirements.

Solution
a. Further tests should be carried out to confirm the original values obtained.

b. It may be necessary to check the accuracy of the test instrument.


c. Carry out fault finding procedure to identify cause of low/high readings.
d. Rectify faults.
e. Repeat tests including those which may have been affected by the faults
f. Record figures obtained.

Or suitable alternative answers/sequence (6 marks)