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if it works its out of date..

"controller is part of the system being controlled"
"the control function is spread through the architecture of the system"
"awar systems, where awareness is behaviourly identifiable" it responds to stimi
"systems are and system work otherwise they are not systems"
system's dynamics are based on internal changes, coupled with the changes in the
environment. ultrastable (Asby term for systems that can adapt)
systems contain control loops that are comprised of:
sensorium and criteria of stability and transducers
sensorium = a classification system (class library?) for transduced stimuli.
transducer a conversion engine from stimuli to internal message
channels (sensori input and motor effector)
transfer function
because the inputs, channels and tranfer functions are very large in number it i
s aggregated up from the neuronal level, it is difficult to know the overall TF
of the system
the connection network is called reticulum, anastomotic (connection of two syste
number of distinguishable items = variety
all problems, recognition, decision, and classification are problems of uncertai
if you are looking for one person in 10000, the variety is 1000 and the probabil
ity of finding the right one is 1:1000
n binary receptors can distinguish 2^n states
we measure variety in terms of binary decisions
element of decision is a bit#
the ecology has the capacity to self organise. this is a computational capacity
unlike typical computation based on known outcomes and efficiency, just a selec
tive mechanism for
modes of organisation that are 'survival-worthy'
distinction between an algorithm and heurisitc. the latter being a method for a
rriving at a goal that is not fully specified (we know what not where).
general rules to get to a general goal (e.g. the general rule 'take care of the
pence and the pounds will look after them' to achieve the general goal 'get wea
nature uses its algorithms to specify heuristics, we should too.
points on heuristically designed algorithms that can be used to program computer

s to learn and adapt (MK sounds similar to genetic algorithms etc).

hypothetical machine: some machine with 10 inputs and a binary output. machine
only knows the inputs and no preference for the outputs (50% chance of eac). a
speaker of a metalanguge
that the machine does not understand wants one output to be more frequent, needs
to train the machine. will need an algedonic loop (pain pleasure).
there is a hierarchy of meta- langaguges up the recursive control loop. to cont
ect the objectives of each meta system the language of that system cannot be use
d, and it does not know the language
of the system below it, so an alegodonic loop is required .
manager and neuron are analogous

model so far
decision element = sensors, effectors, anastomic reticulum
each node is connected to an algedonic loop that controls it through a pain/plea
sure mechanism in order to achieve its higher order outcomes from the subsystem
models disclose key structures of the systems under study
models are things
models are scaled down, transfered accorss, workable and appropriate
models to determine structure of control in complex systems
invariants need to be sought, e.g. asset should be greater than liabilities is a
n invariant for all firms
lateral and central command axis of the body is an analoug of sucessful organisa
the information processing pattern of the nervous system
e single stream of sensory data and using the followoing
if information can be dealth at this level, deal
and signals accross the motor channels, and pass on with
else filter
and pass on

invovles taking the sam

with it by sending comm
a 'dealt with' flag

1 remove noise
2 compress (algorithmically) link here to Shanon
information and compressability
filtering is complemented by arousal, the ability of the system to ampli
fy the singals when there is a threat.
the central command function performs the following
test incoming data for action requirements
test and recognise any data for compression filtering etc
store a record
Autonomic management
the thing is the best model of itself

organisational information gets locked into functional species

intoceptors have to be realtime and accurate
the link between
sensorimotor and internal/external events needs to be managed (6 couplings)
A state is defined as a particullar allocation of forms to events, given a parti
cular configuration of events
a dot as a sign for a state, fully specified. the movement of the dot in an n d
imensional phase space can be used to describe transitions/trajectories.
using the model
the whole is encapsulated in each part (as in biology
Beer calls himself a 'research philosopher'