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Q.
No
Q.1

QuestionStatus

Whichofthefollowingisawrongstatement?
rateforgeometrieswithnonconstantcrosssectionalarea.
b. Rubberinsulatedwirescancarrymorecurrentthanabarewireforthesamerisein
temperature
c. Acertainthicknessofinsulationonasteampipemayincreasetherateofheat
transferratherthanreduceit.
d.

maximumthermalresistanceandconsequentlymaximumheatflowrate.

Attempt

Q.2

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

a.

b. Emissivepowerindependentofangle.
c. Emissivepowerindependentofwavelength.

Attempt

Q.3

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Air enters a rectangular duct measuring 30 cm 40 cm. The flowing air has a
thermalconductivity0.028W/mK.FromempiricalcorrelationstheNusseltnumber
hasbeenapproximatedtobe425.TheconvectiveheatflowcoefficientinW/m2 Kis
a.

34.71

b. 39.65
c. 29.75
d. 25.64

Attempt

Q.4

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Aheatexchangerisusedtoheatcoldwater(Cp=4.18kJ/kgK)enteringat12Cata
rateof1.2kg/sbyhotair(Cp=1.005kJ/kgK)enteringat90Catrateof2.5kg/s.The
highestrateofheattransferintheheatexchangeris
a. 82kW
b. 156kW
c.

195kW

d. 224kW

NotAttempt

Q.5

CorrectAns.

Solution

## For calculation of heat transfer by natural convection from a horizontal cylinder,

whatisthecharacteristiclengthingrashofnumber?
a.

Diameterofcylinder

b. Lengthofthecylinder
c. Circumferenceofthebaseofthecylinder
d. Halfthecircumferenceofthebaseofthecylinder

Attempt

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Q.6
When

arethetemperatureofcoldfluidatentryandexitrespectivelyand
arethetemperatureofhotfluidatentryandexitpoint,andcoldfluidhas

lower heat capacity rate as compared to hot fluid, then effectiveness of the heat
exchangerisgivenby

a.

b.

c.

d.

Attempt

Q.7

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Heatislostfroma100mmdiametersteampipeplacedhorizontallyinambientairat
30C.IftheNusseltnumberis25andthermalconductivityofairis0.03W/mK,then
theheattransfercoefficientwillbe
a. 16.2W/m2 K

b.

7.5W/m2 K

c. 25.2W/m2 K
d. 30W/m2 K

Attempt

Q.8

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

For a glass plate transmissivity and reflectivity are specified as 0.76 and 0.08
respectively,theabsorptivityoftheglassplateis
a. 0.86
b. 0.08
c.

0.16

d. 1.00

Attempt

Q.9

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

## An electric cable of Aluminium conductor (k = 240 W/mK) is to be insulated with

rubber(k=0.15W/mK)andoutsideheattransfercoefficientof6W/m2 K,thecritical
a. 40mm
b.

25mm

c. 80mm
d. 160mm

Attempt

Q.10

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Fouriernumberisthemeasureof
a. Heatstoredinabodyrelativetoheatconductedthroughit.
b.

Heatconductedthroughthebodyrelativetoheatstored.

c. Thethermalenergystoredcapacitytotheconvectivethermalresistance.
d. Thethermalenergystoredcapacitytotheconductionthermalresistance.

Attempt

Q.11

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Acounterflowheatexchangerisusedtoheatwaterfrom20Cto80Cbyusinghot
exhaust gas entering at 140C and leaving at 80C. The log mean temperature
differencefortheheatexchangeris
a. 80C
b.

60C

c. 110C
d. 100C

Attempt

Q.12

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Ifnaturalconvectionheattransferfroma4cmhorizontaldiametertubeisgivenby

therelationNu(Gr)0.25 ,andtheconvectiveheattransfercoefficientis100W/m2
K.Ifthediameterofthetubeis16cm,thevalueofhwouldbe______W/m2 K,with
otherparametersremainingthesame.

Attempt

Incorrect

YourAns.

25

CorrectAns.

