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The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

PLANNERFORTHECOLLEGEBOARDSSATREADINESSPROGRAMALGEBRA

Focusstrategy/objective: Evaluatingmultiplechoicequestionsinordertoselectthemostappropriateanswer
choicefromthegivenchoices.
Studentsdemonstratetheeffectiveuseofrealnumberpropertiestojustifytheeliminationofthree

erroneousdistracters.
Howwillstudentlearningbemeasuredattheendofthelesson?(Whatwillcountassuccess?)

Materials:Memorygamesets(Match&Gogame)with12questionsineach,scrappaper,pencil,calculators
(optional)
Setup:Haveonesetofmemorygamecardspergroupreadyfordistribution.

DIRECTINSTRUCTION

IntroducingLesson

Modeling

Today we are going to look at how we evaluate multiplechoice questions in algebra. We are
goingtouseourknowledgeofmathematicalpropertiestoeliminatedistracters.
o Nowremindus:
o HowmanymultiplechoicemathquestionsdoestheSATcontain?
o Approximately,howmanyquestionsarethereonthistopic?
o Howmanychoicesdoeseachquestioncontain?
o Howmuchiseachcorrectchoiceworth?
o Howmuchiseachincorrectchoiceworth?
o Arequestionspresentedinorderofdifficulty?
(Marzano:PriorKnowledge)

IntheSATyoucouldbeaskedquestionsthatrelyonyourknowledgeofbasicnumberfactsand
algebraicproperties.Theseincludethepropertiesof:
o oddandevennumbers
o signednumbers(integers)
o exponents
o factoringusingthedistributiveproperty
o thezeroandidentitypropertiesand
o solvingequations

Thesequestionscouldbeaskedintheformofwordproblems.
EasyProblem:
If12+24X=24X+12,whichofthefollowingmustbetrueforthisequation?

Irecognizethatthisisthecommutativepropertyofaddition.Icaneliminatechoice(D)rightaway
becausetherewillbeasolution.BecauseIknowthatthispropertyistrueforallrealnumbers,it
doesntmatterwhatthevariableis,somyanswermustbechoice(E).
HarderProblem:

If

3k
= 3 2 ,forrealnumberskandmthenkmustequalto
m
3

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Iknowfrommypropertiesofexponentsthat

3k
= 3k m soIknowthatkmmustequal.Ithensolve
m
3

theequationtoisolatekbyaddingmtobothsides.Somyanswerischoice(A).

Haveago

If

r t
= 1,whatisthevalueof rt su ?
s u

(A)1
(B)0
(C)1
(D)2
(E)Itcannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.
(Marzano:Practice)

PRACTICE
ExplainingActivity

NotetoInstructor:Gamecardsneed
tobecopiedoncardstock,cutout
andplacedinthestudentswork
folders.

TeacherRoleDuringActivity

Now,ladiesandgentlemen,wearegoingtoputyourknowledgeofmathematicalpropertiestothe
testbyplayingagamecalledMatch&Go.
WhenplayingMatch&Goyouwillhavetomatchthemultiplechoicequestionwiththe
mathematicalpropertythatwillbesthelpyoueliminatedistractersandsolvetheproblem.
Inyourgroupsyouwillhaveatotalof12multiplechoicequestionsandyouareexpectedtouseyour
knowledgeofmathematicalpropertiestosolvetheproblems.Ifyouareunabletosolvetheproblem
easily,useyourknowledgeofthepropertiestohelpyounarrowdownyourchoicesbyelimination.
Onyourgrouptablesyouhaveafolder.EachfolderhasMatch&Gogamecards.WhenIsaygo,in
yourgroups,matchthemultiplechoicequestionwiththemathematicalpropertythatbesthelpsyou
eliminatethedistracters.Onceyouhaveeliminatedthedistracters,useyourguessandcheck
strategiestosolvetheproblem.
Youwillhave15minutesforthistask.

Monitorstudentstresslevels.

Notewhoisusingthestrategiesmodeledpreviously.

Notewhoisusingthetimeeffectively.

