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MOHAMAD SHAFIQ BIN ARBAIN

950728115759

SOALAN 4 / QUESTION 4:
Huraikan berserta definasi dan contoh-contoh apakah sifat Industri Binaan?
Explain with definition and examples what is the characteristic of Construction
Industry?
Definition : Characteristics of construction industry can divide by its features of output,
its size, labour intensive, nature of demand for construction output, nature of
construction work, variety of construction technology, and structure of industry. Its
processes include a complex mixture of different materials, skills and trades.
Explanation :
Temporary Organization- Every development of project requires a certain period of
time for completion from the original sketch plan until such building or structure a real
solid can be developed. Each project will be managed by the project manager and
supported by various parties such as contractor and sub- contractor , consultant,
architect , civil engineer , electrical and mechanical engineers and others. Therefore,
there will be a permanent organizational management that will monitor all developments
and performance of their projects from time to time. However, the project management
organization will no longer work once the project is completed. This proves that the
organization in project management is only temporary until the project is completed.
Labour intensive- Construction industry needs a lot of worker with many level such as
skilled labor or unskilled labor. People imagine construction industry as dirty job as well
as dangerous jobs. Even some said the construction industry is unattrractive job, but it
would say this is the attractive job and lot of money especially in off shore construction
industry such as drilling, piping, and dredging. The development of construction industry
grows rapidly as well as triangle connection between cost, quality, and time to improve
benefits. There are lot of firm in small scale to big scale in construction industry and it is
ease to enter in construction industry. Just supply cement to the building construction, it
can say that we just enter construction industry.
Variable of technology- In a massive construction process, many new method and
variety of technology are used to overcome unsolved problem. Feature of construction
output are durable or long lasting output such as house, building, road, large and heavy
units, unique, immobile, complex process, and expensive. Construction industry is
capital goods industry. It also requires other industries to support them and contributes
gross domestic product of the country. Many workers are required by construction
industry. The main client of construction industry is a government regarding to their
policy in infrastructure development. Demand of construction is in various types and
sizes. There will be different locations, different resources, different inputs and different

MOHAMAD SHAFIQ BIN ARBAIN

950728115759

stages of their process. There are discontinuities and uncertainties in demand pattern.
The complex stage of construction from planning, designing , building, maintenance and
lastly demolishing require different unit of apparatus and method to finish every step
involve in construction process.
Examples:
The construction process are really a complex process which can cost almost many
years to construct. The delaying of time during the construction process cause by force
majeure such as earthquakes or earth disaster, unusual weather conditions or the
Contractor is unable to obtain construction materials needed is said to causes the delay
of time happened and this will cost more money to spend of.
The complex process of construction:

Planning

Building and constructing

Designing

Demolishing