You are on page 1of 25

DRAINAGE SYSTEM PIPE DESIGN

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
COMPUTATION COVER SHEET

TVA

Client

KIF Gypsum

Project

Disposal

Project/Proposal

GR373I

Task

Facility

TITLE

OF COMPUTATIONS

COMPUTATIONS

DRAINAGE SYSTEM

BY
Name

Printed

and

ASSUMPTIONS

CHECKED

PIPE DESIGN

Title

Sowm? Bulusu
Staff Engineer

AND PROCEDURES

BY

signature

Peer Reviewer
Name

Printed

and

COMPUTATIONS CHECKED

BY

Title

Tamer Y. Elkady
Engineer

saL

Signature

Ou.Le..cr

O5t

11106

DATE
Name

Printed

and

Title

Basak Gulec
Engineer

COMPUTATIONS BACKCHECKEDBY
Originator

Qs1 10110

Sigrateue

DATE
Name

Printed

and

Sowmya

Bulusu

Title

APPROVED BY

?/J

stgnature

DA E

PM or Designate
Printed

and

Name

Title

Neil

2 r?c6

Davies

Principal/Vice

President

APPROVAL NOTES

REVISIONS

NO.

caic-cover-PIPE

Number
SHEET

DESIGN.doc

and

initial

all

DATE

revisions

BY

CHECKEDBY

APPROVAL

5/10/2006

06

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

Sowmya

by

Date

Butusu

06

/04

ient

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

Basak

Date

Gulec

Facility

No.

ProjectlProposai

06

/05

/03

yy

MM

DD

Task

GR3731

25

of

DD

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

by

Reviewed

/12

MM

YY

No

06

DRAINAGE SYSTEM PIPE DESIGN


PURPOSE OF ANALYSES
The purpose of
corridor
Plant

used

pipes

preformed

to

The proposed
which

system

referenced

referred

to

disposal

the

have

proposed pipes

at

the

Fossil

Analyses

were

to withstand

resistance

structural

drainage

Kingston

facility.

disposal

adequate

of the

performance

located

facility

KIF Gypsum

as

that

Phases

is

10W427-9
sluiced

with a geotextile

wrapped

2 of the

disposal

to

is

pipes

minimize the potential

DC pipes

will

facility

facilitate

facility

diameter

DC

pipes

this

permit

of the

dewatering

gypsum

head on the
lift

station

in

liner

the

Gypsum

will

in

turn

in

order

collected

pump

and

The purpose

area

Water

system.

which

system for

slurry will be

to settle.

disposal

length

a gravel

I0W427-5

Drawing

application.

the

within

of the proposed drainage

and then allowed

herein

pipes

running along

embedded

are

flow

a gravity

is

HDPE

polyethylene

in

The

disposal facility

an underdrain

to

12-in.

disposal

shown on Engineering

of

of hydraulic

buildup

be conveyed

density

Plan layouts

are

as part
to

Gypsum

facility.
filter.

facility

included

respectively

high

pipes

of the disposal

from the dewatering

DC

DC

corridor

southwest

and

of six perforated

drainage

KIF

system for the

drainage

consists

as
to

northeast

of the

gypsum

evaluate

to

OF THE DRAINAGE CORRIDOR SYSTEM

DESCRIPTION

the

that

verify

proposed

herein

is

package

loads.

applied

media

the

in

site

peninsula

calculation

this

by

to
the

the water into

the stormwater pond.

In addition
gravel

to

DC

the

media of the

collected

pipes a 24-in diameter

central

from Phases

corridor.

and 2

to

decant

outlet

The purpose of

the underdrain

lift

this

DO
is

pipe

pipe
to

is

embedded

water

decant

convey

in the

station.

METHOD OF ANALYSIS
Pipe Structural

Calculations
withstand

are

the loads

will

be checked

iv

excessive

GR3731\pipe

Stability

are

performed
applied

bending

design-TVA

on

wall

strain.

bg_doc

to
it

verify

with

crushing
Plastic

the

proposed

an adequate

ii
pipe

wall

can

DC

factor

buckling

of

and

pipes
safety.

Failure

iii excessive

be designed

to

DO

resist

pipe

are

able

mechanisms

ring deflection
failure

by

the

to

that

and
above

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

iat

Sowmya

by

Date

Bulusu

06

/04

W
TVA

Project

mechanisms

Fossil

Kingston

using

by

Reviewed

/12

MM

Basak

Date

Gulec

methods

the

in

presented

No.

Project/Proposal

Facility

technical

GR3731

06

/05

/03

Yy

mAf

DD

Task

No

Chevron

literature

25

of

DD

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

design

Page

06

Phillips

2003.

active

will

truck with

sum of the

by

applied

which can be calculated

the

truck

The

is

due to

The

full.

total

stresses

2003

Phillips

ft

operation

of soil/aggregate

applied

cover

to be applied

on the pipe

stress

conditions

active

are assumed

traffic

and the

layer

The

condition.
3

two

for

be estimated

anticipated

when

lb

by Chevron

7p

will

post-closure

stresses

the gravel

as described

PL

pipes

traffic

wheel load of 40000

total

stresses

DO

and

ii

in areas where

that

be maintained on top of the pipe.

loaded
the

assumes

and

condition

operation

condition

DC

on the proposed

Stresses applied
the

by

the loaded

by a

is

then

truck

as follows

ItWL
L-D

HC.

where
PL

on the pipe

stress

pcf

average unit weight of the overburden materials

yp

H
D

of the overburden materials

thickness

CH

pipe

outer diameter

load

coefficient

D/2H

WL
L

effective
Phillips
if

the

During

above

pipe

2003

condition

i.e.

