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Urban Administration and Development Department

Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Urban Administration & Development


Department
Govt. of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan Kotar


District Satna, MP
Coordinated by

Submitted by

City Manager Association

SGS Infotech

Madhya Pradesh

Gurgaon

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


Executive Summary
Introduction
Urban centers have a vital role in Indias socio-economic transformation and change. Urban centers
account for 30% of the total population, notwithstanding, most cities and towns are severely
stressed in terms of infrastructure and service availability, and their growth and development is
constrained by indifferent implementation of the 74th Constitution Amendment Act (CAA), 1992.
The Government of India launched the JNNURM in December 2005. The aim of the Mission is to
encourage reforms driven, fast track, planned development of identified cities with focus on
efficiency in urban infrastructure and service delivery mechanisms, community participation, and
accountability of Urban Local Bodies (ULB) towards citizens. Urban centers of Madhya Pradesh State
face the challenge of meeting the requirements of the growing population with limited resources. To
cope up with increasing challenges that have emerged as a result of rapid urban growth, it is
imperative to illustrate a coherent vision and strategy for implementation of projects aimed towards
achieving the outlined vision.
Role of UADD in CDP Preparation
For planned urban growth and development, Urban Administration and Development Department
(UADD), GoMP has taken the initiative to prepare the City Development Plan of Kotar. The primary
aim of the project is to formulate strategies as well as a City Investment Plan (CIP), based on which
Kotar Nagar Parishad will be able to access funds under GoI schemes as well as from other sources.
To attain the said objectives, UADD has appointed SGS Infotech as a consultant.
Objective of City Development Plan
The objective of the study was to prepare City Development Plan through which a strategic
framework for city development actions in the medium term has been evolved and prepared, guided
by a shared and collective vision, and aimed at delivering sustainable economic development and
poverty reduction.
Process of Preparation of CDP
The City Development Plan offers both a perspective and a vision for the future development of the
city and involves an extensive consultative process. This CDP addresses the following issues:

Where are we now?

Where do we want to go?

What do we need to address on apriority basis?

What intervention do we make in order to attain the vision?

Sectors and Core Issues


One of the key components of the City Development Plan is long term strategic Vision for
development of the city. This Vision defines the objective of the city in terms of its long-term
aspirations. Supporting this Vision is a set of development objectives. These objectives put forward
specific targets that the city wishes to achieve in a given time frame. These objectives are defined
along various sectors and form part of a Sector Plan.
The sectors covered in the CDP are:-

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Demography
Economy & Urban Development
Basic Infrastructure
Social Infrastructure
Environment
Financial Base
Govt Reforms
Institutional Arrangements

About The City: Kotar


The Kotar is located in Satna District of Madhya Pradesh. Kotar is bounded by Allahabad (U.P.)
districts in the north; Rewa district in the east; Panna in west and Katni, Umaria and Shahdol in
south. The city is located on 24 72 N latitude and 80 98 E longitudes.
Earlier Kotar is a Gram Panchayat & now formulate Nagar Parishad in July, 2011 located on the north
boundary of Panna District in state of Madhya Pradesh. Total area of town is 17 Sq Km or 1700 Hect.
Stakeholder Consultations
The methodology adopted for the preparation of plan was participatory in nature. A number of
individual consultations, group meetings and stakeholder workshops were conducted to give the
final shape to the CDP of Kotar.
Population Growth
The population of Kotar Nagar Parishad area as per census 2011 is 7508 persons with an average
population density of 442 persons per sq. km.
The population projection for Kotar Nagar Parishad area up to the year 2035 made on the basis of
the average of the five different statistical methods & has been adopted as 10,000 in 2035.
Economic Profile
Kotar is basically having an agricultural based economy. Town, however, is now declared as Nagar
Parishad but it is still having agricultural nature. The principal agricultural crops are Rice, Soybean,
Maize & Gram etc are some of the vegetables grown in the region. Kotar`s working population is
largely depending on Satna, as Satna is the largest cement producing district.
At present Kotar is lagging far behind in terms of industrial development which has direct impact on
economy as well as on employment. Kotar serves as market centre for nearby small towns and
villages for supplying various commodities
Urban growth
Spatial growth Trend
The city is predominantly developing along the Jatwara - Samaria road in the form of ribbon
development. Kotar in its north east side is having Kaimari Pahad & a dumping site is also allocated
by govt. due to which this side further development of city is not possible. In south west side of
Kotar, there is a river called Semraval.
Looking at the growth of population and their requirement in future, population has been worked

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


out till 2035. Growth Potential is also towards the north-west along major transport routes due to
Panna district headquarter.
Basic Infrastructure existing situational analysis and Strategies
Water Supply
Presently, supply of water in the city is inadequate & not satisfactory. Ground water is the only
source of water supply in Kotar town. A significant volume of ground water is also extracted through
a network of bore-wells and hand pumps. The quality of groundwater is fairly good but the
groundwater level is depleting rapidly. The current groundwater level is at 50-60 ft. Per capita water
supply should be maintained at 135 Liter Per capita per Day by increasing hours of supply. Water
supply coverage & access to piped water supply in Kotar need to be enhanced to 100% by year 2035.
Sewage
There is no underground sewage system in the city due to very less population. Out of total
households 40% households of the city have latrines inside their houses on other hand 60%
households have no latrine facilities results in open defecation. The Sewage coverage and access in
KNP area need to be enhanced to 100% by year 2020. Recycle and reuse of treated water is targeted
to reach 20% by year 2035.
Solid waste management
Solid waste collection and disposal in the town is the responsibility of Nagar Parishad. But there is no
form of organized solid waste management system in the town. Collection bins are present in the
town but not in use. Solid waste collection is done by the sweepers of the Nagar Parishad. At most
places waste lies on the roadside and lowlands. There are no organized places of solid waste
disposal. Segregation is not practiced. Waste is collected by hand carts. The organized place for solid
waste management is almost 4 Km from Kotar town near Kaimari Pahad.
Drainage
The city lacks an efficient drainage system. Drainage system of Kotar comprise of a hierarchy of
manmade & natural water bodies & ultimately discharge surface run off of storm water drains into
water bodies. Storm water & waste domestic water flow through open drains which are not planned
& also not cover whole Nagar Parishad area. The slope of Kotar Nagar Parishad is North East to
South West. There are nine ponds in the town. In addition there are number of small nalla in Kotar &
Semraval River in southern boundary of Kotar.
Road & Transportation
Kotar is well connected by roads and rail. Kotar is 25 km away from Satna. Similarly it is well
connected through road i.e. Satna Samaria and Virsinghpur road. Most of the town is accessible by
walk. Kotar is mostly having two wheeler private vehicles for transportation. There is no
intermediate transport in Town. Most of the core areas of the city are characterized by narrow
roads. The capacity of the roads is further reduced by vehicles parked on roadsides.
Housing, Slums
There are 1367 households in Kotar Nagar Parishad (KNP) with an average household size of 5.5
which is higher compared to average national urban household sizes. There is no house less
population in Kotar as per census 2011. Out of total houses in city, 60% of houses are

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


categorized as being in good condition while 35% are livable and remaining 5% are in dilapidated
condition.
About 5.6% of Kotar's residents i.e. nearly (1329) reside in the Slum area. The total slum population
in Kotar is 1329 out of which Ward No. 4 and 14 have the maximum concentration. Basic services are
not available to slum dwellers of Kotar city.
Social Infrastructure
Kotar town is not having sufficient educational facilities. In spite of that Literacy rate of Kotar is
highest in Satna district. There are no degree colleges & ITI college in the town. The medical facilities
are poor in the town with only one Primary Health Centre with the post of one doctor which is
currently vacant. At present only one nurse & a compounder is catering the total population of
town. PHC is having only 4 beds, while 10-15 patients come to PHC daily. However, there is a
hospital under construction with the capacity of 20 beds. In case of emergency patient referred to
Satna as there is no nearby hospital in and around Kotar. Kotar Nagar Parishad lacks in social
infrastructure especially parks and open spaces.
City Environment
1.9.1 Natural Hazards
Urban areas face a number of environmental challenges. The environmental challenges faced in the
urban areas are serious and have significant impact on the health, natural resources and socioeconomic performance. There is no data available for ambient air & quality of water.
1.9.2 Water Bodies
The surface as well as ground water of the city is contaminated. Water resources in the city are
polluted due to disposal of sewerage directly into the surface drains or surface water bodies. Ground
water contamination is essentially due to large no of septic tanks in use in the city.
Urban governance and Finance
It is important to structure and implement a programme to expose all levels of Nagar Parishad staff
to convince them of the need for change and hence need for relevant training and capacity building.
The programme should highlight challenges that the Nagar Parishad is likely to face in the near
future in terms of knowledge and skill gaps at different levels, demands of the reforms process,
functional devolution, etc.
The investment sustaining capacity of KNP is ascertained based on a financial operating plan (FOP),
which is essentially a 25-year forecast of Nagar Parishad income and expenditure, based on certain
trend-based and revenue enhancement assumptions. Similarly the investment phasing of control
investment is worked out and shown in investment phasing plan.
City Vision
Vision is the statement that reflects the long term view point of an individual or a community. The
outcome of present situation analysis along with Consultations and discussions held with various
stakeholders during the process of preparation of the city development plan are the basis for
formulating the vision for the city for 2035. It is also important to note that the overarching
objectives or vision for the entire exercise are to make Kotar a safe and sustainable city
The vision is stated below:

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


To develop Kotar in eco friendly manner along with inclusive development of food processing and
house hold Industries
City SWOT Analysis
A city level SWOT analysis has been done based on an assessment of the status of various sectors of
the city. These include the following.
Table 6: SWOT Analysis
Strengths

Weaknesses

The region/ District have good


potential of Agro-products. Kotar is
also having same potential.
Kotar is connected to regional
important cities and district center.
Land & labor is available at cheap
rate.
The source of water is available to
meet future demand like Itava River.
Development & Conservation of
Historic
Gadhi
for
tourism
development.

No supporting population for higher hierarchy of facilities in


Kotar
Encroachment along the all major nalla, roads & govt land.
All the drains are kucha, even existing pacca drains are also
choked due to dumping of solid waste and other such
waste.
Detailed layout drawings of drainage network are not
available, making future planning difficult.
No underground sewage system in city mostly people are
going for open defecation.
No awareness in people regarding sanitation.
Inefficient solid waste management system.
Encroachments on roads & pavements
Most of existing roads are narrow & in poor condition.
Informal establishment along roads reduces the effective
width of the carriageway for vehicular movement
No parking facilities in entire city.
Bad conditions of health institution (PHC) as no latest
techniques & doctors are available here.

Opportunities
Proximity to major cities.
Good potential for the city to be
developed as a transit point for
regional tourism.
Availability of private land for
development
of
upcoming
infrastructure.
MP Govt. release special fund for
Bundel
khand
Region
for
development of concern districts.

Threats
Higher level facilities & industries cannot be providing as no
supporting population in Kotar.
Private investors are not willing to invest in Kotar due to
feasibility problem.
Lack of market for manufacturing goods & initial investment
in Kotar

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Capital Investment
The projects derived based on the KNP estimates and aimed at ensuring optimal and efficient
utilization of existing infrastructure systems. The total estimated capital investment required for
providing efficient services to the population of KNP by the year 2035 is about Rs. 6269.48 Lakh. The
table below presents the summary of sector-wise investment requirements.
Table: - 1.13: Estimated investment in various sectors of Kotar
S.No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13

Sector

Total Investment (Lakh)

Economy, Trade & Commerce


Housing & Slums
Water Supply
Sewerage
Drainage
Solid Waste Management
Urban Transportation
Education
Health
Urban Environment
Heritage & Tourism
Urban Governance
Sub Total
Land Acquisition & Other Escalations @ 10%

TOTAL

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1130.00
601.00
604.06
277.50
305.00
135.67
2025.00
34.00
80.00
132.50
330.80
44.00
5699.53
569.95
6269.48

%
19.83
10.54
10.60
4.87
5.35
2.38
35.53
0.60
1.40
2.32
5.80
0.77
100.0

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Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Table of Content
1

PROJECT BACKGROUND ........................................................................................................................ 17

1.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 17

1.2

Aim and Objectives of the Study ............................................................................................................. 17

1.3

Coverage of the Study Area ..................................................................................................................... 18

1.4

Detailed Project Tasks ............................................................................................................................. 18

1.5

Approach ................................................................................................................................................. 19

1.6
Methodology ........................................................................................................................................... 19
2
INTRODUCTION TO KOTAR .................................................................................................................... 25
2.1

Introduction of District & TOwn ............................................................................................................. 25

2.2
Climate .................................................................................................................................................... 26
2.2.1
Rainfall ............................................................................................................................................ 26
2.2.2
Temperature ................................................................................................................................... 27
2.2.3
Humidity ......................................................................................................................................... 27
2.2.4
Wind Speed ..................................................................................................................................... 27
2.3
Physiographic Conditions ........................................................................................................................ 27
2.3.1
Flora and Fauna .............................................................................................................................. 27
2.4
Location and Connectivity....................................................................................................................... 27
2.4.1
Road Connectivity ........................................................................................................................... 27
2.4.2
Rail Connectivity ............................................................................................................................. 29
2.4.3
Air Connectivity............................................................................................................................... 29
2.5

Study Area ............................................................................................................................................... 29

2.6
Major Findings, Issues and Potentials ..................................................................................................... 29
3
DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE ........................................................................................................................ 29
3.1

Population ................................................................................................................................................ 30

3.2

Population Growth Trend ........................................................................................................................ 30

3.3

Schedule Caste & Schedule Tribe Population ......................................................................................... 31

3.4

Literacy .................................................................................................................................................... 32

3.5

Sex Ratio ................................................................................................................................................. 33

3.6

Population Projections ............................................................................................................................. 35

3.7
Summary of Findings .............................................................................................................................. 35
4
ECONOMIC PROFILE .............................................................................................................................. 36
4.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 36

4.2

Economic Base of City ............................................................................................................................ 36

4.3

Workforce Participation .......................................................................................................................... 36

4.4

Workforce Distribution ........................................................................................................................... 36

4.5

Workforce Distribution as Per Various Sectors ....................................................................................... 37

4.6
Industrial Scenario ................................................................................................................................... 37
4.6.1
Problems in Industrial Set up: ......................................................................................................... 38
4.7

Trade & Commerce ................................................................................................................................. 38

4.8

Swot Analysis .......................................................................................................................................... 39

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


4.9
Issues, Strategies & Potential Projects..................................................................................................... 40
5
URBAN GROWTH SCENARIO .................................................................................................................. 42
5.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 42

5.2
Urban Growth Scenario ........................................................................................................................... 42
5.2.1
Physical barrier in Development ..................................................................................................... 42
5.3

Density Pattern ........................................................................................................................................ 42

5.4
Landuse Assessment ................................................................................................................................ 42
5.4.1
Existing Land use Development ...................................................................................................... 43
5.4.2
Future growth direction- 2035 ....................................................................................................... 43
5.5

Urban Renewal ........................................................................................................................................ 44

5.6

Swot Analysis .......................................................................................................................................... 45

5.7
Summary of Findings .............................................................................................................................. 45
6
HOUSING ............................................................................................................................................... 46
6.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 46

6.2

Housing Stock ......................................................................................................................................... 46

6.3
Quality of Housing Structure ................................................................................................................... 47
6.3.1
Housing Conditions ......................................................................................................................... 47
6.3.2
Type of housing ............................................................................................................................... 48
6.4

Housing Demand ..................................................................................................................................... 48

6.5

Gap Assessment....................................................................................................................................... 49

6.6

Swot Analysis .......................................................................................................................................... 49

6.7
Issues, Strategies and Potential Projects .................................................................................................. 49
7
URBAN SERVICES ................................................................................................................................... 50
7.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 50

7.2
Water Supply ........................................................................................................................................... 50
7.2.1
Quantity & quality of water ............................................................................................................ 50
7.2.2
Other source of Water .................................................................................................................... 50
7.2.3
Net work Storage ............................................................................................................................ 51
7.2.4
Treatment facilities of water .......................................................................................................... 52
7.2.5
Ward wise analysis of Water supply ............................................................................................... 52
7.2.6
Water Demand ............................................................................................................................... 52
7.2.7
Gap Assessment and Future requirement ...................................................................................... 52
7.2.8
Future source of Water supply: ...................................................................................................... 53
7.3
Existing Drainage .................................................................................................................................... 54
7.3.1
Main Water Bodies ......................................................................................................................... 54
7.3.2
Slope ............................................................................................................................................... 55
7.3.3
Low lying areas of Kotar .................................................................................................................. 56
7.3.4
Strategies for Development ............................................................................................................ 56
7.3.5
Gap and Future Requirement Assessment ..................................................................................... 57
7.4
Sewerage System ..................................................................................................................................... 58
7.4.1
Existing condition of Sewage System .............................................................................................. 58
7.4.2
Ward wise analysis of Sewage system ............................................................................................ 58
7.4.3
Current Disposal system ................................................................................................................. 58
7.4.4
Estimation of Sewage Load ............................................................................................................. 58
7.4.5
Strategies ........................................................................................................................................ 59
7.5
Solid Waste Management ........................................................................................................................ 60
7.5.1
Existing System ............................................................................................................................... 60

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


7.5.2
7.5.3
7.5.4
7.5.5
7.5.6
7.5.7

Collection ........................................................................................................................................ 61
Storage ............................................................................................................................................ 61
Transportation ................................................................................................................................ 61
Disposal ........................................................................................................................................... 61
Gaps and future requirement assessment ..................................................................................... 61
Proposed Solid waste Management in KNP area............................................................................ 62

7.6
Street Lighting ......................................................................................................................................... 62
7.6.1
Existing Situation ............................................................................................................................ 62
7.7
Urban Transport....................................................................................................................................... 63
7.7.1
Road Network ................................................................................................................................. 63
7.7.2
Parking Facilities ............................................................................................................................. 65
7.7.3
Intercity Bus transport .................................................................................................................... 65
7.7.4
Potential Projects & future requirements for year 2035 ................................................................ 65
7.8
Social Infrastructure ................................................................................................................................ 66
7.8.1
Medical facilities ............................................................................................................................. 66
7.8.2
Educational facilities ....................................................................................................................... 66
7.8.3
Entertainment ................................................................................................................................. 67
7.8.4
Other Facilities ................................................................................................................................ 67
7.8.5
Demand & Gap Analysis.................................................................................................................. 67
7.9
Swot Analysis .......................................................................................................................................... 69
8
HERITAGE AND CONSERVATION ............................................................................................................ 70
8.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 70

8.2

Local Tourist & Heritage Sites ................................................................................................................ 70

8.3

Regional Tourists Destinations: ............................................................................................................. 70

8.4

Existing Regulations/ Heritage Guidelines at the ULB and State Level ................................................. 73

8.5
Issues and Potentials ................................................................................................................................ 73
9
SLUM ..................................................................................................................................................... 74
9.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 74

9.2

Present Slum Scenario ............................................................................................................................. 75

9.3
State of Physical Infrastructure in Slums ................................................................................................. 75
9.3.1
Road & Street Lighting .................................................................................................................... 75
9.3.2
Water Supply .................................................................................................................................. 75
9.3.3
Sewerage & Sanitation in Slums ..................................................................................................... 76
9.3.4
Storm Water Management in Slums .............................................................................................. 76
9.3.5
Solid Waste Management in Slums ................................................................................................ 76
9.4
Status of Social Infrastructure ................................................................................................................. 76
9.4.1
Educational Facilities ...................................................................................................................... 76
9.4.2
Health Care Facilities ...................................................................................................................... 76
10 URBAN ENVIRONMENT ......................................................................................................................... 78
10.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 78

10.2

Environmental Sustainability .................................................................................................................. 78

10.3
Climate .................................................................................................................................................... 78
10.3.1
Rainfall ............................................................................................................................................ 78
10.3.2
Wind Direction ................................................................................................................................ 78
10.3.3
Temperature ................................................................................................................................... 78
10.3.4
Humidity ......................................................................................................................................... 79
10.3.5
Wind Speed ..................................................................................................................................... 79
10.4

Physiographic Conditions ........................................................................................................................ 79

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


10.4.1
10.4.2

Topography ..................................................................................................................................... 79
Lakes and Water Bodies .................................................................................................................. 79

10.5
Environmental Base Line Study .............................................................................................................. 80
10.5.1
Air Quality ....................................................................................................................................... 80
10.5.2
Water Quality.................................................................................................................................. 80
10.6
Disaster Management Plan ...................................................................................................................... 80
10.6.1
Fire .................................................................................................................................................. 81
10.6.2
Flood ............................................................................................................................................... 81
10.7
Environmental Issues ............................................................................................................................... 81
10.7.1
Air pollution .................................................................................................................................... 81
10.7.2
Land Pollution ................................................................................................................................. 81
10.7.3
Water Pollution ............................................................................................................................... 82
10.8
Issues, Strategies & Potentials ................................................................................................................. 82
11 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK & URBAN FINANCE................................................................................. 84
11.1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 84
th
11.1.1
74 Constitutional Amendment ..................................................................................................... 84
11.1.2
Structural ........................................................................................................................................ 84
11.2
Governing Structure of Kotar Nagar Parishad ......................................................................................... 84
11.2.1
Elected Wing ................................................................................................................................... 84
11.3

Institutional Arrangement of Kotar ......................................................................................................... 84

11.4
Institutions Involved In Urban Development .......................................................................................... 85
11.4.1
Kotar Nagar Parishad ...................................................................................................................... 85
11.4.2
Municipal Finance ........................................................................................................................... 86
11.5
Issues & Potentials .................................................................................................................................. 88
11.5.1
Stakeholder Responsibilities ........................................................................................................... 88
12 STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS ........................................................................................................... 90
12.1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 90

12.2

Steering Committee ................................................................................................................................. 90

12.3

Pre Workshop Consultations & Data Collection ..................................................................................... 90

12.4
first kickoff Workshop ............................................................................................................................ 92
12.4.1
Kickoff Workshop Proceedings ....................................................................................................... 94
12.5

Second kickoff Workshop ....................................................................................................................... 95

12.6
third Workshop ........................................................................................................................................ 97
13 CITY VISION, SECTORAL GOALS .............................................................................................................. 98
13.1

City Vision .............................................................................................................................................. 98

13.2
Sector Goals ............................................................................................................................................ 98
14 CITY INVESTMENT PLAN ...................................................................................................................... 100
14.1

Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 100

14.2

Summary of City Investment Kotar Nagar Parishad .......................................................................... 100

14.3
Sector Wise Investment ......................................................................................................................... 101
14.3.1
Water Supply ................................................................................................................................ 101
14.3.2
Sewerage ...................................................................................................................................... 102
14.3.3
Drainage ........................................................................................................................................ 102
14.3.4
Solid Waste Management............................................................................................................. 102
14.3.5
Urban Transportation ................................................................................................................... 103
14.3.6
Education ...................................................................................................................................... 103

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14.3.7
14.3.8
14.3.9
14.3.10
14.3.11
14.3.12
14.4

Health ........................................................................................................................................... 103


Housing & Slums ........................................................................................................................... 104
Urban Environment ...................................................................................................................... 104
Heritage & Tourism ....................................................................................................................... 104
Economy Trade and commerce .................................................................................................... 105
Urban Governance ........................................................................................................................ 105

Sector Wise Phasing of Financial Investments ...................................................................................... 105

14.5
FINANCIAL OPERATING PLAN ....................................................................................................... 106
14.5.1
BACKGROUND-Basis of Prioritization ........................................................................................... 106
14.5.2
Investment Requirements ............................................................................................................ 107
14.5.3
Sector-wise Investment Requirements ......................................................................................... 107
14.5.4
Funding Assistance ....................................................................................................................... 108
14.5.5
PPP Funding: ................................................................................................................................. 109
14.5.6
International Donor ...................................................................................................................... 110
14.5.7
Formation Project Management Unit and SPVs ........................................................................... 110
14.6
14.6 Financial Operating Plan of Kotar ................................................................................................. 110
14.6.1
FOP Scenarios ............................................................................................................................... 111
14.6.2
Alternate Scenarios ....................................................................................................................... 112
14.6.3
Analysis of Accounting, Budgeting and MIS with a View to Identify Weaknesses ....................... 113
14.7

14.7 Institutional Framework ................................................................................................................ 113

14.8
14.8 Issues ............................................................................................................................................. 113
15 ANNEXURE .......................................................................................................................................... 114

