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# PG Brainstormer - 5C

PG Brainstormer - 5 C
KINEMATICS, NLM, FRICTION, WORK, ENERGY, POWER & MOMENTUM CONSERVATION

## An Ultimate Tool to understand advanced High School Physics

by ASHISH ARORA Sir

Time Allowed
Maximum Marks

60 Min
60

Instruction : Each question from 1 to 20 is of 3 Marks and there is a negative marking of -1 Mark.

## Single Choice CorrectAnswer Type Questions (Q. No. 1 to 20)

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The Questions given in this section are MCQs with four answer options (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is
correct. Choose the correct answer and fill the answer in the OMR sheet provided at the end.

1.

An engine pumps up 1000 kg of coal from a mine 100 m deep in 0.5 sec. The pump is running with diesel and
efficiency of diesel engine is 25 %. Then its power consumption will be (g = 10 m/sec2) :
(A) 200 kW
(B) 8000 kW
(C) 1000 kW
(D) 500 kW

2.

A single wire ACB passes through a ring at C attached to a sphere which revolves at a
constant speed in the horizontal circle of radius r as shown in the figure. The speed of
the revolution is :
(A)

rg

(B)

2rg

(C) 2 2rg
(D) 2 rg

a b
(A) ,
3 3

4.

30
B
60
r

xy
A thin rectangular plate with sides of length a and b has mass per unit area varying as = 0 where 0 is a
ab
constantand origin is taken at one corner of the plate. The centre of mass coordinates of the plate are :
a b
(B) ,
2 2

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3.

a 2b
(C) ,
3 3

2a 2b
(D) ,
3 3

A light particle moving horizontally with a speed of 12 m/s strikes a very heavy block moving in the same direction
at 10 m/s. The collision is one-dimensional and elastic. After the collision, the particle will :
10 m/s

12 m/s

## (A) Move at 2 m/s in its original direction

(C) Move at 8 m/s opposite to its original direction

6.

## A man is supplying a constant power of 500 J/s to a massless string by pulling it at a

constant speed of 10 m/s as shown. It is known that kinetic energy of the block is
increasing at a rate of 100 J/s. Then the mass of the block is :
(A) 5 kg
(B) 3 kg
(C) 10 kg
(D) 4 kg

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## (B) Move at 8 m/s in its original direction

(D) Move at 12 m/s opposite to its original direction

60
m

In gravity-free space, a man of mass M standing at a height h above the floor throws a ball of mass m straight down
with a speed u. When the ball reaches the floor, the distance of the man above the floor will be :
(A) h 1 m
M

m
(B) h 2
M

(C) 2 h

## (D) A function of m, M, h and u

7.

PG Brainstormer - 5C
A particle of mass m moves on a straight line with its velocity varying with the distance travelled according to the
equation v = a x , where a is a constant. Find total work done by all the forces during a displacement from
x = 0 to x = d.
ma 2 d
ma 2 d
(A) ma2d
(B) 2 ma2d
(C)
(D)
2
2

8.

A spacecraft of mass M moving with velocity v in free space explodes and breaks into two pieces. After the
explosion, a mass m of the space craft is left stationary. The velocity of the other part is :
mv
Mv
M m
Mv
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
M m
M m
M
M

9.

Two particle one of mass m and the other of mass 2 m are projected horizontally
towards each other from the same level above the ground with velocities 10 m/s
and 5 m/s respectively. They collide in air and stick to each other. The distance
from A where the combined mass finally land is :
(A) 40 m
(B) 20 m
(C) 30 m
(D) 45 m

2m
10 m/s

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10.

5 m/s

60 m

A shell of mass 100 g moving with speed of 50 ms1 along a straight line inclined at an angle tan 1 4 to the
3
horizontal bursts into two pieces. The piece of mass 60 g starts moving horizontally with a speed of 50 ms1. The
other piece moves with a speed of :
(A) 50 ms1 opposite to the first piece
(B) 100 ms1 in vertically downward direction
1
(C) 50 ms in the same direction as the first piece
(D) Zero : (remains at rest)
A 2.0 kg block is attached to one end of a spring with a spring constant of 100 N/m and a 4.0 kg block is attached
to the other end. The blocks are placed on a horizontal frictionless surface and set into motion. At one instant the
2.0 kg block is observed to be traveling to the right with a speed of 0.5 m/s and the 4.0 kg block is observed to be
traveling to the left with a speed of 0.30 m/s. Since the only forces on the blocks are the force of gravity, the normal
force of the surface, and the force of the spring, we conclude that :
(A) The spring is compressed at the time of the observation
(B) The motion was started with the masses at rest
(C) The motion was started with at least one of masses moving
(D) The motion was started by compressing the spring

12.

