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National Update on

Pavement Preservation
by

R. Gary Hicks
Professor Emeritus, Civil Engineering
Oregon State University
and

James S. Moulthrop
Koch Pavement Solutions
for

2000 Western Pavement Maintenance Forum


January 13-14, 2000

Presentation Outline
Current State of Practice
Partnership Issues
Challenges/Needs Facing the
Industry
Final thoughts

Credits
FHWA Pavement Preservation
team
TRB committee on Pavement
Maintenance
Foundation for Pavement
Preservation

Part I:
Current State of Practice

Roads Are An Investment


42,795 miles of Interstate.
3.9 million miles of State and local
roadways.
Annual travel is estimated to be
over 2.5 trillion vehicle -miles/year.
Public invested more than $129
billion to construct the Interstate.

Current Situation
48.7% rural and 60% urban
Interstate mileage is rated in fair-topoor condition.
Increased financial demands and
down-sizing of highway agencies.
Highway users, our customers,
identified improved pavement
conditions and reduction of traffic
delay as top priorities.

What do our customers


want? Get In!
Stay In!
Get Out!
Stay Out!

What Needs to Be Done?


Meet the customers demands.
Must make existing capital
investments last longer.
Stretch available funding further.
Reduce the frequency of costly,
time consuming, traffic disrupting
rehab/reconstruction projects.

What Can We Do?


We must learn to be proactive
...not reactive.

How?
By adopting a Pavement
2
Preservation, P , philosophy.

What is Pavement
Preservation?
Taking the right action...
at the right time...
on the right pavement.

2
P

How does
Meet the
Customers Needs?
Reduces frequency of doing work on
the pavement.
Better performance makes more
satisfied users.
Provides a steady state pavement
condition.
Cost Effective.extends $$$.
Provides safer, smoother roads.

What is Pavement
Preservation?

Pavement Preservation, P2 , is the sum of


all activities undertaken to provide and
maintain serviceable roadways, including:

Preserving investment in the NHS.


Enhancing pavement performance.
Ensuring cost-effectiveness.
Extending pavement life.
Reducing user delays.
Improved safety and mobility.

What is Pavement
Preservation?
Includes:
Preventive
Maintenance
Minor
Rehabilitation
(non-structural)
Some Routine
Maintenance

Does Not Include:


New Construction
Reconstruction
Major Rehabilitation
(increase structural
capacity)
Corrective Maintenance

Components of Pavement
Preservation
Pavement
Preservation
Preventive
Maintenance

Minor
Rehabilitation

Routine
Maintenance

Infrastructure Activities
New Construction
Capital Improvement
Activities

Reconstruction
Major (Heavy) Rehabilitation
Structural Overlay

Pavement Preservation
Activities

Minor (Light) Rehabilitation


Preventive Maintenance
Routine Maintenance

Maintenance Activities Reactive (Corrective) Maintenance


Catastrophic Maintenance

Preservation Treatments
Asphalt:

Chip Seals
Fog Seals
Slurry Seals
Surface Seals
Microsurfacing
Thin Overlays
Profile Milling
Crack Sealing

PCC:

Joint Resealing
Crack Sealing
Spall Repair
Dowel Bar Retrofit
Full and Partial Depth
Repair
Diamond Grinding

Typical Factors Affecting


Treatment Selection

Surface type and extent of distress


Climate
Cost effectiveness of treatment
Availability of qualified contractors and
materials
Traffic type & volume
Facility down-time (user delay)

Preventive Maintenance
As defined by AASHTO:
Preventive maintenance is a planned strategy

of cost effective treatments to an existing


roadway system and its appurtenances that
preserves the system, retards future
deterioration, and maintains or improves
the functional condition of the system (without
substantially increasing structural capacity).