Phillips

2003 Table

for dynamic

of pipe which
3

shorter than

post-closure
the pipe

accounting

length

is

ft.

Chevron

1 which

is

a function

of

Ib

factor

impact

ft.

L/2H

and

wheel load

II

materials

psf

gravel

ft

if

loads and

is arbitrarily

pipe

is

longer

defined

than

as follows

3 ft and

by Chevron

actual

pipe

length

3-ft.

the

stress

gypsum

applied

and

final

to the pipe

is

cover soils.

due to the overburden

This

stress

is

calculated

as follows

PL EypH

stress

on the collector pipe

average unit weight


thickness

GR3732\pipe

design-TVA

psf

of the overburden materials

pcf

and

of the overburden materials ft..

bg.doc

AMMOMOL

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06

/04

yy

lent

TVA

Project

Wall Crushing

Wall

by

Reviewed

/12

Gypsum Disposal

Facility

can occur when

crushing
the

Basak

Date

Gulec

compressive

on the pipe wall can be calculated

by

the

strength

in the

stress

of the pipe

the following

SP

No.

Project/Proposal

pipe

wall

material.

Chevron

equation

06

/05

YY

m4.1

Task

GR3731

due

25

of

DD

R.Qm

Plant

pressure exceeds

vertical
stress

Fossil

Kingston

Page

to

/03
DD

No

06

external

The compressive
Phillips

20031

-D

288

where
S

pipe

Pt

vertical

pipe

load

outside

pipe wall

The

wall compressive

pipe

wall

recommended
in

reported

compressive

long-term

the Chevron

Wall Buckling
external

vertical

system.

The

in.

is

compressive

wall

the

f?C

critical

may

buckling

design

wrinkling
buckling

SF

the

pressure

be calculated

_5.65

in

using

pipe

allowable

SF

safety factor

buoyancy

wall

buckling

reduction

Hw

groundwater height

cover above pipe

elastic

support

12?SDR-1

pressure

soil

modulus of

elasticity

SDR

standard

GR3731\pipe

design-TVA

reaction

dimension

bg.doc

above pipe fft.

ft.

modulus of

psf

R1- 0.33

4e

o.ovsH

for pipe bedding

of the pipe material


ratio

of the pipe.

wall

the following

RB E

factor

factor

HDPE

pipe

The

value.

stress
is

800

psi

can occur when

of the pipe/bedding

where
Pwc

material

for a

value

as

2003.

a longitudinal

exceeds

an allowable

to

compared

strength

Phillips Manual

pressure

and

in..

stress

Wall buckling

allowable

to the

applied
diameter

thickness

psi
pipe psf

stress

psf
psf and

the

aggregate

equation

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

06

/04

TVA

Project

Based

pressure

is

applied.

Excessive Ring Deflection


a

causing

reversal

of

are

deflection

can lead to substantial

the

to

Modified Iowa

AX% _

the

can

wall

pipe

An

ring deflection

AX

horizontal

deflection

deflection

lag factor

bedding constant

Di

inside pipe

Pt

pipe

factor

the critical

buckling

of

large
addition
is

of the pipe

external

vertical

excessive

calculated

ring

using the

0.061E

in diameter

or change

assume 1.5 Chevron

vertical

pressure

short-term

modulus

of

SDR

standard

dimension

modulus

in
2003
2003

Phillips

Phillips

in

dianieter

of 7.5

minimum

Ring deflection

assume 0.1 Chevron

ring deflection

over-deflection

In

AX%

allowable

06

soil

No

Task

2E

-? SDR-1

crown

DD

KL

144

where

/03

RM

2003

Phillips

100

/05

than

where

occur
system.

aggregate

Chevron

AX

is less

a horizontal

loss in flow capacity.

D1

06

is anticipated.

pipe/bedding

Forxnula

Pt

GR373I

2003

Phillips

on the pipe

stress

No.

Project/Proposal

in Chevron

vertical

of curvature

applied

Facility

Excessive ring deflection

pressures

Spanglers

Disposal

no buckling of pipe wall

calculated

Date

Gulec

YY

presented

If the total

Basak

25

of

DD

Gypsum

Plant

recommendation

on

safety of 2

Fossil

Kingston

by

Reviewed

/12

MM

YY

at

Page

of

psf
of the pipe material

elasticity

reaction for pipe bedding material

psi
psi and

ratio.

is

assumed

based on guidance from Chevron

Phillips

2003J.

