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Adverse Impact of Inorganic Farming in Health and Environment at Gimaga, Goa,

Camarines Sur
( A Basis for Intervention )

Environmental Chemistry is the scientific study of the chemical and biological


phenomena that occur in natural places. It involves first the understanding on how
the uncontaminated environment works, which chemicals in what concentration are
present naturally and with what effects. Without this, it would be impossible to
accurately study the effects human have on the environment through the release of
chemicals.
Agriculture occupies a large percentage of the Earths land area and its
environmental effects are a global issue as well as a local and regional issue. It has
a long affected the environment. Agriculture is the cultivation of animals, plants,
fungi and other life forms for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal and other products use
to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise
of sedentary human cultivation, whereby farming of domesticated species created
food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The study of
agriculture is known as agricultural science. The history of agriculture dates back
thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly
different climates, cultures, and technologies. However, all farming generally relies
on techniques to expand and maintain the lands that are suitable for raising
domesticated species. For plants, this usually requires some form of irrigation,
although there are methods of dry land farming. Livestock are raised in a
combination of grassland based and landless systems, in an industry that covers
almost one third of the worlds ice and water free area. In the developed world,
industrial agriculture based on large scale monoculture has become the dominant
system of modern farming, although there is growing support for sustainable
agriculture, including perm culture and organic agriculture.
Agricultural practices such as irrigation, crop rotation, application of fertilizers
and pesticides, and the domestication of livestock were developed long ago, but
have made great progress in the past century. Modern agronomy, plant breeding,
agrochemicals such as pesticides and fertilizers, and technological improvements
have sharply increased yields from cultivation, but at the same time have caused
widespread ecological damage and negative human health effects. Agricultural
technology continued to improve, allowing the expansion of available crop varieties,
including a wide range of fruits, vegetables, oil crops, spices and other products.
Further industrialization led to the use of monocultures, when one cultivar is
planted on a large acreage. Because of the low biodiversity, nutrient use is form and
pests tend to build up, necessitating the greater use of pesticides and fertilizers.
Disease and land degradation are two of the major concerns in agriculture today.

The monocultures typically used in intensive agriculture increase the number of


pests, which are controlled through pesticides. Agriculture remains a hazardous
industry, and farmers worldwide remain at high risk of work related injuries, lung
disease, noise induced hearing loss, skin diseases, as well as certain cancers
related to chemical used in farming can also be hazardous to worker health, and
workers exposed to pesticides may experience illness or have children with birth
defects.
Contaminant is a substances present in nature due to human activity that
would not otherwise be there the term contaminant is often used interchangeably
with pollutant, which is a substances that has a detrimental impact on the
environment it is in.
Pesticides are the chemical used for spraying to the crop. It is only toxic
substances released intentionnaly into our environment to kill living things. This
includes substances that kill weeds ( herbicides ), insects ( insecticides ), fungus
( fungicides ), rodents and others. Pesticides are toxic to living organisms. Some can
accumulate in water system, pollute the air, and in some cases have other dramatic
environmental effects. Scientists are discovering new threats to the environment
that are equally disturbing and using it can damage agricultural land by harming
beneficial insect species, soil microorganisms, and worms which naturally limit pest
populations and maintain soil health. It can weaken plant root systems and immune
systems and it is known for reducing concentrations of essential plant nutrients in
the soil such nitrogen and phosphorous. The biggest drawback of the pesticide is
that after a certain period of time the fertility of land goes away.
Researchers have been helpful in conducting evaluations for many areas of
sciences. It predicts and evaluates the descriptive and objective data being
assessed. As in the case of agriculture, research is an integral part of evaluating
effects of different fertilizers used in farming, may it be organic or inorganic, but this
kind of study is helpful in giving suggestions and predictions or comments for the
improvement of such matter;