Lists of Tables
Table 1-1 Study Area Coverage ............................................................................................................. 18
Table 2-1: Administrative Status of Kotar ............................................................................................ 25
Table 2-2: Distance from major cities/town ......................................................................................... 28
Table 2-3: Study Area ............................................................................................................................ 29
Table 3-1: Comparative Assessment of Urban Population ................................................................... 30
Table 3-2 Kotar Nagar Parishad Population Growth............................................................................. 30
Table 3-3 Comparative Urban Literacy Rate ......................................................................................... 32
Table 3-4: Comparative Urban Sex Ratio: 2001 .................................................................................... 33
Table 3-5 Population Projections for Kotar Nagar Parishad ................................................................. 35
Table 4-1 Comparative Urban Work Force Participation Rate ............................................................. 36
Table 4-2: Economic Bases and Occupational Pattern of Kotar ........................................................... 37
Table 4-3: Small scale industries in Kotar ............................................................................................. 37
Table 5-1 Land use Distribution ............................................................................................................ 43
Table 6-1: Comparative Household Size ............................................................................................... 46
Table 6-2: Type of Housing in Kotar ...................................................................................................... 48
Table 6-3 Housing Demand ................................................................................................................... 48
Table 7-1 Status of Water Supply in Kotar Nagar Parishad .................................................................. 50
Table 7-2: Source of water other than piped supply ............................................................................ 50
Table 7-3: Capacity of pump house in Kotar Nagar Parishad ............................................................... 51
Table 7-4: Projected Water Requirement for KNP ............................................................................... 52
Table 7-5: Condition of drains............................................................................................................... 54
Table 7-6: List of Major Water Bodies in Kotar Town ........................................................................... 54
Table 7-7: Future Sewage Generation in KNP area .............................................................................. 58

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Table 7-8: Condition of street lights in Kotar ........................................................................................ 62
Table 7-9: Details of Street lights in Kotar ............................................................................................ 62
Table 7-10: Conditions of roads in KNP ................................................................................................ 64
Table 7-11 Health Facilities in Kotar ..................................................................................................... 66
Table 7-12: Education institutes of Kotar town .................................................................................... 66
Table 7-13: Demand & Gap analysis for Education facilities ................................................................ 68
Table 7-14: Demand & Gap analysis for Health facilities ...................................................................... 68
Table 7-15: Demand & Gap analysis for other facilities ....................................................................... 68
Table 9-1 Existing Status of Slums in Kotar Nagar Parishad.................................................................. 75
Table 10-1 List of Major Water Bodies in Kotar Town .......................................................................... 79
Table 11-1 Stakeholder Responsibilities ............................................................................................... 85
Table 11-2 Summary of Revenue and Expenditure Sources ................................................................. 87
Table 11-3 Income Profile of Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2008-10.............................................................. 87
Table 11-6 Suggested Stakeholder Responsibilities.............................................................................. 88
Table 13-1: Analysis of investment in various sectors of Kotar .......................................................... 101
Table 13-2 Year Wise phasing of City Investment Plan ...................................................................... 106
Table 13-3: Capital Requirement for Next 25 years ........................................................................... 107
Table 13-4: Total investment in different sectors in phase I .............................................................. 108
Table 13-5: Funding Pattern of CDP by State Government and PPP .................................................. 109
Table 14-6: Business as Usual Scenario - KNPs Income and Expenditure.......................................... 111
Table 14-7: Institutional Framework .................................................................................................. 113

Lists of Figures
Figure 1-1: Methodology ...................................................................................................................... 21
Figure 2-1: Site Location - Kotar............................................................................................................ 26
Figure 2-2: Physiography of Kotar......................................................................................................... 27
Figure 3-1: Decadal growth of Population ............................................................................................ 31
Figure 3-2: Decadal Growth rate of Population .................................................................................... 31
Figure 3-3: Ward wise population......................................................................................................... 31
Figure 3-4: SC/ST Population as per 2001 census. ................................................................................ 32
Figure 3-5: Comparative Literacy rate, 2011 census............................................................................. 32
Figure 3-6: Ward wise literate Population in Kotar, 2011 .................................................................... 33
Figure 3-7: Comparative Urban Sex Ratio, 2001 ................................................................................... 34
Figure 3-8: Comparative Urban Sex Ratio ............................................................................................. 34
Figure 4-1: Occupational Structure of Kotar, 2001 ............................................................................... 36
Figure 5-1: Physical barrier in the growth of Town .............................................................................. 42
Figure 5-2: Land use distribution of Kotar ............................................................................................ 43
Figure 5-3: Urban Growth Scenario of Kotar, 2012 .............................................................................. 44
Figure 6-1: Ward wise House hold population of Kotar; 2011 ............................................................. 46
Figure 6-2: Spatial distribution of House hold in Kotar......................................................................... 47
Figure 6-3: Present housing condition in Kotar, Source: Stakeholder consultation, 2012 ................... 47
Figure 6-4: Housing Condition in Kotar ................................................................................................. 48
Figure 7-1: Sources of Water supply ..................................................................................................... 51

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Figure 7-2: Ward wise water supply in Kotar........................................................................................ 52
Figure 7-3: Existing condition of drains................................................................................................ 54
Figure 7-4: Existing water bodies in Kotar ............................................................................................ 55
Figure 7-5: Slope of Town ..................................................................................................................... 55
Figure 7-6: Low lying areas of Kotar ..................................................................................................... 56
Figure 7-7: Open Dumping of Solid Waste............................................................................................ 60
Figure 7-8: Hath thela used for solid waste collection ......................................................................... 61
Figure 7-9: Existing Condition of roads ................................................................................................. 64
Figure 7-10: Primary Health Care Centre .............................................................................................. 66
Figure 7-11: Educational facilities in Kotar, 2012 ................................................................................. 67
Figure 7-12: Other facilities of town ..................................................................................................... 67
Figure 8-1: Tourist Destination & Circuits in Madhya Pradesh ............................................................. 71
Figure 8-2 Regional tourists destinations around Satna, Source: CDP, Satna ..................................... 71
Figure 9-1: Slum condition of Kotar town ............................................................................................. 74
Figure 10-1 Location of water bodies- Kotar ........................................................................................ 79
Figure 11-1 Organization Structure for Kotar Nagar Parishad .............................................................. 86
Figure 11-2 Structure of Kotar Nagar Parishad Finances ...................................................................... 86
Figure 11-1: Pre Workshop consultation with residents ...................................................................... 91
Figure 11-2: Pre Workshop consultation with CMO, Kotar .................................................................. 91
Figure 11-3: Pre workshop consultation with CMO & Staff Member ................................................... 91
Figure 11-4: Consultation & Updating the Council Map with Chairman .............................................. 91
Figure 11-5: Consultation with the member of Anganwadi Workers & staff of Nagar Parishad ......... 91
Figure 11-6: Consultation with Slum dwellers ...................................................................................... 91
Figure 11-7: Consultation with Principal of Govt. School ..................................................................... 92
Figure 11-8: Consultation with residents, Kotar ................................................................................... 92
Figure 11-9: Consultation with residents about Historic Garhi ............................................................ 92
Figure 11-10: Consultation regarding Gadhi ......................................................................................... 92
Figure 11-11: Presentation By Mr. Binesh Kr. Nirman, Project Manager ,SGS Infotech ...................... 93
Figure 11-12: Welcome address by Mr. J.K.Tiwari, C.M.O Kotar .......................................................... 93
Figure 11-13: Presentation by Mr. Binesh Kr Nirman, SGS Infotech Pvt. ltd. Gurgaon ........................ 95
Figure 11-14: Welcome address by Mr. J.K.Tiwari, C.M.O Kotar .......................................................... 95
Figure 11-15: Mr. Suresh Pyassi, Dept Chairman.................................................................................. 96

Abbreviation
@
ATM
BPL
BRGF
BSUP
CAS
CBO
CDP

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

At the rate
Automated Teller Machine
Below Poverty Line
Backward Region Grant Fund
Basic Services for Poor
Condition assessment Survey
Central Business District
City Development Plan

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CI
CIP
CLSG
CMO
CNG
DCCB
DFID
DMP
DPC
DU
FOP
Ft
GIS
Go MP
GoI
GOs
GPH
GPS
HH
HIG
HP
Hr
ICDS
IHSDP
ITI
JNNURM
Km
KNP
KV
LIG
LPCD
LPG
M.P
NP
MDR
MIG
MLA
MLD
MM
MPHB
MPSEB
NFAC
NGO
NH

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Cast Iron
Capital Investment Plan
City Level Steering Group
Chief Municipal Officer
Compressed Natural gas
District Co-Operative Central Bank
Department for International Development
Disaster Management Plan
District Planning Committee
Dwelling Units
Financial Operating Plan
Feet
Geographical Information System
Government of Madhya Pradesh
Government of India
Government Organization
Gallon Per Hours
Global Positioning System
Household
High Income Group
Horse Power
Hours
Integrated Child Development Services
Integrated Housing and Slum Development Program
Industrial Training Institute
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission
Kilometer
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kilo Watt
Low Income Group
Liter per capita per day
Liquefied Petroleum Gas
Madhya Pradesh
Nagar Parishad
Major District Road
Middle Income Group
Member of Legislative Assembly
Million Liters per Day
Mile Miter
Madhya Pradesh Housing Board
Madhya Pradesh State Electricity Board
National Fire Advisory Committee
Non-Governmental Organization
National Highway

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NHAI
NP
O&M
OHT
PG
PHED
PHED
PPP
PWD
RAY
RFP
RKVY
S.C
S.T
SE
SH
SMC

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

SPCB
SSA
STP
SWM
SWMP
SWOT
ToR
UADD
UDPFI
UIDSSMT
UK
ULB
UNEGM
UNESCO
WFPR

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

National Highway Authority of India


Nagar Parishad
Operation and Maintenance
Over Heard Tank
Post Graduate
Public Health Engineering Department
Public Health & Engineering Department
Public Private Partnership
Public Works Department
Rajiv Awas Yojana
Request for Proposal
Rashtriya Krishi Vikash Yojana
Schedule Caste
Schedule Tribes
Sub Engineer
State Highway
State Monitoring Committee

State Pollution Control Board


Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
Sewerage Treatment Plant
Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste Management Plan
Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat
Terms of Reference
Urban Administration and Development Department
Urban Development Plan, Formulation & Implementation
Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns
United Kingdom
Urban Local Bodies
United Nation Expert Group meeting
: United Nations Educational Scientific & Cultural Organization
: Work Force Participation Rate

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1 Project Background
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Urban centers of Madhya Pradesh State face the challenge of meeting the requirements of the
growing population with limited resources. To cope up with increasing challenges that have emerged
as a result of rapid urban growth, it is imperative to illustrate a coherent vision and strategy for
implementation of projects aimed towards achieving the outlined vision. M.P Government in
association with Urban Local Bodies have initiated a number of programmes and schemes to meet
the growing needs of physical and social infrastructure in urban areas. The programme is funded
through a grant from the Department for International Development, Govt. of U.K. This programme
will support the overall goal of sustainable poverty reduction and economic growth in Madhya
Pradesh.
City Development Plan is prepared by SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd. The primary aim of City Development
Plan is to formulate strategies as well as a City Investment Plan (CIP), & Finance Operating Plan
based on which KNP will be able to access funds under GoI schemes as well as from other sources.
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) is a massive city modernization
scheme launched by the Government of India (GoI) under Ministry of Urban Development. It
envisages a total investment of over $20 billion over seven years. The scheme was officially
inaugurated in December 2005 and the objective of the program is to improve the quality of life and
infrastructure in the cities.
JNNURM is a huge mission which relates primarily to development in the context of urban
conglomerates focusing to the Indian cities. JNNURM aims at creating economically productive,
efficient, equitable and responsive Cities by a strategy of upgrading the social and economic
infrastructure in cities, provision of Basic Services to Urban Poor (BSUP) and wide-ranging urban
sector reforms to strengthen municipal governance.
Government of India and Government of Madhya Pradesh initiated the Urban Infrastructure
Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum
Development Programme (IHSDP), which links reform with investment in infrastructure for the poor.
For planned urban growth and development, Urban Administration and Development Department
(UADD), GoMP has taken the initiative to prepare the City Development Plan of Kotar. The primary
aim of the project is to formulate strategies as well as a City Investment Plan (CIP), based on which
Kotar Nagar Parishad will be able to access funds under GoI schemes as well as from other sources.
To attain the said objectives, UADD has appointed SGS Infotech as a consultant.

1.2 AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY


As outlined in the ToR, the aim of the study was to prepare a City Development Plan1, through which
a strategic framework for city development actions in the medium term has been evolved and

A City Development Plan (CDP) is both a perspective and a vision for the future development of a city. It
addresses four prime questions Where are we now? Where do we want to go? What do we need to address
on a priority basis? What interventions do we make in order to attain the vision? (JNNURM Toolkit 2)

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna


prepared, guided by a shared and collective vision, and aimed at delivering sustainable economic
development and poverty reduction.
Specific Objectives were:
1. Scaling up of existing urban development and poverty alleviation schemes within a
comprehensive and coherent strategic planning framework in order to ensure optimal benefit
from available resources for the citizens of Kotar.
2. The vision and strategic thrust was based on rigorous stakeholder consultation and
documentation process.
3. Preparation of strategic framework for Annual Action Plans for reform and service delivery to
the poor.
4. Identification of Projects and sources of funding.
5. CDP will serve the requirements of the UIDSSMT and IHSDP like schemes.

1.3 COVERAGE OF THE STUDY AREA


The City Development Plan will be formulated for Kotar Nagar Parishad area which is 17 Sq. km.
Table 1-1 Study Area Coverage
S .No
1

Name of Town

Area (Ha)

Area (Sq. Km)

No of Wards

Kotar

1700

17

15

Source: Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012

1.4 DETAILED PROJECT TASKS


The study involved following initiatives:
Preparation of CDP not only followed the guidelines of JNNURM but also took into account the
requirement of other urban development initiatives.

Kick Off Workshop to sensitize the stakeholders about the CDP initiatives

Familiarization with the city and its status in terms of growth, economic development,
institutional framework, infrastructure, urban basic services etc

Identification of data required for the study

Mapping of data sources and collection of data

Identification of key stakeholder agencies & their financial assessment

Understanding the perception and priorities for city development through rigorous discussions
with stakeholder agencies

In-depth analysis of secondary data collected

Formulation of strategies and vision for city development in consultation with various
stakeholders and stakeholder agencies

Preparation of CDP along with preliminary financial operating plan and project cash flows for
various projects identified

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

1.5 APPROACH
The approach for the assignment is:

To use participatory approach, wherein stakeholder consultations and workshops would be


carried out across a wide section of society. This would develop strategies and action plan that
shall be presented to the key stakeholder agencies through consultation workshops, further
their consent and ownership for the plan would be sought. Their comments would be
incorporated to finalize the vision document and plan.

To design the city development plan for the horizon period of 25 years.

To identify interventions to eliminate or mitigate the impacts of the critical areas of the Town.
However, focus will be pivoted to slum up-gradation, environmental sustainability, urban
transport, heritage, tourism and economy.

To up-scale the existing urban development projects.

To maximize utilization of inherent potential to develop infrastructure and economy to attract


private investment. This will be achieved through detailed sector analysis.

To develop initiatives in line with the urban development policies of the Centre and the State
Government.

To achieve the underlining principle of the 74th Constitutional Amendment Act and the
functions outlined in the 12th Schedule.

To identify intervention areas to build up the financial strength of the Citys institutional
arrangement.

1.6 METHODOLOGY
Preparation of CDP was divided into five stages. The detailed step wise methodology has been
highlighted in the following section:
Phase I: Inception Stage
The purpose of this stage was to review and analyze the current status and unique features of the
city with regard to the state of its development, systems and procedures, as equally as its
institutional and financial context. This stage involved the following activities:

Activity 1: Preliminary Meeting, Data Collection and Review

Task 1: Preliminary Meeting


The assignment commenced with the preliminary meeting with the officials of KNP to understand
their requirements from this assignment. Following activities were undertaken

Introductory meeting with the CMO, Chairman, Heads of Departments, Councilors,


representatives of ongoing urban programmes, etc.

Identification of line departments and key stakeholders for urban service delivery and
development such as PHED, Local Chamber of Commerce, NGOs, CBOs, etc.

Preliminary list of key stakeholders that need to be involved in the planning process, etc. was
prepared.

Base Maps (Satellite images & photographs) were procured.

Task 2: Reconnaissance Survey and data collection

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Introductory meeting with the key stakeholders and procurement of base maps were done which
was followed by reconnaissance survey and initial data collection process. Data collection was
carried out using the data checklist and survey format. Following activities were taken up:

Field reconnaissance was conducted to determine growth patterns of the city, characteristics of
the slums and environmentally sensitive areas etc.

Obtained base maps and available secondary data on the citys demographics, reports prepared
under past and current urban development programmes, KNP annual budget reports, other
KNP reports giving status of service delivery and other relevant documents on heritage listing,
data on slums and urban poor, government policy documents, etc.

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PHASE I

INCEPTION STAGE

Preliminary Analysis

Kick off Meeting

1.
2.
3.
4.

Data Collection

Location and Linkages


City Infrastructure
Environment
Urban Governance and Finance

Stakeholder Profile

Stakeholder Consultation
Kickoff Workshop I

Special
Papers

SWOT Analysis

PHASE III

PHASE II

COMMENCEMENT OF NEXT PHASE


SECTOR
ASSESSMENT &
CITY PROFILE

Development of
city vision and
sector goals and
strategies

Detailed Sector Analysis


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

City Economy and Social Development


Physical Planning and Growth Management
Urban Environment
Urban Poverty
Housing and Slums
Institutional Setup and Urban Governance
Municipal Finance
Urban Infrastructure and Services
Heritage and Tourism
Road and Transport Infrastructure

Bench Mark Study

Data Collection

Stakeholder
Consultation

Issue/Proble
ms/Potential

Literature Review

Stakeholder Consultation
Workshop II

Stakeholder
Consultation

Prioritization of Issues

PHASE IV

Setting of Vision, Goals and Strategies

Development of
strategies and
priority actions

Evaluation of Strategies
Stakeholder Workshop III

PHASE V

Prioritizing Strategies and Actions


Preparing a City
Investment Plan
(CIP), financing
strategy and CDP

Stakeholder
Consultation

Listing of
Projects

Capital Investment Plan (CIP)


Preliminary Financial Operating Plan
Fourth Workshop

Stakeholder
Consultation

FINAL CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN

Figure 1-1: Methodology

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Activity 2: Stakeholder consultation and Kick off Workshop

Task 3: Pre-workshop stakeholder consultation and formation of CLSG


At this stage, a comprehensive list of stakeholders was prepared. These groups were categorized as
primary and secondary stakeholders. Sample of stakeholders were selected for preliminary
consultation. Discussions were carried out through structured questionnaires. On the basis of the
stakeholder list and preliminary consultation, the members of City Level Steering Group (CLSG) were
identified. The CLSG was finalized after discussions with KNP.
Task 4: Kick-off workshop
SGS Infotech with KNP support organized a one day kick-off workshop to familiarize the stakeholders
with the purpose, process and expected outcomes of the CDP and strived to generate enthusiasm,
understanding and commitment to the CDP. In the workshop the CLSG was launched. The method
used include the following

Invitation to different stakeholders identified in the preceding section. Invitations were sent
from the office of the Chief Municipal Officer and the Chairman. The invitation defined the
CDPs objectives and also included a questionnaire and workshop schedule.

SGS Infotech representatives personally invited the key dignitaries to ensure their participation

On the workshop date, the following activities were carried out:

Presentation by the SGS Infotech about the CDP

Issues were identified by the Stakeholders

Group discussions were conducted to identify present scenario, issues and possible solutions by
the participants
On the basis of pre work shop consultation and workshop discussion, key areas were listed and focus
areas were identified for the preparation of the special papers.

Activity 3: Preliminary Situational Analysis

Task 3: Preliminary Situational Analysis


Preliminary analysis was done based on secondary data collection, stakeholder consultations and
kick-off workshop. The analysis and assessment includes:

Regional Setting, Administrative Boundary, Demography, Economy, Urban Growth, Land use
change, physical environment etc

Urban Basic Services: water supply, sanitation, municipal solid waste, drainage, roads/urban
transport, urban environment, health and education, fire services, etc.

Institutional Arrangements of key stakeholders and their roles & responsibilities in city planning
with reference to delivery and management of urban basic services

Financial framework of key stakeholder agencies involved in service delivery and O&M.
Deliverables: Base Map, Workshop Proceedings, Inception Report, Key areas for Special Papers
Phase II: Sectoral assessment and City Profile
Activity 4: Sectoral Assessment and City Profile
In this stage a detailed analysis has been carried out for key sectors - infrastructure, housing,
environment, economy, governance, finance etc. Besides, special focus will be given to the following
five sectors:

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Study of economic opportunity and potential for regional economic development, with special
reference to the poor.

Transport study with emphasis on low cost public transport and livelihoods

Heritage conservation and tourism

Environmental sustainability

Access to housing, employment and social and environmental services by the poor
To undertake the study, SGS Infotech interacted with various stakeholder groups (meetings,
workshops, focus group discussions, etc.) and reviewed relevant reports, resolutions, procedures,
laws etc. to analyse the current situation in each of the key sectors.
The findings from the sector analysis has been used to prepare the City Profile consisting of the
assessment of the existing situation in all the sectors identified, emerging issues, SWOT analysis and
projections of the present gaps and future requirements.
Deliverables: City Profile and Sector Assessment Report
Phase III: Development of city vision and sector goals and strategies

Activity 5 : Benchmark study

At this stage benchmark study has been done to list best practices for urban development. Best
practice study was prepared for all the sectors i.e. infrastructure development, urban reform,
environment improvement etc. The study helped in strategy building process.

Activity 6: Pre-workshop Stakeholder Consultation

Sector assessment completed in the last stage discussed with different stakeholders at individual
level or in groups. Stakeholder consultations carried out with following groups:
Table 1.2: Stakeholder consultations

Stakeholder
Residents
Slums
Community Leaders
Government Departments
Trade Associations
Educational Institutions
Doctors

Sample Size/ Nos

Technique

10
2
5
All relevant departments
2
1

Group Discussions representing each ward


Group discussions in sample pockets
Individual Consultations
Individual Consultations
Group discussions
Individual Consultations

Source: SGS Infotech Primary Survey, 2011-12


Discussion for stakeholders consultations was initiated on strategies, priorities and major actions
that might be required to move towards the vision. Findings from the consultation process was
further substantiated the Sector assessment and analysis.
The data derived from the survey and stakeholder consultations especially in the case of Slum
pockets and residential areas was analyzed using appropriate statistical techniques. The data
collected was varied as per location and similarly priorities were also varied thus keeping that in
consideration the Weighted Index method was adopted. To obtain priority based output in a logical
manner for the data obtained, scaling was done to eliminate the bias in the data derived. Further
weight age assigned to the indicators wherein the output of the data analyzed gave location wise
priority issues that further helped to identify projects location wise.

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

Activity 7: Workshop II on Vision, Sectoral goals and Strategies

A city level workshop was organised where city perspective and city priorities was presented. The
objective of the workshop was from working groups to discuss the key issues identified in the
proceeding stages. The workshop was divided into different session as per the issues.
Deliverable: The expected output of the workshop was to finalise city vision, sector goals and
possible alternate strategies and some actions and projects.

Activity 8: Identification and detailing of projects

On the basis of the consultants understanding of the best practices, issues identified, prospective
growth scenario and strategies suggested; projects were identified.
Phase IV: Development of strategies and priority actions

Activity 9: Evaluation of strategies/ projects

Strategies were evaluated from perspective of their contribution to achieving vision & sector goals.

Activity 10: Workshop III on prioritization of projects

A city level workshop was organised where strategies and projects were presented. The objective of
the workshop was to form working groups to discuss the viability of the projects. The workshop was
divided into different sessions as per the priority projects.
Deliverable: The output of this phase was an agreed plan outlining the goals, strategies, priority
actions and projects with an estimate of preliminary funding requirements in each sector.
Phase V: Preparing a Capital Investment Plan (CIP), financing strategy and CDP

Activity 11: Preparation of Draft CDP

Last stage of the CDP was to formulate the Capital Investment Plan (CIP) and Financial Operating
Plan (FOP). CIP laid out the cost and revenue estimates of all the priority projects in the next twenty
five years. The preparation of the CIP was a reiterative process requiring adjustments to individual
projects as well as changes in scheduling to make the whole package financially viable. Also The
Consultant has to determine, types and sources of financing for priority projects that is from
internal resources, state and central governments, local financial institutions, donors & through
public-private partnerships.

Activity 12: Fourth workshop on Draft CDP

The Consultant with the support of KNP organized fourth workshop involving all the stakeholders,
who have been part of the CDP preparation process. The workshop sought an endorsement of the
City Development Plan from the stakeholder group, presented and agreed on procedures for
performance monitoring.

Activity 13: Finalization of Draft CDP

The suggestions and comments were incorporated in the CDP which subsequently finalized and
further submitted to the KNP.

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City Development Plan 2035 - Kotar, Satna

2 INTRODUCTION TO KOTAR
2.1 INTRODUCTION OF DISTRICT & TOWN
Kotar is a town & a Nagar Parishad in Satna district of Madhya Pradesh. Satna is a border city of the
state and is touched by the borders of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Satna is known as cement city, as it
lies in lime stone belt of India and contribute 8-9% of India`s total cement production.
Kotar is located on 24 72 N latitude and 80 98 E longitudes. A mini forte (Garhi) was constructed
by Raja Bhav singh of Rewa state in 1675 at Kotar. He was a devotee of Lord Jagannath of Puri. He
brought statues from Puri and installed them at Rewa, Mukundpur and Kotar.
Table 2-1: Administrative Status of Kotar
Sr. No

Division

District

Sub-Division

No. of Tehsils

No of Villages

1.
Sidhi

2.
3.