Bending Strain

Excessive

the pipe wall.


pipe/bedding

Chevron

Bending
aggregate

Phillips

strain

When

a pipe

occurs

system.

deflects

in the

Bending

pipe
strain

under load bending

wall
is

as

external

calculated

strains

pressures

using

the

are induced

are applied
following

in

to the

equation

20031

dX 2C

b-fdD D
D.

ra

where

GR3731\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

06

/04

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

sb

0.5

mean

D
D

An

based on

varying

Based
deflection
allowable

For

on

stress

the

Chevron

for allowable

2003

2003

Phillips

strain

bending

AX

is

1.5

to 1.5%

from the

literature

by Wilson-Fahmy and Koerner

recommended

is

up

8% are

to

in Chevron

as conservative

in the literature

reported

to

recommended

is

6 where

2.25%

4.

fd

for

and

information

calculated

very

is selected.

USED

characteristics

5% is reconunended

6.

fd

as conservative

IN

1994

Chevron

in

and

1994
Phillips

as acceptable

for

Ay assumed

neglecting

conservatively

deformation factor

66

19911.

allowable

a factor of safety

stresses.

that

recognizing

Phillips

recommends an

This range incorporates

intensity and time duration of applied

above

fd of

the

equal

effect

6 was also

to

the

of arching

ring

an

selected.

ANALYSES
DC and DO

of the

from manufacturers

literature

to be used in structural

pipes

Chevron

Phillips

2003

stability

calculations

as

are as follows

DC pipes
12-in.

nominal diameter

nominal

HDPE
D

outer diameter

minimum

wall thickness

mean diameter

\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

Dm

SDR-7.3

average inner diameter Di

GR3731

Phillips

years.

between

strainof 5

estimated

06

in.

strains

based on Equation

is

strain

with

that

from

strain

PARAMETERS
The

No

Task

GR373I

and

thickness

of 4.2%

strain

noted

of 50

period

This range

is

it

allowable

bending

DD

guidelines.

bending

where

a design

An

ASSHTO

of

strain

bending

allowable

2003

/03

P4d

manufacturers

allowable

An

wall

are recommendations

following

pipes

plastic

pipe

outer diameter

pipe

/05

YY

in

diameter

pipe

- 1.06

06

in
in

Chevron

pipe wall thickness

1.06

No.

ProjectlProposal

in diameter

or change

deformation shape factor

fd

Facility

Disposal

from outer fiber to wall centroid

distance

Date

Gulec

deflection

vertical

Basak

25

of

DD

Gypsum

bending strain

OX
C

The

Plant

by

Reviewed

/12

MM

YY

Page

12.75

in.

1.747

in.

9.046

in and

10.898

in.

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

06

/04

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

For proposed

Plant

Reviewed

/12

Gypsum Disposal

Basak

by

mm

ient

Page

Facility

Date

Gulec

No.

Project/Proposal

GR3731

25

of

06

/05

/03

YY

AUf

DD

Task

No

06

DO pipe

24-in. nominal

HDPE
D

diameter

SDR-9

nominal outer diameter

minimum

wall

thickness

24 in.
2.667 in.

inner diameter Di

average

D.

mean diameter

18.346

in and

21.173

in.

Pipe Perforation Sizing

For proposed

DC pipe

d85

size of the pipe

particle

weight of the

mm as

for which

57

are finer assuming

particles

shown

bedding material

in Figure

1.

Conservatively

to

2 assume

85 percent

by

16 to 22
16 mm 0.630

gravel d85

assume d85

in. and
F

Structural

waste

the

MACTEC

19951.

weight

1995J.

placement.
Since
fine

Dry

The

a majority

grained

gypsum

unit weight

gypsum

design-TVA

bg.doc

in

is

is

and

of the

reported

on the pipe

is

used

at

from

MACTEC

consist of dry stack

will

the plant before

an elevation of approximately 900

rim-ditch

as

indicated

method

for fine grained

upto an

obtained

be dewatered

approximately 107 pcf

of 100 pcf

DO

will

above

is

analyses

material

by-product
is

these

which

will be placed

gypsum

a unit weight

active-operation

\pipe

gypsum

of 100 pcf

DC

pcf.

The overburden
stack

of the gypsum on the pipes

Stresses on

GR3731

100

of gypsum

unit weight

of dry stack

Fine grained

120 pcf and

gypsum

to the disposal facility

transported

120 pcf

cover system

final

gypsum and fine gypsum.

unit

1.2.

materials

bedding gravel layer

Information.on

and

of overburden

weight
-

The

1.2

Stability

Unit

20041

from

factor varying

gypsum

in

feet.

MACTEC

of sluiced

material

MACTEC

20041.

elevation of approximately 900 ft will


in

the analyses

for overburden

is

it

be

gypsum.

pipes

condition

3.0 ft

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06

/04

YY

0-nt

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

Plant

WL

Page

Reviewed

/12

Basak

by

Gutec

Gypsum

Disposal

Facility

lb

40000

No.

Project/Proposal

Chevron

I1

impact factor accounting

effective

CH

load coefficient

outer pipe diameter

for dynamic

a standard

Phillips

loads

2.0

post-closure

length

12.75

24.0

ft

in.

20031

Phillips

2003

DCpipe

0.242 for proposed

DO pipe

for proposed

and

DC pipe

DO pipe.

condition

bedding layer gravel


final

loaded

for proposed

0.140

for proposed

in.

