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# The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

choicefromthegivenchoices.
Studentsdemonstratetheeffectiveuseofrealnumberpropertiestojustifytheeliminationofthree

erroneousdistracters.
Howwillstudentlearningbemeasuredattheendofthelesson?(Whatwillcountassuccess?)

Materials:Memorygamesets(Match&Gogame)with12questionsineach,scrappaper,pencil,calculators
(optional)

DIRECTINSTRUCTION

IntroducingLesson

Modeling

Today we are going to look at how we evaluate multiplechoice questions in algebra. We are
goingtouseourknowledgeofmathematicalpropertiestoeliminatedistracters.
o Nowremindus:
o HowmanymultiplechoicemathquestionsdoestheSATcontain?
o Approximately,howmanyquestionsarethereonthistopic?
o Howmanychoicesdoeseachquestioncontain?
o Howmuchiseachcorrectchoiceworth?
o Howmuchiseachincorrectchoiceworth?
o Arequestionspresentedinorderofdifficulty?
(Marzano:PriorKnowledge)

algebraicproperties.Theseincludethepropertiesof:
o oddandevennumbers
o signednumbers(integers)
o exponents
o factoringusingthedistributiveproperty
o thezeroandidentitypropertiesand
o solvingequations

EasyProblem:
If12+24X=24X+12,whichofthefollowingmustbetrueforthisequation?

becausetherewillbeasolution.BecauseIknowthatthispropertyistrueforallrealnumbers,it
HarderProblem:

If

3k
= 3 2 ,forrealnumberskandmthenkmustequalto
m
3

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Iknowfrommypropertiesofexponentsthat

3k
= 3k m soIknowthatkmmustequal.Ithensolve
m
3

Haveago

If

r t
= 1,whatisthevalueof rt su ?
s u

(A)1
(B)0
(C)1
(D)2
(E)Itcannotbedeterminedfromtheinformationgiven.
(Marzano:Practice)

PRACTICE
ExplainingActivity

NotetoInstructor:Gamecardsneed
tobecopiedoncardstock,cutout
andplacedinthestudentswork
folders.

TeacherRoleDuringActivity

testbyplayingagamecalledMatch&Go.
WhenplayingMatch&Goyouwillhavetomatchthemultiplechoicequestionwiththe
mathematicalpropertythatwillbesthelpyoueliminatedistractersandsolvetheproblem.
Inyourgroupsyouwillhaveatotalof12multiplechoicequestionsandyouareexpectedtouseyour
knowledgeofmathematicalpropertiestosolvetheproblems.Ifyouareunabletosolvetheproblem
easily,useyourknowledgeofthepropertiestohelpyounarrowdownyourchoicesbyelimination.
Onyourgrouptablesyouhaveafolder.EachfolderhasMatch&Gogamecards.WhenIsaygo,in
yourgroups,matchthemultiplechoicequestionwiththemathematicalpropertythatbesthelpsyou
eliminatethedistracters.Onceyouhaveeliminatedthedistracters,useyourguessandcheck
strategiestosolvetheproblem.

Monitorstudentstresslevels.

Notewhoisusingthestrategiesmodeledpreviously.

Notewhoisusingthetimeeffectively.

AFTERACTIVITY

Reflectonfocusstrategy

(Marzano:Cooperative/CollaborativeLearning)

IndicatorofMastery

Havestudentscalculatetheirscore.
Havestudentsdiscusstheirstrategiesforhowtheyeliminatedchoices.Thestudentscouldusethe
followingprompts:
o Forquestion#1,Iusedthezeropropertyofmultiplicationbecause
o Inquestion#2,IeliminatedchoicesAandC,because
o Isolvedquestion#3,by
Howdidyourunderstandingofmathematicalpropertieshelpyoueliminatedistractersandsolve
algebraproblems?
Canyouidentifysomeareasinalgebrawhereyouneedtostrengthenyourunderstandingorskills?

Studentstakequizandscorerightafter

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

(Marzano:feedback,reinforce
effortandrecognition)

4=Ontrackforscoring700+
2.753=Ontrackforscoring600+
1.52=Ontrackforscoring500+
01=Ontrackforscoring350+

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Q1

Q2

If 4

n +1

= 8 n ,thenequals?

Q4

Q3

If (y + 2) = (y 2) ,whatisthe
valueofy?
2

## If 11x + y 2 z 2 = 110 and

11y y 2 + z 2 = 33 ,then x + y =

Q5

If e + f =1,then (e + f ) =?

Q6

Ifrs=4,whichofthefollowing
CANNOTbeavaluefors?

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Q7

Whichofthefollowingisequivalentto
100 + n

25

Q8

Let rs = rs + s ,forallintegersrands.If
rs = 0 and s 0 ,whatmustrequal?

Q9
(0,50)
(1,49)
(5,25)

Q10

Ifqandrarepositiveoddintegers,
whichofthefollowingisgreatest?

Eachoftheorderedpairsinthetableaboveisonthe
graphofthefunctionintheplane.Whichofthe
followingcouldbetrueforallx?

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Q12
Q11

Intheequation S = 3 r ifthevalueofris
doubled,thenthevalueofSismultipliedby
2

x (x 1)(x + 2)

Forwhichofthefollowingvaluesofxisthevalueof
theexpressionabovenegative?

oddandeven
numbers

signednumbers
(integers)

factoringusing
thedistributive
property

exponents

inverse
propertiesof
multiplication

solving
equations

zeroproperties
multiplication

identity
properties
multiplication

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Source:http://www.jamestown.k12.nd.us/school/highschool/carpenter/ia61.pdf

## PROPERTIES OF REAL NUMBERS

Multiplication Commutative
For all real a, b
For all real a, b
a+b=b+a
ab = ba
Associative
For all real a, b, c
a + (b + c) = (a + b) + c

Associative
For all real a, b, c
(ab)c = a(bc)

Identity
There exists a real number 0
such that for every real a
a+0=a

Identity
There exists a real number 1
such that for every real a
a1=a

(Opposite)
For every real number a
there exist a real number,
denoted (a), such that
a + (a) = 0

Multiplicative Inverse
(Reciprocal)
For every real number a,
which can be written as a/1,
except 0 there exist a real
number, denoted
a/1

, such that
=1

Distributive Law
For all real a, b, c
a(b + c) = ab + ac, and (a + b)c = ac + bc
Source:http://www.jamesbrennan.org/algebra/numbers/properties_of_real_numbers1.htm

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

Quiz:

Q1If

x
= x 2 ,thevalueofxcanbewhichofthe
3

Q2

following?
I.

1

3

II. 0
III.

(A)Ionly
(B)IIonly
(C)IIIonly
(D)IIandIIIonly
(E)I,IIandIII
Q3Ifaisanegativenumber,whichofthefollowingmust
alsobeanegativenumber?
A.

(a)

B.

(a 10)

C.

a + a

D.

a3 + a

E.

a4 + a2

a2
2

x +1

Q4If 4

A. 0
B. 1
C. 2
D. 3
E. 4

= 64 ,whatisthevalueofx?

## The Official SAT Online Course Lesson Plans

GroupActivitySolutions:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10. D
11. D
12. D

Quiz

1.

2.

3.

4.