Rewa

4.
5.

Satna

6.

Nagod

7.
8.
9.

1. Satna

Rampur Baghelan

2. Nagod

Rewa

Amarpatan
Satna

3. Rampur
Baghelan

10.

4. Amarpatan

11.

5. Maihar

12.

6. Majhgawan

Kotar
Birsinghpur
Maihar
Majhgawan

13.

Ramnagar

14.

Uchehra

15.

Kotar

Singaroli

Source: satna.nic.in, 2012 & Kotar Nagar Parishad

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Figure 2-1: Site Location - Kotar

Earlier Kotar is a Gram Panchayat & now formulate as Nagar Parishad in July, 2011. The total area of
the town is 17 Sq km or 1700 Hect. (Refer Map no. 1 & 2)

2.2 CLIMATE
Climate plays a vital role in determining the landforms and the productivity of ecosystems. Rainfall,
temperature and winds are the principal climatic factors that significantly shape the physical setup in
this area. Kotar has subtropical climate characterized by hot summer, wet monsoon and dry winter.

2.2.1 Rainfall
The monsoon season is during June to September with an average annual rainfall of around 822.6
mm. Satna district receives its rainfall from the precipitation of the Arabian Sea monsoon. June to
mid October is the time when most of the rainfall is received. Satna district lies in the category of
high rainfall in Madhya Pradesh State as Satna receive rainfall in the range of 1100 mm to 2200 mm.

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2.2.2 Temperature
The average maximum temperature recorded during the month of May is 45oC, and minimum during
the month of December is 4oC. The average annual mean maximum and minimum temperatures of
Satna District are 32.2oC and 19.1oC respectively.

2.2.3 Humidity
The relative humidity generally exceeds 87% during the monsoon season in the month of August.
Relative humidity decreases during non-monsoon season. In summer season, relative humidity is
less than 36 %. May is the driest month of the year.

2.2.4 Wind Speed


Maximum wind velocity of 6.8 Km/hr is observed during the month of June and minimum 2.3 Km/hr
is recorded during the month of November. Average annual wind velocity of region is 4.3 Km/hr.

2.3 PHYSIOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS


Kotar has underlying basalt & laterite. The soils are ferruginous & clayey. Town is having mix
physiography i.e. Plateau & plains. Most of area of Kotar city comes under plains & agricultural land.

2.3.1 Flora and Fauna


Temperate climate and equitable distribution of rain make Kotar an ideal for dense vegetation cover.

2.4 LOCATION AND CONNECTIVITY


2.4.1 Road Connectivity

Figure 2-2: Physiography of Kotar

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Location & Connectivity plays an important role in the growth and development of any settlement. It
enhances the linkages of the town with other settlements and it also improves the connectivity
within the town. This section covers the scenario of traffic and transpiration sector and related
problems and issues. Kotar is at a distance of 25 Km from Satna and 95 Km from Panna.
Table 2-2: Distance from major cities/town
S. No

Towns/ Cities

Distance From Kotar(Km)

Birsinghpur

12

Madhogarh

19

Semaria

20

Kothi

21

Satna

25

Khajuraho

150

Amarpatan

46

Rewa

53

Maihar

62

10

Chitarkut

72

11

Panna

95

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S. No

Towns/ Cities

Distance From Kotar(Km)

12

Gwalior

327

13

Bhopal

399

14

Ujjain

576

Source: http://www.timeanddate.com, Stakeholder Consultation, 2011-12

2.4.2 Rail Connectivity


Kotar is 25 Km from Satna, which is an important railway junction of South Eastern Central Railway.

2.4.3 Air Connectivity


The nearest airport to Kotar is Khajuraho which is 150 Km from Kotar & Jabalpur which is 220 Km
away from Kotar. Satna has its own air strip but not in use for regular flights.

2.5 STUDY AREA


City Development Plan will be prepare for Kotar Nagar Parishad area which is 17 Sq. km. (Refer map
no. 1 & 2)
Table 2-3: Study Area
Sr. No.
1

Name of Town
Kotar Nagar Parishad

Area (Ha)

Area (Sq. Km)

No of wards

1700

17

15

Source: Nagar Parishad Kotar, 2012

2.6 MAJOR FINDINGS, ISSUES AND POTENTIALS


Major Findings

Major Issues & Potentials

Kotar is well connected to all major Improvement of roads can encourage development of
towns and cities through roads.
Kotar town & upcoming infrastructure & industries.
Kotar is not having any direct rail Kotar is located near Satna, which provide linkages,
connection. For railway it depends on employment, Education & market for agricultural
Santas rail system.
products of Kotar.

3 DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE
Demographic profile of the area in terms of the population, growth rate, population density, literacy
rate etc. helps in determining the social as well as the economic character of the area. The study has
been studied decade wise which helps in bringing out the trends of the growth rate, literacy level,
sex ratio etc. Population is one of the important parameter of demography. Under this parameter,
total population of town in present and past need to study. With the outcome of this population
condition, it is possible to project the population of the town for future planning of various sectors of
the town.
The total area under the Kotar Nagar Parishad is 17 Sq. km with a population density of 442 sq km
persons per Hect. as per 2011 census.

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100
80
60
40
20
0
1931

1941

1951

1961

1971

1981

1991

2001

2011

Percent increase in Population

3.1 POPULATION
Kotar is class V town as per the classification on the basis of population. The Kotar city has a total
population of 6,863 persons as per Census 2001 & 7508 as per census 2011.
Kotar Nagar Parishad had a population of 7508 persons as per 2011 census with an average decadal
growth rate of 11% in the last two decades & 5% in last three decades. Males constitute 51% of the
population and females account for 49%.
Table 3-1: Comparative Assessment of Urban Population
Area
Urban India
Madhya Pradesh
Satna District
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Source: Census of India, 2011,

Total Population
37,71,05,760
2,00,59,666
2,228,619
7,508

Males
19,58,03,260
1,04,70,511
1156734
3,815

Females
18,13,02,500
2,53,95,490
1071885
3,693

3.2 POPULATION GROWTH TREND


Population of Kotar is increasing after 1991. Population of Kotar for respective years 1991, 2001 &
2011 was 6081, 6863 & 7508 respectively. Population of Kotar Town decrease between the decades
of 1981-1991. The major reason behind it was the subdivision of Kotar town. The village name Aber
was excluded from the Kotar town due to which the population decreases during that decade.
There is decadal increase in the population, however, growth rate had been observed to be declined
from 12.85% in 1991-2001 decade to 9.39% in 2001-2011. Thus it can be said that population is
increasing at decreasing rate.
Table 3-2 Kotar Nagar Parishad Population Growth
Year
1981(Gram Panchayat)
1991
2001
2011
Source: Municipal Office Kotar, 2011

Population

Decadal Growth (%)


6528
6081
6863
7508

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-6.84
12.85
9.39

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Figure 3-1: Decadal growth of Population

Decadal Growth rate in %age


12.85

%age of Growth

15

9.39

10
5
0
-5
-6.84
1991

-10

2001

2011

Figure 3-2: Decadal Growth rate of Population

Spatial Population Distribution and Population Density Pattern


As per 2011 census Kotar Nagar Parishad has 15 wards. According to the wards, the Spatial
Population distribution has been depicted in the Figure below.

Ward wise population


Population

1000
756

800
600

633
456

820

722
509 545

441

400

376 322 343


278 328

666
313

200
0
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

No. of Wards

Figure 3-3: Ward wise population

The overall density of the Kotar is 442 persons per sq km as per census 2011.

3.3 SCHEDULE CASTE & SCHEDULE TRIBE POPULATION


The percentage of Scheduled tribes (ST) population is around 8.7% as per 2001 census. Schedule
castes (SC) population contributes 17.9% of total population.

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SC/ST Population :2001


1400

1233

No. of persons

1200
1000
800

628

600

SC

605

600

ST

304

400

296

200

17.9%
8.7%

0
Total

Male

Female

%age

Figure 3-4: SC/ST Population as per 2001 census.

3.4 LITERACY
Kotar has an average literacy rate of 75.08%, higher than the national and state level averages.
Table 3-3 Comparative Urban Literacy Rate
Sr. No Particulars

Total

Males

Females

Urban India

85.00%

89.70%

79.90%

Madhya Pradesh

84.10%

90.20%

77.40%

Satna District

83.80%

90.40%

76.40%

Kotar Town

75.08%

85.29%

64.40%

Source: Census of India, 2011, Nagar Parishad, Kotar

http://censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/paper2/data_files/india/Rural_Urban_2011.pdf,
100.00%

Literacy Rate

80.00%
60.00%

Comparative analysis of Literacy rate:2011


89.70%
85.00%

90.20%
84.10%

79.90%

90.40%
83.80%

77.40%

76.40%

85.29%
75.08%
64.40%

40.00%

Total
Males

Females

20.00%
0.00%
Urban India

Madhya Pradesh

Satna District

Kotar Town

Figure 3-5: Comparative Literacy rate, 2011 census

The total number of literates in Kotar town is 4910 and the literacy rate is 75.08% as per 2011
census. The female literacy rate is 64.44% in Kotar town. The literacy rate of males is 85.29.
However, the overall literacy rate of Kotar is higher than the urban Indias.

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Ward wise literate in Kotar:2011


600

535

No. of Literates

445
397

400
300

510

454

500

331

297

254

239

271 261 257

205

231

223

200
100
0
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

Ward No.
Figure 3-6: Ward wise literate Population in Kotar, 2011

According to census 2011, ward no. 12 is having highest literate population. Ward no. 10 is having
lowest literate population. (Refer map no. 3)

Findings:
Kotar is having highest literacy rate in Rewa division of Madhya Pradesh in spite of not having
sufficient educational facilities. Main reason behind the higher literacy rate of Kotar is the nearness
of Satna district which is only at 25km distance and having higher order of education facilities.

3.5 SEX RATIO


Kotar overall has the highest sex ratio as compare to urban India, Madhya Pradesh & Satna District
as per 2001 census. The sex ratio in 0-6 year age group is more than 1000 females per 1000 male
population. SC sex ratio is also highest in Kotar compared to National, State & district averages.
As per 2011 census, Kotar again having higher average i.e. 968 & 0-6 years age group Sex ratio is
1031 while at national level Indias average sex ratio is 940.
Table 3-4: Comparative Urban Sex Ratio: 2001
Particulars

Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio 0-6

Sex Ratio SC

Sex Ratio ST

Urban India

900

906

923

944

Madhya Pradesh

898

907

905

975

Satna District

920

931

937

949

Kotar Town

965

1073

963

974

Source: Census of India, 2001 & District Statistical Handbook

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Comparative Sex Ratio :2001


1100

1073

Sex Ratio

1050
1000

965

974

963

Urban India

950

Madhya Pradesh

900

Satna District

850

Kotar Town

800
Sex Ratio

Sex Ratio 0-6

Sex Ratio SC

Sex Ratio ST

Figure 3-7: Comparative Urban Sex Ratio, 2001

Sex Ratio of Kotar:2011

1200

Sex Ratio

1000

896 916 923

1000

1056
957
886 917 907
884 930 911

824

889

939

800
600
400
200
0
1

10

11

12

13

14

15

Ward No.
Figure 3-8: Comparative Urban Sex Ratio

Ward wise analysis of population shows that ward no. 4 & 5 are having highest sex ratio i.e. more
than 1000 female per 1000 male, while ward no. 13 is having lowest sex ratio. (Refer map no. 4)

Findings:
Kotar is having highest sex ratio as compare to Urban India, State & District. The Finding behind this
is that people of Kotar are mainly less aware about modern technology, as well as no availability of
medical facilities in town itself and also does not economically strong enough to adopt new
technology to fulfil the desire of male child. This fact can be supported from the data of 2011 census.
As per 2011 census of India, although there is an increase in average sex ratio from 965 to 968 but a
sharp decline in sex ratio of 0-6 age group i.e. 1073 to 1031 which shows that as people are
becoming aware about new technology, there is decrease in Female child.

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3.6 POPULATION PROJECTIONS


3.6.1.1

Projection for Urban Area

The population has been projected up to the horizon year 2035. Taking into consideration the
fluctuation in decadal population trend and projects proposed in this report, to make the
infrastructure facilities and economic base stronger, will have great impact on citys in-migration,
which will subsequently have an impact on population growth. Thus, the population projections
have been done, using the average of 4 population projection methods (Simple graph growth rate
Method, Arithmetic Method, Incremental Method and Geometric Method). As per the population
projection by 2015, 2020, 2030 and 2035 the population of Kotar City would be 7844, 8238, 8652,
9089, and 10000 respectively.
Table 3-5 Population Projections for Kotar Nagar Parishad
Year

Population

% Growth

1981

6528

1991

6081

-6.84

2001

6863

11.39

2011

7508

9.39

2015

7844

4.47%

2020

8238

5.02%

2025

8652

5.02%

2030

9089

5.05%

2035

10000

5.07%

PROJECTED POPULATION

Source: Census of India, 2011 & SGS InfoTech calculated values

3.7 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


Major Findings

Major Issues

Average Decadal growth Population is increasing


rate of the city in the year at decreasing rate.
1991-2001 is 11.39%.
Low density of Kotar
The population projection Nagar Parishad
indicates that by 2035 the
population would increase
to 10000.

Potentials
Sex ratio of Kotar is more than national
sex ratio which is showing
Less gender biasness
Poor Economic condition
Less awareness of modern techniques
Literacy rate is also higher as compare
to national & state average due to
Nearness of Satna district which is
having sufficient educational facilities.

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4 ECONOMIC PROFILE
4.1 INTRODUCTION
The economic activities of a city play a vital role in the growth and development of any city and its
surroundings. Thus it is important to assess the current economic situation of the city to identify the
key activities and potential of the city.

4.2 ECONOMIC BASE OF CITY


Kotar is basically having an agricultural economy. Town, however, is now declared as Nagar Parishad
but it is still having agricultural nature. Principal agricultural crops are Rice, Soybean, Maize; Gram
are some vegetables grown in region. Soybean & Cereals are main crop of Kotar. Mahua (locally
available fruit kind of thing which is use for making liquor) & live stock are potential for city. Kotar`s
working population largely depends on Satna, as Satna is world's largest cement producing district.

Fishing:
Kotar is having 9 ponds, one nala and one river along the boundary of Kotar Nagar Parishad.
Availability of these water bodies encourages fishing in Kotar town. People are engaged in
fishing activities as most of ponds have appropriate amount of water whole year.

4.3 WORKFORCE PARTICIPATION


Kotar Nagar Parishad has 39.5% Work Force Participation Rate (WFPR) which is highest as compared
to National, State and District Averages. The male worker population of Kotar is 1613.
Table 4-1 Comparative Urban Work Force Participation Rate
Particulars
Total Workers
Male Workers
Urban India
9,22,78,654
7,61,75,323
Madhya Pradesh
1,10,73,852
44,24,107
Satna
11,24,860
5,01,177
Kotar
2716
1613
Source: Census of India, 2001

Female Workers
1,61,03,331
66,49,745
6,23,683
1103

WFPR (%)
32.2%
31.9%
39.8%
39.5%

4.4 WORKFORCE DISTRIBUTION


Work force distribution indicates economic base of city. Out of a total of 2716 workers in city as per
2001 Census of India, 2299 are main workers while 417 are marginal workers. 26% of the workers
are engaged in secondary and other activities, whereas 74% are engaged in primary activities.

Occupational Structure-2001
Non Working,
4147
Working Main Working,
2299
Population
2716
Total

Marginal Pop,
417

Population
6863

Figure 4-1: Occupational Structure of Kotar, 2001

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Work force distribution


586

1148

111

Cultivators
Al

871

HH
Other

Figure 4.2: Work force distribution, 2001

4.5 WORKFORCE DISTRIBUTION AS PER VARIOUS SECTORS


Workers can be calculated as per three different sectors i.e. Primary, secondary and tertiary. Kotar
town as it is discussed earlier is not having any manufacturing industrial unit as well as other house
hold industries. Due to this reason Kotar is far behind in secondary sector of workers. Kotar is having
largely primary sector population as here agriculture is the dominant work of the residents.
Table 4-2: Economic Bases and Occupational Pattern of Kotar

Sr. no Sector

Category

No. of workers

Primary

Cultivation, Agricultural labourers, Live 2019


stock, etc. & allied activities

74%

Secondary

Manufacturing
&
Household industry

4%

Others

processing

in 111

586

%age of total workers

22%

Source: Census of India, 2001

4.6 INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO


Kotar has not been able to establish itself as an Industrial centre, in spite of having potential for agro
based industries due to lack of supported population and resources i.e. investment & market for
manufactured products.
At present Kotar is lagging far behind in terms of industrial development which has direct impact on
economy as well as on employment. There are also some house hold industries of beedi making in
Kotar. On the name of industry Kotar is having following small scale industries:
Table 4-3: Small scale industries in Kotar

Sr. No

Particulars

No.

Rice Mill

Floor Mill

Oil Mill

Aara (Wood Curving Activities)

Source: Primary Stakeholder Consultation, 2011-12

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Figure 4.3: Commercial area along bus stop

4.6.1 Problems in Industrial Set up:


For any industrial set up basic infra structure is require. The main things required for an industry are:
Land
Electricity
Water
Finance
Supporting policies
In Kotar, approximately 80 acres of Govt. land is available which can be used to set up industrial
unit. Kotar dont have sufficient electricity for industrial unit. While talking about investment, no
private investor is interested in investing in Kotar as Kotar is not having much potential for
industrial setup as there is no supporting population and no form of raw material. Govt. policies are
also not favoring private developers to invest in these local bodies. Thus Industrial setup in Kotar
needs huge investment along with favorable policies.

4.7 TRADE & COMMERCE


The economic base of the town is agriculture, but trade and commerce also play very small role in
the economy of Kotar. Kotar serves as market centre for nearby small towns and villages for
supplying various commodities. The Commercial area of town is near bus stop of the town in a linear
shape. Kotar is having approximately 50 shops which include daily need shops. (Refer map no. 5)
Informal Activities
Informal activities form an important part of the economic fabric of the city. It is not just a major
source of employment but also provides affordable services to the majority of the urban population.
Street venders are an integral part of Kotar like any other medium size town.
These vendors are mostly located near bus stand which is the main commercial area of town, and
near residential areas. Street venders are observed occupying space on the pavements or other
public/ private areas as well as seen moving from place to place carrying their wares on push carts or
in cycle or baskets on their heads.

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The total number of vendors in Kotar city is approximately 20. Street vendors are engaged in
vegetable, fruits, and some other household items.

Figure 4.4: Informal market sector of Kotar city, 2012

Findings:
The area under the existing trades and commercial use are not adequate for the future needs of
people. There is a terrible need for proper planning of the existing commercial areas, specifically the
wholesale markets and traffic management.
Some of the problems and issues associated with the trading and commercial areas are listed below.
No industries in city due to which working population depend on either agriculture or on Satna
District.
Local resources of Kotar have not been used for improving the economy of town.
Existing economic activities are not sufficient to boost the economy of the town.
Scattered informal markets in the town are creating problem of encroachment.
Informal market near bus stand creates problems for traffic.

4.8 SWOT ANALYSIS


Aspect

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Absence of the Household


Kotar is not having
industrial units in industries
can supporting
infra
Kotar, due to develop in town.
structure
and
Availability
of
which population Scope of small scale resources due to
labors
is
mostly industries due to which large scale
dependent
on availability of labor industry cannot be
Govt. land is also
primary
activities.
& raw material for establish here.
available
for
agro
based Private investors are
small
scale
industries
also not interested
industry
in investing in Kotar
Kotar is not having Development
of Trade & commerce
Trade & No
wholesale
any strong base of Kotar as a regional can also not provide
Commerce
market
in
trade
& wholesale market at very high level
surrounding of
commerce.
centre
for due to lack of
Kotar so Kotar
vegetables, meat, supporting
can be develop
and food grains, population
&
as centre of
etc. as no such investment.
trade
&
market in & around
commerce
Kotar
Industry

Good
road
connectivity

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Bamboo products making by local people

Ponds having good potential for fishing

4.9 ISSUES, STRATEGIES & POTENTIAL PROJECTS


S. No

Aspects

Issues

Strategies & Potential Projects

Employment 39.4% of the population are engaged Creation


of
employment
Scenario
in some form of economic activity
opportunities in the following
Proportion of female workers is low sectors
as compared to male workers i.e. Small scale industries i.e. agroratio of male female worker is 60-40.
based, handicrafts etc.
Fishing (as already in Practice)
Industries
Lack of infra structure & raw material Kotar has potential to support
to support industries
house hold industries like;
Lack of political support
Cane and bamboo products
Lack of private investment for Biscuit, papad, cakes and
development of industries as there is
cookies making
no threshold population to support Candles making
industry.
Trade
& Commercial area of Kotar is not Development
of
organized
Commerce
sufficient
to
cater
future commercial space in the town
requirements of population
To develop Kotar as Commercial
Mostly informal trade and small retail centre for Kotar & surrounding
shops in the town.
settlements

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5 URBAN GROWTH SCENARIO


5.1 INTRODUCTION
This chapter highlights the general spatial pattern of the Planning area which includes the KNP
boundary limits. City level and ward level analysis has been incorporated to assess the growth
pattern of the city.
Kotar is located at a strategic location in region. Kotar Nagar Parishad is divided into 15 Wards.

5.2 URBAN GROWTH SCENARIO


The city is predominantly developing along the Jatwara - Samaria road in the form of ribbon
development. The major commercial areas in city are near Bus stop on Jatwara - Samaria road. All
major commercial and trade related activities are concentrated in these areas.

5.2.1 Physical barrier in Development


Kotar in its north east side is having kaimari Pahad. Along with Kaimari Pahad, here a dumping site is
also allocated by govt. due to which this side further development of city is not possible. In south
west side of Kotar, there is a river called Semraval. Thus these sides also cannot be used for future
development.

Figure 5-1: Physical barrier in the growth of Town

5.3 DENSITY PATTERN


The development pattern is apparent in the Nagar Parishad area. Kotar Nagar Parishad area has very
low population density of 438 persons per sq km.

5.4 LANDUSE ASSESSMENT


The study of the land use would enable us to understand the city as envisaged in the past and the
direction of its future growth and development. This section explores the changing pattern of land

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use over time. A change in land use is inevitable over time. It reflects the needs and demands of the
residents of the city.

Land use Distribution:2011


4%

Residential
1%
1%

15%
9%

Commercial
Public semi Public
Road

70%

Agriculture
Water bodies

Figure 5-2: Land use distribution of Kotar

5.4.1 Existing Land use Development


The table below highlights the existing land use pattern of the Nagar Parishad area.
Table 5-1 Land use Distribution
Sr. No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

Land use
Residential
Commercial
Industrial
Public semi Public
Road
Agriculture
Water bodies
Total Area
Source: Consultation, Primary Survey & GIS calculated values, 2011-12

Percentage
15%
1-2%
0%
1%
6-7%
70%
4-5%
100%

Within existing developed area, only 15% of the total land use is residential. A large area (70% of the
total land use) is under Agriculture. Industries having 0% share in land use distribution due to the
absence of industries in the town.

5.4.2 Future growth direction- 2035


The future direction of growth has been envisaged based on the existing growth pattern and the
population projection of 10,000. The past trends of development show growth in north east
direction. The development is mainly along the major roads.
The slums or the urban poor which contributes to 11.57% of the population are mainly concentrated
in ward no 4 & 14 which is in outskirt areas.

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Figure 5-3: Urban Growth Scenario of Kotar, 2012

5.5 URBAN RENEWAL


Some of the old city areas need renewal to reduce congestion and to redevelop the main city. The
main centers in the city which requires urban renewal is listed below:
5.5.1.1 Gadhi
This Historic Gadhi of Kotar was made by king Bhag Singh
around 400 years ago to protect border towns of Rewa
kingdom. This Gadhi was built in the area of 8 acres. This Gadhi
represent the beautiful architecture of old period. But at
present this beautiful old building is destroying. It has lost its
precious value. It needs conservation and renovation. By doing
so it can be used as tourist place and also can generate
economy to the city.
5.5.1.2

Bus Stop

Kotar Town is not having any bus terminal. It is having only one
bus stop on Satna Samaria road. This bus stop lacks in basic
infra structure and due to stoppage of buses on main road it
create problem of congestion sometimes. Thus there is a need
to construct a bus stand (Terminal) in Kotar town along with
basic infrastructure to serve the population of Kotar town.

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5.6 SWOT ANALYSIS


Strengths

Weaknesses
Opportunities
Threats
Low Growth & development Better quality housing Land encroachments are
Land is available
in city
demand and cheap land common.
at cheap rate in
values can attract real Haphazard development
Kotar city which Huge investments will be
estate developers
is taking place in core
can
encourage required for developing Large percentage of land is areas and along the
still not developed and can major roads
real
estate infrastructure in whole city
be acquired for future
&
especially
in
peripheral
development.
development.
areas.