06

3 ft

Table

DD

2.5

Chevron
of pipe

/03

mN

No

Task

GR3731

assumed based on
truck

ft

/05

YY

wheel load

1.061

06

Date

DD

FAt

25

of

3.0

ft

3.0 ft

cover system

waste

218

thickness of waste only excluding

ft

cover and gravel


see Figures

thicknesses

221-3

i.e.

final

218

ft.

3 and

2 and

3.01202181003.0120

6Rax

22

520 psf

156.39

psi

Wall Crushing

Pt

vertical

ay

allowable

pressure

applied

pipe wall

to the pipe

compressive

psi
115200

stress

800 psi

psf

Chevron

Phillips

20031

Wall Buckling

SF

safety factor

Hw

groundwater

height

Due

to

the

anticipated

that

of water during
of the

pipe.

herein the

above pipe

relative

the

ft

of the

high permeability
central

facility

Therefore
height

drainage

layer

will facilitate

it

is

drainage

and therefore reduce head on top

operations
for the

corridor

gravel

purpose

of water above

the

of the

pipe

HW

analysis
is

presented

assumed

to be

zero.

GR3731\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06

/04

YY

.en

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

Facility

224

2 and

modulus of

soil

modulus of

06

/05

MM

elasticity

for proposed
for proposed

final

Task

No

psi Table

2
3

of the pipe material Table


for 50 years

@ 73F

and

DC pipe
DO pipe.

Excessive Ring Deflection

deflection

lag factor

bedding

Di

inside pipe

assume 1.5 Chevron

assume 0.1 Chevron

constant

9.046

diameter

in.

18.346

short-term

modulus

1.58 x 107 psf

modulus of

soil

DO pipe
of pipe material @ 73F
for proposed

110000 psi Chevron


reaction

Phillips

for pipe bedding

20031

material

Chevron

distance

from outer

1.06

0.5

deformation shape factor

D.

mean

\pipe

outer diameter

D - 1.06

10.898

in.

for proposed

21.173

in.

for proposed

pages for calculations.

design-TVA

bg.doc

and

diameter

CALCULATIONS

GR3731

to wall centroid

thickness

fd

pipe

See following

fiber

pipe wall

pipe

DC pipe
DO pipe.

wall

3000

Phillips

Excessive Bending Strain

20031

2003
DCpipe

Phillips

for proposed

in.

of elasticity

Phillips

thickness

/03
DD

06

gravel

cover

for pipe bedding

28200 psi

9.0

GR3731

of gypsum

height

ft

reaction

7.3

No.

Project/Proposal

3000

4.06 x 106 psf

SDR

Date

Gulec

25

of

YY

see Figures

4.32 xI05 psf

Basak

DD

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

by

Reviewed

/12

oA4

cover above pipe

Page

psi

2003

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06
YY

let

TVA

Project

Kingston

Fossil

Plant

/04
WA4

Gypsum

/12

Reviewed

by

Basak

Disposal

Facitity

Project/Proposal

\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

No.

GR373I

06

Task

PERFORMANCE

25

of

PROPOSED DC PIPE

Date

Gulec

DD

CALCULATIONS FOR STRUCTURAL

GR373

Page

/05

MM

No

/03
DD

06

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

Sowmya Bulusu

by

Date

06

/04

YY

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

10

Page

Basak

Date

Gulec

06

DD

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

by

Reviewed

/12

MA1

Facility

No.

Project/Proposal

PROPOSED DC

GR373I

25

of

Task

/05

/03

MM

DD

No

06

PIPE DESIGN

Pipe Type

Name
Norminal

Minimum

nominal

wall thickness

Dimension

Ratio

of

pipe

HDPE

diameter

Pipe

12151in
1.747

in

9.046

In

diameter

inner

Average
Standard

12-in

Outer Diameter

Di

SDR

7.3

Pipe Perforation Sizing


Material

Factor varying from

1.2

t57 gravel

assuming

- 2.0

F
dh..

d85/F
16

Stress
Active

on

16-22mm

d85

1.2

13.3

mm

0.52

inch

Use

0.50

inch

collector pipe

Operation

Condition

Impact

Unit

weight

Thickness

Factor

Length of

pipe

of overburden

soil

of overburden

soil

Load

WL

Load

Wheel

40000

IE

2.5

3.0

lbs

YP

0.140

PL

_
?rP

3-ft

L/2H

ft

Ca

Phillips
if

pipe

2003
2003

3-8 L

Chevron

Ha

Phillips

20031

Table

L D
psf

Closure

Condition
Post

Layer No.
I

Final

yP

l00

Waste

3 Liner

PO
120

Cover

120

System

Closure

H ft

Condition

ypxHpsf
360

3.0
218.0

21800
360

3.0

4
5

Total

Maximum

GR373

\pipe

design-TVA

Vertical

Stress

bg.doc

22520

length

If

pipe

D/2H

0.50

4752_

Post

actual

pef

coefficient

Phillips

Chevron

Note L

ft

120

From Chevron
From

22520

psf

156.39

psf

156.39

psi

psi

0.18

3-ft

CiEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

ent

by

TVA

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

Project

Kingston

Page

06

by

Reviewed

/12

Gypsum

Plant

Fossil

/04

Disposal

Facility

Basak

No.