70.71(6873)
Solution

Q.13

Aplaneslabof10cmthicknessgeneratesheat.Itisobservedthatthetemperature
dropbetweenthecentreanditssurfacetobe60C.Ifthicknessisincreasedto200
mm,thetemperaturedifferencewillbe____________C.

Attempt

Q.14

Incorrect

YourAns.

120

CorrectAns.

240

Solution

After expansion from a gas turbine, the hot exhaust gases are used to heat the
compressed air from a compressor with the help of a counter flow compact heat
exchangerof0.6effectiveness.Thenumberoftransferunitsoftheheatexchanger
is__________.

Attempt

Q.15

Incorrect

YourAns.

0.916

CorrectAns.

1.5

Solution

Alongitudinalcopperfin(k=380W/mK)600mmlongand5mmdiameterisexpose
toairstreamat20C.Theconvectiveheattransfercoefficientis20W/m2 K.Ifthefin
basetemperatureis150C,thenefficiencyofthefin__________%.

Attempt

Q.16

Correct

CorrectAns.

25.66(2427)

Solution

For an opaque plane surface the irradiation, radiosity and emissive power are
respectively20,12and10W/m2 .Theemissivityofthesurfaceis__________.

Attempt

Q.17

Correct

CorrectAns.

0.8(0.790.81)

Solution

K)islaidintoatmosphereof20Cwithoutsideheattransfercoefficient21.25W/m2
K. The surface temperature of metal is likely to be 65C due to heat generation
within.Themaximumheatdissipation(W)permeterlengthofthecablewillbe
a. 25.50
b.

32.70

c. 38.54
d. 30.60

NotAttempt

CorrectAns.

Solution

Q.18

a. a
b. b
c.

d. d

Attempt

Q.19

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Two streams of fluids of unit constant specific heat and unit mass flow rate
hotandcoldfluidstreamsare300Cand30Crespectively.Theeffectivenessofthe
heatexchangeriftheoutlettemperatureofboththefluidareequal
a.

0.5

b. 0.6
c. 0.7
d. 0.8

Attempt

Q.20

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

AiratatemperatureofTflowsoveraflatplatewithafreestreamvelocityofU.
TheplateismaintainedataconstanttemperatureofTw.TemperatureTofairatany
locationisgivenby

Whereyisthedistancemeasuredfromtheplatealongitsnormal,andandtare
the hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layer thickness, respectively. The heat
transfercoefficientattheplatesurfaceusingthefollowingdata:

a. 0.14W/m2 K
b. 13.60W/m2 K
c.

136.80W/m2 K

d. 1368W/m2 K

NotAttempt

Q.21

CorrectAns.

Solution

dryerisoccupiedwithwatersoakedmaterialtobedried.Thebaseismaintainedata
temperatureof370K,whilethedomeofthedryerismaintainedat1000K.Ifboth
surfacebehaveasblackbody,thedryingrateperunitlength(kg/ms)experienced
bythewetmaterial.(Take(Cp)water=4.18kJ/kgKandlatentheatofwater=2257
kJ/kg)

a. 0.0578
b. 0.0736
c. 0.1156
d.

0.0368

NotAttempt

Q.22

CorrectAns.

Solution

Ametalplate0.609mhighformstheverticalwallofanovenandisatatemperature
of161C.
Within the oven air is at a temperature of 93C. Assuming the natural convection
conditionshold
neartheplate,
Thepropertiesofairat400Kare
=26.4106 m2 /s,=38.3106 m2 /s
k=33.8103 W/mK
TheRayleighnumberwillbe
a.

3.725108

b. 37.25108
c. 5.245108

d. 52.45108

NotAttempt

Q.23

CorrectAns.

Solution

Asolidcopperballofmass0.5kgwhenquenchedinawaterbathat30C,coolsfrom
530Cto430Cin10seconds.Whatwillbethetemperature(C)oftheballafterthe
next10seconds?
a. 300
b. 320
c.