A body of mass m slides downward along a plane inclined at an angle . The coefficient of friction is . The rate at
which kinetic energy plus gravitational potential energy dissipates expressed as a function of time is :
(A) mtg2 cos
(B) mtg2 cos (sin cos )
2
(C) mtg sin
(D) mtg2 sin (sin cos )

13.

Five masses are placed in a plane as shown in figure. The coordinates of the
centre of mass are nearest to :
(A) 1.2, 1.4
(B) 1.3, 1.1
(C) 1.1, 1.3
(D) 1.0, 1.0

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14.

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11.

y
2

3 kg

4 kg

5 kg
1 kg
0

2 kg
1

The cause of increase in kinetic energy when a man starts running without his feet slipping on ground is asked
from two students.
Ricky : Cause of increase in kinetic energy is work done by friction force without which he cannot run.
Anil : Causes of increase in kinetic energy is work done by internal force of the body.
(A) Ricky is correct, Anil is wrong
(B) Anil is correct, Ricky is wrong
(C) Both are correct
(D) Both are wrong

15.

16.

PG Brainstormer - 5C
The coordinates of the centre of mass of a system of three particles of masses 1 mg, 2 mg and 3 mg is (2, 2, 2). Where
should a fourth particle of mass 4 mg be positioned so that the centre of mass of the four particle system is at the
origin of the three-dimensional rectangular coordinate system ?
(A) At (1, 1, 1)
(B) At (2, 2, 2)
(C) At (3, 3, 3)
(D) At ( 3, 3, 3)
A square of side 4 cm and of uniform thickness is divided into four equal squares. If one
of them is cut off (OECF), then the position of the centre of mass of the remaining
portion from O is :

1
cm
3
5
(C)
cm
3

2
cm
3
2
(D)
cm
3
(B)

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(A)

17.

The potential energy of a particle is determined by the expression U = (x2 + y2), where is a positive constant.
The particle begins to move from a point with the coordinates (3, 3) (m), only under the action of potential field
force. Then its kinetic energy T at the instant when the particle is at a point with the coordinates (1, 1) (m) is :
(A) 8
(B) 24
(C) 16
(D) Zero

18.

A meter rule weighing 100 gm rests on a table with a part projecting over the edge. The length of the part projecting
out if a 5 gm body hung at the end just tills the rule is :
(A) 37.5 cm
(B) 26.8 cm
(C) 40.2 cm
(D) 47.6 cm

19.

A simple pendulum of bob of mass m and length l has one of its ends fixed at the centre O of a vertical circle, as
shown in the figure. If = 60 at the point P, the minimum speed u that should be given to the bob so that it
u
completes vertical circle is :
gL

(C)

5 gL
2

(B) 2gL
(D)

3 gL
2

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A cannon and a supply of cannon balls are inside a sealed rail road car at rest. The cannon fires to the right, the car
recoils to the left. The balls remain in the car at rest after hitting the farther wall. Assume friction to be absent. If L is
the length of the rail road car, D is the distance traversed by the rail road car relative to the ground, m is the total mass
of cannon balls fired and M is the total mass of remaining system (cannon + car) then :
ML
mL
(A) D > L
(B) D < L
(C) D =
(D) D =
M m
M m

* *

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20.

(A)

PG Brainstormer - 5C

PG Brainstormer - 5 C
KINEMATICS, NLM, FRICTION, WORK, ENERGY, POWER & MOMENTUM CONSERVATION

## An Ultimate Tool to understand advanced High School Physics

by ASHISH ARORA Sir

60 Min
60

GA
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XY

Time Allowed
Maximum Marks

## OMR Sheet for the PG Brainstormer - 5C (MECHANICS)

A B C D
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

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10

A B C D

11

PG Brainstormer - 5C

PG Brainstormer - 5 C
KINEMATICS, NLM, FRICTION, WORK, ENERGY, POWER & MOMENTUM CONSERVATION

## An Ultimate Tool to understand advanced High School Physics

by ASHISH ARORA Sir

Time Allowed
Maximum Marks

60 Min
60

ANSWER KEY
3. (D)
12. (B)

4. (B)
13. (C)

5. (D)
14. (B)

6. (A)
15. ((D)

7. (C)
16. (D)

8. (B)
17. (C)

9. (A)
18. (D)

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2. (A)
11. (C)
20. (D)

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1. (B)
10. (B)
19. (B)