AFTERACTIVITY

Reflectonfocusstrategy

(Marzano:Cooperative/CollaborativeLearning)

IndicatorofMastery

Revealanswerstostudents(eitheronanoverhead,interactivewhiteboardorbyprovidingstudents
withananswersheet).
Havestudentscalculatetheirscore.
Havestudentsdiscusstheirstrategiesforhowtheyeliminatedchoices.Thestudentscouldusethe
followingprompts:
o Forquestion#1,Iusedthezeropropertyofmultiplicationbecause
o Inquestion#2,IeliminatedchoicesAandC,because
o Isolvedquestion#3,by
Howdidyourunderstandingofmathematicalpropertieshelpyoueliminatedistractersandsolve
algebraproblems?
Canyouidentifysomeareasinalgebrawhereyouneedtostrengthenyourunderstandingorskills?

Studentstakequizandscorerightafter

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans


(Marzano:feedback,reinforce
effortandrecognition)

4=Ontrackforscoring700+
2.753=Ontrackforscoring600+
1.52=Ontrackforscoring500+
01=Ontrackforscoring350+

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Q1

Q2

If 4

n +1

= 8 n ,thenequals?

Q4

Q3

If (y + 2) = (y 2) ,whatisthe
valueofy?
2

If 11x + y 2 z 2 = 110 and


11y y 2 + z 2 = 33 ,then x + y =

Q5

If e + f =1,then (e + f ) =?

Q6

Ifrs=4,whichofthefollowing
CANNOTbeavaluefors?

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans


Q7

Whichofthefollowingisequivalentto
100 + n

25

Q8

Let rs = rs + s ,forallintegersrands.If
rs = 0 and s 0 ,whatmustrequal?

Q9
(0,50)
(1,49)
(5,25)

Q10

Ifqandrarepositiveoddintegers,
whichofthefollowingisgreatest?

Eachoftheorderedpairsinthetableaboveisonthe
graphofthefunctionintheplane.Whichofthe
followingcouldbetrueforallx?

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans


Q12
Q11

Intheequation S = 3 r ifthevalueofris
doubled,thenthevalueofSismultipliedby
2

x (x 1)(x + 2)

Forwhichofthefollowingvaluesofxisthevalueof
theexpressionabovenegative?

oddandeven
numbers

signednumbers
(integers)

factoringusing
thedistributive
property

exponents

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

inverse
propertiesof
additionor
multiplication

solving
equations

zeroproperties
ofadditionor
multiplication

identity
properties
multiplication

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Source:http://www.jamestown.k12.nd.us/school/highschool/carpenter/ia61.pdf

PROPERTIES OF REAL NUMBERS


Addition Commutative
Multiplication Commutative
For all real a, b
For all real a, b
a+b=b+a
ab = ba
Associative
For all real a, b, c
a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c

Associative
For all real a, b, c
(ab)c = a(bc)

Identity
There exists a real number 0
such that for every real a
a+0=a

Identity
There exists a real number 1
such that for every real a
a1=a

Additive Inverse
(Opposite)
For every real number a
there exist a real number,
denoted (a), such that
a + (a) = 0

Multiplicative Inverse
(Reciprocal)
For every real number a,
which can be written as a/1,
except 0 there exist a real
number, denoted
a/1

, such that
=1

Distributive Law
For all real a, b, c
a(b + c) = ab + ac, and (a + b)c = ac + bc
Source:http://www.jamesbrennan.org/algebra/numbers/properties_of_real_numbers1.htm

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans


Quiz:

Q1If

x
= x 2 ,thevalueofxcanbewhichofthe
3

Q2

following?
I.

1

3

II. 0
III.

(A)Ionly
(B)IIonly
(C)IIIonly
(D)IIandIIIonly
(E)I,IIandIII
Q3Ifaisanegativenumber,whichofthefollowingmust
alsobeanegativenumber?
A.

(a)

B.

(a 10)

C.

a + a

D.

a3 + a

E.

a4 + a2

a2
2

x +1

Q4If 4

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

= 64 ,whatisthevalueofx?

The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans


GroupActivitySolutions:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. D
11. D
12. D

Quiz

1.

2.

3.

4.