06

/0S

No

Task

GR3731

25

of

Date

Gulec

Project/Proposal

/03

06

Wall Crush
Allowable Compressive

Actual

Wall

Stress

6y

stress

compressive

Pi
288
570.68

800

psf

1?20tI
L

psi

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

D
t

800

psi

OK

psi

Wall Bucklin?
Height

Height

of

water

of WasteFinal

above

Pipe

Cover above

Pipe

table

modulus of elasticity
modulus of

Ha

H
E

of pipe

ft

224

ft

4060800.0

reaction

soil

432000.0

5.65

psf

psf

73F

psi

For 50

3000

psi

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

PhitIips

2003

years

BE

SF

28200

12

?SDR

where

RI

Water
Coefficient

0.33

Elastic
Factor

Allowable

Critical

Buckling

-H

Factor

1.0000

1.0000

of

\pipe

design-TVA

SF

Safety

Pressure

PE

GR3731

bg.doc

14

and

Support

Buoyancy
of

Hw

Pwc

68307

Pwc

Yes

psf

OK

e-0.fi65-

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS

12

Page
Written

by

Sowmya

Bulusu

Date

06

/04

Y1

TVA

Project

Kingston

Fossil

Plant

MAXIMUM

Ring

Deflection

Usinp

the

/12

Reviewed

Gypsum Disposal

Facility

D.

Basak

Date

Gulec

No.

Project/Proposal

GR3731

06

/05

/03

YY

FA1

DD

No

Task

06

RING DEFLECTION AND RING BENDING STRAIN

Modiied Spanpler Equation

K-L
144

by

DD

A?Itt

25

of

2E

SDR-

AX
L

K
P

0.061-9

E
L

1.5

0.1

22520.00

9.046

Change

in

diameter

horizontal

constant

bedding

Crown

pipe

factor

lag

Vertical

modulus

short-term

modulus of

the

Chevron
psf
in.

110000

psi

3000

psi

SDR

IChevron

0.

of

Phillips

the pipe

Philiips

20031

reaction

for pipe

dimension

2003

Phillips

20031

psf

elasticity

20031

diameter in

in

material

psi
material

bedding

psi

ratio

Chevron

Phillips

2003

ring deflection

100
Di

soil

or change

1.5 Chevron

Pressure

of

Phillips

standard

c1X%

deflection

assume

assume

@ 73 F Chevron

SDR

maximum
deflection

inside

AX/Di.
nine

diameter

in.

7.3

AX

0.45

in.

AX

AX%

.1U

Di

4.93

Ring

ea

RinQ BendinQ

Strain

bending

7.5% OK

Deflection

strain

AX maximum vertical

2C
bfd
Dm Dm
AX

D.

10.898

Dm

mean

C
Bending

strain

Eb

0.926

1.06

fd

deformation

distance
0.5

fd

pipe

pipe

wall

or

change

in

diameter in

outer

pipe

thickness Chevron

Phillips

fiber to wall centroid

wall

thickness

Chevron

in.

Phillips

in

4.17%

Bending

Strain

5.0/g OK

..
GR3731\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

20031

factor

shape

from

t.06

deflection

diameter in

2003.

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06
yy

Oent

TVA

Project

Kingston

Fossit

Plant

13

Page

/04

MM

G?um

12

Reviewed

by

Basak

Date

Gulec

DD

Disposal

Facility

Project/Proposat

No.

GR3731

PROPOSED DO PIPE

GR3731

\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

06

105

f03

YY

64N

DD

Task

CALCULATIONS FOR STRUCTURAL PERFORMANCE

25

of

No

06

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

06

/04

TVA

Project

Kingston

Fossil

Reviewed

/12

Wt

vY

0nt

14

Page

Date

Gulec

o6

/05

/03

vY

MM

DD

DU

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

Basak

by

Facility

No.

Project/Proposal

PROPOSED DO

GR3731

25

of

Task

No

06

PIPE DESIGN

Pipe Type

Name
Norminat

Outer

Minimum

Stress
Active

Dimension

on colector
Operation

ofpipe

24

18.346

SDR

in

trine

Condition

Wheel
Impact

Load

Unit

weight

Thickness

of

overburden

of

overburden

Load

WL

Factor

Length of

40000
2.5

I1

pipe
soil

3.0

yP

soil

coefficient

lbs

120
3

4393

Chevron

From

Chevron

Phillips

Phillips
ifpipe

3-ft

2003
2003
3-ft

L/2II

ft

Post

Final

ra

Cover

Waste

3 Liner

System

pcf

Closure

H ft

120

3.0

I00

218.0

120

3.0

Chevron

Phillips

20031

Table

I Wt
LD
psf

Condition

yP

H Pso
360

21800
360

5
6

Total

GR373

\pipe

design-TVA

Vertical

Stress

bg.doc

22520

length

D/

Maximum

actual

0.50

Condition

Layer No.

If

pipe

pcf

0.242

CH

From

Note L

ft

PLyPHC.

