R UIM T EL IJ K P L A NB U R E A U

A T L A S OF AIRPORTS IN NORTHWEST EUROPE

Netherlands Institute for Spatial Resea rch

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A T L A S OF AIRPORTS IN NORTHWEST EUROPE

* Description of a selection of airports in Northwest Europe

Project Regional Airports in NWE substudy Atlas of Airports Lia van den Broek Kersten Nabielek Ruimtelijk Planbureau, Den Haag October 2004, version 1.0

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Published by Ruimtelijk Planbureau Study Airports The Atlas of Airports is a product of the study Regional Airports in NWE of Ruimtelijk Planbureau. The results of this study will be published in 2005. Other products of the study of Airports: - European regional airports in competition - Proximity in a changing context, European regional airports in competition - Workshop Design airport

INDEX
Index & Preview, 5 Description of airports - index, 6 Netherlands, 8 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, 10 Rotterdam Airport, 20 Eindhoven Airport, 30 Maastricht-Aachen Airport, 40 Groningen Airport Eelde, 50 Enschede Airport Twente, 60 Lelystad Airport, 70 Airports in the Netherlands, 80 Belgium, 84 Brussels National Airport Brussels South Charleroi Airport Antwerp Airport Liège Airport Germany, 94 Frankfurt Airport, 96 Düsseldorf International Airport, 98 Hamburg Airport, 100 Cologne-Bonn Airport, 102 Stuttgart Airport, 104 Hannover Airport, 106 Frankfurt Hahn Airport, 108 Bremen Airport, 110 Münster-Osnabrück Airport, 112 Dortmund Airport, 114 Airport Düsseldorf-Weeze, 116 Düsseldorf Airport-Mönchengladbach, 118 France, 120 Paris GDC Airport, 122 Paris Orly Airport, 124 Paris Beauvais-Tillé Airport, 126 Lille Airport, 128 Luxembourg, 130 Luxembourg Airport, 132 Great Britain, 134 London Heathrow Airport, 136 London Gatwick Airport, 138 London Stansted Airport, 140 London Luton Airport, 142 London City Airport, 144 Nottingham East Midlands Airport, 146 Airports in NW Europe, 148 List of data of selected airports Technical terms, 152 Bibliography & Colophon, 154

INTRODUCTION
The aviation market in Europe is taking off. Flying is becoming increasingly popular. Not only is it fast, but budget airlines have made flying inexpensive as well. Existing regional airports are being expanded; new airports are being developed and achieve rapid growth. The growth of these airports has land-use and economic implications for their regions. An international airport is an important motor of the regional economy. Airports are often viewed as an important precondition for the generation of international business activity and employment. They also place huge demands on the surrounding area, both directly (the airport grounds and its infrastructure) and indirectly (zoning of noise levels and safety). Direct land-use demands of an airport can conflict with the spatial development of its surroundings. Local authority plans to extend residential areas, for example, can come into conflict with the desires of airports for additional growth. On the other hand, indirect land-use considerations can constrain ambitions for further airport growth. The growth in air traffic elicits varied responses from society. The decision to allow Rotterdam Airport to remain open longer, for example, was praised by the business sector because it would bolster the regional economy, but met with suspicion by local residents and neighboring communities concerned about additional disturbances (Haagsche Courant, 7 August 2004). When developing airport policy, it is therefore necessary to gain insight into the use of space by airports and the spatial demands of their surroundings. A clear overview of the spatial situation of airports has been notably absent however. This atlas provides an overview of almost forty airports in Northwest Europe. The selection criteria were that each airport must be within a two hours’ reach of the Netherlands, and that they accommodate international passenger transport. All of the airports and their direct impacts on land-use are illustrated using data and maps. The information is divided into three themes: organization, air traffic and airport grounds. For Dutch airports, not just the direct but also the indirect land-use impacts are depicted using maps that identify safety and noise zones, the development sites of surrounding local authorities and data regarding noise levels. The Netherlands Institute for Spatial Research (RPB) has given a first impression of Northwest European airports into this atlas. This can be used as a tool for the further development of airport policy in the Netherlands and elsewhere. There are plans to expand this atlas to include more detail information about the areas surrounding of the Dutch and foreign airports, for example. Cooperation with partners (abroad) will be sought for this.