5.7 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS


Aspects
Spatial Growth

Density Pattern

Issues
Linear growth All commercial &
residential
development
is
concentrated along roads and mainly
at the core city area due to availability
of physical and social infrastructure.
Density is very low in Kotar town

Land Use
Distribution

Low Growth Pattern

Urban Renewal

The core urban area is congested

The urban poor/ slums are mainly


concentrated in the core area.

Strategies & Potential Projects


To encourage new development away
from the core in north-east, south-west
direction.

Promote developments in sparsely


developed
wards
&
decongest
comparatively high density wards.
Large percentage of land is under
agriculture and can be used for future
development.
Real estate developers can play important
role in development of city.
Major important areas listed needs
immediate urban renewal

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6 HOUSING
6.1 INTRODUCTION
Housing is a basic social need of each and every individual and ranks after food and clothing in terms
of priority. Housing constitutes one of the most important parts of the social environment where an
individual is nurtured, grows and matures as a human being, part of the society and as a citizen. It is
an important determinant of the quality of life of the people thus needs to be addressed. Adequacy
of housing stock, construction quality, the number of occupants in proportion to the number of
rooms and the provision of basic amenities are all important determinants of development. Hence,
fulfilling the need for housing and tackling housing needs is an important component of any City
Development Plan.

6.2 HOUSING STOCK


As per 2011 Census of India, there are 1367 households in Kotar Nagar Parishad (KNP) with an
average household size of 5.5 which is higher compared to average national urban household sizes.
There is a total of 1367 number of Census houses. There is no house less population in Kotar as per
census 2011.
Table 6-1: Comparative Household Size
Area

No. of Households
55,832,570
2,915,725
3,46,977
1367

India Urban
Madhya Pradesh
Satna District
Kotar (Nagar Parishad)
Source: Census of India, 2011

Household Size
5.1
5.5
5.4
5.5

No of Hpouse hold

Ward wise house hold in Kotar:2011


180
160
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0

167

111 110

110
95

85

64

64

135

122

73
50

55

60

10

11

66

12

13

14

15

Ward no.

Figure 6-1: Ward wise House hold population of Kotar; 2011

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6.3 QUALITY OF HOUSING STRUCTURE


6.3.1 Housing Conditions
Out of the total number of houses in the city, 60% of the houses are categorized as being in good
condition while 35% are livable and remaining 5% are in dilapidated condition.

Ward
having
Highest HH

Ward
having
Lowest HH

Figure 6-2: Spatial distribution of House hold in Kotar

Housing Condition
5%

35%
60%

Good
Livable
Dilapidated

Figure 6-3: Present housing condition in Kotar, Source: Stakeholder consultation, 2012

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Figure 6-4: Housing Condition in Kotar

6.3.2 Type of housing


95% houses are owned, only 2-3 %( approx) rented and remaining fall into other types of ownership
status. Thus indicating about most of the population is having own houses & very less share have
rented houses.
Table 6-2: Type of Housing in Kotar

Sr. no.

Type of housing

No. of Housing

General

1366

Institutional

Total

1367

Source: - Nagar Parishad, 2012

6.4 HOUSING DEMAND


As per Census of India 2001, the housing demand has been estimated taking into account the ideal
size of a household / dwelling Unit (DU) that is 5. The average household size in most wards is higher
than the ideal household size.
Table 6-3 Housing Demand
Ward No.

No. of Households

Total Population

Avg. HH Size

Housing Demand (GAP)

64

456

7.1

27

111

756

6.8

40

110

633

5.7

17

95

509

5.3

110

545

4.9

-1

85

441

5.1

64

376

5.8

11

50

322

6.4

14

73

343

4.6

-4

10
11

55
60

278
328

5.0
5.4

1
6

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Ward No.

No. of Households

Total Population

Avg. HH Size

Housing Demand (GAP)

12

122

722

5.9

22

13

66

313

4.7

-3

14

167

820

4.9

-3

15

135

666

4.9

-2

TOTAL
1367
Source: Calculated values

7508

5.5

135

Based on the above assumptions, there is a gap for housing of 135 houses. This indicates that there
is a demand for housing. The demand gap for housing is the highest in Ward No. 2. This will further
increase the demand for housing.

6.5 GAP ASSESSMENT


Present Housing Stock

1367

Existing Housing Demand For EWS (Gap)

135

Future requirement of housing in year 2035

633

6.6 SWOT ANALYSIS


Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Lack of incentives
Most of population has Most of the existing
Land is available at
Housing structure of
&
policies
to
their own houses as
slum dwellers is in cheap rate so real promote
real
there is no houseless
estate housing projects estate developers
dilapidated
population & very less
condition.
can be promoted.
share
of
rented
population.

6.7 ISSUES, STRATEGIES AND POTENTIAL PROJECTS


S.
No
1

Aspects
Housing Stock

Housing
Ownership
Status
Infrastructure
Provision

Issues

Strategies & Potential Projects

Average household size higher than Construction of 633 houses with


national and district averages
private
investment
considering
Housing Demand of more than 633
demand
units in 2035
Only 5% of the households do not own Future projected houses can be
a house say 5% of the total population
targeted for real estate investment.
are rented.
Status of physical infrastructure like Provision of Infrastructure in those
water supply, sewage and drainage is
areas which lacks in such facilities
poor in the city

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7 URBAN SERVICES
7.1 INTRODUCTION
This chapter presents the existing status of services in Kotar City and adjoining areas. Major sectors
covered include Water Supply, Sewerage, Drainage, Solid Waste Management and Urban Transport.

7.2 WATER SUPPLY


Kotar lies in Ganga basin. Ground water is the only source of water supply in Kotar town. (Source:
Water augmentation scheme, Kotar: 2007-08)

7.2.1 Quantity & quality of water


Tube well is the main source of water Supply in Kotar Nagar Parishad. At present Kotar town is
having three tube wells along with five pumping Stations. These pumping stations pump water and
water goes to OHT from where it is supplied by gravity flow through pipe lines. There is also some
direct water supply i.e. through pump located in ward no. 14. At present this pump is not working
due to technical problem. The existing water supply scenario in Kotar is given below.
Table 7-1 Status of Water Supply in Kotar Nagar Parishad
S.N
o
1

Particulars

Values

No. of Tube Well


3
2
No. of Working Pumping
2 (3more pump under augmentation scheme)
3
No.
of
OHTs
2 (1 not working) (1 additional syntax tank capacity 2500 lts)
Stations
4
Length of water pipeline (Mts) 973+4488+2196=7657
6
Percentage of Population
50% (remaining 50% is served through pvt. Connections)
8
Total
water
demand
for
Pop
1.2 MLD
served
9
Total water supply
0.25 MLD (2 Hour/day)
10
Gap in water supply
0.95 MLD
11
Other sources of Water
69 Hand pump, Well
Source: Water Augmentation Scheme 2007-08 & Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012
Water augmentation scheme: To meet the water requirements of the residents of City, water
augmentation scheme was build in the year 2007-08. The water supply scheme of Kotar town is to
be augmented from 0.16 M.L.D to 0.95 M.L.D (with 70 LPCD) for ultimate water demand anticipated
in the year 2007. Under this water augmentation scheme, 3 pumping station along Satna Samaria
road were built. One OHT is also constructed. Pipe line in almost all wards was also extended. But at
present this pipe line is not in use as it is having heavy leakages. In the end it can be said that in spite
of water augmentation scheme, Kotar is still having Gap in Water supply. (Refer map no. 6)

7.2.2 Other source of Water


In addition to water supply system discussed above Kotar Nagar Parishad have alternative sources of
water supply which are discussed below:
Table 7-2: Source of water other than piped supply

Sr. No

Description

1
2

Wells
Hand pumps

Detail
6
69

Source: Nagar Parishad Kotar, 2011-12

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7.2.3 Net work Storage
There are total 2 OHTs in the city. The water is supplied by gravity flow from OHT. The pipelines
diameter in the distribution network varies between 80mm and 150 mm. In many areas these pipes
are in dilapidated conditions and losses through leakage are very high. Out of total 2 OHTs only 1 is
functioning. All pump houses are functioning.
Table 7-3: Capacity of pump house in Kotar Nagar Parishad
Sr.
No.

Location of Pump house

Pumping
(galloon/hr)

Capacity Supply Duration


hr/day)

(in Remarks

Satna Samaria road

35000

Functioning

Satna Samaria road

40000

Functioning

3
Satna Samaria road
2
Source: Water Augmentation Scheme 2007-08 & Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012
Analysis of Water supply: 50% population of Kotar
town is served through water supply provided by
Nagar Parishad. Remaining 50% population is using
hand pumps and personal connections for water
supply. There are 69 hand pumps in the town. One
hand pump is serving 5-10 families of the town and
nearly 265 families are having their own water
connections. Water is supplied through pipes at spot
source from the tube wells.
The quality of groundwater is fairly good but the
groundwater level is depleting rapidly. The current groundwater level is at 50-60 ft. Ground water
table is comparatively better than surrounding settlements due to availability of ponds in Kotar. KNP
is in charge of operations and maintenance. There are 2 Over Head Tanks (OHTs) with a capacity of
2.5 KL and other is not working. Water is supplied from 7:30 AM to 9 AM. The water charged is at
fixed rate at Rs. 50 per month for residential. Water Quality monitoring is done to check turbidity
and ph levels.

Figure 7-1: Sources of Water supply

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7.2.4 Treatment facilities of water
There is no scientific technique to treat drinking water. However bleaching power is mixed in water
weekly to treat the water.

7.2.5 Ward wise analysis of Water supply


Core areas of City are served with piped water supply as OHT is located in core area i.e. in ward no.
10. Thus surrounding wards of ward no. 10 i.e. 7, 8, 9, etc are having piped water supply. Ward no. 4,
5, 6, & 12 are partially served by piped supply or by other source of water. Ward no.1, 2, 3, 14 & 15
are lacking in piped supply. Here residents are using hand pump & wells as source of water. Kotar is
also having one OHT in ward no. 14 but it is not working presently. Thus the current OHT is only
serving core areas of city. (Refer map no. 7)

Figure 7-2: Ward wise water supply in Kotar

7.2.6 Water Demand


The population within the KNP was 7508 according to 2011 census. The projected population of KNP
is about 10000. According to national standard the water requirement is based on 135 LPCD.
Table 7-4: Projected Water Requirement for KNP
Year
Population Domestic + Fire Fighting Total
Leakages
Total Water
Industrial
Demand
2011
7508
1.01
0.010136
1.023716
0.153557
1.2
2015
7844
1.06
0.010589
1.069529
0.160429
1.2
2020
8238
1.11
0.011121
1.123251
0.168488
1.3
2025
8632
1.17
0.011653
1.176973
0.176546
1.4
2030
9089
1.23
0.01227
1.239285
0.185893
1.4
2035
10000
1.35
0.0135
1.3635
0.204525
1.6
Source: SGS Infotech Calculated values 2035

7.2.7 Gap Assessment and Future requirement


Estimated Water demand in year 2035 = 1.6MLD
Total existing water demand=1.2 MLD

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Total Existing water supply =0.25 MLD
Existing Gap in water supply = 0.95 MLD
Total future water demand (2035) = 1.6-0.25=1.35 MLD

7.2.8 Future source of Water supply:


As discussed above, currently ground water is the main source of water supply. But ground water
cannot be used in future for water supply as level of ground water is depleting day by day at a rapid
rate. Thus to meet future requirements of water, Semraval & Itawa river which are in south east
direction of Kotar town are identified as future source of water supply. Itawa River is approximately
14 km from town and can be used for surface water supply

Issues:
Ground water is the only source of water supply in the town.
Limited network coverage and access specially in slum wards as most of houses still using hand
pumps & wells for water
People are not willing to pay water taxes
High amount of water loses due to dilapidated condition of water pipe
No data available on water quality
Treatment plant for drinking water is not available in town. Only bleaching powder is used to
treat water.

Action Plan:
Provision of piped water supply to whole Parishad area including all slum wards which presently
lacks in piped water supply.
Extension of existing piped water supply system.
Maintenance of water pipes provided under water augmentation scheme to reduce water losses
Construction of OHTs & Water Treatment plant.
Immediate action for water losses & leakages.
Awareness Programmes.
Conservation of Water Resources River & Ponds.
Identification of surface water source to meet future water demands.

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7.3 EXISTING DRAINAGE


Drainage system of Kotar comprise of a hierarchy of manmade & natural water bodies & ultimately
discharge surface run off of storm water drains into water bodies. Storm water & waste domestic
water flow through open drains which are not planned & also not cover whole Nagar Parishad area.
Total length of drains is approximately 5 kms among which 2 kms kachi drains are also included.
(Refer map no. 8)
Table 7-5: Condition of drains
Sr. No.
Types of drains
length (in km)
1
Pacca Covered Drains
2
Pacca Open drains
3
3
Kacca Open Drains
2
4
Total
5
Source: Water Augmentation Scheme 2007-08 & Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012

Figure 7-3: Existing condition of drains

7.3.1 Main Water Bodies


Kotar Nagar Parishad has 9 water bodies i.e. ponds and one nala and one river (outside the boundary
of Kotar Nagar Parishad). Major ponds of Kotar are given below:
Table 7-6: List of Major Water Bodies in Kotar Town
SR. NO.
1.
2.
3.

NAME OF WATER BODY


Bada Talab
Mahata Talab
Gandhi Talab

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Ward No. 05
Ward No. 09
Ward No. 06

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SR. NO.
4.
Naya Talab
5.
Indua Talab
6
Lahorba Talab
7.
Rajha Talab
Source: Nagar Parishad, 2011

NAME OF WATER BODY

LOCATION
Ward No. 13
Ward No. 15
Ward no. 02

Figure 7-4: Existing water bodies in Kotar

7.3.2 Slope
Slope of Kotar Nagar Parishad is North East to South West. Storm water of whole town goes in
Semraval River which flow in south west side of town. Domestic waste water goes to agricultural
field mostly.

Figure 7-5: Slope of Town

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7.3.3 Low lying areas of Kotar
There are few low lying areas in Kotar town which face problem of water logging during rainy
season. These areas include area near boys Hostel in ward no.7 & back side of primary health center.

Figure 7-6: Low lying areas of Kotar

7.3.4 Strategies for Development


It is proposed to provide 100 % provision for storm water drainage in the KNP area. In order to
encourage good quality of life and hygienic conditions in the city and especially for the urban poor
KNP should ensure stopping of disposal of sewage and domestic waste into storm water drains.
Root Zone Systems
Root zone systems are in use as a secondary treatment method in wastewater treatment systems.
Root Zone Systems are artificially prepared wetlands comprising of clay or plastic lined excavation
and emergent vegetation growing on gravel/sand mixtures and is also known as constructed
wetland. This method combines mechanical filtration, chemical precipitation and biological
degradation in one step for the treatment of wastewater. The system consists of 100mm top mud
layer where plants are grown, below which 100mm sand layer is provided and below the sand layer,
300mm of gravel layer is provided for filtration. The water percolates through the top layer, gets
absorbed by the roots and gets treated as roots absorb the pollutants present in it and again the
percolated water gets filtered as it passes through the sand gravel layer. After the gravel layer,
100mm RCC slab is provided to prevent the infiltration of the treated water. The treated water can
be used to water the green landscapes. The beds can serve flows ranging from 1m3/day to more.
The constructed wetlands require sizeable land area - 2 to 5 m2/person. A number of factors like low
operating cost, less energy requirement and ease of maintenance attribute to making root zone
system an attractive alternative for wastewater treatment management system. Hence, the system
becomes maintenance free and can run up to 50 to 60 years without any loss of efficiency.

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Advantages of Root Zone System:
No use of machinery and associated maintenance.
Low maintenance requirement.
Low Operation and monitoring.
Low energy requirements.
Establishment at the very location where the wastewater is produced.
It provides natural habitat for birds.
It is a green zone, it does not have mosquitoes problem.
Root zone system gives a very good performance of removing 90% BOD and 63% Nitrogen.

7.3.5 Gap and Future Requirement Assessment


The total drain length required is considered 130% of the total road length. The existing total road
length in KNP area is 13.8Km and future road demand for 2035 is 12.6 Kms.
Present Drainage Network =5 km
Present Demand = 130% of total road length = 17.9 say as 18Km
Present Gap = (existing drain length required i.e. 130% of road length) 5-18=13 km
Future Drainage Requirement 2035 =13km
Road length of Kotar will be same in 2035 as it is as per Standards while talking about length. But
when comes to quality, 8 km roads are un surfaced which need to surfaced. Thus in future focus of
transport sector will be on surfaced roads. Length will not be increased. So drain length will also be
same.
Action Plan:
Up-gradation of existing drainage facility.
Establishment of network for the left out areas.
Preparation of city level drainage network plan.
Using existing ponds for water recharging.
Development of pucca covered drains.
Desilting of all major drains.
Channelization of flow to minimize localized flooding
Provision of root zone treatment system
Educating people for minimization of sewage and domestic waste discharge into drains
Provision of rainwater harvesting pits for all upcoming areas
Detailed Operation and Maintenance Programme

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7.4 SEWERAGE SYSTEM


7.4.1 Existing condition of Sewage System
There is no organized sewage disposal system in Kotar city. This leads to unhygienic condition of
town as for as sewage disposal is concerned. Most of the households either have septic tanks, soak
pits or pit type latrines while the remaining resort to open defecation. Even the pour flush latrines
and toilets blocks are usually connected to septic tanks which are further connected to drain/ nalla.
Sanitation in the town is very poor. Out of total households 40% households of city have latrines
inside their houses. 60% households have no latrine facilities results in open defecation which
indicates the unhygienic livelihood of the city. This leads to health & hygiene related hazards. There
are no community toilets facilities in the city.

7.4.2 Ward wise analysis of Sewage system


As discussed earlier most of the people go for open defecation. Ward no. 1, 5, 14 & 15 are not
having septic tank i.e. very few Septic tank in these wards. Ward no. 1 & 4 seriously lacks in septic
tank & major share of population go for open defecation. Remaining wards are having their own
septic tank however every household in these wards dont have septic tank. (Refer map no. 9)

7.4.3 Current Disposal system


There is no form of treatment before or after disposal. Local people are commonly using septic tanks
for sewage disposal. These septic tanks are for the time period of approximately 8-10 years. There is
no provision of cleaning of these tanks from Nagar Parishad. Residents themselves hire private
people for cleaning of these tanks. These private people borrow mud machine from nearby town for
cleaning these tanks. Charges of cleaning these tanks are 1000 rupees per tank. The sewage from
these tanks is disposed in open areas outside the city or also used as manure in the fields as there is
no sewerage treatment plant in town.

7.4.4 Estimation of Sewage Load


There is a requirement to provide 100% coverage of Kotar city by underground sewage network by
2035. Taking sewage generation of 80% of total water supply, the future sewage generation will be
as given in table below.
Table 7-7: Future Sewage Generation in KNP area

Year
Population
2011
7508
2015
7844
2020
8238
2025
8632
2030
9089
2035
10000
Source: Calculated values, 2012

Total Water Demand

Sewerage 80% of Water requirement


1.2
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.4
1.6

0.9
1.0
1.0
1.1
1.1
1.3

Gap and future requirement assessment


Present sewerage network gap in KNP = 100% of KNP Area

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Gap in Treatment Capacity = 100%
Require STP= 1 of 2 MLD (Sewerage Generated in 2035 1.3 Say 2 MLD)

7.4.5 Strategies
Provision of an efficient sewerage system throughout the city which can be ensured by:
Laying underground sewage network lines in the city
Provision of adequate public toilet complexes along with Public toilets in slums to ensure hygienic
condition
Treatment of sewage before disposal
Provision of (ILCS) integrated low cost sanitation
Recycle & use of treated sewage- Tapping of a portion of the sewage generated to be used for
greening of the open areas through Decentralized Waste Water System.
In order to identify suitable projects for an efficient sewage system for the horizon period of 25
years, the water demand and sewage generation has been estimated based on the projected
population. The completed, ongoing and proposed projects in the city have been taken into account
on the basis of which the gap has been assessed.
DEWATS
DEWATS stands for Decentralized Wastewater Treatment Systems. DEWATS is rather a technical
approach than merely a technology package. DEWATS applications are based on the principle of lowmaintenance since most important parts of the system work without technical energy inputs.
DEWATS applications provide state of-the-art-technology at affordable prices because all of the
materials used for construction are locally available. DEWATS applications provide treatment for
both, domestic and industrial. DEWATS applications provide treatment for organic wastewater flows
from 1-1000 m3per days. DEWATS applications are reliable, long lasting and tolerant towards inflow

fluctuation. DEWATS applications do not need sophisticated maintenance without considering


facilities for necessary chemical pre-treatment of wastewater from industries, DEWATS applications
are based on four basic technical treatments.
Advantages of DEWATS technology:
Providing treatment for domestic and industrial wastewater.

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Low primary investment costs as no imports are needed.
Efficient treatment or daily wastewater flows up to 1000m3.
Low maintenance costs.
Modular design of all components.
Tolerant towards inflow fluctuations.
Reliable and long-lasting construction design.
Expensive and sophisticated maintenance not required.

7.5 SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT


Solid waste are unwanted materials disposed by man, which can neither flow into streams nor
escape immediately into the atmosphere. These non-gaseous and non-liquid residues result from
various human activities.

Figure 7-7: Open Dumping of Solid Waste


Generation of solid waste is not a new phenomenon. In the early days, before the advent of the
industrial revolution, the major constituents of solid waste were domestic and agricultural residues
which were biodegradable in nature. With the progress of industrialization and consequent
organization not only has the quantity of solid waste increased but quality has also changed.

7.5.1 Existing System


Solid waste collection and disposal in the town is the responsibility of Nagar Parishad. But there is no
form of organized solid waste management system in the town. The total waste generation in the
town is about 1.877 metric tons per day. Collection bins are present in the town. Solid waste
collection is done by the sweepers of the Nagar Parishad. At most places waste lies on the roadside
and lowlands. There are no organized places of solid waste disposal. Segregation is not practiced.
(Refer map no. 10)
Thus, the major problems associated with the solid waste management disposal in Kotar are as
under:

No adequate solid waste management is practiced in town

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Lack of house-to-house collection system.

Poor collection at the overall council level.

Inadequate collection machinery as there is only 4-6 hand Rehris, one Tractors & Trauli for
collecting the waste.

No segregation of different type of waste is in practice in Kotar.

Absence of organized /scientifically managed dumping yards, there by resulting in open


dumping by the municipal team.

7.5.2 Collection
Primary Collection takes place manually through wheel barrows and dustbins by the four sweepers
of 15 wards of Nagar Parishad of Kotar. There are 4-6 hand trolleys, one tractor and traulli for door
to door collection of the waste. The waste collected is mixed & there is no segregation of waste is in
practiced.

Figure 7-8: Hath thela used for solid waste collection

7.5.3 Storage
The waste collected is usually stored in open. Storage facilities are inadequate. Waste is usually seen
accumulated and not cleared regularly.

7.5.4 Transportation
Loading and unloading is done manually and waste is transported through tractors. However, the
city is not properly equipped with solid waste handling or transportation equipments. The
transporting vehicles are generally opened during transportation.

7.5.5 Disposal
The collected waste is disposed off at various dumping sites. At present the waste is deposited at a
site away from Kotar city. Dumping site is allocated by Govt. to Kotar near Kaimari Pahad i.e. 5 acres
land is allocated. Fencing & boundary of road has been done but it is not used to dump the waste of
town as it is 4-5 Km away from town & Nagar Parishad is not having assets and its trolly is also not
maintained. Therefore a random dumping is primarily attempted.

7.5.6 Gaps and future requirement assessment


Total waste generated from urban area = 7508*250gm=1877000gm=1.877 Tons/day

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Waste collected and disposed = 0.75 Metric Tons/day
Gap = 1.13 Metric Tons/day waste is not collected
Future Generation = 2.5 Metric Tons/Day

7.5.7 Proposed Solid waste Management in KNP area


To provide separate dust Bins for segregating solid waste.
To ensure 100% door to door collection system.
To provide scientifically designed transfer stations.
To provide appropriate vehicles for transportation of solid waste.
Develop scientifically designed land fill site for proper disposal of solid waste including
segregation of waste.
Development of Sanitary Landfill Site.

7.6 STREET LIGHTING


A Street light, lamppost, street lamp, light standard, or lamp standard is a raised source of light on
the edge of a road or walkway, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night.

7.6.1 Existing Situation


Kotar is having Street light system in city. The total number of street lights provided in the city is 311,
out of which 137 are in working condition and 174 are not in working condition. Details of Street
lights in Kotar are given below:
Table 7-8: Condition of street lights in Kotar

Sr. No

Condition

No. of Poles

%age

Working Street lights

137

44%

Non working Street lights

174

56%

311

100%

3
Total
Source: Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012

The types of street lights provided in the city have been categorized in the table belowTable 7-9: Details of Street lights in Kotar
Sr. No.

Types of street lights

Number

%age

Vapor lights

89

28.6

Tube light

Bulbs

214

68.8

Others

2.5

311

100

Total
Source: Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012

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As per survey most of areas which are situated on periphery of the city and the wards having slum
population i.e. 1, 2, 4, 14 & 15 do not have street light facility. In most of the areas street lights are

Types of Street lights


8
89

Vapour lights
Bulbs

214

Others

broken or not functioning. There is no provision for separate electricity line for street lights in city.
Action Plan:

Repair and improvement of existing light poles.