Preventive Maintenance
Funding Status

ISTEA:

TEA-21:

First highway bill


to allow Federal
funds for PM
activities
Demonstrate cost
effectiveness
Address safety
deficiencies

Barriers removed
Greater flexibility
to address safety
More funding with
fewer strings
Federal funding
increased to 80%

Pavement Condition

Concept of Pavement
2
Preservation (P )
Original Pavement
Preventive
Trigger
Optimal Timing

Time / Traffic

Rehabilitation
Trigger

Part II:
Partnership
Initiatives

Current Initiatives

Expert Task Group (ETG)


Training Course Series
Research Projects
AASHTO Lead State
Team/Subcommittee on
Maintenance
Pavement Preservation Forum
Workshops

Expert Task Group


Supported through cooperation
between FHWA and FP2
Industry/agency cross cutting team
Input and technical support for all
FHWA sponsored activities in P2
Meets periodically to discuss
current and plan future activities

2
P

Training Courses

Jointly funded by
FHWA, AASHTO and
industry.
Development guided by
the ETG and technical
panel.
Series of at least 4
courses.
First course has been
developed.

NHI Course Listing


The Preventive Maintenance Concept

NHI Course #13154 - completed


Selecting Pavements for PM NHI
Course #13158 - in development
Design and Construction of Quality PM
Treatments - 2001
Integrating PM into Pavement
Management Systems - 2002

The Preventive Maintenance


Concept Course #1
Modular 16-hour course aimed at
upper and mid-level managers
Overview of effective PM techniques
and cost-effectiveness
Policy issues, funding strategies,
needs and benefits to be gained
Development completeavailable in
Jan. 2000

Selecting Pavements for

PM Course #2
Targeted at field decision makers
Project selection and evaluation
(optimal timing)
Materials consideration
Construction operations for quality PM
Currently in development - Fall 2000

Design and Construction of


Quality PM Treatments Course #3
Best of the best.
Workshop scenarios.
Emphasis on quality design and
workmanship.
12-15 treatment modules.
Currently in planning stages for
2001.

Integrating Preventive
Maintenance into Pavement
Management Systems - Course #4
Integrate PM concepts, trigger
values, funding programming into
pavement management systems.
Many questions still need to be
answered.
Anticipated by year 2002-2003.

Current Research Projects


NCHRP 14-14: Optimal Timing of
Preventive Maintenance
NCHRP 20-50(02) - Performance of jointed
vs. un-jointed PCC pavements.
NCHRP 20-50(03/04) - Effectiveness of
maintenance & rehab options.
Southern region SPS-3 close-out study.
Ongoing State efforts.

AASHTO Lead States


Team
Promoted philosophy.
Outreach and expertise.
Critical review of LTPP, SPS-3 &
SPS-4 projects.
Developed research protocols.
Series of P2 videos.
Transition to AASHTO-SOM.

2
P

Videos

Supplements training
courses
1st video Protecting Our
Pavements.
Features 5 Chief
Executives.
3000 distributed
worldwide.
2nd video in production.

Forum for the Future


Held in October 1998 in Kansas City.
120 stakeholders from 32 States and
Canada.
Identified roadblocks, barriers, and
obstacles in P2 implementation.
Management, marketing, local
government, research, training, and
data management.
Developed Road Map for the Future.

Workshops - Conferences
Over 35 workshops, seminars and
presentations supported by
industry/agencies.
Sharing information / developing a
better understanding.
Very positive feedback.
State & local governments considering
P2 programs with dedicated funding.

Part III:
Challenges
For the Future

2
P

Implementation
Challenges

Change in philosophy.
Upper management commitment.
Development of a clear vision.
Lack of dedicated funding.
Expanded performance & technical
data.
Awareness and education (public,
agency, and industry).

Specific Challenges
Better understanding of pavement
preservation and preventive
maintenance
Eliminating the art and introducing
science
Integrating pavement performance data

Specific Challenges
(cont.)

Performance related specifications


Improve quality initiatives
Continue research and training
Address urban preservation issues

Meeting The Challenges


Through Partnerships:
AASHTO
FHWA
Foundation for
Pavement
Preservation (FP2)
Other industries
and stakeholders

Future FHWA
Initiatives
Implementation of Pavement
Preservation Roadmap.
National Conference on Pavement
Preservation.
P2 clearinghouse / web site.
Continue research and
training/workshop development.
P2 scanning tour.

Part IV
Final Thoughts

Final Thoughts
The foundation is in
place.
P2 is regionally
dependent.
Dedicated funding is
critical for success.
What to do when?
needs to be answered.

More Final Thoughts


Experiences need
to be shared.
Need to conduct
necessary
research.
Integration of P2
and PMS.

Partnership is the key


to success!

Pavement Preservation
is not new...
its just doing the right thing,
at the right time, to the right
pavement.