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DESCRIPTION OF AIRPORTS - INDEX
MAP
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DATA AIRPORT Airport-Organization - Position - Opening hours and (noise) restrictions - Operatior / Ownership / shares - Finance - Region, business area, employability AIR TRAFFIC Connectivity - Airlines and destinations Air traffic statistics - Air movements - Passengers - Freight and mail

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Geilenkirchen military air base

Zutendaal Airport

Maastricht Aachen Airport
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Germany

AIRPORT-REGION - cities - business & tourism area - infrastructure - interesting point

Aachen

Liège Airport

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AIR TRAFFIC Destinations - scheduled / charter flights - continental / intercontinental

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P4 P3

Military air base

Eindhoven Airport industrial park 57 ha

AIRPORT-SITE - runway - buildings (e.g. terminals & offices) - infrastructure (e.g. access, parking spaces) - businessarea

Flight Forum (under construction) 30 ha (85 ha)

Lake Forum (planned)

AIRPORT-SITE Infrastructure - Size - Runways - Terminals and capacities - Facilities - AirportCity Accessibility - Train / Bus link - Modal split - Parkingarea and parking fees SURROUNDING Noise - Complains - Type of noise - Area of noise complains Development surrounding airport - Residential area, Business area, Infrastructure, Nature (recreation)

Housing (VINEX) Emerald/Delfgauw 2400 dwellings

Housing (VINEX) Pijnacker Zuid 3450 dwellings Housing (VINEX) Meerpolder 1960 dwellings (2001-2007)

Greenhouse area Haagelanden 2001-2020

DELFT
Industrial Area TU Zuid 70 Ha (planned)

Industrial Area De Ruyven (under construction)

Housing (VINEX) Westpolder/Bolwerk 2800 dwellings

BERKEL EN RODENRIJS

Housing (VINEX) Oosteilandsche Acker 1400 dwellings

Housing (VINEX) Boterdorp Zuidwest 1040 house dwellings

Industrial Area Oudeland 80 Ha (2004-2012)

BERGSCHENHOEK

47 Bkl
SCHIEBROEK
Business Park Noordrand Stedelijke Ontwikkelingszone 30 Ha (2005-2020)

20 Ke

Housing Sveaparken 1000 dwellings

KERKBUURT

35 Ke

OVERSCHIE

Housing Zestienhoven 1450 dwellings (study area)

SURROUNDING - position airport & runways - noise contouren - safety contouren - flight routes - development sites

Industrial Area 's Gravenland/Spaanse Polder 57 Ha (reconstruction)

SCHIEDAM

ROTTERDAM

Comments: Explanation of used terms is given at the end, including sources of data in general. If we used other sources for certain data, then it will be given seperate.

Airports > 20 m pass./year 2-20 m pass./year < 2 m pass./year
Hamburg

Railways Main connections High-speed planned

Nottingham East Midlands

Groningen Eelde

Bremen

London Luton

High-speed connections (>200 km/h)

London Stansted Amsterdam Schiphol London City Rotterdam

Lelystad Hannover Enschede Twente Münster Osnabrück

London Heathrow Eindhoven Antwerpen

Düsseldorf Weeze Düsseldorf Mönchengladbach

Dortmund Düsseldorf

London Gatwick

Brussels National Lille Brussels South Charleroi

Maastricht Aachen Liege

Cologne-Bonn

Paris Beauvais-Tillé Paris Charles de Gaulle

Luxembourg

Frankfurt Hahn

Frankfurt

Airports and highspeed train network in Northwest Europe
Paris Orly Stuttgart