Post Closure

Pipe

in
in

2.667

diameter

Ratio

HDPE

diameter

wall thickness
inner

Average
Standard

nominal

12-in

Diameter

22520

psf

156.39

psf

156.39

psi

psi

2H

033

3-ft

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

06

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

/12

/04

YY

.en

15

Page

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

by

Reviewed

Basak

Date

Gulec

DD

IdAd

Facility

No.

ProjectlProposal

06

/05

/03

YY

AA4

DD

Task

GR3731

25

of

No

06

Wall Crushing
Allowable Compressive

Wall

Actual

Stress

6y

stress

cotnpressive

115200

P
288
703.66

800

psf

psi

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From Chevron

Phillips

2003

D
t

800

psi

OK

psi

703.6620422

Wall BucklinQ
Height

of

water

Height of WasteFinal

above

table

Cover above

modulus of

of

elasticity

modulus of

HW

Pipe

Pipe

pipe

reaction

soil

0
224

ft

ft

4060800.0

psf

28200

psi

432000.0

psf

3000

psi

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

From

Chevron

Phillips

2003

years

5.65

73F

For 50

SF

12

SDR

where

Water
Coefficient

Elastic
Factor

Allowable

Critical

Factor

Buoyancy
of

Buckling

H
H

0.33

Support

of

Pressure

\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

B
SF

Safety

Pt

GR373

and

1.0000
1.0000

Pwc

47735

Pwc

Yes

psf

OK

- o-obs

-H

GEOSINTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06

/04

TVA

Project

Kingston

Fossil

Plant

MAXIMUM

Ring DeRection

Usinje

D-

144

Gypsum Disposal

Facility

maximum

0.061-E

1.5

0.1

Pt

22520.00

Di

18346

110000

3000

SDR
diameter

/03

An

m.t

No

Task

06

Equation

AX

/05

STRAIN

deflection

horizontal

lag

K
P

pipe

the

modulus

Chevron
psf

of

SDR

standard

L1X%

ring

Di

in

diameter in

20031

Phillips

Phillips

20031

reaction

20031

the

20031

material

pipe

psi

for pipe

bedding

material

psi

ratio

Chevron

Phillips

20031

AX/Di.

eine

insi

of

elasticity

Phillips

dimension

deflection

100

psi

change

Chevron

Pressure psf
of

soil

Phillips

in.

psi

1.32

Vertical

modulus

@ 73 F Chevron

AX

Crown

short-term

or

1.5

assume 0.1 Chevron

constant

bedding

deflection

assume

factor

?SDR-1?

in

GR3731

AND RING BENDING

Change

No.

Project/Proposal

K-L
?73

06
v4

RING DEFLECTION

2-E

Date

Gulec

25

of

uD

the Modired Snantler

AX

Basak

by

Reviewed

/12

MM

0.

16

Page

diameter.

in.

in.

AX

AX %

-.100
D.

7.19

Ring

4
Ring Bending

Strain

bending

bJd

D?

2C
D
D.

Dm

D.

21.173

C
Bending

\pipe

design-TVA

bg_doc

strain

Fb

1.414

pipe

deformation
distance
0.5

fd

OK

deflection

or

change

from

1.06

wall

diameter

in

outer

pipe

thickness

Bending

Chevron

Phillips

2003

factor

shape

fiber to wall

wall

thickness

in

4.99%

in

mean pipe diameter in

D-1.06
fd

GR3731

strain

AX maximum vertical

4X

7.5%

Deflection

Strain.

5.0%

OK

centroid

in.

Chevron

Phillips

2003.

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

So -A?a Bulusu

by

Date

06

/04

Project

Fossil

Kingston

Plant

Reviewed

/12

Basak

by

Date

Gulec

pp

NM

yy

TVA

17

Page

Gypsum Disposal

Facility

No.

Project/Proposal

GR3731

25

of

O6

/05

/03

YY

MM

DD

Task

No

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS


Assumptions

DC

Proposed

pipes

12-inch

DO

Proposed

SDR-7.3

perforated

HDPE

SDR-9.0

solid pipe

of proposed pipes
Pipe bedding consists of

Minimum 2.5-ft
vehicles

Analysis

Structural

pipe

pipes

24-inch

Installation

HDPE

are permitted

summary and

57 stone crushed

of drainage

gravel

to pass

and cover

soil

placed

before

construction

over the pipes.

conclusions

Stability

For proposed

DC pipe

Wall crushing
Pipe wall compressive

stress

570.68

Allowable compressive

psi

stress

800 psi

4 OK
Wall buckling
Allowable

critical

buckling pressure

68307

Total vertical

psf

22520 psf
Ring

deflection

Bending

For proposed

strain

4.93

4.17

%
%

allowable
allowable

ring deflection

7.5

5% 4 OK

strain

stress

on pipe

4 OK

% 4 OK

DO pipe

Wall crushing
Pipe wall compressive

stress

703.66 psi

Allowable compressive

stress

--

800 psi

OK

Wall buckling
Allowable

critical

buckling pressure

47735

psf

Total vertical

OK
4 OK

22520 psf
Ring

deflection

7.19

S
GR3731\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

allowable

ring deflection

7.5

stress

--

on pipe

06

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

10
t

by

Sowmya

TVA

Bulusu

Project

Date

Kingston

Bending

Based

on the

under the active

GR3731\pipe

Fossil

strain

above

06
yy

Plant

4.99

/04

Gypsum

results

bg.doc

/12

mm

and post-closure

design-TVA

18

Page

Reviewed

Disposal

Facility

allowable

the

Basak

by

Date

Gulec

pp

5% 4

strain

specified

conditions

Project/Proposal

GR3731

perform

KIF Gypsum Disposal

Facility.

are

06

/05

/03

YY

A9N

DD

Task

No

06

OK
to

pipes

for the

No.