Provision of light pole with CFL to all roads
Provision of Street lights in areas where lacking of these lights

7.7 URBAN TRANSPORT


7.7.1 Road Network
Transportation is a non separable part of any city. It exhibits a very close relation to the style of life,
the range and location of activities and the goods and services which will be available for
consumption. Transportation is responsible for the development of civilizations from very old times
by meeting travel requirement of people and transport requirement of goods.
7.7.1.1

Existing situation:

Kotar is well connected by roads and rail. Kotar is 25 km away from Satna & Satna is an important
railway station of northern railway. Similarly it is well connected through road i.e. Satna Samaria and
Birsinghpur road. Most of the town is accessible by walk. Kotar is mostly having two wheeler vehicles
for inter city transportation. There are no intermediate i.e. auto rickshaw or tempo etc facilities in
Town. (Refer map no. 11)
Main roads:
Satna-Samaria road and Birsinghpur road are the main roads of Kotar. There are informal
commercial shops on Satna-Samaria road which some time create problem of on street parking &
due to these parking there is also a problem of congestion.
Internal roads:
As per consultations with local people, and during primary survey it was observed that the
improvement of internal roads as well as construction of some new roads is necessary in peripheral
areas. Internal roads of town at present are in very bad condition as these are mainly kuccha roads.

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7.7.1.2

Public Transport

Total area of town is only 1700 Hect. Most of the town is accessible by walk itself. Therefore, Kotar
city is not having means of public transportation.
7.7.1.3

Bus Terminals

There is no any bus terminal in the city. On the name of bus terminal there is only a bus stoppage on
the Satna- Samaria road. In the absence of bus stand, buses stops on Satna Samaria road. Due to
these stop etc some time it create problem of congestion.

Figure 7-9: Existing Condition of roads


Table 7-10: Conditions of roads in KNP
Sr. No.

Types

Length (in kms)

%age

Surface

5.68

41.01%

Un surfaced

8.17

58.98%

13.85

100.00%

Total
Source: Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2010-11

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7.7.1.4

Traffic management & circulation

There is no proper traffic management system in Kotar for ensuring free movement of vehicles on
roads. The main reason behind this is that Kotar is not having public transport as well as there is not
much of private vehicle. Thus there is no traffic related problems at present in Kotar.

7.7.2 Parking Facilities


There is no organized on-street or off-street parking arrangement in any of the commercial as well
as other areas in the city. Most of the core areas of the city are characterized by narrow roads. The
capacity of the roads is further reduced by vehicles parked on roadsides. Future parking can be
purposed near PHC & Rajha talab as there is space available for parking.

7.7.3 Intercity Bus transport


The public transport is provided by state govt. But in Satna district, majority of buses are Private.
Detail of these buses is given below:
SR. NO

FROM

TO

NO. OF BUSES

Kotar

Satna

12-15

Kotar

Sameria

Kotar

Virsinghpur

7-8

Kotar

Jaitwara

6-7

Source: - Primary Stakeholder Consultation, 2012

7.7.4 Potential Projects & future requirements for year 2035


A. Road Network
Present Road length need improvement = 8Kms
New road length requirement for year 2035 (lane Km) = 9 Km (including arterial & sub arterial
roads)
Actual Demand=9 13.8 =4.8 Km
Road length of Kotar will be same in 2035 as it is as per Standards while talking about quantity. But
when comes to quality, 8 km of roads are un surfaced which need to surfaced. Thus in future focus
of transport sector will be on surfaced roads. Thus actual requirement will be
Actual roads need to provide= 8(Which are un surfaced at present) km
B. Terminals
Construction of bus stand.
C. Public Transport System
Provision of economical, environment friendly and convenient public transport system.
Action Plan:

To convert all Kucha roads into Pucca roads.


Provision of signage & signals on major chowk & roads
Provision of bus terminal
Provision of intermediate transport within city
Provision of major parking lots in the most congested and core areas of the city.

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7.8 SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE


The social infrastructure facilities in the town are poor which can be categorized as Educational,
Health Care and entertainment facilities.

7.8.1 Medical facilities


Existing situation
The medical facilities are poor in the town with only one Primary Health Centre without any doctor
at present. At present only one nurse & a compounder is catering the total population of town. PHC
is having only 4 beds, while 10-15 patients come to PHC daily. However, there is a hospital under
construction with the capacity of 20 beds. In case of emergency patient referred to Satna as there is
no nearby hospital in and around Kotar.

Figure 7-10: Primary Health Care Centre

Table 7-11 Health Facilities in Kotar


Sr. No.
1
2
3

Health Facilities

Numbers
1
0
0
1

Primary Health Center


Nursing Home
Dispensary
Total
Source: Primary survey & Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2012

7.8.2 Educational facilities


Literacy rate of Kotar is highest in Rewa division which includes four districts i.e. Satna, Rewa, Sidhi &
Sangrauli. However, educational facilities in town are not very good as there are only two Primary
schools, 15 Anganwadi and 1 Senior Secondary schools. The schools cater to a population of almost
300 students. There is also need of sr/sec school for girls. There are no degree colleges & ITI college
in the town. Students from nearby villages namely Suhas, Ragoli, Tihar, Simri, Bamhori and Pawaiya
also come to Kotar for educational purposes.
Table 7-12: Education institutes of Kotar town
Sr.
No.

Facility

Numbers

Anganwadi

15

Primary School

Senior Secondary

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Sr.
No.

Facility

Numbers

SC/ST Hostel

College

Technical Education Centre

Engineering College

8
Medical College
Source: Primary survey & Nagar Parishad, Kotar, 2012

Figure 7-11: Educational facilities in Kotar, 2012

7.8.3 Entertainment
Kotar is not having any recreational facilities. There are not even any parks & playgrounds. On the
name of playground there is only one playground in senior secondary school which is used for
recreational purpose. Other facilities for recreation like cinemas, clubs, parks etc are not in town.

7.8.4 Other Facilities


The other facilities in the town include one Bank but no ATMs facility. There is one Police Thana in
the town. There are no hotels, lodges or Dharamshala in Nagar Parishad area. (Refer map no. 12)

Figure 7-12: Other facilities of town

7.8.5 Demand & Gap Analysis


7.8.5.1Education
Based on the data provided by the Nagar Parishad additional requirement by 2035 is assessed as per
UDPFI Guidelines. Analyzing the present status the requirement for Pre-Primary/ Nursery and

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Primary School is in city. While, based on the UDPFI guidelines the existing number of integrated
schools with hostel facility and colleges are more than required, hence, there is no demand & gap.
Table 7-13: Demand & Gap analysis for Education facilities
Sr.
No

Year

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

Present
Status

Population

7844

8238

8652

9089

10000

2011

(ExistingRequired=Total
Requirement)

Anganwadi

15

Primary School

Senior Secondary
School

Integrated School
with Hostel Facility

College

Source: Calculated values, 2012


7.8.5.1

Health

Based on the UDPFI guidelines, the demand and gap analysis for health facility in the city is assessed.
The table below shows that there are poor health facilities in the city, which shows that there is no
specific demand or gap by year 2035.
Table 7-14: Demand & Gap analysis for Health facilities
Sr.

Year

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

No

Population

7844

8238

8652

9089

10000

1 Intermediate Hospital
(200
Beds)
2
Poly-clinic

Nursing Home

4
Dispensary
Source: Calculated values, 2012
7.8.5.2

Present
Requirement
Status

Others

Other social infrastructure in the city like police station, milk distribution facilities, fire station etc.
are analyzed based on the UDPFI guidelines. The table below depicts the demand & gap in the city.
Table 7-15: Demand & Gap analysis for other facilities
Sr. No

Population

2015

2020

2025

2030

7844

8238

8652

9089

Police Station

Milk Distribution

LPG Go-downs

4 Fire Station
0
Source: Calculated values, 2012

2035

Present Requirements
Status
10000
1

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Park can be purposed in historic Gadhi as it is having sufficient space for park. Community hall can be
purposed in ward no. 5 near Hanuman temple.
Issues:
Medical
Kotar along with its own population also serves the nearby villages. To support this much
population PHC does not have necessary facilities.
No doctor in PHC of town, due to this reason people have to go to Satna in case of emergency.
No female doctor, due to whom many problems occur during delivery cases etc.
No provision of X-ray & pathology lab etc. in PHC
Kotar Nagar Parishad is not playing any role in health facilities.
Education
No college in town, students have to go Satna for higher education
No lab facility in school.
Recreational:
Town lacks in recreational facilities & no source of entertainment in town

7.9 SWOT ANALYSIS


Sector

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Education Town is having No


recreational Availability of land Technical
facilities
institution for basic facilities in institutions.
in the institution college, medical
education.
Lack of infrastructure for
providing & engineering
Satna town having (parking
lots, infrastructure.
institution can`t
all higher level playgrounds, technical Cost of land is low proposed due
educational facilities equipments, etc.)
to provide new to not having
is only 25 Km away Level of Institutions is facilities in town.
supporting
from Kotar.
not satisfactory.
population.
Health
facilities

Others

PHC is available for


basic requirements
of local people
Satna
which
is
having all higher
level
medical
facilities is only 25
Km
away
from
Kotar.
Police thana, Bank
etc are acting as
strength of town

Bad
condition
Dispensary.

Higher
hierarchy
of
health
institutes
cannot
be
providing
as
there is no
supporting
population.
&

of There is a scope of
up gradation of
Health facilities
Lack
of
medical
facilities in PHC of Kotar
Low doctor and patient
ratio as there is no
doctor at present.

Level of Institutions is Recreational


not satisfactory
entertainment
facilities
can
provide.

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8 HERITAGE AND CONSERVATION


8.1 INTRODUCTION
The aim of heritage conservation is to ensure that the cultural significance of heritage places is
retained for future generations to enjoy. Conservation doesnt necessarily mean keeping a place as it
is without allowing change. Over time, buildings and places need to adapt and change to different
circumstances and the needs of the user or occupier. Heritage conservation is an informed process
that manages and allows for this change, but at the same time perpetuating the cultural significance
of the place.
Historic urban monuments are getting decayed due to the following reasons:

Lack of proper policy

Lack of appropriate legal framework

Lack of awareness and appreciation towards heritage properties

Lack of financial and technical resources

8.2 LOCAL TOURIST & HERITAGE SITES


At local level Kotar is not having any tourist place which can attract tourist inflow. There is a historic
Gadhi & Udhav temple which is having tourist potential but due to lack of efforts and policies these
places are still unexploited and lying in very bad condition.
Sr. No

Tourist Destinations & Description


Historic Gadhi: Kotar is having only this site on the name of
heritage building. This at present is in very bad condition, as
most parts of this building are damaged.

Udhav Temple: This temple serves the local as well as


surrounding villages for religious purposes.

8.3 REGIONAL TOURISTS DESTINATIONS:


On the basis of the proximity of destination & linkages between them, State Govt. identified 4 major
tourist Circuits in the State.
Gwalior-Shivpuri-Orchha-Khajuraho
Indore-Ujjain-Maheshwar-Omkareahwar-Mandu
Jabalpur- Bhedaghat-Mandla-khana-bandhavgarh
Bhopal-Sanchi-Bhojpur-Bhimbhetka-Panchmarhi

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Figure 8-1: Tourist Destination & Circuits in Madhya Pradesh


Thus at Regional level Kotar has a major tourist & pilgrim sites which attract tourist. Satna district
which is 25 kms away from Kotar, has some major religious tourism spots including, Chitrakoot and
Maihar. Satna is the nearest Indian rail-way station for world famous temples of Khajuraho.

Figure 8-2 Regional tourists destinations around Satna, Source: CDP, Satna

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Sr. no

Tourist Destinations & Description


Lord Shiva Temple: The Lord Shiva Temple at Birsinghpur is also a
famous and old temple in the region.

Bharhut: The ancient city of Bharhut, a center of Buddhist culture,


whose archeological treasures have been gifted to the major
museums in the country and the world. The Bharhut stupa
established by the Maurya king Asoka in the 3rd century BCE, but
many works of art were apparently added during the Sunga period.

Chitrakoot: Chitrakuta is a town of religious, cultural, historical and


archaeological importance, situated in the Satna district in the
Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. It is known for numerous
temples and sites mentioned in Hindu mythology. Chitrakutas
spiritual legacy stretches back to legendary ages. It was in these
deep forests that Rama, Sita and his brother Lakshmana spent
eleven and half years of their fourteen years of exile.
Maihar: Maihar has a temple by the name of Sharda Devi situated
on the top of a hill about 5 km from the center of the town. This
temple is known for its stairway of more than 1,000 steps. Millions
of devotees throng to the temple throughout the year.

Khajuraho: Khajuraho is a small town located in the Bundelkhand


region of Madhya Pradesh and is famous for groups of Hindu and
Jain temples. These temples are a UNESCO World Heritage Site for
their beautiful and erotic rock carvings.
Khajuraho has the Vindhya range of mountains as its beautiful
backdrop. This makes Khajuraho a more fascinating destination.

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8.4 EXISTING REGULATIONS/ HERITAGE GUIDELINES AT THE ULB


AND STATE LEVEL
The Tourism Policy of Madhya Pradesh envisages creation of an environment conducive to attracting
increased private investment in the tourism sector and a more meaningful role for the Government.
Strategy for development of tourism in the State includes the following areas:
1. Improvement and creation of adequate basic infrastructure-land, road, water, electricity etc.
2. Up gradation and augmentation of accommodation, catering and recreational facilities.
3. Augmentation of transport facilities.
4. Marketing of destinations to ensure optimal use of infrastructure.
5. Establishing and strengthening institutions for the development of human resources.
6. Evolving suitable policies for increasing foreign exchange earnings.
7. Promotion of the arts and crafts of the State.

8.5 ISSUES AND POTENTIALS


Aspects

Issues

Strategies and Potentials Projects

Heritage
& The existing local heritage sites Conservation of existing local heritage sites
Conservation
like Historical Gadhi and Udhav
Beautification of existing water bodies to
Temple are in dilapidated
develop recreational areas in city.
condition
Satna is the nearest railway station for world
Due to absence of tourist places
famous temples of Khajuraho which can act
& lack of infrastructure facilities
as a transit point for this tourist center.
major tourist are moving out to
Kotar is located near major tourist places
the neighboring towns/cities.
such as Chitrakoot, Maihar, Bharhut, Tulsi
Proper inventory of heritage
museum at Ramvan, and Lord Shiva Temple
buildings is required.
at Birsinghpur which act as regional tourism.

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9 SLUM
9.1 INTRODUCTION
The slums in Kotar are called Malin or Gandi Basti. Clear demarcation of slum pockets is missing in
Kotar, as demarcation of slum is not restricted to the area or pocket having poor housing condition
along with poor basic services. The whole ward having such kind of area or pocket, in Kotar city, is
demarcated as Malin Basti which means slums. It is necessary to clearly define slums for slum
improvement plans. The operational definition of a slum that has been recently recommended by a
United Nations Expert Group Meeting (UNEGM) held in Nairobi from 28 to 30 October 2002 is as
follows:

Inadequate access to safe water

Inadequate access to sanitation and other infrastructure

Poor structural quality of housing

Overcrowding and Insecure residential status

Based on above operational definition, 2 wards of Kotar have slums within the Nagar Parishad limits.
In state of Madhya Pradesh slums across the state are slowly but steadily changing for the better.

Figure 9-1: Slum condition of Kotar town

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9.2 PRESENT SLUM SCENARIO


About 5.6% of Kotar's residents i.e. nearly (1329) reside in the Slum area. Brief of the existing status
of the slum pockets are as follow:
Table 9-1 Existing Status of Slums in Kotar Nagar Parishad
S. No

Particulars

Details

Total No. of slums

No. of Households in all slum

262

No. of population in all slum pockets

1329

No. of Household Below the Poverty Line

525

No. of Community Toilet

nil

10

No. of slums having Piped Water Supply

nil

11

No. of Water Tank

nil

12

Community Stand Post

Nil

13

No. of Hand pumps

12

14

No. of Wells

15

No. of Community Dustbins

nil

16

Total Road Length

450 mts

17

Puccka Road Length (M)

350 mts

18

Semi Puccka Road Length (M)

19

Kuchha Road Length (M)

100 mts

23

No. of Street Light Poles

30

Source: Primary survey, Stakeholder Consultation & Nagar Parishad, 2011-12

The total slum population in Kotar is 1329 out of which Ward No. 4 and 14 have the maximum
concentration. (Refer map no. 13)

9.3 STATE OF PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN SLUMS


9.3.1 Road & Street Lighting
The total length of roads within the slums in Kotar is approximately 450 mts.

9.3.2 Water Supply


Water is a major issue in the slums. The main source of water in the slums is wells, hand pumps.
Ward no. 4 is having some share of piped water supply. Ward no. 14 is fully depending on wells &
hand pumps for water supply.

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9.3.3 Sewerage & Sanitation in Slums
Sanitation is a very important aspect of slum development. It directly impacts the cleanliness, health
and hygiene of the individuals. There is no community toilet in slums of Kotar. A very small portion
of Population in these pockets use private toilets with septic tanks, and a major portion of the
population defecate in the open.
Sanitation condition of ward no. 14 is very poor as whole ward population does not have septic
tanks and go for open defecation. As compare to ward no. 14. Condition of ward no. 4 is relatively
better as it is having some share of septic tanks.

9.3.4 Storm Water Management in Slums


Storm water management and disposal in slums is a very important aspect as stagnation of water
leads to breeding of mosquitoes and flies which create unhygienic conditions and responsible for
poor health conditions prevailing in slums.
9.3.4.1

Strategies

Reconstruction of new drains in the areas where no drainage system is present


Converting kucha drains into pucca drains or lined drains
In view of flooding, surface water contamination and depleting ground water- Rainwater
harvesting should be mandatory for all new developments in the city

9.3.5 Solid Waste Management in Slums


As per data provided by Kotar Nagar Parishad, there is no provision of dustbins in slum locations.
Most of the households dump their wastes in the open. There is no provision of waste collection
system in slums. Door to door collection is still not in practiced.

9.4 STATUS OF SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE


Access to Social infrastructure is an important factor for human development especially in Slum
areas. This section highlights the availability of educational and medical facilities within the slum
pockets.

9.4.1 Educational Facilities


There are only Anganwadi on the name of education in the slums which are not sufficient for the
education of their children.

9.4.2 Health Care Facilities


Kotar is having only one PHC on the name of health facilities which is located in ward no. 12. Slum
dwellers have to travel to this place for medical facilities.

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10 URBAN ENVIRONMENT
10.1 INTRODUCTION
Urban areas face a number of environmental challenges. Although the scale and intensities of the
problem varies sector wise. The impact on quality of human life is significant. The environmental
challenges faced in the urban areas are serious and have significant impact on the health, natural
resources and socio-economic performance.
This chapter takes a closer look at the environmental status of various components of the
environment to identify the activities and causes for its deterioration and has made an attempt for
preparing a basis for preparation of environmentally sustainable City Development Plan 2035 for
Kotar City on the basis of baseline information gathered with regard to environment quality,
resources and services.

10.2 ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY


Urban environment is an important component for the sustainable development of a city. This
chapter attempts to assess the existing status of the urban environment of Kotar.
In order to create a sustainable and organized pattern of development of a city, environmental
analysis is done to assess status of environmental quality and resources. This includes an analysis of
relevant environmental parameters viz. climatic condition, physiographic condition, vegetation, air
quality, water quality, water bodies, disaster preparedness & management, waste management etc.
To assess vulnerability and preparedness to disasters a brief assessment of aspects of Disaster
Management Plan has also been elaborated.
The assessment of status of environmental quality and resources shall be major guiding factor and
basis for formulation of projects and programmes of City Development Plan 2035.

10.3 CLIMATE
10.3.1 Rainfall
The average annual rainfall of the district is 1100 mm to 2200 mm. The region receives maximum
rainfall during south-west monsoon period from June to September. About 89.3 % of annual rainfall
is received during monsoon season. Only 10.7 % of the annual rainfall occurs during non-monsoon
period, from October to May. The average rainfall in Kotar is 950 mm.

10.3.2 Wind Direction


The predominant wind directions are observed from NE, W, & SW all year round.

10.3.3 Temperature
The average maximum temperature recorded during the month of May is 45 C, and minimum
during the month of December is 4 C. The average annual mean maximum and minimum
temperature of Satna district are 32.2 C and 19.1 C respectively.

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10.3.4 Humidity
The relative humidity generally exceeds 87% during the monsoon season in the month of August.
Relative humidity decreases during non-monsoon season. In summer season, relative humidity is
less than 36 %. May is the driest month of the year.

10.3.5 Wind Speed


Maximum wind velocity of 6.8 Km/hr is observed during the month of June and minimum 2.3 Km/hr
is recorded during the month of November. Average annual wind velocity of region is 4.3 Km/hr

10.4 PHYSIOGRAPHIC CONDITIONS


10.4.1 Topography
Kotar has underlying basalt & consists of bauxite & late rite. Soils are ferruginous & clayey. Kotar is
having plain topography, however District Satna is having variety of topography i.e. hill, plateau etc.

10.4.2 Lakes and Water Bodies


Kotar town has a total of approximately 13 water bodies. The major water bodies included Bada
Talab, Mataha Talab, Gandhi Talab, and Naya Talab & Indua Talab. The details of the water bodies in
Kotar are given below:
Table 10-1 List of Major Water Bodies in Kotar Town
SR. NO.
1.
Bada Talab
2.
Mahata Talab
3.
Gandhi Talab
4.
Naya Talab
5.
Indua Talab
6
Lahorba Talab
7.
Rajha Talab
Source: Nagar Parishad, 2011

NAME OF WATER BODY

LOCATION
Ward No. 05
Ward No. 09
Ward No. 06
Ward No. 13
Ward No. 15
Ward no. 02
Ward no. 11

Issues: Solid wastes of the surrounding area are dumped into the Ponds; submergence area is
subjected to heavy silt deposition and open defecation.

Figure 10-1 Location of water bodies- Kotar

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10.5 ENVIRONMENTAL BASE LINE STUDY


10.5.1 Air Quality
Ambient air quality is one of the most significant indicators of environmental health. Urban ambient
air quality in Kotar City is not degraded & the pollution level is also stable.

10.5.2 Water Quality


The town has a number of water bodies which are used for various human activities, religious
purpose as well as recreational purpose etc. due to which all these ponds are subjected to various
environmental problems like destabilization of shoreline, inflow of nutrients, eutrophication,
excessive weed growth and siltation and solid waste.

10.6 DISASTER MANAGEMENT PLAN


WHO defines Disaster as "any occurrence that causes damage, ecological disruption, loss of human
life, deterioration of health and health services, on a scale sufficient to warrant an extraordinary
response from outside the affected community or area".
In other words, a disaster is a natural or man-made (or technological) hazard that has come to
fruition, resulting in an event of substantial extent causing significant physical damage or
destruction, loss of life, or drastic change to the environment. A disaster can be ostensive defined as
any tragic event with great loss stemming from events such as earthquakes, floods,
catastrophic accidents, fires, or explosions. It is a phenomenon that causes huge damage to life,
property and destroys the economic, social and cultural life of people.
The main disasters which city might face includes Fire, Flood, Earthquakes etc. and these affects
more in the congested areas. The dynamics of change in urban settlements due to large scale
population has led to the evolution of mixed land use, growth of industries, high population density,
increasing poverty and lack in urban basic amenities. There are chances of epidemic due to lack of
sewage and solid waste disposal system for the city particularly in slums. The situation is not same in
Kotar city as Kotar is not developed at large scale & it also lack in activities of urban nature. Kotar is
also not having much congestion which is the major cause of these all hazards. Inspire of all this, a
city must have a disaster mitigation plan.
Disaster mitigation measures are those that eliminate or reduce the impacts and risks of hazards
through proactive measures taken before an emergency or disaster occurs.
A Disaster Management Plan should incorporate the following factors:

Incorporating disaster mitigation measures within the infrastructure planning process

Infrastructure services should be improved and enhanced to meet the requirements of the
existing and future population

Specialised infrastructure should be developed to cater to the city in times of emergencies

Awareness Programmes should be conducted at city and community level

Training of personnel like the Police, Local bodies, Fire Department with latest technology in
case of a disaster occur.

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10.6.1 Fire
There is only one fire fighting vehicle in Kotar which is having water carrying capacity of 3000 liters.
As per the Nagar Parishad of Kotar, 20-25 (approx) fire incidents occur yearly within the municipal.
Buildings do not have a fire safety measures.

10.6.2 Flood
Kotar city is not having any account of Floods in last couple of years.
Flood Prevention Measures are as under:

Plinth level would be kept much above the highest flood level ever recorded in last 30 years

Structural design of the buildings would follow guidelines of IS 1893 (Part 1): 2002 `Criteria
for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures: Part 1 General provisions and Buildings

Embankments of the entire stretch of nala / river would be suitably raised above the highest
flood level, to prevent flooding

De-silting of the water stream/nala

Sandbags/Levees along the nala

Standby pumps to pump out the excess rain water

Proper networking and revamping of drains and delinking the sewer system from the drain
system.