350

d. Indeterminateduetoinsufficientdata

Attempt

Q.24

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Twofluids,AandBexchangeheatinacounterflowheatexchanger.FluidAenters
at420Candhasmassflowrateof2kg/s.FluidBentersat20Candalsohasmass
flowrateof2kg/s,effectivenessofheatexchangeris75%.Theexittemperature(C)
offluidBis(specificheatoffluidAis1kJ/kgKandthatoffluidBis4kJ/kgK)
a. 120
b.

95

c. 75
d. 100

Attempt

Q.25

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

## The main trunk duct of an air conditioning system is rectangular in crosssection

(400mm800mm)andhasairatatmosphericpressureandat20Ctemperature
flowingwithavelocityof7m/s.Estimatetheheatleakage(W)permeterlengthper
unittemperaturedifference.Relevantphysicalpropertiesofairare:
=15.06106 m2 /s,=7.71102 m2 /hrandk=0.0259W/mK
a.

48.17

b. 49.90
c. 6.45
d. 25.50

NotAttempt

Q.26

CorrectAns.

Solution

Heatflowsthroughacompositeslab,asshownbelow.Thedepthoftheslabis10cm.
ThekvaluesareinW/mK.TheheatflowratethroughthecompositewallinWis

a. 313.07
b. 2314.50
c. 575.25
d.

2037.15

Attempt

Q.27

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Acylindricalpinfinofdiameter0.6cmandlengthof3cmwithnegligibleheatloss
fromthetiphasanefficiencyof0.7.Theeffectivenessofthisfinis
a. 0.3
b. 0.7
c. 8
d.

Attempt

Q.28

14

Correct

CorrectAns.

Solution

Ahollowcylinderofamaterialthathasathermalconductivityof3.46W/mChasan
surfaceis150Candthetemperatureprofileisgivenby

Whererisincm.Theheattransferrateperunitlengthis_____________kW.

NotAttempt

Q.29

CorrectAns.

1.59(1.51.7)

Solution

Heatengineoilavailableat150Cflowingthroughtheshellsideisusedtoheat2.4
kg/s of water from 20C to 80C in a shell and tube heat exchanger. Water flows
through eight tubes of 25 mm diameter. The exit oil temperature is 90C. Take oil
sideheattransfercoefficientas400W/m2 K.Forwater:Cp=4.18kJ/kgK,=548
106 Ns/m2 ,k=0.643W/mKandPr=3.56.Theoverallheattransfercoefficientis
__________W/m2 K.

NotAttempt

Q.30

CorrectAns.

359.38(355365)

Solution

Two very large parallel plane with emissivities 0.3 and 0.8 exchange radiative
energy. The percentage reduction in radiative energy transfer when a polished

Attempt

Q.31

Correct

CorrectAns.

91.58(9092)

Solution

## A hollow sphere is made up of two materials, first with k = 70 W/mK is having

internaldiameterof10cmandouterdiameterof30cmandsecondwithk=15W/m
K forms the outer layer with outer diameter of 40 cm. The inside and outside
temperatureare300Cand30C.Therateofheatflowthroughthesphereassuming

perfectcontactbetweentwomaterialsis________kW.

Attempt

Q.32

Correct

CorrectAns.

11.25(1111.50)

Solution

Atubularheatexchangeristobedesignforcoolingoilfromatemperatureof80Cto
30C by a large stagnant water which may be assumed to remain constant at a
temperatureof20C.Theheattransfersurfaceconsistof30mlongstraighttubeof
20mminsidediameter.Theoil(specificgravity=0.8)flowsthroughcylindricaltube
with an average velocity of 50 cm/s. The overall heat transfer coefficient is 298.7
W/m2 C.Theheattransferthroughtheheatexchangeris________kW.

Attempt

Q.33

Correct

CorrectAns.

15.7(15.615.8)

Solution

Inanexperiment,thelocalheattransferoveraflatplatewerecorrelatedintheform
oflocal
Nusseltnumberasexpressedbythefollowingcorrelation

Theratiooftheaverageconvectionheattransfercoefficient(h)overtheentireplate
lengthtothe
localconvectionheattransfercoefficient(hx )atx=Lis_________.

NotAttempt

CorrectAns.

1.25

Solution