25

of

anticipated

satisfactorily

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

04

06

TVA

Project

Fossil

Kingston

Plant

by

Reviewed

/12

Basak

Date

Gulec

Gypsum Disposal

Facility

25

of

06

/05

WF.?1

DD

A4P?1

wt

19

Page

ProjectlProposal

No.

GR3731

Manual

2.

Task

No

/03

DB

06

REFERENCES
Chevron

Chemical

Chevron

Chemical

Chevron

Phillips Chemical

PP 900 Chevron

MACTEC
Law

Use

Plant

Phillips

66

Bensenville

of Coal

Combustion

Testing

for Parsons

Driscopipe

p.

188

Company 2003

Design

System

Manufacturers

Bulliten

literature

p.

as Engineered

By-Products

Fills prepared

by

MACTEC.

Laboratory

prepared

76

IL 1994

Company Performance Pipe

currently

2004.

Engineering

Plexco/Spirolite

Phillips Chemical

Engineering

Fossil

Company

1995.

MACTEC

System

Results

EC

- Samples

on behalf of

Design

from Gypsum Pond

TVA May

Manufacturers

Cumberland

at

13.

literature No.

1089-91

A17

Phillips

-Drexel
66

Company

1991.

Wilson-Fahmy
Behavior

in

R.F.

Leachate

and

Koerner

Collection

University Philadelphia

GR3731\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

R.M

Finite

and Removal

PA

1994 105 p.

Element

Systems

Analysis

Geosynthetic

of Plastic

Research

Sewer Pipe
Institute

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

?lient

by

Sowmya

Date

Bulusu

06

Project

Table

1.

Load

L3I2H

Kingston

Fossil

Plant

/04

Basak

Date

Gulec

Gypsum Disposal

Facility

Philfips

Project/Proposal

No.

GR373I

25

of

06

/05

DD

CH Chevron

Coefficient

by

Reviewed

/12

MM

YY

TVA

20

Page

/03
DD

AH.R

No

06

20

20_0

Task

20031

Lr2H
.w._

0.2

0.1

03

0.$

1.1

0.019

0.037

0.053

0_067

02

0037

0_072

0_103

0.131

0_6

?.5

0_7

0.8

0_9

9.U

12

1.5

0.089

0_097

0.103

0.108

0.112

0_117

0121

0_124

0.127

0.174

0.189

0_202

0211

4219

0.229

0_238

42411

0_248

0252

0_274

0_232

0.306

0.318

0_333

0 346

0.355

0.361

0 320

o 3 d9

Q 373

0.3131

0_485

0_425

1_442

0.454

0_462

0.463

0.481

0.5t35

0.525

0.

0.524

0_544

0_572

0.596

0613

0.3

0.053

0_103

0.149

0_190

4?

0 067

0.190

0241

05

0079

0155

0224

0.284

0.336

0_379

0.414

0.441

0_6

0_089

0_171

0_252

0 320

0_379

0428

0467

0_7

0_097

0.189

0-274

0.349

0.414

0.467

0511

0.546

0.574

0597

0_628

0.655

0.674

08

0.103

0.202

0-M

0.373

0.441

0.499

0.546

0.584

0_615

43_639

0.674

0.703

0_725

0_740

09

0_108

0 211

0306

0_391

f1_d63

i.52d

o_57it

0.615

0.647

0.673

0_711

0.743

0_766

0_783

10

0.112

0-219

0_318

0405

0_481

4.544

0.597

0_639

0.673

tt.701

0.740

0.775

080d

o 8t8

0-224

?.

-.

131

d99

540

55fl

0 625

6B

__

0.117

0_229

0_333

0.425

0505

0.572

0.628

0.674

0.711

0_740

0 783

0.821

0849

0_871

1.5

0-121

0.238

0346

0422

0525

0.596

0.655

0_703

0_743

0.775

0.821

0_863

0.895

0.920

2.0

0.12d

0241

0.355

0454

0.540

0_613

0.674

0.725

0_766

Q 8tU0

0.849

8_895

0_930

0968

20.0

0.127

0-248

0361

0_462

T 558

t3.688

0_74t1

9_818

0_871

0.920

1960

1_0l0

GR3731

\pipe

design-TVA

bg.doc

0.625

U_783

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

by-

06

/04

YY

Client

TVA

Project

Table

Fossil

Kingston

Bureau of Reclamation

2.

Deflection

Chevron

Basak

Date

Gulec

Facitity

06

w
No.

Project/Proposal

Average Values of

for

Task

GR3731

Iowa Formula

Initial

Phillips 20031

hat

af Sedtir?