Buffer strips will be developed on either side of parks

10.7 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES


The impacts on urban environment are perceived at various levels starting from household level,
community level, city level and if unchecked can multiply to issues at regional or national level. This
section highlights the environmental issues that need to be addressed to improve the environmental
health of Kotar city.

10.7.1 Air pollution


Kotar is not having critical type of air pollution as town is not having industries, any public &
intermediate transportation which are the major source of air pollution. Air pollution in the city is
localized and limited to roads, major junctions and the core city. Pollution in core city and along
arterial roads is due to traffic. Air pollution in Kotar is mostly a result of burning of wood and
charcoal in low-income houses and kachi basti.
10.7.2 Land Pollution

Improper solid waste management system is the main cause of land pollution in Kotar. Town is not
having proper site for dumping Solid waste due to which solid waste is disposed of anywhere.
Presently solid waste is disposed near ponds which degrading ponds along with visual pollution. This
unmanaged solid waste pollutes the land. Other major reason of land pollution is the absence of

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Sewerage system. Town does not having sewerage system due to which mostly people go for open
defecation which create land pollution. Waste water along with storm water also pollutes Land.

10.7.3 Water Pollution


The surface as well as ground water of the city is contaminated as has been discussed earlier. Water
resources in the city are polluted due to disposal of sewerage directly into the surface drains or
surface water bodies. Ground water contamination is essentially due to large no of septic tanks in
use in the city.

10.8 ISSUES, STRATEGIES & POTENTIALS


S. No
1

Aspects
Green Cover &
Open Spaces

Water Bodies

Air Quality

Issues
Green cover is present only
in form of agriculture area.
There is no notified
recreational areas

The water bodies are


polluted
Infest with solid waste,
drainage, sewage
Encroachment also seen as
one of the main problems
Air Quality & Noise levels
are within prescribed
norms

Use of alternate fuels like CNG


Continuous monitoring at various
locations within the city at regular
intervals.
Planned Plantation in the city areas,
choice of air pollution resistant tree
species in order to minimize ambient air
pollution.
Road network must be improved for
reducing vehicular emissions
Need to install Sewage Treatment Plant
(STP) to treat sewage from the entire
Kotar Town.
Revival of ponds for fish culture.

Creation of drainage systems


Drainage improvement works in city

Upgrade SWM infrastructure


facilities
Sanitary landfill site for the city
Public awareness and education

Water Quality

Drainage

Solid
Waste
Management
(SWM)

lack of solid waste


management which affect
quality of water
Due to Septic quality of
water also gets affected.
Major problems of all
water bodies are silting &
lack
of
human
interventions.
No provision of storm
water drainage.
Water logging and flooding
on roads etc.
Open dumping of garbage
at any open place
Land Pollution by open
dumping of solid waste.

Strategies And Potentials Projects


Demarcation and Development of
Recreational areas
To encourage green cover within the city
other than agriculture area.
Good potential for development of more
parks & green open spaces
Desilting & beautification of Water
bodies & Developed as a recreational
activities to attract the local tourist
Ponds can act as a rainwater harvesting
zones.

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11INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK & URBAN FINANCE


11.1 INTRODUCTION
The city of Kotar is managed and governed by a number of institutions. This chapter lists the various
agencies involved in urban governance. A preliminary assessment of the functions of Kotar Nagar
Parishad as well as the reforms adopted till date to strengthen the governance mechanism has been
analyzed. The first section outlines the institutional arrangement of the city. The second section
assessed the financial strength.
Functioning of Kotar Nagar Parishad is governed by The Madhya Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1961.
Kotar Nagar Parishad performs obligatory & discretionary functions, as incorporated in said Acts.

11.1.1 74th Constitutional Amendment


The 74th Constitution Amendment Act, 1992 has its essence in reforms and building new systems in
the structural, functional and planning areas of municipal management and capacity building. The
Madhya Pradesh Government appropriately adopted the notification and amended the Madhya
Pradesh Nagar Parishad. The provisions under the amendments are:

11.1.2 Structural
Regular and fair conduct of elections to municipalities by statutorily constituted state election
commissions. A framework assigning appropriate civic functions to urban local bodies as envisaged
in the Twelfth Schedule of the Constitution. Besides the core functions, the municipalities are now
expected to play a crucial role in preparation and implementation of local development plans and
programs for social justice, and Constitution of a Finance Commission, to recommend to their
legislature measures to improve the financial health of municipal bodies once in every five years.

11.2 GOVERNING STRUCTURE OF KOTAR NAGAR PARISHAD


The governing structure of Kotar Nagar Parishad consists of both political and administrative wings.
The political wing is headed by a Chairman. The CMO heads the administrative wing and is
responsible for the strategic and operational planning and management of the Nagar Parishad.

11.2.1 Elected Wing


The elected wing consists of members elected by the citizens of Kotar Nagar Parishad. At present,
the Parishad consists of 15 elected members. Chairman who is the head of elected wing is elected
amongst the 15 elected members. The term of Chairman, is for a period of five years. The city is
divided into 15 ward constituencies.

11.3 INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENT OF KOTAR


Besides Kotar Nagar Parishad, there are other government agencies involved in city governance. The
following section lists the identified stakeholders and summarizes their institutional responsibility.
The government stakeholder includes:

Kotar Nagar Parishad


Public Health and Engineering Department (PHED)
Madhya Pradesh Housing Board (MPHB)
Public Works Department (PWD)

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Madhya Pradesh State Tourism Nagar Parishad Ltd (MPSTCL)


Police
Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board (MPEB)
Panchayats

Table 11-1 Stakeholder Responsibilities


SECTOR

PLANNING & DESIGN

IMPLEMENTATION

O&M
PHED & Kotar Nagar
Parishad
PHED & Kotar Nagar
Parishad
PWD, Kotar Nagar
Parishad

Water Supply

PHED

PHED/Kotar Nagar Parishad

Sewage

PHED

PHED/Kotar Nagar Parishad

Roads, Bridges, Flyovers/ Parking

PWD, Kotar
Parishad

Public Transport System

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Street Lighting

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Storm Water Drainage

PWD & Kotar Nagar


Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Solid Waste Management

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Parks/ Playgrounds

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Slum Development

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Housing
Air, water&noise pollution Control

Housing Board
MPSPCB

Housing Board
MPSPCB

Housing Board
MPSPCB

Heritage Building & Conservation

Kotar Nagar Parishad,

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Tourism
Public Health

MPSTDC

MPSTDC
Kotar Nagar Parishad

MPSTDC
Kotar Nagar Parishad

Education

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Nagar

PWD, Kotar Nagar Parishad

11.4 INSTITUTIONS INVOLVED IN URBAN DEVELOPMENT


11.4.1 Kotar Nagar Parishad
Functions of Kotar Nagar Parishad
The major functions of the Kotar Nagar Parishad have been highlighted below:
1. Constructing and maintaining public streets, market, latrines, urinals, drains, and sever
2. Cleaning public streets, places and sever
3. Disposal of Solid Waste
4. Street Lighting
5. Maintenance of fire brigade
6. Managing cattle ponds /Kanji house
7. Managing Gaushalas
8. Regulating places for the disposal of the dead
9. Management and maintenance of municipal water works
10. Registration of birth, death and marriages
11. Maintenance of public parks and gardens
12. Provision of traffic signs
13. Urban poverty alleviation, Welfare scheme and program for urban poor
14. Censuses
15. Managing Fairs and exhibitions

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16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Urban forestry
Establishing and maintaining pre-primary school and public hospitals
Building Regulation / Permissions
Planning for economic and Social development
Maintaining Property Records

Figure 11-1 Organization Structure for Kotar Nagar Parishad

11.4.2 Municipal Finance


Kotar Nagar Parishad has been assigned a range of functions related to provision of public services.
They strive to meet the costs of constructing and maintaining these services and facilities. The
revenue receipts comprise of own sources (taxes and non-taxes) of the Parishad as well as grants.
Capital receipts comprise revenues earned from sale of land, general grants from state and central
govt & various loans. Revenues are raised to cover capital investments & recurrent revenue
expenditures. Raised revenues must be utilized to attain needs of public as well as to enhance
development of city as a whole. Expenditure comprises infrastructure works, slum up gradation,
salaries, wages, operations & maintenance, interest, debt servicing, loan repayments & refunds.

Figure 11-2 Structure of Kotar Nagar Parishad Finances

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Revenues are raised to cover capital investments and recurrent revenue expenditures. The raised
revenues must be utilized to attain the needs of the public as well as enhance the development of
the city as a whole. The expenditure comprises infrastructure works, slum up gradation, salaries,
wages, establishment, operations & maintenance, interest, debt servicing, loan repayments and
refunds. The table below summarizes the revenue and expenditure sources:
Table 11-2 Summary of Revenue and Expenditure Sources
REVENUE
INCOME from Govt. Grant
Moolbhoot Suvidha
12th Finance Commission
Stamp Duty
Waterworks Maintenance
Road repair
Scarcity
Slum Development
Income from Govt. Grant for Development & welfare scheme
Sarve Shiksha Abhiyan
M.P.U.S.P.
U.I.D.S.S.M.T.
I.H.S.D.P.
Income from Tax Revenue
Octroi Compensation
Property Tax
Water Tax
Passenger Tax Compensation
Advertisement Tax
Drain Tax
Sewage Tax
Income from Non Tax Revenue
Fees from Hawkers Temporary Shop
Compounding
Rent from Municipal Building/ Market Shop etc.
Tower Permission Fees
Building Permission Fees
Encroachment Fees

EXPENDITURE
Capital Expenditure
Matching Share for Project
Mayor Nidhi & Parshad Nidhi
Drilling Tube well and Laying New Pipelines
Construction of New Road
Construction of New Building
Municipal Vehicle
Beautification of City
Revenue Expenditure
Salary and Pension
Electricity
Loan Repayment
Tube wells and Waterworks Maintenance
Road and Building Maintenance
Scarcity (Water Transportation)
Advertisement Expenditure
Nala & other drainage system Maintenance
Sports Activities
Others

Revenue expenditure comprising of salaries and wages, establishment, operation and maintenance
and interest payments, has a major share in the total Kotar Nagar Parishad expenditure.
The details of actual income and capital income of the Kotar Nagar Parishad are as follows:
Table 11-3 Income Profile of Kotar Nagar Parishad, 2008-10
Year
2006-07
2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11

Revenue
Capital
Total
Revenue
Capital
Total
Income
Income
Income
Expenditure Expenditure Expenditure Surplus/Deficit
11823890
79500 11903390
4042486
3045000
7087486
7781404
15882000 9450000 25332000
14565100
6400000
20965100
1316900
17732000 9500000 27232000
13680800
12410000
26090800
4051200
181855200 11500000 193355200
16300000
8700000
25000000
165555200
19600000 10000000 29600000
14800000
7900000
22700000
4800000

Source: Kotar Nagar Parishad

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11.5 ISSUES & POTENTIALS


ASPECTS
Functions

Revenue
Sources

ISSUES
Kotar Nagar Parishad is the core
organization governing planning &
management of city. There are other
departments that facilitates service
delivery mechanism such as PHED, PWD,
Police etc. Thus presence of multiple
departments has created the issue of
multiplicity.
Overlapping of functions of various
departments
Government grants are the major revenue
sources for Kotar Nagar Parishad.
However, the local body are unable to
utilize these sources to their optimum level

STRATEGY & POTENTIAL


Encourage Coordination and Cooperation
among various departments within the city
Encourage e-governance - Development of
database to hasten decision making and speed
up projects
Increase transparency by visibility of micro and
macro level data, functions and decision in all
departments

Billing of services can provide revenue sources


Regular Payment of Property Tax
Payment for Water supply- Metering option
for various uses
Payment for Electricity supply
Payment for Garbage Disposal
Payment for other Services provided by Kotar
Nagar Parishad
Revenues for the Kotar Nagar Parishad can be
further utilized for O & M to enhance services.
Regulation of activities by enforcing byelaws
can add to revenue

Initiatives & More focus is required to enhance


Reforms
The revenue source and
Capacity of the human resource to sustain
the ongoing programmes

Regulate the activities by enforcing byelaws like


Slaughter houses/ meat market bylaws
Marriage Hall/ Garden Byelaws
Maintenance, improvement, construction and
cleaning of existing drain
Latrines and Washing places
Maintenance and improvement of public
street
Camping on public ground
Management of municipal market
Private Market
Removal or Improvement of insanitary
building
Establishment and construction Dairies and
cattle pens within or out of the city
For hoardings and signage in the city
Non
The NGOs are not that active in the urban Greater involvement of NGOs in development
Governmen
development sector in Kotar.
activities
t
Organizing Slum Communities that have the
Organizatio
authority to resolve local problems
ns
Environment and conservation
Establish modes of official communications
between communities & Kotar Nagar Parishad
as and when required

11.5.1 Stakeholder Responsibilities


The governance of urban local bodies assumes importance in the wake of the 74th Constitution
Amendment Act which delegates mandatory elections and greater devolution of powers and
functions to the city Nagar Parishad. Based on the 74th constitution Amendment Act the
stakeholders responsibilities has discussed below.
Table 11-4 Suggested Stakeholder Responsibilities

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SECTOR
Water Supply
Sewage
Roads, Bridges, Flyovers/ RoB
/Multilevel Parking
Traffic Control & Management
System
Public Transport System

PLANNING & DESIGN


Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad
PWD, Kotar Nagar
Parishad
Traffic Police

Street Lighting
Storm Water Drainage

Kotar Nagar Parishad


PWD & Kotar Nagar
Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad

Solid Waste Management


Parks/ Playgrounds
Slum Development

IMPLEMENTATION
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad
PWD, Kotar Nagar
Parishad
Traffic Police

O&M
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad

RTOs Autos (Licensing


& Routes nos), Taxi
Services
Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad

Private operators

Kotar Nagar Parishad


Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad,
NGOs
Housing Board
MPSPCB

Traffic Police

Kotar Nagar Parishad


Kotar Nagar Parishad

Housing
Air, water & noise pollution
Control
Heritage
Building
&
Conservation
Tourism
Public Health

Housing Board
MPSPCB

Kotar Nagar Parishad


Kotar Nagar Parishad
Kotar Nagar Parishad,
NGOs
Housing Board
MPSPCB

Kotar Nagar Parishad,

Kotar Nagar Parishad

Kotar Nagar Parishad

MPSTDC, Hoteliers

Education

DEO/Kotar
Parishad
Panchayats

MPSTDC, Hoteliers
Kotar Nagar Parishad
(HO)
Kotar Nagar Parishad &
DEO
Panchayats

MPSTCL, Hoteliers
Kotar Nagar Parishad
(HO)
Kotar Nagar Parishad
& DEO
Panchayats

Development of rural areas in


the Planning area

Nagar

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12 STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATIONS
12.1 INTRODUCTION
This section communicates the progress in the preparation of the Kotar City Development Plan and
the work done till date.
The SGS Infotech team had started the assignment with the preliminary reconnaissance survey and
data collection. The stakeholder consultations and data collection is still is process.

12.2 STEERING COMMITTEE


The City Level Steering Group Committee is formed and subsequently a meeting was called by the
Chief Municipal Officer on the 13th of December, 2011.
The key officials present included the following
1. Mr. Ramnarayan Shukla (Chairman, Nagar Parishad)
2. Mr. Suresh Pyassi (Dept. Chairman, Nagar Parishad)
3. Mr. J.K.Tiwari (CMO- Kotar)
4. Dr. Vetnary Hospital, Kotar
5. Thana Prabhari, Kotar
6. Executive Engineer, MPSEB
7. Project officer, Woman & Child Development , Kotar
8. Block Officer, Kotar
SGS Infotech Team Members Included
1. Mr. Satish Saini (Team Leader)
2. Mr. Binesh Kr. Nirman (Project Manager)
3. Ms. Alka (Urban Planner)
4. Mr. Rajesh Badola, Sr GIS Expert
5. Mr. Rajiv Kumar, GIS Expert
6. Mr. Neeraj Pal Singh (GIS Expert)
Mr. Ramnarayan Shukla (Chairman, Nagar Parishad) conveyed the purpose for the formation of
Steering committee to all the participants. He enquired with SGS Infotech about the approach &
methodology of the preparation of the CDP. He requested that the suggestions/opinions of the
members of the ULBs should be taken into consideration in preparation of CDP.
Mr. Satish Saini, Team Leader SGS Infotech conveyed that the preliminary reconnaissance survey has
been conducted for Kotar. However, SGS Infotech experts and support staff are still in the process of
data collection & also simultaneously conducting stakeholder consultations.
The Chairman highlighted and suggested various points to be considered while preparing the CDP
Incorporate various options for removal of encroachments in the town as well as highlight
corrective measures along with its advantages & disadvantages
The Drainage & Sewerage to be taken in account.

12.3 PRE WORKSHOP CONSULTATIONS & DATA COLLECTION


Preliminary reconnaissance survey was conducted as well data collection was initiated in the town.
Stakeholder consultations were also conducted in the town.

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Meetings were conducted with the following key officials in Kotar
1. Mr. Ramnarayan Shukla (Chairman, Nagar Parishad)
2. Mr. Suresh Pyassi (Dept. Chairman, Nagar Parishad)
3. Mr. J.K.Tiwari (CMO- Kotar)
Some of the data collected include the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.

Kotar Base & ward Map


Last five year Budget document.
Water Augmentation supply scheme
Other Relevant data

Figure 12-1: Pre Workshop consultation with Figure 12-2: Pre Workshop consultation with CMO,
Kotar
residents

Figure 12-3: Pre workshop consultation with CMO


& Staff Member

Figure 12-4: Consultation & Updating the Council


Map with Chairman

Figure 12-5: Consultation with the member of


Anganwadi Workers & staff of Nagar Parishad

Figure 12-6: Consultation with Slum dwellers

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Figure 12-7: Consultation with Principal of Govt.


School

Figure 12-9: Consultation with residents about


Historic Garhi

Figure 12-8: Consultation with residents, Kotar

Figure 12-10: Consultation regarding Gadhi

12.4 FIRST KICKOFF WORKSHOP


The first Kick off Workshop in Kotar was held on 13th December, 2011 with presence of Chairman,
Dept Chairman & Chief Municipal Officer of Kotar Nagar Parishad.

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1ST KICKOFF WORKSHOP DATED ON 13TH DECEMBER,2011

Figure 12-11: Presentation By Mr. Binesh Kr. Nirman, Project Manager ,SGS Infotech

Figure 12-12: Welcome address by Mr. J.K.Tiwari, C.M.O Kotar

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12.4.1 Kickoff Workshop Proceedings


Proceedings of the Meeting in Kotar CDP 1st Workshop was, held on 13, Dec 2011
The meeting started by Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman, Project Manager (Urban Planner) SGS Infotech by
welcoming the Honorable Chairman Shri. Ramnarayan Shukla, C.M.O Shri. J.K.Tiwari & ward
Councilors of the Nagar Parishad. He thanked the participants for coming to the workshop and giving
their precious time to attend the workshop.
Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman gives the introductory process for preparation of CDP & methodology of
City Development Plan then 1st Kickoff workshop presentation.
Shri Ramnarayan Shukla, Chairman, Kotar Nagar Parishad went on to elaborate on what needs to be
included in the CDP projects as follows:

Construction of one new OHT & Sump Pump on Govt Land near Devi Dai temple campus.
Suggest Enhancement & Increase of Municipal Revenue.
Construction of ring road & connect main road.
Improvement of the Drainage system of the town.
Encroachment of govt. land should be checked.
Construction & Up gradation of road in ward no 6 in the stretch of 150 Mt, in ward no 5-150
Mt & in ward no1-800 Mts.
He also helping SGS Infotech for upgrades the Municipal Map.

Shri. J.K. Tiwari C.M.O elaborates on what needs to be included in the CDP projects as follows:

Construction of one new OHT


Up gradation of Primary Health center (PHC)
Conservation & Beautification of Ponds, Temple.
Construction of ring road
Construction of road & improvement of streets in the core part of the council area.
Development & widening of roads is also need to be attention.

The Senior citizen Mr. Shanti Surop Agrawal then informed that:

Conservation & beautification of Ponds & Temples


He also asked SGS Infotech as to how they can include in the CDP, ways and means to
increase the revenue of the Council.
He also suggested that the water pipe lines are in a very bad condition in the whole town it
should be checked out.
He also thrust on land availability for different projects of CDP.

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He also suggested that there are no parks in the city so it should be incorporate in the CDP
for every ward.

Honorable Ward Counselor Mr. Pankaj Kushwaha ward no-12 thanks Govt. of M.P & welcomed the
idea that:

He suggested that CDP is the best project for development of Kotar.


He also thanks to M.P Govt. for selecting Kotar for making a City Development Plan.

Honorable Ward Counselor Ms. Karuna Singh, ward no-6

Conservation & beautification of Ponds & Temples


Up gradation of water pipe lines in the whole town.
Up gradation of Primary Health center (PHC)
He also suggested that there are no parks in the city so it should be incorporate in the CDP
for every ward.

Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman, Project Manager (Urban Planner) & Mr. Neeraj Pal Singh of SGS Infotech
then thanked the participants for their proactive and meaningful participation and helping SGS
Infotech to fill in the gaps with their local experiential knowledge, and encouraged them to come
better prepared for the next workshops in full vigor.

12.5 SECOND KICKOFF WORKSHOP


The 2nd CDP Workshop in Kotar was held on 22nd March, 2012 with presence of CMO, Ward
Councilors and other key staff official of Kotar Nagar Parishad.
2nd CDP Workshop Dated on 22nd March,2012

Figure 12-13: Presentation by Mr. Binesh Kr Nirman, SGS Infotech Pvt. ltd. Gurgaon

Figure 12-14: Welcome address by Mr. J.K.Tiwari, C.M.O Kotar

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Figure11.15: Mr. Roopnarayan, Ward Counselor

Figure 12-15: Mr. Suresh Pyassi, Dept Chairman

Second Workshop Proceedings


Proceedings of the Meeting in Kotar CDP 2nd Workshop, held on 22nd, March, 2012
The meeting started with Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman, Project Manager (Urban Planner) of SGS
Infotech Welcoming the Chief Municipal Officer Mr. J.K.Tiwari, Mr. K.L. Dixit, Ward Councilors,
official of the Municipal other citizens of the city. Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman explains the Salient
Features & data analyses of the CDP in short as these were discussed in 1st workshop as well.
Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman gave the Power point Presentation on all the components of a CDP and
data analysis.
The Presentation was followed by Discussion and Suggestion from the Participants as follows:

The Chief Municipal Officer Mr. J.K.Tiwari thanked SGS Infotech & its representatives for
their presentation & gave a proposal of bus stand near Devi Dai temple.
He also suggest Conservation & beautification of Ponds
Basic facilities such as water supply and sewerage related projects

Mr. Ram Sharan, ward Counsoler-15 gave following suggestions:

There should be a weekly market for trade & revenue generation.


Proposal of community hall in city
Drainage and water supply projects on priority basis should be in city
Up gradation of Primary Health center (PHC)

Mr. Roopnarayan Mishra also contributes in workshop & gave following suggestions & also listed
some projects which are relevant in city:

There should be a weekly market for trade & revenue generation


Shopping complex
Drainage related project
Temple like Udhav temple if modified can attract tourism

Mr. Manbhavan Parshad Dinkar, (Representative, MLA)

Housing projects to provide housing to the residents

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Ensure water supply in ward which lacks in this facility


The drainage and the Nalas in the city need immediate attention on a priority basis.
Encroachment of Govt land is also a big issue in the town it should be also checked without
destruction.
Solid waste management is also an absolutely pathetic state he felt, and need immediate
attention on a priority basis.

Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman Project Manager of SGS Infotech then thanked the participants for their
proactive and meaningful participation and helping SGS Infotech for completion of the CDP project.

12.6 THIRD WORKSHOP


The 3rd CDP Workshop in Kotar was held on 17th October, 2012 with presence of CMO, Ward
Councilors and other key staff official of Kotar Nagar Parishad.

Third Workshop Proceedings


Proceedings of the Meeting in Kotar CDP 3rd Workshop, held on 17th, October, 2012
The meeting started by Alka Kaundal, Urban Planner of SGS Infotech Welcoming the Chief Municipal
Officer Mr. J.K.Tiwari, Deputy Chairman Mr. Suresh Pyassi, Ward Councilors, official of the Municipal
& other residents of the city. Ms. Kaundal explains the Salient Features & data analyses of the CDP in
short as these were discussed in 1st & 2nd workshop as well. In this workshop emphasize was on City
Investment Plan.
The Presentation by was followed by Discussion and Suggestion from the Participants as follows:

The Chief Municipal Officer Mr. J.K.Tiwari thanked SGS Infotech & its representatives for
their presentation & confirms the proposal of bus stand near Devi Dai temple as Govt. land is
available there.
He request to put stress on road construction & widening in CIP.

Mr. Suresh Pyassi gave following suggestions:

Mr. Pyassi Appreciate SGS for water & sanitation projects in CIP, But he suggest that college
should also be include in CDP. However which is not supported by population of Kotar.
According to Mr. Pyassi, Nagar Parishad alone should not be the authority to deal with all
the projects mentioned in CDP to make these projects efficient. Projects should be divided in
various authorities.

Mr. Roopnarayan Mishra also contributes in workshop & gave following suggestions:

Proposal of Degree college should be in CDP


CIP should emphasize on education & economic aspects.

Mr. Binesh Kumar Nirman Project Manager of SGS Infotech then thanked the participants for their
proactive and meaningful participation and helping SGS Infotech for completion of the CDP project.

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13CITY VISION, SECTORAL GOALS


13.1 CITY VISION
Two Workshops were organized in city as well as individual consultations with various stakeholders
were done during the process of formulation of city vision and sectoral goals. A city comprises of an
uncountable number of stakeholders living in or out of the city. It is a very tedious and time taking
task to have a city level vision statement over which each and every stakeholder agrees. After
rigorous consultations with all relevant stakeholders we were able to formulate a city vision for the
development of the city Kotar.
The Vision is stated below:

To develop Kotar as environmentally Sustainable with equal social and economic


opportunities to all & inclusive development of food processing Industries
This vision provides us an inspiration to think in some innovative way to achieve it. It is important
here to note that the traditional approaches and ideologies have also to be given importance while
thinking of new strategies to be incorporated. The quality of life should always be improved by
applying the strategies to achieve the city level vision. While discussing during the workshop, it was
noted that generally people cannot think beyond the ward level aspects. The government employees
and the members of steering committee were easily giving inputs in the process, while the common
citizens were mostly worried and focused over their major issues of concern. The poor were
concerned about the access to basic services and employment. At the same time traders were
focusing on generation of spaces for better commercial activities. The aspect of development of
physical infrastructure, employment opportunities and environmental sustainability was raised by
almost all the stakeholders. It was agreed that the above stated vision will be able to achieve all the
expectations of the stakeholders present in the workshop.
Several other visions that reflect the interests and dreams of stakeholders are:

An environmentally sustainable green city

A self-sustainable city

An education hub

Industrial units hub

Pollution free, clean, economically sound and healthy city

A city with vast opportunities of employment for poor

13.2 SECTOR GOALS


After finalizing the city vision it is necessary to set the sector specific goals to achieve the vision. A
technical assessment of each sector was presented before the stakeholders and then a scenario was
offered regarding the existing situation. Various alternative goals were also suggested while
discussing informally to give an understanding regarding the subject area. The suggestions were
totally based on the analysis done for each sector and it was completely assured that the goals
proposed by the stakeholders should not get influenced by some specific person or a group of
influential people. The sector wise goals thus finalized are tabulated below:

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S.N.
1
2

SECTOR
Water Supply
Sewerage System

Drainage

Solid
Waste
Management
Urban Transportation

5
6

Urban Environment &


Entertainment

Education

Health

9
10

Housing & Slums


Power supply

11

Urban Governance

GOAL
To provide wholesome water to all and reduce water losses
To ensure access to sewerage system for all using all kinds of
environment friendly waste disposal and treatment systems
To achieve city level comprehensive and sustainable drainage system by
regarding the existing natural drainage
To achieve and promote environmentally sustainable waste
management practice
To achieve comfortable, sustainable, equitable and efficient transport
system in city
To develop Kotar as green and development of parks and open spaces at
ward levels
To promote quality educational facilities in the city with special focus to
the marginalized section of the society
To provide quality health facilities with special focus towards primary
health care facilities
To provide shelter for all with basic services & infrastructure facilities
To ensure access to power to all and strengthen power supply system in
city
To promote participatory, efficient, equitable, accountable and
transparent urban governance system for the city

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14CITY INVESTMENT PLAN


14.1 INTRODUCTION
The City Investment Plan is an important element and is significant in terms of the citys
management process and sustainability with regard to the delivery of basic services. The estimation
of funds required is done based on schedule of rates, Department of Urban Administration &
Development Govt. of Madhya Pradesh which is enforce from 10th May, 2012.
The need for updating is on account of:

Reassessment of city growth and infrastructure needs ( to be carried out once in five years)

Detailed feasibility/ engineering studies carried out of new projects.

Rescheduling of investments on ongoing projects due to cost and/ or time overruns.

Reassigning priorities within the constraints of available financial resources

Goals for CIP

Provision of capital facilities that sustains city populace.

Preservation of the physical integrity capital assets.

Capital facilities to be considered community assets.

Project Identification and City Investment

14.2 SUMMARY OF CITY INVESTMENT KOTAR NAGAR PARISHAD


Part A of this chapter describes sector wise investment plan. After the assessment of investment to
be done for each sector, estimation of phase wise investment required in each sector is done.
Phasing is done for twenty five years and the funds required are distributed in three phases. The first
phase will be initial five years which start from 2013 to 2017. Second phase will be from 2017-2025.
Third phase spans from 2025-2035. Part B of this chapter describes financial operating plan for
execution of the planned projects.
The projects identification has been done based on the strategies listed out under each of the sector.
The projects derived based on the Nagar Parishad estimates and aimed at ensuring optimal and
efficient utilization of existing infrastructure systems. The total estimated capital investment
required for providing efficient services to the population of KNP by the year 2035 is about
Rs.6269.48 Lakh. The table below presents the summary of sector-wise investment requirements.
The estimation of funds required is done based on the similar projects commenced recently in Nagar
Parishad area. The estimation is based on schedule of rates Govt of Madhya Pradesh which is
enforcing from 10th May, 2012.

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Table 14-1: Analysis of investment in various sectors of Kotar

S.No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
10
11
12
13

Sector

Total Investment (Lakh)

1130.00
601.00
604.06
277.50
305.00
135.67
2025.00
34.00
80.00
132.50
330.80
44.00
5699.53
569.95
6269.48

Economy, Trade & Commerce


Housing & Slums
Water Supply
Sewerage
Drainage
Solid Waste Management
Urban Transportation
Education
Health
Urban Environment
Heritage & Tourism
Urban Governance
Sub Total
Land Acquisition & Other Escalations @ 10%

TOTAL

19.83
10.54
10.60
4.87
5.35
2.38
35.53
0.60
1.40
2.32
5.80
0.77
100.0

The Urban Transport sectors account for the largest share of investment. Almost 35.53% of the
investment is directed towards this sector for improving the transportation of the city. Around 19.83
% of investment has to be devoted to the urban economy, trade & commerce. While almost 10.60%
is attributed to water supply sector. The percentage share of each sector is presented in the
following diagram below.

Sector wise Investment (Rs. in Lakh)


1%
1%

1% 0%

2%

ECONOMY, TRADE & COMMERCE


HOUSING & SLUMS

6%

WATER SUPPLY

20%

SEWERAGE
DRAINAGE
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

11%

URBAN TRANSPORTATION

EDUCATION

35%

HEALTH

11%

2%

5%

5%

URBAN ENVIRONMENT
HERITAGE & TOURISM
URBAN GOVERNANCE

14.3 SECTOR WISE INVESTMENT


The projects identified for city of Kotar & its sector wise investment is given in the following sections:

14.3.1 Water Supply


There is a gap of around 1.6 MLD (@ 135 LPCD for target year 2035) of supply in KNP. The total
investment required for this sector will be around 604.10 Lakh.

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III
1
2
4
6
7

WATER SUPPLY
Construction of water treatment plant
Construction of Tube Wells
Construction of OHTs
Distribution pipeline (CI):
Provision of consumer meter on
connections

Unit Rate Cost (In


Unit
(in Lakh)
Lakh)
MLD
80
128.0
No.
10
20.0
1 MLD
10
10.0
373.0

Quantity
1.6
2
1
all

1102

HH

0.03

33.06

Lump
sum

Water Conservation awareness programme


SUB TOTAL WATER SUPPLY

40.0

604.10

14.3.2 Sewerage
Total sewage generation by target year is estimated to be around 1.3 MLD. Total investment
required for this sector will be around 277.5 Lakh. Details of investment required for this sector are
as below:
Unit

Unit
Rate (Rs.
Lakh)

1.3 MLD

75

Quantity
IV SEWERAGE
1 Construction of sewerage treatment plant of 1.3 MLD
capacity
2 Laying down sewerage network
3 Construction of new public toilets (for male &
female) near market and other public places
4 Awareness generation programmes regarding
sanitation
SUB TOTAL SEWERAGE

No.

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)
97.5
150.0

10.0

Lump
sum

20.0

277.5

14.3.3 Drainage
The total investment required to improve the condition of drainage in the city is Rs. 305 lakh.

V DRAINAGE
1 Up gradation of existing drainage facility
De-siltation of Nalla & drains
Construction of pucca drain over existing
kucha drain & covering of all drains
Construction of new drains
SUB TOTAL DRAINAGE

Quantity
3
2
13

Unit
km
km
km

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)
5
15
20

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)
15
30
260

305.0

14.3.4 Solid Waste Management


Total investment required to improve the condition of SWM system in city is around Rs. 135.7 lakh.

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT


1 Construction of vermin compost plant at
landfill site

Quantity

Unit

Lump sum

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)
25
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2 Purchase of Equipments to upgrade SWM
system
Containerized Handcarts
Containerized Tricycles
Community bins for Slums
Silt Removal machine
Containers for domestic hazardous waste
Tractors & Trauly
JCB Machine
Septic Tank Cleaning Machine
3 Establishment of Door-to-Door collection
system
4 Awareness generation programmes
SUB TOTAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

50
10
20
2
5
2
1
1

No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.

0.03
0.17
0.35
10.00
0.29
4.00
22.50
16.00

12.50
1.50
1.70
7.00
20.00
1.45
8.00
22.50
16.00
0.02
20

Lump sum

135.7

14.3.5 Urban Transportation


For achieving the efficient transport system, long term and short term projects are proposed. Shortterm projects include road improvement, Junction improvement and long-term projects include
construction of bus stand. There is a requirement of a total of Rs. 2025 lakh in this sector.

URBAN TRANSPORTATION
Construction of Bus Stand with workshop &
1 Shopping Complex
3 Development of Parking spaces
4 Road Improvement & Widening (8 km)
5 Construction of new roads (5 km)
6 Improvement & beautification of major
intersections
Sub Total Urban Transport

Quantity

Unit

8
5

km
km

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

100
200

Lump sum

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)
75
50
800
1000
100

2025

14.3.6 Education
The projects under education sector are identified completely based on UDPFI guidelines. There is a
requirement of a total of Rs. 34 lakh in this sector.

IX EDUCATION
1 Construction of Primary Schools
2 Construction of Senior Secondary Schools
SUB TOTAL EDUCATION

Quantity
2
1

Unit

No.

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)

7
20

14
20

34

14.3.7 Health
The projects under health sector are also identified completely based on UDPFI guidelines. There is a
requirement of a total of Rs. 80 lakh in this sector.
X HEALTH

COST (in Rs. Lakh)

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1 Up gradation & Development of Primary Health Center (PHC)
SUB TOTAL HEALTH

80

80

14.3.8 Housing & Slums


Redevelopment of slums as to be in-situ or off-situ projects. There is a requirement of a total of
Rs.601 lakh in this sector.
II HOUSING & SLUMS
1 Redevelopment (In-situ / Off-situ) of existing slums
Construction of roads in slums (with road side drains)
Provision of community taps in slums
Street lighting in left out areas of slums
Construction of community toilets (@ 1 seat per 35
person)
2 Construction of 262 EWS housing units
SUB TOTAL HOUSING & SLUMS

Quantity
500
5
10
12
262

Unit

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)

0.035
2.5
3.5
1

17.5
12.5
35
12

524

m
no.
no.
No.
HH

601

14.3.9 Urban Environment


The projects under this sector are recommended to improve the environmental sustainability of the
area. Conservation of water bodies, Development of parks and awareness programme for rain water
harvesting are the major components under this sector. There is a requirement of a total of Rs.132.5
lakh in this sector.

URBAN ENVIRONMENT
Rejuvenation of ponds for Fish culture
Development/ Beautification of Recreational
areas/parks
3 Preparation of disaster management plan of town
4 Community Awareness Programme for Rain Water
Harvesting
SUB TOTAL URBAN ENVIRONMENT
1
2

14.3.10

Quantity

Unit

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

Lump sum
Lump sum

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)
10
100
12.5

Lump sum
Lump sum

10

132.5

Heritage & Tourism

As discussed in the chapter of heritage and tourism, we know that the city does not have any great
potential in tourism sector. There is a requirement of a total of Rs.330.8 lakh in this sector.

HERITAGE & TOURISM


1 Up gradation / beautification of tourist spots
(parking, shed, cafeteria, drinking water facility,
toilet (male & female) and wash room, etc.)

Quantity

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Unit

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)

200
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City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


Historic Gadhi
Development of Light & sound show system
Stage & sitting area for cultural programmes
Theatre
Eating joints (wooden huts) 5
Gardens & walk ways
2 Provision of quality accommodation for tourists
Mobile toilet facility specially in Mela time
Construction of a Dharmshala for poor tourists
SUB TOTAL HERITAGE & TOURISM

14.3.11

Lump sum
Lump sum
Lump sum
Lump sum
Lump sum
Lump sum

20
50
100
25
100
5

Lump sum
Lump sum

0.8
30

330.8

Economy Trade and commerce

Economic development plays crucial role in increasing standard of living of citizens. A total
investment of Rs. 1130 lakh is proposed in this sector. The planned investment is proposed to cover
development of a commercial complex & shopping area, Agro based industries and training
programme in the town.
I ECONOMY, TRADE & COMMERCE
1 Development of small scale Agro based industries
like: Soya Oil & Floor manufacturing plant, Dal
Processing & packing Plant, Bamboo & Jute
Products, Hand craft, Food products, Pan Masala,
Saree fall making, Rakhi making
2 Training to local people for economic activities
3 Development of Commercial complex/ shopping
area
SUB TOTAL ECONOMY, TRADE & COMMERCE

14.3.12

Unit Rate
(Rs. Lakh)

Cost (Rs.
Lakh)

Quantity

Unit

40

Acre

23
LS

920
10

2000

sqm

0.1

200

1130

Urban Governance

To enhance accountability and transparency in the working style of ULB, following projects have
been recommended. To improve the efficiency among the municipal staff, capacity building
programmes and training are mandatory.
XV URBAN GOVERNANCE
1
Establishment of e-governance (E-Samadhan & Tele Samadhan) system
2
Establishment of double accounting and single window system
3
Capacity building of Municipal officials
SUB TOTAL URBAN GOVERNANCE

15
22
7

44

14.4 SECTOR WISE PHASING OF FINANCIAL INVESTMENTS


The prioritization and phasing of projects/investments is done based on the results of third city level
CDP workshop organized by consultant. Technical feasibility for the duration of all the projects is also
taken into consideration. The investment plan for each project is discussed sector wise. The year
wise phasing for all the sectors will be as per the table given below:

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Table 14-2 Year Wise phasing of City Investment Plan
S.
N

Sector
Economy, Trade &

1 Commerce
2 Housing & Slums
3 Water Supply
4 Sewerage
5 Drainage
Solid Waste

6 Management
Urban

7 Transportation
9 Education
10 Health
11 Urban Environment
12 Heritage & Tourism
13 Urban Governance
Sub Total
Land Acquisition &
Other Escalations @
10%

TOTAL

Total
Investme
nt (Lakh)

201620

Phase
II
202125

Phase
-III
202630

Phase
-IV
203135

Phase I
Ist Yr.
(13-14)

IInd Yr.
(14-15)

1130.00

61.00

91.00

374.00

416.00

140.0

48.00

19.83

601.00
604.06

150.25
380.00

225.38
186.00

225.38
16.53

0.00
16.53

0.00
2.50

0.00
2.50

10.54
10.60

277.50
305.00

27.38
22.50

113.63
87.50

97.63
130.00

24.50
52.00

5.00
0.00

9.38
13.00

4.87
5.35

135.67

98.92

20.75

5.00

5.00

5.00

1.00

2.38

2025.00
34.00
80.00

350.00
1.05
0.00

810.00
3.05
28.00

615.00
12.20
52.00

200.00
8.20
0.00

50.00
7.50
0.00

0.00
2.00
0.00

35.53
0.60
1.40

132.50
330.80

15.50
54.10

40.50
143.35

43.00
123.70

13.00
0.95

10.00
0.20

10.50
8.50

2.32
5.80

44.00
5699.53

10.00
1170.7

16.20
1765.35

11.15
1705.5

6.65
742.83

0.00
220.2

0.00
94.88

0.77
100.0

569.95
6269.48

117.07
1287.7

176.54
1941.89

170.56
1876.1

74.28
817.11

22.02
242.2

9.49
104.3

14.5 FINANCIAL OPERATING PLAN


14.5.1 BACKGROUND-Basis of Prioritization
The Financial Operating Plan (FOP) is essentially a multi-year forecast of finances of the urban local
body for a term of 5 to 20 years (plan period). It needs mention that identified investment is phased
from 2012-13 to 2034-35. Also as requirement of TOR an investment plan is prepared for first five
year i.e. from 2012-13 to 2017-18 and the FOP has also been generated for the same plan period.
These five yearly FOP is prepared considering only the core functions of ULB. A salient feature of the
FOP is that all outstanding dues including debt and non-debt liabilities have been taken into account
and the repayment has been scheduled accordingly.
The FOP is basically generated to assess the investment sustaining capacity of the ULB adopting a
project funding structure comprising, funds from the State Government under various government
schemes and direct funding through budgetary allocation; ULB and Private Sector. The major
criterion for ascertaining the investment sustaining capacity of KNP is that, it should have year-toyear positive Opening Balance during the plan period.
The approach adopted by consultants is an integrated one, which is inter-twined together in terms
of financial, institutional and legal reforms into one combined synergistic strategy with components
both at the state level as well as the municipal level.

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City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


14.5.2 Investment Requirements
With a continuous increase in population of KNP city over a period of time, demand for
infrastructure has grown several-folds. As noted in the previous chapters, the population of KNP has
grown near about two times in 2035. Naturally, the demand for the infrastructure has also grown
two times. By 2035, the population is expected to reach a level of 10000.
If we continue with present growth rate, we would find that after few years, existing infrastructure
in terms of solid waste management, drainage, sewerage, drinking water, parking, public
conveniences etc. would fall short way beyond requirement.
After democratic decentralization of urban local governments through the Madhya Pradesh
Municipalities Act, 1961, the range of functions and responsibilities of urban bodies have broadened
which require additional funds and staff.

14.5.3 Sector-wise Investment Requirements


It is proposed that Kotar shall primarily concentrate on essential urban services such as water supply,
sewerage, drainage and solid waste disposal and so on. Whereas provision of services like
education, health care, electricity etc. is responsibility of State and will be dealt by state government
with effective participation of private sector. The cost of providing these services is substantial which
is beyond capacity of Parishad. Kotar will concentrate only on providing core municipal services. The
summary of sector-wise investment requirements are as in Table below:
Table 14-3: Capital Requirement for Next 25 years

S.
N

Sector

1 Economy, Trade & Commerce

Total
Investment
(Lakh)
1130.00

Phase I

Phase II

Phase-III

Phase-IV

2013-20
526.00

2021-25
416.00

2026-30
140.00

203135
48.00

%
19.83

2 Housing & Slums

601.00

601.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

10.54

3 Water Supply

604.06

582.53

16.53

2.50

2.50

10.60

4 Sewerage

277.50

283.63

24.50

5.00

9.38

4.87

5 Drainage

305.00

240.00

52.00

0.00

13.00

5.35

6 Solid Waste Management

135.67

124.67

5.00

5.00

1.00

2.38

2025.00

200.00

50.00

0.00

35.53

34.00

1775.00
16.30

8.20

7.50

2.00

0.60

80.00

80.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

1.40

11 Urban Environment

132.50

99.00

13.00

10.00

10.50

2.32

12 Heritage & Tourism

330.80

321.15

0.95

0.20

8.50

5.80

13 Urban Governance

44.00

37.35

6.65

0.00

0.00

0.77

5699.53

4641.63

742.83

220.20

94.88

100.0

569.95

464.16

74.28

22.02

9.49

7 Urban Transportation
9 Education
10 Health

Sub Total
Land Acquisition & Other
Escalations @ 10%

6269.48 5105.79
817.11
242.22 104.36
TOTAL
Source: SGS Analysis & Calculation
The City investment plans have brought out a detailed examination of various elements involved in
the plan and highlight the options for implementing the programmes under various plan periods.

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Therefore to work out a viable capital improvement programme, it is suggested to select the shortterm and long term programme identified from various elements involved in the City Investment
plan.
The above investment priorities are need to be evaluated based on the financial status of the ULB
through Financial Operating Plan for Identifying their resource generation capacity to sustain for
undertaking capital works.
The shares of different sectors of the total investment in phase one is as shown in table below:
Table 14-4: Total investment in different sectors in phase I

Phase I
Total Investment
(Lakh)
1130.00

I st Yr.
(13-14)
61.00

II nd Yr.
(14-15)
91.00

201620
374.00

2 Housing & Slums

601.00

150.25

225.38

225.38

3 Water Supply

604.06

380.00

186.00

16.53

4 Sewerage

277.50

27.38

113.63

97.63

5 Drainage

305.00

22.50

87.50

130.00

6 Solid Waste Management

135.67

98.92

20.75

5.00

2025.00

350.00

810.00

615.00

34.00

1.05

3.05

12.20

80.00

0.00

28.00

52.00

11 Urban Environment

132.50

15.50

40.50

43.00

12 Heritage & Tourism

330.80

54.10

143.35

123.70

13 Urban Governance

44.00

10.00

16.20

11.15

5699.53

1170.70

1765.35

1705.5

569.95

117.07

176.54

170.56

6269.48

1287.76

1941.89

1876.1

S.N

Sector

1 Economy, Trade & Commerce

7 Urban Transportation
9 Education
10 Health

Sub Total
Land Acquisition & Other Escalations @ 10%

TOTAL

14.5.4 Funding Assistance


Since Kotar is not covered by any central govt. scheme (like JNNURM & UIDSSMT), therefore,
investment plan cannot be prepared in line of these scheme. The quantum of investment is quite
substantial largely because there has been significant backlog in investment over the years.
Currently the ULB can only access infrastructure fund from central and state government as
earmarked in the 13th Finance Commission (Central Government) and 4th State Finance Commission
(State Government). But the availability of funds under these schemes will be grossly insufficient 2
considering the huge amount required for implementation of CDP.

th

13 Finance Commission- 676.39 crore (under general basic grant) for year 2012-15 has been allocated and it will

increase by adding the performance grant of 462.02 crore.to 1138.41 crore After adding the performance grants KNP
may get approximately 1 crore (2012-13 to 2014-15) under this scheme
rd

State Finance Commission- 30 per person has been allocated under 3 SFC along with octroi compensation for all ULBs of
Madhya Pradesh.

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Funding Structure through State Government and PPP
Since the funding of CDP of Kotar cannot be covered under any of the major central government
scheme, therefore the onus lies with state government to fund the CDP implementation process. A
possible funding model is outlined in the ensuing paragraphs. However, the state government may
not be in a position to fund due to the paucity of fund. Further, the state government, through
various innovative funding mechanisms can fund the CDP investment. Error! Reference source not
ound. below shows that project related to solid waste management, street lighting, other social
infrastructure can be done through PPP and rest all projects will be done through direct state
funding, by initially injecting funds for backlog investment in phases. The projects, which cannot be
taken by PPP completely, the government has to do the viability gap funding.
Table 14-5: Funding Pattern of CDP by State Government and PPP

Source of Funding
Projects
Environment
Traffic & Transportation
Tourism

PPP

Additional Assistance for PPP


Through (IL & FS -PMDO)

PPP

State Government
PMDO

State Government
State Government

PMDO
PMDO

State Government
State Government

PPP

Storm Water Drainage


Sewer System

Government

Solid Waste Management


Water Supply

PPP

PMDO
PMDO

State Government
State Government

Housing for Urban Poor


Social Infrastructure
Street Lighting

PPP
PPP
PPP

PMDO
PMDO
PMDO

Central Govt.(through RAY)


State Government
State Government

Urban Planning & Growth

State Government

Urban Governance and


Institutional Setup

State Government

14.5.5 PPP Funding:


Experience the world over has shown that private sector participation (PSP) results in cost savings
and improvement in efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery mainly due to financial and
managerial autonomy and accountability in private sector operations. Besides, it brings in new
investment and better technologies. Therefore, PPP model must be explored on various projects
wherever possible.
The private agencies may be contacted for the projects of solid waste management, other social
infrastructure and street lighting for PPP. For PPP projects Pooled Municipal Debt Obligation (PMDO)
Facility of IL & FS group may be contacted. A brief about PMDO is given below:
PMDO
IL & FS has created an asset management company by the name of IL & FS Urban Infrastructure
Managers Limited (IUIML) to avail the PMDO Facility. Under PMDO the project finance requirements
in the urban sector will be funded from the corpus of Rs. 27.50 billion. It will provide long tenure

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City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


financing up to a period of 13 years. Contributions to this facility have come from leading banks and
financial institutions in the country.
Eligible Borrower:
Urban Local bodies, Special Purpose Vehicles and BOT Operator, who are implementing urban
infrastructure projects, are eligible to access this.
Advantage of PMDO
Service of professional asset manager with urban experience
Assistance to borrower for viability and bankability of projects
Structuring the PMDO assistance to suite the project needs
Common loan documentation
Project specific security creation
Disbursement under one roof
Post disbursement follow up
Activities

Project Identification
Assisting the borrower in structuring projects and internal rating
Placing of the projects for sanction
Issue of disbursement memo and follow up
Loan asset management

14.5.6 International Donor


The ULBs cannot access fund directly from international donors like DFID, USAID, CIDA, GTZ etc. due
to the procedural difficulties. But the state government with the help of central government may
arrange fund for ULB for the CDP implementation.