Degree

GOtnprateficu7

A4oaerate

Std

- pipe bedding

type

iratetkV

Svht
Pfocw

tJrtiffed

Proctor

9596

Pro

409b-706

70%

Telarsre

85%

GfassrT?cntiost-?Mped

40%

reYative

soiTs

Firre-grakwd

mecirum

witit

Ctl

refafire

CL

CL-ML

Jtdt

No data

consu1t

avaitabie

no

25%

srlh

otherwise use

LL5U

sotls

sons engineer

a competent

plastiefty

CH-AdEI

Adifi.

F1tIe-gianled

???

LL50

to iroh

denW

??

rlensity

Sasels

High

48.6-35%

PJStkq

coarse

50

200

4tlt

1000

100

400

1000

2000

2000

?OQ
3000

gtalttett

partACtes
stx7s

Ftrre-grakied
SvrJs

CL ML

svrth

medium

t.Lf50
no

25%

with

CL-AfiL

to

pfastncq

coarse

gr?rirted

arficp-ls

sris

Caarse-grairel

GM

GC.

Contwtts

129b

soft

Coarse-gratne6

wr2h

GP SW

UWI

J29b..

eontarns
.._...

._.........

SM

in

frnes

SCO
ltnes
ffnes

or no

little

200

SPff
_.

_._

__.

....

ruck

terms of

1000

fines

Ciustred

Accwacy

wg1r

percentage

__._..

...

1000

3000

3000

2%

2%

1%

E1_5%

deffeCtToPfT
fi

ASTM

2487

smbds
between
tdote

i.e_

2%

USBR

GM-GC

bedding

vaWs.
5q3.000

mitiat

tails

fEVr1%

Latuid

timit.

accuracy and

03r

predicted

ariy borderline
of

deitectiort

on

only

deflectiorf.s

the

for tiNs

less

than 50

otdy appmpriate

borcfertwe

between

tvwo

ft

15 m. No

dettection

ccxnpxion

Lag

safety

Factor

catee3ortes

factor

rrwst
select

be

wrttr

beginTirv

aduat

included

one

ot ttlese

ctettecton

would be

vatues_

For use

Proetor

design-TVA

based

on

bg.doc

laboratory

ttie

in table
for

appkeci
lower

maximum dry den.stty


irm test
tlme AfiTM D 698 4ASFTt T-39 USBR 3esiqrration E-41_ 1lbn2

Percentage

GR3731\pipe

scaE

3%

and 4%_

- Yalm appeable

predk

LL

E-3.

Designation

GC-SC.

WKj-term
value

standards

6.895

or

deflections_

average

wing 12500
KPa_

the

in
Ei

toro

i4W

25

of

DD

Gypsum Disposal

Plant

by

Reviewed

/12

Am

.......

Written

21

Page

.........

/05

WA

No

/03
nn

06

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

by

Date

Bulusu

Sowmya

06

104

Vl

Client

TVA

Project

Table

3.

Kin

Typical

on

Fossil

Elastic

Plant

Shsxt-Tasu

tQh

200h

1000

IOy

50

? Typical

y
values

GR3731\pipe

Mt3.0

2069

1743

lkfrsdWlus

841

E25.4

1083

710

865

749

490

92_8

Date

Gulec

Project/Proposal

FOMpst 0fPa

crt

GR3731

No.

Phillips

25

of

06

/05

/03

YV

IHM

DD

Task

No

7empamtura

10038

12049

1I0_0

104.l

65.0

50.0

8?i

759

ffiM

449

345

73

f23j

14060

79_8

6I_0

57.5

46_3

30_5

23.5

550

421

396

323

210

162

54.3

51.2

374

353

42.8

288

27.2

20.3

I89

244

60.7

i_4

43_7

35.7

23.2

17_9

419

320

t301

246

160

123

93.0

90.6

52-7

403

39.0

31.0

641

550

363

278

262

214

20.2

15_5

139

107

774

67_1

43_9

33.5

31_6

25_8

16_8

534

463

303

23I

218

178

I16

23.0

15.0

11.5

I41

159

103

79

691

599

39.1

29.9

476

413

270

206

bamd an

design-TVA

PISTl4f

638

bg.doc

testucg

of molded

plaque

autefiaI

specimens_

06

20031

130_0

6016

1172

122.0

640

170.0

971

738

Facility

404

240_9

107.0

Basak

DriscoPlex Chevron

for

Etrestir

0-18

by

DD

Gypsum Disposal

LvaDwzom
3040

Reviewed

/12

64t

Modulus

20 Z9?

22

Page

12_4

GEOSYNTEC CONSULTANTS
Written

Client

by

Sowmya

TVA

Bulusu

Project

Date

Kingston

Fossil

06

Plant

23

Page

/04

Gypsum

/12

Reviewed

Disposal

Facili

by.

Basak

Gulec

Project/Proposal

Date

No.

GR3731

25

of

06

Task

/05

No

/03

06

a
8
0
d

cs

OOZ

oN

OOt

0N

f oN

---------------------------o
d
0

--------------------------?
ut

--------------------.._

o
d

----------------------0
9
-w c

---------------------------3
o.9
o
B
?
o
.
8
S
R
e4i

Figure

GR373I\pipe

design-TVA

1.

Grain Size Distribution

bg.doc

Curve

for

57 Stone