14.5.7 Formation Project Management Unit and SPVs


The state government must form a PMU and SPVs for the implementation of CDP. These are
required for PPP projects and Non-PPP projects. PMUs and SPVs should consist of a professional
team of technical, financial, business development, administrative & institutional specialists so that
all projects can be implemented on a time.

14.6 14.6 FINANCIAL OPERATING PLAN OF KOTAR


The finance data for the financial year 2006-07 to 2010-11 of KNP have been used as the base to
prepare the FOP. As mentioned earlier, the municipality maintains its account on a cash basis
accounting system. The main items of income and expenditure have been classified into two
accounts for assessing the financial position of the council namely revenue account and capital
account. The same has been adopted for the FOP and further revenue account receipts and
expenditure were projected under following broad categories.
Income
Revenue Receipt

Own Sources- Revenue

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City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


Own Sources- Taxes
Own Sources- Non Taxes

New Taxes
Assigned Revenues
Revenue Grants
Include salary
Matching grants
Other revenue grants

Other Income (Miscellaneous)

Capital Receipts

Expenditure

Revenue Expenditure

Total Establishment Expenditure


O & M Expenditure
Programme Expenditure
Administration Expenditure
Finance & Interest Expenditure
Misc. Expenditure

14.6.1 FOP Scenarios


In Business As Usual, the finances of KNP are forecasted in do nothing, wherein the revenue and
expenditure account of municipality is forecasted based on existing trend (proposed growth rate of
both income and expenditure is considered same as growth rate of past five years). Since the FOP
model is developed to ascertain the high priority investment sustaining capacity, the base case
scenario is developed assuming that there will be no new capital transaction and this will indicate
the KNPs capacity to generate surplus to service capital expenditure. The following Error! Reference
ource not found.6 presents the projected income and expenditure of KNP for Phase I on business as
usual scenario.

Table 144-6: Business as Usual Scenario - KNPs Income and Expenditure

Year

Revenue
Income

Capital
Income

Total
Income

Revenue
Expenditu
re

Capital
Expenditu
re

Total
Expenditu
re

Surplus/De
ficit

2006-07

11823890

79500

11903390

4042486

3045000

7087486

7781404

2007-08

15882000

9450000

25332000

14565100

6400000

20965100

1316900

2008-09

17732000

9500000

27232000

13680800

12410000

26090800

4051200

2009-10

181855200

11500000

193355200

16300000

8700000

25000000

165555200

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2010-11

19600000

10000000

CAGR (in
%)

8.4

-2.05

2013-14

21246400

9795000

2014-15

23031098

2015-16

29600000

14800000

7900000

22700000

4800000

8.95

9.79

31041400

16124600

8673410

24798010

5121800

9594203

32625300

17567752

9522537

27090289

5463346

24965710

9397521

34363231

19140065

10454793

29594859

5825644

2016-17

27062829

9204872

36267702

20853101

11478317

32331419

6209728

2017-18

29336107

9016172

38352279

22719454

12602045

35321499

6616653

2018-19

31800340

8831341

40631681

24752845

13835785

38588630

7047495

2019-20

34471569

8650298

43121867

26968225

15190308

42158533

7503344

As shown in Error! Reference source not found., if the income and expenditure of KNP are projected
n the CAGR of past five FYs, then it will have surplus of 75 lakh. Projecting the income expenditure
on CAGR is impractical mainly because of the reason that municipality does not work in a systematic
way. This can be seen by the fact that CAGR for different heads of income & expenditure are
negative in some heads and are very high in others. Therefore an alternative scenarios based on
practical proposed growth rates have been proposed below.

14.6.2 Alternate Scenarios


After analyzing the above scenario it is felt that KNP can not only enhance its income but also bridge
this gap by:
Private sector participation in implementation of proposed projects;
Prioritizing and phasing of investment
Implementing property tax reforms to increase revenue;
Increasing user charges for water and other urban services
Imposing new taxes
Therefore, consultant proposes alternate scenarios with conservative approach for projecting future
expenditure and liberal approach for projecting future income.
Alternate Scenario - Reforms Implementation (Partially) without new investment
The assumptions for forecasting municipal income and expenditure for the alternate scenario-1
adopted are primarily based on past trends (5-year compound annual growth rate CAGR and
municipal tax collected) taking into consideration implementation of 3-4 Reforms based on partial
reform implementation Tax Collection.
The alternate scenario is presented in Error! Reference source not found.7 and is based on the
ollowing assumptions.

Income by 10%growth per annum


Expenditure by 8% growth per annum

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14.6.3 Analysis of Accounting, Budgeting and MIS with a View to Identify
Weaknesses
The present system of accounting is quite rudimentary and does not provide for any significant
transparency. As the KNPs staff will been trained in using double entry system, it is expected that
soon it may launch computerized accounting system based on double entry accounting, yet it is
difficult to anticipate its immediate results since the system would require restructuring of the
finance and accounts department and also institutional strengthening of the existing manpower.

14.7 14.7 INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK


The following Error! Reference source not found.7 present the institutions involved in implementing
he identified projects.
Table 144-7: Institutional Framework

S. No.

Sectors

Implementing Agency

Economic Growth of the City

KNP/Pvt. Agency

2
3

Environment, Tourism, and Heritage conservation


Traffic and Transportation

KNP/Pvt. Agency
KNP/PWD/Pvt. Agency

Electricity

Electricity Department

5
6

Other Social Infrastructure and Facilities


Street Light

KNP/Pvt. Agency
KNP/ Pvt. Agency

Urban Governance and Institutional Setup

KNP

Housing/Basic Services for Urban Poor

Housing Board/KNP/Pvt.
PHED/PWD

9
10

Education
Health

Education Department
Health Department

11

Fire Services

KNP

Agency/

14.8 14.8 ISSUES

Poor collection efficiency, need to be improved to 85% in three years.

Would require strengthening and capacity building especially in revenue department

Negligible revenue surplus 2-3% to support proposed investment plan.

The Kotar ULB does not have adequate resources to match the contribution required for Central
Govt. or State Govt. sponsored Schemes.

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15

ANNEXURE

S. No
A
1
2

Sectors And Data Required


Physical Planning And Growth Management
Existing plan of the Area
Land use pattern (proposed, actual land use and reasons
for change)
Provision for revising land use according to needs
Latest Ward map of Nagar Parishad with population

5
6

7
8
9
B
1.
2.

3.

4.

Commercial
Establishments Wholesale markets, Retail, Truck
terminals
Location
Trends of growth - Location wise/ Area wise.
Residential
Group Housing, Plotted, Multistoried etc.
Location
Trends of growthLocation wise/Area wise
Industrial
Industries - Small scale, Large scale, Cottage.
Industries, warehouses
Location
Trends of growth Location wise/ Area wise
Open spaces
Playgrounds, Green belts etc.
Location
Trends of growth Location wise/ Area wise
Public/semipublic
Amusement parks, commercial complexes, Clubs.
Location
Trends of growth Location wise/Area wise.
Planning standards being followed
Land values within city and in surrounding areas
Land Records (Book Value)
Variation in Property Prices
Issues related to land use
Issues related to real estate/ its effect on land use pattern
Ongoing and proposed Land Management schemes and
Policies
Urban Environment
Frequency of tests at monitoring stations
Air Pollution
Ambient Air Quality tests (SO2, NOX, SPM, RSPM, HC,
CO, Lead Contents) at Junctions
Type of Fuel and Consumption
No. of Vehicles registered
Water pollution tests
BOD
COD
DO
Coli form
Noise pollution
Industrial Area
Residential
Commercial
Sensitive Areas

Agency

Admin. Level

Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

City, Region
City, Region

Nagar Parishad

City, Region

Nagar Parishad

City, Region

Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

City, Region
City, Region

Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

City, Region
City, Region
City, Region

Pollution Control
Board

City

Pollution Control
Board

Pollution Control
Board

Pollution Control
Board

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City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No
5.

6.

7.

Sectors And Data Required


Solid waste tests
Leaching
Eutrophication
Mode of Transportation
Refuse disposal from cities (biodegradable, non
biodegradable, bio medical wastes)
Quality
Quantity
Location of disposal points
Polluting industries
Volume of solid waste effluents and waste water

8.

Identification of land fill and disposal sites and disposal


methods

Environmental Guidelines, Norms and Acts

10

11

Area under Forests


Area under Reserved forests
Area under Unreserved forests
Area under vested forest
Area under Other vegetation and ground cover
Area under wildlife sanctuaries
Norms Acts and regulations for environmental protection

12

Relief and Topography

13

Slope and Gradient

14

Land Utilization Pattern

15
16
17
18
1

Average annual Rainfall (Yearly Variation)


Average annual Temperature (Yearly Variation)
Relative Humidity
Wind Direction
Urban Poverty
BPL Criteria of the State Government

Income Based BPL population

No of BPL households

Non-Income Based Poverty


Women headed households.
Unemployment rate.
Slum population.
Review of
Employment generation programs
Program for provision of Infrastructure/ shelter in the
Nagar Parishad

D
i

Agency
Pollution Control
Board

Pollution Control
Board

Pollution Control
Board
Pollution Control
Board

Admin. Level
City

City

City

City

Pollution Control
Board
Department of
Forest

City

Department of
Forest
Department of
Geology
Department of
Geology
Department of
Geology
Meteorological Dept
Meteorological Dept
Meteorological Dept
Meteorological Dept

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

City

City
City
City
City
City
City
City

City

City

City

Housing Including Slums


Households and Dwelling Units

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S. No
1

Sectors And Data Required


Total Census Household Units

Total residential units Occupied by Residents

Residential units in Good, Livable, Dilapidated condition

Ownership Status of the Dwelling Units (Owned, Rented,


Others)

Break up of Dwelling Units as per number of habitable


room

Dwelling Units as per number of habitable rooms &


ownership

Condition of Structure (Pucca, Semi Pucca, Kucha)

Material used for Wall

Material used for Floor

10

Material used for Roof

11

Access to Water Supply to Households


Type of Source Households Using.
No. of Households Covered by Type of Sources

12

Access to Sanitation to Households


Households with latrines
No. of Households Covered by Type of Latrines

13

Access to Drainage to Households


Open Drains
Closed Drains
No Drains
Sewerage
Housing projects
Ongoing, committed and proposed projects
Location of projects
Project finance (Govt./ private)

14

Agency
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Census of India,
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

Admin. Level
City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

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City

City

City

City

City

City

City

City

City

City

City

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S. No

Sectors And Data Required


Public private partnership
Housing policies of government
Current
Proposed
Application of regulations, standards and acts
Urban Land Ceiling Act
Rent Control Act
Development control Regulations
Finance for housing
Donor agencies
Schemes and investment by various international,
government, NGOs, private agencies
Different policies and investment for category wise HIG, MIG, LIG by various agencies
Utilization of funds invested
Slum Scenario
Definition of slum
Status of slum (authorized/ unauthorized)
Types of slums
Total no. of slums
Area under slums
Location of slums
Ownership of land under slums
Slum Population
Poverty Headcount
No. of households in slums
Population in unauthorized Housing
Physical Infrastructure availability in slums
Water supply
Average daily piped supply
Slum population per constructed stand post
Distance of stand posts from the household as
well as two stand post
Cost of water
Sanitary facilities
Slum population per constructed public
convenience
Roads
No. of Electricity connections
Existing Solid waste disposal system
Programmes & Policies
Slum development programs and policies
Poverty eradication programs
Awareness campaigns
Land development controls
Ongoing and Slum resettlement and rehabilitation
projects
Targeted subsidies for poor households
NGOs, CBOs or private institutions working in the area
if any
Heritage & Conservation
Inventory of Heritage Areas

Agency

Admin. Level

15

16

17

ii
1

E
1

Walled City
Architectural and Design Principles

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical

City

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

City

City

Page 117

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No

Sectors And Data Required

Policy and Legal Framework

Agencies Involved in Conservation

Conservation Efforts
Department of Tourism
Urban Infrastructure Development Projects

F
1
2

Municipal Finance
Taxation Power
Annual Budget for last 5 years

G
1
2

Institutional Framework and Urban Governance


Institutional Arrangement Region
Constitutional Framework
Functions and Powers
Institutional Issues
Nagar Parishad
Constitutional Framework
Organizational Structure
Functions
Human Resource Management
Issues
Housing Board (HB)
Constitutional Framework and Organizational
Structure
Functions
Issues
Public Health Engineering Department
Constitutional Framework and Organizational
Structure
Jurisdiction and coverage
Public Works Department
Constitutional Framework and Functions
Organizational Structure
Department of Tourism
Constitutional Framework and Functions
Organizational Structure
Private sector intervention
Issue
Institutions Involved in Management of City
Environment
State Pollution Control Board (SPCB)
Constitutional Framework and Functions
Organizational Structure

10

11

Forest Department
Constitutional Framework and Functions
Organizational Structure
Issues
Industrial Development Department
Constitutional Framework and Functions

Agency
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
Nagar Parishad/
Statistical
Department
/Department of
Tourism

Admin. Level
City

City

City

Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

City, District
City, District

Nagar Parishad

City, District

Housing Board (HB)

City, District

Public Health
Engineering
Department

City, District

Public Works
Department

City, District

Department of
Tourism

City, District

Nagar Parishad

City, District

State Pollution
Control Board
(SPCB)

City, District

Forest Department

City, District

Industrial
Development

City, District

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Page 118

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No

Sectors And Data Required


Organizational Structure
Urban Infrastructure and Services
Physical Infrastructure
Water Supply
Surface Water
Sources and Catchments area(Maps)
Total surface water
Flow and Mean Monthly Discharge
Quality of water
Changing surface water levels
(Map showing all types of surface water)
Natural Drainage Pattern
Ground water
Groundwater table
Groundwater potential
Net annual Availability
Quality of groundwater
Total Annual Ground Water Recharge
Sites reserved for Ground water recharge.(Map)
Population Served by
The Nagar Parishad , water supply system with areas ( or
Wards) covered

Agency
Department

Admin. Level

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City, District

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City, District

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Production in water supply system from all sources

City

Per Capita Supply

Unaccounted For Water (UFW)

Source of Water Supply


Surface Source
Present Storage Level
Capacity of Sources
Storage Quantity
Ground Water Source
Location of the Water Storage Sources
No of Intake pumps and Capacity of Each

Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

H
1
i
1

8
9

10

11
12

Treatment
No of Treatment Plants
Production from each source (MLD)
Location of Treatment Plants
Type of Treatment Methods
Capacity Clear Water Reservoirs (CWRs)
Distribution
No. of Overhead Service Reservoirs(OHSRs)
Location of OHSR
Capacity of each OHSR
Area under Supply Zones
Length of Distribution Network
No. of Connections
Residential
Industrial
Commercial
Others

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

City
City
City

City

City

Page 119

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No
13

Sectors And Data Required


Type of Water Supply Connections

14

Duration of Water Supply in each Zones

15

Demand and supply of water in MLD

16
17

18

19

Slum population and area connected for water supply


Demand with respect to residential, industrial and
commercial
Average hours of water supply, per capita consumption,
shortage
Ongoing and proposed projects.

20

Tariff from water user annually.

21

Revenue generated by water

22

Cost for
Laying unit length of water pipe line
Providing connection to a household Maintenance
cost

Cost for treatment facilities.


Private sector inputs & Ongoing Projects with details

23
ii
1

Type of facility - No. of households connected and


population covered
UGD sewage disposal network details

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Census Of India ,
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
Sanitation
Department

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD/ Sanitation
Department
Nagar Parishad/
PWD/ Sanitation
Department

City

City
City
City

City
City

Area Covered
Length
Population Covered
Treatment Facility
Discharge into river

Classification of modes of sanitary waste disposal

Public Toilets

Admin. Level
City

Sewerage And Sanitation

Agency
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

No. of Public Toilets


Locations
Population dependant on them
Maintenance Responsibility
Charge

Sanitation in schools and education facilities

Ongoing projects, proposed projects

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

City

City

Page 120

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No
7
8

Sectors And Data Required


Investment by Nagar Parishad for last 2 FYPs
Cost

Agency
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

Admin. Level
City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD
Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad/
PWD

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

iii
1
2
3
4
5

Total operating cost per year


Total revenue generated
Total staff for sewerage facilities
Maintenance cost per unit length
Cost of establishment of unit length of underground
sewerage
Construction cost in public toilet
Drainage
Existing Drainage network
No. of Households connected with each type of drains
Lined and unlined drainage
Areas prone to water logging
Problems in dry weather and monsoon

Proposed and ongoing projects

iv
1

Solid Waste Management


Sanitation Practices
House-to-house waste collection
Street Sweeping and collection of
sweeping wastes
De-silting of storm water drains
De-silting of sewer lines
De-silting of service lanes
Secondary waste collection
Transportation of wastes
Disposal of wastes
Name Zones covered
Service charge for the non-compliance of SWHR rules and
indiscriminate waste
Residential sources
Shopkeepers
Restaurant Owners
Hotel Owners
Industrial Units
Sweet Shops, Fast food centers, ice cream centers,
juice centers
Urine in public places
Disposing cow dung at public places
Shop equipment construction materials like bricks,
cement, iron rods, stones etc.
Spillage of waste on Nagar Nigam roads
Commercial hoardings, posters etc if pasted on
building gates, walls etc.
Household sewer on public roads
Street cutting with a prior information
Households sewer on common drains

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

City
City
City

Page 121

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No

Sectors And Data Required


Spillage of oil, grease and other earthen materials on
streets etc.
Meat shop wastes i.e. bones, animal parts etc.
Nuisance created by domestic animals on public roads
Marriage reception areas
Meat and fish preparation on open roads and if wastes
are disposed on roads.
Waste from hair cutting saloons
Commercial shops on encroached government land
Solid Waste Management Zones
Functions of Public Health, Public works and Mechanical
(garage) sections
SWM Team in the public health section

Agency

Admin. Level

3
4
5
6

v
1

Solid wastes generation


Type of waste generation
Residential areas
Commercial areas
Hotels
Markets and slaughter houses
Street Sweeping
Biomedical Wastes
Industrial Wastes
Construction and demolition Wastes
Solid Waste Collection
No of Bins in Each Zone
Storage Capacity of the Bin
Solid Waste Transportation
Type of Vehicles
Loader
Dumper Placers
Tippers
Tractors
JCBs
Cess pool empties
Clinical waste carrier van
Tricycle
Wheelbarrows
Dumper Pulsar
No of Vehicles
Year of Purchase
Waste Carrying Capacity
Make of the Vehicle
No of Trips per Vehicle
Disposal System
Area Disposal Site
Type of Disposal Treatment
Location of the Site
Capacity of Disposal Site
Electricity
Housing & Slums
No of Electricity Connections
Consumption in a year
Industry Trade and Commerce
No of industries having power connection
Total power consumption in a year

Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

City
City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Page 122

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No
3

vi
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
vii
1

2
i
1

ii
1

I
1

Sectors And Data Required


Charges per unit.
Infrastructure
Source/ Grid
No. of Sub-station, its Location and Capacity
Demand & Supply for Residential, Commercial, and
Industrial.
Transmission and other losses due to theft
Ongoing and proposed projects
Costing
For laying new lines unit length
For maintenance
Investment by Govt./Private
Revenue generated
Fire Services
No. of Fire Tenders
Capacity of Fire Tenders
Coverage of Fire Services
No. of Fire Incidents reported in the City
No. of Fire Incidents attended by Fire Department
Tools available with Fire Department
Availability of Source of Water Supply for Fire Tenders
Total Staff Implied in Fire Department
Organizational Structure of the Fire Department
Street Lightening
Street lighting status
Total area covered
Type of Poles
No. of Poles
Type of Light Used with number
Distance between the pole maintained
Total electricity bill for street lightening in a year
Total maintenance cost for street lighting in a year
Social Infrastructure
Education
Govt./private education facilities
Total Number of Education Institutions
Type of Educational Institutions
Location of educational institutions
Number of teachers
Number of students and location
No of Rooms
Availability of Drinking water facility
Availability of sanitation facility
Availability of playing ground
Availability of transportation facility
Health
Govt./Private Health Facilities
Total Number of Health Institutions
Type of Health Institutions
Location of Health institutions
Number of Doctors
Number of Nurses
Number of Beds
Facilities available in each Health Institution
Traffic and Transportation
Distance from Major Cities

Agency

Admin. Level

Nagar Parishad

City

Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department
Fire Department

City
City
City
City
City
City
City
City
City

Nagar Parishad

City

Department of
Education

City

Health Department

City

Nagar Parishad

City

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Page 123

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No
2
3

J
1
2
3

Sectors And Data Required


Regional Linkages
Traffic volume on different road network, Passenger
volume, Goods volume

Agency
Nagar Parishad
Nagar Parishad

Admin. Level
City
City

Roads and Inter Sections


Road Inventory of the major Corridors and Traffic
Characteristics
Length of road by Jurisdiction (Arterial, sub arterial,
collector, approach)
Length of roads by Surface Classification (Mettled/
Unmetaled)
Surface condition of different roads
Type of City level road network
ROW of different roads, Road map
No. of Intersection points and their location
Signalized Inter sections
Rotary Intersection
Classification of junctions (cross, T section, circular
etc.)
Traffic condition at intersections
No. and location of traffic signals and flyovers.
Parking
Location of on Street Parking
Inventory of Peak Parking Accumulation
Area of Parking
Location of Parking Facility
Capacity of Parking Facility
Inventory of Identified Multi level Off-street Parking
Facilities
Area of Parking
Location of Parking Facility
Capacity of Parking Facility
Public Transportation
Public private operators, their fleets (intra-city,
intercity)
Bus Terminals, bus stops
Number of bus route
Routes taken by them (map)
No. of buses on different routes
Avg. no of passengers.
Tourism
Average Monthly arrival of tourist (tourist volume)
Domestic and Foreign
Average annual tourist arrivals for neighboring cities.
Domestic and Foreign
Origin of Tourists
International
Inter-state
Inter-city

Nagar Parishad

City

Nagar Parishad

City

Department of
Public
Transportation,
Nagar Parishad

City

Department of
Tourism
Department of
Tourism
Department of
Tourism

City

Department of
Tourism

City

Nature/Type of Tourist spots

City
City

Scenic
Heritage
Shopping
Leisure

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Page 124

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No
5

Sectors And Data Required


Number of Hotels

8
9
10

11
K
1

Number of Rooms and Classification


Number of Beds

Investment on infrastructure
government agencies

Admin. Level
City

Nagar
Parishad,
Department
of
Tourism

Number of Guest Houses

Number of Rooms and Classification


Number of Beds

Agency
Nagar
Parishad,
Department
of
Tourism

Government/Non-

Tourist Circuits ( various Packages ) - interstate/ intercity


Direct Employment generated
Project, programmes & policies National Tourist Policies, state tourism policies,
Regulations
Ongoing projects, programmes
Proposed projects, programmes
Maps
Tourist spots, Tourist circuits
Industrial Infrastructure
Number of Large and Medium Industries
Machine Tools and Parts
Agro, Food and Allied Products
Electronics and Related Products
Electrical and Allied Products
Textiles
Cement and Cement Products
Chemical, Gases, Lubricants and
Plastics
Metal and Allied Products
Automobile and Parts
Ceramics and Glassware
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals
Minerals, Stones, Lime and Lime
Number of Units in the above categorization

Total Employment in Industries in Each Category of


Industry

Number of Industrial Areas

Location of Industrial Areas

Status of Industrial area


No. of Plots
Allotment of Plots
Area Covered by Each Industrial area
Processing Area

Department of
Tourism

City

Department of
Tourism
Department of
Tourism
Department of
Tourism

District
City
City

Department of
Tourism

City

District Industrial
Center,
City Investment
Plan,

City

District Industrial
Center
City Investment Plan
District Industrial
Center
City Investment Plan
District Industrial
Center
City Investment Plan
District Industrial
Center
City Investment Plan
District Industrial
Center
City Investment Plan

City

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

City

City

City

City

City

Page 125

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


S. No

Sectors And Data Required


Development Status
Investment in Industrial Area

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Agency

Admin. Level

Page 126

Urban Administration and Development Department


Government of Madhya Pradesh

City Development Plan 2035, Kotar, Satna


Attendance sheet Of Workshop:

SGS Infotech Pvt. Ltd, Gurgaon

Page 127